16 found
Order:
See also
Tyler Paytas
Australian Catholic University
  1. Of Providence and Puppet Shows: Divine Hiddenness as Kantian Theodicy.Tyler Paytas - 2019 - Faith and Philosophy 36 (1):56-80.
    Although the free-will reply to divine hiddenness is often associated with Kant, the argument typically presented in the literature is not the strongest Kantian response. Kant’s central claim is not that knowledge of God would preclude the possibility of transgression, but rather that it would preclude one’s viewing adherence to the moral law as a genuine sacrifice of self-interest. After explaining why the Kantian reply to hiddenness is superior to standard formulations, I argue that, despite Kant’s general skepticism about theodicy, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  2. Intrinsic Valuing and the Limits of Justice: Why the Ring of Gyges Matters.Tyler Paytas & Nicholas R. Baima - 2019 - Phronesis 64 (1):1-9.
    Commentators such as Terence Irwin (1999) and Christopher Shields (2006) claim that the Ring of Gyges argument in Republic II cannot demonstrate that justice is chosen only for its consequences. This is because valuing justice for its own sake is compatible with judging its value to be overridable. Through examination of the rational commitments involved in valuing normative ideals such as justice, we aim to show that this analysis is mistaken. If Glaucon is right that everyone would endorse Gyges’ behavior, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  3.  29
    Plato’s Pragmatism: Rethinking the Relationship Between Ethics and Epistemology.Nicholas R. Baima & Tyler Paytas - 2021 - New York, NY, USA: Routledge. Edited by Tyler Paytas.
    Plato’s Pragmatism offers the first comprehensive defense of a pragmatist reading of Plato. According to Plato, the ultimate rational goal is not to accumulate knowledge and avoid falsehood but rather to live an excellent human life. The book contends that a pragmatic outlook is present throughout the Platonic corpus. The authors argue that the successful pursuit of a good life requires cultivating certain ethical commitments, and that maintaining these commitments often requires violating epistemic norms. In the course of defending the (...)
  4. Rational Beings with Emotional Needs: The Patient-Centered Grounds of Kant's Duty of Humanity.Tyler Paytas - 2015 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 32 (4):353-376.
    Over the course of the past several decades, Kant scholars have made significant headway in showing that emotions play a more significant role in Kant's ethics than has traditionally been assumed. Closer attention has been paid to the Metaphysics of Morals (MS) where Kant provides important insights about the value of moral sentiments and the role they should play in our lives. One particularly important discussion occurs in sections 34 and 35 of the Doctrine of Virtue where Kant claims we (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  5.  10
    Human rights and liberal values: can religion-targeted immigration bans be justified?Tyler Paytas - 2021 - Ethics and Global Politics 14 (2):65-74.
    In Justice for People on the Move (2020), Gillian Brock argues that immigration bans targeting religions run afoul of international human rights agreements and practices concerning equal protection under the law, freedom of conscience, and freedom of religion. Religion-targeted bans are also said to violate ethical requirements for legitimacy by not treating immigration applicants fairly and signalling the acceptability of hatred and intolerance. Brock centres her discussion around the example of the Trump administration’s 2017 Muslim ban, for which she notes (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  6.  25
    Kantian and Sidgwickian Ethics: The Cosmos of Duty Above and the Moral Law Within.Tyler Paytas & Tim Henning (eds.) - 2020 - New York and London: Routledge.
    Immanuel Kant and Henry Sidgwick are towering figures in the history of moral philosophy. Kant's views on ethics continue to be discussed and studied in detail not only in philosophy, but also theology, political science, and legal theory. Meanwhile, Sidgwick is emerging as the philosopher within the utilitarian tradition who merits the same meticulous treatment that Kant receives. As champions of deontology and consequentialism respectively, Kant and Sidgwick disagree on many important issues. However, close examination reveals a surprising amount of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  7.  40
    God’s Awful Majesty Before Our Eyes: Kant’s Moral Justification for Divine Hiddenness.Tyler Paytas - 2017 - Kantian Review 22 (1):133-157.
    The problem of ‘divine hiddenness’ arises from the lack of an explanation for why an all-loving God would choose not to make his existence evident. I argue that Kant provides a compelling solution to this problem in an often overlooked passage located near the end of the second Critique. Kant’s suggestion is that God’s revealing himself would preclude the development of virtue because we would lose the experience of conflict between self-interest and the law. I provide a reconstruction and defence (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  8. Sometimes Psychopaths get it Right: A Utilitarian Response to 'The Mismeasure of Morals'.Tyler Paytas - 2014 - Utilitas 26 (2):178-191.
    A well-publicized study entitled (Bartels and Pizarro, 2011) purportedly provides evidence that utilitarian solutions to a particular class of moral dilemmas are endorsed primarily by individuals with psychopathic traits. According to the authors, these findings give researchers reason to refrain from classifying utilitarian judgements as morally optimal. This article is a two-part response to the study. The first part comprises concerns about the methodology used and the adequacy of the data for supporting the authors’ conclusions. The second part seeks to (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  9.  62
    Guest Editors’ Introduction: De-moralizing Ethics.Roger Crisp, Tyler Paytas & R. A. Rowland - forthcoming - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-6.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  30
    Correction to: Guest Editors’ Introduction: De-moralizing Ethics.Roger Crisp, Tyler Paytas & R. A. Rowland - forthcoming - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-1.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11. Aptness Isn’t Enough: Why We Ought to Abandon Anger.Tyler Paytas - forthcoming - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-17.
    According to the Fittingness Defense, even if the consequences of anger are overall bad, it does not follow that we should aim to avoid it. This is because fitting anger involves an accurate appraisal of wrongdoing and is essential for appreciating injustice and signaling our disapproval. My aim in this paper is to show that the Fittingness Defense fails. While accurate appraisals are prima facie rational and justified on epistemic grounds, I argue that this type of fittingness does not vindicate (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. True in Word and Deed: Plato on the Impossibility of Divine Deception.Nicholas R. Baima & Tyler Paytas - 2020 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 58 (2):193-214.
    A common theological perspective holds that God does not deceive because lying is morally wrong. While Plato denies the possibility of divine deception in the Republic, his explanation does not appeal to the wrongness of lying. Indeed, Plato famously recommends the careful use of lies as a means of promoting justice. Given his endorsement of occasional lying, as well as his claim that humans should strive to emulate the gods, Plato's suggestion that the gods never have reason to lie is (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  42
    Be Not Afraid: The Virtue of Fearlessness.Tyler Paytas - 2021 - Philosophers' Imprint 21 (23).
    Most contemporary virtue theorists hold that fear of genuine dangers is appropriate, and that what matters is one’s ability to surmount it when necessary. To overcome fear for the sake of the good is an act of courage, while succumbing to it is the manifestation of cowardice. This orthodox view comprises a significant oversight. While it is true that overcoming one’s fear in a moment of crisis is a mark of excellence, courage is not the highest ideal toward which we (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  14
    Beneficent Governor of the Cosmos: Kant and Sidgwick on the Moral Necessity of God.Tyler Paytas - 2020 - In Tyler Paytas & Tim Henning (eds.), Kantian and Sidgwickian Ethics: The Cosmos of Duty Above and the Moral Law Within. New York and London: Routledge. pp. 210-244.
    Kant and Sidgwick agree that genuine ethical principles must be sourced in reason rather than divine commands. Yet, despite sharing this secular starting point, both philosophers ultimately conclude that the assumption of God’s existence is necessary for the complete viability of practical reason (including principles of morality) within human beings. This mutual reintroduction of God is especially surprising given that Kant and Sidgwick advocate divergent moral theories. The central claim of this chapter is that, despite their philosophical differences, Kant’s and (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  52
    Myisha Cherry, The Case for Rage: Why Anger Is Essential to Anti-racist Struggle. [REVIEW]Tyler Paytas - 2022 - Ethics 133 (1):147-151.
  16.  17
    The Cosmos of Duty: Henry Sidgwick’s Methods of Ethics, written by Roger Crisp. [REVIEW]Tyler Paytas - 2018 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 15 (2):233-236.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation