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Profile: Bernard Baertschi (University of Geneva, University of Geneva)
  1. Bernard Baertschi (forthcoming). Human Dignity as a Component of a Long-Lasting and Widespread Conceptual Construct. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-11.
    For some decades, the concept of human dignity has been widely discussed in bioethical literature. Some authors think that this concept is central to questions of respect for human beings, whereas others are very critical of it. It should be noted that, in these debates, dignity is one component of a long-lasting and widespread conceptual construct used to support a stance on the ethical question of the moral status of an action or being. This construct has been used from Modernity (...)
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  2. Bernard Baertschi (forthcoming). Justice Et Santé. Chacun Doit-Il Recevoir des Soins En Proportion de Ses Besoins ? Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale.
    Lorsqu'il est question de distribuer les soins de santé de manière juste, le critère qui est le plus souvent spontanément proposé est le besoin. Il faut soigner chacun selon ses besoins. Dans cette étude, nous examinons la signification de ce critère et ses limites. Il apparaît en effet, dès qu'on entre dans les détails, qu'on rencontre de graves difficultés lorsqu'on veut l'appliquer. Ces difficultés sont conceptuelles (le besoin a plusieurs significations) et substantielles (le besoin est insuffisant comme critère). Nous concluons (...)
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  3. Bernard Baertschi (forthcoming). L'épisode Matérialiste de Maine de Biran. Les Etudes Philosophiques.
    Maine de Biran a toujours été considéré comme un représentant exemplaire de l'anti-matérialisme dans la philosophie française du début du XIXe siècle. N'a-t-il pas tenté, sur la base de l'expérience du fait primitif, de fonder une doctrine dualiste? Certes, mais des textes récemment publiés montrent que cela n'a pas toujours été le cas: vers 1800, sous l'influence des Idéologues, et particulièrement de Cabanis, il a, pour un temps, épousé les thèses du naturalisme matérialiste. Ce sont ces textes que nous examinons (...)
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  4. Bernard Baertschi (forthcoming). Le problème du réalisme chez Condillac. Les Etudes Philosophiques.
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  5. Bernard Baertschi (forthcoming). Ouverture des marchés et ouverture des esprits. La mondialisation sonne-t-elle le glas du nationalisme? Studia Philosophica.
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  6. Bernard Baertschi (2013). Defeating the Argument From Hubris. Bioethics 27 (8):435-441.
    Biotechnologies – synthetic biology in particular – are sometimes blamed for playing God or manifesting hubris, that is, for evincing the vicious attitude of transcending the limits of human agency. In trying to create living organisms, we would adopt an attitude that is immoral for human beings. In this article, I want to show that this blame is unwarranted. I distinguish two aspects of the argument, which claims that it is impossible for human beings to create life and immoral to (...)
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  7. Bernard Baertschi (2012). The Moral Status of Artificial Life. Environmental Values 21 (1):5 - 18.
    Recently at the J. Craig Venter Institute, a microorganism has been created through synthetic biology. In the future, more complex living beings will very probably be produced. In our natural environment, we live amongst a whole variety of beings. Some of them have moral status — they have a moral importance and we cannot treat them in just any way we please —; some do not. When it becomes possible to create artificially living beings who naturally possess moral status, will (...)
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  8. Angela K. Martin & Bernard Baertschi (2012). In Favor of PGD: The Moral Duty to Avoid Harm Argument. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (4):12-13.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 4, Page 12-13, April 2012.
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  9. John O'Neill, Clive L. Spash, Mark Whitehead, Robin Attfield, Bernard Baertschi, Seth D. Baum, Carol Booth, Peter F. Cannavò & Anna Deplazes-Zemp (2012). Index to Environmental Values Volume 21, 2012. Environmental Values 21:545-548.
     
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  10. Bernard Baertschi (2011). Neurosciences et responsabilité morale: Un argument en faveur du compatibilisme. Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 143 (3):257-272.
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  11. Bernard Baertschi & Alexandre Mauron (2011). Genetic Determinism, Neuronal Determinism, and Determinism Tout Court. In Judy Illes & Barbara J. Sahakian (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics. Oxford University Press. 151.
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  12. Frederic Gilbert & Bernard Baertschi (2011). Neuroenhancement: Much Ado About Nothing? American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 2 (4):45-47.
    In their paper “Deflating the neuroenhancement bubble”, more precisely in their section entitled “How New is Neuroenhancement?”, Lucke and colleagues argue that neuroenhancement is nothing new to our epoch by demonstrating that the use of psychoactive stimulants in the 19th and 20th centuries was already common. The purpose of our comment is to show that the current bubble surrounding neuroenhancement in particular, and enhancement in general, is a recasting of an even older speculative engagement that can be traced back from (...)
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  13. Bernard Baertschi & Alexandre Mauron (2010). Moral Status Revisited: The Challenge of Reversed Potency. Bioethics 24 (2):96-103.
    Moral status is a vexing topic. Linked for so long to the unending debates about ensoulment and the morality of abortion, it has recently resurfaced in the embryonic stem cell controversy. In this new context, it should benefit from new insights originating in recent scientific advances. We believe that the recently observed capability of somatic cells to return to a pluripotential state (a capability we propose to name 'reversed potency') in a controlled manner requires us to modify the traditional concept (...)
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  14. Bernard Baertschi (2009). Intended Changes Are Not Always Good, and Unintended Changes Are Not Always Bad—Why? American Journal of Bioethics 9 (5):39-40.
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  15. Bernard Baertschi (2008). The Burden of Self-Consciousness. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (9):33 – 34.
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  16. Bernard Baertschi (2005). Conscience Et Réalité: Études Sur la Philosophie Française au Xviiie Siècle. Droz.
    Marqués par Descartes et Locke, les philosophes de ce siècle se sont notamment intéressés à l'épistémologie devenue alors discipline philosophique fondamentale.
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  17. Bernard Baertschi (2005). Marc Van den bossche, ironie et solidarité. Une introduction au pragmatisme de Richard Rorty (ouverture philosophique), Paris, l'harmattan, 2004, 182p. [REVIEW] Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 137:77.
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  18. Bernard Baertschi & Bernard Baetschi (2005). Diderot, Cabanis and Lamarck on Psycho-Physical Causality. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 27 (3/4):451 - 463.
    Modern physics was born in the 17th century and modern biology one century later. Immediately, scientifics and philosophers ask themselves what is the relationship between those two sciences and between properties of non-living and living matter. Among those scientifics and philosophers, some think that mental phenomena are of biological nature — they are materialists —, so they encounter a second problem: what is the relationship between properties of non-thinking and thinking living matter? This paper examines the doctrine of three French (...)
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  19. Bernard Baertschi (2004). André Duhamel, Une éthique sans point de vue moral, Québec, Presses de l'Université Laval, coll. « Mercure du nord », 2003, 195 p.André Duhamel, Une éthique sans point de vue moral, Québec, Presses de l'Université Laval, coll. « Mercure du nord », 2003, 195 p. [REVIEW] Philosophiques 31 (2):433-435.
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  20. Alexandre Mauron & Bernard Baertschi (2004). The European Embryonic Stem-Cell Debate and the Difficulties of Embryological Kantianism. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (5):563 – 581.
    As elsewhere, the ethical debate on embryonic stem cell research in Central Europe, especially Germany and Switzerland, involves controversy over the status of the human embryo. There is a distinctive Kantian flavor to the standard arguments however, and we show how they often embody a set of misunderstandings and argumentative shortcuts we term "embryological Kantianism." We also undertake a broader analysis of three arguments typically presented in this debate, especially in official position papers, namely the identity, continuity, and potentiality arguments. (...)
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  21. Bernard Baertschi (2003). Le suicide est «un vol fait au genre humain». Revue Philosophique De Louvain 101 (1):58-70.
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  22. Bernard Baertschi (2003). Éthique et mort(s) - Le suicide est <>. Revue Philosophique De Louvain 101 (1):58-70.
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  23. Bernard Baertschi (2002). Introduction. Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 1 (1):3-5.
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  24. Bernard Baertschi (2002). Justice et santé. Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 1 (1):83-101.
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  25. Bernard Baertschi (2001). La Place du Normatif En Morale. Philosophiques 28 (1):69-86.
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  26. Bernard Baertschi (1998). Lucien Sève: Pour Une Critique de la Raison Bioéthique. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 1 (4):481-482.
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  27. Bernard Baertschi (1996). Le «machinisme des bêtes»: Tout compte fait, Descartes n'avait pas entièrement tort. Studia Philosophica 55:53-83.
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  28. Bernard Baertschi (1996). Xenografts and Respect Towards Animals. International Journal of Bioethics 7:289-295.
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  29. Bernard Baertschi (1993). La vie humaine est-elle sacrée? Euthanasie et assistance au suicide. Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 125 (4):359-381.
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  30. Bernard Baertschi (1991). L'athéisme de Diderot. Revue Philosophique De Louvain 89 (3):421-449.
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  31. Bernard Baertschi (1986). Le réalisme scientifique de Feyerabend. Dialogue 25 (02):267-.
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  32. Bernard Baertschi (1984). La Statue de Condillac, Image du Réel Ou Fiction Logique? Revue Philosophique De Louvain 82 (55):335-364.
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  33. Bernard Baertschi (1983). Les Fondements de la Morale de Maine de Biran. Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 88 (4):447 - 464.
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  34. Bernard Baertschi (1982). Le Problème de la Distinction de l'Âme Et du Corps. Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 87 (3):344 - 363.
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