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Profile: Fred Sommers (Brandeis University)
  1. Fred Sommers, How We Naturally Reason.
    In the 17th century, Hobbes stated that we reason by addition and subtraction. Historians of logic note that Hobbes thought of reasoning as “a ‘species of computation’” but point out that “his writing contains in fact no attempt to work out such a project.” Though Leibniz mentions the plus/minus character of the positive and negative copulas, neither he nor Hobbes say anything about a plus/minus character of other common logical words that drive our deductive judgments, words like ‘some’, ‘all’, ‘if’, (...)
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  2. Fred Sommers, Natural Language and Everyday Reasoning.
  3. Christina Hoff Sommers & Fred Sommers (eds.) (2010). Vice and Virtue in Everyday Life. Wadsworth.
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  4. Fred Sommers (2009). Dissonant Beliefs. Analysis 69 (2):267-274.
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  5. Fred Sommers (2008). Ratiocination: An Empirical Account. Ratio 21 (2):115–133.
    Modern thinkers regard logic as a purely formal discipline like number theory, and not to be confused with any empirical discipline such as cognitive psychology, which may seek to characterize how people actually reason. Opposed to this is the traditional view that even a formal logic can be cognitively veridical – descriptive of procedures people actually follow in arriving at their deductive judgments (logic as Laws of Thought). In a cognitively veridical logic, any formal proof that a deductive judgment, intuitively (...)
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  6. Fred Sommers (2005). Bar-Hillel's Complaint. Philosophia 33 (1-4):55-68.
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  7. Fred Sommers (2005). Belief De Mundo. American Philosophical Quarterly 42 (2):117 - 124.
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  8. Christina Hoff Sommers & Fred Sommers (eds.) (2000). Vice & Virtue in Everyday Life: Introductory Readings in Ethics. Harcourt College Publishers.
     
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  9. Fred Sommers (1997). Putnam's Born-Again Realism. Journal of Philosophy 94 (9):453-471.
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  10. Fred Sommers (1994). Naturalism and Realism. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 19 (1):22-38.
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  11. Fred Sommers (1993). The World, the Facts, and Primary Logic. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 34 (2):169-182.
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  12. Fred Sommers (1990). Predication in the Logic of Terms. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 31 (1):106-126.
     
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  13. Fred Sommers (1989). Predication in the Logic Terms. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 31 (1):106-126.
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  14. Fred Sommers (1983). The Logic of Natural Language. Oxford University Press.
  15. Fred Sommers (1981). Are There Atomic Propositions? Midwest Studies in Philosophy 6 (1):59-68.
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  16. Fred Sommers (1976). Leibniz's Program for the Development of Logic. In R. . S. Cohen, P. . K. Feyerabend & M. Wartofsky (eds.), Essays in Memory of Imre Lakatos. Reidel. 589--615.
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  17. Fred Sommers (1975). Distribution Matters. Mind 84 (333):27-46.
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  18. Fred Sommers (1974). The Logical and the Extra-Logical. In. In R. S. Cohen & Marx W. Wartofsky (eds.), Methodological and Historical Essays in the Natural and Social Sciences. Boston,Reidel. 235--252.
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  19. Fred Sommers (1971). Structural Ontology. Philosophia 1 (1-2):21-42.
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  20. Fred Sommers (1970). The Calculus of Terms. Mind 79 (313):1-39.
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  21. Fred Sommers (1969). Do We Need Identity? Journal of Philosophy 66 (15):499-504.
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  22. Fred Sommers (1969). On Concepts of Truth in Natural Languages. Review of Metaphysics 23 (2):259 - 286.
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  23. Fred Sommers (1967). On a Fregean Dogma. In Imre Lakatos (ed.), Problems in the Philosophy of Mathematics. Amsterdam, North-Holland Pub. Co.. 47--62.
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  24. Fred Sommers (1966). Why Is There Something and Not Nothing? Analysis 26 (6):177 - 181.
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  25. Fred Sommers (1965). Predicability. In Max Black (ed.), Philosophy in America. Ithaca, N.Y.,Cornell University Press. 262--281.
     
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  26. Fred Sommers (1965). Truth Value Gaps: A Reply to Mr. Odegard. Analysis 25 (3):66 - 68.
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  27. Fred Sommers (1964). A Program for Coherence. Philosophical Review 73 (4):522-527.
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  28. Fred Sommers (1963). Meaning Relations and the Analytic. Journal of Philosophy 60 (18):524-534.
  29. Fred Sommers (1963). Types and Ontology. Philosophical Review 72 (3):327-363.
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  30. Judith Jarvis & Fred Sommers (1961). An Introduction to Wittgenstein's Tractatus. By G. E. M. Anscombe. (London: Hutchinson University Library. 1959. Pp. 179.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 36 (138):374-.
  31. Fred Sommers (1959). The Ordinary Language Tree. Mind 68 (270):160-185.
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  32. Fred Sommers (1952). The Passing of Privileged Uniqueness. Journal of Philosophy 49 (11):392-397.
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