Search results for 'Period' (try it on Scholar)

  1. Keqian Xu (2008). The Abdication of King Kuai of Yan and the Issue of Political Legitimacy in the Warring States Period. Journal of School of Chinese Language and Culture 2008 (3).
    The event that King Kuai of Yan demised the crown to his premier Zizhi, is a tentative way of political power transmission happened in the social transforming Warring States Period, which was influenced by the popular theory of Yao and Shun’s demise of that time. However, this tentative was obviously a failure, coming under attacks from all Confucian, Taoist and Legalist scholars. We may understand the development of the thinking concerning the issue of political legitimacy during the Warring (...)
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  2.  6
    Elizabeth Cashdan (1994). A Sensitive Period for Learning About Food. Human Nature 5 (3):279-291.
    It is proposed here that there is a sensitive period in the first two to three years of life during which humans acquire a basic knowledge of what foods are safe to eat. In support of this, it is shown that willingness to eat a wide variety of foods is greatest between the ages of one and two years, and then declines to low levels by age four. These data also show that children who are introduced to solids unusually (...)
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  3.  40
    Ruth Abbey (1996). Beyond Misogyny and Metaphor: Women in Nietzsche's Middle Period. Journal of the History of Philosophy 34 (2):233-256.
    This article proposes a third way of reading Nietzsche's remarks on women, one that goes beyond misogyny and metaphor. Taking the depiction of women in the works of the middle period at face value shows that these works neither entirely demean women nor exclude them from the higher life. Nietzsche's middle period comprises HAH (1879-80, which includes "Assorted Opinions and Maxims" and "The Wanderer and His Shadow"), D (1881) and GS (1882). The works of this (...) do not disqualify women from free spirithood, for some of their passages can be read as befitting some women of the future for this honour. (shrink)
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  4.  26
    Renqiu Zhu (2009). The Formation, Development and Evolution of Neo-Confucianism — with a Focus on the Doctrine of “Stilling the Nature” in the Song Period. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (3):322-342.
    The formation of the discourse of Neo-Confucianism 1 in the Song period was a result of the interactions between many social and cultural trends. In the development of the Neo-Confucian discourse, the Cheng brothers (Cheng Hao and Cheng Yi) played key roles with their charismatic thoughts and impelling personalities, while Zhu Xi pushed Neo-Confucian thought and discourse to a pinnacle with his broad knowledge and precise reasoning. In the warm discussions and debates between different schools and thoughts, the Neo-Confucian (...)
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  5.  1
    Anthony G. Greenwald & Harvey G. Shulman (1973). On Doing Two Things at Once: II. Elimination of the Psychological Refractory Period Effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (1):70.
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  6.  5
    J. Richard Simon, John L. Craft & John B. Webster (1973). Reactions Toward the Stimulus Source: Analysis of Correct Responses and Errors Over a Five-Day Period. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (1):175.
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  7.  2
    N. G. Hanawalt & I. H. Demarest (1939). The Effect of Verbal Suggestion in the Recall Period Upon the Reproduction of Visually Perceived Forms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 25 (2):159.
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  8.  2
    Jack A. Adams (1962). Test of the Hypothesis of Psychological Refractory Period. Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (3):280.
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  9.  2
    Herbert Rubenstein & Murray Aborn (1954). Immediate Recall as a Function of Degree of Organization and Length of Study Period. Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (2):146.
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  10.  2
    Chris Robertson & Russell Ecob (2001). Age Period Cohort Analysis of Time Trends in Regional Mortality Rates in England, Wales and Scotland. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 7 (3):299-309.
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  11.  2
    R. C. Travis (1939). Length of the Practice Period and Efficiency in Motor Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 24 (3):339.
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  12.  1
    John H. Rohrer (1949). Factors Influencing the Occurrence of Reminiscence: Attempted Formal Rehearsal During the Interpolated Period. Journal of Experimental Psychology 39 (4):484.
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  13.  1
    Raluca Ciurcanu (2010). Jacob Neusner, Iudaismul în timpurile moderne/ Judaism during the Modern Period. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 4 (12):141-143.
    Jacob Neusner, Iudaismul în timpurile moderne Hasefer, Bucuresti, 2004.
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  14. Paul Bertelson & Francoise Tisseyre (1969). Refractory Period of C-Reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (1p1):122.
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  15. Lyle R. Creamer (1963). Event Uncertainty, Psychological Refractory Period, and Human Data Processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (2):187.
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  16. James H. Geer (1966). Effect of Interstimulus Intervals and Rest-Period Length Upon Habituation of the Orienting Response. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (4):617.
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  17. Vivienne Robison McClatchy (1925). The Optimal Position of a Rest Period in Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 8 (4):251.
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  18. Carroll T. White & Harold Schlosberg (1952). Degree of Conditioning of the GSR as a Function of the Period of Delay. Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (5):357.
  19.  24
    Hisashi Nakao, Kohei Tamura, Yui Arimatsu, Tomomi Nakagawa, Naoko Matsumoto & Takehiko Matsugi (2016). Violence in the Prehistoric Period of Japan: The Spatio-Temporal Pattern of Skeletal Evidence for Violence in the Jomon Period. Biology Letters 12:20160028.
    Whether man is predisposed to lethal violence, ranging from homicide to warfare, and how that may have impacted human evolution, are among the most controversial topics of debate on human evolution. Although recent studies on the evolution of warfare have been based on various archaeological and ethnographic data, they have reported mixed results: it is unclear whether or not warfare among prehistoric hunter–gatherers was common enough to be a component of human nature and a selective pressure for the evolution (...)
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  20.  20
    David Rowthorn, Cultural Incorporation in Nietzsche’s Middle Period.
    In this dissertation I defend the claim that Nietzsche’s middle period can be read as presenting a theory of cultural flourishing that has as its foundation the project of incorporating truth. The consciously experienced world is the product of a number of interpretive processes operating below the level of consciousness. The intentional structure of experience is universal to human beings, but the content of the resulting world is determined by inherited norms and inculcated associations. Culture in one sense refers (...)
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  21. Ilkka Niiniluoto (1998). Verisimilitude: The Third Period. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (1):1-29.
    The modern history of verisimilitude can be divided into three periods. The first began in 1960, when Karl Popper proposed his qualitative definition of what it is for one theory to be more truthlike than another theory, and lasted until 1974, when David Miller and Pavel Trich published their refutation of Popper's definition. The second period started immediately with the attempt to explicate truthlikeness by means of relations of similarity or resemblance between states of affairs (or their linguistic representations); (...)
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  22.  56
    Li Ji (1992). On the Philosophical Thought of Mao Zedong From the Founding of the Party to the Period of the Great Revolution (1921-1927). [REVIEW] Contemporary Chinese Thought 23 (3):247-257.
    From the perspective of philosophy, the study of Mao Zedong's thought and practice from the founding of the Party to the Great Revolution has now developed to a new stage. The study of political thought has progressed to the study of philosophical thought; the study of the philosophical thought in certain of his representative writings has progressed to the study of his philosophical thought in the entire historical period; and the study of the philosophical thought of Mao Zedong the (...)
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  23. I. Niiniluoto (1998). Survey Article. Verisimilitude: The Third Period. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (1):1-29.
    The modern history of verisimilitude can be divided into three periods. The first began in 1960, when Karl Popper proposed his qualitative definition of what it is for one theory to be more truthlike than another theory, and lasted until 1974, when David Miller and Pavel Trichý published their refutation of Popper's definition. The second period started immediately with the attempt to explicate truthlikeness by means of relations of similarity or resemblance between states of affairs (or their linguistic representations); (...)
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  24.  7
    Caroline L. Horton, Christopher J. A. Moulin & Martin A. Conway (2009). The Self and Dreams During a Period of Transition. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (3):710-717.
    The content of dreams and changes to the self were investigated in students moving to University. In study 1, 20 participants completed dream diaries and memory tasks before and after they had left home and moved to university, and generated self images, “I am…” statements , reflective of their current self. Changes in “I ams” were observed, indicating a newly-formed ‘university’ self. These self, images and related autobiographical knowledge were found to be incorporated into recent dreams but not into dreams (...)
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  25.  8
    Elizabeth R. Valentine (2012). Spooks and Spoofs Relations Between Psychical Research and Academic Psychology in Britain in the Inter-War Period. History of the Human Sciences 25 (2):67-90.
    This article describes the relations between academic psychology and psychical research in Britain during the inter-war period, in the context of the fluid boundaries between mainstream psychology and both psychical research and popular psychology. Specifically, the involvement with Harry Price of six senior academic psychologists: William McDougall, William Brown, J. C. Flugel, Cyril Burt, C. Alec Mace and Francis Aveling, is described. Personal, metaphysical and socio-historical factors in their collaboration are discussed. It is suggested that the main reason for (...)
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  26.  15
    Henk van den Belt (2011). The Collective Construction of a Scientific Fact: A Re-Examination of the Early Period of the Wassermann Reaction (1906–1912). [REVIEW] Social Epistemology 25 (4):311 - 339.
    Ludwik Fleck is widely recognized as a precursor of Science and Technology Studies, but his case study on the development of the Wassermann reaction as a test for detecting syphilis has never been subjected to detailed empirical scrutiny. The fact that Fleck?s monograph is based on a limited set of documentary sources makes his work vulnerable to uncharitable critics. The problematic relation between thought collective and individual scientists in Fleck?s theoretical approach is another reason for a systematic re-examination of his (...)
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  27.  18
    LarsOlov Bygren, Gunnar Kaati & Sören Edvinsson (2001). Longevity Determined by Paternal Ancestors' Nutrition During Their Slow Growth Period. Acta Biotheoretica 49 (1).
    Social circumstances often impinge on later generations in a socio-economic manner, giving children an uneven start in life. Overfeeding and overeating might not be an exception. The pathways might be complex but one direct mechanism could be genomic imprinting and loss of imprinting. An intergenerational "feedforward" control loop has been proposed, that links grandparental nutrition with the grandchild's growth. The mechanism has been speculated to be a specific response, e.g. to their nutritional state, directly modifying the setting of the gametic (...)
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  28.  54
    Ruth Abbey (2000). Nietzsche's Middle Period. Oxford University Press.
    Ruth Abbey presents a close study of Nietzsche's works, Human, All Too Human, Daybreak, and The Gay Science. Although these middle period works tend to be neglected in commentaries on Nietzsche, they repay careful attention. Abbey's commentary brings to light important differences across Nietzsche's oeuvre that have gone unnoticed, filling a serious gap in the literature.
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  29.  7
    R. H. Naylor (1977). Galileo's Theory of Motion: Processes of Conceptual Change in the Period 1604–1610. Annals of Science 34 (4):365-392.
    Summary One aim of this paper is to provide an assessment of the recent attempts to interpret the development of Galileo's theory of motion in the late Paduan period 1604?1610. In addition to this a new interpretation of this process of development is advanced. This interpretation is the first that proves able to provide a full account of all the features on folio 152r of volume 72 of the Galilean manuscripts which has been claimed to be of crucial significance. (...)
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  30.  2
    Teresa Laska-Mierzejewska & Elzbieta Olszewska (2006). Changes in the Biological Status of Polish Girls From a Rural Region Associated with Economic and Political Processes in the Period 1967–2001. Journal of Biosocial Science 38 (2):187-202.
    The age at menarche, body height and weight of the daughters of farmers, farmer1977, a time of economic development, a decrease in age at menarche (by 0.74 years) and a secular trend in body height (by 2.4 cm/decade) was observed. In 19772001, age at menarche decreased and body height increased by 0.28 years and 2.9 cm respectively. The percentage of families owning a car, freezer and video increased during this period. These last results are indicative of an improvement in (...)
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  31.  7
    Yin Ding (1985). The Two Basic Threads in the Early Period of Contemporary Chinese Thought. Contemporary Chinese Thought 17 (2):35-60.
    In studying the intricately woven history of ideological development, one must possess insight to be able to detect the basic threads that run through it and follow their rise and fall, and to understand them from a philosophical angle. After the start of the New Culture Movement around 1919, there was an ostensible reanimation of the ideological world comparable to pre-Qin times, when "a hundred schools of thought contended." A multitude of philosophical schools and trends appeared in a crisscrossing and (...)
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  32.  1
    Colin Farrelly (2014). Empirical Ethics and the Duty to Extend the “Biological Warranty Period”. Social Philosophy and Policy 30 (1-2):480-503.
    The world's aging populations face novel health challenges never experienced before in human history. The moral landscape thus needs to adapt to reflect this novel empirical reality. In this paper I take for granted one basic moral principle advanced by Peter Singer — a principle of preventing bad occurrences — and explore the implications that empirical considerations from demography, evolutionary biology, and biogerontology have for the way we conceive of fulfilling this principle at the operational level. After bringing to the (...)
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  33.  4
    Göran Blix (2006). Charting the "Transitional Period": The Emergence of Modern Time in the Nineteenth Century. History and Theory 45 (1):51–71.
    This paper seeks to chart a concept of historical experience that French Romantic writers first developed to describe their own relationship to historical time: the notion of the “transitional period.” At first, the term related strictly to the evolving periodic conception of history, one that required breaks, spaces, or zones of indeterminacy to bracket off periods imagined as organic wholes. These transitions, necessary devices in the new grammar of history, also began to attract interest on their own, conceived either (...)
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  34.  33
    Catherine M. Keesling (2005). Misunderstood Gestures: Iconatrophy and the Reception of Greek Sculpture in the Roman Imperial Period. Classical Antiquity 24 (1):41-79.
    Anthropologists have defined iconatrophy as a process by which oral traditions originate as explanations for objects that, through the passage of time, have ceased to make sense to their viewers. One form of iconatrophy involves the misinterpretation of statues' identities, iconography, or locations. Stories that ultimately derive from such misunderstandings of statues are Monument-Novellen, a term coined by Herodotean studies. Applying the concept of iconatrophy to Greek sculpture of the Archaic and Classical periods yields three possible examples in which statues (...)
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  35.  31
    Raul Corazzon, History of Ancient Logic in the Hellenistic Period.
    "General Survey. The succession of thinkers and schools. The history of ancient philosophy covers about eleven centuries, from Thales who lived during the sixth century B.C. to Boethius and Simplicius who flourished at the beginning of the sixth A.D. From the point of view of the history of formal logic this long epoch may be divided into three periods. (1) The pre-Aristotelian period, from the beginnings to the time at which Aristotle..
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  36.  10
    Trong Chuan Nguyen (2008). The Role of Philosophy In the Present Period of Globalization. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 49:49-58.
    In present global period, what help men to overcome difficulties, challenges, to emancipate them from defiance and suffering of their life, to meet their long-term needs of very day live are not only economy, modern technique and high technology, but including philosophy. Philosophy helps men to find out the key not only for all-time challenges, but also for brand new problems caused by process of globalization. Philosophy either helps men to realize their real status, to have worthy life-style of (...)
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  37.  29
    Jacques Barnea (2007). From Event-Driven to Period-Driven Voluntary Earnings Disclosure? A Value-Adding Disclosure Strategy. International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 3 (3):274-307.
    Research and practice of Voluntary Earnings Disclosure (VED) as a strategy are limited, notwithstanding its evidenced contribution to firm value. An emerging VED profile is identified, characterised and evaluated. Firms applying it regularly provide VED between quarterly earnings announcements. This profile is compared with the prevailing approach of issuing VED when warranted by events and/or when serving firm or management ad hoc interests. These firms' VEDs are found to be more regular, frequent, timely, and often with confirming content. Their VED (...)
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  38.  8
    Andrzej Głowacki & Zbigniew Zychowicz (1996). Educational Policy in Poland in the Period of Transition. The European Legacy 1 (2):674-679.
    (1996). Educational policy in Poland in the period of transition. The European Legacy: Vol. 1, Fourth International Conference of the International Society for the study of European Ideas, pp. 674-679.
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  39.  5
    James C. Mohr (2014). Before Bioethics: A History of American Medical Ethics From the Colonial Period to the Bioethics Revolution by Robert Baker (Review). Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 24 (3):1-6.
    The history of American medical ethics is a notoriously unwieldy field that encompasses an enormous amount of complex material. No single book can realistically analyze all of its dimensions in a genuinely scholarly fashion. But Robert Baker, one of the nation’s most distinguished professors in that field, has now provided the rest of us with an immensely helpful survey of one of its most important aspects: the evolution of what he terms “the formalized statements of medical morality” (164). Much (...)
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  40.  26
    Paul Vincent Spade (2009). A History of Hegelianism in Golden Age Denmark. Tome I, the Heiberg Period: 1824–1836 (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (1):pp. 150-151.
    This is the first of three “tomes” of Jon Stewart’s habilitationisskrift in philosophy at the University of Copenhagen; the second concerns The Martensen Period: 1837–1842, and the third Kierkegaard and the Left-Hegelian Period: 1842–1860. Together they make up volume 3 of Stewart’s series Danish Golden Age Studies . Their purpose is “to put forth the basic information about the Danish Hegel reception in a clear and readable fashion” . Such information needs to be put forth because, unlike Hegel’s (...)
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  41.  7
    Chen Weiping (1990). On the "Arriving at Principles From Numbers" Method of Thought in the Late-Ming, Early-Qing Period: A Look at the Nature of Late-Ming, Early-Qing Thought From One Angle. Contemporary Chinese Thought 22 (2):3-23.
    Late-Ming early-Qing thought stands astride the intersection of tradition and modernity. Therefore, the discussion of the nature of late-Ming early-Qing thought is a major topic in the investigation of how China's intellectual culture made the strides from tradition to modern times. The intention of this essay is to take a snapshot of one angle of late-Ming early-Qing thought—i.e., the genesis, formation, and death in infancy of the "arriving at principles from numbers" method of thinking—and use it to analyze specifically the (...)
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  42.  7
    Sarah Hutton (1996). Women Philosophers of the Early Modern Period. Journal of the History of Philosophy 34 (3):463-465.
    BOOK REVIEWS 463 awareness is included in every thought without need for a second thought of the first. Awareness of the object of thought could be connected with the volition, or judgment, that the thought represents some particular thing. Nadler's article deals with a related issue by concentrating on Malebranche, propos- ing that he is a kind of "direct realist." This is, of course, quite contrary to the spirit of most interpretations of Malebranche. The relevance of Nadler's thesis in this (...)
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  43.  6
    Colin Farrelly (2013). Empirical Ethics and the Duty to Extend the “Biological Warranty Period”. Social Philosophy and Policy 30 (1-2):480-503.
    The world's aging populations face novel health challenges never experienced before in human history. The moral landscape thus needs to adapt to reflect this novel empirical reality. In this paper I take for granted one basic moral principle advanced by Peter Singer and explore the implications that empirical considerations from demography, evolutionary biology, and biogerontology have for the way we conceive of fulfilling this principle at the operational level. After bringing to the fore a number of considerations that Singer ignores, (...)
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  44.  6
    Ilana Löwy (2005). Biotherapies of Chronic Diseases in the Inter-War Period: From Witte's Peptone to Penicillium Extract. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 36 (4):675-695.
    In the inter-war period physicians elaborated numerous ‘biotherapies’ grounded in the complex interactions between physiology, bacteriology and immunology. The elaboration of these non-specific biological treatments was stimulated by the theory of generalized anaphylaxis that linked the violent reaction to a foreign protein to a broad array of chronic diseases, from asthma and urticaria to rheumatism or chronic colitis. Such diseases were perceived as the result of an ‘abnormal reactivity’ to a sensitisation of tissues and organs by bacteria and by (...)
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  45.  18
    Luis Cabrera (2011). Underground Railroads: Citizen Entitlements and Unauthorized Mobility in the Antebellum Period and Today. Journal of Global Ethics 6 (3):223-238.
    In recent years, some scholars and prominent political figures have advocated the deepening of North American integration on roughly the European Union model, including the creation of new political institutions and the free movement of workers across borders. The construction of such a North American Union, if it included even a very thin trans-state citizenship regime, could represent the most significant expansion of individual entitlements in the region since citizenship was extended to former slaves in the United States. With such (...)
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  46.  2
    Teresa Salomé Alves Da Mota (2007). A Mere Shadow of an Institution: The Unhappy Story of the Portuguese Geological Survey (PGS) in the Period Between the Two World Wars. Annals of Science 64 (1):19-40.
    In the period between the two World Wars, the Portuguese Geological Survey was legally dependent on the General Directorate of Mines and Geological Survey . Portugal was then living through troubled times, and the PGS struggled with financial problems and a lack of technical personnel. This situation did not allow the PGS to work properly as a scientific institution, and achieve its main function: the making and publication of geological maps and research papers.
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  47.  2
    Ge Zhaoguang (2002). Elite Thought and General Knowledge During the Warring States Period: Technical Arts and Their Significance in Intellectual History. Contemporary Chinese Thought 33:66-86.
    The Warring States period was without doubt a time when reason thrived. The Confucians, Mohists, and Daoists, respectively, displayed three of its intellectual inclinations. One was reason with an exceptionally prominent moral flavor, and the cultivation of human character as its object. It calls on men to uphold the dignity, tranquillity, and loftiness of their inner selves. One was reason with a very strong practical flavor, and the realization of beneficent profit as its object. It leads men to address (...)
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  48.  16
    Leslie E. Blumenson (1987). How Would a Latent Period for Early Breast Cancer Affect the Benefit of Screening? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2):169-182.
    The ideal goal of a screening program for breast cancer is to detect the disease at a stage when it is still curable by a simple lumpectomy. This goal would be possible if the tumor had an early latent period before it was vascularized. However, even if there existed a harmless screening examination that was sensitive enough to discover the cancer at this stage the benefit to be gained from a screening program would be highly dependent on the time (...)
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  49.  4
    Isa Mahmoud Al-Azzam, Sobhi Mahmoud Alazzam & Khalid Mahmoud Al-Mazyid (2013). Plagues, Epidemics and Their Social and Economic Impact on the Egyptian Society During the Mameluke Period (648 Hegira/1250 AD-923 Hegira/1517 AD). [REVIEW] Asian Culture and History 5 (2):p87.
    The study aims at shedding light on plagues and epidemics that hit Egypt during the Mameluke period through describing the plague disease and the plagues and epidemics that hit Egypt and the social and economic impact on the Egyptian society. The study is based on some historical sources that are contemporary of the Mameluke period, especially the book "Al-Suluk li-marifatiduwal Al-muluk" by Al- Maqrizi and we reach the following conclusions through this research:- Plagues are bacterial and lethal epidemics (...)
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  50.  4
    Liu Zehua (1990). The Contending Among the Hundred Schools of Thought During the Warring States Period and the Development of the Theory of Monarchical Autocracy. Contemporary Chinese Thought 22 (1):58-87.
    In general, the phenomenon of the momentary emergence of many schools of thought and philosophies at about the same time and the contention and debate among them, creating a great deal of "noise"—the phenomenon often referred to in Chinese history and culture as Baijia zhengming —is considered to be something that promotes freedom of thought and social democracy and, in turn, is promoted by them. However, if we were to turn the pages of history to the section on the Warring (...)
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