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Summary Bertrand Russell (1872-1970) is widely considered one of the most important British philosophers of the 20th Century, and one of the principal founders of analytic philosophy. He is known for advocating the use of symbolic logic in philosophical studies, inspired by his own investigations into the foundations of mathematics and advocacy of logicism, the thesis that mathematical truths are logical truths. Russell is known for his work in the theory of meaning, especially his theory of definite and indefinite descriptions, his use of an analytical philosophical methodology, his advocacy of a stark realist metaphysics, and his arguments in favor of universals. He also wrote widely on other areas of philosophy, including epistemology, ethics and even the history of philosophy.
Key works Russell's first major philosophical work, The Principles of Mathematics (Russell 1903), introduced not just his logicist views in the philosophy of mathematics, but a general analytic metaphysics and philosophical logic. Its project came to fruition in the three volume Russell & Whitehead 1925 (first edition 1910–1913) in which symbolic logic is used to derive the basic principles of mathematics. Russell’s famous article “On Denoting” (Russell 1905) introduced his theory of descriptions. His views on other philosophical matters are explored in works such as The Problems of Philosophy (Russell 1912), Our Knowledge of the External World (Russell 1914), The Philosophy of Logical Atomism (Russell 1985), The Analysis of Mind (Russell 1921), The Analysis of Matter (Russell 1927), An Outline of Philosophy (Russell 2009), and Human Knowledge: Its Scope and Limits (Russell 2009).
Introductions Landini 2010; Irvine 2008; Griffin 2003; Pears 1972; Ayer 1974.
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  1. Russell L. Ackoff (1949). An Educational Program for the Philosophy of Science. Philosophy of Science 16 (2):154-157.
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  2. Russell L. Ackoff (1949). On a Science of Ethics. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 9 (4):663-672.
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  3. Russell L. Ackoff (1948). Discussion. Philosophy of Science 15 (2):116-117.
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  4. Russell L. Ackoff (1946). Towards an Interpretation of Contemporary Philosophy. Philosophy of Science 13 (2):131-136.
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  5. Russell L. Ackoff & Sheldon Rovin (2006). On the Ethical Use of Power and Political Behavior to Lead Systemic Change. In Francis M. Duffy (ed.), Power, Politics, and Ethics in School Districts: Dynamic Leadership for Systemic Change. Rowman & Littlefield Education.
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  6. Mafizuddin Ahmed (1989). Bertrand Russell's Neutral Monism. Mittal Publications.
  7. Henry David Aiken (1946). Mr. Demos and the Dogmatism of Mr. Russell. Journal of Philosophy 43 (8):214-217.
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  8. Lillian Woodworth Aiken (1963). Bertrand Russell's Philosophy of Morals. New York, Humanities Press.
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  9. John Aldrich (1981). Book Review:Collective Decision Making: Applications From Public Choice Theory. Clifford S. Russell. [REVIEW] Ethics 92 (1):164-.
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  10. Russell Aldwinckle, Eugene Thomas Long, Brendan E. A. Liddell & John Howie (1983). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 14 (4):253-256.
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  11. Edward Scribner Ames (1931). Book Review:The Conquest of Happiness. Bertrand Russell. [REVIEW] Ethics 41 (3):380-.
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  12. Irving H. Anellis (2009). Russell and His Sources for Non-Classical Logics. Logica Universalis 3 (2):153-218.
    My purpose here is purely historical. It is not an attempt to resolve the question as to whether Russell did or did not countenance nonclassical logics, and if so, which nonclassical logics, and still less to demonstrate whether he himself contributed, in any manner, to the development of nonclassical logic. Rather, I want merely to explore and insofar as possible document, whether, and to what extent, if any, Russell interacted with the various, either the various candidates or their, ideas that (...)
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  13. Irving H. Anellis (1987). Russell and Engels: Two Approaches to a Hegelian Philosophy of Mathematics. Philosophia Mathematica (2):151-179.
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  14. Irving H. Anellis (1987). Russell's Earliest Interpretation of Cantorian Set Theory, 1896–1900. Philosophia Mathematica (1):1-31.
  15. Leslie Armour (1979). Russell, McTaggart, and “I”. Idealistic Studies 9 (1):66-76.
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  16. Richard J. Arneson (1984). Book Review:Collective Action. Russell Hardin. [REVIEW] Ethics 94 (2):336-.
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  17. Jamin Asay (2013). The Primitivist Theory of Truth. Cambridge University Press.
    Jamin Asay's book offers a fresh and daring perspective on the age-old question 'What is truth?', with a comprehensive articulation and defence of primitivism, the view that truth is a fundamental and indefinable concept. Often associated with Frege and the early Russell and Moore, primitivism has been largely absent from the larger conversation surrounding the nature of truth. Asay defends primitivism by drawing on a range of arguments from metaphysics, philosophy of language and philosophy of logic, and navigates between correspondence (...)
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  18. A. J. Ayer (1974). Russell. Woburn Press.
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  19. A. J. Ayer (1971). Russell and Moore. Cambridge,Harvard University Press.
  20. Kent Bach, Comparing Frege and Russell.
    Frege's and Russell's views are obviously different, but because of certain superficial similarities in how they handle certain famous puzzles about proper names, they are often assimilated. Where proper names are concerned, both Frege and Russell are often described together as "descriptivists." But their views are fundamentally different. To see that, let's look at the puzzle of names without bearers, as it arises in the context of Mill's purely referential theory of proper names, aka the 'Fido'-Fido theory.
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  21. Kent Bach (1983). Russell Was Right (Almost). Synthese 54 (2):189 - 207.
    I defend russell's main views on names and descriptions against recent objections. Ordinary names are not logically proper names (or rigid designators) but really are disguised descriptions (of the form "the bearer of "n""). And russell's theory of descriptions really works. The common objections to russell all suffer from a confusion of use with meaning. However, Russell was wrong to think that there are or need to be any logically proper names (at least for particulars). That is because, So I (...)
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  22. Shaun Baker, Eileen Carroll Sweeney, Sarah Patterson, Roger Ariew, George S. Pappas, Dudley Knowles & Gideon Makin (2005). History of Philosophy. Philosophical Books 46 (2):138-151.
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  23. Thomas Baldwin (2010). Russell on Memory. Principia 5 (1-2):187-208.
    Russell famously propounded scepticism about memory in The Analysis of Mind (1921). As he there acknowledged, one way to counter this sceptical position is to hold that memory involves direct acquaintance with past, and this is in fact a thesis Russell had advanced in The Problems of Philosophy (1911). Indeed he had there used the case of memory to develop a sophisticated fallibilist, non-sceptical, epistemology. By 1921, however, Russell had rejected the early conception of memory as incompatible with the neutral (...)
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  24. Thomas Baldwin (1993). Nicholas Griffin on Russell's Idealist Apprenticeship. Dialogue 32 (03):613-.
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  25. Sidney Ball (1896). Book Review:The Social Contract. J. J. Rousseau; Annals of the British Peasantry. Russell M. Garnier; Economics and Socialism. F. A. Laycock; The Better Administration of the Poor Law. W. Chance; The Local Control of the Liquor Traffic. Arthur H. Boyden; The Socialist State. E. C. K. Gonner. [REVIEW] Ethics 6 (2):258-.
  26. Nandita Bandyopadhyay (1988). Being, Meaning, and Proposition: A Comparative Study of Bhartṛhari, Russell, Frege, and Strawson. Sanskrit Pustak Bhandar.
  27. Gilead Bar-Elli (1980). Constituents and Denotation in Russell. Theoria 46 (1):37-51.
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  28. H. Barker, William L. Davidson, W. H. Winch, W. P. Paterson, G. R. T. Ross, F. C. S. Schiller, G. Dawes Hicks, B. Russell, M. D. & A. W. Benn (1905). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 14 (53):116-131.
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  29. Albert C. Barnes (1944). The Case of Bertrand Russell Versus Democracy and Education. A. C. Barnes.
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  30. Ronald Beanblossom (1978). Russell's Indebtedness to Reid. The Monist 61 (2):192-204.
  31. M. Beaney (2009). Review: Rosalind Carey: Russell and Wittgenstein on the Nature of Judgement. [REVIEW] Mind 118 (470):453-459.
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  32. Hugo A. Bedau (1958). Book Review:Logic and Knowledge: Essays 1901-1950 Bertrand Russell, Robert Charles Marsh. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 25 (2):136-.
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  33. David R. Bell (1972). Bertrand Russell. Valley Forge, Pa.,Judson Press.
  34. P. R. Bell (1981). Russell By R. M. Sainsbury Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1979, Xiv + 348 Pp., £13.95. [REVIEW] Philosophy 56 (216):271-.
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  35. A. Cornelius Benjamin (1927). The Logical Atomism of Bertrand Russell. [S.N.].
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  36. Gustav Bergmann (1947). Russell on Particulars. Philosophical Review 56 (1):59-72.
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  37. Rod Bertolet (1982). Russell and Strawson, Indexical and Improper Descriptions. Theoria 48 (2):90-98.
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  38. Jason Beyer (2001). Russell on Religion. Teaching Philosophy 24 (2):175-178.
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  39. F. Russell Bichowsky (1921). The Basic Assumption of Experimental Science. Journal of Philosophy 18 (11):295-301.
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  40. F. Russell Bichowsky (1919). The Concepts of Class, System, and Logical System. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 16 (19):518-522.
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  41. F. E. Binet (1954). Notes on a Remark by Lord Russell. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 5 (17):67-70.
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  42. Ken Binmore (1991). Morality Within the Limits of Reason., Russell Hardin. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988, Xx + 219 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 7 (01):112-119.
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  43. Russell Blackford (2006). Dr. Frankenstein Meets Lord Devlin: Genetic Engineering and the Principle of Intangible Harm. The Monist 89 (4):526-547.
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  44. Larry Lee Blackman (1983). Russell on the Relations of Universals and Particulars. Philosophy Research Archives 9:265-278.
    In his 1911 paper, “On the Relations of Universals and Particulars,” Bertrand Russell supposes the question whether universals are spatial or non spatial turns on the question of the existence of particulars. If particulars could be shown to exist, then since, according to Russell, they obviously are spatial, the non-spatiality of universals would be established. On the other hand, the denial of the existence of particulars would entail the spatiality of universals.In this paper, I argue that Russell’s claim is plausible (...)
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  45. Kenneth Blackwell (1994). A Bibliography of Bertrand Russell. Routledge.
    v. 1. Separate publications, 1896-1990 -- v. 2. Serial publications, 1890-1990 -- v. 3. Indexes.
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  46. Kenneth Blackwell (1992). A Detailed Catalogue of the Second Archives of Bertrand Russell. Thoemmes Press.
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  47. Kenneth Blackwell (1985). The Spinozistic Ethics of Bertrand Russell. Allen & Unwin.
    Bertrand Russell’s professional philosophical reputation rests mainly on his mathematical logic and theory of knowledge. In this study, first published in 1985, however, Kenneth Blackwell considers Russell’s writings on ethics and metaethics and uncovers the conceptual unity in Russell’s normative ethic. He traces that unity to the influence of Spinoza’s central ethical concept, the ‘intellectual love of God’, and then evaluates the ethic which he terms ‘impersonal self-enlargement’. The introduction discusses the metaethical background to Russell’s ethic and the difficulties inherent (...)
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  48. Kenneth Blackwell (1969). The Importance to Philosophers of the Bertrand Russell Archive. Dialogue 7 (04):608-615.
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  49. Kenneth Blackwell, Nicholas Griffin & Bernard Linsky (eds.) (2011). Principia Mathematica at 100. Bertrand Russell Research Centre.
  50. Brand Blanshard (1969). Bertrand Russell in Retrospect. Dialogue 7 (04):584-607.
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