Results for 'C. A. Womack'

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  1.  32
    Public Health and Obesity: When a Pound of Prevention Really Is Worth an Ounce of Cure.C. A. Womack - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (3):222-228.
    In this response to Jonny Anomaly’s ‘Is Obesity a Public Health Problem?’ I argue, contra the author that public health actually increases individuals’ abilities to choose actions that further their health goals, specifically in the case of obesity. The intractability of obesity as an individual medical problem combined with the health benefits of modest (5–10 per cent of body weight) weight loss suggest that public health measures helping people make small changes in eating habits improve population health. I argue that (...)
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  2.  12
    Questioning the Idea of the Individual as an Autonomous Moral Agent.C. A. Bowers - 2012 - Journal of Moral Education 41 (3):301-310.
    This paper examines ways in which current moral values are influenced by earlier patterns of thinking carried forward in root metaphors whose meanings were often framed by the analogues settled upon in the past by thinkers who were influenced by the silences and prejudices of their culture. It is argued that such tacitly inherited metaphors reproduce the myth of the individual as a moral agent and that this both is ecologically unsustainable and undermines other important ways of understanding the individual. (...)
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  3.  42
    The Dynamics of Framing Environmental Values and Policy: Four Models of Societal Processes.C. A. Miller - 2000 - Environmental Values 9 (2):211-233.
    While the subject of framing has achieved considerable recognition recently among social scientists and policy analysts, less attention has been given to how societies arrive at stable, collective frames of meaning for environmental values and policy. This paper proposes four models of societal processes by which framing occurs: narration, modelling, canonisation and normalisation. These four models are developed, compared, and explored in detail through a case study of the framing of the impacts of climate change on human societies in US (...)
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  4.  74
    A Commentary on Kant’s Critique of Practical Reason.A. R. C. Duncan - 1961 - Philosophical Review 70 (4):560-562.
    When this work was first published in 1960, it immediately filled a void in Kantian scholarship. It was the first study entirely devoted to Kant's _Critique of Practical Reason_ and by far the most substantial commentary on it ever written. This landmark in Western philosophical literature remains an indispensable aid to a complete understanding of Kant's philosophy for students and scholars alike. This _Critique_ is the only writing in which Kant weaves his thoughts on practical reason into a unified argument. (...)
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  5. C.S. Lewis: A Companion and Guide.Walter Hooper & David C. Downing - 1998 - Utopian Studies 9 (2):276-278.
  6.  25
    T. H. Green’s Philosophical Manuscripts: An Annotated Catalog.C. A. Smith - 1979 - Idealistic Studies 9 (2):178-184.
    T. H. Green was born April 7, 1836, and died in his forty-seventh year on March 26, 1882. He was appointed to lecture in ancient and modern history at Balliol College on April 11, 1860, and was awarded a fellowship at Balliol on November 30th of that year. For the last four years of his life, he was Whyte’s Professor of Moral Philosophy, Oxford University. Apart from one short interruption as an assistant commissioner of schools and several as a result (...)
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  7.  6
    T. H. Green’s Philosophical Manuscripts: An Annotated Catalog.C. A. Smith - 1979 - Idealistic Studies 9 (2):178-184.
    T. H. Green was born April 7, 1836, and died in his forty-seventh year on March 26, 1882. He was appointed to lecture in ancient and modern history at Balliol College on April 11, 1860, and was awarded a fellowship at Balliol on November 30th of that year. For the last four years of his life, he was Whyte’s Professor of Moral Philosophy, Oxford University. Apart from one short interruption as an assistant commissioner of schools and several as a result (...)
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  8.  79
    The Naked Emperor: Seeking a More Plausible Genetic Basis for Psychological Altruism: C. Daniel Batson.C. Daniel Batson - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (2):149-164.
    The adequacy of currently popular accounts of the genetic basis for psychological altruism, including inclusive fitness, reciprocal altruism, sociality, and group selection, is questioned. Problems exist both with the evidence cited as supporting these accounts and with the relevance of the accounts to what is being explained. Based on the empathy-altruism hypothesis, a more plausible account is proposed: generalized parental nurturance. It is suggested that four evolutionary developments combined to provide a genetic basis for psychological altruism. First is the evolution (...)
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  9.  78
    Toward a Better Understanding of the Positive/Normative Distinction in Economics: Samuel C. Weston.Samuel C. Weston - 1994 - Economics and Philosophy 10 (1):1-17.
    This essay argues in favor of retaining the positive/normative distinction in economics, in spite of developments in methodology and epistemology that have cast doubt on the possibility of a “value-free” economics. The central claim is that it is worthwhile to distinguish between positive economic analysis and normative judgments, even if economics is viewed as being permeated with ethical values. This argument is presented without trying either to demonstrate that there is a profound epistemological difference between science and ethics or to (...)
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  10. Game Theory: A Practitioner's Approach: Thomas C. Schelling.Thomas C. Schelling - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (1):27-46.
    To a practitioner in the social sciences, game theory primarily helps to identify situations in which interdependent decisions are somehow problematic; solutions often require venturing into the social sciences. Game theory is usually about anticipating each other's choices; it can also cope with influencing other's choices. To a social scientist the great contribution of game theory is probably the payoff matrix, an accounting device comparable to the equals sign in algebra.
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  11.  19
    Practical Wisdom in Complex Medical Practices: A Critical Proposal.C. M. M. L. Bontemps-Hommen, A. Baart & F. T. H. Vosman - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (1):95-105.
    In recent times, daily, ordinary medical practices have incontrovertibly been developing under the condition of complexity. Complexity jeopardizes the moral core of practicing medicine: helping people, with their illnesses and suffering, in a medically competent way. Practical wisdom has been proposed as part of the solution to navigate complexity, aiming at the provision of morally good care. Practical wisdom should help practitioners to maneuver in complexity, where the presupposed linear ways of operating prove to be insufficient. However, this solution is (...)
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  12.  57
    The Morality of Terrorism: C. A. J. Coady.C. A. J. Coady - 1985 - Philosophy 60 (231):47-69.
    There is a strong tendency in the scholarly and sub-scholarly literature on terrorism to treat it as something like an ideology. There is an equally strong tendency to treat it as always immoral. Both tendencies go hand in hand with a considerable degree of unclarity about the meaning of the term ‘terrorism’. I shall try to dispel this unclarity and I shall argue that the first tendency is the product of confusion and that once this is understood, we can see, (...)
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  13. Chinese Architecture and Town Planning 1500 B. C. -A. D. 1911.Andrew Boyd - 1964 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 22 (3):351-352.
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  14.  30
    C. A. J. COADY, "Testimony: A Philosophical Study".J. L. Gorman & C. A. J. Coady - 1994 - History and Theory 33 (2):230.
  15.  39
    Kuhn's Paradigms and Neoclassical Economics: A Comment: Sheila C. Dow.Sheila C. Dow - 1994 - Economics and Philosophy 10 (1):119-122.
  16.  24
    Looking Beyond Labeling: From Calories to Construction of New Menus and Venues for Healthier Eating.Catherine A. Womack - 2015 - Public Health Ethics 8 (1):103-105.
    Calorie labeling on menus is one of the more recent public health responses to calls for increased access to nutrition information. The goal is to encourage consumers to make more healthy food choices. In this commentary on ‘Equity in Public Health Ethics: The Case of Menu Labelling Policy at the Local Level’, I focus first on research supporting health equity-directed goals for menu labeling policies; then I turn to the issue of challenges and opportunities for menu labeling as a part (...)
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  17.  6
    Consumer-Driven and Commercialised Practice in Dentistry: An Ethical and Professional Problem?A. C. L. Holden - 2018 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 21 (4):583-589.
    The rise and persistence of a commercial model of healthcare and the potential shift towards the commodification of dental services, provided to consumers, should provoke thought about the nature and purpose of dentistry and whether this paradigm is cause for concern. Within this article, whether dentistry is a commodity and the legitimacy of dentistry as a business is explored and assessed. Dentistry is perceived to be a commodity, dependent upon the context of how services are to be provided and the (...)
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  18.  69
    God, Hume and Natural Belief: J. C. A. Gaskin.J. C. A. Gaskin - 1974 - Philosophy 49 (189):281-294.
    Hume's doctrine of natural belief allows that certain beliefs are justifiably held by all men without regard to the quality of the evidence which may be produced in their favour. Examples are belief in an external world and belief in the veracity of our senses. According to R. J. Butler, Hume argues in the Dialogues that belief in God is of this sort. More recently John Hick has argued that for some people it is as natural to believe in God (...)
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  19. Testimony: A Philosophical Study.C. A. J. Coady - 1992 - Oxford University Press.
    Our trust in the word of others is often dismissed as unworthy, because the illusory ideal of "autonomous knowledge" has prevailed in the debate about the nature of knowledge. Yet we are profoundly dependent on others for a vast amount of what any of us claim to know. Coady explores the nature of testimony in order to show how it might be justified as a source of knowledge, and uses the insights that he has developed to challenge certain widespread assumptions (...)
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  20.  56
    Feminist Bioethics Meets Experimental Philosophy: Embracing the Qualitative and Experiential.Catherine Womack & Norah Mulvaney-Day - 2012 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 5 (1):113-132.
    Experimental philosophy (henceforth called X-Phi) represents a departure in methodology from standard twentieth-century philosophy; instead of privileging intuitions of professional philosophers to analyze philosophical concepts such as moral responsibility, knowledge, or intentional action, X-Phi catalogs and analyzes the intuitions of ordinary folk1 about scenarios designed to uncover the content of those concepts as found in standard usage. It formulates explanations of those intuitions that may reveal more complex and nuanced accounts of those same philosophical concepts. X-philosophers work to understand the (...)
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  21.  35
    A Semantical Analysis of the Calculi C N.Newton C. A. Da Costa & E. H. Alves - 1977 - Notre Dame Journal Fo Formal Logic 18 (4):621-630.
  22.  35
    A History Of Greek Economic Thought. [REVIEW]A. C. Pearson - 1919 - The Classical Review 33 (3-4):74-75.
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  23.  8
    A Reconstruction of the Old Latin Text or Texts of the Gospels Used by Saint Augustine, with a Study of Their Character. By C. H. Milne, M.A. One Vol. Pp. Xxix+177. Cambridge: University Press, 1926. 10s. 6d. [REVIEW]A. Souter - 1927 - The Classical Review 41 (1):46-46.
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  24.  50
    A Reconstruction of the Old Latin Text or Texts of the Gospels Used by Saint Augustine, with a Study of Their Character. By C. H. Milne, M.A. One Vol. Pp. Xxix+177. Cambridge: University Press, 1926. 10s. 6d. [REVIEW]A. Souter - 1927 - The Classical Review 41 (1):45-46.
  25.  50
    Obesity, Identity and Community: Leveraging Social Networks for Behavior Change in Public Health.Norah Mulvaney-Day & Catherine A. Womack - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (3):250-260.
    Obesity is a public health problem influenced by behavioral patterns that span an ecological spectrum of individual-level factors, social network factors and environmental factors. Both individual and environmental approaches necessarily include significant influences from social networks, but how and under what conditions social networks influence behavior change is often not clearly mapped out either in the obesity literature or in many intervention designs. In this paper, we provide an analysis of recent empirical work in obesity research that explicates social network (...)
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  26.  5
    A Pathway for Wisdom-Focused Education.Igor Grossmann & Alex C. Huynh - 2020 - Journal of Moral Education 49 (1):9-29.
    ABSTRACTInterest in the topic of wisdom-focused education has so far not resulted in empirically validated programs for teaching wisdom. To start filling this void, we explore the emerging empirical evidence concerning the fundamental elements required for understanding how one can foster wisdom, with a particular focus on wise reasoning. We define wise reasoning through a combination of intellectual humility, recognition of world in flux/change, open-mindedness to diverse viewpoints, and search for compromise/integration of diverse perspectives. In this article, we review evidence (...)
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  27.  24
    The WTP/WTA Discrepancy: A Preliminary Qualitative Examination.A. C. Burton, S. M. Chilton & M. K. Jones - 2000 - Environmental Values 9 (4):481-491.
    This paper explores the psychological foundations of the 'Willingness to Pay/Willingness to Accept' discrepancy. Using a qualitative approach we find that the two response modes appear to invoke different strategies for completion. An examination of the heuristics used by respondents to answer questions concerning the buying and selling of the chance to play a straightforward lottery shows that only some could be taken as supporting current theories which aim to explain the discrepancy.
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  28.  42
    Representational Mind: A Study of Kant’s Theory of Knowledge. [REVIEW]A. C. Genova - 1986 - Idealistic Studies 16 (2):164-166.
    Do Anglo-American Kant scholars typically relegate Kant’s claims about sensation, intuition, and perception to a provisional or precritical status and focus instead on the Transcendental Deduction, the second edition Refutation of Idealism, and the Analogies of Experience? Are the issues that concern these recent interpreters more appropriate to contemporary problems of meaning and reference in semantics rather than to what was of central concern to Kant? Are such approaches basically one-sided and anachronistic unless supplemented by a phenomenologically oriented interpretation? To (...)
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  29.  21
    The Roman Army 31 B.C.-A.D. 337. [REVIEW]Richard Alston - 1995 - The Classical Review 45 (2):336-338.
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  30.  5
    Cicero: Philippics. Translated by W. C. A. Ker. Pp. Xi + 654. London: Heinemann, 1926. 10s. [REVIEW]M. Cary - 1927 - The Classical Review 41 (4):153-153.
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  31.  2
    Toward a Philosophy of Science Policy: Approaches and Issues.C. Mitcham & R. Frodeman - 2004 - Philosophy Today 48 (5):3-15.
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  32.  1
    Analogy as a Catalyst for Cumulative Cultural Evolution.C. O. Brand, A. Mesoudi & P. E. Smaldino - 2021 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 25 (6):450-461.
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  33.  49
    The Purposive Unity of Kant’s Critical Idealism.A. C. Genova - 1975 - Idealistic Studies 5 (2):177-189.
    In my original confrontation with Kant’s first Critique, although essentially sympathetic with its import, I found myself deploring his use of certain expressions such as “things in themselves,” “noumena,” “intuitive understanding,” “supersensible,” etc. It seemed to me that he could have made his basically positivistic point without calling up vestiges of absolute realities or eternal verities. When I turned to his second critical enterprise, it sometimes seemed as if he were letting God, freedom, and immortality step in the philosophical back (...)
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  34.  59
    Why Should We Care About Group Inequality?: GLENN C. LOURY.Glenn C. Loury - 1987 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (1):249-271.
    This essay is about the ethical propriety and practical efficacy of a range of policy undertakings which, in the last twenty years, has come to be referred to as “affirmative action.” These policies have been contentious and problematic, and a variety of arguments have been advanced in their support. Here I try to close a gap, as I see it, in this “literature of justification” which has grown up around the practice of preferential treatment. My principal argument along these lines (...)
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  35.  29
    Leadership: A Discussion About Ethics.Joseph C. Rost - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (1):129-142.
    In this article, the author lists three problems that make any serious discussion about the ethics of leadership a very difficult undertaking. He then proposes a new, postindustrial paradigm of leadership. Using that understanding of leadership, two different sets of ethical analyses of leadership are possible: those concerned with the process of leadership and those concerned with the content of leadership. In the end, the author suggests that the industrial paradigm of ethics is inadequate to deal with the ethical decision (...)
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  36.  19
    Caritas in Veritate and ‘The Crisis in Global Capitalism’. [REVIEW]A. M. C. Waterman - 2014 - Journal of Catholic Social Thought 11 (2):501-514.
  37.  8
    A Definition Of Human Death Should Not Be Related To Organ Transplants.C. Machado, I. Kerridge, P. Saul, M. Lowe & J. McPhee - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (3):201-202.
    Kerridge et al recently published a paper in the journal about organ transplantation and the diagnosis of death.1 Although I appreciate the authors’ efforts to present their arguments about such a controversial issue, I found some inconsistencies in this article that I would like to discussWhen Kerridge and his collaborators discussed the origins of the concept of brain death, they emphasised that after the report of the medical consultants on the diagnosis of death to the US President’s Commission was published (...)
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  38.  29
    Alfarabi, Avicenna, and Averroes, on Intellect: Their Cosmologies, Theories of the Active Intellect, and Theories of Human Intellect.Richard C. Taylor & Herbert A. Davidson - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (3):482.
    After a very brief introduction, Davidson begins with an informed and detailed account of the views of Aristotle and his major commentators, whose writings had enormous influence on the development of the medieval traditions. Davidson's account is supplemented with a critical exposition of the relevant teachings from the Plotiniana Arabica, from al-Kindi, and from a treatise on the soul attributed to Porphyry in the Arabic tradition. Impressive as all this is, it is simply stage setting for Davidson's detailed accounts of (...)
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  39.  33
    Collingwood and Historical Testimony: C. A. J. Coady.C. A. J. Coady - 1975 - Philosophy 50 (194):409-424.
    Although there are many different philosophical hares that could be started by the use of the term ‘historical fact’ I am interested in pursuing one that is related to the historian's attitude to testimony. By way of preliminary, however, I should say something about my use of the word ‘fact’. A contrast that sets off my use best is probably that between fact and theory. This distinction is at once methodological and epistemological in that it concerns the structure of inquiry (...)
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  40.  30
    The Meaning of Meaning: A Study of the Influence of Language Upon Thought and of the Science of Symbolism.W. C. Swabey - 1924 - Philosophical Review 33 (2):222-223.
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  41.  31
    C. A. Mace: Selected Papers.Antony Flew, C. A. Mace & Marjorie Mace - 1973 - Philosophical Quarterly 23 (93):371.
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  42.  97
    Unto Others: A Service... And a Disservice.C. Daniel Batson - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (1-2):207-210.
    Sober and Wilson (1998) render a valuable service by bringing together discussions of evolutionary altruism and psychological altruism. They do a disservice by interpreting the results of experiments designed to test for the existence of psychological altruism as less conclusive than the data warrant. Sober and Wilson claim that new egoistic explanations can account for the existing experimental evidence, but they only offer explanations that have already been ruled out. Insofar as I know, no plausible egoistic explanation currently exists for (...)
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  43.  11
    The Rhesus of Euripides. Edited by W. H. Porter, M.A. With Introduction and Notes. Second Edition Revised and Enlarged. Cambridge : University Press, 1929. 3s. 6d. [REVIEW]A. C. Pearson - 1929 - The Classical Review 43 (6):235-235.
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  44.  17
    A New Stoicism.Paula Gottlieb & Lawrence C. Becker - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (1):92.
    The aim of Becker’s book is to bring stoicism up to date and to defend a contemporary stoic ethical theory against the prejudices of the skeptical modern reader. Becker imagines what would have happened if stoicism had had a continuous history from ancient times to the present. Since the stoics are thoroughgoing naturalists, according to Becker, they would have incorporated the insights of modern biology and psychology into their theory. They would have abandoned their teleological view of the universe and (...)
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  45. Towards a General Theory of Reduction. Part I: Historical and Scientific Setting.C. A. Hooker - 1981 - Dialogue 20 (1):38-59.
  46. A Systematic Review of Electrophysiological Findings in Binge-Purge Eating Disorders: A Window Into Brain Dynamics.Joao C. Hiluy, Isabel A. David, Adriana F. C. Daquer, Monica Duchesne, Eliane Volchan & Jose C. Appolinario - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Binge-purge eating disorders, such as bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder, may share some neurobiological features. Electroencephalography is a non-invasive measurement modality that may aid in research and diagnosis of BP-ED. We conducted a systematic review of the literature on EEG findings in BP-ED, seeking to summarize and analyze the current evidence, as well as identify shortcomings and gaps to inform new perspectives for future studies. Following PRISMA Statement recommendations, the PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases were searched using (...)
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  47.  16
    A Realistic Theory of Science.C. A. HOOKER - 1987 - State University of New York Press.
    This book presents a clear and critical view of the orthodox logical empiricist tradition, pointing the way to significant developments for the understanding of science both as research and as culture.
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  48.  35
    S. Ambrosii De Nabuthae. A Commentary, with an Introduction and Translation. By Martin R. P. Mcguire, A.M. Pp. Xx + 249. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America, 1927. [REVIEW]A. Souter - 1928 - The Classical Review 42 (4):151-152.
  49.  1
    Universities: American, English, German.A. C. F. Beales - 1969 - British Journal of Educational Studies 17 (1):101-101.
  50.  31
    The logical structure of mathematical physics.C. A. Hooker - 1975 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 37 (1):151-152.
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