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John Woods [216]John Hayden Woods [4]John E. Woods [3]John H. Woods [1]
Johnny Woods [1]John A. Woods [1]
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John Woods
Illinois Mathematics And Science Acadamy
  1.  13
    Truth in Fiction: Rethinking its Logic.John Woods - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
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  2. Aims of Education: A Conceptual Inquiry.Richard S. Peters, John Woods & William H. Dray - forthcoming - The Philosophy of Education.
     
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  3.  63
    Enthymematic Parsimony.Fabio Paglieri & John Woods - 2011 - Synthese 178 (3):461 - 501.
    Enthymemes are traditionally defined as arguments in which some elements are left unstated. It is an empirical fact that enthymemes are both enormously frequent and appropriately understood in everyday argumentation. Why is it so? We outline an answer that dispenses with the so called "principle of charity", which is the standard notion underlying most works on enthymemes. In contrast, we suggest that a different force drives enthymematic argumentation—namely, parsimony, i.e. the tendency to optimize resource consumption, in light of the agent's (...)
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  4. Advice on Abductive Logic.Dov Gabbay & John Woods - 2006 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 14 (2):189-219.
    One of our purposes here is to expose something of the elementary logical structure of abductive reasoning, and to do so in a way that helps orient theorists to the various tasks that a logic of abduction should concern itself with. We are mindful of criticisms that have been levelled against the very idea of a logic of abduction; so we think it prudent to proceed with a certain diffidence. That our own account of abduction is itself abductive is methodological (...)
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  5. Paradox and Paraconsistency: Conflict Resolution in the Abstract Sciences.John Woods - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    In a world plagued by disagreement and conflict one might expect that the exact sciences of logic and mathematics would provide a safe harbor. In fact these disciplines are rife with internal divisions between different, often incompatible, systems. Do these disagreements admit of resolution? Can such resolution be achieved without disturbing assumptions that the theorems of logic and mathematics state objective truths about the real world? In this original and historically rich book John Woods explores apparently intractable disagreements in logic (...)
     
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  6.  72
    Lightening Up on the Ad Hominem.John Woods - 2007 - Informal Logic 27 (1):109-134.
    In all three of its manifestations, —abusive, circumstantial and tu quoque—the role of the ad hominem is to raise a doubt about the opposite party’s casemaking bona-fides.Provided that it is both presumptive and provisional, drawing such a conclusion is not a logical mistake, hence not a fallacy on the traditional conception of it. More remarkable is the role of the ad hominem retort in seeking the reassurance of one’s opponent when, on the face of it, reassurance is precisely what he (...)
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  7.  34
    Cognitive Economics and the Logic of Abduction.John Woods - 2012 - Review of Symbolic Logic 5 (1):148-161.
    An agent-centered, goal-directed, resource-bound logic of human reasoning would do well to note that individual cognitive agency is typified by the comparative scantness of available cognitive resourcess ignorance-preserving character. My principal purpose here is to tie abduction’s scarce-resource adjustment capacity to its ignorance preservation.
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  8. What is Informal Logic.John Woods - forthcoming - Informal Logic: The First International Symposium.
     
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  9. Fictions and Models.John Woods (ed.) - 2010 - Philosophia.
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  10.  28
    Recent Developments in Abductive Logic.John Woods - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (1):240-244.
  11. Paradox and Paraconsistency: Conflict Resolution in the Abstract Sciences.John Woods - 2004 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 10 (1):116-118.
     
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  12.  52
    Enthymemes: From Reconstruction to Understanding. [REVIEW]Fabio Paglieri & John Woods - 2011 - Argumentation 25 (2):127-139.
    Traditionally, an enthymeme is an incomplete argument, made so by the absence of one or more of its constituent statements. An enthymeme resolution strategy is a set of procedures for finding those missing elements, thus reconstructing the enthymemes and restoring its meaning. It is widely held that a condition on the adequacy of such procedures is that statements restored to an enthymeme produce an argument that is good in some given respect in relation to which the enthymeme itself is bad. (...)
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  13.  51
    Resource-Origins of Nonmonotonicity.Dov Gabbay & John Woods - 2008 - Studia Logica 88 (1):85-112.
    Formal nonmonotonic systems try to model the phenomenon that common sense reasoners are able to “jump” in their reasoning from assumptions Δ to conclusions C without their being any deductive chain from Δ to C. Such jumps are done by various mechanisms which are strongly dependent on context and knowledge of how the actual world functions. Our aim is to motivate these jump rules as inference rules designed to optimise survival in an environment with scant resources of effort and time. (...)
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  14.  39
    Arresting Circles in Formal Dialogues.John Woods & Douglas Walton - 1978 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 7 (1):73 - 90.
  15.  57
    By Parity of Reasoning.John Woods & Brent Hudak - 1989 - Informal Logic 11 (3).
  16.  33
    How Philosophical is Informal Logic?John Woods - 2000 - Informal Logic 20 (2).
    Consider the proposition, "Informal logic is a subdiscipline of philosophy". The best chance of showing this to be true is showing that informal logic is part of logic, which in turn is a part of philosophy. Part 1 is given over to the task of sorting out these connections. If successful, informal logic can indeed be seen as part of philosophy; but there is no question of an exclusive relationship. Part 2 is a critical appraisal of the suggestion that informal (...)
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  17.  22
    In Memoriam.John Woods - 2019 - Argumentation 33 (4):459-463.
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  18. The Logic of Fiction: A Philosophical Sounding of Deviant Logic.John Hayden Woods - 1974 - Mouton.
     
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  19.  24
    Normative Models of Rational Agency: The Theoretical Disutility of Certain Approaches.Dov Gabbay & John Woods - 2003 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 11 (6):597-613.
    Much of cognitive science seeks to provide principled descriptions of various kinds and aspects of rational behaviour, especially in beings like us or AI simulacra of beings like us. For the most part, these investigators presuppose an unarticulated common sense appreciation of the rationality that such behaviour consists in. On those occasions when they undertake to bring the relevant norms to the surface and to give an account of that to which they owe their legitimacy, these investigators tend to favour (...)
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  20. Agenda Relevance - a Study in Formal Pragmatics.Dov M. Gabbay & John Woods - 2003
     
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  21.  61
    Petitio Principii.John Woods & Douglas Walton - 1975 - Synthese 31 (1):107 - 127.
  22. Semantic Penumbra: Concept Similarity in Logic.John Woods & Nicholas Griffin - 2012 - Topoi 31 (1):121-134.
    It is widely accepted by formal and informal logicians alike that a formal logic which, by the lights of English, gets the connectives wrong, nevertheless conspires to get entailment right—right that is, modulo English. There is a vexing problem occasioned by this semantic alienation of formal logic. It is next to impossible for formal logic to meet the expectations of realism. What, then, of informal logic?
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  23. Ignorance and Semantic Tableaux: Aliseda on Abduction.John Woods - 2007 - Theoria 22 (3):305-318.
    This is an examination of similarities and differences between two recent models of abductive reasoning. The one is developed in Atocha Aliseda’s Abductive Reasoning: Logical Investigations into the Processes of Discovery and Evaluation (2006). The other is advanced by Dov Gabbay and the present author in their The Reach of Abduction: Insight and Trial (2005). A principal difference between the two approaches is that in the Gabbay-Woods model, but not in the Aliseda model, abductive inference is ignorance-preserving. A further differ-ence (...)
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  24. Abductive Reasoning in Neural-Symbolic Systems.Artur S. D’Avila Garcez, Dov M. Gabbay, Oliver Ray & John Woods - 2007 - Topoi 26 (1):37-49.
    Abduction is or subsumes a process of inference. It entertains possible hypotheses and it chooses hypotheses for further scrutiny. There is a large literature on various aspects of non-symbolic, subconscious abduction. There is also a very active research community working on the symbolic (logical) characterisation of abduction, which typically treats it as a form of hypothetico-deductive reasoning. In this paper we start to bridge the gap between the symbolic and sub-symbolic approaches to abduction. We are interested in benefiting from developments (...)
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  25.  11
    Aristotle's Early Logic.John Woods & Andrew Irvine - 2004 - In Dov M. Gabbay, John Woods & Akihiro Kanamori (eds.), Handbook of the History of Logic. Elsevier. pp. 1--27.
  26. Predicate Ranges.John Woods - 1969 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 30 (2):259-269.
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  27.  43
    Non-Cooperation in Dialogue Logic.Dov Gabbay & John Woods - 2001 - Synthese 127 (1-2):161 - 186.
  28.  3
    Logic and Cognition.H. Cowles, Matthew Walenski, Robert Kluender, Markus Knauff, Artur S. Davila Garcez, Dov M. Gabbay, Oliver Ray, John Woods, Robin Clark & Murray Grossman - 2007 - Topoi 26 (1):51-62.
    We consider connections between number sense—the ability to judge number—and the interpretation of natural language quantifiers. In particular, we present empirical evidence concerning the neuroanatomical underpinnings of number sense and quantifier interpretation. We show, further, that impairment of number sense in patients can result in the impairment of the ability to interpret sentences containing quantifiers. This result demonstrates that number sense supports some aspects of the language faculty.
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  29. Handbook of the History of Logic.Dov M. Gabbay & John Woods - 2004 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 10 (4):579-583.
     
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  30.  83
    Epistemology Mathematicized.John Woods - 2013 - Informal Logic 33 (2):292-331.
    Epistemology and informal logic have overlapping and broadly similar subject matters. A principle of methodological symmetry is: philosophical theories of sufficiently similar subject matters should engage similar methods. Suppose the best way to do epistemology is in highly formalized ways, with a large role for mathematical methods. The symmetry principle suggests this is also the best way to do the logic of the reasoning and argument, the subject matter of informal logic. A capitulation to mathematics is inimical to informal logicians, (...)
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  31.  36
    Philosophy of Economics.Uskali Mäki, Dov M. Gabbay, Paul Thagard & John Woods (eds.) - 2012 - North Holland.
    This volume serves as a detailed introduction for those new to the field as well as a rich source of new insights and potential research agendas for those already engaged with the philosophy of economics.
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  32.  14
    Non-Cooperation In Dialogue Logic.Dov Gabbay & John Woods - 2001 - Synthese 127 (1):161-186.
  33.  28
    Question-Begging and Cumulativeness in Dialectical Games.John Woods & Douglas Walton - 1982 - Noûs 16 (4):585-605.
  34.  47
    Hintikka on Aristotle's Fallacies.John Woods & Hans V. Hansen - 1997 - Synthese 113 (2):217-239.
  35. The Necessity of Formalism in Informal Logic.John Woods - 1989 - Argumentation 3:149-167.
     
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  36.  14
    Fallacies as Cognitive Virtues.Dov M. Gabbay & John Woods - 2009 - In Ondrej Majer, Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen & Tero Tulenheimo (eds.), Games: Unifying Logic, Language, and Philosophy. Springer Verlag. pp. 57--98.
  37. Handbook of the History of Logic: Inductive Logic.Dov M. Gabby & John Woods (eds.) - 2011 - North Holland: Amsterdam.
     
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  38.  14
    The Fallacy of 'Ad Ignorantiam'.John Woods & Douglas Walton - 1978 - Dialectica 32 (2):87-99.
  39.  22
    Argumentum ad Verecundiam.John Woods & Douglas Walton - 1974 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 7 (3):135 - 153.
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  40.  7
    Aristotle (384--322 B.C.).John Woods - 1999 - Argumentation 13 (2):203-220.
  41.  39
    A Quantum Logic of Down Below.Peter D. Bruza, Dominic Widdows & John Woods - unknown
    This chapter is offered as a contribution to the logic of down below. We attempt to demonstrate that the nature of human agency necessitates that there actually be such a logic. The ensuing sections develop the suggestion that cognition down below has a structure strikingly similar to the physical structure of quantum states. In its general form, this is not an idea that originates with the present authors. It is known that there exist mathematical models from the cognitive science of (...)
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  42.  20
    Ancestor Worship in The Logic of Games. How Foundational Were Aristotle's Contributions?John Woods - 2013 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 8 (1).
    Notwithstanding their technical virtuosity and growing presence in mainstream thinking, game theoretic logics have attracted a sceptical question: "Granted that logic can be done game theoretically, but what would justify the idea that this is the preferred way to do it?'' A recent suggestion is that at least part of the desired support might be found in the Greek dialectical writings. If so, perhaps we could say that those works possess a kind of foundational significance. The relation of being foundational (...)
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  43. Agenda Relevance: A Study in Formal Pragmatics.Dov M. Gabbay & John Woods - 2004 - Studia Logica 77 (1):133-139.
     
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  44.  31
    The Petitio: Aristotle'S Five Ways.John Woods & Douglas Walton - 1982 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 12 (March):77-100.
    If one looks to the current textbook lore for reliable taxonomic and analytical information about the petitio principii, one is met with conceptual disarray and much too much nonsense. The present writers have recently attempted to furnish the beginnings of a theoretical reconstruction of this fallacy which is at once faithful to its formidable complexity yet useful as guide for its detection and avoidance. The fact is that the petitio has had a lengthy and interesting history, and in this paper (...)
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  45.  33
    Slippery Slopes and Collapsing Taboos.John Woods - 2000 - Argumentation 14 (2):107-134.
    A slippery slope argument is an argument to this twofold effect. First, that if a policy or practice P is permitted, then we lack the dialectical resources to demonstrate that a similar policy or practice P* is not permissible. Since P* is indeed not permissible, we should not endorse policy or practice P. At the heart of such arguments is the idea of dialectical impotence, the inability to stop the acceptance of apparently small deviations from a heretofore secure policy or (...)
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  46.  46
    Is the Theoretical Unity of the Fallacies Possible?John Woods - 1994 - Informal Logic 16 (2).
    Historically, the fallacies have been neglected as objects of systematic study. Yet, since Hamblin's famous criticism of the state of fallacy theory, a substantial literature has been produced. A large portion of this literature is the work of Douglas Walton and John Woods. This paper will deal directly with the criticism of that work which has been advanced by van Eemeren and Grootendorst, particularly the complaints found in their writings of 1992, concerning the disunification of the fallacies and the exemplaristic (...)
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  47.  58
    Dialectical Considerations on the Logic of Contradiction: Part I.John Woods - 2005 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 13 (2):231-260.
    This is an examination of the dialectical structure of deep disagreements about matters not open to empirical check. A dramatic case in point is the Law of Non-Contradiction . Dialetheists are notoriously of the view that, in some few cases, LNC has a true negation. The traditional position on LNC is that it is non-negotiable. The standard reason for thinking it non-negotiable is, being a first principle, there is nothing to negotiate. One of my purposes is to show that the (...)
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  48. Making Too Much of Possible Worlds.John Woods - unknown
    A possible worlds treatment of the normal alethic modalities was, after classical model theory, logic’s most significant semantic achievement in the century just past.[1] Kripke’s groundbreaking paper appeared in 1959 and, in the scant few succeeding years, its principal analytical tool, possible worlds, was adapted to serve a range of quite different-seeming purposes – from nonnormal logics,[2] to epistemic and doxastic logics[3], deontic[4] and temporal logics[5] and, not much later, the logic of counterfactual conditionals.[6] In short order, possible worlds acquired (...)
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  49.  25
    The Logic of Fiction.John Woods - 1976 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 34 (3):354-355.
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  50.  66
    Begging the Question is Not a Fallacy.John Woods - manuscript
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1 — 50 / 217