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Subcategories:History/traditions: Moral Character

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  1. Compassion and Animals: How We Ought to Treat Animals in a World Without Justice.Cheryl Abbate - 2018 - In Justin Caouette & Carolyn Price (eds.), The Moral Psychology of Compassion.
    The philosophy of animal rights is often characterized as an exclusively justice oriented approach to animal liberation that is unconcerned with, and moreover suspicious of, moral emotions, like sympathy, empathy, and compassion. I argue that the philosophy of animal rights can, and should, acknowledge that compassion plays an integral role in animal liberation discourse and theory. Because compassion motivates moral actors to relieve the serious injustices that other animals face, or, at the very least, compassion moves actors not to participate (...)
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  2. Drugs and Hugs: Stimulating Moral Dispositions as a Method of Moral Enhancement.Michał Klincewicz, Lily Eva Frank & Marta Sokólska - 2018 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 83:329-350.
    Advocates of moral enhancement through pharmacological, genetic, or other direct interventions sometimes explicitly argue, or assume without argument, that traditional moral education and development is insufficient to bring about moral enhancement. Traditional moral education grounded in a Kohlbergian theory of moral development is indeed unsuitable for that task; however, the psychology of moral development and education has come a long way since then. Recent studies support the view that moral cognition is a higher-order process, unified at a functional level, and (...)
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  3. War Crimes: Causes, Excuses, and Blame.Jessica Wolfendale & Matthew Talbert - 2019 - New York, USA: Oup Usa.
    Why do war crimes occur? Are perpetrators of war crimes always blameworthy? In an original and challenging thesis, this book argues that war crimes are often explained by perpetrators' beliefs, goals, and values, and in these cases perpetrators may be blameworthy even if they sincerely believed that they were doing the right thing.
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  4. Fanaticism and Sacred Values.Paul Katsafanas - forthcoming - Philosophers' Imprint.
    What, if anything, is fanaticism? Philosophers including Locke, Hume, Shaftesbury, and Kant offered an account of fanaticism, analyzing it as (1) unwavering commitment to an ideal, together with (2) unwillingness to subject the ideal (or its premises) to rational critique and (3) the presumption of a non-rational sanction for the ideal. In the first part of the paper, I explain this account and argue that it does not succeed: among other things, it entails that a paradigmatically peaceful and tolerant individual (...)
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  5. Schizophrenia and the Virtues of Self-Effacement.Barry Paul - 2016 - Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 11 (1):29-48.
    Paul Barry | : Michael Stocker’s “The Schizophrenia of Modern Ethical Theories” attacks versions of consequentialism and deontological ethics on the grounds that they are self-effacing. While it is often thought that Stocker’s argument gives us a reason to favour virtue ethics over those other theories, Simon Keller has argued that this is a mistake. He claims that virtue ethics is also self-effacing, and is therefore afflicted with the self-effacement-related problems that Stocker identifies in consequentialism and deontology. This paper defends (...)
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  6. Three Vedāntas: Three Accounts of Character, Freedom and Responsibility.Shyam Ranganathan - 2017 - In The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Indian Ethics. London: Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 249-274.
    Indian thought is often said to be concerned with ethics (dharma) that leads to freedom (mokṣa). Either this means that we should treat freedom as the end that justifies the ethical life (Consequentialism), or that the ethical life is the procedure that causes freedom (Proceduralism). The history of Vedānta philosophy—philosophy of the latter part of the Vedas—largely endorses the latter option via the “moral transition argument” (MTA): a dialectic that takes us from teleology to proceduralism. It is motivated by a (...)
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  7. Varieties of Virtue Ethics.Carr David, Arthur James & Kristjánsson Kristján (eds.) - 2017 - Palgrave Macmillan.
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  8. Before Virtue: Assessing Contemporary Virtue Ethics. By Jonathan J. Sanford.Angela Knobel - 2017 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 91 (1):149-152.
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  9. Virtue Argumentation and Bias.Aberdein Andrew - unknown
    Virtue Argumentation and Bias PAPER Virtue theories of argumentation are a burgeoning programme [2]. Bias is a familiar impediment to good argument, which has drawn renewed attention as a result of psychological research demonstrating the prevalence of cognitive biases and implicit associations. Despite some attempts to utilise the resources of VTA to address bias, there has been little acknowledgement of the obstacle that bias presents to VTA. Specifically, VTA seems vulnerable to a situationist challenge, analogous to similar challenges in virtue (...)
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  10. Virtuous Vices: On Objectivity, Bias, and Virtue in Argumentation.H. Cohen Daniel & Stevens Katharina - unknown
    How is it possible that biases are cognitive vices, objectivity is an exemplary intellectual virtue, and yet objectivity is itself a bias? In this paper, we argue that objectivity is indeed a kind of bias but is still an argumentative virtue. In common with many biases – and many virtues – its effects are neither uniformly negative nor uniformly positive. Consequences alone are not enough to determine which character traits are argumentative virtues. Context matters. The opening section addresses the problem (...)
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  11. Character as Moral Fiction, Review of the Book Virtue and Moral Fiction by Mark Alfano.Abraham Schwab - unknown
    Alfano, a relatively new contributor to the increasingly busy intersection of ethics and epistemology, works to unpack the empirical work in psychology and articulate the full weight of its challenges to virtue ethics and virtue epistemology. The thread that runs throughout is the novel conception of "factitious virtue." Drawing on the chimerically real placebo effect and self-fulfilling prophecies, factitious virtue integrates these epistemically counterintuitive effects into norms for behavior. In short, when plausible, one should publicly attribute moral and intellectual virtues (...)
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  12. Virtue Ethics, Kantian Ethics, and the “One Thought Too Many” Objection.Monika Betzler - 2008 - In Kant's Ethics of Virtue. Walter de Gruyter.
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  13. Kantian Virtue and ‘Virtue Ethics’.Monika Betzler - 2008 - In Kant's Ethics of Virtue. Walter de Gruyter.
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  14. Personality Psychology: Current Status and Prospects For the Future.Lawrence Pervin - 2008 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 39 (4):171-177.
    Personality Psychology: Current Status and Prospects For the Future I want to consider the current status and future of the field of personality psychology, often basing my observations on my own research and theoretical interests. Let me begin by summarizing what I have to say in terms of three points of emphasis: First, the field of personality can be viewed in terms of three disciplines—trait, social cognitive, and psychodynamic—each associated with its own empirical procedures and observations. That is, each is (...)
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  15. Wisdom and Action Guidance in the Agent-Based Virtue Ethics of Aristotle. Sherman - 2006 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 80 (4):481-506.
    While Aristotle in the Nicomachean Ethics does not provide a guide for action in the form of rules for a decision process as deontological or consequentialistethical theories purport to do, he does present a description of the virtuous agent and the virtues that this agent exercises in his choices of action. In this paper Iargue that Aristotle’s mature virtuous agent characteristically exercises the virtue of wisdom as well as the practical virtues of character and intelligence in his choices of action (...)
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  16. Practical Wisdom: The Right Way to Do the Right Thing by Barry Schwartz and Kenneth Sharpe. [REVIEW]Gregory R. Beabout - 2011 - Catholic Social Science Review 16:279-281.
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  17. Anger and the Virtues: A Critical Study in Virtue Individuation.Ryan West - 2016 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 46 (6):877-897.
    Aristotle and others suggest that a single virtue – ‘good temper’ – pertains specifically to anger. I argue that if good temper is a single virtue, it is constituted by aspects of a combination of other virtues. I present three categories of anger-relevant virtues – those that dispose one to anger; those that delay, mitigate, and qualify anger; and those required for effortful anger control – and show how virtues in each category make distinct contributions to good temper. In addition (...)
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  18. Virtue Ethics, Kantian Ethics, and the 'One Thought Too Many' Objection.Marcia Baron - unknown
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  19. Can Aristotle's Virtue Ethics Provide Explicit Moral Action Guidance?Alkis Kotsonis - unknown
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  20. From Morality to Virtue.Marcia Baron & Michael Slote - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (2):298.
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  21. Problems of Personality.J. R. Kantor & A. A. Roback - 1926 - Philosophical Review 35 (4):389.
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  22. The Refinement of Character The Refinement of Character.G. M. Wickens, Aḥmad Ibn-Muḥammand Miskawayh, Constantine K. Zurayk & Ahmad Ibn-Muhammand Miskawayh - 1970 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 90 (4):552.
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  23. Eudaimonistic Virtue Ethics and Self-Effacement.Justin C. Clark - 2016 - Journal of Value Inquiry 50 (3):507-524.
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  24. The Routledge Companion to Virtue Ethics.Lorraine L. Besser & Michael Slote (eds.) - 2015 - Routledge.
    Virtue ethics is on the move both in Anglo-American philosophy and in the rest of the world. This volume uniquely emphasizes non-Western varieties of virtue ethics at the same time that it includes work in the many different fields or areas of philosophy where virtue ethics has recently spread its wings. Just as significantly, several chapters make comparisons between virtue ethics and other ways of approaching ethics or political philosophy or show how virtue ethics can be applied to "real world" (...)
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  25. From 'Ordinary' Virtue to Aristotelian Virtue.Nancy Snow - unknown
    In two earlier papers, I began to explore how “ordinary people” acquire virtue. By “ordinary people,” I mean people, not specifically or directly concerned with becoming virtuous, who have goals or aims the pursuit of which requires them to develop virtue. E.g., parents acquire patience and generosity in the course of pursuing their goal to be good parents; those concerned with being peacemakers acquire tact and diplomacy in the pursuit of that goal, and so on. These virtues can be viewed (...)
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  26. Can There Be a Virtue Ethics of Institutions?Sean Cordell - unknown
    This is an unpublished conference paper for the 3rd Annual Jubilee Centre for Character and Virtues conference at Oriel College, Oxford University, Thursday 8th – Saturday 10th January 2015. These papers are works in progress and should not be cited without author’s prior permission.
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  27. Virtue Intelligence.Nancy Snow - unknown
    The provocative title of this conference is, “Can Virtue Be Measured?” My answer to this question is, “Yes, it can,” and I hasten to add, “It should be.” I began thinking about whether and how to measure virtue when Jennifer Cole Wright, a psychologist from the College of Charleston, and I were approached to write a popular book on measuring virtue. Alas, that project didn’t get anywhere, but I hope that our thinking about this issue might yet bear fruit. Central (...)
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  28. Can Virtue Be Measured?Jennnifer Wright - unknown
    This is a conference papers for the ‘Can Virtue Be Measured?, held by the Jubilee Centre for Character and Values at Oriel College, Thursday 9th – Saturday 11th January 2014. These papers are works in progress and should not be cited without author’s prior permission.
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  29. Theatrical Intervention as a Pathway to Moral Virtue Development.Lijuan Wang, Deborah Mower & Margaret Garvey - unknown
    Moral virtue development is grounded in social relationships that foster the socioemotional intelligence underlying moral virtue. Recent research shows a decrease in socioemotional intelligence with implications for moral virtue development. This project is a feasibility study of a theatrical intervention with parent-child dyads to increase socioemotional intelligence and proto-virtuous character by improving parent-child mutual responsiveness. Our theatrical approach combines direct development of mutual responsiveness and practice of moral virtue scripts, providing a powerful and seamless integration of philosophy, theatre art and (...)
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  30. The Co-Construction of Virtue: Epigenetics, Development, and Culture.Darcia Narvaez - unknown
    Chapter from the book "Cultivating Virtue: Perspectives from Philosophy, Theology, and Psychology." Ed. Nancy E. Snow. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.
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  31. Understanding the Virtue-Relevant Self Through Courage.Cynthia Pury, Charles Starkey & Emily Sullivan - unknown
    To what extent do differences in who we are predict differences in courage? We propose to de-velop a measure of the virtue-relevant self, which is composed of self-conception, social roles, virtue-relevant values, and personality traits. We will then conduct three studies using this meas-ure to determine the extent to which these various components of the virtue-relevant self pre-dict the types of acts people consider courageous as well as the willingness of people to engage in courageous acts themselves. We believe that (...)
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  32. Existential Feelings in Virtue: A Philosophical-Psychological Investigation.Daniel Sullivan & Stephan Achim - unknown
    This presentation was delivered at the Self, Motivation & Virtue Project's 2015 Interdisciplinary Moral Forum, held at Marquette University in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
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  33. The Virtue of Self-Distancing.Warren Herold, Ethan Kross & Walter Sowden - unknown
    This presentation was delivered at the Self, Motivation & Virtue Project's 2015 Interdisciplinary Moral Forum, held at Marquette University in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
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  34. Self-Knowledge and Moral Virtue.Kathleen A. Poorman Dougherty - unknown
    The claim that virtue requires self-knowledge may seem banal, but it has been challenged by recent claims that certain virtues, such as modesty, require ignorance of self and that self-deceived persons are both happier and nicer. My argument is grounded in a broadly Aristotelian conception of virtue, where full moral virtue includes both the virtues of character, such as temperance, generosity, and courage, and the intellectual virtue of practical wisdom. I argue that self-knowledge is necessary for practical wisdom and practical (...)
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  35. Eros After Nature.Chandler D. Rogers - 2016 - Soundings: An Interdisciplinary Journal 99 (3):223-245.
    On ground shared by environmental hermeneutics, critical social theory, and environmentally minded feminism, this article attempts to conciliate between the nearly antithetical ethical viewpoints of environmental philosophers David Abram and Steven Vogel. It will demonstrate first that Abram’s linguistic arguments for extending ethical considerability to nonhuman nature succumb to two of Vogel’s debilitating critiques, which it labels the social constructivist critique and the discourse ethics critique, and secondly that Abram fails to guard against the problem of human-human oppression. The article (...)
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  36. Virtue in Being: Towards an Ethics of the Unconditioned.Andrew Benjamin - unknown
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  37. Against The Bifurcation Of Virtue.Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij - 2017 - Noûs 51 (2):291-301.
    It has become customary in the virtue epistemological literature to distinguish between responsibilist and reliabilist virtue theories. More recently, certain problems affecting the former have prompted epistemologists to suggest that this distinction in virtue theory maps on to a distinction in virtue, specifically between character and faculty virtue. I argue that we lack good reason to bifurcate virtue in this manner, and that this moreover counts in favor of the virtue reliabilist.
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  38. Notes Toward an Empirical Psychology of Virtue: Exploring the Personality Scaffolding of Virtue.Nancy E. Snow - unknown
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  39. Review of On Virtue Ethics by Rosalind Hursthouse. [REVIEW]Margaret Urban Walker - unknown
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  40. Character, Narcissism, and the Rarity Thesis.Jonathan Robinson - unknown
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  41. Phenomenological Distinctions: Two Types of Envy and Their Difference From Covetousness.Michael R. Kelly - 2016 - In J. Aaron Simmons & J. Edward Hackett (eds.), Phenomenology for the Twenty-first Century. Palgrave-Macmillan.
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  42. A History of Personality Psychology: Theory, Science, and Research From Hellenism to the Twenty-First Century.Frank Dumont - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this book Frank Dumont presents personality psychology with a fresh description of its current status as well as its prospects. Play, sex, cuisine, creativity, altruism, pets, grieving rituals, and other oft-neglected topics broaden the scope of this fascinating study. This tract is imbued with historical perspectives that reveal the continuity in the evolving science and research of this discipline over the past century. The author places classic schemas and constructs, as well as current principles, in the context of their (...)
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  43. The Leadership of Korean Universities: A Case Study.Kiyoung Kim - 2014 - Science Journal of Business and Management 2 (2):50-66.
    In the contemporary context of business and management, the leadership studies are considered as one of essential genre to allow sight of the holistic picture of the organizational performance. The general theory of leadership studies has given us a scope of elements involving the nature of leadership, and a body of research work contributed to elicit and deal with the factors significant to determine the effect of leadership, e.g, LMX (Leader and manager exchange).The participatory leadership and diversity or democracy in (...)
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  44. Virtuous Argumentation and the Challenges of Hype.Adam Auch - 2013 - Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation 10: Virtues of Argumentation.
    In this paper, I consider the virtue of proportionality in relation to reasoning in what I call ‘hype contexts’. I conclude that a virtuous arguer is one that neither accepts nor rejects a claim based on its ubiquity alone, but who evaluates its importance with reference to the social context in which it is made.
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  45. Virtue Ethics.Rosalind Hursthouse - unknown
    Virtue ethics is currently one of three major approaches in normative ethics. It may, initially, be identified as the one that emphasizes the virtues, or moral character, in contrast to the approach which emphasizes duties or rules or that which emphasizes the consequences of actions. Suppose it is obvious that someone in need should be helped. A utilitarian will point to the fact that the consequences of doing so will maximize well-being, a deontologist to the fact that, in doing so (...)
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  46. National Character and Classicism in Italian Ethics.Luigi Ferri - 1895 - International Journal of Ethics 5 (3):340-360.
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  47. Vital Conflicts and Virtue Ethics.Benedict M. Guevin - 2010 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 10 (3):471-480.
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  48. Ethics, Ideology, and Feminine Virtue.John Exdell - 1987 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17 (sup1):169-199.
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  49. Integrity and Moral Danger.Greg Scherkoske - 2010 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 40 (3):335-358.
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  50. The Cast of Character: The Representation of Personality in Ancient and Medieval Literature. Warren Ginsberg.Robert W. Hanning - 1985 - Speculum 60 (2):404-406.
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