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Subcategories:History/traditions: Moral Character

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  1. Virtue Argumentation and Bias.Aberdein Andrew - unknown
    Virtue Argumentation and Bias PAPER Virtue theories of argumentation are a burgeoning programme [2]. Bias is a familiar impediment to good argument, which has drawn renewed attention as a result of psychological research demonstrating the prevalence of cognitive biases and implicit associations. Despite some attempts to utilise the resources of VTA to address bias, there has been little acknowledgement of the obstacle that bias presents to VTA. Specifically, VTA seems vulnerable to a situationist challenge, analogous to similar challenges in virtue (...)
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  2. Common Projects and Moral Virtue.Robert Merrihew Adams - 1988 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 13 (1):297-307.
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  3. Environment, Community, Government.Arun Agrawal - 2010 - In Ilana Feldman & Miriam Iris Ticktin (eds.), In the Name of Humanity: The Government of Threat and Care. Duke University Press.
  4. Against The Bifurcation Of Virtue.Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij - 2017 - Noûs 51 (2):291-301.
    It has become customary in the virtue epistemological literature to distinguish between responsibilist and reliabilist virtue theories. More recently, certain problems affecting the former have prompted epistemologists to suggest that this distinction in virtue theory maps on to a distinction in virtue, specifically between character and faculty virtue. I argue that we lack good reason to bifurcate virtue in this manner, and that this moreover counts in favor of the virtue reliabilist.
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  5. Assessing the Role of Virtue Ethics in Psychology: A Commentary on the Work of Blaine Fowers, Frank Richardson, and Brent Slife.Kevin A. Aho - 2012 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 32 (1):43-49.
    Drawing on the work of Fowers, Richardson, and Slife, this commentary offers an overview and critical assessment of the theory and practice of virtue ethics in psychology. The commentary highlights the importance of a hermeneutic or relational understanding of selfhood and the value of interpreting human meanings within the context of a shared tradition. I conclude with some critical remarks that focus on reconciling the assumptions of naturalism with hermeneutic philosophy, the issue of conservatism in virtue ethics, and problems of (...)
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  6. Virtuous Bacchanalia.Chiji Akoma & Sally Scholz - 2009 - Clr James Journal 15 (1):206-227.
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  7. The Noble Qualities of Character.Abd Allah Ibn Muhammad Ibn Abi Al-Dunya & James A. Bellamy - 1973 - F. Steiner.
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  8. Michael W. Austin, Ed. Virtues in Action: New Essays in Applied Virtue Ethics.Mark Alfano - 2016 - Journal of Value Inquiry 50 (2):457-462.
    This ain’t your grandma’s virtue theory.In Michael Austin’s bold new collection, Virtues in Action: New Essays in Applied Virtue Ethics, gone are the pretentions of defining right action generically as what a virtuous person would do in the circumstances, while acting in and from character, provided that a virtuous person would end up in those circumstances. Instead, we find detailed explorations of specific virtues and vices related to specific fields of activity and problems, with attention (some of it careful – (...)
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  9. Current Controversies in Virtue.Mark Alfano (ed.) - 2015 - Routledge.
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  10. An Aristotelian Approach to Ethical Theory--The Norms of Virtue.Susan K. Allard-Nelson - 2004
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  11. The Virtuous Spy.Anita L. Allen - 2008 - The Monist 91 (1):3-22.
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  12. Becoming; Basic Considerations for a Psychology of Personality.Gordon W. Allport - 1955 - Journal of Philosophy 54 (16):505-510.
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  13. Character, Will, and Agency.Roman Altshuler - 2016 - In Jonathan Webber & Alberto Masala (eds.), From Personality to Virtue: Essays on the Philosophy of Character. Oxford University Press. pp. 62-80.
    Character and the will are rarely discussed together. At most, philosophers working on the one mention the other in an eliminativist vein—if character is represented as something chosen, for example, it can be chalked up to the work of the will; if the will consists merely of a certain arrangement of mental states, it can be seen as little more than a manifestation of character. This mutual neglect appears perfectly justified. If both character and will are determinants of action, to (...)
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  14. Formation of character and practical reasoning.Julian Amaya & Ximena Alvarez - 2008 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 8:10-65.
    This article states that practice and action are more important than intellectual knowledge and contemplation. If this thesis were false, one cannot understand why prudence and the prudent person are the supreme virtue and the model of the good life in Aristotle. The initial question is: how should the rationality of desire be understood, or what does reasoned desire mean? This implies two additional issues: what is the practical syllogism, and what is its relationship to correct reason? How are practical (...)
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  15. Virtue.John Anderson - 1934 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 12 (3):224 – 228.
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  16. Worldly Virtue: Moral Ideals and Contemporary Life.Judith Andre - 2015 - Lexington Books.
    Worldly Virtue discusses individual virtues in new ways, drawing from faith traditions, feminist analyses, and social science. The book addresses traditional virtues like honesty and generosity and articulates new virtues like those required in aging.
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  17. Morality and Psychology.Chrisoula Andreou - 2007 - Philosophy Compass 2 (1):46–55.
    This article briefly discusses the connection between moral philosophy and moral psychology, and then explores three intriguing areas of inquiry that fall within the intersection of the two fields. The areas of inquiry considered focus on (1) debates concerning the nature of moral judgments and moral motivation; (2) debates concerning good and bad character traits and character-based explanations of actions; and (3) debates concerning the role of moral rules in guiding the morally wise agent.
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  18. Getting On in a Varied World.Chrisoula Andreou - 2006 - Social Theory and Practice 32 (1):61-73.
    The core argument in favor of the view that immorality is a natural defect for human beings, which has been developed by Foot, assumes that if justice and compassion have important functions in human survival and reproduction, then injustice and cruelty are natural defects in human beings. But this ignores possibilities and results that cannot reasonably be ignored. Multiple and mixed naturally sound types can and do occur in nature. Moreover, research in the life sciences suggests that at least some (...)
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  19. What Would Be the Character of a New War? By C. D. Burns. [REVIEW]Norman Angell - 1932 - Ethics 43:456.
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  20. Techne in Aristotle's Ethics: Crafting the Moral Life.Tom Angier - 2010 - Continuum.
    'By identifying the extent to which Aristotle's thinking about ethics was shaped by notions drawn from the crafts Angier has thrown new light on a surprising number of topics and has deepened our understanding of tensions within Aristotle's thought. It is by now a rare achievement to have said something new, true and important about Aristotle.' -- Alasdair MacIntyre, Emeritus Professor of Philosophy, University of Notre Dame, USA.
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  21. Virtue and Duty: Negotiating Between Different Ethical Traditions.Julia Annas - 2015 - Journal of Value Inquiry 49 (4):605-618.
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  22. The Phenomenology of Virtue.Julia Annas - 2008 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (1):21-34.
    What is it like to be a good person? I examine and reject suggestions that this will involve having thoughts which have virtue or being a good person as part of their content, as well as suggestions that it might be the presence of feelings distinct from the virtuous person’s thoughts. Is there, then, anything after all to the phenomenology of virtue? I suggest that an answer is to be found in looking to Aristotle’s suggestion that virtuous activity is pleasant (...)
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  23. Virtue Ethics.Julia Annas - 2006 - In David Copp (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory. Oxford University Press. pp. 515--536.
    This chapter provides an intellectual framework for understanding modern theories of virtue. It presents a version of virtue ethics, which draws on the resources of the historical, particularly ancient, tradition, discussing the ways in which a virtue is a disposition, and the ways in which it involves practical reasoning and emotion. It explores virtue’s relation to flourishing and to right action, and the way in which virtue involves aspiring to an ideal. It also discusses the relation of virtue to human (...)
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  24. Virtue Ethics: What Kind of Naturalism?Julia Annas - 2005 - In Stephen Mark Gardiner (ed.), Virtue Ethics, Old and New. Cornell University Press. pp. 11--29.
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  25. The Structure of Virtue.Julia Annas - 2003 - In Linda Zagzebski & Michael DePaul (eds.), Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives From Ethics and Epistemology. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 15--33.
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  26. Virtue as a Skill.Julia Annas - 1995 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 3 (2):227 – 243.
    Abstract The article argues that a consideration of the idea, common in ancient ethical theory, that virtue is a skill or craft, reveals that some common construals of it are mistaken. The analogy between virtue and skill is not meant to suggest that virtue is an unreflective habit of practised action. Rather what interests ancient ethical theorists is the intellectual structure of a skill, one demanding grasp of the principles defining the field and an ability to reflect on the justification (...)
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  27. Developing the Virtues Integrating Perspectives.Julia Annas, Darcia Narvaez & Nancy E. Snow (eds.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This book features new essays by philosophers, psychologists, and a theologian on the important topic of virtue development. The essays engage with work from multiple disciplines and thereby seek to bridge disciplinary divides. The volume is a significant contribution to the emerging interdisciplinary field of virtue development studies.
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  28. Grit.Sara Antill - 2013 - Powerkids Press.
    Ingredients for success -- What is grit? -- Keep going! -- Setting goals -- Grit on the baseball field -- Finding solutions -- Finding grit in others -- Showing your grit -- Finding a balance -- My report card: grit.
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  29. Nochmals the Authenticity of Odyssey 10.475–9.M. J. Apthorp - 1992 - Classical Quarterly 42 (01):270-.
    It is gratifying to see the authenticity of Od. 10.475–9 defended anew by the late, Professor Alfred Heubeck; in 1974 I put forward a rather similar defence of the lines myself. However, Heubeck's correct conclusion – that the passage is genuine – stands in startling contrast to some gross exaggerations, in both the Italian and the English versions of his work, about the extent of the manuscript evidence against the passage.
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  30. Towards Authentic Conversations. Authenticity in the Patient-Professional Relationship.Vilhjálmur Árnason - 1994 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (3).
    The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the significance of the existential notion of authenticity for medical ethics. This is done by analyzing authenticity and examining its implications for the patient-professional relationship and for ethical decision-making in medical situations. It is argued that while authenticity implies important demand for individual responsibility, which has therapeutic significance, it perpetuates ideas which are antithetical both to authentic interaction between patients and professionals and to fruitful deliberation of moral dilemmas. In order to counteract (...)
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  31. The Virtue of Endlessness.R. Arnheim - 2000 - British Journal of Aesthetics 40 (2):225-227.
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  32. Open-Mindedness as a Moral Virtue.Nomy Arpaly - 2011 - American Philosophical Quarterly 48 (1):75.
    Open-mindedness appears to be a cognitive disposition: an open-minded person is disposed to gain, lose, and revise beliefs in a particular, reasonable way. It is also a moral virtue, for we blame, for example, the man who quickly comes to think a new neighbor untrustworthy because he drives the wrong car or wears the wrong clothes—for his closed-mindedness. How open–mindedness could be a moral virtue is a puzzle, though, because exercises of moral virtues are expressions of moral concern, whereas gaining, (...)
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  33. Unprincipled Virtue.Nomy Arpaly - 2004 - Journal of Ethics 8 (2):201-204.
    Nomy Arpaly rejects the model of rationality used by most ethicists and action theorists. Both observation and psychology indicate that people act rationally without deliberation, and act irrationally with deliberation. By questioning the notion that our own minds are comprehensible to us--and therefore questioning much of the current work of action theorists and ethicists--Arpaly attempts to develop a more realistic conception of moral agency.
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  34. Knightly Virtues : Enhancing Virtue Literacy Through Stories : Research Report.J. Arthur, T. Harrison, D. Carr, K. Kristjánsson, I. Davidson, D. Hayes & J. Higgins - unknown
    There is a growing consensus in Britain on the importance of character, and on the belief that the virtues that contribute to good character are part of the solution to many of the challenges facing modern society. Parents, teachers and schools understand the need to teach basic moral virtues to pupils, such as honesty, self-control, fairness, and respect, while fostering behaviour associated with such virtues today. However, until recently, the materials required to help deliver this ambition have been missing in (...)
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  35. Virtuous Character for the Practice of Law : Research Report.James Arthur, Kristján Kristjánsson, Hywel Thomas, Michael Holdsworth, Luca Badini Confalonieri & Tian Qiu - unknown
    The Jubilee Centre’s new report, Virtuous Character for the Practice of Law, sets about trying to examine the place of character and values in the legal profession in Britain. The report draws its findings from a UK focused survey of 966 lawyers and aspiring lawyers at varying stages of their careers. It is one of the largest pieces of research carried out in Britain focusing on issues of character and virtue within a specific industry sector.
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  36. The Garden of Riches: A Practical Guide to Financial Success.Shalom Arush - 2010 - Chut Shel Chessed.
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  37. Sefer Be-Gan Ha-Osher: Madrikh Maʻaśi la-ʻashir Ha-Amiti.Shalom Arush - 2007 - Mosdot "Ḥuṭ Shel Ḥesed".
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  38. Against Fairness.Stephen T. Asma - 2012 - University of Chicago Press.
    Even Jesus had a favorite -- Saints and favorites -- Fairness, tribes, and nephews -- Classic cases of favoritism -- To thy own tribe be true: biological favoritism -- Moral gravity -- The biochemistry of favoritism -- Humans are wired for favoritism -- A healthy addiction -- Flexible favoritism -- Kin selection -- Rational or emotional motives -- Conflicting brain systems -- Facts and values -- In praise of exceptions -- Building the grid of impartiality -- Going off the grid (...)
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  39. Review of Michael Slote, Morals From Motives[REVIEW]N. Athanassoulis - 2002 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (3).
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  40. Vices, Virtues and Consequences: Essays in Moral and Political Philosophy. By Peter Phillips Simpson.Margaret Atkins - 2007 - Heythrop Journal 48 (4):649–650.
  41. Virtuous Argumentation and the Challenges of Hype.Adam Auch - 2013 - Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation 10: Virtues of Argumentation.
    In this paper, I consider the virtue of proportionality in relation to reasoning in what I call ‘hype contexts’. I conclude that a virtuous arguer is one that neither accepts nor rejects a claim based on its ubiquity alone, but who evaluates its importance with reference to the social context in which it is made.
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  42. Faith as Attitude, Trait, and Virtue.Robert Audi - 2014 - In Kevin Timpe & Craig Boyd (eds.), Virtues and Their Vices. Oxford University Press. pp. 327.
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  43. Responsible Action and Virtuous Character.Robert Audi - 1991 - Ethics 101 (2):304-321.
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  44. Virtues in Action: New Essays in Applied Virtue Ethics.Mike Austin (ed.) - 2013 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
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  45. Friendship: A Philosophical Reader.Neera Kapur Badhwar (ed.) - 1993 - Cornell University Press.
    Introduction: The Nature and Signif1cance of Friendship Neera Kapur Badhwar Philosophers have long recognized that friendship plays a central role in a ...
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  46. Epistemic malevolence.Jason Baehr - 2010 - Metaphilosophy 41 (1):189-213.
    Abstract: Against the background of a great deal of structural symmetry between intellectual and moral virtue and vice, it is a surprising fact that what is arguably the central or paradigm moral vice—that is, moral malevolence or malevolence proper—has no obvious or well-known counterpart among the intellectual vices. The notion of "epistemic malevolence" makes no appearance on any standard list of intellectual vices; nor is it central to our ordinary ways of thinking about intellectual vice. In this essay, I argue (...)
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  47. Trust, Suffering, and the Aesculapian Virtues.Annette C. Baier - 2007 - In Rebecca L. Walker & P. J. Ivanhoe (eds.), Working Virtue: Virtue Ethics and Contemporary Moral Problems. Oxford University Press. pp. 136--153.
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  48. The Kingdom of Individuals: An Essay on Self-Respect and Social Obligation.F. G. Bailey - 1993 - Cornell University Press.
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  49. Virtue Ethics and Practical Guidance.Jennifer Baker - 2013 - Social Philosophy and Policy 30 (1-2):297-313.
    In this essay I argue that contemporary accounts of virtue ought to incorporate methods ancient virtue ethicists used in addressing an audience whose members were interested in improving their behavior. Ancient examples of these methods, I argue, model how to represent practical rationality in ethical arguments. They show us that when we argue for virtue we ought to address common claims, refer to moral reasoning as a stepwise process, and focus on norms when making recommendations. Our own ethical arguments will (...)
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  50. Personality-Suggestion.J. Mark Baldwin - 1894 - Psychological Review 1 (3):274-279.
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