Christianisme et politique en Amerique Latine: ou en est la Theologie de la Liberation? (Christianity and Politics in Latin America: where is the Theology of Liberation?) - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2009v7n15p7.
In this article an approximate profile of Mariategui´s thoughts on the importance of religion in marxist philosophy is presented. His philosophy is quite distant from the orthodox Marxist doctrine on the religious question, where it is seen as the opium of the poor. Mariategui considers that social..
Le Marxism in Latin America. From José Carlos Mariategui to Chiapas and the Zapatists José Carlos Mariagegui, the first major Latin American Marxist thinker, who died in 1939, considered socialism to be the sole alternative to the domination of Latin American by US imperialism. He dreamt of an Indo-American socialism which would not be the mere carbon-copy of precedents elsewhere; which, on the contrary, would be the heroic creation of the peoples of the continent. Because of the hegemony of Stalinism (...) within the Latin American left, it was in fact the « carbon-copy » which was to dominate thinking for many years. The renewal of Marxism was to come about in the 1960s, with the Cuban revolution and the rise of Guevarism, whose repercussions include the theology of liberation and movements such as the Mexican Zapatist movement of the 1990s. (shrink)
_ Source: _Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 95 - 104 Martin Buber was a creative and heterodox socialist thinker. His socialist utopia was based on the idea of a new community that does not hark back to ancient forms, but wants to overcome modern society while incorporating its achievements, such as the principle of individual freedom. It is not bound, like the old _Gemeinschaft_—the tribe, the clan, the religious sect—by one single word or opinion that soon freezes into dogma and (...) rigid law, but by a common life characterized by freedom and creativity, which require a diversity of opinions. (shrink)
Rosa Luxemburg and Communism. There are four topics in Rosa Luxemburg’s writings which are of particular importance from the perspective of a refoundation of communism in the 21th century : internationalism, an “open” conception of history, the importance of democracy in the revolutionary process, and the interest in the “pre-modern” communist traditions. This last aspect of Luxemburg’s thinking is less well known. By confronting the industrial capitalist civilization with the communitarian past of humanity, Rosa Luxemburg broke with linear evolutionism, positivism, (...) social-darwinism and with all the interpretations of Marxism which tend to reduce it to an advanced version of the philosophy of inevitable progress. The issue, in these texts, is, in the last analysis, the very meaning of the Marxist conception of history. (shrink)
Mannheim and Marxism : Ideology and utopia Ideology and Utopia is a work which, in its conceptual and methodological apparatus, has a far greater debt to Marxism and to Lukacs than is evident from the few explicit references figuring in the text. The entire problematic of Standortgebundenheit, of the complicity between thought and social being, is the product of the successful grafting of Marxism onto an underlying historicism. This, in our opinion, is one of the most interesting intellectual contributions of (...) Mannheim. The central sociological question in the book is, furthermore a typically « Lukacsian » one: the question of the social position or locus best able to apprehend the truth. True, Mannheim’s answer is not that of Marxism: it is to the unconnected intelligentsia that Mannheim grants the privilege of cognitive legitimacy, in view of its aptitude to achieve a “dynamic” synthesis between the various perspectives. (shrink)
Critical Irrealism There is much relevance in the concept of critical realism, but it tends to become exclusive: too often realism appears as the only acceptable form of art, and the only one having a critical edge towards the existing social reality. Are there not many non-realist works of art which are valuable and contain a powerfull critique of the social order? In other words: does it not exist a category of artistic creations that could be defined as critical irrealism? (...) is term obviously does not exist in any dictionary, but it is helpful in describing a vast area of the literary landscape which has been neglected. (shrink)
C’est le sociologue Karl Mannheim qui a donné sa formulation « classique » – et encore aujourd’hui la plus pertinente – de l’utopie : toutes les représentations, aspirations ou images de désir , qui s’orientent vers la rupture de l’ordre établi et exercent une « fonction subversive » .1La..
The Marxist Theory of the Party This paper examines the conceptions of the revolutionary party among some of the most importantMarxist thinkers of the XXth century, through three interrelated essential issues : 1) the levels of classconsciousness ; 2) the relationship of the party to the masses, in particular during a revolution ; 3) theinternal structure of the party. In our view, the chosen authors – Lenin, Rosa Luxemburg, Gramsci,Lukacs, Trotsky – belong to the same « current » in Marxism, (...) a current which tries to develop, considering the conditions of the XXth century, Marx’s theses on the communist revolution and theproletarian self-emancipation ; a current which is contradictory and diverse, inside of which Leninand Luxemburg represent two partially opposed and partially complementary poles. (shrink)
The Progress of the Left in Latin America: Governments, Social Movements, the Struggles of the Amerindian Populations Gérard Duménil and Michaël Löwy here interview Michel Lemoine about the nature of the governments currently in office in Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Bolivia and Venezuela. What contribution can these governments make to the task of establishing an anti-imperialist front? What are the specific features of the Latin American resistance to neo-liberalism, in view of the articulation between this resistance and the struggles of the (...) Amerindian populations? How is one to assess the manner in which Chavez defines and attempts to implement his project of a “socialism for the twenty-first century”. These are the principal questions addressed here. (shrink)
Unusual Marx « Peuchet : vom Selbstmord » (1846 is to a large extent composed of – translated – excerpts from Peuchet, a former head of the French police archives under the Restoration. This small and almost forgotten article is, in fact, one of the most powerful indictments of womens' oppression ever published under Marx's signature and a precious contribution to a richer understanding of the evils of modern bourgeois society, of the suffering that its patriarchal family-structure inflicts on women, (...) and of the broad and universal emancipatory scope of socialism. (shrink)
On Marx et Marxisms. In response to the questions addressed by Jacques Bidet and Bruno Tinel, Gérard Duménil, Michael Löwy and Emmanuel Renault here outline the approach they adopted in their two recently published books on Marx, and on Marxisms . The questions raised here mainly hinge on the articulation between the political, the philosophical and the economic dimension of Marx’s writings, and the way these can be mobilised within contemporary debates.