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  1.  118 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (1985). Multinational Decision-Making: Reconciling International Norms. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 4 (4):357 - 366.
    How should highly-placed multinational managers, typically schooled in home country moral traditions, reconcile conflicts between those traditions and ones of the host country? When host country standards for pollution, discrimination, and salary schedules appear substandard from the perspective of the home country, should the manager take the high road and implement home country standards? Or does the high road imply a failure to respect cultural diversity and national integrity? In this paper, I construct and defend an ethical algorithm for multinational (...)
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  2.  100 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (2012). Three Ethical Roots of the Economic Crisis. Journal of Business Ethics 106 (1):5-8.
    On Sept 15, 2008, ‘‘Dark Monday,’’ the world witnessed a radical reshaping of Wall Street. Lehman Brothers fell toward bankruptcy; Merrill Lynch was sold to its rival, Bank of America; and AIG pleaded for $40 billion in government relief. Those calamities marched in step with a dismal parade including the US government takeover of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the bailout of Bear Stearns, and the entire subprime debacle. We rightly blame Wall Street leaders for bungling business decisions, for misestimating (...)
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  3.  83 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (1989). Moral Minimums for Multinationals. Ethics and International Affairs 3 (1):163–182.
    Donaldson argues that major changes are necessary in the decision-making process as well as in the conduct of multinational corporations in order to exercise moral obligations and meet culture-specific needs of host countries.
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  4.  64 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson & Thomas W. Dunfee (1995). Integrative Social Contracts Theory. Economics and Philosophy 11 (01):85-.
    Difficult moral issues in economic life, such as evaluating the impact of hostile takeovers and plant relocations or determining the obligations of business to the environment, constitute the raison d'etre of business ethics. Yet, while the ultimate resolution of such issues clearly requires detailed, normative analysis, a shortcoming of business ethics is that to date it has failed to develop an adequate normative theory.1 The failing is especially acute when it results in an inability to provide a basis for fine-grained (...)
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  5.  54 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (2015). Reading the Book of the World. Philosophical Studies 172 (4):1051-1077.
    In Writing the Book of the World, Ted Sider argues that David Lewis’s distinction between those predicates which are ‘perfectly natural’ and those which are not can be extended so that it applies to words of all semantic types. Just as there are perfectly natural predicates, there may be perfectly natural connectives, operators, singular terms and so on. According to Sider, one of our goals as metaphysicians should be to identify the perfectly natural words. Sider claims that there is a (...)
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  6.  45 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (2001). The Ethical Wealth of Nations. Journal of Business Ethics 31 (1):25 - 36.
    Michael Porter argues that some nations manifest a competitive advantage deriving from key elements of their economic structure. Some nations are thus disposed by structure to possess what Porter calls a "competitive advantage of nations" (Porter, 1990). In this paper I examine the prospect of an ethical advantage of nations, and in particular, of a set of advantages that extend far beyond the simple dimension of trust so often discussed. I consider, further, how such a range of ethical features would (...)
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  7.  43 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (1995). International Deontology Defended: A Response to Russell Hardin. Ethics and International Affairs 9 (1):147–154.
    Donaldson argues that agreeing with Hardin to banish deontological justifications from international discussion amounts to abandoning the power of deontology to interpret political intent and to establish hard limits on political behavior.
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  8.  39 DLs
    Bradley R. Agle, Thomas Donaldson & R. Edward Freeman (2008). Dialogue: Toward Superior Stakeholder Theory. Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (2):153-190.
    A quick look at what is happening in the corporate world makes it clear that the stakeholder idea is alive, well, and flourishing; and the question now is not “if ” but “how” stakeholder theory will meet the challenges of its success. Does stakeholder theory’s “arrival” mean continued dynamism, refinement, and relevance, or stasis? How will superior stakeholder theory continue to develop? In light of these and related questions, the authors of these essays conducted an ongoing dialogue on the current (...)
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  9.  34 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (1985). Nuclear Deterrence and Self-Defense. Ethics 95 (3):537-548.
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  10.  29 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (2009). Compass and Dead Reckoning: The Dynamic Implications of ISCT. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 88 (4):659 - 664.
    The dynamic relationship between hypernorms and microsocial contracts can explain novel, evolutionary changes in economic life. The conceptual machinery of Integrative Social Contracts Theory (ISCT) can be expanded in order to understand dynamic moments in the evolution in economic life such as the economic crisis of 2008–2009. When a transition in the ethical interpretation of economic events occurs over time, it can be understood as a transition from the opaqueness of hypernorms to the relative clarity of microsocial contracts. This phenomenon (...)
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  11.  21 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (1990). Social Contracts and Corporations: A Reply to Hodapp. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 9 (2):133 - 137.
    In this reply to Professor Hodapp's criticism of my social contract theory, I focus on the misinterpretations I believe Professor Hodapp makes of the social contract tradition as well as my version of the contract. By misinterpreting the underlying purpose of social contract theory, he neglects the contract's heuristic or functional dimension, something that leads him to downplay the importance of the contract as a conceptual catalyst. And by adopting an overly narrow notion of rationality, he imagines circularity where none (...)
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  12.  18 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (1990). Morally Privileged Relationships. Journal of Value Inquiry 24 (1):1-15.
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  13.  18 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson & R. Edward Freeman (eds.) (1994). Business as a Humanity. Oxford University Press.
    This latest volume in the acclaimed Ruffin Series in Business Ethics brings together the contributions to the annual Ruffin Lecture series, in which some of the leading scholars in business ethics addressed the question: Can business, and business education, be considered one of the humanities, or is it in a class by itself? At a time when business is coming under attack for its apparent transgressions, this book iluminates the special values that inhere in the business world. Arguing all sides (...)
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  14.  18 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (1991). Moral Mazes: The World of Corporate Managers, Robert Jackall. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988, Vii + 249 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 7 (02):295-.
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  15.  17 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (1992). The Language of International Corporate Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly 2 (3):271-281.
    This paper identifies six basic languages of morals and shows that while in general it is impossible to say that one moral language is better, some languages are better for the purpose of characterizing international corporate responsibility. In particular, moral languages that imly minimum rather than perfectionist standards of behavior, and which are not overly dependent on analogy with human moral psychology, are better than ones ranging broadly over both minimum and maximum standards and requiring analogy to human beings. Languages (...)
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  16.  16 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (2014). A Trivialist's Travails. Philosophia Mathematica 22 (3):380-401.
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  17.  15 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (2002). The Stakeholder Revolution and the Clarkson Principles. Business Ethics Quarterly 12 (2):107-112.
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  18.  15 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (2008). Hedge Fund Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (3):405-416.
    Hedge funds are targets of mounting ethical criticism. The most salient focuses on their opacity. Hedge funds are structured to block transparency for strategic reasons: that is, they systematically deny information to their own investors and to governments in order to protect their competitive advantage, even though the information they hide holds tremendous significance for the interests of both groups. In this article I will detail the ethical allegations made against hedge funds, showing why their opacity creates intractable conflicts that (...)
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  19.  14 DLs
    Thomas J. Donaldson (1978). A Mistake in Anscombe's Account of Voluntary Action. Journal of Value Inquiry 12 (4):307-310.
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  20.  12 DLs
    Philipp Schreck, Dominik van Aaken & Thomas Donaldson (2013). Positive Economics and the Normativistic Fallacy. Business Ethics Quarterly 23 (2):297-329.
    In response to criticism of empirical or “positive” approaches to corporate social responsibility (CSR), we defend the importance of these approaches for any CSR theory that seeks to have practical impact. Although we acknowledge limitations to positive approaches, we unpack the neglected but crucial relationships between positive knowledge on the one hand and normative knowledge on the other in the implementation of CSR principles. Using the structure of a practical syllogism, we construct a model that displays the key role of (...)
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  21.  12 DLs
    Thomas J. Donaldson (1982). What is Business in America? Journal of Business Ethics 1 (4):259 - 266.
    This paper, presented at the Conference on Value Issues in Business at Millsaps College, is divided into three parts. The first sketches the logic of the evolution of U.S. business and suggests reasons for its remarkable success. The second assesses the power of U.S. business in modern society, both from an economic and political perspective. The third attempts to formulate the underlying philosophy of U.S. business using ideals such as the work ethic, entrepreneurism, democracy, and equality. Some of these ideals, (...)
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  22.  11 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (1995). Book Review:Competing with Integrity in International Business. Richard T. DeGeorge. [REVIEW] Ethics 106 (1):215-.
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  23.  11 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (1987). Nonstrategic Nuclear Thinking:The Logic of Deterrence. Anthony Kenny; Nuclear Weapons and the Future of Humanity: The Fundamental Questions. Avner Cohen, Steven Lee. Ethics 97 (3):638-.
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  24.  10 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (2015). Platitudes in Mathematics. Synthese 192 (6):1799-1820.
    The term ‘continuous’ in real analysis wasn’t given an adequate formal definition until 1817. However, important theorems about continuity were proven long before that. How was this possible? In this paper, I introduce and refine a proposed answer to this question, derived from the work of Frank Jackson, David Lewis and other proponents of the ‘Canberra plan’. In brief, the proposal is that before 1817 the meaning of the term ‘continuous’ was determined by a number of ‘platitudes’ which had some (...)
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  25.  9 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (forthcoming). Rights. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:66-77.
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  26.  9 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (1986). The Ethics of Risk in the Global Economy. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 5 (3/4):31-49.
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  27.  9 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (1994). Introduction. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:3-8.
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  28.  8 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (1990). Morals By Agreement. By David Gauthier. Modern Schoolman 68 (1):93-94.
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  29.  8 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (1995). Contractarian Business Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (2):173-186.
    Social contract is rapidly becoming one of the significant alternatives for analyzing ethical issues in business. Contractarian approachesemphasizing consent as a means of justifying principles can provide needed context for rendering normative judgements conceming economic behaviors. Current research issues include developing tests of consent for both hypothetical and extant social contracts, and empirically testing the assumptions of the major contractarian approaches. Open questions include exploring the relationship between contractarian business ethics and other approaches, such as stakeholder management and virtue based (...)
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  30.  8 DLs
    Thomas Mark Eden Donaldson (2014). If There Were No Numbers, What Would You Think? Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 3 (4):283-287.
    Hartry Field has argued that mathematical realism is epistemologically problematic, because the realist is unable to explain the supposed reliability of our mathematical beliefs. In some of his discussions of this point, Field backs up his argument by saying that our purely mathematical beliefs do not ‘counterfactually depend on the facts’. I argue that counterfactual dependence is irrelevant in this context; it does nothing to bolster Field's argument.
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  31.  7 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (forthcoming). Bhopal. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:110-115.
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  32.  7 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (1988). Disinvestment. Public Affairs Quarterly 2 (2):37-55.
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  33.  7 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (1984). Book Review:Ethics in the World of Business. David Braybrooke. [REVIEW] Ethics 95 (1):167-.
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  34.  7 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (1982). Business Ethics. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 1 (2):99-101.
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  35.  7 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (forthcoming). Realism. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:11-13.
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  36.  6 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (1986). Fact, Fiction, and the Social Contract. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 5 (1):40-46.
  37.  6 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (2001). Constructing a Social Contract for Business. In Alan R. Malachowski (ed.), Business Ethics: Critical Perspectives on Business and Management. Routledge 1--209.
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  38.  6 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (2001). Multinational Decision Making. In Alan R. Malachowski (ed.), Business Ethics: Critical Perspectives on Business and Management. Routledge 3--57.
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  39.  5 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (1994). When Integration Fails. Business Ethics Quarterly 4 (2):157-169.
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  40.  5 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (2000). Are Business Managers “Professionals”? Business Ethics Quarterly 10 (1):83-94.
    This paper examines two issues about professionalism and business that appear at first blush to be entirely separate. The first is the question of who counts as a “professional,” and whether, in particular, business people are “professionals.” The second issue is howacknowledged professionals that regularly interact with business, such as accountants, lawyers, and physicians, can find the moral free space necessary to maintain professional integrity in the face of financial pressures. Conflicts of interest for professionals working incorporations recur with disturbing (...)
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  41.  5 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (forthcoming). The Ethics of Risk. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:109-110.
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  42.  5 DLs
    Thomas J. Donaldson (1997). Morally Informed Iconoclasm. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:105-108.
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  43.  4 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (2001). Ethics in Cyberspace: Have We Seen This Movie Before? Business and Society Review 106 (4):273-291.
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  44.  4 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (forthcoming). Overview. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:6-8.
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  45.  4 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (forthcoming). Notes. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:165-185.
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  46.  3 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (forthcoming). The Failure of Realism. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:10-11.
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  47.  3 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (1979). Meaning and the Moral Sciences. Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):203-205.
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  48.  3 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (forthcoming). Conclusion. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:145-151.
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  49.  3 DLs
    Thomas Donaldson (forthcoming). Appendix. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:153-163.
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