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Carson Strong [58]Carson Mccarty Strong [1]
  1.  93
    Specified Principlism: What is It, and Does It Really Resolve Cases Better Than Casuistry?Carson Strong - 2000 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (3):323 – 341.
    Principlism has been advocated as an approach to resolving concrete cases and issues in bioethics, but critics have pointed out that a main problem for principlism is its lack of a method for assigning priorities to conflicting ethical principles. A version of principlism referred to as 'specified principlism' has been put forward in an attempt to overcome this problem. However, none of the advocates of specified principlism have attempted to demonstrate that the method actually works in resolving detailed clinical cases. (...)
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  2. Theoretical and Practical Problems with Wide Reflective Equilibrium in Bioethics.Carson Strong - 2010 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (2):123-140.
    Various theories have been put forward in an attempt to explain what makes moral judgments justifiable. One of the main theories currently advocated in bioethics is a form of coherentism known as wide reflective equilibrium. In this paper, I argue that wide reflective equilibrium is not a satisfactory approach for justifying moral beliefs and propositions. A long-standing theoretical problem for reflective equilibrium has not been adequately resolved, and, as a result, the main arguments for wide reflective equilibrium are unsuccessful. Moreover, (...)
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  3.  59
    Cloning and Infertility.Carson Strong - 1998 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (3):279-293.
    Although there are important moral arguments against cloning human beings, it has been suggested that there might be exceptional cases in which cloning humans would be ethically permissible. One type of supposed exceptional case involves infertile couples who want to have children by cloning. This paper explores whether cloning would be ethically permissible in infertility cases and the separate question of whether we should have a policy allowing cloning in such cases. One caveat should be stated at the beginning, however. (...)
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  4.  31
    Harming by Conceiving: A Review of Misconceptions and a New Analysis. [REVIEW]Carson Strong - 2005 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (5):491 – 516.
    An objection often is raised against the use of reproductive technology to create "nontraditional families," as in ovum donation for postmenopausal women or postmortem artificial insemination. The objection states that conceiving children in such circumstances is harmful to them because of adverse features of these nontraditional families. A similar objection is raised when parents, through negligence or willful disregard of risks, create children with serious genetic diseases or other developmental handicaps. It is claimed that such reproduction harms the children who (...)
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  5.  23
    Should We Be Putting a Good Face on Facial Transplantation?Carson Strong - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):13 – 14.
  6.  77
    Justifying Group-Specific Common Morality.Carson Strong - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (1):1-15.
    Some defenders of the view that there is a common morality have conceived such morality as being universal, in the sense of extending across all cultures and times. Those who deny the existence of such a common morality often argue that the universality claim is implausible. Defense of common morality must take account of the distinction between descriptive and normative claims that there is a common morality. This essay considers these claims separately and identifies the nature of the arguments for (...)
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  7.  69
    Critiques of Casuistry and Why They Are Mistaken.Carson Strong - 1999 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (5):395-411.
    Casuistic methods of reasoning in medical ethics have been criticized by a number of authors. At least five main objections to casuistry have been put forward: (1) it requires a uniformity of views that is not present in contemporary pluralistic society; (2) it cannot achieve consensus on controversial issues; (3) it is unable to examine critically intuitions about cases; (4) it yields different conclusions about cases when alternative paradigms are chosen; and (5) it cannot articulate the grounds of its conclusions. (...)
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  8.  36
    Can't You Control Your Children?Carson Strong - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (1):12 – 13.
  9.  27
    Lost in Translation: Religious Arguments Made Secular.Carson Strong - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (3):29 – 31.
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  10.  26
    Kukla’s Argument Against Common Morality as a Set of Precepts.Carson Strong - 2014 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (1):93-99.
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  11.  25
    Moral Status and the Fetus: Continuation of a Dialogue.Carson Strong - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (5):52-54.
  12.  23
    Ethical and Legal Aspects of Sperm Retrieval After Death or Persistent Vegetative State.Carson Strong - 1999 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (4):347-358.
    Several methods have been reported for extracting sperm from a man after he dies or enters a persistent vegetative state. Although such sperm retrieval could be performed for nonprocreative purposes, such as research, in this paper I focus on cases involving procreative intent. Since 1980, more than ninety cases have occurred in which family members requested sperm retrieval from patients who died or were irreversibly unconscious, with the intent that a wife, girlfriend, or other woman would be inseminated. Recently, the (...)
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  13.  16
    Do Embryonic “Patients” Have Moral Interests?Carson Strong - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (7):40 – 42.
  14.  68
    Preembryo Personhood: An Assessment of the President’s Council Arguments. [REVIEW]Carson Strong - 2006 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (5):433-453.
    The President’s Council on Bioethics has addressed the moral status of human preembryos in its reports on stem cell research and human therapeutic cloning. Although the Council has been criticized for being hand-picked to favor the right-to-life viewpoint concerning human preembryos, it has embraced the idea that the right-to-life position should be defended in secular terms. This is an important feature of the Council’s work, and it demonstrates a recognition of the need for genuine engagement between opposing sides in the (...)
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  15.  6
    Ethical and Legal Aspects of Sperm Retrieval After Death or Persistent Vegetative State.Carson Strong - 1999 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (4):347-358.
    Several methods have been reported for extracting sperm from a man after he dies or enters a persistent vegetative state. Although such sperm retrieval could be performed for nonprocreative purposes, such as research, in this paper I focus on cases involving procreative intent. Since 1980, more than ninety cases have occurred in which family members requested sperm retrieval from patients who died or were irreversibly unconscious, with the intent that a wife, girlfriend, or other woman would be inseminated. Recently, the (...)
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  16. Overview: A Framework for Reproductive Ethics.Carson Strong - 2002 - In Donna L. Dickenson (ed.), Ethical Issues in Maternal-Fetal Medicine. Cambridge University Press. pp. 17--36.
     
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  17.  27
    How Should IVF Programs Handle Initial Disclosure of Information to Prospective Ovum Donors?Carson Strong - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (4):23 – 25.
    (2001). How Should IVF Programs Handle Initial Disclosure of Information to Prospective Ovum Donors? The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 23-25.
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  18.  60
    Exploring Questions About Common Morality.Carson Strong - 2009 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (1):1-9.
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  19.  20
    Conscientious Objection the Morning After.Carson Strong - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):32 – 34.
  20.  17
    Why Public Policy on Embryo Research Should Not Be Based on Religion.Carson Strong - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (3):33-35.
  21.  17
    The Limited Utility of Utilitarian Analysis.Carson Strong - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3):67-69.
  22.  78
    Reply to Marquis: How Things Stand with the 'Future Like Ours' Argument.Carson Strong - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (9):567-569.
    In an earlier essay in this journal I critiqued Don Marquis's well-known argument against abortion. I distinguished two versions of Marquis's argument, which I refer to as ‘the essence argument’ and ‘the sufficient condition argument’. I presented two counterexamples showing that the essence argument was mistaken, and I argued that the sufficient condition argument should be rejected because Marquis had not adequately responded to an important objection to it. In response to my critique, Marquis put forward in this journal a (...)
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  23.  10
    Respecting the Health Care Decision-Making Capacity of Minors.Carson Strong - 1994 - Bioethics Forum 11 (4):7-12.
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  24.  15
    Lunch with Lilly: Who Pays?Carson Strong - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):62-63.
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  25.  15
    Patients Should Not Always Come First in Treatment Decisions.Carson Strong - 1993 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 4 (1):63.
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  26.  12
    An Ethics Committee in a Reproductive Health Clinic for Mentally Handicapped Persons.Thomas E. Elkins, Carson Strong, Alan R. Wolfe & Douglas Brown - 1986 - Hastings Center Report 16 (3):20-22.
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  27.  23
    Why Academic Medical Centers Should Ban Drug Company Gifts to Individuals.Carson Strong - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (1):13-15.
  28.  24
    Case Commentary: Parental Request for Life-Prolonging Interventions.Carson Strong - 2007 - HEC Forum 19 (4):377-380.
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  29.  19
    Gert's Theory of Common Morality.Carson Strong - 2007 - Metaphilosophy 38 (4):535-545.
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  30. Paternalism in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.Carson Strong - 1984 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 5 (1).
    Two factors are discussed which have important implications for the issue of paternalism in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU): the physician's role as advocate for the patient; and the range of typical responses of parents who learn that their neonate has a serious illness. These factors are pertinent to the task of identifying those actions which are paternalistic, as well as to the question of whether paternalism is justified. It is argued that certain behavior by physicians which is often (...)
     
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  31.  22
    Too Many Twins, Triplets, Quadruplets, and So On: A Call for New Priorities.Carson Strong - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (2):272-282.
    Assisted reproductive technology has enabled thousands of infertile couples to experience the joys of parenthood. At various times, however, significant problems have come to light concerning the providing of infertility treatment in the United States. An early problem was misleading advertising by some infertility programs, particularly in regard to pregnancy success rates. This unacceptable activity suggested the need for more oversight of assisted reproductive technology and prompted the passage of a federal law requiring the reporting of success rates in a (...)
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  32.  10
    Obtaining Stem Cells: Moving From Scylla Toward Charybdis.Carson Strong - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (6):21 – 23.
  33.  10
    Those Divisive Stem Cells: Dealing with Our Most Contentious Issues.Carson Strong - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (1):39 – 40.
  34.  18
    Commentary.Carson Strong - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (4):541-542.
    In this case, one should expect that providing hydration sufficient to maintain fluid balance would tend to prolong the dying process. In a well-known case at Johns Hopkins University, fluids (and feedings) were withheld from a newborn with anomalies, and the infant died after 15 days, compared to three weeks in the present case, in which fluids were given. In the famous Baby Doe case, fluids and nutrition were withheld and the infant lived only six days. In the case at (...)
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  35.  27
    Gamete Retrieval After Death or Irreversible Unconsciousness: What Counts as Informed Consent?Carson Strong - 2006 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (2):161-171.
    The first reported case of postmortem sperm retrieval occurred in 1978, involving a man who became brain dead after a motor vehicle accident and whose wife requested removal of his sperm so that she could be artificially inseminated. Physicians performed the retrieval by surgically excising the ducts that transport sperm from the testes and removing sperm from them. Since that time, several other methods for retrieving sperm from such patients have been reported, and at least 141 cases have been documented (...)
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  36.  25
    Positive Killing and the Irreversibly Unconscious Patient.Carson Strong - 1981 - Bioethics Quarterly 3 (3-4):190-205.
    Various arguments have been given against positive euthanasia, but little attention has been given to the question of whether these arguments are uniformly effective in all contexts. There appears to be a range of cases, involving non-voluntary killing of irreversibly unconscious patients, in which these arguments do not succeed. Various reasons have been given in support of positive killing in such cases. It can be argued that there is a range of cases for which a policy of allowing positive killing (...)
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  37.  47
    Response to ???May a Woman Clone Herself???? By Jean E. Chambers (CQ Vol 10, No 2) and ???Entitlement to Cloning??? By Timothy F. Murphy (CQ Vol 8, No 3). [REVIEW]Carson Strong - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (1):76-82.
    Jean E. Chambers and Timothy F. Murphy responded to my article “Cloning and Infertility” and extended the debate over human cloning in interesting ways. I had argued that none of the objections to cloning by somatic cell nuclear transfer are successful in the context of infertile couples who use cloning to have genetically related children, assuming the issue of safety is overcome by scientific advances.
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  38.  65
    Abortion Decisions as Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria in Research Involving Pregnant Women and Fetuses.Carson Strong - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (1):43-47.
    From the perspective of investigators conducting research involving pregnant women and fetuses, a woman's decision about whether to have an abortion can sometimes be relevant to the suitability of the woman and fetus as research subjects. However, prominent ethicists disagree over whether it is permissible for a woman's decision about abortion to be an inclusion or exclusion criterion for participation in research. A widely held view is that fetuses to be aborted and fetuses to be carried to term should be (...)
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  39.  18
    A Few More Comments on Common Morality, Noting Some Points of Agreement.Carson Strong - 2014 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (1):103-104.
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  40.  48
    Cloning and Adoption: A Reply to Levy and Lotz: Debate.Carson Strong - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (2):130-136.
  41.  20
    Case Studies: Maternal Rights, Fetal Harms.Carson Strong & Kathy Kinlaw - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (3):21.
  42.  15
    Continuing the Dialogue: A Reply to Bernard Gert.Carson Strong - 2006 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (2):189-194.
    : Continuing the dialogue begun in the March 2006 issue of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, I suggest that Bernard Gert's response to my paper does not adequately address the criticisms I make of his theory's application to bioethics cases.
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  43.  8
    Delivering Hydrocephalic Fetuses.Carson Strong - 1991 - Bioethics 5 (1):1–22.
  44. Delivering Hydrocephalic Fetuses.Carson Strong - 1991 - Bioethics 5 (1):1-22.
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  45.  14
    Defective Infants and Their Impact on Families: Ethical and Legal Considerations.Carson Strong - 1983 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 11 (4):168-172.
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  46.  4
    Defective Infants and Their Impact on Families: Ethical and Legal Considerations.Carson Strong - 1983 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 11 (4):168-172.
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  47. Ethics in Reproductive and Perinatal Medicine: A New Frontier.Carson Strong & Bonnie Steinbock - 1998 - Bioethics 12 (3):253-255.
  48.  11
    Euthanasia: Is the Concept Really Nonevaluative?Carson Strong - 1980 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 5 (4):313-325.
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  49.  66
    Embryology, Metaphysics, and Common Sense: A Response to Gómez-Lobo.Carson Strong - 2007 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (4):337-340.
  50.  36
    Gert's Moral Theory and its Application to Bioethics Cases.Carson Strong - 2006 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (1):39-58.
    : Bernard Gert's theory of morality has received much critical attention, but there has been relatively little commentary on its practical value for bioethics. An important test of an ethical theory is its ability to yield results that are helpful and plausible when applied to real cases. An examination of Gert's theory and his own attempts to apply it to bioethics cases reveals that there are serious difficulties with regard to its application. These problems are sufficiently severe to support the (...)
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