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Genoveva Martí
ICREA And University Of Barcelona
  1. Against Semantic Multi-Culturalism.Genoveva Marti - 2009 - Analysis 69 (1):42-48.
    E. Machery, R. Mallon, S. Nichols and S. Stich, have argued that there is empirical evidence against Kripke’s claim that names are not descriptive. Their argument is based on an experiment that compares the intuitions about proper name use of a group of English speakers in Hong Kong with those of a group of non-Chinese American students. The results of the experiment suggest that in some cultures speakers use names descriptively. I argue that such a conclusion is incorrect, for the (...)
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  2.  81
    Rigidity and General Terms.Genoveva Marti - 2004 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 104 (2):129–146.
    In this paper I examine two ways of defining the rigidity of general terms. First I discuss the view that rigid general terms express essential properties. I argue that the view is ultimately unsatisfactory, although not on the basis of the standard objections raised against it. I then discuss the characterisation in terms of sameness of designation in every possible world. I defend that view from two objections but I argue that the approach, although basically right, should be interpreted cautiously.
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  3.  39
    Do Modal Distinctions Collapse in Carnap's System?Genoveva Marti - 1994 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 23 (6):575 - 593.
    Føllesdal (1966 and 1969) claims that modal distinctions collapse, that is that p and Necessarily p are equivalent, in any system of modal logic that incorporates a standard theory of definite descriptions, like the one proposed by Carnap in M&N. I argue that his argument fails.
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  4.  15
    General Terms as Designators : A Defence of the View.Genoveva Martí & José Martínez-Fernández - 2010 - In Helen Beebee & Nigel Sabbarton-Leary (eds.), The Semantics and Metaphysics of Natural Kinds. Routledge. pp. 46--63.
    We argue that the view that kind terms designate universals does not fall prey to the trivialization problem. We also argue that the view can respond to other challenges, specifically, the claims that an adequate notion of rigidity for kind terms must: (a) classify natural kind terms as rigid and classify many other general terms as non-rigid and (b) account for the necessity of true theoretical identifications involving rigid terms.
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  5.  97
    The Question of Rigidity in New Theories of Reference.Genoveva Marti - 2003 - Noûs 37 (1):161 - 179.
    In the semantic revolution that has led many philosophers of language away from Fregeanism and towards the acceptance of direct reference, the notion of rigidity introduced by Saul Kripke in Naming and Necessity has played a crucial role. The notions of rigidity and direct reference are indeed different, but proponents of new theories of reference agree that there is a one way connection between them: although not all rigid terms are directly referential (witness rigid definite descriptions), all directly referential terms (...)
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  6. Reference and Experimental Semantics.Genoveva Marti - 2014 - In Edouard Machery & Elizabeth O’Neill (eds.), Current Controversies in Experimental Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 17-26.
    Experimental semanticists have concluded that there is wide variation in referential intuitions among speakers, for it appears that some speakers display referential intuitions that are in line with descriptivism, whereas other speakers’ intuitions are in line with the predictions of the causal-historical picture. In this chapter, I first situate the debate by comparing descriptivist and non-descriptivist approaches to reference. After examining some of the experimental results, I argue that the tests conducted do not elicit data that are relevant for semantic (...)
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  7.  21
    Empirical Data and the Theory of Reference.Genoveva Marti - 2012 - In William P. Kabasenche, Michael O'Rourke & Matthew H. Slater (eds.), Reference and Referring. Topics in Contemporary Philosophy. MIT Press. pp. 63-82.
    This paper is an extended response to Machery, Olivola and De Blanc (2009). I argue that the concerns I raised about Machery, Mallon, Nichols and Stich (2004) in Marti (2009) still stand.
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  8.  22
    Names, Descriptions and Causal Descriptions. Is the Magic Gone?Genoveva Martí - forthcoming - Topoi:1-9.
    Some of the fundamental lessons of the so-called revolution against descriptivism that occurred in the 70s are negative and it is not immediately apparent what kind of semantic theory should emerge as regards proper names, the alleged paradigms of genuinely referential terms. Some of the claims about names, most notably Ruth Barcan Marcus’ characterization of names as tags, appear to be too picturesque to provide the basis for a positive theory and, without a theory, it would seem that the referential (...)
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  9.  64
    The Essence of Genuine Reference.Genoveva Marti - 1995 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 24 (3):275-289.
    We have witnessed a fundamental change of perspective in the conception of reference. What the proponents of the new approach criticized and what they proposed to abandon is relatively clear; it is much less clear though what is at the heart of the philosophy that inspired the change. The proponents of the new approach all agreed in disagreeing with Frege: natural languages may, and in fact do, contain expressions that refer without the mediation of a Fregean sense. The core motto (...)
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  10.  22
    For the Disunity of Semantics.Genoveva Martí - 2014 - Mind and Language 29 (4):485-489.
    John Hawthorne and David Manley (The Reference Book, OUP 2012) endorse a unified treatment of the semantics of four kinds of expressions that can be said to have referential uses: specific indefinite descriptions, definite descriptions, demonstratives and proper names. The semantic theory the authors propose treats all these expressions as having a quantificational structure that achieves uniqueness of application via the presence of covert material contributing to the restriction of the domain of quantification. I argue that there are reasons to (...)
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  11. The Source of Intensionality.Genoveva Marti - 1993 - Philosophical Perspectives 7:197-206.
    There are obvious differences between (1) Mary is talking to the Dean and (2) Mary is looking for the Dean. In (1) we can replace "the Dean" by any other coextensional term and preserve truth value; also, from (1) we can infer that there is someone Mary is talking to. Such behavior breaks down in (2): neither intersubstitution of coextensional terms nor existential generalization guarantee preservation of truth value in a sentence like (2). (1) is purely extensional; (2) is intensional.
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  12.  29
    On Modality and Reference: Ruth Barcan Marcus (1921-2012).Genoveva Martí - 2012 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 31 (2):203-212.
    Obituary. Ruth Barcan Marcus' contributions to modal logic and to semantics are discussed.
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  13. Direct Reference and Definite Descriptions.Genoveva Marti - 2008 - Dialectica 62 (1):43–57.
    According to Donnellan the characteristic mark of a referential use of a definite description is the fact that it can be used to pick out an individual that does not satisfy the attributes in the description. Friends and foes of the referential/attributive distinction have equally dismissed that point as obviously wrong or as a sign that Donnellan’s distinction lacks semantic import. I will argue that, on a strict semantic conception of what it is for an expression to be a genuine (...)
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  14. Rigidity and General Terms.Genoveva Marti - 2004 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 104:131-148.
    In this paper I examine two ways of defining the rigidity of general terms. First I discuss the view that rigid general terms express essential properties. I argue that the view is ultimately unsatisfactory, although not on the basis of the standard objections raised against it. I then discuss the characterisation in terms of sameness of designation in every possible world. I defend that view from two objections but I argue that the approach, although basically right, should be interpreted cautiously.
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  15.  19
    The Nature and Structure of Content, by Jeffrey C. King. [REVIEW]Genoveva Martí & Dan Zeman - 2010 - Mind 119 (475):814-819.
  16.  1
    VII-Rigidity and General Terms.Genoveva Marti - 2004 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 104 (1):131-148.
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  17.  53
    Editor's Introduction.Genoveva Martí - 2013 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 28 (3):357-357.
    Editor's introduction to a section devoted to Ruth Barcan Marcus (1921-2012).
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  18.  19
    Rethinking Quine's Argument on the Collapse of Modal Distinctions.Genoveva Martí - 1997 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 38 (2):276-294.
    This paper examines and discusses an argument for the collapse of modal distincions offered by Quine in "Reference and Modality" and in Word and Object that relies exclusively on a version of the Principle of Substitution. It is argued that the argument does not affect its historical targets: Carnap's treatment of modality, presented in Meaning and Necessity, and Church's Logic of Sense and Denotation, developed by Kaplan; nor does it affect a treatment of modality inspired in Frege's treatment of oblique (...)
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  19.  45
    General Terms, Rigidity and the Trivialization Problem.Genoveva Martí & José Martínez-Fernández - 2011 - Synthese 181 (2):277 - 293.
    We defend the view that defines the rigidity of general terms as sameness of designated universal across possible worlds from the objection that such a characterization is incapable of distinguishing rigid from non-rigid readings of general terms and, thus, that it trivializes the notion of rigidity. We also argue that previous attempts to offer a solution to the trivialization problem do no succeed.
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  20.  58
    Rigidity and the Description of Counterfactual Situations.Genoveva Martí - 1998 - Theoria 13 (3):477-490.
    In this paper I discuss two approaches to rigidity. I argue that they differ in the general conception of semantics that each embraces. Moreover, I argue that they differ in how each explains the rigidity of general terms, and in what each presupposes in that explanation.
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  21.  32
    Aboutness and Substitutivity.Genoveva Marti - 1989 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 14 (1):127-139.
    The following Principle of Substitutivity holds for the former, but not for the latter sentence: (PS) The truth value of (the proposition expressed by) a sentence that contains an occurrence of t1 remains constant when t2 is substituted for t1, provided that t1 and t2 are codesignative singular terms. It is an undeniable fact that different sentences behave differently when it comes to which substitutions preserve their truth value. What is curious is that this fact has been presented by the (...)
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  22. Legal Disagreements and Theories of Reference.Genoveva Marti & Lorena Ramírez-Ludeña - 2016 - In Francesca Poggi (ed.), Pragmatics and Law. Perspectives in Pragmatics, Philosophy & Psychology. Springer. pp. 121-139.
    In this work we examine critically how two competing approaches to meaning account for disagreements. We will argue that Hart's conventionalist stance does not commit him to descriptivism. That non-descriptivist theories of reference, properly understood, can account for a vast array of cases of interpretive disagreement and that and that an account of different kinds of disagreement can be provided from a conventionalist perspective within the framework of non-descriptivist theories of reference.
     
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  23.  46
    The Significance of the Distinction Between Concept Mastery and Concept Possession.Genoveva Marti - 1998 - Philosophical Issues 9:163-167.
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  24.  9
    Reference.Genoveva Martí - 2012 - In Manuel García-Carpintero & Max Kölbel (eds.), The Continuum Companion to the Philosophy of Language. Continuum International.
    The purpose of this paper is to present and discuss the change of perspective that led a substantial number of philosophers of language away from the traditional descriptivist approach, and to examine the new theory that emerges from that change of perspective as well as some of the challenges the new theory faces.
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  25.  27
    Weak and Strong Directness: Reference and Thought. [REVIEW]Genoveva Marti - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (3):730-737.
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  26.  7
    4 Substitution, Identity, and the Subject-Predicate Structure.Genoveva Martı - 2007 - In Michael O'Rourke Corey Washington (ed.), Situating Semantics: Essays on the Philosophy of John Perry. pp. 93.
    One of the many important tasks of semantics is to provide an account of the substitution patterns of a language—that is, to furnish an explanation of the conditions under which semantic values of complexes are preserved when components are replaced. The importance of this issue is plain: we only have to recall the debates regarding substitutivity between proponents of direct reference theories and advocates of some version of Fregeanism, as well as the disagreements among different proponents of direct reference theories (...)
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  27.  13
    Stern, David. Wittgenstein on Mind and Language.Genoveva Martí - 1997 - Review of Metaphysics 50 (4):922-923.
  28.  21
    Review of Scott Soames, Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda of Naming and Necessity[REVIEW]Genoveva Marti - 2002 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (12).
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  29.  3
    Rigidity and the Description of Counterfactual Situations.Genoveva Martí - 1998 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 13 (3):477-490.
    In this paper I discuss two approaches to rigidity. I argue that they differ in the general conception of semantics that each embraces. Moreover, I argue that they differ in how each explains the rigidity of general terms, and in what each presupposes in that explanation.
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  30.  1
    Direct Reference and Definite Descriptions.Genoveva Marti - 2008 - Dialectica 62 (1):43-57.
    According to Donnellan the characteristic mark of a referential use of a definite description is the fact that it can be used to pick out an individual that does not satisfy the attributes in the description. Friends and foes of the referential/attributive distinction have equally dismissed that point as obviously wrong or as a sign that Donnellan's distinction lacks semantic import. I will argue that, on a strict semantic conception of what it is for an expression to be a genuine (...)
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  31. Thinking and Talking About Nothing.Manuel Garcia-Carpintero & Genoveva Martí (eds.) - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
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  32. Deflationism.Genoveva Marti - 2005 - In Keith Brown (ed.), Elsevier Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. 2nd edition. Elsevier. pp. 412-415.
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  33. Enciclopedia Ibero-Americana de Filosofía. Vol. 16.Genoveva Marti - 1999 - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas.
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  34. Forma Lógica.Genoveva Marti - 1999 - In Enciclopedia Ibero-Americana de Filosofía. Vol. 16. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. pp. 157-168.
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  35. General Terms and Non-Trivial Rigid Designation.Genoveva Marti & José Martínez-Fernández - 2007 - In C. Martínez (ed.), Current Topics in Logic and Analytic Philosophy. Universidad de Santiago de Compostela. pp. 103-116.
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  36. General Terms, Hybrid Theories and Ambiguitiy. A Discussion of Some Experimental Results.Genoveva Marti - 2015 - In Jussi Haukioja (ed.), Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Language. Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 157-172.
    I examine two sets of experimental results about the semantics of general terms, by Genone and Lombrozo (2012) and by Nichols, Pinillos and Mallon (forthcoming) that allegedly reveal significant variations in semantic intuitions as regards the correct application of general terms. The two sets of authors propose two entirely different semantic treatments: Genone and Lombrozo espouse a hybrid semantics whereas Nichols, Pinillos and Mallon are inclined towards an appeal to ambiguity. I cast some doubts on the coherence of a hybrid (...)
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  37. Informativeness and Multiple Senses.Genoveva Marti - 2014 - Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Costa Rica. Special Issue on Frege’s Puzzle (136):27-32.
    Stavroula Glezakos (2009) argues that Frege himself could not pose Frege’s puzzle without relying on the distinction between sense and reference, a distinction that the puzzle was supposed to motivate, not presuppose. In this paper I argue that there are still some puzzling questions about the informativeness of identity sentences, and I discuss a problem generated by the Fregean contention that one and the same proper name can have different senses for different speakers an issue that, in my view, Frege (...)
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  38. New Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Vol 8.Genoveva Marti - 1998
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  39. Rigidity and Genuine Reference.Genoveva Marti - 1996 - In C. Martínez Vidal, U. Rivas Monroy & L. Villegas Forero (eds.), Verdad, Lógica, Representación y Mundo. Publicaciones de la Universidad de Santiago de Compostela.
     
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  40. Review of Lecturas Filosóficas de Ciencia Cognitiva (Edited by Luis A. Pérez Miranda). [REVIEW]Genoveva Marti - 2011 - Investigación y Ciencia:93.
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  41. Reference Without Cognition.Genoveva Marti - 2015 - In Andrea Bianchi (ed.), On Reference. Oxford University Press. pp. 93-107.
    This paper discusses critically a proposal by David Kaplan and others to ground reference in an antecedent having in mind and it examines the commitments of a conception of reference freed of cognition.
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  42. Substitutivity.Genoveva Marti - 1989 - Dissertation, Stanford University
    This dissertation examines critically the assumptions of extensionalism and the traditional doctrine of substitutivity, according to which codesignativeness or coextensionality of terms should be a sufficient condition to guarantee intersubstitution of expression salva veritate. First, the discussion focuses on the traditional justifications of the extensionalist principles of substitutivity. The following alleged sources of support for extensionalism are examined: the claim that the extensionalist approach to substitutivity relies on fundamental principles outside the domain of semantics, like the Law of Indiscernibility of (...)
     
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  43. Sense and Reference.Genoveva Marti - 1998 - In New Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Vol 8. pp. 684-688.
  44. Tolerance, Flexibility and the Application of Kind Terms.Genoveva Martí & Lorena Ramírez-Ludeña - forthcoming - Synthese:1-14.
    We explore two ways of distinguishing the semantic operation of kind terms. First, we focus on a distinction between terms with a flexible versus terms with an inflexible semantics. Flexibility depends on whether some changes in the domain of application are taken to be possible while being consistent with past usage and what is intuitively the same meaning. On the other hand we discuss terms whose mode of operation is tolerant, in that the cohabitation in the speakers’ community of more (...)
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  45. Use Theories of Meaning.Genoveva Marti - 2005 - In Keith Brown (ed.), Elsevier Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. 2nd edition. Elsevier.
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