Results for 'Jan Christoph Westerhoff'

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Jan Westerhoff
Oxford University
  1.  62
    Nāgārjuna.Jan Christoph Westerhoff - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    There is unanimous agreement that Nāgārjuna (ca 150–250 AD) is the most important Buddhist philosopher after the historical Buddha himself and one of the most original and influential thinkers in the history of Indian philosophy. His philosophy of the “middle way” (madhyamaka) based around the central notion of “emptiness” (śūnyatā) influenced the Indian philosophical debate for a thousand years after his death; with the spread of Buddhism to Tibet, China, Japan and other Asian countries the writings of Nāgārjuna became an (...)
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  2. Crimes Against Minds: On Mental Manipulations, Harms and a Human Right to Mental Self-Determination. [REVIEW]Jan Christoph Bublitz & Reinhard Merkel - 2014 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 8 (1):51-77.
    The neurosciences not only challenge assumptions about the mind’s place in the natural world but also urge us to reconsider its role in the normative world. Based on mind-brain dualism, the law affords only one-sided protection: it systematically protects bodies and brains, but only fragmentarily minds and mental states. The fundamental question, in what ways people may legitimately change mental states of others, is largely unexplored in legal thinking. With novel technologies to both intervene into minds and detect mental activity, (...)
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  3.  8
    Cosmopolitan Responsibility. Global Injustice, Relational Equality, and Individual Agency.Jan-Christoph Heilinger - 2019 - De Gruyter.
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  4. Autonomy and Authenticity of Enhanced Personality Traits.Jan Christoph Bublitz & Reinhard Merkel - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (6):360-374.
    There is concern that the use of neuroenhancements to alter character traits undermines consumer's authenticity. But the meaning, scope and value of authenticity remain vague. However, the majority of contemporary autonomy accounts ground individual autonomy on a notion of authenticity. So if neuroenhancements diminish an agent's authenticity, they may undermine his autonomy. This paper clarifies the relation between autonomy, authenticity and possible threats by neuroenhancements. We present six neuroenhancement scenarios and analyse how autonomy accounts evaluate them. Some cases are considered (...)
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  5. Freedom of Thought in the Age of Neuroscience.Jan Christoph Bublitz - 2014 - Archiv für Rechts- Und Sozialphilosophie 100 (1):1-25.
    Freedom of thought is a fundamental human right, enshrined in many human rights treaties. It might very well be the only human right without any practical application. The paper reconstructs scope and meaning of this forgotten right and proposes four principles for its interpretation. In the age of neuroscientific insights and interventions into mind and brain that afford to alter thoughts, the time for the law to de fine freedom of thought in a way that lives up to its theoretical (...)
     
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  6.  51
    Human Freedom and Enhancement.Jan-Christoph Heilinger & Katja Crone - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (1):13-21.
    Ideas about freedom and related concepts like autonomy and self-determination play a prominent role in the moral debate about human enhancement interventions. However, there is not a single understanding of freedom available, and arguments referring to freedom are simultaneously used to argue both for and against enhancement interventions. This gives rise to misunderstandings and polemical arguments. The paper attempts to disentangle the different distinguishable concepts, classifies them and shows how they relate to one another in order to allow for a (...)
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  7.  1
    Anthropologie Und Ethik des Enhancements.Jan-Christoph Heilinger - 2010 - De Gruyter.
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  8.  5
    Doing collectivity: Eine praxeologische Annäherung an Kollektivität.Jan-Christoph Marschelke - 2019 - Zeitschrift Für Kultur- Und Kollektivwissenschaft 5 (1):79-114.
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  9.  1
    Between Prerogative Power and Legality – Reading Ernst Fraenkel’s The Dual State as an Analytical Tool for Present Authoritarian Rule.Jan Christoph Suntrup - 2020 - Jurisprudence 11 (3):335-359.
    ABSTRACT Ernst Fraenkel’s seminal study about Nazi law, in which he described the co-existence of a ‘normative state’ and a ‘prerogative state’ as principles of government, is to be rediscovered in the new age of the prerogative. Through a critical reading of The Dual State and other important texts by Fraenkel, this article seeks to contribute to the contemporary debate on regime types and governmental power in three regards: first, by clarifying Fraenkel’s concept of and perspective on law; second, by (...)
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  10.  14
    Who Controls the Past Controls the Future: Reconsolidating Concerns Over Memory Manipulations.Jan Christoph Bublitz, Martin Dresler, Simone Kuehn & Dimitris Repantis - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (4):247-249.
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  11.  33
    Der Cyborg und die Frage nach dem Menschen. Kritische Überlegungen zum „homo arte emendatus et correctus“.Jan-Christoph Heilinger & Oliver Müller - 2007 - Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 12 (1):21-44.
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  12.  6
    Data as a Cross-Cutting Dimension of Ethical Importance in Direct-to-Consumer Neurotechnologies.Stephen Rainey, Jan Christoph Bublitz, Hannah Maslen & Hannah Thornton - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (4):180-182.
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  13.  25
    Cosmopolitanism Within Borders: A Normative Foundation for Health Care for Asylum Seekers?Verina Wild & Jan-Christoph Heilinger - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (7):17 - 19.
    Asgary and Smith (2013) identify an important challenge: the difficult position of physicians caught between the obligation to treat every human being with the same professional rigor, and their feelings of responsibility toward the state and its judicial decisions on asylum requests. The authors show that in some cases this conflict leads to a tendency to "sacrifice their medical responsibilities". The authors' core demand is that health care workers should be independent of the state and judiciary systems, and thus prioritize (...)
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  14.  71
    The Dispeller of Disputes: Nagarjuna's Vigrahavyavartani.Jan Westerhoff - 2010 - Oup Usa.
    Nagarjuna's Vigrahavyavartani is one of the most important Madhyamaka Buddhist philosophical texts. Jan Westerhoff offers a new translation, reflecting the best current philological research and all available editions, and adds his own philosophical commentary on the text. His nuanced, philosophically sophisticated commentary explains Nagarjuna's arguments in a way that is both grounded in historical and textual scholarship and connected explicitly to contemporary philosophical concerns.
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  15.  93
    Nagarjuna's Madhyamaka: A Philosophical Introduction.Jan Westerhoff - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    The Indian philosopher Acarya Nagarjuna (c. 150-250 CE) was the founder of the Madhyamaka (Middle Path) school of Mahayana Buddhism and arguably the most influential Buddhist thinker after Buddha himself. Indeed, in the Tibetan and East Asian traditions, Nagarjuna is often referred to as the "second Buddha." This book presents a survey of the whole of Nagarjuna's philosophy based on his key philosophical writings. His primary contribution to Buddhist thought lies in the further development of the concept of sunyata or (...)
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  16.  19
    Streamlined Subrecursive Degree Theory.Lars Kristiansen, Jan-Christoph Schlage-Puchta & Andreas Weiermann - 2012 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 163 (6):698-716.
  17. Ontological Categories: Their Nature and Significance.Jan Westerhoff - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    The concept of an ontological category is central to metaphysics. Metaphysicians argue about which category of existence an object should be assigned to, whether one category can be reduced to another one, or whether there might be different equally adequate systems of categorization. Answers to these questions presuppose a clear understanding of what precisely an ontological category is, and Jan Westerhoff now provides the first in-depth analysis. After examining a variety of attempted definitions, he proceeds to argue for a (...)
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  18. The Golden Age of Indian Buddhist Philosophy.Jan Westerhoff - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    Jan Westerhoff unfolds the story of one of the richest episodes in the history of Indian thought, the development of Buddhist philosophy during the first millennium CE. He aims to offer the reader a systematic grasp of key Buddhist concepts such as non-self, suffering, reincarnation, karma, and nirvana.
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  19. Jan-Christoph Heilinger, Colin G. King, Héctor Wittwer (Hg.)-Individualität und Selbstbestimmung.Anke Redecker - 2010 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 63 (3):226.
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  20. On the Nihilist Interpretation of Madhyamaka.Jan Westerhoff - 2016 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 44 (2):337-376.
    Madhyamaka philosophy has been frequently characterized as nihilism, not just by its Buddhist and non-Buddhist opponents, but also by some contemporary Buddhologists. This characterization might well strike us as surprising. First, nihilism appears to be straightforwardly inconsistent. It would be curious if a philosophical school holding such an obviously deficient view would have acquired the kind of importance Madhyamaka has acquired in the Asian intellectual landscape over the last two millenia. Second, Madhyamaka by its very name proclaims to tread the (...)
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  21.  3
    Funktionen des Erlebens: Neue Perspektiven des Qualitativen Bewusstseins.Matthias Jung & Jan-Christoph Heilinger (eds.) - 2009 - Walter de Gruyter.
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  22.  32
    Nāgārjuna and the Philosophy of Language.Jan Westerhoff - 2019 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 47 (4):779-793.
    The purpose of this paper is to examine some of the key points of Nāgārjuna’s discussion of problems relating to the philosophy of language. We will focus on two works from Nāgārjuna’s yukti-corpus that address these matters most explicitly, the Vigrahavyāvartanī and the Vaidalyaprakaraṇa. The discussion will concentrate on four topics: Nāgārjuna’s views on semantics, the problem of empty names, the relation between language and momentariness, and the implications of Madhyamaka views on parts and wholes for the existence of language.
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  23.  40
    The Fifth Corner of Four: An Essay on Buddhist Metaphysics and the Catuṣkoṭi, by Graham Priest.Jan Westerhoff - 2020 - Mind 129 (515):965-974.
    _ The Fifth Corner of Four: An Essay on Buddhist Metaphysics and the Catuṣkoṭi _, by PriestGraham. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pp. 208.
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  24.  99
    Ideas of Perfection and the Ethics of Human Enhancement.Johann A. R. Roduit, Jan-Christoph Heilinger & Holger Baumann - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (9):622-630.
    Whatever ethical stance one takes in the debate regarding the ethics of human enhancement, one or more reference points are required to assess its morality. Some have suggested looking at the bioethical notions of safety, justice, and/or autonomy to find such reference points. Others, arguing that those notions are limited with respect to assessing the morality of human enhancement, have turned to human nature, human authenticity, or human dignity as reference points, thereby introducing some perfectionist assumptions into the debate. In (...)
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  25. Logical Relations Between Pictures.Jan Westerhoff - 2005 - Journal of Philosophy 102 (12):603 - 623.
    An implication relation between pictures is defined, it is then shown how conjunctions, disjunctions, negations, and hypotheticals of pictures can be formed on the basis of this. It is argued that these logical operations on pictures correspond to natural cognitive operations employed when thinking about pictures.
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  26. Human Enhancement and Perfection.Johann A. R. Roduit, Holger Baumann & Jan-Christoph Heilinger - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (10):647-650.
    Both, bioconservatives and bioliberals, should seek a discussion about ideas of human perfection, making explicit their underlying assumptions about what makes for a good human life. This is relevant, because these basic, and often implicit ideas, inform and influence judgements and choices about human enhancement interventions. Both neglect, and polemical but inconsistent use of the complex ideas of perfection are leading to confusion within the ethical debate about human enhancement interventions, that can be avoided by tackling the notion of perfection (...)
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  27.  4
    Memory, Authenticity, and Optogenethics.Jan Christoph Bublitz & Dimitris Repantis - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 12 (1):30-32.
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  28.  15
    Privacy Concerns in Brain–Computer Interfaces.Jan Christoph Bublitz - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (1):30-32.
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  29.  13
    Jan-Christoph Heilinger: Cosmopolitan Responsibility - Global Injustice, Relational Equality, and Individual Agency: Berlin/boston: De Gruyter, 2020. Hardcover (ISBN: 9783110600780). € 69.95. 255 + xii pp.Fausto Corvino - 2020 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 23 (3):685-687.
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  30.  1
    Autoren.Jan-Christoph Heilinger & Julian Nida-Rümelin - 2016 - In Jan-Christoph Heilinger & Julian Nida-Rümelin (eds.), Moral, Wissenschaft Und Wahrheit. De Gruyter. pp. 273-274.
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  31.  20
    Anthropological Arguments in the Ethical Debate About Human Enhancement.Jan-Christoph Heilinger - 2014 - Humana Mente 7 (26):95–116.
    The paper discusses the role of anthropological arguments in contemporary ethics as exemplified in the current debate about biotechnological human enhancement interventions. Anthropological arguments refer to a normative conception of what it means to be a human being and are highly contested in contemporary moral philosophy. Most often they are promoted to constrain the ethically acceptable use of enhancement technologies. I argue that anthropological arguments can play a fundamental and important role in assessing the moral qualities of enhancement interventions, but (...)
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  32.  12
    Biotecnologie e argomenti antropologici.Jan-Christoph Heilinger - 2011 - Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 24 (3):499-514.
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  33.  1
    Einleitung.Jan-Christoph Heilinger & Julian Nida-Rümelin - 2016 - In Jan-Christoph Heilinger & Julian Nida-Rümelin (eds.), Moral, Wissenschaft Und Wahrheit. De Gruyter.
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  34. Frontmatter.Jan-Christoph Heilinger & Julian Nida-Rümelin - 2016 - In Jan-Christoph Heilinger & Julian Nida-Rümelin (eds.), Moral, Wissenschaft Und Wahrheit. De Gruyter.
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  35.  2
    Inhalt.Jan-Christoph Heilinger & Julian Nida-Rümelin - 2016 - In Jan-Christoph Heilinger & Julian Nida-Rümelin (eds.), Moral, Wissenschaft Und Wahrheit. De Gruyter.
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  36.  6
    Individual Responsibility and Global Structural Injustice: Toward an Ethos of Cosmopolitan Responsibility.Jan-Christoph Heilinger - forthcoming - Journal of Social Philosophy.
    Journal of Social Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  37.  6
    Konflikte in der Ethik: Anmerkungen aus pragmatistischer Perspektive.Jan-Christoph Heilinger - 2016 - In Jan-Christoph Heilinger & Julian Nida-Rümelin (eds.), Moral, Wissenschaft Und Wahrheit. De Gruyter. pp. 145-160.
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  38. Moralische Verantwortung in und für Organisationen. [REVIEW]Jan-Christoph Heilinger - 2020 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 68 (6):967-976.
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  39.  1
    Mensch, Weltbürger.Jan-Christoph Heilinger - 2015 - In Jan-Christoph Heilinger & Julian Nida-Rümelin (eds.), Anthropologie Und Ethik. De Gruyter. pp. 113-134.
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  40.  11
    Mensch, Weltbürger: Über Anspruch und Umsetzbarkeit des moralischen Kosmopolitismus.Jan-Christoph Heilinger - 2015 - In Jan-Christoph Heilinger & Julian Nida-Rümelin (eds.), Anthropologie und Ethik. De Gruyter. pp. 113-134.
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  41. Moral, Wissenschaft Und Wahrheit.Jan-Christoph Heilinger & Julian Nida-Rümelin (eds.) - 2016 - De Gruyter.
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  42. Naturgeschichte der Freiheit.Jan-Christoph Heilinger (ed.) - 2007 - de Gruyter.
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  43.  1
    Newcomer Integration, Individual Agency, and Responsibility.Jan-Christoph Heilinger - 2019 - In S. Karly Kehoe, Eva Alisic & Jan-Christoph Heilinger (eds.), Responsibility for Refugee and Migrant Integration. De Gruyter. pp. 131-148.
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  44. Sachregister.Jan-Christoph Heilinger & Julian Nida-Rümelin - 2016 - In Jan-Christoph Heilinger & Julian Nida-Rümelin (eds.), Moral, Wissenschaft Und Wahrheit. De Gruyter. pp. 275-278.
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  45.  21
    The Debate About 'Human Enhancement' and its Anthropological Dimension.Jan-Christoph Heilinger - 2010 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (2):177-179.
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  46.  9
    Zwei Ideale globaler Gleichheit.Jan-Christoph Heilinger - 2016 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 64 (5):757-767.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie Jahrgang: 64 Heft: 5 Seiten: 757-767.
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  47.  47
    Jan-Christoph Heilinger: Anthropologie und Ethik des Enhancements: De Gruyter, Berlin/new York, 2010, ISBN 978-3-11-022369-9, EUR 69,95, USD 98,00. [REVIEW]Christian Lenk - 2011 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (3):357-359.
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  48.  7
    Die Machtlosigkeit der Interkulturalisten. Rezension von: Dominic Busch, Im Dispositiv interkultureller Kommunikation.Jan-Christoph Marschelke - 2015 - Zeitschrift Für Kultur- Und Kollektivwissenschaft 1 (1):201-210.
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  49.  7
    Generationenkollektive: Beschreibungen von Mannheim, Halbwachs und Hansen und der Versuch einer Synthese.Jan-Christoph Marschelke & Wulf Frauen - 2019 - Zeitschrift Für Kultur- Und Kollektivwissenschaft 5 (1):115-134.
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  50.  5
    In dubio pro Recht. Gehorsam als kulturelle Praxis. Rezension von: Andrea Kretschmann, Regulierung des Irregulären. Carework und die symbolische Qualität des Rechts. [REVIEW]Jan-Christoph Marschelke - 2017 - Zeitschrift Für Kultur- Und Kollektivwissenschaft 3 (1):147-160.
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