Results for 'Janet Anders'

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  1. How Much of One-Way Computation Is Just Thermodynamics?Janet Anders, Michal Hajdušek, Damian Markham & Vlatko Vedral - 2008 - Foundations of Physics 38 (6):506-522.
    In this paper we argue that one-way quantum computation can be seen as a form of phase transition with the available information about the solution of the computation being the order parameter. We draw a number of striking analogies between standard thermodynamical quantities such as energy, temperature, work, and corresponding computational quantities such as the amount of entanglement, time, potential capacity for computation, respectively. Aside from being intuitively pleasing, this picture allows us to make novel conjectures, such as an estimate (...)
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  2. En Filosofibok Tillägnad Anders Wedberg. --.Anders Wedberg - 1978
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  3. Foucault and Bentham: A Defence of Panopticism: Janet Semple.Janet Semple - 1992 - Utilitas 4 (1):105-120.
  4.  46
    Commentary by Janet Radcliffe-Richards on Simon Rippon's 'Imposing Options on People in Poverty: The Harm of a Live Donor Organ Market'.Janet Radcliffe-Richards - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (3):152-153.
    This is an excellent article, probably the best there is in defence of prohibiting the sale of organs, and it deserves a much fuller discussion of detail than there is space for here.1 My concerns, however, are with generalities rather than detail. Although some such argument might justify prohibition of organ selling in particular places and at particular times, it is difficult to see how it could support the kind of general, universal policy currently accepted by most advocates of prohibition.Whenever (...)
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  5.  16
    On Anders V. Munch’s Doctoral Thesis From Bayreuth to Bauhaus: The Gesamtkunstwerk and the Modern Art Forms.Anders Troelsen - 2013 - Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 23 (46).
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  6. Janet Radcliffe Richards.From Janet Radcliffe Richards - 1999 - In Nigel Warburton (ed.), Philosophy: The Basic Readings. Routledge.
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  7. Paul Janet: la crise du spiritualisme.Paul Janet - 1986 - Corpus: Revue de philosophie 3:133-148.
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  8.  2
    Homicidal Insanity, 1800-1985. Janet Colaizzi.Janet A. Tighe - 1990 - Isis 81 (3):555-556.
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  9.  3
    Una Mirada Al Futuro de la Tecnología y Del Ser Humano. Entrevista Con Anders Sandberg.Anders Sandberg & Antonio Diéguez - 2017 - Contrastes: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 20 (2).
    miembro del Future of Humanity Institute de la Universidad de Oxford y experto en mejoramiento humano y transhumanismo, sobre cuestiones centrales de su labor investigadora.PALABRAS CLAVETRANSHUMANISMO, MEJORAMIENTO HUMANO, ANDERS SANDBERG, BIOTECNOLOGÍAABSTRACTInterview with Anders Sandberg, member of the Future of Humanity Institute at Oxford University and expert in human enhancement and transhumanism, about central topics in his works.KEYWORDSTRANSHUMANISM, HUMAN ENHANCEMENT, ANDERS SANDBERG,BIOTECHNOLOGY.
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  10. The Sceptical Feminist a Philosophical Enquiry /Janet Radcliffe Richards. --. --.Janet Radcliffe Richards - 1982
  11.  8
    Una Mirada Al Futuro de la Tecnología y Del Ser Humano. Entrevista Con Anders Sandberg.Anders Sandberg & Antonio Diéguez - 2020 - Contrastes: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 25 (3):143-158.
    Interview with Anders Sandberg, member of the Future of Humanity Institute at Oxford University and expert in human enhancement and transhumanism, about central topics in his works.
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    Identity and Stability in Marriage. By Janet Askham. Pp. 217 (Cambridge University Press, 1984.) £19.50. [REVIEW]Janet Mattinson - 1985 - Journal of Biosocial Science 17 (2):249-250.
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  13. A History of the Problems of Philosophy by P. Janet & G. Séailles, Tr. By A. Monahan, Ed. By H. Jones.Paul Alexandre R. Janet, Henry Jones, Ada Monahan & Gabriel Séailles - 1902
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  14. Codes of Ethics as Signals for Ethical Behavior.Janet S. Adams, Armen Tashchian & Ted H. Shore - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 29 (3):199 - 211.
    This study investigated effects of codes of ethics on perceptions of ethical behavior. Respondents from companies with codes of ethics (n = 465) rated role set members (top management, supervisors, peers, subordinates, self) as more ethical and felt more encouraged and supported for ethical behavior than respondents from companies without codes (n = 301). Key aspects of the organizational climate, such as supportiveness for ethical behavior, freedom to act ethically, and satisfaction with the outcome of ethical problems were impacted by (...)
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  15.  2
    Split Decisions: How and Why to Take a Break From Feminism.Janet Halley - 2008 - Princeton University Press.
    Is it time to take a break from feminism? In this pathbreaking book, Janet Halley reassesses the place of feminism in the law and politics of sexuality. She argues that sexuality involves deeply contested and clashing realities and interests, and that feminism helps us understand only some of them. To see crucial dimensions of sexuality that feminism does not reveal--the interests of gays and lesbians to be sure, but also those of men, and of constituencies and values beyond the (...)
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  16.  51
    Foucault and the Iranian Revolution: Gender and the Seductions of Islamism.Janet Afary & Kevin B. Anderson - 2005 - University of Chicago Press.
    In 1978, as the protests against the Shah of Iran reached their zenith, philosopher Michel Foucault was working as a special correspondent for _Corriere della Sera_ and _le Nouvel Observateur_. During his little-known stint as a journalist, Foucault traveled to Iran, met with leaders like Ayatollah Khomeini, and wrote a series of articles on the revolution. _Foucault and the Iranian Revolution _is the first book-length analysis of these essays on Iran, the majority of which have never before appeared in English. (...)
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  17.  63
    Social Costs of Environmental Justice Associated with the Practice of Green Marketing.Janet S. Adams, Armen Tashchian & Ted H. Shore - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 29 (3):199-211.
    This study investigated effects of codes of ethics on perceptions of ethical behavior. Respondents from companies with codes of ethics (n = 465) rated role set members (top management, supervisors, peers, subordinates, self) as more ethical and felt more encouraged and supported for ethical behavior than respondents from companies without codes (n = 301). Key aspects of the organizational climate, such as supportiveness for ethical behavior, freedom to act ethically, and satisfaction with the outcome of ethical problems were impacted by (...)
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  18.  67
    Philosophy of Science After Feminism.Janet A. Kourany - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    A feminist primer for philosophers of science -- The legacy of twentieth century philosophy of science -- What feminist science studies can offer -- Challenges from every direction -- The prospects of twenty-first century philosophy of science.
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  19. Organizational Dissidence: The Case of Whistle-Blowing. [REVIEW]Janet P. Near & Marcia P. Miceli - 1985 - Journal of Business Ethics 4 (1):1 - 16.
    Research on whistle-blowing has been hampered by a lack of a sound theoretical base. In this paper, we draw upon existing theories of motivation and power relationships to propose a model of the whistle-blowing process. This model focuses on decisions made by organization members who believe they have evidence of organizational wrongdoing, and the reactions of organization authorities. Based on a review of the sparse empirical literature, we suggest variables that may affect both the members' decisions and the organization's responses.
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  20.  86
    Charles Janet: Unrecognized Genius of the Periodic System. [REVIEW]Philip J. Stewart - 2010 - Foundations of Chemistry 12 (1):5-15.
    Janet is known almost exclusively for his left-step periodic table (LSPT). A study of his writings shows him to have been a highly creative thinker and a brilliant draftsman. His approach was primarily arithmetic-geometric, but it led him to anticipate the discovery of deuterium, helium-3, transuranian elements, antimatter and energy from nuclear fusion. He recognized the (n + ℓ) rule well before Madelung and correctly placed the actinides. His controversial treatment of helium at the head of the alkaline earth (...)
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  21.  15
    A History of Political Thought: From the Middle Ages to the Renaissance.Janet Coleman - 2000 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This volume continues the story of European political theorising by focusing on medieval and Renaissance thinkers. It includes extensive discussion of the practices that underpinned medieval political theories and which continued to play crucial roles in the eventual development of early-modern political institutions and debates. The author strikes a balance between trying to understand the philosophical cogency of medieval and Renaissance arguments on the one hand, elucidating why historically-suited medieval and Renaissance thinkers thought the ways they did about politics; and (...)
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  22.  39
    A Hot/Cool-System Analysis of Delay of Gratification: Dynamics of Willpower.Janet Metcalfe & Walter Mischel - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (1):3-19.
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  23. What is a Phenomenal Concept?Janet Levin - 2006 - In Torin Alter & Sven Walter (eds.), Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: New Essays on Consciousness and Physicalism. Oxford University Press.
  24. Functionalism.Janet Levin - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Functionalism in the philosophy of mind is the doctrine that what makes something a mental state of a particular type does not depend on its internal constitution, but rather on the way it functions, or the role it plays, in the system of which it is a part. This doctrine is rooted in Aristotle's conception of the soul, and has antecedents in Hobbes's conception of the mind as a “calculating machine”, but it has become fully articulated (and popularly endorsed) only (...)
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  25.  15
    The Appropriate Role of a Clinical Ethics Consultant’s Religious Worldview in Consultative Work: Nearly None.Janet Malek - 2019 - HEC Forum 31 (2):91-102.
    Ethical reasoning is an integral part of the work of a clinical ethics consultant. Ethical reasoning has a close relationship with an individual’s beliefs and values, which, for religious adherents, are likely to be tightly connected with their spiritual perspectives. As a result, for individuals who identify with a religious tradition, the process of thinking through ethical questions is likely to be influenced by their religious worldview. The connection between ethical reasoning and one’s spiritual perspective raises questions about the role (...)
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  26.  8
    What the HEC-C? An Analysis of the Healthcare Ethics Consultant-Certified Program: One Year In.Janet Malek, Sophia Fantus, Andrew Childress & Claire Horner - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (3):9-18.
    Efforts to professionalize the field of bioethics have led to the development of the Healthcare Ethics Consultant-Certified Program intended to credential practicing healthcare ethics consultants. Our team of professional ethicists participated in the inaugural process to support the professionalization efforts and inform our views on the value of this credential from the perspective of ethics consultants. In this paper, we explore the history that has led to this certification process, and evaluate the ability of the HEC-C Program to meet the (...)
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  27.  59
    Does Type of Wrongdoing Affect the Whistle-Blowing Process?Janet P. Near, Michael T. Rehg, James R. Van Scotter & Marcia P. Miceli - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (2):219-242.
    We analyzed data from a survey of employees of a large military base in order to assess possible differences in the whistle-blowingprocess due to type of wrongdoing observed. Employees who observed perceived wrongdoing involving mismanagement, sexual harassment, or unspecified legal violations were significantly more likely to report it than were employees who observed stealing, waste, safety problems, or discrimination. Further, type of wrongdoing was significantly related to reasons given by employees who observed wrongdoing but did not report it, across all (...)
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  28. Seamful Spaces: Heterogeneous Infrastructures in Interaction.Janet Vertesi - 2014 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 39 (2):264-284.
    Understanding contemporary environments in the laboratory and elsewhere requires grappling conceptually with multiple, coexisting, nonconforming infrastructures which actors engage at the same time. In this article, I develop the analytical vocabulary of “seams” for studying heterogeneous, multi-infrastructural environments. Drawing upon six years of ethnographic fieldwork with two distributed science teams, as well as studies in Ubiquitous Computing, I examine overlaps among infrastructures and how actors work creatively with and across their seams. Rather than suggesting that actors are hemmed in or (...)
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  29.  14
    Philosophy of Education in a New Key: A ‘Covid Collective’ of the Philosophy of Education Society of Great Britain.Janet Orchard, Philip Gaydon, Kevin Williams, Pip Bennett, Laura D’Olimpio, Raşit Çelik, Qasir Shah, Christoph Neusiedl, Judith Suissa, Michael A. Peters & Marek Tesar - 2021 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 53 (12):1215-1228.
    This article is a collective writing experiment undertaken by philosophers of education affiliated with the PESGB. When asked to reflect on questions concerning the Philosophy of Education in a New Key in May 2020, it was unsurprising that the effects of the coronavirus pandemic on society and on education were foremost in our minds. We wanted to consider important philosophical and educational questions raised by the pandemic, while acknowledging that, first and foremost, it is a human tragedy. With nearly a (...)
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  30.  22
    Children Are in Control.Janet Cohen Sherman & Barbara Lust - 1993 - Cognition 46 (1):1-51.
  31.  97
    Cat Culture, Human Culture: An Ethnographic Study of a Cat Shelter.Janet M. Alger & Steven F. Alger - 1999 - Society and Animals 7 (3):199-218.
    This study explores the value of traditional ethnographic methods in sociology for the study of human-animal and animal-animal interactions and culture. Itargues that some measure of human-animal intersubjectivity is possible and that the method of participant observation is best suited to achieve this. Applying ethnographic methods to human-cat and cat-cat relationships in a no-kill cat shelter, the study presents initial findings; it concludes that the social structure of the shelter is the product of interaction both between humans and cats and (...)
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  32.  39
    Inference and Consciousness.Anders Nes & Timothy Chan (eds.) - 2019 - London: Routledge.
    Inference has long been a concern in epistemology, as an essential means by which we extend our knowledge and test our beliefs. Inference is also a key notion in influential psychological or philosophical accounts of mental capacities, from perception via utterance comprehension to problem-solving. Consciousness, on the other hand, has arguably been the defining interest of philosophy of mind over recent decades. Comparatively little attention, however, has been devoted to the significance of consciousness for the proper understanding of the nature (...)
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  33.  9
    Metacognition of Agency.Janet Metcalfe & Matthew Jason Greene - 2007 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 136 (2):184-199.
  34. Moral Intensity and Managerial Problem Solving.Janet M. Dukerich, Mary J. Waller, Elizabeth George & George P. Huber - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 24 (1):29 - 38.
    There is an increasing interest in how managers describe and respond to what they regard as moral versus nonmoral problems in organizations. In this study, forty managers described a moral problem and a nonmoral problem that they had encountered in their organization, each of which had been resolved. Analyses indicated that: (1) the two types of problems could be significantly differentiated using four of Jones' (1991) components of moral intensity; (2) the labels managers used to describe problems varied systematically between (...)
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  35. A Philosophy of Science for the Twenty‐First Century.Janet A. Kourany - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (1):1-14.
    Two major reasons feminists are concerned with science relate to science's social effects: that science can be a powerful ally in the struggle for equality for women; and that all too frequently science has been a generator and perpetuator of inequality. This concern with the social effects of science leads feminists to a different mode of appraising science from the purely epistemic one prized by most contemporary philosophers of science. The upshot, I suggest, is a new program for philosophy of (...)
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  36.  51
    Should Some Knowledge Be Forbidden? The Case of Cognitive Differences Research.Janet A. Kourany - 2016 - Philosophy of Science 83 (5):779-790.
    For centuries scientists have claimed that women are intellectually inferior to men and blacks are inferior to whites. Although these claims have been contested and corrected for centuries, they still continue to be made. Meanwhile, scientists have documented the harm done to women and blacks by the publication of such claims. Can anything be done to improve this situation? Freedom of research is universally recognized to be of first-rate importance. Yet, constraints on that freedom are also universally recognized. I consider (...)
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  37. Assertion, Practical Reason, and Pragmatic Theories of Knowledge.Janet Levin - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (2):359–384.
    Defenders of pragmatic theories of knowledge (such as contextualism and sensitive invariantism) argue that these theories, unlike those that invoke a single standard for knowledge, comport with the intuitively compelling thesis that knowledge is the norm of assertion and practical reason. In this paper, I dispute this thesis, and argue that, therefore, the prospects for both “high standard” approach, and contend that if one abandons the thesis that knowledge is the norm of assertion and practical reason, the most serious arguments (...)
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  38.  29
    Beyond Mead: Symbolic Interaction Between Humans and Felines.Janet M. Alger & Steven F. Alger - 1997 - Society and Animals 5 (1):65-81.
    Recent research on the cognitive abilities and emotional capacities of animals has fueled the animal rights movement and renewed debate over the differences between human and non-human animals. This debate has not been central to sociology, although George Herbert Mead drew a very hard line between humans and animals by asserting that the latter were not capable of symbolic interaction. Sociologists are now beginning to question this assumption, and this article falls within this new line of research. We begin by (...)
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  39.  50
    Challenges in Teaching Business Ethics: Using Role Set Analysis of Early Career Dilemmas. [REVIEW]Janet S. Adams, Claudia Harris & Susan S. Carley - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (12):1325-1335.
    Emphasis in business ethics texts and courses has generally focused on corporate and other relatively high-level ethical issues. However, business school graduates in early career stages report ethical dilemmas involving individual-level decisions, often including influence attempts from one or more members of their work role sets. This paper proposes the use of role set analysis as a pedagogical technique for helping individuals to anticipate and deal with early-career ethical issues.
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  40.  7
    Levels of Processing, Encoding Specificity, Elaboration, and CHARM.Janet M. Eich - 1985 - Psychological Review 92 (1):1-38.
  41. Bentham’s Prison: A Study of the Panopticon Penitentiary.Janet Semple - 1993 - Clarendon Press.
    At the end of the eighteenth century, Jeremy Bentham devised a scheme for a prison that he called the panopticon. It soon became an obsession. For twenty years he tried to build it; in the end he failed, but the story of his attempt offers fascinating insights into both Bentham's complex character and the ideas of the period. Basing her analysis on hitherto unexamined manuscripts, Janet Semple chronicles Bentham's dealings with the politicians as he tried to put his plans (...)
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  42.  7
    Husserl on Ethics and Intersubjectivity: From Static to Genetic Phenomenology.Janet Donohoe - 2004 - Humanity Books.
    On the distinction between static and genetic phenomenologies -- On time consciousness and its relationship to intersubjectivity -- On the question of intersubjectivity -- The Husserlian account of ethics -- Conclusion: The impact of genetic phenomenology.
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  43.  4
    A Composite Holographic Associative Recall Model.Janet M. Eich - 1982 - Psychological Review 89 (6):627-661.
  44.  9
    It’s Agony for Us as Well.Janet Green, Philip Darbyshire, Anne Adams & Debra Jackson - 2016 - Nursing Ethics 23 (2):176-190.
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  45.  99
    The Case for a Parental Duty to Use Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis for Medical Benefit.Janet Malek & Judith Daar - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (4):3-11.
    This article explores the possibility that there is a parental duty to use preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for the medical benefit of future children. Using one genetic disorder as a paradigmatic example, we find that such a duty can be supported in some situations on both ethical and legal grounds. Our analysis shows that an ethical case in favor of this position can be made when potential parents are aware that a possible future child is at substantial risk of inheriting (...)
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  46.  45
    Human Nature After Darwin: A Philosophical Introduction.Janet Radcliffe Richards - 2000 - Routledge.
    Human Nature After Darwin is an original investigation of the implications of Darwinism for our understanding of ourselves and our situation. It casts new light on current Darwinian controversies, and in doing so provides an introduction to philosophical reasoning and a range of philosophical problems. Janet Radcliffe Richards claims that many current battles about Darwinism, in particular about evolutionary psychology and religion, are based on mistaken assumptions about the implications of the rival views. Her analysis of these implications provides (...)
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  47.  85
    The Role of the Family in Deceased Organ Procurement: A Guide for Clinitians and Policymakers.Janet Delgado, Alberto Molina-Pérez, David M. Shaw & David Rodríguez-Arias - 2019 - Transplantation 103 (5):e112-e118.
    Families play an essential role in deceased organ procurement. As the person cannot directly communicate his or her wishes regarding donation, the family is often the only source of information regarding consent or refusal. We provide a systematic description and analysis of the different roles the family can play, and actions the family can take, in the organ procurement process across different jurisdictions and consent systems. First, families can inform or update healthcare professionals about a person’s donation wishes. Second, families (...)
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  48.  63
    Theory of Mind Development and Social Understanding.Janet Wilde Astington & Jennifer M. Jenkins - 1995 - Cognition and Emotion 9 (2-3):151-165.
  49.  5
    Composite Holographic Associative Recall Model and Blended Memories in Eyewitness Testimony.Janet Metcalfe - 1990 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 119 (2):145-160.
  50.  9
    The Rationality of Science.Janet A. Kourany - 1983 - Journal of Philosophy 80 (8):474-478.
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