Results for 'Jessica L. Irons'

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  1.  11
    A Cultural Setting Where the Other-Race Effect on Face Recognition has No Social–Motivational Component and Derives Entirely From Lifetime Perceptual Experience.Lulu Wan, Kate Crookes, Katherine J. Reynolds, Jessica L. Irons & Elinor McKone - 2015 - Cognition 144:91-115.
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  2.  83
    A Naturalist’s View of Pride.Jessica L. Tracy, Azim F. Shariff & Joey T. Cheng - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (2):163-177.
    Although pride has been central to philosophical and religious discussions of emotion for thousands of years, it has largely been neglected by psychologists. However, in the past decade a growing body of psychological research on pride has emerged; new theory and findings suggest that pride is a psychologically important and evolutionarily adaptive emotion. In this article we review this accumulated body of research and argue for a naturalist account of pride, which presumes that pride emerged by way of natural selection. (...)
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  3.  28
    An Evolutionary Approach to Understanding Distinct Emotions.Jessica L. Tracy - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (4):308-312.
    According to evolutionary accounts of distinct emotions, these emotions are shaped by natural selection to adjust the physiological, psychological, cognitive, and behavioral parameters of an organism to facilitate its capacity to respond adaptively to threats and opportunities present in the environment. This account has a number of implications, most notably: each distinct emotion serves, or served, an adaptive function, and emotions are comprised of multiple components, all of which should be functional. In this article, I briefly outline an evolutionary approach (...)
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  4.  91
    Four Models of Basic Emotions: A Review of Ekman and Cordaro, Izard, Levenson, and Panksepp and Watt. [REVIEW]Jessica L. Tracy & Daniel Randles - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (4):397-405.
    In this special section, Ekman and Cordaro (2011); Izard (2011); Levenson (2011); and Panksepp and Watt (2011) have each outlined the latest instantiation of each lead author’s theoretical model of basic emotions. We identify four themes emerging from these models, and discuss areas of agreement and disagreement. We then briefly evaluate the models’ usefulness by examining how they would account for an emotion that has received considerable empirical attention but does not fit clearly within or outside of the basic emotion (...)
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  5.  81
    Cross-Cultural Evidence That the Nonverbal Expression of Pride is an Automatic Status Signal.Jessica L. Tracy, Azim F. Shariff, Wanying Zhao & Joseph Henrich - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (1):163.
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  6.  32
    Quantity and Diversity: Simulating Early Word Learning Environments.Jessica L. Montag, Michael N. Jones & Linda B. Smith - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S2):375-412.
    The words in children's language learning environments are strongly predictive of cognitive development and school achievement. But how do we measure language environments and do so at the scale of the many words that children hear day in, day out? The quantity and quality of words in a child's input are typically measured in terms of total amount of talk and the lexical diversity in that talk. There are disagreements in the literature whether amount or diversity is the more critical (...)
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  7.  9
    The Making of Might-Have-Beens: Effects of Free Will Belief on Counterfactual Thinking.Jessica L. Alquist, Sarah E. Ainsworth & Roy Baumesiter - 2014 - Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 41 (2):268-283.
    Counterfactual thoughts are based on the assumption that one situation could result in multiple possible outcomes. This assumption underlies most theories of free will and contradicts deterministic views that there is only one possible outcome of any situation. Three studies tested the hypothesis that stronger belief in free will would lead to more counterfactual thinking. Experimental manipulations (Studies 1-2) and a measure (Studies 3-4) of belief in free will were linked to increased counterfactual thinking in response to autobiographical (Studies 1, (...)
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  8.  12
    Maternal and Child Sexual Abuse History: An Intergenerational Exploration of Children’s Adjustment and Maternal Trauma-Reflective Functioning.Jessica L. Borelli, Chloe Cohen, Corey Pettit, Lina Normandin, Mary Target, Peter Fonagy & Karin Ensink - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  9.  9
    Prioritizing Morality in the Self and Consistent Moral Responses Despite Encouragement to Behave Immorally.Tammy L. Sonnentag, Jessica L. McManus, Taylor W. Wadian & Donald A. Saucier - 2019 - Journal of Moral Education 48 (4):412-422.
    ABSTRACTWhen morality is important and central to individuals’ identities, it may heighten their sense of responsibility to behave in moral ways. Although research has linked moral identity to various moral actions, research has yet to demonstrate the association between moral identity and individuals’ consistent moral choices, despite situational sanctions to behave immorally. The purpose of this study was to examine if prioritizing morality in the self is associated with individuals’ consistent moral responses in four situations encouraging the expression of immoral (...)
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  10.  13
    Arrogant or Self-Confident? The Use of Contextual Knowledge to Differentiate Hubristic and Authentic Pride From a Single Nonverbal Expression.Jessica L. Tracy & Christine Prehn - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (1):14-24.
  11.  2
    Text Exposure Predicts Spoken Production of Complex Sentences in 8- and 12-Year-Old Children and Adults.Jessica L. Montag & Maryellen C. MacDonald - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (2):447-468.
  12.  11
    Practice Makes Perfect: Training the Interpretation of Emotional Ambiguity.Jessica L. Clifton, Sophie Hedley, Emily Mountier, Boglarka Tiszai & Gina M. Grimshaw - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (4).
  13.  17
    Author Reply: Incompatible Conclusions or Different Levels of Analysis?Jessica L. Tracy - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (4):330-331.
    This exchange provides an array of perspectives on the questions of what emotions are, how they function, and how they should be studied. While my approach is evolutionary and functionalist—viewing each distinct emotion as having evolved to serve a particular function —this approach is not the only one needed to fully understand emotions. Furthermore, several of the accounts offered here might be effectively synthesized by accepting the importance of both universal evolutionary factors and sociocultural particulars in shaping emotion experiences.
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  14.  36
    Bodily Communication of Emotion: Evidence for Extrafacial Behavioral Expressions and Available Coding Systems.Zachary Witkower & Jessica L. Tracy - 2019 - Emotion Review 11 (2):184-193.
    Although scientists dating back to Darwin have noted the importance of the body in communicating emotion, current research on emotion communication tends to emphasize the face. In this article we review the evidence for bodily expressions of emotions—that is, the handful of emotions that are displayed and recognized from certain bodily behaviors. We also review the previously developed coding systems available for identifying emotions from bodily behaviors. Although no extant coding system provides an exhaustive list of bodily behaviors known to (...)
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  15.  9
    A Linguistic Signature of Psychological Distancing in Emotion Regulation.Erik C. Nook, Jessica L. Schleider & Leah H. Somerville - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 146 (3):337-346.
  16.  20
    A Nudge Toward Meaningful Choice.Leah R. Fowler & Jessica L. Roberts - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):76-78.
    Volume 19, Issue 5, May 2019, Page 76-78.
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  17.  41
    Naturalism and the Tale of Two Facets.Azim F. Shariff, Jessica L. Tracy & Joey T. Cheng - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (2):182-183.
    Williams and DeSteno (2010) and Gladkova (2010) question the validity, utility, and theoretical support for the bifurcation of pride into hubristic and authentic facets. Though these commentators highlight unanswered questions and important directions for future research, we argue that the broad, evolutionarily informed framework for the two facets, presented in our target article nonetheless provides the best fit and explanation for the existing pattern of evidence. We offer several empirical suggestions for future studies addressing the questions raised by the commentators, (...)
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  18.  17
    Status Signals: Adaptive Benefits of Displaying and Observing the Nonverbal Expressions of Pride and Shame.Jason P. Martens, Jessica L. Tracy & Azim F. Shariff - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (3):390-406.
  19.  19
    Listen, Follow Me: Dynamic Vocal Signals of Dominance Predict Emergent Social Rank in Humans.Joey T. Cheng, Jessica L. Tracy, Simon Ho & Joseph Henrich - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (5):536-547.
  20.  16
    Mindfulness Plus Reflection Training: Effects on Executive Function in Early Childhood.Philip David Zelazo, Jessica L. Forston, Ann S. Masten & Stephanie M. Carlson - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  21. Further Thoughts on the Evolution of Pride’s Two Facets: A Response to Clark.Azim F. Shariff, Jessica L. Tracy, Joey T. Cheng & Joseph Henrich - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (4):399-400.
    In Clark’s thoughtful analysis of the evolution of the two facets of pride, he suggests that the concurrent existence of hubristic and authentic pride in humans represents a “persistence problem,” wherein the vestigial trait (hubristic pride) continues to exist alongside the derived trait (authentic pride). In our view, evidence for the two facets does not pose a persistence problem; rather, hubristic and authentic pride both likely evolved as higher-order cognitive emotions that solve uniquely human—but distinct— evolutionary problems. Instead of being (...)
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  22.  11
    Between the Messianic Era and the Text.Jessica L. Radin - 2014 - Idealistic Studies 44 (2-3):163-178.
    This paper engages in a re-articulation of Maimonides’s sense of history. While for Leo Strauss Maimonides was a both a model and a resource for resisting historicism, recent scholarship has demonstrated that Maimonides had an understanding of history as the gradual evolution of humanity towards an ideal and perfected future. At the same time that we must acknowledge these echoes of historicism in Maimonides, a closer examination of Maimonides’s methods of exegesis, and particular his inclusion of ‘outside’ or non-Jewish texts, (...)
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  23.  17
    Are There Really Syntactic Complexity Effects in Sentence Production? A Reply to Scontras Et Al.Maryellen C. MacDonald, Jessica L. Montag & Silvia P. Gennari - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (2):513-518.
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  24.  26
    Republican Civic Virtue, Enlightened Self-Interest and Tocqueville.Jessica L. Kimpell - 2015 - European Journal of Political Theory 14 (3):345-367.
    Tocqueville’s claim in Democracy in America about the link between associations and a vibrant public sphere is interpreted especially by neo-republicans in political theory as aligned with their argument that civic virtue can and ought to be fostered in today’s democracies. This paper challenges such a reading of Tocqueville by considering his notion of enlightened self-interest. Tocqueville’s ideas about the nature of political activity differ markedly from the republican ideal of a citizenry marked by civic virtue, as Tocqueville appeals to (...)
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  25.  29
    Cognitive Style and Gender Differences in Children's Mathematics Achievement.Jessica L. Arnup, Cheree Murrihy, John Roodenburg & Louise A. McLean - 2013 - Educational Studies 39 (3):355-368.
    Males are often found to outperform females in tests of mathematics achievement and it has been proposed that this may in part be explained by differences in cognitive style. This study investigated the relation between Wholistic-Analytic and Verbal-Imagery cognitive style, gender and mathematics achievement in a sample of 190 Australian primary school students aged between 8?11?years (M?=?9.77, SD?=?1.05). It was hypothesised that males would outperform females in mathematics achievement tests, and that gender would interact with cognitive style on mathematics performance. (...)
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  26.  14
    Experimenter Characteristics and Word Choice: Best Practices When Administering an Informed Consent.John E. Edlund, Jessica L. Hartnett, Jeremy D. Heider, Emmanuel J. Perez & Jessica Lusk - 2014 - Ethics and Behavior 24 (5):397-407.
    The present research seeks to better understand research conditions in laboratory research, with special attention paid to the informed consent process and experimenter characteristics. The first study tested the impact of language perspective and experimenter demeanor upon participant retention of the informed consent information, attitudes toward the research project, and performance on experimental tasks. The second study examined the impact of experimenter attire. Across the two studies, our results suggest that there was no impact of language perspective, whereas the number (...)
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  27.  9
    Foraging Extends Beyond Food: Hoarding of Mental Energy and Information Seeking in Response to Uncertainty.Jessica L. Alquist & Roy F. Baumeister - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
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  28.  7
    What You Don’T Know Can Hurt You: Uncertainty Impairs Executive Function.Jessica L. Alquist, Roy F. Baumeister, Dianne M. Tice & Tammy J. Core - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  29.  16
    Splitting Attention Across the Two Visual Fields in Visual Short-Term Memory.Jean-Francois Delvenne & Jessica L. Holt - 2012 - Cognition 122 (2):258-263.
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  30. Awareness in the Operating Room: A Patient's View.Jessica L. Tracy - 1993 - In P. S. Sebel, B. Bonke & E. Winograd (eds.), Memory and Awareness in Anesthesia. Prentice-Hall.
  31. Keeping the Self in Self-Conscious Emotions: Further Arguments for a Theoretical Model.Jessica L. Tracy & Richard W. Robins - 2004 - Psychological Inquiry 15 (2):171-177.
  32. Putting the Self Into Self-Conscious Emotions: A Theoretical Model.Jessica L. Tracy & Richard W. Robins - 2004 - Psychological Inquiry 15 (2):103-125.
  33.  8
    What Matters Emotionally: The Importance of Pride for Cumulative Culture.Jessica L. Tracy - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43.
    Osiurak and Reynaud highlight a major omission of models of cumulative technological culture. I propose an additional problematic omission: pride. By taking this emotion into account, we can address the question of why humans seek to learn, teach, and innovate – three processes essential to cumulative technological culture. By fostering achievement, prestige, and social learning, pride provides a pivotal piece of the puzzle.
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  34.  56
    Gaze Allocation in a Dynamic Situation: Effects of Social Status and Speaking.Tom Foulsham, Joey T. Cheng, Jessica L. Tracy, Joseph Henrich & Alan Kingstone - 2010 - Cognition 117 (3):319-331.
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  35. Sclera and Iris Color Interact to Influence Gaze Perception.Jessica L. Yorzinski, Christopher A. Thorstenson & Trezze P. Nguyen - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The white sclera is important in facilitating gaze perception in humans. Iris color may likewise influence gaze perception but no previous studies have directly assessed its effect. We therefore examined how the interaction between sclera and iris color influences human gaze perception. We recorded the eye movements of human participants as they performed a visual search task with human faces exhibiting directed or averted gaze. The faces either exhibited light or dark irises. In addition, the faces had sclera that were (...)
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  36. Free Will as Advanced Action Control for Human Social Life and Culture.Roy F. Baumeister, A. William Crescioni & Jessica L. Alquist - 2011 - Neuroethics 4 (1):1-11.
    Free will can be understood as a novel form of action control that evolved to meet the escalating demands of human social life, including moral action and pursuit of enlightened self-interest in a cultural context. That understanding is conducive to scientific research, which is reviewed here in support of four hypotheses. First, laypersons tend to believe in free will. Second, that belief has behavioral consequences, including increases in socially and culturally desirable acts. Third, laypersons can reliably distinguish free actions from (...)
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  37.  6
    GINA's Limits or Something More? The Need for Greater Protection of Employee Health-Related Information.Jessica L. Roberts - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (11):45-48.
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  38.  9
    Negotiating Commercial Interests in Biospecimens.Jessica L. Roberts - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (1):138-141.
    Proposed changes to the Common Rule would require publicly funded researchers to disclose whether a subject's biospecimens could be used for commercial profit and whether the subject will share in those proceeds. Disclosing commercial interests will inform research participants that their tissue may have commercial value, a possibility that those individuals might not have previously considered. The proposed changes may then provide people with an opportunity to negotiate commercial rights in their biospecimens despite the well-accepted legal precedent that individuals maintain (...)
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  39.  8
    Review of Isabel Karpin and Kristin Savell, Perfecting Pregnancy: Law, Disability, and the Future of Reproduction. [REVIEW]Jessica L. Roberts - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (5):70-71.
  40.  11
    Stigmatizing the Unhealthy.Jessica L. Roberts & Elizabeth Weeks - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (4):484-491.
    Stigma can lead to poor health outcomes. At the same time, people who are perceived as unhealthy may experience stigma as the result of that perception. As part of a larger project examining discrimination on the basis of health status or “healthism,” we explore the role of stigma in producing disadvantage based on health status. Specifically, we look to the principles of health equality and health justice. An intervention violates health equality when it is driven by animus, which can be (...)
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  41.  15
    The Legality of Biometric Screening of Professional Athletes.Jessica L. Roberts, I. Glenn Cohen, Christopher R. Deubert & Holly Fernandez Lynch - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (1):65-67.
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  42.  7
    What is Automatized During Perceptual Categorization?Jessica L. Roeder & F. Gregory Ashby - 2016 - Cognition 154:22-33.
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  43.  19
    Taking Responsibility for Cloning: Discourses of Care and Knowledge in Biotechnological Approaches to Nonhuman Life.Jessica L. W. Carey - 2015 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 28 (3):589-599.
    This article examines the practice of animal cloning in relation to discourses of care and responsibility, in particular a common cultural interpretation of care theorized by Michel Foucault. This interpretation figures care as a “pastoral” relation premised in essential differences between carers and objects of care, and its interspecies implications are increasingly drawing the attention of theorists in animal studies. This article argues that, perhaps despite appearances, animal welfare in the form of pastoral care and abstract conceptualizations of animals that (...)
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  44.  8
    Using Multiple Criteria Optimization and Two-Stage Genetic Algorithms to Select a Population Management Strategy with Optimized Reliability.Jessica L. Chapman, Lu Lu & Christine M. Anderson-Cook - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-18.
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  45.  26
    The Phenomenon of Incubation in Antiquity - Renberg Where Dreams May Come. Incubation Sanctuaries in the Greco-Roman World. In Two Volumes. Pp. Lxx + XIV + 1046, B/W & Colour Ills, B/W & Colour Maps. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2017. Cased, €243, Us$292. Isbn: 978-90-04-34621-5 , 978-90-04-34622-2 , 978-90-04-29976-4. [REVIEW]Jessica L. Lamont - 2019 - The Classical Review 69 (1):178-181.
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  46.  6
    Historic and Contemporary Environmental Justice Issues Among Native Americans in the Gulf Coast Region of the United States.Jessica L. Liddell, Catherine E. McKinley & Jennifer M. Lilly - 2021 - Studies in Social Justice 15 (1):1-24.
    Settler-colonialism is founded in environmental racism, and environmental justice is foundational to all forms of decolonialization. Native American groups located in the Gulf Coast Region of the United States are particularly vulnerable to environmental justice issues such as climate change and oil spills due to their geographic location and reliance on the coastal region for economic and social resources. This study used the framework of historical oppression, resilience, and transcendence to explore the historic and contemporary forms of environmental injustice experienced (...)
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  47.  68
    Beyond the Perception-Behavior Link: The Ubiquitous Utility and Motivational Moderators of Nonconscious Mimicry.Tanya L. Chartrand, William W. Maddux & Jessica L. Lakin - 2005 - In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 334--361.
  48.  20
    Replenishing Our Defensive Microbes.Luke K. Ursell, William Van Treuren, Jessica L. Metcalf, Meg Pirrung, Andrew Gewirtz & Rob Knight - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (9):810-817.
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  49.  29
    What is Stemness?Yan Leychkis, Stephen R. Munzer & Jessica L. Richardson - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 40 (4):312-320.
    This paper, addressed to both philosophers of science and stem cell biologists, aims to reduce the obscurity of and disagreements over the nature of stemness. The two most prominent current theories of stemness—the entity theory and the state theory—are both biologically and philosophically unsatisfactory. Improved versions of these theories are likely to converge. Philosophers of science can perform a much needed service in clarifying and formulating ways of testing entity and state theories of stemness. To do so, however, philosophers should (...)
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  50.  10
    What Can Lexical Tone Training Studies in Adults Tell Us About Tone Processing in Children?Mark Antoniou & Jessica L. L. Chin - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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