Results for 'Muhammad Mohtsham Saeed'

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  1.  27
    A Time-Lagged Study of the Relationship Between Big Five Personality and Ethical Ideology.Tariq Iqbal Khan, Aisha Akbar, Farooq Ahmed Jam & Muhammad Mohtsham Saeed - 2016 - Ethics and Behavior 26 (6):488-506.
    Our objective is to examine the effects of Big Five personality traits on ethical ideologies using a time-lagged design of 406 employees of higher education institutions in Pakistan. Based on low/high idealism versus relativism, we investigate the conceptual linkage between each of the personality traits and moral philosophy. The results illustrate that extraversion and openness to experience believed on subjectivism moral philosophy, agreeableness believed on situationism, and neuroticism believed on absolutism moral philosophies. In addition, contentiousness believed on exceptionism moral philosophy. (...)
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  2. Aristotle's Views on Learning.Muhammad Saeed - 1997 - Pakistan Philosophical Journal 34:37.
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  3.  2
    Gender Dimension And Disparity In Vegetable Picking.Rashed Saeed, Arshed Bashir, Muhammad Qasim & Sonila Hassan - 2015 - Pakistan Journal of Gender Studies 11 (1):125-140.
    Gender involvement in agriculture is becoming more asymmetrical in rural areas due to differences in wages of respective labour resultantly affecting health, wealth and decision making power of women engaged in agriculture. Study, therefore, was planned to investigate status of women engaged in vegetable picking and see constraints faced by them. Descriptive statistics are used to analyze primary data collected during year 2013. Results reveal that average monthly household income and expenditure were Rs. 10770 and Rs. 9291. Average daily earnings (...)
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  4.  2
    Women In Pakistan: Victim Of Gender-Based Discrimination.Samina Saeed, Rubina Saeed & Muhammad Kamran Khan - 2008 - Pakistan Journal of Gender Studies 2 (1):141-149.
    This paper intends to discuss the gender-based discrimination faced by the women in Pakistan. It has substantially reduced their status in the society. Despite the fact that equal rights and safeguards have been assured by the Constitution, Universal Declaration of Human Rights and CEDAW, they remain insecure and marginalized. This paper also suggests measures and recommendations in order to overcome the hindrances faced by the women in achieving proper status and recognition in our society.
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  5.  1
    Correlation of Shyness with Schooling, Residential Locality and Socio- Economic Status at Graduation Level in Pakistan.Saeed Anwar, Mumtaz Ali & Aazadi Fateh Muhammad - 2016 - Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities 55 (1):87-104.
    Shyness affects and influences the performance of the learners at school and college level. There are different correlates and reasons of shyness. Zimbardo states that Shyness is a vague concept which has many interpretations and definitions. One definition which is very renowned is that “The person, male or female, who is nervous, worried, and uncomfortable in the gathering or presence of others, is called shy”. The objectives of this research study were as: to investigate the relationship of schooling system with (...)
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  6. Spiritual Experience and the Foundation of Education A: Tagorean Approach.Khawaja Muhammad Saeed - 2008 - Analecta Husserliana 95:267-277.
     
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  7. The Impact of Modernization on the Traditional Social Status of Senior Citizens in Pakhtun Culture.Hamid Alam & Muhammad Saeed - 2018 - Pakistan Journal of Applied Social Sciences 8 (1):25-40.
    This paper reflects the impacts of modernization on the social status of senior citizens in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. The Pakhtun culture dominated by patriarchal traditional values embedded in the Pakhtunwali is under the influence of modernization. To know the impact of modernization on the social status of senior citizens in Pakhtun culture, data was collected through in-depth interviews/ interview guide in Hayatabad district Peshawar of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.The respondents were identified through purposive sampling technique. The traditional status of (...)
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  8.  3
    Discrimination Against Urban Women: A Case Study Of Karachi.Fateh Muhammad Burfat, Naima Saeed & Ghulam Muhammad Burfat - 2013 - Pakistan Journal of Gender Studies 7 (1):17-28.
    Gender inequality exists in Pakistan as a phenomenon that does not allow women equality of opportunity in the public and private sphere and also keeps women in very subjugated roles within the public and in private relationships. These factors can affect women’s access to education, employment, to career advancement and to their possibilities of holding positions of political power and roles of social and cultural esteem. Although gender equality may have progressed somewhat in the modern world but it is still (...)
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  9.  1
    Promotion Of Primary Health Care In Pakistan: A Case Study Of The Role Of Non-Governmental Organizations In Promoting Primary Health Care In Karachi.Fateh Muhmmad Burfat, Muhammad Yaqub, Naima Saeed & Misbah B. Qureshi - 2014 - Pakistan Journal of Gender Studies 8 (1):51-74.
    The present study “Promotion of Primary Health Care in Pakistan: A Case Study of the Role of Non-Governmental Organizations in Promoting Primary Health Care in Karachi” is aimed at determining the role of NGOs in the promotion of primary health Care sector in Pakistan with special reference to Karachi. The primary objective of this research is to evaluate the role and performance of relevant NGOs working in Karachi in the health sector. It is a quantitative research. A questionnaire based to (...)
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  10.  1
    Gender Differences In Resilience, Coping And Quality Of Life Of Oncology Nurses In Pakistan.Sajida Naz, Naima Saeed & Aazadi Fateh Muhammad - 2017 - Pakistan Journal of Gender Studies 14 (1):145-159.
    This research was carried out to explore the gender differences in resilience, coping and quality of life of oncology nurses. It is evidenced through the literature that oncology nurses face different stressors because of complexity involved in their profession. This research attempts to investigate the impact of resilience and coping strategies on quality of life of nurses along with identifying nature of gender differences in each domain. A total of 300 oncology nurses participated in cross sectional survey based study. Trait (...)
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  11.  1
    Single Trial EEG Patterns for the Prediction of Individual Differences in Fluid Intelligence.Emad-ul-Haq Qazi, Muhammad Hussain, Hatim Aboalsamh, Aamir Saeed Malik, Hafeez Ullah Amin & Saeed Bamatraf - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  12. Semantics.John I. Saeed - 2009 - Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  13.  99
    International Marketing Ethics From an Islamic Perspective: A Value-Maximization Approach. [REVIEW]Mohammad Saeed, Zafar U. Ahmed & Syeda-Masooda Mukhtar - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 32 (2):127 - 142.
    International marketing practices, embedded in a strong ethical doctrine, can play a vital role in raising the standards of business conduct worldwide, while in no way compromising the quality of services or products offered to customers, or surrendering the profit margins of businesses. Adherence to such ethical practices can help to elevate the standards of behavior and thus of living, of traders and consumers alike. Against this background, this paper endeavors to identify the salient features of the Islamic framework of (...)
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  14.  1
    Membaca Pemahaman Hadis Muḥammad Al-Ghazālī Dan Yūsuf Al-Qarḍāwī: Studi Kasus Pemikiran Suryadi.Muhammad Alfatih Suryadilaga - 2020 - Refleksi 19 (2).
    The understanding of ḥadīth as a part of the problem that develops in society becomes the most important part of ḥadīth study. Its existence becomes an interesting study and produces a variety of certain thoughts studied in various scientific works. One of the thoughts on the understanding of the ḥadīth is examined by Suryadi in his dissertation that has been published under the title of contemporary methods of understanding the ḥadīth Prophet’s perspective Muḥammad al-Ghazālī and Yūsuf al-Qarḍāwī. This article discusses (...)
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  15.  1
    The Role Of Ideological State Apparatuses In Identity Formation In Qaisra Shahraz's: The Holy Woman.Amna Saeed & Azher Khan - 2017 - Pakistan Journal of Gender Studies 14 (1):37-52.
    This research aims to critically analyze the role of Ideological State Apparatuses, defined by Louis Althusser, in identity formation of Zari Bano, the protagonist in the novel “The Holy Woman” written by Qaisra Shahraz. According to Althusser, ideology functions through ISAs which change individuals to ideological subjects within capitalist society. This study focuses on the influences of the cultural ISA, the political ISA and the family ISA on the character of Zari Bano. The study also analyzes the moments of ‘interpellation’ (...)
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  16.  17
    Herbrand Consistency of Some Arithmetical Theories.Saeed Salehi - 2012 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 77 (3):807-827.
    Gödel's second incompleteness theorem is proved for Herbrand consistency of some arithmetical theories with bounded induction, by using a technique of logarithmic shrinking the witnesses of bounded formulas, due to Z. Adamowicz [Herbrand consistency and bounded arithmetic, Fundamenta Mathematical vol. 171 (2002), pp. 279-292]. In that paper, it was shown that one cannot always shrink the witness of a bounded formula logarithmically, but in the presence of Herbrand consistency, for theories I∆₀+ Ωm, with m ≥ 2, any witness for any (...)
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  17. Natural Kinds as Nodes in Causal Networks.Muhammad Khalidi - 2018 - Synthese 195 (4):1379-1396.
    In this paper I offer a unified causal account of natural kinds. Using as a starting point the widely held view that natural kind terms or predicates are projectible, I argue that the ontological bases of their projectibility are the causal properties and relations associated with the natural kinds themselves. Natural kinds are not just concatenations of properties but ordered hierarchies of properties, whose instances are related to one another as causes and effects in recurrent causal processes. The resulting account (...)
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  18. Three Kinds of Social Kinds.Muhammad Ali Khalidi - 2015 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 90 (1):96-112.
    Could some social kinds be natural kinds? In this paper, I argue that there are three kinds of social kinds: 1) social kinds whose existence does not depend on human beings having any beliefs or other propositional attitudes towards them ; 2) social kinds whose existence depends in part on specific attitudes that human beings have towards them, though attitudes need not be manifested towards their particular instances ; 3) social kinds whose existence and that of their instances depend in (...)
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  19.  15
    Three Shadow Plays by Muḥammad Ibn DāniyālThree Shadow Plays by Muhammad Ibn Daniyal.Everett K. Rowson, Muḥammad Ibn Dāniyāl, Paul Kahle & Muhammad Ibn Daniyal - 1994 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 114 (3):462.
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  20.  10
    Muḥammad Ibn Ḥabīb's "Matronymics of Poets"Muhammad Ibn Habib's "Matronymics of Poets".G. Levi Della Vida, Muḥammad Ibn Ḥabīb & Muhammad Ibn Habib - 1942 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 62 (3):156.
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  21.  17
    Muhammad Shahidullah Felicitation Volume.A. A. & Muhammad Enamul Haq - 1968 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 88 (2):359.
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  22. Abu Call Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Miskawayh.Muhammad Miskawayh - 1999 - In Seyyed Hossein Nasr & Mehdi Amin Razavi (eds.), An Anthology of Philosophy in Persia. Oxford University Press. pp. 1--274.
  23.  76
    Academic Dishonesty at Universities: The Case of Plagiarism Among Iranian Language Students. [REVIEW]Atefeh Rezanejad & Saeed Rezaei - 2013 - Journal of Academic Ethics 11 (4):275-295.
    This study investigated Iranian language students’ perception of and familiarity with plagiarism, their attitudes toward their professors regarding this issue, and their reasons for doing so. The participants were 122 undergraduate and graduate language students in Translation, Literature, TEFL, and Linguistics who filled out a validated and piloted questionnaire. Overall, the results indicated that students had different views about the definition of plagiarism and plagiarism was mostly perceived by students as using someone else’s words as if they were their own (...)
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  24.  25
    Provably Total Functions of Basic Arithemtic.Saeed Salehi - 2003 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 49 (3):316.
    It is shown that all the provably total functions of Basic Arithmetic BA, a theory introduced by Ruitenburg based on Predicate Basic Calculus, are primitive recursive. Along the proof a new kind of primitive recursive realizability to which BA is sound, is introduced. This realizability is similar to Kleene's recursive realizability, except that recursive functions are restricted to primitive recursives.
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  25.  40
    Natural Categories and Human Kinds: Classification in the Natural and Social Sciences.Muhammad Ali Khalidi - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    The notion of 'natural kinds' has been central to contemporary discussions of metaphysics and philosophy of science. Although explicitly articulated by nineteenth-century philosophers like Mill, Whewell and Venn, it has a much older history dating back to Plato and Aristotle. In recent years, essentialism has been the dominant account of natural kinds among philosophers, but the essentialist view has encountered resistance, especially among naturalist metaphysicians and philosophers of science. Informed by detailed examination of classification in the natural and social sciences, (...)
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  26. Interactive Kinds.Muhammad Ali Khalidi - 2010 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (2):335-360.
    This paper examines the phenomenon of ‘interactive kinds’ first identified by Ian Hacking. An interactive kind is one that is created or significantly modified once a concept of it has been formulated and acted upon in certain ways. Interactive kinds may also ‘loop back’ to influence our concepts and classifications. According to Hacking, interactive kinds are found exclusively in the human domain. After providing a general account of interactive kinds and outlining their philosophical significance, I argue that they are not (...)
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  27. Natural Kinds and Crosscutting Categories.Muhammad Ali Khalidi - 1998 - Journal of Philosophy 95 (1):33.
    There are many ways of construing the claim that some categories are more “natural" than others. One can ask whether a system of categories is innate or acquired by learning, whether it pertains to a natural phenomenon or to a social institution, whether it is lexicalized in natural language or requires a compound linguistic expression. This renders suspect any univocal answer to this question in any particular case. Yet another question one can ask, which some authors take to have a (...)
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  28.  6
    Penafsiran Modern Ayat-Ayat Waris: Perbandingan Muḥammad Shaḥrūr Dan Munawir Sjadzali.Muhammad Iqbal Piliang & M. Najib Tsauri - 2019 - Refleksi 18 (1):94-132.
    This paper discusses inheritance discourse based on verses of the Koran according to modern interpreters, Muḥammad Shaḥrūr with Munawir Sjadzali. Both interpreters are appointed because they can be considered to have tried in their respective contexts to answer the emergence of ambiguous attitudes in implementing inheritance law from Muslim societies. Muḥammad Shaḥrūr understands and applies it in a way that is different from the opinions and concepts, as seen in the 'four classical patterns of calculation' as well as in social (...)
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  29.  10
    Penafsiran Modern Ayat-Ayat Waris: Perbandingan Muḥammad Shaḥrūr Dan Munawir Sjadzali.Muhammad Iqbal Piliang & M. Najib Tsauri - 2019 - Refleksi 18 (1):78-116.
    This paper discusses inheritance discourse based on verses of the Qur’an according to modern interpreters, Muḥammad Shaḥrūr with Munawir Sjadzali. Both interpreters are appointed because they can be considered to have tried in their respective contexts to answer the emergence of ambiguous attitudes in implementing inheritance law from Muslim societies. Muḥammad Shaḥrūr understands and applies it in a way that is different from the opinions and concepts, as seen in the 'four classical patterns of calculation' as well as in social (...)
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  30. Innate Cognitive Capacities.Muhammad ali KhAlidi - 2007 - Mind and Language 22 (1):92-115.
    This paper attempts to articulate a dispositional account of innateness that applies to cognitive capacities. After criticizing an alternative account of innateness proposed by Cowie (1999) and Samuels (2002), the dispositional account of innateness is explicated and defended against a number of objections. The dispositional account states that an innate cognitive capacity (output) is one that has a tendency to be triggered as a result of impoverished environmental conditions (input). Hence, the challenge is to demonstrate how the input can be (...)
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  31.  22
    Love, Passion and Class in the Fiction of Muḥammad Ḥusayn HaykalLove, Passion and Class in the Fiction of Muhammad Husayn Haykal.Charles D. Smith, Muḥammad Ḥusayn Haykal & Muhammad Husayn Haykal - 1979 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 99 (2):249.
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  32.  13
    A Texture-Based Interpretation Workflow with Application to Delineating Salt Domes.Muhammad Amir Shafiq, Zhen Wang, Ghassan AlRegib, Asjad Amin & Mohamed Deriche - 2017 - Interpretation: SEG 5 (3):SJ1-SJ19.
    We propose a texture-based interpretation workflow and apply it to delineate salt domes in 3D migrated seismic volumes. First, we compute an attribute map using a novel seismic attribute, 3D gradient of textures, which measures the dissimilarity between neighboring cubes around each voxel in a seismic volume across the time or depth, crossline, and inline directions. To evaluate the texture dissimilarity, we introduce five 3D perceptual and nonperceptual dissimilarity functions. Second, we apply a global threshold on the 3D-GoT volume to (...)
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  33.  18
    Kadizadeli Ottoman Scholarship, Muḥammad Ibn ʿAbd Al-Wahhāb, and the Rise of the Saudi State.James Muhammad Dawud Currie - 2015 - Journal of Islamic Studies 26 (3):265-288.
  34.  12
    Pembacaan baru konsep talak: Studi pemikiran Muhammad sa‘id al-‘asymāwī.Muhammad Fauzinuddin Faiz - 2016 - Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman 10 (2).
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  35. Muslim Character: An American-English Translation of Muhammad Al-Ghazali's Khuluq Al-Muslim.Muḥammad Ghazālī - 2004 - Library of Islam.
     
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  36.  11
    Muhammad Al-Qadiri's Nashr Al-Mathani: The Chronicles.Hanna E. Kassis, Norman Cigar & Muhammad al-Qadiri - 1985 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 105 (1):161.
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  37.  11
    Hybridized Symbiotic Organism Search Algorithm for the Optimal Operation of Directional Overcurrent Relays.Muhammad Sulaiman, Ashfaq Ahmad, Asfandyar Khan & Shakoor Muhammad - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-11.
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  38. Nature and Nurture in Cognition.Muhammad Ali Khalidi - 2002 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (2):251-272.
    This paper advocates a dispositional account of innate cognitive capacities, which has an illustrious history from Plato to Chomsky. The "triggering model" of innateness, first made explicit by Stich ([1975]), explicates the notion in terms of the relative informational content of the stimulus (input) and the competence (output). The advantage of this model of innateness is that it does not make a problematic reference to normal conditions and avoids relativizing innate traits to specific populations, as biological models of innateness are (...)
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  39.  12
    Ideological Manipulation in Subtitling: A Case Study of a Speech Fragment by Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.Rasool Moradi Joz, Saeed Ketabi & Hossein Vahid Dastjerdi - 2014 - Perspectives 22 (3):404-418.
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  40.  69
    Dynamics in Action: Intentional Behavior as a Complex System. [REVIEW]Muhammad Ali Khalidi & Alicia Juarrero - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (3):469.
    Action theory has given rise to some perplexing puzzles in the past half century. The most prominent one can be summarized as follows: What distinguishes intentional from unintentional acts? Thanks to the ingenuity of philosophers and their thought experiments, we know better than to assume that the difference lies in the mere presence of an intention, or in its causal efficacy in generating the action. The intention might be present and may also cause the intended behavior, yet the behavior may (...)
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  41.  68
    Innateness as a Natural Cognitive Kind.Muhammad Ali Khalidi - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (3):319-333.
    Innate cognitive capacities are widely posited in cognitive science, yet both philosophers and scientists have criticized the concept of innateness as being hopelessly confused. Despite a number of recent attempts to define or characterize innateness, critics have charged that it is associated with a diverse set of properties and encourages unwarranted inferences among properties that are frequently unrelated. This criticism can be countered by showing that the properties associated with innateness cluster together in reliable ways, at least in the context (...)
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  42.  16
    Improved Solutions for the Optimal Coordination of DOCRs Using Firefly Algorithm.Muhammad Sulaiman, Waseem, Shakoor Muhammad & Asfandyar Khan - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-15.
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  43. Against Functional Reductionism in Cognitive Science.Muhammad Ali Khalidi - 2005 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 19 (3):319 – 333.
    Functional reductionism concerning mental properties has recently been advocated by Jaegwon Kim in order to solve the problem of the 'causal exclusion' of the mental. Adopting a reductionist strategy first proposed by David Lewis, he regards psychological properties as being 'higher-order' properties functionally defined over 'lower-order' properties, which are causally efficacious. Though functional reductionism is compatible with the multiple realizability of psychological properties, it is blocked if psychological properties are subdivided or crosscut by neurophysiological properties. I argue that there is (...)
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  44.  75
    Carving Nature at the Joints.Muhammad Ali Khalidi - 1993 - Philosophy of Science 60 (1):100-113.
    This paper discusses a philosophical issue in taxonomy. At least one philosopher has suggested thc taxonomic principle that scientific kinds are disjoint. An opposing position is dcfcndcd here by marshalling examples of nondisjoint categories which belong to different, cocxisting classification schcmcs. This dcnial of thc disjoinmcss principle can bc recast as thc claim that scientific classification is "int<-:rcst—rclativc". But why would anyone have held that scientific categories arc disjoint in the first place'? It is argued that this assumption is nccdcd (...)
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  45. Recent Interviews With Philosophy For Children Scholars And Practitioners.Saeed Naji - 2013 - Childhood and Philosophy 9 (17):153-170.
    In these two long-distance interviews, Iranian Saeed Naji, founder of the Philosophy for Children movement in Iran, questions two veteran practitioners of philosophy for children/community of philosophical inquiry . He raises issues related to P4C/CPI as representative of a larger educational paradigm, which he calls “reflective education,” and weighs its prospects for replacing what he calls the “traditional paradigm” worldwide. He also queries the two scholars on issues such as criteria for appropriate texts/stimuli for practicing philosophy with children; issues (...)
     
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  46. Islamic Thought: An Introduction.Abdullah Saeed - 2006 - Routledge.
    _Islamic Thought_ is a fresh and contemporary introduction to the philosophies and doctrines of Islam. Abdullah Saeed, a distinguished Muslim scholar, traces the development of religious knowledge in Islam, from the pre-modern to the modern period. The book focuses on Muslim thought, as well as the development, production and transmission of religious knowledge, and the trends, schools and movements that have contributed to the production of this knowledge. Key topics in Islamic culture are explored, including the development of the (...)
     
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  47. The Educational Philosophy of Elijah Muhammad: Education for a New World.Abul Pitre & Tynnetta Muhammad - 2007 - Upa.
    Features new to the second edition include a foreword by Tynnetta Muhammad, wife and student of Elijah Muhammad; opening comments by world renowned mathematician Dr. Abdulalim Sahabazz; a new chapter co-authored with Dr. Dorothy Blake Fardan; plus guided questions and power point notes to stimulate discourse around Elijah Muhammad's educational ideas.
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  48.  51
    Board Age and Gender Diversity: A Test of Competing Linear and Curvilinear Predictions. [REVIEW]Muhammad Ali, Yin Lu Ng & Carol T. Kulik - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 125 (3):1-16.
    The inconsistent findings of past board diversity research demand a test of competing linear and curvilinear diversity–performance predictions. This research focuses on board age and gender diversity, and presents a positive linear prediction based on resource dependence theory, a negative linear prediction based on social identity theory, and an inverted U-shaped curvilinear prediction based on the integration of resource dependence theory with social identity theory. The predictions were tested using archival data on 288 large organizations listed on the Australian Securities (...)
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  49. Innateness and Domain Specificity.Muhammad Ali Khalidi - 2001 - Philosophical Studies 105 (2):191-210.
    There is a widespread assumption in cognitive science that there is anintrinsic link between the phenomena of innateness and domain specificity. Many authors seem to hold that given the properties of these two phenomena, it follows that innate mental states are domain-specific, or that domain-specific states are innate. My aim in this paper is to argue that there are no convincing grounds for asserting either claim. After introducing the notions of innateness and domain specificity, I consider some possible arguments for (...)
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  50.  85
    Should We Eliminate the Innate? Reply to Griffiths and Machery.Muhammad Ali Khalidi - 2009 - Philosophical Psychology 22 (4):505 – 519.
    Griffiths and Machery (2008) have argued that innateness is a folk notion that obstructs inquiry and has no place in contemporary science. They support their view by criticizing the canalization account of innateness (Ariew, 1999, 2006). In response, I argue that the criticisms they raise for the canalization account can be avoided by another recent account of innateness, the triggering account, which provides an analysis of the concept as it applies to cognitive capacities (Khalidi, 2002, 2007; Stich, 1975). I also (...)
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