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Paul Hoffman [40]Paul David Hoffman [3]Paul J. Hoffman [1]
  1. The Unity of Descartes's Man.Paul Hoffman - 1986 - Philosophical Review 95 (3):339-370.
    ne of the leading problems for Cartesian dualism is to provide an account of the union of mind and body. This problem is often construed to be one of explaining how thinking things and extended things can causally interact. That is, it needs to be explained how thoughts in the mind can produce motions in the body and how motions in the body can produce sensations, appetites, and emotions in the mind. The conclusion often drawn, as it was by three (...)
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  2.  14
    The Philosophical Writings of Descartes.John Carriero, Paul Hoffman, John Cottingham, Robert Stoothoff & Dugald Murdoch - 1990 - Philosophical Review 99 (1):93.
  3. Direct Realism, Intentionality, and the Objective Being of Ideas.Paul Hoffman - 2002 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 83 (2):163-179.
    My aim is to arrive at a better understanding of the distinction between direct realism and representationalism by offering a critical analysis of Steven Nadler.
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  4. Descartes’s Theory of Distinction.Paul Hoffman - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (1):57-78.
    In the first part of this paper I explore the relations among distinctness, separability, number, and non-identity. I argue that Descartes believes plurality in things themselves arises from distinction, so that things distinct in any of the three ways are not identical. The only exception concerns universals which, considered in things themselves, are identical to particulars. I also argue that to be distinct is to be separable. Things distinct by reason are separable only in thought by means of ideas not (...)
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  5.  67
    Essays on Descartes.Paul Hoffman - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    This is a collection of Paul Hoffman's wide-ranging essays on Descartes composed over the past twenty-five years. The essays in Part I include his celebrated "The Unity of Descartes' Man," in which he argues that Descartes accepts the Aristotelian view that soul and body are related as form to matter and that the human being is a substance; a series of subsequent essays elaborating on this interpretation and defending it against objections; and an essay on Descartes' theory of distinction. In (...)
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  6.  7
    Effect of Spacing and Range of Stimuli on Magnitude Estimation Judgements.Panna Lal Pradham & Paul J. Hoffman - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (6):533.
  7.  25
    Ideas, Qualities and Corpuscles: Locke and Boyle on the External World.Paul Hoffman & Peter Alexander - 1987 - Philosophical Review 96 (4):603.
  8.  56
    Descartes on Misrepresentation.Paul David Hoffman - 1996 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 34 (3):357-381.
    I examine Descartes's theory of cognition, taking as a starting point his account of how misperception is possible. In the Third Meditation Descartes introduces the hypothesis that there are ideas (such as the idea of cold) which seem to be of something real but which in fact represent nothing (if, for example, cold is a privation or absence of heat, rather than the presence of a positive quality). I argue, against Margaret Wilson, that Descartes does not think there are any (...)
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  9.  13
    Concepts, Control, and Context: A Connectionist Account of Normal and Disordered Semantic Cognition.Paul Hoffman, James L. McClelland & Matthew A. Lambon Ralph - 2018 - Psychological Review 125 (3):293-328.
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  10. Cartesian Passions and Cartesian Dualism.Paul Hoffman - 1990 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 71 (4):310.
    Descartes retains the Aristotelian doctrine that when an agent acts on a patient, the action of the agent is one and the same as the passion in the patient. However, unlike his Aristotelian predecessors who located the agent's action in the patient, Descartes locates the agent's action in the agent. I examine briefly his motives for modifying, but not abandoning this doctrine. My central claim is that his use of this doctrine implies that he thinks there are modes straddling mind (...)
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  11.  47
    Three Dualist Theories of the Passions.Paul Hoffman - 1991 - Philosophical Topics 19 (1):153-200.
  12.  82
    Cartesian Composites.Paul David Hoffman - 1999 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 37 (2):251-270.
  13. Kripke on Private Language.Paul Hoffman - 1985 - Philosophical Studies 47 (1):23-28.
  14. Thomas Reid's Notion of Exertion.Paul Hoffman - 2006 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (3):431-447.
    : Thomas Reid uses the notion of exertion in various ways that have not been distinguished in the secondary literature. Sometimes he uses it to refer to the exercise of a capacity or power, sometimes to the turning on or activitating of a capacity or power, and still other times to the attempt to activate a capacity or power. Getting clear on Reid's different uses of the term 'exertion' is essential to understanding his account of the sequence of events in (...)
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  15.  13
    Alternative Possibilities: A Reply To Lamb.John Martin Fischer & Paul Hoffman - 1994 - Journal of Philosophy 91 (6):321-326.
  16. The Union and Interaction of Mind and Body.Paul Hoffman - 2008 - In A Companion to Descartes. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 390--403.
  17.  26
    St. Thomas Aquinas on the Halfway State of Sensible Being.Paul Hoffman - 1990 - Philosophical Review 99 (1):73-92.
  18.  37
    Hume on the Distinction of Reason.Paul Hoffman - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (6):1131 - 1141.
    This paper concerns Hume?s treatment of the distinction of reason in the Treatise, I.i.7. Many scholars have claimed that there is a tension between his account of the distinction of reason and his commitment to his so-called separability principle. I explain why Hume?s account of the distinction of reason is fully consistent with the principle, and show how other discussions, both critical of and sympathetic to Hume, fail to appreciate the radicalness of his position. I evaluate Hume?s bold position and (...)
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  19. The Passions and Freedom of the Will.Paul Hoffman - 2003 - In Byron Williston & André Gombay (eds.), Passion and Virtue in Descartes. Humanity Books. pp. 261--99.
     
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  20.  34
    Freedom and Strength of Will: Descartes and Albritton. [REVIEW]Paul Hoffman - 1995 - Philosophical Studies 77 (2-3):241 - 260.
  21. 'The Being of Leibnizian Phenomena.Paul Hoffman - 1996 - Studia Leibnitiana 28 (1):108-18.
    Robert M. Adams behauptet, daß Leibniz' zwei Konzeptionen der Körper als bloße Phänomene und als Aggregate von Substanzen konsistent und somit Bestandteile einer einzigen Theorie der Phänomene seien. Dagegen möchte ich hier zeigen, daß Adams' Strategie, Körper als intentionale Objekte der Perzeption zu verstehen - als objektive Realität von Ideen im kartesischen Sinn - nicht vereinbar damit ist, sie als Aggregate von Substanzen aufzufassen. Mit Adams stimme ich insofern überein, als Aggregate von Monaden sich nur im Geist als Einheit finden, (...)
     
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  22. Does Efficient Causation Presuppose Final Causation? Aquinas Vs. Early Modern Mechanism.Paul Hoffman - 2009 - In Samuel Newlands & Larry M. Jorgensen (eds.), Metaphysics and the Good: Themes From the Philosophy of Robert Merrihew Adams. Oxford University Press.
     
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  23. Alternative Possibilities: A Reply to Lamb.John Martin Fischer & Paul Hoffman - 1994 - Journal of Philosophy 91 (6):321-326.
  24.  7
    Descartes’s Theory of Distinction.Paul Hoffman - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (1):57-78.
    In the first part of this paper I explore the relations among distinctness, separability, number, and non-identity. I argue that Descartes believes plurality in things themselves arises from distinction, so that things distinct in any of the three ways are not identical. The only exception concerns universals which, considered in things themselves, are identical to particulars. I also argue that to be distinct is to be separable. Things distinct by reason are separable only in thought by means of ideas not (...)
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  25.  2
    Thomas Reid's Notion of Exertion.Paul Hoffman - 2006 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (3):431-447.
    Thomas Reid uses the notion of exertion in various ways that have not been distinguished in the secondary literature. Sometimes he uses it to refer to the exercise of a capacity or power, sometimes to the turning on or activitating of a capacity or power, and still other times to the attempt to activate a capacity or power. Getting clear on Reid's different uses of the term 'exertion' is essential to understanding his account of the sequence of events in human (...)
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  26. Descartes's Watch Analogy.Paul Hoffman - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 15 (3):561-567.
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy, 15, 2007, pp. 561-567. (Author Posting. (c) Taylor & Francis, 2007. It is posted here by permission of Taylor & Francis for personal use, not for redistribution.).
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  27. Locke on the Locked Room.Paul Hoffman - 2005 - Locke Studies 5:57-73.
  28. Aquinas on Threats and Temptations.Paul Hoffman - 2005 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 86 (2):225–242.
    Aquinas maintains that when we succumb to temptation our actions are wholly voluntary. When we give up a good in the face of a threat our actions are partly involuntary, but they are more voluntary than involuntary. I argue that when we succumb to temptation our actions can also be partly involuntary. I also defend my intuition that in some mixed cases our action is more involuntary than voluntary, and I show how Aquinas’s psychological theory can explain this. Finally, I (...)
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  29.  13
    Reasons, Causes, and Inclinations.Paul Hoffman - 2012 - In Martin Pickavé & Lisa Shapiro (eds.), Emotion and Cognitive Life in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 156.
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  30.  31
    Contemporary Perspectives on Early Modern Philosophy: Essays in Honor of Vere Chappell.Paul Hoffman, David Owen & Gideon Yaffe (eds.) - 2008 - Broadview Press.
    The essays in this collection are all studies in the history of modern philosophy. Together they provide a cross-section of current efforts to reconstruct ...
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  31. Final Causation in Spinoza.Paul Hoffman - 2011 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 14.
     
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  32.  65
    Plato on Appetitive Desires in the "Republic".Paul Hoffman - 2003 - Apeiron 36 (2):171 - 174.
  33.  70
    Freedom and Weakness of Will.Paul Hoffman - 2008 - Ratio 21 (1):42–54.
    Can absolute freedom of will be defended by arguing that apparent cases of diminished freedom when we act out of passion are cases of weakness of will? Rogers Albritton thought so. What is intriguing about Albritton's view is that he thought when we act from desire we are making choices, yet our desires are not functioning as reasons for those choices. So our desires must be influencing our choices in some other unspecified way that does not diminish our freedom. I (...)
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  34. A Companion to Descartes.Paul Hoffman - 2008 - Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  35. Aquinas on Spiritual Change.Paul Hoffman - 2014 - Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy 2 (1).
    This chapter is a brief discussion of Thomas Aquinas’s views on spiritual change. Much of the chapter is spent clarifying the interpretive positions staked out by Myles Burnyeat and Sheldon Cohen. The chapter argues that although there is nominal agreement between Burnyeat and Cohen on these matters due to Burnyeat’s broad definition of “physical,” there is substantive disagreement as to whether the reception of sensible forms is a wholly corporeal event. And where there is substantive agreement—namely, in the contention that (...)
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  36. Metaphysical Foundations of Descartes' Concept of Matter.Paul David Hoffman - 1982 - Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles
    In Chapter One I present an interpretation of Descartes' theory of distinction. I argue that the best understanding of the notion of separate existence at stake in the real distinction between mind and body is not that each can exist without the other existing, nor that each can exist without a real union with the other, but that each can exist without the attributes of the other. However, the only notion of separate existence which can provide an adequate acccount of (...)
     
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  37. Schopenhauer und Richard Wagners Erlösungsgedanke.Paul Hoffman - forthcoming - Schopenhauer Jahrbuch:123-139.
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  38. Getting the Goat.Paul Hoffman - 2008 - In Duncan Pritchard & Ram Neta (eds.), Arguing About Knowledge. Routledge. pp. 146.
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  39.  34
    Responses to Chappell and Watson.Paul Hoffman - 1995 - Philosophical Studies 77 (2-3):283 - 292.
    Gary Watson raises at least three objections to my interpretation of Albritton. [1] First, he says that I intimate, he thinks, that Albritton overlooks the distinction between the input side and output side of will, whereas Albritton clearly is thinking of strength and weakness of will on the input side. I didn't mean to intimate that Albritton overlooks the distinction, but I can see how my remarks might easily be read that way. In any case, it is certainly true that (...)
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  40.  4
    Final Causation in Spinoza.Paul Hoffman - 2011 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 14 (1):40-50.
    John Carriero has argued that for Spinoza there is no final causality in the Aristotelian sense and that the striving of things is merely to be understood in terms of metaphysical inertia. This paper makes a case against this claim. First it is argued that Spinoza’s notion of striving does in principle meet Thomas Aquinas’ criterion for final causation. Second it is shown that Carriero’s denial of final causation in Spinoza leads to a deflationary interpretation of Spinoza’s notions of the (...)
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  41.  14
    Plato on Appetitive Desires in the Republic.Paul Hoffman - 2003 - Apeiron 36 (2):171-174.
  42.  8
    Descartes's Gambit.Paul Hoffman - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (1):199-205.
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  43.  6
    Aquinas on Threats and Temptations.Paul Hoffman - 2005 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 86 (2):225-242.
    : Aquinas maintains that when we succumb to temptation our actions are wholly voluntary. When we give up a good in the face of a threat our actions are partly involuntary, but they are more voluntary than involuntary. I argue that when we succumb to temptation our actions can also be partly involuntary. I also defend my intuition that in some mixed cases our action is more involuntary than voluntary, and I show how Aquinas's psychological theory can explain this. Finally, (...)
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  44.  4
    "Descartes's Gambit" by Peter J. Markie. [REVIEW]Paul Hoffman - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (1):199.
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