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Peter G. N. West-Oram [10]Peter West-Oram [6]Peter George Negus West-Oram [1]
  1.  67
    Global Health Solidarity.Peter G. N. West-Oram & Alena Buyx - 2017 - Public Health Ethics 10 (2).
    For much of the 20th century, vulnerability to deprivations of health has often been defined by geographical and economic factors. Those in wealthy, usually ‘Northern’ and ‘Western’, parts of the world have benefited from infrastructures, and accidents of geography and climate, which insulate them from many serious threats to health. Conversely, poorer people are typically exposed to more threats to health, and have lesser access to the infrastructures needed to safeguard them against the worst consequences of such exposure. However, in (...)
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  2.  25
    Solidarity is for other people: identifying derelictions of solidarity in responses to COVID-19.Peter West-Oram - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (2):65-68.
    The role and importance of solidarity for effective health provision is the subject of lengthy and heated debate which has been thrown into even sharper relief by the COVID-19 pandemic. In various ways, and by various authorities we have all been asked, even instructed, to engage in solidarity with one another in order to collectively respond to the current crisis. Under normal circumstances, individuals can engage in solidarity with their compatriots in the context of public health provision in a number (...)
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  3.  59
    Conscientious Objection in Healthcare Provision: A New Dimension.Peter West-Oram & Alena Buyx - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (4):336-343.
    The right to conscientious objection in the provision of healthcare is the subject of a lengthy, heated and controversial debate. Recently, a new dimension was added to this debate by the US Supreme Court's decision in Burwell vs. Hobby Lobby et al. which effectively granted rights to freedom of conscience to private, for-profit corporations. In light of this paradigm shift, we examine one of the most contentious points within this debate, the impact of granting conscience exemptions to healthcare providers on (...)
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  4.  58
    Conscientious Objection in Healthcare Provision: A New Dimension.Peter West-Oram & Alena Buyx - 2015 - Bioethics 30 (5):336-343.
    The right to conscientious objection in the provision of healthcare is the subject of a lengthy, heated and controversial debate. Recently, a new dimension was added to this debate by the US Supreme Court's decision in Burwell vs. Hobby Lobby et al. which effectively granted rights to freedom of conscience to private, for-profit corporations. In light of this paradigm shift, we examine one of the most contentious points within this debate, the impact of granting conscience exemptions to healthcare providers on (...)
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  5.  25
    Solidarity as a national health care strategy.Peter West-Oram - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (9):577-584.
    The Trump Administration's recent attempts to repeal the Affordable Care Act have reignited long‐running debates surrounding the nature of justice in health care provision, the extent of our obligations to others, and the most effective ways of funding and delivering quality health care. In this article, I respond to arguments that individualist systems of health care provision deliver higher‐quality health care and promote liberty more effectively than the cooperative, solidaristic approaches that characterize health care provision in most wealthy countries apart (...)
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  6.  22
    From self‐interest to solidarity: One path towards delivering refugee health.Peter G. N. West-Oram - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (6):343-352.
    The recent and ongoing refugee crisis in Europe highlights conflicting attitudes about the rights of migrants and refugees to health care in transition and destination countries. Some European and Scandinavian states, such as Germany and Sweden, have welcomed large numbers of migrants, while others, such as the U.K., have been significantly less open. In part, this is because of reluctance by certain national governments to incur what are seen as the high costs of delivering aid and care to migrants. In (...)
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  7.  44
    Freedom of Conscience and Health Care in the United States of America: The Conflict Between Public Health and Religious Liberty in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.Peter West-Oram - 2013 - Health Care Analysis 21 (3):237-247.
    The recent confirmation of the constitutionality of the Obama administration’s Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) by the US Supreme Court has brought to the fore long-standing debates over individual liberty and religious freedom. Advocates of personal liberty are often critical, particularly in the USA, of public health measures which they deem to be overly restrictive of personal choice. In addition to the alleged restrictions of individual freedom of choice when it comes to the question of whether or not (...)
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  8. Revising global theories of justice to include public goods.Heather Widdows & Peter G. N. West-Oram - 2013 - Journal of Global Ethics 9 (2):227 - 243.
    Our aim in this paper is to suggest that most current theories of global justice fail to adequately recognise the importance of global public goods. Broadly speaking, this failing can be attributed at least in part to the complexity of the global context, the individualistic focus of most theories of justice, and the localised nature of the theoretical foundations of most theories of global justice. We argue ? using examples (particularly that of protecting antibiotic efficacy) ? that any truly effective (...)
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  9.  10
    From Subject to Fellow Researcher: Reconceptualising Research Relationships to Safeguard Potentially Vulnerable Survey Participants.Peter G. N. West-Oram, Caroline Brooks & Valerie Jenkins - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (10):72-74.
    Volume 20, Issue 10, October 2020, Page 72-74.
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  10. Global Population and Global Justice: Equitable Distribution of Resources Among Countries.Peter G. N. West-Oram & Heather Widdows - 2012 - The Electronic Library of Science.
    Analysing the demands of global justice for the distribution of resources is a complex task and requires consideration of a broad range of issues. Of particular relevance is the effect that different distributions will have on global population growth and individual welfare. Since changes in the consumption and distribution of resources can have major effects on the welfare of the global population, and the rate at which it increases, it is important to establish meaningful principles to ensure a just distribution (...)
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  11.  42
    Why Bioethics Must be Global.Heather Widdows & Peter G. N. West-Oram - 2013 - In John Coggon & Swati Gola (eds.), Global Health and International Community: Ethical, Political and Regulatory Challenges. Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 43-62.
    This chapter considers what type of bioethics is necessary to address contemporary issues in global health. It explores what kind of ethics, or bioethics, is needed to adequately address such concerns, and argues that because the most pressing ethical dilemmas are global, a global framework must be adopted. Moreover, it argues that to adopt a local model of ethics (whether one community, one nation state or one area of jurisdiction) will fail to illuminate key issues of injustice and thus will (...)
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  12. An Argument in Favor of Human Genetic Enhancement.Peter West-Oram - 2008 - Dissertation, Queen's University
    Thesis (Master, Philosophy) -- Queen's University, 2008-09-18 17:05:35.143. -/- Human Genetic Enhancement (HGE) has the potential to provide great benefits to a large number of people in terms of alleviating inherited disease and disability and maximizing individual liberty. There are many arguments against research and application of this new technology based on a variety of grounds, including both deontological and consequentialist objections. In this thesis I examine arguments from both of these positions and argue that neither offers a satisfactory justification (...)
     
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  13.  12
    Conscience absolutism via legislative amendment.Peter G. N. West-Oram & Jordanna A. A. Nunes - 2022 - Clinical Ethics 17 (3):225-229.
    On 30 June 2021, Ohio state Governor, Mike DeWine, signed a Bill which would enact the state's budget for the next two years. In addition to its core funding imperatives, the Bill also contained an amendment significantly expanding entitlements of health care providers to conscientiously object to professional duties to provide controversial health care services. This amendment has been heavily criticised as providing the means to allow health care providers to discriminate against a wide range of persons by denying them (...)
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  14.  97
    Global health care injustice: an analysis of the demands of the basic right to health care.Peter George Negus West-Oram - 2014 - Dissertation, The University of Birmingham
    Henry Shue’s model of basic rights and their correlative duties provides an excellent framework for analysing the requirements of global distributive justice, and for theorising about the minimum acceptable standards of human entitlement and wellbeing. Shue bases his model on the claim that certain ‘basic’ rights are of universal instrumental value, and are necessary for the enjoyment of any other rights, and of any ‘decent life’. Shue’s model provides a comprehensive argument about the importance of certain fundamental goods for all (...)
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  15.  15
    International workshop: Health care provision for migrants: Comparing approaches to ethical challenges in Germany and the United Kingdom.Peter G. N. West-Oram & Nora Gottlieb - 2017 - Clinical Ethics 12 (2):76-81.
    Between the 14 and 18 March 2016, the Institute for Ethics, History and Theory of Medicine, in cooperation with the Institute for Sociology at Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, hosted an interdisciplinary workshop on migrant and refugee health in Germany and the UK. Fifteen participants from four countries met to discuss ethical issues surrounding the health of migrants and refugees in Europe, with particular emphasis on a comparison of the different approaches taken by Germany and the UK. This report provides an overview of (...)
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  16.  6
    5 Three Approaches to Global Health Care Justice: Rejecting the Positive/Negative Rights Distinction.Peter G. N. West-Oram - 2016 - In Paulo Barcelos & Gabriele De Angelis (eds.), International Development and Human Aid: Principles, Norms and Institutions for the Global Sphere. Edinburgh University Press. pp. 108-126.
  17. Book review: Privacy, Confidentiality, and Health Research, written by William H. Lowrance. [REVIEW]Peter G. N. West-Oram - 2014 - European Journal of Health Law 21 (2): 233 – 237.