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  1. added 2020-05-13
    Philosophy of Immunology.Bartlomiej Swiatczak & Alfred I. Tauber - 2020 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy 2020.
    Philosophy of immunology is a subfield of philosophy of biology dealing with ontological and epistemological issues related to the studies of the immune system. While speculative investigations and abstract analyses have always been part of immune theorizing, until recently philosophers have largely ignored immunology. Yet the implications for understanding the philosophical basis of organismal functions framed by immunity offer new perspectives on fundamental questions of biology and medicine. Developed in the context of history of medicine, theoretical biology, and medical anthropology, (...)
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  2. added 2020-04-29
    Infectious Milk: Issues of Pathogenic Certainty Within Ideational Regimes and Their Biopolitical Implications.Stephen W. Speake - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (4):530-541.
    Throughout the 19th century and early decades of the 20th century, milk was a dangerous food that required state intervention to make it safe. Throughout this period, the germ theory of contagious disease came to prominence, but could not explicitly determine the causal relationships linking germs, milk, and human illness. Using the notion of an ideational regime, I examine how (1) knowledge claims move from uncertainty to certainty and become privileged claims within ideational regimes that (2) result in an unintended, (...)
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  3. added 2020-04-27
    A Study in Renaissance Psychotropic Plant Ointments.Daniele Piomelli & Antonino Pollio - 1993 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):241-273.
    Various historical sources from the Renaissance--including transcripts of trials for witchcraft, writings on demonology and textbooks of pharmaceutical botany--describe vegetal ointments prepared by women accused of witchcraft and endowed with marked psychoactive properties. Here, we examine the botanical composition and the possible pharmacological actions of these ointments. The results of our study suggest that recipes for narcotic and mind-altering salves were known to Renaissance folk healers, and were in part distinct from homologous preparations of educated medicine. In addition, our study (...)
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  4. added 2020-04-26
    Nutrition, Women, and Sex Ratios.V. L. Bullough - 1986 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 30 (3):450-460.
  5. added 2020-04-20
    Who Should Decide? Paternalism in Health Care, by James F. Childress.M. Siegler - 1985 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 28 (3):452.
  6. added 2020-04-18
    Differential Nutrition--A New Orientation From Which to Approach the Problems of Human Nutrition.R. J. Williams & D. R. Davis - 1985 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 29 (2):199-202.
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  7. added 2020-04-06
    Meeting the Patient’s Interest in Veterinary Clinics. Ethical Dimensions of the 21st Century Animal Patient.Kerstin Weich & Herwig Grimm - 2018 - Food Ethics 1 (3):259-272.
    The main objective of this paper is to introduce the concept of the “animal patient” to academic debates on animal ethics, veterinary ethics and medical ethics. This move reflects the prioritization of the animal patient in the veterinary profession’s own current ethical self-conception. Our paper contributes to the state of research by analysing the conceptual prerequisites for the constitution and understanding of animals as patients through the lens of two concepts fundamental to the medical field: health and disease. The first (...)
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  8. added 2020-03-14
    Life as Normative Activity and Self-realization: Debate surrounding the Concept of Biological Normativity in Goldstein and Canguilhem.Agustin Ostachuk - 2015 - História, Ciências, Saúde - Manguinhos 22 (4):1199-1214.
    The influence of Kurt Goldstein on the thinking of Georges Canguilhem extended throughout his entire work. This paper seeks to examine this relationship in order to conduct a study of the norm as a nexus or connection between the concept and life. Consequently, this work will be a reflection on the approach to life as a normative activity and self-realization. For this, it will be necessary to redefine the concepts of health and disease, and make a crossover between the two. (...)
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  9. added 2020-02-18
    Philosophy and Dietetics in the Hippocratic On Regimen: A Delicate Balance of Health. By Hynek Bartos. [REVIEW]Monte Ransome Johnson - 2020 - Ancient Philosophy 40 (1):221-227.
    Hynek Bartos does the field of ancient philosophy a great service by detailing the influence of early Greek thinkers (such as Heraclitus, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, Democritus, and Diogenes of Apollonia) on the Hippocratic work On Regimen, and by demonstrating that work’s innovative engagement with contemporary scientific and philosophical concepts as well as its direct influence on Plato and Aristotle. His study usefully counteracts the lamentable tendency among ancient philosophers to ignore or downplay the influence of medical literature on philosophy in general, (...)
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  10. added 2020-02-12
    Medical Philosophy Man's Peculiarities, Weaknesses, Diseases, Degeneration, and Remedies : Showing the Simplicity of the Science of Health and Diseases, as Taught by the Best Writers in All Ages, in All Parts of the World.William Russell - 1907 - Kimpton.
  11. added 2020-02-11
    Validation of a Non-Linear Model of Health.Stefan Topolski & Joachim Sturmberg - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):1026-1035.
    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the veracity of a theoretically derived model of health that describes a non-linear trajectory of health from birth to death with available population data sets. Methods: The distribution of mortality by age is directly related to health at that age, thus health approximates 1/mortality. The inverse of available all-cause mortality data from various time periods and populations was used as proxy data to compare with the theoretically derived non-linear health model predictions, (...)
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  12. added 2020-02-09
    The Notion of Normal in Psychiatry.Hanz Binder - 1957 - Philosophy Today 1 (2):132.
  13. added 2020-02-08
    Kenneth A. Richman: Ethics and the Metaphysics of Medicine: Reflections on Health and Beneficence. [REVIEW]William Stempsey - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (1):125-127.
  14. added 2020-02-08
    Disease and Diagnosis Value-Dependent Realism.William E. Stempsey - 2000
    The germs of the ideas in this book became implanted in me during my experience as a resident in clinical pathology at Boston University Medical Center. At the time, I had inklings that the test results churned out by our laboratories were more than scientific facts. As a philosophically unsophisticated young physician, however, I had no language or framework to analyze what I saw as a deep philosophical problem, a problem largely unrecognized by most physicians. The test results provided by (...)
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  15. added 2020-02-08
    Disease, Life, and Man. [REVIEW]Rudolf Virchow & Lelland J. Rather - 1959 - Philosophy of Science 26 (4):386-386.
  16. added 2020-02-07
    Medical Ontology.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2nd ed. 2015 - In Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine. Springer Verlag.
    Due to the intricate nature of its subject matter, medicine is always threatened by speculations and disagreements about which among its entities exist, e.g., any specific biological structures, substructures or substances, pathogenic agents, pathophysiological processes, diseases, psychosomatic relationships, therapeutic effects, and other possible and impossible things. To avoid confusion, and to determine what entities an item of medical knowledge presupposes to exist if it is to be true, we need medical ontology. The term “medical ontology” we understand to mean the (...)
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  17. added 2020-02-05
    Health Care and Hedonism.Francis Schiller - 1980 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 24 (1):81-94.
  18. added 2020-02-05
    A Brief Outline of Chinese Medical History with Particular Reference to Acupuncture.Choh-Luh Li - 1974 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 18 (1):132-143.
  19. added 2020-02-05
    The Meaning of Health.Paul Tillich - 1961 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 5 (1):92-100.
  20. added 2020-02-04
    Veterinarians Between the Frontlines?! The Concept of One Health and Three Frames of Health in Veterinary Medicine.Herwig Grimm, Kerstin Weich & Martin Huth - 2019 - Food Ethics 3 (1-2):91-108.
    The “One Health” initiative promises to combine different health-related issues concerning humans and animals in an overarching concept and in related practices to the benefit of both humans and animals. Far from dismissing One Health, this paper nevertheless argues that different veterinary interventions are determined by social practices and connected expectations and are, thus, hardly compliant with only one single conceptualization of health, as the One Health concept suggests. One Health relies on a naturalistic understanding of health focusing on similar (...)
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  21. added 2020-02-04
    The New Holism: P4 Systems Medicine and the Medicalization of Health and Life Itself.Henrik Vogt, Bjørn Hofmann & Linn Getz - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (2):307-323.
    The emerging concept of systems medicine is at the vanguard of the post-genomic movement towards ‘precision medicine’. It is the medical application of systems biology, the biological study of wholes. Of particular interest, P4 systems medicine is currently promised as a revolutionary new biomedical approach that is holistic rather than reductionist. This article analyzes its concept of holism, both with regard to methods and conceptualization of health and disease. Rather than representing a medical holism associated with basic humanistic ideas, we (...)
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  22. added 2020-02-04
    The Healing Hand By Guido Majno.Stephen R. Ell - 1993 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 37 (1):154-155.
  23. added 2020-02-04
    The Nature of Suffering and the Goals of Medicine By Eric Cassell.Alan B. Astrow - 1993 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 37 (1):150-152.
  24. added 2020-02-03
    Medicine: The Public Good and One's Own.Walsh McDermott - 1978 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 21 (2):167-187.
  25. added 2020-01-29
    A New Kind of Doctor: The General Practitioner's Part in the Health of the Community. [REVIEW]William A. Silverman - 1990 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 33 (2):310-311.
  26. added 2020-01-29
    Hidden Health Disabilities and the Presidency: Medical Management and Political Consideration.Robert S. Robins & Henry Rothschild - 1981 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 24 (2):240-253.
  27. added 2020-01-29
    Arctic Nutrition.Ragnar Nicolaysen - 1980 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 23 (2-1):295-310.
  28. added 2020-01-29
    Mirage of Health by René Dubos.John F. Enders - 1960 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 3 (3):435-436.
    This is a book that is much easier to read than to review. For its originality and charm lie chiefly in the luminous, lively style and the choice of illustrative material garnered with great skill from an impressive array of authors ancient and modern. In these respects this long essay, which is as much philosophical and literary as scientific, is clearly in the distinguished tradition of French critical and philosophical writing although the language is English. It is easy to imagine (...)
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  29. added 2020-01-29
    What Has Happened to Nutrition?Howard A. Schneider - 1958 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 1 (3):278-292.
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  30. added 2020-01-28
    The Value of Health in the Writings of H.D. Thoreau.Antonio Casado da Rocha - 2009 - Environmental Values 18 (2):201-215.
    By means of a survey of Thoreau's writings, this article analyses his thoughts on health, emphasising some features that fit well with contemporary debates in the philosophy of medicine. Thoreau understands health as an environmental value, one that cannot be achieved without a personal relation to nature, but he does not provide a static definition of health within a fixed hierarchy of values. Thus he avoids a certain degree of essentialism that, when imposed on his work, makes it seem more (...)
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  31. added 2020-01-27
    The Personal Nature of Health.Joachim P. Sturmberg - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (4):766-769.
    "Every man has his particular way of being in good health" - Emanuel Kant. Emanuel Kant's description of health stands in stark contrast to accepted definitions of health. For example, the WHO defines ‘health’ as ‘a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity’. However, as people get on with day-to-day living, no one can achieve the goal of ‘complete physical, mental and social well-being’. It is odd to define ‘health’ as (...)
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  32. added 2020-01-27
    The Notion of Health and the Morality of Genetic Intervention.Erik Malmqvist - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (2):181-192.
    In the present paper it is argued that genetic interventions on human embryos are in principle permissible if they promote the health of the persons that these embryos will one day become and impermissible if they compromise their health. This so called health-intervention principle is reached by, inter alia, rejecting alternative approaches to the problem of the permissibility of genetic intervention. The health-intervention principle can be interpreted in different ways depending on how the notion of health is understood. The central (...)
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  33. added 2020-01-23
    The Importance of Genetic Services for the Theory of Health: A Basis for an Integrating View of Health. [REVIEW]Juan Manuel Torres - 2002 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (1):43-51.
    The first part of this article shows that oureffective means to know and modify directly thehuman genetic make-up generates singular anddifficult situations for the application offundamental medical categories. Specifically,we demonstrate that in dealing with thesesituations, some predominant views on health,such as descriptivism or that which reduces thestate of health to not having presentdisabilities, cannot provide adequate answerseither from the point of view of medicalscience or in terms of our ordinary intuitions.The second part of the article examines thereasons for the failure (...)
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  34. added 2020-01-23
    Health and Adaptedness.Ingmar Pörn - 1993 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (4).
    The purpose of this paper is to give an explication of the concept of health which does not rely on the concept of disease. The explication is informed by a view of the human individual as an acting subject and it therefore places the abilities of agents in the centre. Abilities may be qualified in different ways. The qualification essential for understanding the dimension of health and illness relates abilities to environmental circumstances and high-ranking projects in the life plan. For (...)
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  35. added 2020-01-22
    Concepts of Disease and Health.Dominic Murphy - 2015 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  36. added 2020-01-22
    A Second Rebuttal On Health.Christopher Boorse - 2014 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (6):683-724.
    This essay replies to critics since 1995 of my “biostatistical theory” of health. According to the BST, a pathological condition is a state of statistically species-subnormal biological part-functional ability, relative to sex and age. Theoretical health, the total absence of pathological conditions, is then a value-free scientific notion. Recent critics offer a mixture of old and new objections to this analysis. Some new ones relate to choice of reference class, situation-specificity of function, common diseases and healthy populations, improvements in population (...)
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  37. added 2020-01-22
    Concepts of Health and Disease.Christopher Boorse - 2011 - In Fred Gifford (ed.), Philosophy of Medicine. Elsevier. pp. 16--13.
  38. added 2020-01-22
    A Rebuttal on Health.Christopher Boorse - 1997 - In James M. Humber & Robert F. Almeder (eds.), What is Disease? Humana Press. pp. 1--134.
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  39. added 2020-01-22
    Concepts of Health.Christopher Boorse - 1987 - In Donald VanDeVeer & Tom Regan (eds.), Health Care Ethics: An Introduction. Temple Univ. Press. pp. 377--7.
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  40. added 2020-01-22
    What a Theory of Mental Health Should Be.Christopher Boorse - 1976 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 6 (1):61–84.
  41. added 2020-01-22
    The Concepts of Health and Disease.H. Tristram Engelhardt - 1975 - In H. Tristram Engelhardt & Stuart F. Spicker (eds.), Evaluation and explanation in the biomedical sciences. Dordrecht: Reidel. pp. 125-141.
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  42. added 2020-01-22
    Medicine's Role in Comprehensive Care.Donald G. Bates - 1972 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 15 (3):317-325.
  43. added 2020-01-20
    A Critical Review of the Concept of Stress in Psychosomatic Medicine.Robert D. Martin - 1984 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 27 (3):443-464.
  44. added 2020-01-20
    The Healer's Art: A New Approach to the Doctor-Patient Relationship by Eric J. Cassell.Richard H. Kessler - 1977 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 20 (3):461-462.
  45. added 2020-01-20
    Stress Without Distress By Hans Selye.Dwight J. Ingle - 1975 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 18 (3):427-427.
  46. added 2020-01-17
    Strained Mercy: The Economics of Canadian Health Care, by Robert G. Evans.Theodore R. Marmor - 1987 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 30 (4):590-596.
  47. added 2020-01-12
    Public Knowledge and Perceptions of Connected Health.Paul J. Barr, Shauna C. Brady, Carmel M. Hughes & James C. McElnay - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (3):246-254.
    This study aims to examine the public's knowledge and perceptions of connected health (CH).
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  48. added 2020-01-11
    Implementation of Evidence-Based Falls Prevention in Clinical Services for High-Risk Clients.Lesley Day, Margaret J. Trotter, Keith D. Hill, Terry P. Haines & Catherine Thompson - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (3):255-259.
    The extent to which best practice for falls prevention is being routinely delivered by health care providers for community‐dwelling older adults is unclear. We investigated falls prevention practice among Hospital Admission Risk Programs (HARP) that provide and coordinate specialized health care for people at high risk of hospitalization.
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  49. added 2020-01-11
    Combining Propensity Score-Based Stratification and Weighting to Improve Causal Inference in the Evaluation of Health Care Interventions.Ariel Linden - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):1065-1071.
  50. added 2020-01-11
    Matching Patients to an Intervention for Back Pain: Classifying Patients Using a Latent Class Approach.Martine J. Barons, Frances E. Griffiths, Nick Parsons, Anca Alba, Margaret Thorogood, Graham F. Medley & Sarah E. Lamb - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (4):544-550.
    Classification of patients with back pain in order to inform treatments is a long‐standing aim in medicine. We used latent class analysis (LCA) to classify patients with low back pain and investigate whether different classes responded differently to a cognitive behavioural intervention. The objective was to provide additional guidance on the use of cognitive behavioural therapy to both patients and clinicians.
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