Results for 'Quantum computing'

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  1.  58
    Quantum Computing’s Classical Problem, Classical Computing’s Quantum Problem.Rodney Van Meter - 2014 - Foundations of Physics 44 (8):819-828.
    Tasked with the challenge to build better and better computers, quantum computing and classical computing face the same conundrum: the success of classical computing systems. Small quantum computing systems have been demonstrated, and intermediate-scale systems are on the horizon, capable of calculating numeric results or simulating physical systems far beyond what humans can do by hand. However, to be commercially viable, they must surpass what our wildly successful, highly advanced classical computers can already do. (...)
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  2.  36
    The Creation, Discovery, View: Towards a Possible Explanation of Quantum Reality.Towards A. Possible Explanation Of Quantum - 1999 - In Maria Luisa Dalla Chiara (ed.), Language, Quantum, Music. pp. 105.
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  3.  89
    Quantum Computing.Amit Hagar & Michael Cuffaro - 2019 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Combining physics, mathematics and computer science, quantum computing and its sister discipline of quantum information have developed in the past few decades from visionary ideas to two of the most fascinating areas of quantum theory. General interest and excitement in quantum computing was initially triggered by Peter Shor (1994) who showed how a quantum algorithm could exponentially “speed-up” classical computation and factor large numbers into primes far more efficiently than any (known) classical algorithm. (...)
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  4. An Introduction to Quantum Computing.Phillip Kaye, Raymond Laflamme & Michele Mosca - 2006 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This concise, accessible text provides a thorough introduction to quantum computing - an exciting emergent field at the interface of the computer, engineering, mathematical and physical sciences. Aimed at advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in these disciplines, the text is technically detailed and is clearly illustrated throughout with diagrams and exercises. Some prior knowledge of linear algebra is assumed, including vector spaces and inner products. However, prior familiarity with topics such as quantum mechanics and computational complexity (...)
     
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  5.  22
    On the Impact of Quantum Computing Technology on Future Developments in High-Performance Scientific Computing.Matthias Möller & Cornelis Vuik - 2017 - Ethics and Information Technology 19 (4):253-269.
    Quantum computing technologies have become a hot topic in academia and industry receiving much attention and financial support from all sides. Building a quantum computer that can be used practically is in itself an outstanding challenge that has become the ‘new race to the moon’. Next to researchers and vendors of future computing technologies, national authorities are showing strong interest in maturing this technology due to its known potential to break many of today’s encryption techniques, which (...)
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  6.  50
    The Initialization Problem in Quantum Computing.Subhash Kak - 1999 - Foundations of Physics 29 (2):267-279.
    The problem of initializing phase in a quantum computing system is considered. The initialization of phases is a problem when the system is initially present in a superposition state as well as in the application of the quantum gate transformations, since each gate will introduce phase uncertainty. The accumulation of these random phases will reduce the effectiveness of the recently proposed quantum computing schemes. The paper also presents general observations on the nonlocal nature of (...) errors and the expected performance of the recently proposed quantum error-correction codes that are based on the assumption that the errors are either bit-flip or phase-flip or both. It is argued that these codes cannot directly solve the initialization problem of quantum computing. (shrink)
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  7. On the Role of Quantum Computing in Grounding Morphological Complexity.Martina Properzi - 2018 - International Journal of Current Advanced Research 7 (9):15444-15448.
    In this Short Communication we will discuss the role played by quantum computing within the emerging morphological paradigm in the unconventional natural computing. We intend merely introduce the main reasons why a coherent representation of Universality in morphological natural computing needs to be grounded on a version of Quantum Field Theory independent, in many senses, from the Quantum Mechanics formalism in fundamental physics, namely formulated as a thermal field theory. This theory describes the “emergence” (...)
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  8. Decryption and Quantum Computing: Seven Qubits and Counting.John G. Cramer - unknown
    Alternate View Column AV-112 Keywords: quantum mechanics entangled states computer computing 7 qubits prime number factoring Schor algorithm NMR nuclear magnetic resonance fast parallel decryption coherence wave-function collapse many-worlds transactional interpretation Published in the June-2002 issue of Analog Science Fiction & Fact Magazine ; This column was written and submitted 12/19/2001 and is copyrighted ©2001 by John G. Cramer.
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  9.  7
    Trapped Ion Quantum Computing and the Principles of Logic.Alfredo Pereira Jr & Roberson Polli - 2005 - Manuscrito 28 (2):559-573.
    An experimental realization of quantum computers is composed of two or more calcium ions trapped in a magnetic quadripole. Information is transferred to and read from the ions by means of structured lasers that interact with the ions’ vibration pattern, causing changes of energy distribution in their electronic structure. Departing from an initial state when the ions are cooled, the use of lasers modifies the internal state of one ion that is entangled with the others, then changing the collective (...)
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  10. Trapped Ion Quantum Computing And The Principles Of Logic.Alfredo Pereira Jr & Roberson Polli - 2006 - Manuscrito 29 (2):559-573.
    An experimental realization of quantum computers is composed of two or more calcium ions trapped in a magnetic quadripole. Information is transferred to and read from the ions by means of structured lasers that interact with the ions’ vibration pattern, causing changes of energy distribution in their electronic structure. Departing from an initial state when the ions are cooled, the use of lasers modifies the internal state of one ion that is entangled with the others, then changing the collective (...)
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  11. How to Teach an Old Dog New Tricks: Quantum Information, Quantum Computing, and the Philosophy of Physics.Armond Duwell - 2004 - Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh
     
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  12.  69
    Quantum Logic as Motivated by Quantum Computing.J. Michael Dunn, Tobias J. Hagge, Lawrence S. Moss & Zhenghan Wang - 2005 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 70 (2):353 - 359.
  13.  32
    Editors' Introduction: The Third Life of Quantum Logic: Quantum Logic Inspired by Quantum Computing[REVIEW]J. Michael Dunn, Lawrence S. Moss & Zhenghan Wang - 2013 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (3):443-459.
  14.  8
    Quantum Logic as Motivated by Quantum Computing.J. Michael Dunn, Tobias J. Hagge, Lawrence S. Moss & Zhenghan Wang - 2005 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 70 (2):353-359.
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  15.  7
    The Polysemy of the Sign: From Quantum Computing to the Garden of Forking Paths.Yair Neuman - 2008 - Semiotica 2008 (169):155-168.
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  16.  10
    Consciousness and Logic in a Quantum-Computing Universe.Paola Zizzi - 2006 - In J. Tuszynski (ed.), The Emerging Physics of Consciousness. Springer Verlag. pp. 457--481.
  17.  12
    Reflections on Quantum Computing.Michael J. Dinneen, Karl Svozil & Cristian S. Calude - 2000 - Complexity 6 (1):35-37.
  18.  35
    Book Review: Quantum Computing and Quantum Communications, Edited by Colin P. Williams. [REVIEW]Stanley P. Gudder - 1999 - Foundations of Physics 29 (10):1639-1642.
  19.  25
    Richard L. Amoroso is a Theoretical Physicist and Noeticist. He is the Director of the Noetic Advanced Studies Institute, California, and of the Quantum Computing Research Laboratory, Veszprem University, Hungary. The Author of More Than 30 Books, 200 Academic Papers and Chapters in Five Languages, He Holds Four US Patents on Quantum Computing and Related Medical Technologies. [REVIEW]James E. Beichler - 2012 - In Ingrid Fredriksson (ed.), Aspects of Consciousness: Essays on Physics, Death and the Mind. Mcfarland & Co.. pp. 217.
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  20.  22
    Quantum Computing Since Democritus.R. Netz - 2014 - Common Knowledge 20 (3):490-491.
  21. Quantum Computing Without Magic: Devices.Zdzislaw Meglicki - 2008 - MIT Press.
     
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  22.  1
    Quantum-Based Feature Selection for Multiclassification Problem in Complex Systems with Edge Computing.Wenjie Liu, Junxiu Chen, Yuxiang Wang, Peipei Gao, Zhibin Lei & Xu Ma - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-12.
    The complex systems with edge computing require a huge amount of multifeature data to extract appropriate insights for their decision making, so it is important to find a feasible feature selection method to improve the computational efficiency and save the resource consumption. In this paper, a quantum-based feature selection algorithm for the multiclassification problem, namely, QReliefF, is proposed, which can effectively reduce the complexity of algorithm and improve its computational efficiency. First, all features of each sample are encoded (...)
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  23. Quantum Algorithms: Philosophical Lessons.Amit Hagar - 2007 - Minds and Machines 17 (2):233-247.
    I discuss the philosophical implications that the rising new science of quantum computing may have on the philosophy of computer science. While quantum algorithms leave the notion of Turing-Computability intact, they may re-describe the abstract space of computational complexity theory hence militate against the autonomous character of some of the concepts and categories of computer science.
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  24.  33
    Universality, Invariance, and the Foundations of Computational Complexity in the Light of the Quantum Computer.Michael Cuffaro - 2018 - In Sven Hansson (ed.), Technology and Mathematics: Philosophical and Historical Investigations. Springer. pp. 253-282.
    Computational complexity theory is a branch of computer science dedicated to classifying computational problems in terms of their difficulty. While computability theory tells us what we can compute in principle, complexity theory informs us regarding our practical limits. In this chapter I argue that the science of \emph{quantum computing} illuminates complexity theory by emphasising that its fundamental concepts are not model-independent, but that this does not, as some suggest, force us to radically revise the foundations of the theory. (...)
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  25. On the Physical Explanation for Quantum Computational Speedup.Michael E. Cuffaro - 2013 - Dissertation, The University of Western Ontario
    The aim of this dissertation is to clarify the debate over the explanation of quantum speedup and to submit, for the reader's consideration, a tentative resolution to it. In particular, I argue, in this dissertation, that the physical explanation for quantum speedup is precisely the fact that the phenomenon of quantum entanglement enables a quantum computer to fully exploit the representational capacity of Hilbert space. This is impossible for classical systems, joint states of which must always (...)
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  26.  80
    Maxwell's Demon 2: Entropy, Classical and Quantum Information, Computing[REVIEW]Orly R. Shenker - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 35 (3):537-540.
  27.  5
    Fast Quantum Algorithms for Handling Probabilistic and Interval Uncertainty.Vladik Kreinovich & Luc Longpré - 2004 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 50 (45):405-416.
    In many real-life situations, we are interested in the value of a physical quantity y that is difficult or impossible to measure directly. To estimate y, we find some easier-to-measure quantities x1, … , xn which are related to y by a known relation y = f. Measurements are never 100% accurate; hence, the measured values equation image are different from xi, and the resulting estimate equation image is different from the desired value y = f. How different can it (...)
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  28. Ultimate Zero and One: Computing at the Quantum Frontier.S. P. Gudder - 2000 - Foundations of Physics 30 (4):607-610.
     
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  29.  57
    Quantum Physical Symbol Systems.Kathryn Blackmond Laskey - 2006 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 15 (1-2):109-154.
    Because intelligent agents employ physically embodied cognitive systems to reason about the world, their cognitive abilities are constrained by the laws of physics. Scientists have used digital computers to develop and validate theories of physically embodied cognition. Computational theories of intelligence have advanced our understanding of the nature of intelligence and have yielded practically useful systems exhibiting some degree of intelligence. However, the view of cognition as algorithms running on digital computers rests on implicit assumptions about the physical world that (...)
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  30. Open Parallel Cooperative and Competitive Decision Processes: A Potential Provenance for Quantum Probability Decision Models.Ian G. Fuss & Daniel J. Navarro - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (4):818-843.
    In recent years quantum probability models have been used to explain many aspects of human decision making, and as such quantum models have been considered a viable alternative to Bayesian models based on classical probability. One criticism that is often leveled at both kinds of models is that they lack a clear interpretation in terms of psychological mechanisms. In this paper we discuss the mechanistic underpinnings of a quantum walk model of human decision making and response time. (...)
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  31.  52
    The Elusive Source of Quantum Speedup.Vlatko Vedral - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (8):1141-1154.
    We discuss two qualities of quantum systems: various correlations existing between their subsystems and the distinguishability of different quantum states. This is then applied to analysing quantum information processing. While quantum correlations, or entanglement, are clearly of paramount importance for efficient pure state manipulations, mixed states present a much richer arena and reveal a more subtle interplay between correlations and distinguishability. The current work explores a number of issues related with identifying the important ingredients needed for (...)
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  32. Quantum Hypercomputability?Amit Hagar & Alexandre Korolev - 2006 - Minds and Machines 16 (1):87-93.
    A recent proposal to solve the halting problem with the quantum adiabatic algorithm is criticized and found wanting. Contrary to other physical hypercomputers, where one believes that a physical process “computes” a (recursive-theoretic) non-computable function simply because one believes the physical theory that presumably governs or describes such process, believing the theory (i.e., quantum mechanics) in the case of the quantum adiabatic “hypercomputer” is tantamount to acknowledging that the hypercomputer cannot perform its task.
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  33.  54
    Quantum Gravity on a Quantum Computer?Achim Kempf - 2014 - Foundations of Physics 44 (5):472-482.
    EPR-type measurements on spatially separated entangled spin qubits allow one, in principle, to detect curvature. Also the entanglement of the vacuum state is affected by curvature. Here, we ask if the curvature of spacetime can be expressed entirely in terms of the spatial entanglement structure of the vacuum. This would open up the prospect that quantum gravity could be simulated on a quantum computer and that quantum information techniques could be fully employed in the study of (...) gravity. (shrink)
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  34. Quantum Nonlocality: Not Eliminated by the Heisenberg Picture. [REVIEW]Ruth E. Kastner - 2011 - Foundations of Physics 41 (7):1137-1142.
    It is argued that the Heisenberg picture of standard quantum mechanics does not save Einstein locality as claimed in Deutsch and Hayden (Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A 456, 1759–1774, 2000). In particular, the EPR-type correlations that the authors obtain by comparing two qubits in a local manner are shown to exist before that comparison. In view of this result, the local comparison argument would appear to be ineffective in supporting their locality claim.
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  35.  48
    Philosophy of Quantum Information and Entanglement.Alisa Bokulich & Gregg Jaeger (eds.) - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    "Entanglement can be understood as an extraordinary degree of correlation between states of quantum systems - a correlation that cannot be given an explanation ...
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  36. Incompleteness, Complexity, Randomness and Beyond.Cristian S. Calude - 2002 - Minds and Machines 12 (4):503-517.
    Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems have the same scientific status as Einstein's principle of relativity, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, and Watson and Crick's double helix model of DNA. Our aim is to discuss some new faces of the incompleteness phenomenon unveiled by an information-theoretic approach to randomness and recent developments in quantum computing.
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  37.  65
    An Introduction to Many Worlds in Quantum Computation.Clare Hewitt-Horsman - 2009 - Foundations of Physics 39 (8):869-902.
    The interpretation of quantum mechanics is an area of increasing interest to many working physicists. In particular, interest has come from those involved in quantum computing and information theory, as there has always been a strong foundational element in this field. This paper introduces one interpretation of quantum mechanics, a modern ‘many-worlds’ theory, from the perspective of quantum computation. Reasons for seeking to interpret quantum mechanics are discussed, then the specific ‘neo-Everettian’ theory is introduced (...)
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  38.  98
    Evidence of Macroscopic Quantum Phenomena and Conscious Reality Selection.Cynthia Sue Larson - 2014 - Cosmos and History 10 (1):34-47.
    The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of emergent examples of macroscopic quantum phenomena. While quantum theory asserts that such quantum behaviors as superposition, entanglement, and coherence are possible for all objects, assumptions that quantum processes operate exclusively within the quantum realm have contributed to on-going bias toward presumed primacy of classical physics in the macroscopic realm. Non-trivial quantum macroscopic effects are now recognized in the fields of biology, quantum physics, (...)
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  39.  24
    Theory of Quantum Computation and Philosophy of Mathematics. Part I.Krzysztof Wójtowicz - 2009 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 18 (3-4):313-332.
    The aim of this paper is to present some basic notions of the theory of quantum computing and to compare them with the basic notions of the classical theory of computation. I am convinced, that the results of quantum computation theory (QCT) are not only interesting in themselves, but also should be taken into account in discussions concerning the nature of mathematical knowledge. The philosophical discussion will however be postponed to another paper. QCT seems not to be (...)
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  40. Quantum Theory, Reconsideration of Foundations 4: Växjö (Sweden), 11-16 June, 2007.Guillaume Adenier (ed.) - 2007 - American Institute of Physics.
    This conference was devoted to the 80 years of the Copenhagen Interpretation, and to the question of the relevance of the Copenhagen interpretation for the present understanding of quantum mechanics. It is in this framework that fundamental questions raised by quantum mechanics, especially in information theory, were discussed throughout the conference. As has become customary in our series of conference in Växjö, we were glad to welcome a fruitful assembly of theoretical physicists, experimentalists, mathematicians and even philosophers interested (...)
     
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  41. Quantum Theory: Reconsideration of Foundations-3: Växjö, Sweden, 6-11 June 2005.Guillaume Adenier, A. I͡U Khrennikov & Theo M. Nieuwenhuizen (eds.) - 2006 - American Institute of Physics.
    This Växjö conference was devoted to the reconsideration of quantum foundations. Due to increasing research in quantum information theory, especially on quantum computing and cryptography, many questions regarding the foundations of quantum mechanics, which have long been considered to be exclusively of philosophical interest, nowadays play an important role in theoretical and experimental quantum physics.
     
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  42. Quantum Africa 2010: Theoretical and Experimental Foundations of Recent Quantum Technology, Umhlanga, South Africa, 20-23 September 2010. [REVIEW]Erwin Brüning, Thomas Konrad & F. Petruccione (eds.) - 2012 - American Institute of Physics.
    The conference Quantum Africa 2010 addressed recent advances, both theoretical and experimental, in the rapidly progressing field of quantum technologies. In particular progress in the foundations of quantum cryptography, quantum computing as well as quantum metrology was reported.
     
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  43. Quantum Hypercomputation.Tien D. Kieu - 2002 - Minds and Machines 12 (4):541-561.
    We explore the possibility of using quantum mechanical principles for hypercomputation through the consideration of a quantum algorithm for computing the Turing halting problem. The mathematical noncomputability is compensated by the measurability of the values of quantum observables and of the probability distributions for these values. Some previous no-go claims against quantum hypercomputation are then reviewed in the light of this new positive proposal.
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  44. Beyond Measure: Modern Physics, Philosophy and the Meaning of Quantum Theory.Jim Baggott - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Quantum theory is one the most important and successful theories of modern physical science. It has been estimated that its principles form the basis for about 30 per cent of the world's manufacturing economy. This is all the more remarkable because quantum theory is a theory that nobody understands. The meaning of Quantum Theory introduces science students to the theory's fundamental conceptual and philosophical problems, and the basis of its non-understandability. It does this with the barest minimum (...)
     
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  45.  24
    Quantum Cryptography.Serge Fehr - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (5):494-531.
    Quantum cryptography makes use of the quantum-mechanical behavior of nature for the design and analysis of cryptographic schemes. Optimally (but not always), quantum cryptography allows for the design of cryptographic schemes whose security is guaranteed solely by the laws of nature. This is in sharp contrast to standard cryptographic schemes, which can be broken in principle, i.e., when given sufficient computing power. From a theory point of view, quantum cryptography offers a beautiful interplay between the (...)
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  46. The Quantum Brain: Theory and Implications.August Stern - 1994 - North-Holland/Elsevier.
    While for the majority of physicists the problem of the deciphering of the brain code, the intelligence code, is a matter for future generations, the author boldly and forcefully disagrees. Breaking with the dogma of classical logic he develops in the form of the conversion postulate a concrete working hypothesis for the actual thought mechanism. The reader is invited on a fascinating mathematical journey to the very edges of modern scientific knowledge. From lepton and quark to mind, from cognition to (...)
     
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  47.  65
    Practical Intractability: A Critique of the Hypercomputation Movement. [REVIEW]Aran Nayebi - 2014 - Minds and Machines 24 (3):275-305.
    For over a decade, the hypercomputation movement has produced computational models that in theory solve the algorithmically unsolvable, but they are not physically realizable according to currently accepted physical theories. While opponents to the hypercomputation movement provide arguments against the physical realizability of specific models in order to demonstrate this, these arguments lack the generality to be a satisfactory justification against the construction of any information-processing machine that computes beyond the universal Turing machine. To this end, I present a more (...)
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  48. Ed Fredkin and the Physics of Information - An Inside Story of an Outsider Scientist.Amit Hagar - 2016 - Information and Culture 51 (3):419-443.
    This article tells the story of Ed Fredkin, a pilot, programmer, engineer, hardware designer and entrepreneur, whose work inside and outside academia has influenced major developments in computer science and in the foundations of theoretical physics for the past fifty years.
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  49. The Complexity of Noise: A Philosophical Outlook on Quantum Error Correction.Amit Hagar - 2011 - Morgan & Claypool Publishers.
    In quantum computing, where algorithms exist that can solve computational problems more efficiently than any known classical algorithms, the elimination of errors that result from external disturbances or from imperfect gates has become the ...
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  50. Conference on the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics.Robert G. Flower - unknown
    Enormous and significant progress has been made in the important areas of entanglement, quantum computing and harnessing energy from the vacuum, which includes a sound theoretical basis, using the Einstein-Sachs theories to develop an anti-symmetric general relativity (AGR) approach to a higher topology O(3) electrodynamics. These developments also lead to the application of the Aharonov-Bohm effect and the Yang-Mills theory to the higher topology O(3) electrodynamics, as well as a deeper understanding and appreciation of these effects and their (...)
     
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