About this topic
Summary The 'Copenhagen interpretation' is a label for a loose collection of ideas originating in the work of Werner Heisenberg and Niels Bohr. What exactly amounts to is disputed; but it characteristically denies that quantum mechanics describes an objective microscopic reality, emphasizing instead the essential role of observation and the measurement context.
Key works Heisenberg 1958 and Bohr 1958 are central to the Copenhagen interpretation. Beller 1999 gives a critical history of the interpretation.
Introductions Howard 2004
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185 found
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  1. added 2020-03-26
    Kopenhagen Contra Bohm – Eine Herausforderung Für den Realismus?Stephan Hartmann & Rainer Müller - 1999 - Praxis der Naturwissenschaften - Physik 4:12-17.
    Der bedeutende amerikanische Logiker und Philosoph W.V.O. Quine hat die folgende Frage ins Zentrum seines Schaffens gestellt: "Wie kommen wir von unseren Sinnesdaten zu Theorien über die Welt?“ Bei der Beantwortung dieser Frage tritt ein grundlegendes Problem auf, das damit zusammenhängt, dass uns immer nur ein endlicher Satz an Informationen über die Welt zugänglich ist. Jedes Experiment liefert z. B. nur eine endliche Anzahl von Messpunkten.
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  2. added 2020-02-11
    The Philosophy of Niels Bohr: The Framework of Complementarity. Henry J. Folse.Edward MacKinnon - 1986 - Philosophy of Science 53 (3):458-459.
  3. added 2019-12-26
    Putting Probabilities First. How Hilbert Space Generates and Constrains Them.Michael Janas, Michael Cuffaro & Michel Janssen - manuscript
    We use Bub's (2016) correlation arrays and Pitowksy's (1989b) correlation polytopes to analyze an experimental setup due to Mermin (1981) for measurements on the singlet state of a pair of spin-12 particles. The class of correlations allowed by quantum mechanics in this setup is represented by an elliptope inscribed in a non-signaling cube. The class of correlations allowed by local hidden-variable theories is represented by a tetrahedron inscribed in this elliptope. We extend this analysis to pairs of particles of arbitrary (...)
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  4. added 2019-12-05
    Privileged-Perspective Realism in the Quantum Multiverse.Nora Berenstain - forthcoming - In David Glick, George Darby & Anna Marmodoro (eds.), The Foundation of Reality: Fundamentality, Space, and Time. Oxford University Press.
    Privileged-perspective realism (PPR) is a version of metaphysical realism that takes certain irreducibly perspectival facts to be partly constitutive of reality. PPR asserts that there is a single metaphysically privileged standpoint from which these perspectival facts obtain. This chapter discusses several views that fall under the category of privileged-perspective realism. These include presentism, which is PPR about tensed facts, and non-multiverse interpretations of quantum mechanics, which the chapter argues, constitute PPR about world-indexed facts. Using the framework of the bird perspective (...)
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  5. added 2019-06-06
    The Foundations of Quantum Mechanics in the Philosophy of Nature.Grete Hermann & Dirk Lumma - 1999 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 7 (1):35-44.
    The following article by Grete Hermann arguably occupies an important place in the history of the philosophical interpretation of of quantum mechanics. The purpose of Hermann's writing on natural philosophy is to examine the revision of the law of causality which quantum mechanics seems to require at a fundamental level of theoretical description in physics. It is Hermann's declared intention to show that quantum mechanics does not disprove the concept of causality, "yet has clarified [it] and has removed from it (...)
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  6. added 2019-06-06
    Review of Quantum Mechanics: Historical Contingency and the Copenhagen Hegemony by James T. Cushing. [REVIEW]Andrew Wayne - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (3):478-480.
  7. added 2019-06-06
    More Roots Of Complementarity: Kantian Aspects and Influences.David Kaiser - 1991 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 23 (2):213-239.
  8. added 2019-06-06
    The Birth of Bohr's Complementarity: The Context and the Dialogues.Mara Beller - 1991 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 23 (1):147-180.
  9. added 2019-06-06
    The Transcendental Philosophy of Niels Bohr.John Honner - 1982 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 13 (1):1.
  10. added 2019-06-06
    Kantian Aspects of Complementarity.Henry J. Folse - 1978 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 69 (1):58.
  11. added 2019-06-06
    The Copenhagen Interpretation of Quantum Theory and Whitehead’s Philosophy of Organism.Henry J. Folse Jr - 1974 - Tulane Studies in Philosophy 23:32-47.
  12. added 2019-06-06
    On the Notions of Causality and Complementarity.Niels Bohr - 1948 - Dialectica 2 (3-4):312-319.
    SummaryA short exposition is given of the foundation of the causal description in classical physics and the failure of the principle of causality in coping with atomic phenomena. It is emphasized that the individuality of the quantum processes excludes a separation between a behaviour of the atomic objects and their interaction with the measuring instruments denning the conditions under which the phenomena appear. This circumstance forces us to recognize a novel relationship, conveniently termed complementarity, between empirical evidence obtained under different (...)
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  13. added 2019-06-05
    The Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics. Michael Audi.Andrew Lugg - 1976 - Philosophy of Science 43 (3):449-452.
  14. added 2019-01-30
    Simon Friederich: Interpreting Quantum Theory: A Therapeutic Approach: Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2015, Xiii + 202 Pp. [REVIEW]Florian Boge - 2017 - Erkenntnis 82 (2):443-449.
    Simon Friederich’s Therapeutic Approach to quantum theory (QT) sheds new light on the status of the quantum state. In particular, Friederich presents revisionary ideas on how to exactly differentiate objective from subjective elements of the theory and thereby improves upon previous stabs at an epistemic interpretation of quantum states. The book not only provides interesting perspectives for the cognoscenti but is also written with sufficient care and free of unnecessary technicalities so as to be accessible and worth reading for the (...)
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  15. added 2018-07-12
    Teleportative Observers Versus Special Relativity Observers: The Logical Universal Chronology and Presentism.James Goetz - manuscript
    Various authors use the Rietdijk–Putnam argument while proposing that special relativity implies eternalism. For example, special relativity observers are limited by the relativity of simultaneity and cannot detect a preferred universal chronology. Any pair of special relativity observers that are causally disconnected to each other will detect ubiquitous relativistic reversals of chronology. The argument concludes that the reversals of chronology imply that all events in the past, present, and future exist "now." However, I introduce "teleportative observers" which cohere with wormhole (...)
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  16. added 2018-06-19
    Quantum Mechanics Between Ontology and Epistemology.Florian J. Boge - 2018 - Springer (European Studies in Philosophy of Science).
    This book explores the prospects of rivaling ontological and epistemic interpretations of quantum mechanics (QM). It concludes with a suggestion for how to interpret QM from an epistemological point of view and with a Kantian touch. It thus refines, extends, and combines existing approaches in a similar direction. -/- The author first looks at current, hotly debated ontological interpretations. These include hidden variables-approaches, Bohmian mechanics, collapse interpretations, and the many worlds interpretation. He demonstrates why none of these ontological interpretations can (...)
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  17. added 2018-05-30
    A Study of Time in Modern Physics.Peter W. Evans - 2011 - Dissertation,
    This thesis is a study of the notion of time in modern physics, consisting of two parts. Part I takes seriously the doctrine that modern physics should be treated as the primary guide to the nature of time. To this end, it offers an analysis of the various conceptions of time that emerge in the context of various physical theories and, furthermore, an analysis of the relation between these conceptions of time and the more orthodox philosophical views on the nature (...)
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  18. added 2018-05-29
    Could Inelastic Interactions Induce Quantum Probabilistic Transitions?Nicholas Maxwell - 2017 - In Shan Gao (ed.), Collapse of the Wave Function. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 257-273.
    What are quantum entities? Is the quantum domain deterministic or probabilistic? Orthodox quantum theory (OQT) fails to answer these two fundamental questions. As a result of failing to answer the first question, OQT is very seriously defective: it is imprecise, ambiguous, ad hoc, non-explanatory, inapplicable to the early universe, inapplicable to the cosmos as a whole, and such that it is inherently incapable of being unified with general relativity. It is argued that probabilism provides a very natural solution to the (...)
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  19. added 2018-03-05
    Kantian and Neo-Kantian First Principles for Physical and Metaphysical Cognition.Michael E. Cuffaro - manuscript
    I argue that Immanuel Kant's critical philosophy—in particular the doctrine of transcendental idealism which grounds it—is best understood as an `epistemic' or `metaphilosophical' doctrine. As such it aims to show how one may engage in the natural sciences and in metaphysics under the restriction that certain conditions are imposed on our cognition of objects. Underlying Kant's doctrine, however, is an ontological posit, of a sort, regarding the fundamental nature of our cognition. This posit, sometimes called the `discursivity thesis', while considered (...)
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  20. added 2018-02-19
    Revised Proof of the Uniqueness Theorem for ‘No Collapse’ Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics.Jeffrey Bub, Rob Clifton & Sheldon Goldstein - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 31 (1):95-98.
    We show that the Bub-Clifton uniqueness theorem (1996) for 'no collapse' interpretations of quantum mechanics can be proved without the 'weak separability' assumption.
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  21. added 2018-02-19
    A Uniqueness Theorem for ‘No Collapse’ Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics.Jeffrey Bub & Rob Clifton - 1996 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 27 (2):181-219.
    We prove a uniqueness theorem showing that, subject to certain natural constraints, all 'no collapse' interpretations of quantum mechanics can be uniquely characterized and reduced to the choice of a particular preferred observable as determine (definite, sharp). We show how certain versions of the modal interpretation, Bohm's 'causal' interpretation, Bohr's complementarity interpretation, and the orthodox (Dirac-von Neumann) interpretation without the projection postulate can be recovered from the theorem. Bohr's complementarity and Einstein's realism appear as two quite different proposals for selecting (...)
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  22. added 2018-02-17
    Emergence of Complementarity and the Baconian Roots of Niels Bohr's Method.Slobodan Perovic - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (3):162-173.
    I argue that instead of a rather narrow focus on N. Bohr's account of complementarity as a particular and perhaps obscure metaphysical or epistemological concept (or as being motivated by such a concept), we should consider it to result from pursuing a particular method of studying physical phenomena. More precisely, I identify a strong undercurrent of Baconian method of induction in Bohr's work that likely emerged during his experimental training and practice. When its development is analyzed in light of Baconian (...)
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  23. added 2018-02-17
    Van Frasssen, Everett, and the Critique of the Copenhagem View of Measurement.Stefano Osnaghi - 2008 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 12 (2):155-176.
    Bas van Fraassen advocates a “Copenhagen variant” of the modal interpretation of quantum mechanics. However, he believes that the Copenhagen approach to measurement is not fully satisfactory, since it seems to rule out the possibility of providing a physical account of the observation process. This was also what John Wheeler had in mind when, in the mid-1950’s, he sponsored the “relative state” formulation proposed by his student Hugh Everett. Wheeler, who considered himself an orthodox Bohrian, tried to convince Bohr to (...)
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  24. added 2017-12-18
    Grete Hermann - Between Physics and Philosophy.Elise Crull & Guido Bacciagaluppi (eds.) - 2016 - Springer.
  25. added 2017-09-26
    The Quantum Epoché.Paavo Pylkkänen - 2015 - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 119:332-340.
    The theme of phenomenology and quantum physics is here tackled by examining some basic interpretational issues in quantum physics. One key issue in quantum theory from the very beginning has been whether it is possible to provide a quantum ontology of particles in motion in the same way as in classical physics, or whether we are restricted to stay within a more limited view of quantum systems, in terms of complementary but mutually exclusive phenomena. In phenomenological terms we could describe (...)
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  26. added 2017-09-11
    Philosophical Problems of Quantum Ontology.Graeme Donald Robertson - 1976 - Dissertation, Cambridge
    What is a physical object according to the theory of quantum mechanics? The first answer to be considered is that given by Bohr in terms of the concept of complementarity. This interpretation is illustrated by way of an example, the two slit experiment, which highlights some of the associated problems of ontology. One such problem is the so-called problem of measurement or observation. Various interpretations of measurement in Quantum Theory, including those of Heisenberg, von Neumann, Everett and Bohr, are compared (...)
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  27. added 2017-07-15
    Niels Bohr’s Views Concerning Language.David Favrholdt - 1993 - Semiotica 94 (1-2):5-34.
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  28. added 2017-04-13
    Niels Bohr and the Philosophy of Physics: Twenty-First Century Perspectives.Jan Faye & Henry Folse (eds.) - 2017 - Bloomsbury.
    Niels Bohr and Philosophy of Physics: Twenty-First Century Perspectives examines the work, influences and legacy of the Nobel Prize physicist and philosopher of experiment Niels Bohr. While covering Bohr's groundbreaking contribution to quantum mechanics, this collection reveals the philosophers who influenced his work. Linking him to the pragmatist C.I. Lewis and the Danish philosopher Harald Høffding, it draws strong similarities between Bohr's philosophy and the Kantian way of thinking. Addressing the importance of Bohr's views of classical concepts, it discusses how (...)
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  29. added 2017-02-28
    Sustainability Assessment and Complementarity.Hugo F. Alrøe & Egon Noe - 2016 - Ecology and Society 21 (1):30.
    Sustainability assessments bring together different perspectives that pertain to sustainability in order to produce overall assessments and a wealth of approaches and tools have been developed in the past decades. But two major problematics remain. The problem of integration concerns the surplus of possibilities for integration; different tools produce different assessments. The problem of implementation concerns the barrier between assessment and transformation; assessments do not lead to the expected changes in practice. This paper aims to analyze issues of complementarity in (...)
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  30. added 2017-02-14
    Naturalizing the Copenhagen Interpretation.G. Szamosi - 1993 - Dialectica 47 (4):305-325.
    SummaryThe problem of quantum measurement is considered in the framework of a naturalized and evolutionary epistemology. Consider two simple textbook observations: a) quantum measurement is an information processing method invented for the purpose of exploring domains of the external world which are not accessible otherwise b) quantum measurement interprets signals from the external world with the help of a computing algorithm invented specifically for this purpose. Replace the words “quantum measurement” and “invented” in a) and b) by “vision” and “evolved (...)
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  31. added 2017-02-12
    Quantum Mechanics: Historical Contingency and the Copenhagen Hegemony.David Maccallum - 1996 - Philosophical Books 37 (4):280-282.
  32. added 2017-02-11
    Mysteries Without Mysticism and Correlations Without Correlata: On Quantum Knowledge and Knowledge in General. [REVIEW]Arkady Plotnitsky - 2003 - Foundations of Physics 33 (11):1649-1689.
    Following Niels Bohr's interpretation of quantum mechanics as complementarity, this article argues that quantum mechanics may be seen as a theory of, in N. David Mermin's words, “correlations without correlata,” understood here as the correlations between certain physical events in the classical macro world that at the same time disallow us to ascertain their quantum-level correlata.
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  33. added 2017-02-02
    Reading Bohr: Physics and Philosophy.Arkady Plotnitsky - 2006 - Springer.
    Reading Bohr: Physics and Philosophy offers a new perspective on Niels Bohr's interpretation of quantum mechanics as complementarity, and on the relationships between physics and philosophy in Bohr's work, which has had momentous significance for our understanding of quantum theory and of the nature of knowledge in general. Philosophically, the book reassesses Bohr's place in the Western philosophical tradition, from Kant and Hegel on. Physically, it reconsiders the main issues at stake in the Bohr-Einstein confrontation and in the ongoing debates (...)
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  34. added 2017-02-02
    Complementarity and Scientific Rationality.Simon Saunders - 2004 - Foundations of Physics 35 (3):417-447.
    Bohr’s interpretation of quantum mechanics has been criticized as incoherent and opportunistic, and based on doubtful philosophical premises. If so Bohr’s influence, in the pre-war period of 1927–1939, is the harder to explain, and the acceptance of his approach to quantum mechanics over de Broglie’s had no reasonable foundation. But Bohr’s interpretation changed little from the time of its first appearance, and stood independent of any philosophical presuppositions. The principle of complementarity is itself best read as a conjecture of unusually (...)
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  35. added 2017-02-01
    Meta Physicists (a Review of “Faust in Copenhagen” by Gino Segre).George Johnson - manuscript
    New York Times Book Review, June 24, 2007.
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  36. added 2017-01-27
    James T. Cushing, Quantum Mechanics: Historical Contingency and the Copenhagen Hegemony. [REVIEW]Laurence Gould - 1997 - Reason Papers 22:178-181.
  37. added 2017-01-27
    Latency Versus Complementarity: Margenau and Bohr on Quantum Mechanics.Harmon R. Holcomb - 1986 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (2):193-206.
  38. added 2017-01-25
    A Transcendental Account of Correspondance and Complementarity.Hern’an Pringe - 2009 - In Michel Bitbol, Pierre Kerszberg & Jean Petitot (eds.), Constituting Objectivity. Springer. pp. 317--327.
  39. added 2017-01-25
    Einstein, Bohr and the Quantum Dilemma.Andrew Whitaker - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
  40. added 2017-01-23
    Atoms, Metaphors, and Paradoxes: Niels Bohr and the Construction of a New Physics.Sandro Petruccioli - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book reexamines the birth of quantum mechanics, in particular examining the development of crucial and original insights of Bohr. In particular, it gives a detailed study of the development and the interpretation given to Bohr's Principle of Correspondence. It also describes the role that this principle played in guiding Bohr's research over the critical period from 1920 to 1927.
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  41. added 2017-01-20
    The Description of Nature: Niels Bohr and the Philosophy of Quantum Physics.John Honner - 1987 - Oxford University Press.
    Niels Bohr, founding father of modern atomic physics and quantum theory, was as original a philosopher as he was a physicist. This study explores several dimensions of Bohr's vision: the formulation of quantum theory and the problems associated with its interpretation, the notions of complementarity and correspondence, the debates with Einstein about objectivity and realism, and his sense of the infinite harmony of nature. Honner focuses on Bohr's epistemological lesson, the conviction that all our description of nature is dependent on (...)
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  42. added 2017-01-20
    The Philosophy of Niels Bohr: The Framework of Complementarity.HENRY J. FOLSE - 1985 - Elsevier.
  43. added 2017-01-20
    The Intelligent Atom.Donald H. Canton - 1973 - New York: Upton-Ellis Books.
  44. added 2017-01-15
    Complementarity of Representations in Quantum Mechanics.Hans Halvorson - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 35 (1):45-56.
    We show that Bohr's principle of complementarity between position and momentum descriptions can be formulated rigorously as a claim about the existence of representations of the CCRs. In particular, in any representation where the position operator has eigenstates, there is no momentum operator, and vice versa. Equivalently, if there are nonzero projections corresponding to sharp position values, all spectral projections of the momentum operator map onto the zero element.
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  45. added 2017-01-15
    Analogues of Quantum Complementarity in the Theory of Automata.K. Svozil - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 29 (1):61-80.
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  46. added 2016-12-21
    Grete Henry-Hermann: Philosophie – Mathematik – Quantenmechanik : Texte Zur Naturphilosophie Und Erkenntnistheorie, Mathematisch-Physikalische Beiträge Sowie Ausgewählte Korrespondenz Aus den Jahren 1925 Bis 1982.Herrmann Kay (ed.) - 2019 - Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.
    Die vorliegende Veröffentlichung stellt eine Würdigung der Naturphilosophie und Erkenntnistheorie der Philosophin Grete Henry-Hermann dar. Die Schülerin der Mathematikerin Emmy Noether und des Philosophen Leonard Nelson gehört zu den frühen Interpret(inn)en der Quantenmechanik. Werner Heisenberg setzte ihr in seinem Buch „Der Teil und das Ganze“ ein Denkmal. Erstmals sind in einem Band ihre naturphilosophischen und erkenntnistheoretischen Schriften zusammengefasst. Eine umfangreiche Einleitung verschiedener Autoren führt in das Werk von Grete Henry-Hermann ein. Ergänzt wird diese Ausgabe durch Auszüge aus der Korrespondenz über (...)
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  47. added 2016-12-08
    Science as Representation: Flouting the Criteria.Bas van Fraassen - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):794-804.
    Criteria of adequacy for scientific representation of the phenomena pertain to accuracy and truth. But that representation is selective and may require distortion even in the selected parameters; this point is intimately connected with the fact that representation is intentional, and its adequacy relative to its particular purpose. Since observation and measurement are perspectival and the appearances to be saved are perspectival measurement outcomes, the question whether this “saving” is an explanatory relation provides a new focus for the realist/antirealist debate. (...)
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  48. added 2016-12-08
    New Developments on Fundamental Problems in Quantum Physics, Oviedo, Julio de 1996.Pin Víctor Gómez - 1997 - Theoria 12 (1):203-204.
  49. added 2016-11-22
    Self-Reference, Phenomenology, and Philosophy of Science.Steven James Bartlett - 1980 - Methodology and Science: Interdisciplinary Journal for the Empirical Study of the Foundations of Science and Their Methodology 13 (3):143-167.
    The paper begins by acknowledging that weakened systematic precision in phenomenology has made its application in philosophy of science obscure and ineffective. The defining aspirations of early transcendental phenomenology are, however, believed to be important ones. A path is therefore explored that attempts to show how certain recent developments in the logic of self-reference fulfill in a clear and more rigorous fashion in the context of philosophy of science certain of the early hopes of phenomenologists. The resulting dual approach is (...)
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  50. added 2016-09-07
    Why Were Matrix Mechanics and Wave Mechanics Considered Equivalent?Slobodan Perovic - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 39 (2):444-461.
    A recent rethinking of the early history of Quantum Mechanics deemed the late 1920s agreement on the equivalence of Matrix Mechanics and Wave Mechanics, prompted by Schrödinger's 1926 proof, a myth. Schrödinger supposedly failed to prove isomorphism, or even a weaker equivalence (“Schrödinger-equivalence”) of the mathematical structures of the two theories; developments in the early 1930s, especially the work of mathematician von Neumann provided sound proof of mathematical equivalence. The alleged agreement about the Copenhagen Interpretation, predicated to a large extent (...)
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