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David Leopold [17]David A. Leopold [13]
  1.  67
    David A. Leopold & Nikos K. Logothetis (1996). Activity Changes in Early Visual Cortex Reflect Monkeys' Percepts During Binocular Rivalry. Nature 379 (6565):549-553.
  2. David A. Leopold & Nikos K. Logothetis (1999). Multistable Phenomena: Changing Views in Perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (7):254-264.
    Traditional explanations of multistable visual phenomena (e.g. ambiguous figures, perceptual rivalry) suggest that the basis for spontaneous reversals in perception lies in antagonistic connectivity within the visual system. In this review, we suggest an alternative, albeit speculative, explanation for visual multistability – that spontaneous alternations reflect responses to active, programmed events initiated by brain areas that integrate sensory and non-sensory information to coordinate a diversity of behaviors. Much evidence suggests that perceptual reversals are themselves more closely related to the expression (...)
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  3. David A. Leopold, Melanie Wilke, Alexander Maier & Nikos K. Logothetis (2002). Stable Perception of Visually Ambiguous Patterns. Nature Neuroscience 5 (6):605-609.
    Correspondence should be addressed to David A. Leopold david.leopold@tuebingen.mpg.deDuring the viewing of certain patterns, widely known as ambiguous or puzzle figures, perception lapses into a sequence of spontaneous alternations, switching every few seconds between two or more visual interpretations of the stimulus. Although their nature and origin remain topics of debate, these stochastic switches are generally thought to be the automatic and inevitable consequence of viewing a pattern without a unique solution. We report here that in humans such perceptual alternations (...)
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  4.  61
    Nikos K. Logothetis, David A. Leopold & D. L. Sheinberg (1996). What is Rivalling During Binocular Rivalry? Nature 30 (6575):621-624.
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  5.  7
    Holly Bridge, David A. Leopold & James A. Bourne (2016). Adaptive Pulvinar Circuitry Supports Visual Cognition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (2):146-157.
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  6.  9
    David Leopold (2016). On Marxian Utopophobia. Journal of the History of Philosophy 54 (1):111-134.
    “utopophobia” is a diverse and long-established phenomenon. Recent discussion of the notion of “realism” in political philosophy has illuminated one form that the fear of utopia can take—namely, suspicion and disapproval of normative standards that are unlikely ever to be achieved—but has not exhausted all that is of interest here.1 The present paper is concerned with a different variety of utopophobia: namely, the historically influential but not well-understood hostility of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels toward the provision of plans and (...)
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  7.  2
    Gillian Rhodes & David A. Leopold (2011). Adaptive Norm-Based Coding of Face Identity. In Andy Calder, Gillian Rhodes, Mark Johnson & Jim Haxby (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Face Perception. OUP Oxford 263--286.
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  8.  27
    David Leopold (2007). The Young Karl Marx: German Philosophy, Modern Politics, and Human Flourishing. Cambridge University Press.
    The Young Karl Marx is an innovative and important new study of Marx’s early writings. These writings provide the fascinating spectacle of a powerful and imaginative intellect wrestling with complex and significant issues, but they also present formidable interpretative obstacles to modern readers. David Leopold shows how an understanding of their intellectual and cultural context can illuminate the political dimension of these works. An erudite yet accessible discussion of Marx’s influences and targets frames the author’s critical engagement with Marx’s account (...)
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  9.  25
    David A. Leopold, Alexander Maier & Nikos K. Logothetis (2003). Measuring Subjective Visual Perception in the Nonhuman Primate. Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (9-10):115-130.
    Understanding how activity in the brain leads to a subjective percept is of great interest to philosophers and neuroscientists alike. In the last years, neurophysiological experiments have approached this problem directly by measuring neural signals in animals as they experience well-defined visual percepts. Stimuli in these studies are often inherently ambiguous, and thus rely upon the subjective report, generally from trained monkeys, to provide a measure of perception. By correlating activity levels in the brain to this report, one can speculate (...)
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  10.  19
    Alexander Maier, Melanie Wilke, Nikos K. Logothetis & David A. Leopold (2003). Perception of Temporally Interleaved Ambiguous Patterns. Current Biology.
    Background: Continuous viewing of ambiguous patterns is characterized by wavering perception that alternates between two or more equally valid visual solutions. However, when such patterns are viewed intermittently, either by repetitive presentation or by periodic closing of the eyes, perception can become locked or "frozen" in one configuration for several minutes at a time. One aspect of this stabilization is the possible existence of a perceptual memory that persists during periods in which the ambiguous stimulus is absent. Here, we use (...)
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  11.  41
    David A. Leopold (2003). Visual Perception: Shaping What We See. Current Biology 13 (1).
  12.  13
    David Leopold (2005). The Structure of Marx and Engels' Considered Account of Utopian Socialism. History of Political Thought 26 (3):443-466.
    Marx and Engels are frequently portrayed as holding an unremittingly hostile view of utopian socialism. This negative reading is undermined by the approving comments on the same subject also found in their writings. However, it does not follow that Marx and Engels disparage and laud utopian socialism in an ambiguous or inconsistent manner. There is an underlying structure to their views which renders their considered account of utopian socialism consistent. Two distinctions provide that structure: a chronological distinction (between the first (...)
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  13.  9
    David Leopold (2013). Marxism and Ideology: From Marx to Althusser. In Michael Freeden, Lyman Tower Sargent & Marc Stears (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies. OUP Oxford 20.
  14.  21
    David A. Leopold (2003). Motion Perception: Read My LIP. Nature Neuroscience 6 (6):548-549.
  15.  6
    David Leopold (2012). "Socialist Turnips": The Young Friedrich Engels and the Feasibility of Communism. Political Theory 40 (3):347 - 378.
    This article examines Friedrich Engels's little noticed communitarian sympathies, especially as expressed in his 1844 article 'kommunistischen Ansiedlungen'. These sympathies are in conflict with the considered and more critical view of communitarian socialism that he subsequently came to share with Karl Marx. I have four ambitions in the article: first, to provide some characterisation of this 'communitarian moment' in Engels's early intellectual evolution; second, to raise a number of worries about the argument of this particular article; third, to illuminate some (...)
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  16.  4
    David Leopold (2003). A Left-Hegelian Anarchism. The European Legacy 8 (6):777-786.
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  17.  4
    David A. Leopold & Igor Bondar (2005). Adaptation to Complex Visual Patterns in Humans and Monkeys. In Colin W. G. Clifford & Gillian Rhodes (eds.), Fitting the Mind to the World: Adaptation and After-Effects in High-Level Vision. OUP Oxford 189--211.
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  18.  3
    Nikos K. Logothetis & David A. Leopold (1998). Single-Neuron Activity and Visual Perception. In Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness II. MIT Press 2--309.
  19.  2
    David Leopold (1999). The Hegelian Antisemitism of Bruno Bauer. History of European Ideas 25 (4):179-206.
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  20.  4
    David Leopold, Max Stirner. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  21. David Leopold (2012). A Cautious Embrace: Reflections on (Left) Liberalism and Utopia. In Ben Jackson & Marc Stears (eds.), Liberalism as Ideology: Essays in Honour of Michael Freeden. OUP Oxford 9--33.
     
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  22. David Leopold (2011). A Solitary Life. In Saul Newman (ed.), Max Stirner. Palgrave Macmillan 21-42.
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  23.  36
    David A. Leopold (1997). Brain Mechanisms of Visual Awareness: Using Perceptual Ambiguity to Investigate the Neural Basis of Image Segmentation and Grouping. Dissertation, Baylor College of Medicine
  24. David Leopold & Michael Quante (2007). B. Referate uber fremdsprachige Neuerscheinungen-The Young Karl Marx. Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 60 (3):249.
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  25. David Leopold (2008). Dialectical Approaches. In David Leopold & Marc Stears (eds.), Political Theory: Methods and Approaches. Oxford University Press
  26. David Leopold (2004). Hegelianism, Politics, and Human Nature the Young Marx and the Modern State, 1843-1845.
     
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  27. David Leopold & Marc Stears (2008). Introduction. In David Leopold & Marc Stears (eds.), Political Theory: Methods and Approaches. Oxford University Press
  28.  66
    David Leopold & Marc Stears (eds.) (2008). Political Theory: Methods and Approaches. Oxford University Press.
    Both individually and as a collection, these essays will promote understanding and provoke further debate amongst students and established scholars alike.
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  29. David Leopold (2006). The State and I': Max Stirner's Anarchism. In Douglas Moggach (ed.), The New Hegelians: Politics and Philosophy in the Hegelian School. Cambridge University Press
  30. Gill Rhodes & David Leopold (2011). Adaptive Norm-Based Coding of Face Identity. In Andy Calder, Gillian Rhodes, Mark Johnson & Jim Haxby (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Face Perception. OUP Oxford
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