Search results for 'English language Semantics' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Chris Sinha, Lis A. Thorseng, Mariko Hayashi & Kim Plunkett (1994). Comparative Spatial Semantics and Language Acquisition: Evidence From Danish, English, and Japanese. Journal of Semantics 11 (4):253-287.score: 495.0
    Spatial relational meaning is typically predominantly expressed in English and related languages by die locative particle system. Even between closely related languages such as Danish and English, there are substantial differences with respect to both the semantics and the morphology of locative particles. Other languages (including Japanese), although they may use locative particles in spatial relational expression, distribute spatial relational meaning quite differendy between and within form classes. We investigate the consequences of these differences for the acquisition (...)
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  2. Gustaf Stern (1975). Meaning and Change of Meaning: With Special Reference to the English Language. Greenwood Press.score: 390.0
     
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  3. Grzegorz Kleparski (1997). Theory and Practice of Historical Semantics: The Case of Middle English and Early Modern English Synonyms of Girl/Young Women. University Press of the Catholic University of Lublin.score: 360.0
     
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  4. Beata Kopecka, Marta Pikor-Niedziałek, Agnieszka Uberman & Grzegorz Kleparski (eds.) (2012). Galicia Studies in Language: Historical Semantics Brought to the Fore. Wydawn. Tawa.score: 360.0
     
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  5. Torben Thrane (1980). Referential-Semantic Analysis: Aspects of a Theory of Linguistic Reference. Cambridge University Press.score: 282.0
    Dr Thrane makes an original contribution to one of the central topics in syntax and semantics: the nature and mechanisms of reference in natural language. He makes a fundamental distinction between syntactic analyses that are internal to the structure of a language and analyses of the referential properties that connect a language with the 'outside world' - and therefore derive in some sense from common human capacities for perceptual discrimination. Dr Thrane argues that the failure to (...)
     
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  6. Maria Cristobal (2001). Arriving Events in English and Spanish : A Contrastive Analysis in Terms of Frame Semantics. Analysis 510:1-77.score: 261.0
    This paper presents a detailed contrastive frame semantic analysis of arriving events in English and Spanish, attested through a corpus study. The framework and methodology of our research follows the FrameNet II Research Project housed at ICSI. First, we present a formal description of the Arriving frame as a subframe of the Motion frame: arriving encodes a basic subpart of our conceptualization of motion, namely the transition from moving to arriving at a goal. Second, we carry out a cross-linguistic (...)
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  7. Douglas J. Wulf (2009). Two New Challenges for the Modal Account of the Progressive. Natural Language Semantics 17 (3):205-218.score: 252.0
    The progressive in English appears to be inherently modal, due to what Dowty (Word meaning and Montague grammar: The semantics of verbs and times in generative semantics and in Montague’s PTQ, 1979) terms the imperfective paradox. In truth-conditional accounts, the literal truth of a clause with the modal progressive hinges on the possibility of the described outcome. The clause’s truth under such accounts has also been tacitly assumed to describe its felicitous use. Two challenges for this strategy (...)
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  8. Lisa Matthewson (2006). Temporal Semantics in a Superficially Tenseless Language. Linguistics and Philosophy 29 (6):673 - 713.score: 237.0
    This paper contributes to the debate about ‘tenseless languages’ by defending a tensed analysis of a superficially tenseless language. The language investigated is St’át’imcets (Lillooet Salish). I argue that although St’át’imcets lacks overt tense morphology, every finite clause in the language possesses a phonologically covert tense morpheme; this tense morpheme restricts the reference time to being non-future. Future interpretations, as well as ‘past future’ would-readings, are obtained by the combination of covert tense with an operator analogous to (...)
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  9. Noah Constant (2012). English Rise-Fall-Rise: A Study in the Semantics and Pragmatics of Intonation. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 35 (5):407-442.score: 231.0
    This paper provides a semantic analysis of English rise-fall-rise (RFR) intonation as a focus quantifier over assertable alternative propositions. I locate RFR meaning in the conventional implicature dimension, and propose that its effect is calculated late within a dynamic model. With a minimum of machinery, this account captures disambiguation and scalar effects, as well as interactions with other focus operators like ‘only’ and clefts. Double focus data further support the analysis, and lead to a rejection of Ward and Hirschberg’s (...)
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  10. Kathryn Allan & Justyna A. Robinson (eds.) (2011). Current Methods in Historical Semantics. De Gruyter Mouton.score: 225.0
     
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  11. Marcin Grygiel (2007). Main Trends in Historical Semantics. Wydawn. Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego.score: 225.0
     
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  12. Waldemar Skrzypczak (2006). Analog-Based Modelling of Meaning Representations in English. Nicolaus Copernicus University Press.score: 225.0
     
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  13. Luqi Wu & Michael McMahon (forthcoming). Adopting a Musical Intelligence and E-Learning Approach to Improve the English Language Pronunciation of Chinese Students. AI and Society:1-10.score: 224.0
    This study investigates the use of musical intelligence to improve the English pronunciation of Chinese third level students. It is relevant for a human-centred systems engineering approach to cross-cultural interaction. Language learning is important as valid communication can help interactions and cultural understanding between countries, this also may benefit international stability. There are natural barriers between the English and Chinese language which are reflected in teaching approaches. The teaching of English in Chinese classrooms is removed (...)
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  14. Leila Behrens (1999). Qualities, Objects, Sorts, and Other Treasures: Gold-Digging in English and Arabic. Kölnuniversität Zu Köln, Institut für Sprachwissenschaft.score: 219.0
  15. Bożena Rozwadowska (1992). Thematic Constraints on Selected Constructions in English and Polish. Wydawn. Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego.score: 219.0
     
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  16. Chris Fox & Shalom Lappin (2004). An Expressive First-Order Logic with Flexible Typing for Natural Language Semantics. Logic Journal of the Interest Group in Pure and Applied Logics 12 (2):135--168.score: 216.0
    We present Property Theory with Curry Typing (PTCT), an intensional first-order logic for natural language semantics. PTCT permits fine-grained specifications of meaning. It also supports polymorphic types and separation types. We develop an intensional number theory within PTCT in order to represent proportional generalized quantifiers like “most.” We use the type system and our treatment of generalized quantifiers in natural language to construct a type-theoretic approach to pronominal anaphora that avoids some of the difficulties that undermine previous (...)
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  17. Miklós Erdélyi-Szabó, László Kálmán & Agi Kurucz (2008). Towards a Natural Language Semantics Without Functors and Operands. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 17 (1):1-17.score: 214.0
    The paper sets out to offer an alternative to the function/argument approach to the most essential aspects of natural language meanings. That is, we question the assumption that semantic completeness (of, e.g., propositions) or incompleteness (of, e.g., predicates) exactly replicate the corresponding grammatical concepts (of, e.g., sentences and verbs, respectively). We argue that even if one gives up this assumption, it is still possible to keep the compositionality of the semantic interpretation of simple predicate/argument structures. In our opinion, compositionality (...)
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  18. Ian Pratt-Hartmann (2004). Fragments of Language. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 13 (2):207-223.score: 207.0
    By a fragment of a natural language we mean a subset of thatlanguage equipped with semantics which translate its sentences intosome formal system such as first-order logic. The familiar conceptsof satisfiability and entailment can be defined for anysuch fragment in a natural way. The question therefore arises, for anygiven fragment of a natural language, as to the computational complexityof determining satisfiability and entailment within that fragment. Wepresent a series of fragments of English for which the satisfiabilityproblem (...)
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  19. Robin Cooper, Is English Really a Formal Language?score: 198.0
    • languages as sets of strings and early transformational grammar • interpreted languages as sets of string-meaning pairs • Montague in ‘Universal Grammar’: There is in my opinion no important theoretical difference between natural languages and the artificial languages of logicians; indeed I consider it possible to comprehend the syntax and semantics of both kinds of languages within a single natural and mathematically precise theory.
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  20. Geoffrey K. Pullum & Kyle Rawlins (2007). Argument or No Argument? Linguistics and Philosophy 30 (2):277 - 287.score: 198.0
    We examine an argument for the non-context-freeness of English that has received virtually no discussion in the literature. It is based on adjuncts of the form ‘X or no X’, where X is a nominal. The construction has been held to exemplify unbounded syntactic reduplication. We argue that although the argument can be made in a mathematically valid form, its empirical basis is not claimed unbounded syntactic identity between nominals does not always hold in attested cases, and second, an (...)
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  21. Stephen Crain, At the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface in Child Language.score: 198.0
    This paper investigates scalar implicatures and downward entailment in child English. In previous experimental work we have shown that adults’ computation of scalar implicatures is sensitive to entailment relations. For instance, when the disjunction operator or occurs in positive contexts, an implicature of exclusivity arises. By contrast when the disjunction operator occurs within the scope of a downward entailing linguistic expression, no implicature of exclusivity is computed. Investigations on children’s computation of scalar implicatures in the same contexts have led (...)
     
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  22. Soonja Choi & Kate Hattrup (2012). Relative Contribution of Perception/Cognition and Language on Spatial Categorization. Cognitive Science 36 (1):102-129.score: 198.0
    This study investigated the relative contribution of perception/cognition and language-specific semantics in nonverbal categorization of spatial relations. English and Korean speakers completed a video-based similarity judgment task involving containment, support, tight fit, and loose fit. Both perception/cognition and language served as resources for categorization, and allocation between the two depended on the target relation and the features contrasted in the choices. Whereas perceptual/cognitive salience for containment and tight-fit features guided categorization in many contexts, language-specific (...) influenced categorization where the two features competed for similarity judgment and when the target relation was tight support, a domain where spatial relations are perceptually diverse. In the latter contexts, each group categorized more in line with semantics of their language, that is, containment/support for English and tight/loose fit for Korean. We conclude that language guides spatial categorization when perception/cognition alone is not sufficient. In this way, language is an integral part of our cognitive domain of space. (shrink)
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  23. Luisa Meronia, At the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface in Child Language.score: 198.0
    This paper investigates scalar implicatures and downward entailment in child English. In previous experimental work we have shown that adults’ computation of scalar implicatures is sensitive to entailment relations. For instance, when the disjunction operator or occurs in positive contexts, an implicature of exclusivity arises. By contrast when the disjunction operator occurs within the scope of a downward entailing linguistic expression, no implicature of exclusivity is computed. Investigations on children’s computation of scalar implicatures in the same contexts have led (...)
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  24. Paul Ziff (1960). Semantic Analysis. Ithaca, N.Y.,Cornell University Press.score: 195.0
     
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  25. Ewa Mioduszewska (1992). Conventional Implicature and Semantic Theory. Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego.score: 195.0
     
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  26. Nissim Francez & Roy Dyckhoff (2010). Proof-Theoretic Semantics for a Natural Language Fragment. Linguistics and Philosophy 33 (6):447-477.score: 192.0
    The paper presents a proof-theoretic semantics (PTS) for a fragment of natural language, providing an alternative to the traditional model-theoretic (Montagovian) semantics (MTS), whereby meanings are truth-condition (in arbitrary models). Instead, meanings are taken as derivability-conditions in a dedicated natural-deduction (ND) proof-system. This semantics is effective (algorithmically decidable), adhering to the meaning as use paradigm, not suffering from several of the criticisms formulated by philosophers of language against MTS as a theory of meaning. In particular, (...)
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  27. Norbert Hornstein (1993). Events in the Semantics of English: A Study in Subatomic Semantics. Mind and Language 8 (3):442-449.score: 189.0
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  28. Soonja Choi & Melissa Bowerman (1992). Learning to Express Motion Events in English and Korean : The Influence of Language Specific Lexicalization Patterns. In Beth Levin & Steven Pinker (eds.), Lexical & Conceptual Semantics. Blackwell. 83-121.score: 189.0
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  29. Michel Pêcheux (1982). Language, Semantics, and Ideology. St. Martin's Press.score: 188.0
  30. G. Grossi, N. Savill, E. Thomas & G. Thierry (2011). Electrophysiological Cross-Language Neighborhood Density Effects in Late and Early English-Welsh Bilinguals. Frontiers in Psychology 3:408-408.score: 183.0
    Behavioral studies with proficient late bilinguals have revealed the existence of orthographic neighborhood density effects across languages when participants read either in their first (L1) or second (L2) language. Words with many cross-language neighbors have been found to elicit more negative event-related potentials (ERPs) than words with few cross-language neighbors (Midgley et al., 2008); the effect started earlier, and was larger, for L2 words. Here, 14 late and 14 early English-Welsh bilinguals performed a semantic categorization task (...)
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  31. Frans Plank (1984). Verbs and Objects in Semantic Agreement: Minor Differences Between English and German That Might Suggest a Major One. Journal of Semantics 3 (4):305-360.score: 180.0
    Even though not boasting overt and systematically used noun classifiers of the variety known as classificatory verbs, languages may still have predicates (co-)signalling particular categories of nominal classification (outside syntactic agreement). Standard examples are English verbs such as to bark/neigh/gallop requiring subjects which refer to particular animals, or otherwise classify their subject referents a being in the relevant respects comparable to the animals in question. I hope to demonstrate in this paper that semantic agreement of this kind, which has (...)
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  32. Ki-sŏng Pak (2009). Yŏngŏ Wa Han'gugŏ Ŭimiron Pigyo Yŏn'gu: Iron Kwa Silche. Tongin.score: 180.0
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  33. Karl Reuning (1941). Joy and Freude. Swarthmore, Pa.,Distributed by the Swarthmore College Bookstore.score: 180.0
     
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  34. Gustaf Stern (1931/1964). Meaning and Change of Meaning. Bloomington, Indiana University Press.score: 180.0
     
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  35. Tim Crane (1990). The Language of Thought: No Syntax Without Semantics. Mind and Language 5 (3):187-213.score: 174.0
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  36. Petr Sgall (ed.) (1984). Contributions to Functional Syntax, Semantics, and Language Comprehension. J. Benjamins Pub. Co..score: 174.0
    On the Notion "Type of Language" Petr Sgall It is well known that the high frequency of terminological vagueness and confusion has been a serious obstacle ...
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  37. Jeffrey Lidz & Sandra Waxman (2004). Reaffirming the Poverty of the Stimulus Argument: A Reply to the Replies. Cognition 93 (2):157-165.score: 174.0
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  38. William J. Greenberg (1985). Aspects of a Theory of Singular Reference: Prolegomena to a Dialectical Logic of Singular Terms. Garland Pub..score: 174.0
  39. P. Pauwels (2000). Put, Set, Lay, and Place: A Cognitve Linguistic Approach to Verbal Meaning. Lincom Europa.score: 174.0
     
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  40. Paul Pietrowski (2003). The Character of Natural Language Semantics. In Alex Barber (ed.), Epistemology of Language. Oxford University Press. 217--256.score: 170.0
    Paul M. Pietroski, University of Maryland I had heard it said that Chomsky’s conception of language is at odds with the truth-conditional program in semantics. Some of my friends said it so often that the point—or at least a point—finally sunk in.
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  41. Angelika Kratzer, Situations in Natural Language Semantics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 168.0
    Situation semantics was developed as an alternative to possible worlds semantics. In situation semantics, linguistic expressions are evaluated with respect to partial, rather than complete, worlds. There is no consensus about what situations are, just as there is no consensus about what possible worlds or events are. According to some, situations are structured entities consisting of relations and individuals standing in those relations. According to others, situations are particulars. In spite of unresolved foundational issues, the partiality provided (...)
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  42. Donald Davidson & Gilbert Harman (1970/1977). Semantics of Natural Language. Synthese 22 (1-2):1-2.score: 168.0
  43. Robert D. Rupert (1998). On the Relationship Between Naturalistic Semantics and Individuation Criteria for Terms in a Language of Thought. Synthese 117 (1):95-131.score: 168.0
    Naturalistically minded philosophers hope to identify a privileged nonsemantic relation that holds between a mental representation m and that which m represents, a relation whose privileged status underwrites the assignment of reference to m. The naturalist can accomplish this task only if she has in hand a nonsemantic criterion for individuating mental representations: it would be question-begging for the naturalist to characterize m, for the purpose of assigning content, as 'the representation with such and such content'. If we individuate mental (...)
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  44. Shalom Lappin, An Expressive First-Order Logic with Flexible Typing for Natural Language Semantics.score: 168.0
    We present Property Theory with Curry Typing (PTCT), an intensional first-order logic for natural language semantics. PTCT permits fine-grained specifications of meaning. It also supports polymorphic types and separation types.1 We develop an intensional number theory within PTCT in order to represent proportional generalized quantifiers like most. We use the type system and our treatment of generalized quantifiers in natural language to construct a type-theoretic approach to pronominal anaphora that avoids some of the difficulties that undermine previous (...)
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  45. Michael Mccord & Arendse Bernth (2005). A Metalogical Theory of Natural Language Semantics. Linguistics and Philosophy 28 (1):73 - 116.score: 168.0
    We develop a framework for natural language semantics which handles intensionality via metalogical constructions and deals with degree truth values in an integrated way. We take an axiomatic set theory, ZF, as the foundation for semantic representations, but we make ZF a metalanguage for part of itself by embedding a language ℒ within ZF which is basically a copy of the part of ZF consisting of set expressions. This metalogical set-up is used for handling propositional attitude verbs (...)
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  46. Theo M. V. Janssen (2013). Compositional Natural Language Semantics Using Independence Friendly Logic or Dependence Logic. Studia Logica 101 (2):453-466.score: 168.0
    Independence Friendly Logic, introduced by Hintikka, is a logic in which a quantifier can be marked for being independent of other quantifiers. Dependence logic, introduced by Väänänen, is a logic with the complementary approach: for a quantifier it can be indicated on which quantifiers it depends. These logics are claimed to be useful for many phenomena, for instance natural language semantics. In this contribution we will compare these two logics by investigating their application in a compositional analysis of (...)
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  47. Mingyue Michelle Gu (2013). From Pre-Service to in-Service Teachers: A Longitudinal Investigation of the Professional Development of English Language Teachers in Secondary Schools. Educational Studies 39 (5):503-521.score: 168.0
    This study reports on a longitudinal inquiry into professional identity construction among six novice cross-border English language teachers from mainland China, who completed their pre-service teacher education in Hong Kong (HK) and began their teaching practice in local HK schools. The findings indicate that the participants navigated obstacles in teaching by deploying their own multiple languages as a cultural and linguistic repertoire. The findings also show that the teachers experienced difficulty legitimising their professional identity in the teaching community, (...)
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  48. Anne J. Davis & Verena Tschudin (2007). Publishing in English-Language Journals. Nursing Ethics 14 (3):425-430.score: 168.0
    The need for academics to get their work published can be fraught with problems, especially if they have to publish in the English language and within western culture, both of which may be unfamiliar to them. Before considering a submission, authors need to satisfy the rigors of their studies: suitability of the subject matter for a particular journal; concepts, literature and instruments; and if the English is adequate. These are issues of responsibility of authors to readers and, (...)
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  49. A. W. Moore (forthcoming). The English Language and Philosophy. Rue Descartes.score: 168.0
    Dans quelle mesure la philosophie du langage ordinaire, faite par des anglophones (usagers de l'English language,) qui réfléchissent sur la langue (language encore) et son usage correct, est-elle liée à l'anglais ? Ainsi, quand elle traite de la nature de la connaissance, se peut-il qu'il s'agisse de questions induites par le terme knowledge (connaissance/savoir) ? Adrian Moore instruit la cohérence d'une réponse négative à partir d'une réflexion sur le « nous » qui parle. Mais il voit dans (...)
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  50. Chris Fox & Shalom Lappin, Doing Natural Language Semantics in an Expressive First-Order Logic with Flexible Typing.score: 168.0
    A BSTRACT. We present Property Theory with Curry Typing (PTCT), an intensional first-order logic for natural language semantics. PTCT permits fine-grained specifications of meaning. It also supports polymorphic types and separation types.1 We develop an intensional number theory within PTCT in order to represent proportional generalized quantifiers like most. We use the type system and our treatment of generalized quantifiers in natural language to construct a typetheoretic approach to pronominal anaphora that avoids some of the difficulties (...)
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