Year:

  1.  24
    Making Power Explicit.Rutger Claassen & Lisa Herzog - 2021 - Social Theory and Practice 47 (2):221-246.
    In this paper we argue that liberal-egalitarian theorists of justice should take power, especially economic power, seriously and make it explicit. We argue that many theories of justice have left power implicit, relying on what we call the “primacy of politics” model as a background assumption. However, this model does not suffice to capture the power relations of today’s globalized world, in which the power of nation states has been reduced and material inequality has sky-rocketed. We suggest replacing it by (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  9
    Structural Injustice and the Duties of the Privileged.Zsolt Kapelner - 2021 - Social Theory and Practice 47 (2):247-264.
    Structural injustice is injustice produced by largescale social structures and processes that create systemic disadvantages for large groups of people. Individuals have duties to counteract structural injustice. These duties are more demanding for people privileged by unjust social structures than for non-privileged individuals, even when the latter have equal ability to contribute. What explains this? I review and reject two common explanations, i.e., the Reparation Account and the Restitution Account. I offer a third view, the Domination Account; it holds that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  5
    Other-Regarding Preferences.Elias L. Khalil & Alain Marciano - 2021 - Social Theory and Practice 47 (2):265-298.
    The category “other-regarding preferences” is a catch-all phrase based on a self/other dichotomy. While the self/other might be useful when the motive is self-interest or altruism, it fails when the motive involves bonding. This article identifies three motives that involve bonding: i) the preferences regarding friendship and community; ii) the preferences that amalgamate communal bonding with self-interest; and iii) the preferences for distinction and status. These three types of preferences unify the self and other—usually aided by ceremonies of gift exchange (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  4.  2
    Self-Determination as the Ground and Constraint for the Right to Exclude.Jonathan Kwan - 2021 - Social Theory and Practice 47 (2):299-329.
    In this article, I show how the principle of democratic self-determination can answer the boundary problem by both grounding and constraining a people’s right to exclude potential immigrants. I argue that a people has the qualified right to exclude insofar as it respects the self-determination claims of outsiders. I analyze the concrete implications of the requirement to respect the self-determination claims of outsiders in the cases of long-term residents, refugees, and brain drain. Sometimes the only way for a people to (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  98
    Entry by Birth Alone?Matthew Lindauer - 2021 - Social Theory and Practice 47 (2):331-349.
    This article argues that citizens have a basic right to invite family members and spouses into their society on the basis of Rawlsian egalitarian premises. This right is argued to be just as basic as other recognized basic rights, such as freedom of speech. The argument suggests further that we must treat immigration and family reunification, in particular, as central issues of domestic justice. The article also examines the implications of these points for the importance of immigration in liberal domestic (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  5
    Experiments in Living.Aylon R. Manor - 2021 - Social Theory and Practice 47 (2):351-375.
    A number of liberal and libertarian philosophers make the moral case for laissez-faire polycentricity—a political order centered around voluntary association. Some of these philosophers further present epistemic arguments in favor of polycentric forms of organization. Initially, one might think that the epistemic arguments reinforce the moral ones, resulting in a philosophically robust case for laissez-faire polycentricity. This paper argues against this conclusion. Through examining the intersection between epistemic considerations and institutional arrangements, I show that the epistemic arguments point away from (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  8
    The Procedural Value of Compromise.Élise Rouméas - 2021 - Social Theory and Practice 47 (2):377-396.
    Compromise is a valuable decision-making procedure. This article argues that its value lies in the norms of reciprocity and consent. Reciprocity structures the practice of concession-giving. Compliance with this tacit rule expresses an ethos of mutual concern and achieves a shared sense of fairness. Consent is a useful safeguard against asymmetric deals and makes compromise morally binding. The procedural value of compromise gives us important reasons to choose this method for resolving conflicts.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  13
    The Injustice of Alienation.Jeppe von Platz - 2021 - Social Theory and Practice 47 (2):397-424.
    I articulate and defend a Rousseauvian theory of alienation and argue that thus construed non-alienation is a requirement of justice. On the Rousseauvian account, alienation is a process whereby social and economic conditions produce a particular sort of moral-psychological failure. Alienation is undesirable in itself, but it also makes the alienated person miserable, wicked, and unfree. Since our social and economic conditions are chosen, we should choose those that do not have these undesirable consequences.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  4
    On Choosing Where to Stand.Aaron J. Yarmel - 2021 - Social Theory and Practice 47 (2):425-449.
    When selecting approaches to pursuing social change, activists commonly evaluate the merits of individual approaches without considering the distributions of approaches already in their movements. This is a problem. I argue, from both general considerations about the division of cognitive labor and empirical evidence from sociology, that some distributions of approaches are better for movements than others and that activists can and should change these distributions for the better rather than for the worse.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  35
    Against Online Public Shaming.Guy Aitchison & Saladin Meckled-Garcia - 2021 - Social Theory and Practice 47 (1):1-31.
    Online Public Shaming is a form of norm enforcement that involves collectively imposing reputational costs on a person for having a certain kind of moral character. OPS actions aim to disqualify her from public discussion and certain normal human relations. We argue that this constitutes an informal collective punishment that it is presumptively wrong to impose on others. OPS functions as a form of ostracism that fails to show equal basic respect to its targets. Additionally, in seeking to mobilise unconstrained (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  11. What’s Wrong with Stereotypes? The Falsity Hypothesis.Erin Beeghly - 2021 - Social Theory and Practice 47 (1):33-61.
    Stereotypes are commonly alleged to be false or inaccurate views of groups. For shorthand, I call this the falsity hypothesis. The falsity hypothesis is widespread and is often one of the first reasons people cite when they explain why we shouldn’t use stereotypic views in cognition, reasoning, or speech. In this essay, I argue against the falsity hypothesis on both empirical and ameliorative grounds. In its place, I sketch a more promising view of stereotypes—which avoids the falsity hypothesis—that joins my (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  6
    The Traces Left Behind.Michael Da Silva - 2021 - Social Theory and Practice 47 (1):63-89.
    Fulfilling one’s all-things-considered duty sometimes requires violating pro tanto duties. According to W. D. Ross and Robert Nozick, the pro tanto-duty-violating, wrong-making features of acts in these cases can leave ‘traces’ of wrongfulness that require specific responses: feeling compunction for the wrongfulness and/or providing compensation to the negatively affected person. Failure to respond in the appropriate way to lingering wrong-making features can itself be wrongful. Unfortunately, criteria for determining when traces remain are largely lacking. In this piece, I argue for (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  8
    Political Realism and Political Reasons.Sam Kiss - 2021 - Social Theory and Practice 47 (1):91-124.
    Some people, we may call them realists, endorse the priority thesis. This thesis says political reasons have normative priority whenever we assess political situations. Any putative political reasons, I argue, must satisfy an autonomy condition and an identity condition. I argue that no realist account of political reasons shows such reasons are distinct and autonomous as of yet. One account, the practice-based account, may have the wherewithal to show political reasons are distinct. I also say some things about the relations (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  5
    Still Thin but Thicker Than Thin.Danielle Limbaugh - 2021 - Social Theory and Practice 47 (1):125-152.
    Political institutions in a diverse social landscape struggle with what I call the ‘initial problem’ of securing universal agreement across a domain. This has led to interest in polycentric models, which devolve a polity’s governmental authority into smaller jurisdictions, eliminating the need for agreement across the polity. The three most developed polycentric models in political philosophy mistakenly assume that there will not be disagreement between jurisdictions. When such disagreement does occur—a natural byproduct of diversity—the initial problem returns when adjudicating the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  6
    Beneficiary Pays and Respect for Autonomy.Sigurd Lindstad - 2021 - Social Theory and Practice 47 (1):153-169.
    This paper proposes that the “beneficiary pays principle” may be grounded in a brand of respect for autonomy. I first argue that on one understanding, such respect implies that as far as we are not morally required to make some sacrifice in service of some purpose, we each have legitimate authority to ourselves decide the purposes for which we should make sacrifices. I then argue that the problem with retaining benefits realized by imposed sacrifices, which the victim was not required (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16.  9
    Bioethics, Adaptive Preferences, and Judging the Quality of a Life with Disability.Joseph A. Stramondo - 2021 - Social Theory and Practice 47 (1):199-220.
    Both mainstream and disability bioethics sometimes contend that the self-assessment of disabled people about their own well-being is distorted by adaptive preferences that are only held because other, better options are unavailable. I will argue that both of the most common ways of understanding adaptive preferences—the autonomy-based account and the well-being account—would reject blanket claims that disabled people’s QOL self-assessment has been distorted, whether those claims come from mainstream bioethicists or from disability bioethicists. However, rejecting these generalizations for a more (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  49
    Must Egalitarians Condemn Representative Democracy?Adam Lovett - 2021 - Social Theory and Practice 1 (1):171-198.
    Many contemporary democratic theorists are democratic egalitarians. They think that the distinctive value of democracy lies in equality. Yet this position faces a serious problem. All contemporary democracies are representative democracies. Such democracies are highly unequal: representatives have much more power than do ordinary citizens. So, it seems that democratic egalitarians must condemn representative democracies. In this paper, I present a solution to this problem. My solution invokes popular control. If representatives are under popular control, then their extra power is (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
 Previous issues
  
Next issues