Results for 'Evolution of morality'

999 found
Order:
See also
  1.  37
    The Evolution of Moral Progress: A Biocultural Theory.Allen Buchanan & Russell Powell - 2018 - New York: Oup Usa.
    Steven Pinker has said that one of the most important questions humans can ask of themselves is whether moral progress has occurred or is likely to occur. Buchanan and Powell here address that question, in order to provide the first naturalistic, empirically-informed and analytically sophisticated theory of moral progress--explaining the capacities in the human brain that allow for it, the role of the environment, and how contingent and fragile moral progress can be.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   39 citations  
  2. The Contingency of the Cultural Evolution of Morality, Debunking, and Theism vs. Naturalism.Matthew Braddock - 2021 - In Johan De Smedt & Helen De Cruz (eds.), Empirically Engaged Evolutionary Ethics. Synthese Library. Springer - Synthese Library. pp. 179-201.
    Is the cultural evolution of morality fairly contingent? Could cultural evolution have easily led humans to moral norms and judgments that are mostly false by our present lights? If so, does it matter philosophically? Yes, or so we argue. We empirically motivate the contingency of cultural evolution and show that it makes two major philosophical contributions. First, it shows that moral objectivists cannot explain the reliability of our moral judgments and thus strengthens moral debunking arguments. Second, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  3. The Evolution of Morality.Richard Joyce - 2005 - Bradford.
    Moral thinking pervades our practical lives, but where did this way of thinking come from, and what purpose does it serve? Is it to be explained by environmental pressures on our ancestors a million years ago, or is it a cultural invention of more recent origin? In The Evolution of Morality, Richard Joyce takes up these controversial questions, finding that the evidence supports an innate basis to human morality. As a moral philosopher, Joyce is interested in whether (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   442 citations  
  4. The evolution of morality, being a history of the development of moral culture.C. Staniland Wake - 1880 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 9:327-338.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  57
    The evolution of moral progress and biomedical moral enhancement.Ingmar Persson & Julian Savulescu - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (7):814-819.
    In The Evolution of Moral Progress Allen Buchanan and Russell Powell advance an evolutionary explanation of moral progress by morality becoming more ‘inclusivist’. We are prepared to accept this explanation as far as it goes, but argue that it fails to explain how morality can become inclusivist in the fuller sense they intend. In fact, it even rules out inclusivism in their intended sense of moral progress, since they believe that human altruism and prosocial attitudes are essentially (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  6. The evolution of moral intuitions and their feeling of rightness.Christine Clavien & Chloë FitzGerald - 2016 - In Richard Joyce (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Evolution and Philosophy. New York: Routledge.
    Despite the widespread use of the notion of moral intuition, its psychological features remain a matter of debate and it is unclear why the capacity to experience moral intuitions evolved in humans. We first survey standard accounts of moral intuition, pointing out their interesting and problematic aspects. Drawing lessons from this analysis, we propose a novel account of moral intuitions which captures their phenomenological, mechanistic, and evolutionary features. Moral intuitions are composed of two elements: an evaluative mental state and a (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  7. The evolution of morality.Douglas Allchin - 2009 - Evolution 2 (4):590-601.
    Here, in textbook style, is a concise biological account of the evolution of morality. It addresses morality on three levels: moral outcomes (behavioral genetics), moral motivation or intent (psychology and neurology), and moral systems (sociality). The rationale for teaching this material is addressed in Allchin (2009). Classroom resources (including accompanying images and video links) and a discussion of teaching strategies are provided online at: http://EvolutionOfMorality.net.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  8. Evolution of morality.Edouard Machery & Ron Mallon - 2010 - In John M. Doris (ed.), Moral Psychology Handbook. Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press. pp. 3.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   48 citations  
  9.  90
    Evolution of Moral Norms.William Harms & Brian Skyrms - unknown
    Moral norms are the rules of morality, those that people actually follow, and those that we feel people ought to follow, even when they don’t. Historically, the social sciences have been primarily concerned with describing the many forms that moral norms take in various cultures, with the emerging implication that moral norms are mere arbitrary products of culture. Philosophers, on the other hand, have been more concerned with trying to understand the nature and source of rules that all cultures (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  10.  8
    The Evolution of Morality.John Teehan - 2010-03-19 - In Michael Boylan (ed.), In the Name of God. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 9–42.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Setting the Task The Moral Brain The First Layer: Kin Selection The Second Layer: Reciprocal Altruism A Third Layer: Indirect Reciprocity A Fourth Layer: Cultural Group Selection A Fifth Layer: The Moral Emotions Conclusion: From Moral Grammar to Moral Systems.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  47
    The evolution of morality and religion.Donald M. Broom - 2003 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Donald Broom argues that morality and the central components of religion are of great value, and presents two central ideas. He asserts that morality has a biological foundation and has evolved as a consequence of natural selection, and that religions are essentially the structures supporting morality. Many philosophers and theologians write about morality and its origins without reference to biological processes such as evolution. Likewise, biologists discuss phenomena of importance to human morality and religion (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  12.  40
    The Evolution of Moral Standing Without Supervenience.Brian Zamulinski - 2022 - Philosophical Papers 51 (2):333-349.
    There is an alternative to the type of moral standing that hypothetically supervenes on other, base or subvenient, properties. Attributed moral standing results when people who have a naturally selected belief that they are worthy of moral consideration negotiate with others with the aim of being acknowledged as having moral standing and are successful. They could successfully negotiate with people who possessed supervenient moral standing. In a hypothetical evolutionary competition with the latter, they would replace them entirely. The result would (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  27
    The Evolution of Moral Progress. A Biocultural Theory.Allan Buchanan & Russel Powell - 2019 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 73 (1):161-164.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  14. Preçis of The Evolution of Morality.Richard Joyce - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 77 (1):213-218.
    The Evolution of Morality attempts to accomplish two tasks. The first is to clarify and provisionally advocate the thesis that human morality is a distinct adaptation wrought by biological natural selection. The second is to inquire whether this empirical thesis would, if true, have any metaethical implications.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  15.  55
    Possibilities of Moral Progress in the Face of Evolution.Julia Hermann - 2017 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 20 (1):39-54.
    Evolutionary accounts of the origin of human morality may be speculative to some extent, but they contain some very plausible claims, such as the claim that ethics evolved as a response to the demands of group living. Regarding the phenomenon of moral progress, it has been argued both that it is ruled out by an evolutionary approach, and that it can be explained by it. It has even been claimed that an evolutionary account has the potential to advance progress (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  16.  86
    Reflections on The Evolution Of Morality.Christine Korsgaard - 2010 - The Amherst Lecture in Philosophy 5:1-29.
    In recent years a number of biologists, anthropologists, and animal scientists have tried to explain the biological evolution of morality, and claim to have found the rudiments of morality in the altruistic behavior of our nearest nonhuman relatives. I argue that there is one feature of morality to which these accounts do not pay adequate attention: normative self-government, the capacity to be motivated to do something by the thought that you ought to do it. This is (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  17. The evolution of moral belief: support for the debunker’s causal premise.Michael T. Dale - 2022 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 44 (2):1-18.
    The causal premise of the evolutionary debunking argument contends that human moral beliefs are explained by the process of natural selection. While it is universally acknowledged that such a premise is fundamental to the debunker’s case, the vast majority of philosophers focus instead on the epistemic premise that natural selection does not track moral truth and the resulting skeptical conclusion. Recently, however, some have begun to concentrate on the causal premise. So far, the upshot of this small but growing literature (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  18. Evolution of moral norms.Brian Skyrms & Bill Harms - manuscript
    Moral norms are the rules of morality, those that people actually follow, and those that we feel people ought to follow, even when they don’t. Historically, the social sciences have been primarily concerned with describing the many forms that moral norms take in various cultures, with the emerging implication that moral norms are mere arbitrary products of culture. Philosophers, on the other hand, have been more concerned with trying to understand the nature and source of rules that all cultures (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  59
    Moral Psychology: The Evolution of Morality: Adaptations and Innateness.Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (ed.) - 2007 - Bradford.
    For much of the twentieth century, philosophy and science went their separate ways. In moral philosophy, fear of the so-called naturalistic fallacy kept moral philosophers from incorporating developments in biology and psychology. Since the 1990s, however, many philosophers have drawn on recent advances in cognitive psychology, brain science, and evolutionary psychology to inform their work. This collaborative trend is especially strong in moral philosophy, and these volumes bring together some of the most innovative work by both philosophers and psychologists in (...)
  20. Animal play and the evolution of morality: An ethological approach.Colin Allen & Marc Bekoff - 2005 - Topoi 24 (2):125-135.
    In this paper we argue that there is much to learn about “wild justice” and the evolutionary origins of morality – behaving fairly – by studying social play behavior in group-living mammals. Because of its relatively wide distribution among the mammals, ethological investigation of play, informed by interdisciplinary cooperation, can provide a comparative perspective on the evolution of ethical behavior that is broader than is provided by the usual focus on primate sociality. Careful analysis of social play reveals (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  21.  22
    The Evolution of Kant’s Concept of Freedom between the “Critique of Pure Reason” and the “Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals”.Olga Lenczewska - 2018 - In Waibel Violetta, Ruffing Margit & David Wagner (eds.), Natur und Freiheit : Akten des XII. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. De Gruyter. pp. 1895–1902.
  22. The evolution of moral cognition.Leda Cosmides, Ricardo Andrés Guzmán & John Tooby - 2018 - In Aaron Zimmerman, Karen Jones & Mark Timmons (eds.), Routledge Handbook on Moral Epistemology. New York: Routledge.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  23.  11
    The Evolution of Morality. By Richard Joyce.Gregory J. Morgan - 2008 - Metaphilosophy 39 (4-5):685-690.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  12
    The Evolution of Moral Progress Meets Social Science: Suggestions to Augment an Ambitious Argument.Steven Hitlin - 2019 - Analyse & Kritik 41 (2):271-286.
    Buchanan and Powell’s ambitious work offers a wide-ranging philosophical treatment about one of social science’s active inquries: human morality and how it evolved. This review humbly offers a brief engagement with the social science of morality, both to support the book’s conclusions and occasionally to build productive interdisciplinary bridges toward an even more fuller treatment of the topic.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. The evolution of moral problems in cartesian thought.R. Cesareo - 1985 - Filosofia 36 (1):79-108.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. The evolution of moral cognition.Leda Cosmides, Ricardo Andrés Guzmán & John Tooby - 2018 - In Aaron Zimmerman, Karen Jones & Mark Timmons (eds.), Routledge Handbook on Moral Epistemology. Routledge.
  27.  35
    The Evolution of Morality A Three-Dimensional Map.Celia Deane-Drummond, Neil Arner & Agustín Fuentes - 2016 - Philosophy, Theology and the Sciences 3 (2):115.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  28. The Structural Evolution of Morality.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2007 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    It is certainly the case that morality governs the interactions that take place between individuals. But what if morality exists because of these interactions? This book, first published in 2007, argues for the claim that much of the behaviour we view as 'moral' exists because acting in that way benefits each of us to the greatest extent possible, given the socially structured nature of society. Drawing upon aspects of evolutionary game theory, the theory of bounded rationality, and computational (...)
  29.  93
    The evolution of morality.James Seth - 1889 - Mind 14 (53):27-49.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  28
    The evolution of morality and its rollback.Brian Garvey - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (2):26.
    According to most Evolutionary Psychologists, human moral attitudes are rooted in cognitive modules that evolved in the Stone Age to solve problems of social interaction. A crucial component of their view is that such cognitive modules remain unchanged since the Stone Age, and I question that here. I appeal to evolutionary rollback, the phenomenon where an organ becomes non-functional and eventually atrophies or disappears—e.g. cave-dwelling fish losing their eyes. I argue that even if cognitive modules evolved in the Stone Age (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  31.  67
    Indirect reciprocity and the evolution of “moral signals”.Rory Smead - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (1):33-51.
    Signals regarding the behavior of others are an essential element of human moral systems and there are important evolutionary connections between language and large-scale cooperation. In particular, social communication may be required for the reputation tracking needed to stabilize indirect reciprocity. Additionally, scholars have suggested that the benefits of indirect reciprocity may have been important for the evolution of language and that social signals may have coevolved with large-scale cooperation. This paper investigates the possibility of such a coevolution. Using (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  32. Teaching the Evolution of Morality: Status and Resources.Douglas Allchin - 2009 - Evolution 2 (4):629-635.
    Recent studies now provide a relatively robust explanation of how moral behavior evolved, perhaps not just in humans. An analysis of current biology textbooks shows that they fail to address this critical topic fully. Here, I survey resources—books, images, and videos—that can guide educators in meeting the challenge of teaching the biology of morality.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. Review of The Evolution of Moral Progress: A Biocultural Theory by Allen Buchanan and Russell Powell. [REVIEW]Michael Brownstein & Daniel Kelly - 2019 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science Review of Books 1:1-14.
    Allen Buchanan and Russel Powell’s The Evolution of Moral Progress (EMP) is likely to become a landmark. It adeptly builds on much of the recent empirical work, weaving it together with philosophical material drawn from a series of essays published by the two authors. EMP makes the case that moral progress is not only consistent with human psychology but—under some conditions—likely. At its heart is a careful, well-developed rebuttal to the idea that there are evolved constraints endogenous to human (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  34.  66
    The evolution of public health ethics frameworks: systematic review of moral values and norms in public health policy.Mahmoud Abbasi, Reza Majdzadeh, Alireza Zali, Abbas Karimi & Forouzan Akrami - 2018 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 21 (3):387-402.
    Given the evolution of the public health (PH) and the changes from the phenomenon of globalization, this area has encountered new ethical challenges. In order to find a coherent approach to address ethical issues in PH policy, this study aimed to identify the evolution of public health ethics (PHE) frameworks and the main moral values and norms in PH practice and policy. According to the research questions, a systematic search of the literature, in English, with no time limit (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  35.  81
    On the evolution of morality and religion: A response to Lee Cronk.Roy A. Rappaport - 1994 - Zygon 29 (3):331-349.
    Issue is taken with Dawkins and Krebs's (1978) conception of communication as being by nature manipulative and with Cronk's proposals concerning the evolution of morality, both of which are grounded in evolutionary biology. An alternative view, which recognizes that which humanity has in common with other species but which emphasizes humanity's distinctiveness, is offered to account for religion and morality.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  36.  31
    Précis of The Evolution of Moral Progress: A Biocultural Theory.Russell Powell & Allen Buchanan - 2019 - Analyse & Kritik 41 (2):183-194.
    The idea of moral progress played a central role in liberal political thought from the Enlightenment through the nineteenth century but is rarely encountered in moral and political philosophical discourse today. One reason for this is that traditional liberal theorists of moral progress, like their conservative detractors, tended to rely on under-evidenced assumptions about human psychology and society. For the first time, we are developing robust scientific knowledge about human nature, especially through empirical psychological theories of morality and culture (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37.  2
    Reflections on the Evolution of Morality.Karl E. Peters - 1999 - Zygon 34 (3):419-433.
    In my summary lecture at the IRAS 1997 Star Island Conference on the Evolution of Morality, I reflected on the thinking of other speakers in light of my own personal experience. My remarks were organized around five questions: (1) Do worldviews matter, and how do we decide if some matter more than others? (2) What does it mean to be moral? (3) What is the relation between biology and culture? (4) How does a scientific, sociobiological description of how (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  55
    Reflections on the Evolution of Morality.Karl E. Peters - 1999 - Zygon 34 (3):419-433.
    In my summary lecture at the IRAS 1997 Star Island Conference on the Evolution of Morality, I reflected on the thinking of other speakers in light of my own personal experience. My remarks were organized around five questions: (1) Do worldviews matter, and how do we decide if some matter more than others? (2) What does it mean to be moral? (3) What is the relation between biology and culture? (4) How does a scientific, sociobiological description of how (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  19
    The Evolution of Moral Progress. A Biocultural Theory: Allen Buchanan and Russell Powell: The Evolution of Moral Progress. A Biocultural Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. Hardcover , € 30. 440 + Xiv Pp.Marie-Luisa Frick - 2019 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 22 (1):255-257.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  12
    Evolution of Morals in the Epics.E. B. & Dhairyabala P. Vora - 1960 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 80 (4):393.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  31
    Patterns and evolution of moral behaviour: moral dynamics in everyday life.Albert Barque-Duran, Emmanuel M. Pothos, James M. Yearsley & James A. Hampton - 2016 - Thinking and Reasoning 22 (1):31-56.
    ABSTRACTRecent research on moral dynamics shows that an individual's ethical mind-set moderates the impact of an initial ethical or unethical act on the likelihood of behaving ethically on a subsequent occasion. More specifically, an outcome-based mind-set facilitates Moral Balancing, whereas a rule-based mind-set facilitates Moral Consistency. The objective was to look at the evolution of moral choice across a series of scenarios, that is, to explore if these moral patterns are maintained over time. The results of three studies showed (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  42.  13
    Book ReviewsRichard Joyce,. The Evolution of Morality.Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2006. Pp. 288. $32.00.Zed Adams - 2007 - Ethics 117 (2):363-369.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  69
    Your theory of the evolution of morality depends upon your theory of morality.David Kirkby, Wolfram Hinzen & John Mikhail - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (1):94-95.
    Baumard et al. attribute to humans a sense of fairness. However, the properties of this sense are so underspecified that the evolutionary account offered is not well-motivated. We contrast this with the framework of Universal Moral Grammar, which has sought a descriptively adequate account of the structure of the moral domain as a precondition for understanding the evolution of morality.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  44. Biological Markets, Cooperation, and the Evolution of Morality.Joeri Witteveen - 2021 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 72 (2):401-430.
    Biological market theory has in recent years become an important part of the social evolutionist’s toolkit. This article discusses the explanatory potential and pitfalls of biological market theory in the context of big picture accounts of the evolution of human cooperation and morality. I begin by assessing an influential account that presents biological market dynamics as a key driver of the evolution of fairness norms in humans. I argue that this account is problematic for theoretical, empirical, and (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  45.  42
    The Perpetual Struggle: How the Coevolution of Hierarchy and Resistance Drives the Evolution of Morality and Institutions.Allen Buchanan - 2021 - Social Philosophy and Policy 38 (2):232-260.
    Since the earliest human societies, there has been an ongoing struggle between hierarchy and resistance to hierarchy, and this struggle is a major driver of the evolution of moralities and of institutions. Attempts to initiate or sustain hierarchies are often met with resistance; hierarchs then adopt new strategies, which in turn prompt new strategies of resistance; and so on. The key point is that the struggle is typically conducted using moral concepts in justifications for or against unequal power and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  10
    Moral Psychology, Volume 1: The Evolution of Morality: Adaptations and Innateness.Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (ed.) - 2007 - MIT Press.
    Philosophers and psychologists discuss new collaborative work in moral philosophy that draws on evolutionary psychology, cognitive science, and neuroscience. For much of the twentieth century, philosophy and science went their separate ways. In moral philosophy, fear of the so-called naturalistic fallacy kept moral philosophers from incorporating developments in biology and psychology. Since the 1990s, however, many philosophers have drawn on recent advances in cognitive psychology, brain science, and evolutionary psychology to inform their work. This collaborative trend is especially strong in (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  47. Born bad? Evaluating the case against the evolution of morality.Dennis Krebs - 2010 - In Henrik Høgh-Olesen (ed.), Human morality and sociality: evolutionary and comparative perspectives. New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. Reflections on the Evolution of Morality.Christine M. Korsgaard - 2010 - The Amehurst Lecture in Philosophy 5:1–29.
  49.  74
    Darwin on the evolution of morality.Soshichi Uchii - unknown
    Darwin argued for the biological basis of morality in his Descent of Man (1871). Beginning with the thesis of the continuity of man and animals, he tried to explain the origin of the moral sense, or conscience, as understood as an ability to discern right and wrong, and to feel guilty if one realizes to have done wrong. His argument is that, in any animal with social instincts and sufficient intellectual powers, a moral sense would be developed. Although Darwin's (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  10
    A factor in the evolution of morals.F. C. French - 1907 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 4 (8):203-209.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 999