Results for 'Maarten Someren'

591 found
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  1.  19
    Modeling developmental transitions on the balance scale task.Hedderik Rijn, Maarten Someren & Han Maas - 2003 - Cognitive Science 27 (2):227-257.
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  2.  6
    Modeling developmental transitions on the balance scale task.Hedderik van Rijn, Maarten van Someren & Han van der Maas - 2003 - Cognitive Science 27 (2):227-257.
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  3. Characterization, Interpolation and Complexity, by Carlos Areces, Patrick Blackburn and Maarten Marx.Patrick Blackburn & Maarten Marx Hybrid Logic - 2001 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 66 (3):977-1010.
     
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  4. False reflections.Maarten Steenhagen - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (5):1227-1242.
    Philosophers and psychologists often assume that mirror reflections are optical illusions. According to many authors, what we see in a mirror appears to be behind it. I discuss two strategies to resist this piece of dogma. As I will show, the conviction that mirror reflections are illusions is rooted in a confused conception of the relations between location, direction, and visibility. This conception is unacceptable to those who take seriously the way in which mirrors contribute to our experience of the (...)
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  5. Must naive realists be relationalists?Maarten Steenhagen - 2019 - European Journal of Philosophy 27 (4):1002-1015.
    Relationalism maintains that perceptual experience involves, as part of its nature, a distinctive kind of conscious perceptual relation between a subject of experience and an object of experience. Together with the claim that perceptual experience is presentational, relationalism is widely believed to be a core aspect of the naive realist outlook on perception. This is a mistake. I argue that naive realism about perception can be upheld without a commitment to relationalism.
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  6. Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem.Massimo Pigliucci & Maarten Boudry (eds.) - 2013 - University of Chicago Press.
    What sets the practice of rigorously tested, sound science apart from pseudoscience? In this volume, the contributors seek to answer this question, known to philosophers of science as “the demarcation problem.” This issue has a long history in philosophy, stretching as far back as the early twentieth century and the work of Karl Popper. But by the late 1980s, scholars in the field began to treat the demarcation problem as impossible to solve and futile to ponder. However, the essays that (...)
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  7.  10
    Maarten Derksen. Histories of Human Engineering: Tact and Technology. vii + 270 pp., notes, bibl., index. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017. £85 . ISBN 9781107057432. [REVIEW]Ruud Abma - 2019 - Isis 110 (1):147-148.
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  8.  50
    Burghers into citizens: Urban and national citizenship in the Netherlands during the revolutionary era (c. 1800). [REVIEW]Maarten Prak - 1997 - Theory and Society 26 (4):403-420.
  9. Wishful Thinking in Moral Theorizing: Comment on Enoch.Rob van Someren Greve - 2011 - Utilitas 23 (4):447-450.
    David Enoch recently defended the idea that there are valid inferences of the form ‘it would be good if p, therefore, p’. I argue that Enoch's proposal allows us to infer the absurd conclusion that ours is the best of all possible worlds.
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  10.  3
    Motion and Proportion in Simon Stevin’s Mechanics.Maarten Dyck - 2017 - In Marcus P. Adams, Zvi Biener, Uljana Feest & Jacqueline Anne Sullivan (eds.), Eppur Si Muove: Doing History and Philosophy of Science with Peter Machamer: A Collection of Essays in Honor of Peter Machamer. Springer.
    This paper offers a reassesment of Simon Stevin’s mechanics, by focusing on how Stevin tries to anchor his mathematical demonstrations in the behavior of material instruments. It is shown how his views on the relation between spiegheling and daet are crucial to correctly understand his famous proof of the law of the inclined plane and his experimental test of the Aristotelian law of free fall. The distance separating spiegheling and daet is reproduced in that between instruments at rest and instruments (...)
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  11.  75
    Terra incognita: Explanation and reduction in earth science.Maarten G. Kleinhans, Chris J. J. Buskes & Henk W. de Regt - 2005 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 19 (3):289 – 317.
    The present paper presents a philosophical analysis of earth science, a discipline that has received relatively little attention from philosophers of science. We focus on the question of whether earth science can be reduced to allegedly more fundamental sciences, such as chemistry or physics. In order to answer this question, we investigate the aims and methods of earth science, the laws and theories used by earth scientists, and the nature of earth-scientific explanation. Our analysis leads to the tentative conclusion that (...)
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  12.  14
    Maarten Luther oor hoe noodsaaklik dit is om Latyn, Grieks en Hebreeus te leer.B. Gemser - 1944 - HTS Theological Studies 1 (4).
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  13. Objective Consequentialism and Avoidable Imperfections.Rob van Someren Greve - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (3):481-492.
    There are two distinct views on how to formulate an objective consequentialist account of the deontic status of actions, actualism and possibilism. On an actualist account, what matters to the deontic status of actions is only the value of the outcome an action would have, if performed. By contrast, a possibilist account also takes into account the value of the outcomes that an action could have. These two views come apart in their deontic verdicts when an agent is imperfect in (...)
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  14.  37
    Citizen radicalism and democracy in the Dutch Republic.Maarten Prak - 1991 - Theory and Society 20 (1):73-102.
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  15.  75
    Philosophy of technology.Maarten Franssen - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  16.  21
    Sahlqvist's Theorem for Boolean Algebras with Operators with an Application to Cylindric Algebras.Maarten De Rijke & Yde Venema - 1995 - Studia Logica 54 (1):61 - 78.
    For an arbitrary similarity type of Boolean Algebras with Operators we define a class of Sahlqvist identities. Sahlqvist identities have two important properties. First, a Sahlqvist identity is valid in a complex algebra if and only if the underlying relational atom structure satisfies a first-order condition which can be effectively read off from the syntactic form of the identity. Second, and as a consequence of the first property, Sahlqvist identities are canonical, that is, their validity is preserved under taking canonical (...)
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  17.  73
    The normativity of artefacts.Maarten Franssen - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 37 (1):42-57.
    Part of the distinction between artefacts, objects made by humans for particular purposes, and natural objects is that artefacts are subject to normative judgements. A drill, say, can be a good drill or a poor drill, it can function well or correctly or it can malfunction. In this paper I investigate how such judgements fit into the domain of the normative in general and what the grounds for their normativity are. Taking as a starting point a general characterization of normativity (...)
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  18.  8
    Down to Earth: History and philosophy of geoscience in practice for undergraduate education.Maarten G. Kleinhans - 2021 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (3):1-15.
    Undergraduate geoscience students are rarely exposed to history and philosophy of science. I will describe the experiences with a short course unfavourably placed in the first year of a bachelor of earth science. Arguments how HPS could enrich their education in many ways are sketched. One useful didactic approach is to develop a broader interest by connecting HPS themes to practical cases throughout the curriculum, and develop learning activities that allow students to reflect on their skills, methods and their field (...)
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  19.  63
    Rationalizing Focal Points.Maarten C. W. Janssen - 2001 - Theory and Decision 50 (2):119-148.
    Focal points seem to be important in helping players coordinate their strategies in coordination problems. Game theory lacks, however, a formal theory of focal points. This paper proposes a theory of focal points that is based on individual rationality considerations. The two principles upon which the theory rest are the Principle of Insufficient Reason (IR) and a Principle of Individual Team Member Rationality. The way IR is modelled combines the classic notion of description symmetry and a new notion of pay-off (...)
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  20.  36
    The paradox of conceptual novelty and Galileo's use of experiments.Maarten Dycvank - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (5):864-875.
    Starting with a discussion of what I call `Koyré's paradox of conceptual novelty', I introduce the ideas of Damerow et al. on the establishment of classical mechanics in Galileo's work. I then argue that although their view on the nature of Galileo's conceptual innovation is convincing, it misses an essential element: Galileo's use of the experiments described in the first day of the Two New Sciences. I describe these experiments and analyze their function. Central to my analysis is the idea (...)
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  21.  47
    Learning as investment: Notes on governmentality and biopolitics.Maarten Simons - 2006 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 38 (4):523–540.
    The ‘European Space of Higher Education’ could be mapped as an infrastructure for entrepreneurship and a place where the distinction between the social and the economic becomes obsolete. Using Foucault's understanding of biopolitics and discussing the analyses of Agamben and Negri/Hardt it is argued that the actual governmental configuration, i.e. the economisation of the social, also has a biopolitical dimension. Focusing on the intersection between a politicisation and economisation of human life allows us to discuss a kind of ‘bio‐economisation’ , (...)
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  22.  95
    Brokerage Windows in 401(k) Plans: The Total Abdication of Fiduciary Responsibility.Rob Van Someren Greve, Paul Blankenstein & Leigh Anne St Charles - 2021 - Benefits Law Journal 34 (4):4-44.
    This article addresses the fiduciary issues raised by the current practice of plan fiduciaries of not only disclaiming any fiduciary responsibility for brokerage window investments, but also abdicating any role (fiduciary or otherwise) in assessing even the general suitability of those investments for a retirement plan, and concludes that the practice is in plain and notorious violation of what ERISA requires of fiduciaries.
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  23. Sehen lassen: Die Praxis des Zeigens. [REVIEW]Maarten Steenhagen - 2015 - British Journal of Aesthetics 55 (2):249-252.
  24. The value of practical usefulness.Rob van Someren Greve - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 168 (1):167-177.
    Some moral theories, such as objective forms of consequentialism, seem to fail to be practically useful: they are of little to no help in trying to decide what to do. Even if we do not think this constitutes a fatal flaw in such theories, we may nonetheless agree that being practically useful does make a moral theory a better theory, or so some have suggested. In this paper, I assess whether the uncontroversial respect in which a moral theory can be (...)
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  25.  33
    Multi-Dimensional Modal Logic.Maarten Marx - 1996 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Over the last twenty years, in all of these neighbouring fields, modal systems have been developed that we call multi-dimensional. (Our definition of multi ...
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  26. Against Adversarial Discussion.Maarten Steenhagen - 2016 - Collingwood and British Idealism Studies 22 (1):87-112.
    Why did R.G. Collingwood come to reject the adversarial style of philosophical discussion so popular among his Oxford peers? The main aim of this paper is to explain that Collingwood came to reject his colleagues’ specific style of philosophical dialogue on methodological grounds, and to show how the argument against adversarial philosophical discussion is integrated with Collingwood’s overall criticism of realist philosophy. His argument exploits a connection between method and practice that should be taken seriously even today.
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  27. Is Deontic Evaluation Capable of Doing What it is For?Nathaniel Sharadin & Rob Van Someren Greve - 2021 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 19 (3).
    Many philosophers think the distinctive function of deontic evaluation is to guide action. This idea is used in arguments for a range of substantive claims. In this paper, we entirely do one completely destructive thing and partly do one not entirely constructive thing. The first thing: we argue that there is an unrecognized gap between the claim that the function of deontic evaluation is to guide action and attempts to put that claim to use. We consider and reject four arguments (...)
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  28.  38
    The Silent Issue in Intel v. Sulyma: Does ERISA Section 413(2) Operate to Time-Bar Otherwise Timely Suits Challenging Subsequent Breaches of the Same Character?Rob Van Someren Greve & Paul Blankenstein - 2021 - Benefits Law Journal 34 (1):1-17.
    In its recent opinion in Intel v. Sulyma, the U.S. Supreme Court clarified what qualifies as the “actual knowledge” required to trigger ERISA’s three-year statutory period. The Court’s opinion, however, left open whether establishing “actual knowledge” by a plaintiff in one case serves to time-bar otherwise timely suits that challenge subsequent breaches of the same character. This article argues that, under the continuing fiduciary duty analysis that the Court set forth in Tibble v. Edison, such suits should not be deemed (...)
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  29.  36
    Minimum presentation time for masked facial expression discrimination.Maarten Milders, Arash Sahraie & Sarah Logan - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (1):63-82.
  30. Sense and Reference of Pictures.Maarten Steenhagen - 2020 - British Journal of Aesthetics (1):1-5.
    John Hyman insists that Frege-style cases for depiction show that any sound theory of depiction must distinguish between the ‘sense’ and the ‘reference’ of a picture. I argue that this rests on a mistake. Making sense of the cases does not require the distinction.
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  31. Fictional Creations.Maarten Steenhagen - 2021 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism.
    Many people assume that fictional entities are encapsulated in the world of fiction. I show that this cannot be right. Some works of fiction tell us about pieces of poetry, music, or theatre written by fictional characters. Such creations are fictional creations, as I will call them. Their authors do not exist. But that does not take away that we can perform, recite, or otherwise generate actual instances of such works. This means we can bring such individuals actually into existence, (...)
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  32.  6
    Electrocorticography of Spatial Shifting and Attentional Selection in Human Superior Parietal Cortex.Maarten Schrooten, Eshwar G. Ghumare, Laura Seynaeve, Tom Theys, Patrick Dupont, Wim Van Paesschen & Rik Vandenberghe - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  33.  27
    Protecting Tenants Without Preemption: How State and Local Governments Can Lessen the Impact of HUD's One-Strike Rule.Rob Van Someren Greve - 2017 - Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law and Policy 25 (1):135-167.
    Under a policy first enacted in 1988 and expanded in 1996, federally funded public housing authorities (“PHAs”) and private landlords renting their properties to tenants receiving federal housing assistance have been required to include a provision in all leases under which drug-related criminal activity as well as criminal activity that in any way poses a threat to other tenants or nearby residents constitutes ground for initiating eviction proceedings. This strict liability eviction policy, which has become known as the “One-Strike Rule,” (...)
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  34. Can Reasons be Self-Undermining?Rob Van Someren Greve - 2012 - Philosophia 40 (2):411-414.
    The characterization of objective, normative reasons to φ as facts (or truths) that count in favor of φ-ing is widely accepted. But are there any further conditions that considerations which count in favor of φ-ing must meet, in order to count as a reason to φ? In this brief paper, I consider and reject one such condition, recently proposed by Caspar Hare.
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  35.  50
    Artefact Kinds: Ontology and the Human-made World.Maarten Franssen, Peter Kroes, Pieter Vermaas & Thomas A. C. Reydon (eds.) - 2013 - Cham: Synthese Library.
    One way to address such questions about artifact kinds is to look for clues in the available literature on parallel questions that have been posed with respect to kinds in the natural domain. Philosophers have long been concerned with the ...
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  36.  34
    From schools to learning environments: the dark side of being exceptional.Maarten Simons & Jan Masschelein - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 42 (3-4):687-704.
    Schools and classrooms, as well as the work place and the Internet, are considered today as learning environments . People are regarded as learners and the main target of school education has become 'learning' pupils and students how to learn. The roles of teachers and lecturers are redefined as instructors, designers of (powerful) learning environments and facilitators or coaches of learning processes. The aim of this paper is to argue that the current self-understanding in terms of learning environments is not (...)
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  37.  61
    The learning society and governmentality: An introduction.Maarten Simons & Jan Masschelein - 2006 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 38 (4):417–430.
    This paper presents an overview of the elements which characterize a research attitude and approach introduced by Michel Foucault and further developed as ?studies of governmentality? into a sub?discipline of the humanities during the past decade, including also applications in the field of education. The paper recalls Foucault's introduction of the notion of ?governmentality? and its relation to the ?mapping of the present? and sketches briefly the way in which the studies of governmentality have been elaborated in general and in (...)
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  38. 1999 european summer meeting of the association for symbolic logic logic colloquium'99.Maarten de Rijke Pauly, Frans Snijders & Yde Venema - 2000 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 6 (1):103.
  39.  78
    Explaining the Ugly: Disharmony and Unrestrained Cognition in Kant.Maarten Steenhagen - 2010 - Estetica 11.
    In arguing for his theory of pure reflective judgments of taste Kant extensively analyses beauty, but almost wholly disregards ugliness. We commonly take ugliness as paradigmatic when we reflect on our negative aesthetic judgments, and so does Kant. Consequently, there ought to be a more explicit story explaining how Kantian judgments of ugliness are possible. In this paper I argue that a disharmony is the key to understanding Kantian ugliness. This way, an answer to the question of ugliness in Kant (...)
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  40. Prove it! The Burden of Proof Game in Science vs. Pseudoscience Disputes.Massimo Pigliucci & Maarten Boudry - 2014 - Philosophia 42 (2):487-502.
    The concept of burden of proof is used in a wide range of discourses, from philosophy to law, science, skepticism, and even in everyday reasoning. This paper provides an analysis of the proper deployment of burden of proof, focusing in particular on skeptical discussions of pseudoscience and the paranormal, where burden of proof assignments are most poignant and relatively clear-cut. We argue that burden of proof is often misapplied or used as a mere rhetorical gambit, with little appreciation of the (...)
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  41.  46
    Externalities in a Bargaining Model of Public Price Announcements and Resale.Maarten Cornet - 2000 - Theory and Decision 49 (4):375-393.
    We study the one-seller/two-buyer bargaining problem with negative identity-dependent externalities with an alternating offer bargaining model in which new owners of the object have the opportunity of resale. We identify the generically unique subgame perfect equilibrium outcome. The resale opportunity increases the competition among the buyers and therefore benefits the seller. When competition between buyers is very fierce, the seller may prefer to respond to bids rather than to propose an offer herself: a first-mover disadvantage.
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  42.  23
    1999 european summer meeting of the association for symbolic logic.Maarten de Rijke Pauly, Frans Snijders & Yde Venema - 2000 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 6 (1):103-137.
  43.  21
    With the Past in Front of the Character: Evidence for Spatial-Temporal Metaphors in Cinema.Maarten Coëgnarts & Peter Kravanja - 2015 - Metaphor and Symbol 30 (3):218-239.
    Cognitive research on Ego-Reference-Point models of time in English traditionally shows that “FUTURE IS IN FRONT OF EGO” and “PAST IS IN BACK OF EGO.” Recently, however, this view has been challenged by other results, showing that there exists a major static model of time wherein “FUTURE IS IN BACK OF EGO” and “PAST IS IN FRONT OF EGO.” However, evidence for both conceptual systems comes predominantly from linguistic and gestural forms of expression. For instance, convincing empirical evidence coming from (...)
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  44.  39
    Uncertainty and Exploration in a Restless Bandit Problem.Maarten Speekenbrink & Emmanouil Konstantinidis - 2015 - Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (2):351-367.
    Decision making in noisy and changing environments requires a fine balance between exploiting knowledge about good courses of action and exploring the environment in order to improve upon this knowledge. We present an experiment on a restless bandit task in which participants made repeated choices between options for which the average rewards changed over time. Comparing a number of computational models of participants’ behavior in this task, we find evidence that a substantial number of them balanced exploration and exploitation by (...)
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  45.  22
    The logic of Peirce algebras.Maarten Rijke - 1995 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 4 (3):227-250.
    Peirce algebras combine sets, relations and various operations linking the two in a unifying setting. This paper offers a modal perspective on Peirce algebras. Using modal logic as a characterization of the full Peirce algebras is given, as well as a finite axiomatization of their equational theory that uses so-called unorthodox derivation rules. In addition, the expressive power of Peirce algebras is analyzed through their connection with first-order logic and the fragment of first-order logic corresponding to Peirce algebras is described (...)
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  46.  10
    ‘With the Risk of Being Called Retrograde’. Racial Classifications and the Attack on the Aryan Myth by Jean-Baptiste d'Omalius d'Halloy.Maarten Couttenier - 2017 - Centaurus 59 (1-2):122-151.
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  47. Utrecht, The Netherlands, August 1–6, 1999.Maarten de Rijke Pauly, Frans Snijders & Yde Venema - 2000 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 6 (1).
     
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  48.  4
    De verhouding tussen geleefd lichaam en lichaam als ding.Maarten Coolen - 2020 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 112 (1):25-31.
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  49.  9
    Politics on the move: The democratic control of the design of sustainable technologies.Maarten A. Hajer - 1995 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 8 (4):26-39.
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  50. Did Cusanus Talk with Muslims? Revisiting Cusanus’ Sources for the Cribratio Alkorani and Interfaith Dialogue.Maarten Halff - 2019 - Revista Española de Filosofía Medieval 26 (1):29-58.
    While Cusanus’ literary sources for his engagement with Islam have been closely studied, questions about possible personal encounters with Muslims, and the role of non-literary sources in developing his concept of interreligious dialogue, remain largely unaddressed. This paper presents original archival research to identify the only person whom Cusanus mentions in the Cribratio Alkorani by name as an oral source about Muslim beliefs – an Italian merchant active in Constantinople at the time of Cusanus’ visit in 1437. In doing so, (...)
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