Results for 'Morten Klemme Nielsen'

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  1.  28
    “What the Patient Would Have Decided”: A Fundamental Problem with the Substituted Judgment Standard. [REVIEW]Linus Broström, Mats Johansson & Morten Klemme Nielsen - 2006 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (3):265-278.
    Decision making for incompetent patients is a much-discussed topic in bioethics. According to one influential decision making standard, the substituted judgment standard, the decision that ought to be made for the incompetent patient is the decision the patient would have made, had he or she been competent. Although the merits of this standard have been extensively debated, some important issues have not been sufficiently explored. One fundamental problem is that the substituted judgment standard, as commonly formulated, is indeterminate in content (...)
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  2. Morten EJ Nielsen, Ed. Political Questions: 5 Questions on Political Philosophy Reviewed By.Christoph Schmidt-Petri - 2008 - Philosophy in Review 28 (5):359-361.
     
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  3.  59
    Women and Employee-Elected Board Members, and Their Contributions to Board Control Tasks.Morten Huse, Sabina Tacheva Nielsen & Inger Marie Hagen - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4):581-597.
    We present results from a study about women and employee-elected board members, and fill some of the gaps in the literature about their contribution to board effectiveness. The empirical data are from a unique data set of Norwegian firms. Board effectiveness is evaluated in relation to board control tasks, including board corporate social responsibility (CSR) involvement. We found that the contributions of women and employee-elected board members varied depending on the board tasks studied. In the article we also explored the (...)
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  4. Safe, Sane, and Consensual—Consent and the Ethics of BDSM.Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2010 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):265-288.
    The article analyses the role and moral force of consent in BDSM (Sado-masochistic and related practice). The view defended accepts consent as a key feature in sexual morality, and explains in detail the relation between consent and autonomy. In brief, it is argued that consent as a genuine extension of personal autonomy both justifies and draws limits to justifiable BDSM-practices: autonomy-undermining practices cannot be justified by appealing to autonomy. The paper discusses in detail the necessary conditions for consent with an (...)
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  5.  26
    The Legal Ethical Backbone of Conscientious Refusal.Christian Munthe & Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2017 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 26 (1):59-68.
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  6.  58
    Luck Egalitarianism, Universal Health Care, and Non-Responsibility-Based Reasons for Responsibilization.Martin Marchman Andersen & Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2015 - Res Publica 21 (2):201-216.
    In recent literature, there has been much debate about whether and how luck egalitarianism, given its focus on personal responsibility, can justify universal health care. In this paper we argue that, whether or not this is so, and in fact whether or not egalitarianism should be sensitive to responsibility at all, the question of personal responsibilization for health is not settled. This is the case because whether or not individuals are responsible for their own health condition is not all that (...)
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  7.  13
    Are Leadership Fairness, Psychological Distress, and Role Stressors Interrelated? A Two-Wave Prospective Study of Forward and Reverse Relationships.Morten B. Nielsen, Jan O. Christensen, Live B. Finne & Stein Knardahl - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  8. A TMS Study of the Ventral Projections From V1 with Implications for the Finding of Neural Correlates of Consciousness.Morten Overgaard, Jorgen Feldbaek Nielsen & Anders Fuglsang-Frederiksen - 2004 - Brain and Cognition 54 (1):58-64.
     
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  9.  20
    Should We Hold the Obese Responsible?: Some Key Issues.Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen & Martin Marchman Andersen - 2014 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (4):443-451.
    It is a common belief that obesity is wholly or partially a question of personal choice and personal responsibility. It is also widely assumed that when individuals are responsible for some unfortunate state of affairs, society bears no burden to compensate them. This article focuses on two conceptualizations of responsibility: backward-looking and forward-looking conceptualizations. When ascertaining responsibility in a backward-looking sense, one has to determine how that state of affairs came into being or where the agent stood in relation to (...)
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  10.  16
    Workplace Bullying and Medically Certified Sickness Absence: Direction of Associations and the Moderating Role of Leader Behavior.Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Anne-Marthe Rustad Indregard, Line Krane & Stein Knardahl - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  11.  25
    Intra-Family Inequality and Justice.Xavier Landes & Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2012 - Dialogue 51 (3):437-466.
    In “The Pecking Order,” Dalton Conley argues that inequalities between siblings are larger than inequalities at the level of the overall society. Our article discusses the normative implications for institutions of this observation. We show that the question of state intervention for curbing intra-family inequality reveals an internal tension within liberalism between autonomy and toleration, which bears on the forms that the intervention of institutions may take. Despite the pros and cons of both commitments, autonomy-based liberalism appears more compatible with (...)
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  12.  22
    Personal Responsibility and Lifestyle Diseases.Martin Marchman Andersen & Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2016 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (5):480-499.
    What does it take for an individual to be personally responsible for behaviors that lead to increased risk of disease? We examine three approaches to responsibility that cover the most important aspects of the discussion of responsibility and spell out what it takes, according to each of them, to be responsible for behaviors leading to increased risk of disease. We show that only what we call the causal approach can adequately accommodate widely shared intuitions to the effect that certain causal (...)
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  13.  30
    Fighting Status Inequalities: Non-Domination Vs Non-Interference.Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen & Xavier Landes - 2016 - Public Health Ethics 9 (2):155-163.
    Status inequalities seem to play a fairly big role in creating inequalities in health. This article assumes that there can be good reasons to fight status inequalities in order to reduce inequalities in health. It examines whether the neorepublican ideal of non-dominance does a better job as a theoretical foil for this as compared to a liberal notion of non-interference. The article concludes that there is a prima facie case for incorporating non-dominance into our thinking about public health, but that (...)
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  14.  32
    Requirement‐Sensitive Legal Moralism: A Critical Assessment.Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2012 - Ratio Juris 25 (4):527-554.
    Requirement‐sensitive legal moralism is a species of legal moralism in which the legitimacy of turning moral into legal demands depends on the existence of a legitimate moral requirement, producing a legitimate social requirement, which can then ground a legitimate legal requirement. Crucially, each step is defeasible by contingent or instrumental, but not intrinsic moral factors. There is no genuinely moral sphere in which the law is not to interfere; only contingent, non‐moral factors can defeat this. Using William A. Edmundson's Three (...)
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  15.  6
    Emotion Regulation in Current and Remitted Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.Endre Visted, Jon Vøllestad, Morten Birkeland Nielsen & Elisabeth Schanche - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  16.  19
    A Conflict Between Representation and Neutrality.Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2010 - Philosophical Papers 39 (1):69-96.
    The nub of the following argument is that there is a conflict between the idea of (liberal) neutrality on the one hand, and an intuitively plausible idea of political representation on the other. The conflict arises when neutrality is seen as a condition for political legitimacy: neutralist political representation is only legitimate insofar as the representative does not advance political ideas based on conceptions of the good that are not endorsed by the whole of the (reasonable) polity. However, we often (...)
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  17.  10
    Multiculturalism and Legal Autonomy for Cultural Minorities.Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2013 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 7 (2).
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  18.  16
    Sin Taxes, Paternalism, and Justifiability to All: Can Paternalistic Taxes Be Justified on a Public Reason‐Sensitive Account?Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen & Jørgen Dejgaard Jensen - 2016 - Journal of Social Philosophy 47 (1):55-69.
  19.  17
    Interior Swelling on the Expansive Effects of Ancestral Interventions in Maputo, Mozambique.Morten Nielsen - 2012 - Common Knowledge 18 (3):433-450.
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  20.  16
    The Duty to Recognize Culture.Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2012 - Cultura 9 (1):215-234.
    Do we have a “duty to recognize culture”? The aim of this paper is to examine the following question: assuming we have reasons to respect or valuerecognition per se, do we on that background also have reasons to recognize culture? More specifically, does “culture” furnish a particular morally relevant fact with pro tanto force, providing the basis for a duty to recognize culture? The paper first examines the concept of recognition and then proceeds to analyze “the recognition thesis”, a general (...)
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  21.  44
    Talking Politics.Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2007 - The Philosophers' Magazine 37 (37):75-78.
    Do we have a “duty to recognize culture”? The aim of this paper is to examine the following question: assuming we have reasons to respect or valuerecognition per se, do we on that background also have reasons to recognize culture? More specifically, does “culture” furnish a particular morally relevant fact with pro tanto force, providing the basis for a duty to recognize culture? The paper first examines the concept of recognition and then proceeds to analyze “the recognition thesis”, a general (...)
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  22.  5
    Limited Neutrality.Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2005 - SATS 6 (1):110-127.
  23. Cultural Rights and Liberal Multiculturalism.Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2006 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 41 (1):51-82.
  24.  4
    Emotional Dissonance and Sickness Absence Among Employees Working With Customers and Clients: A Moderated Mediation Model Via Exhaustion and Human Resource Primacy.Anne-Marthe R. Indregard, Pål Ulleberg, Stein Knardahl & Morten B. Nielsen - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  25.  7
    Outcomes of a Proximal Workplace Intervention Against Workplace Bullying and Harassment: A Protocol for a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial Among Norwegian Industrial Workers.Kari Einarsen, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Jørn Hetland, Olav Kjellevold Olsen, Lena Zahlquist, Eva Gemzøe Mikkelsen, Justine Koløen & Ståle Valvatne Einarsen - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  26.  7
    Intra-Family Inequality and Justice—ERRATUM.Xavier Landes & Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2012 - Dialogue 51 (3):537-537.
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  27.  17
    On Behalf of Perfectionism: A Reply to Pauer-Studer.Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2003 - Philosophical Explorations 6 (1):65-72.
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  28.  3
    Emotional Dissonance, Mental Health Complaints, and Sickness Absence Among Health- and Social Workers. The Moderating Role of Self-Efficacy.Anne-Marthe R. Indregard, Stein Knardahl & Morten B. Nielsen - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  29.  14
    Do Anti-Discrimination Policies Sometimes Imply (Wrongful) Discrimination?: The (Alleged) Asymmetry Between Religious and Secular Clothing.Claus Strue Frederiksen & Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2014 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 28 (1):107-124.
    To claim that companies should not discriminate on the basis of race, gender or religion seems almost as trivial as stating that they should not use forced labor or dump radioactive waste into the local river. Among other things, non-discrimination seems to imply that companies recognize and respect a range of religious preferences, including allowing religious clothing, e.g., by allowing Muslim women to wear headscarves. However, many companies do not believe that employees generally should be allowed to wear the kind (...)
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  30.  32
    Do Anti-Discrimination Policies Sometimes Imply (Wrongful) Discrimination?: The (Alleged) Asymmetry Between Religious and Secular Clothing.Claus Strue Frederiksen & Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2014 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 28 (1):107-124.
    To claim that companies should not discriminate on the basis of race, gender or religion seems almost as trivial as stating that they should not use forced labor or dump radioactive waste into the local river. Among other things, non-discrimination seems to imply that companies recognize and respect a range of religious preferences, including allowing religious clothing, e.g., by allowing Muslim women to wear headscarves. However, many companies do not believe that employees generally should be allowed to wear the kind (...)
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  31.  13
    Bioethics in Denmark: Moving From First- to Second-Order Analysis?Morten Nielsen & Martin Andersen - 2014 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (3):326-333.
    This article examines two current debates in Denmark—assisted suicide and the prioritization of health resources—and proposes that such controversial bioethical issues call for distinct philosophical analyses: first-order examinations, or an applied philosophy approach, and second-order examinations, what might be called a political philosophical approach. The authors argue that although first-order examination plays an important role in teasing out different moral points of view, in contemporary democratic societies, few, if any, bioethical questions can be resolved satisfactorily by means of first-order analyses (...)
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  32.  8
    Bioethics in Denmark.Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen & Martin Marchman Andersen - 2014 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (3):326-333.
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  33.  1
    Come as You Are? Public Reason and Climate Change.Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen & Asbjørn Hauge-Helgestad - forthcoming - Res Publica:1-16.
    The likely adverse effects of climate change call for political action. In this paper, we argue that the public reason framework—with its insistence on justifiability to all reasonable citizens, in spite of their profound disagreements—despite initial misgivings recommends itself as a framework for debate and decisions pertaining to climate change. We address two possible stumbling blocks: the exclusion of non-anthropocentric points of view, and the controversy over intergenerational justice. We argue that public reason can deal with these problems. Moreover, we (...)
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  34.  14
    For the Sake of Argument? Do Deliberative Values Mandate Restriction of Freedom of Speech?Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2011 - SATS 12 (1):60-79.
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  35.  5
    For the Sake of Argument? Do Deliberative Values Mandate Restriction of Freedom of Speech?Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2011 - SATS 12 (1):60-79.
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  36.  7
    Liberalism, Neutrality, and Civil Society.Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2002 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 37 (1):57.
  37. Out of Harm’s Way?Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2004 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 39 (1):49-66.
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  38.  6
    Organizational Prevention and Management Strategies for Workplace Aggression Among Child Protection Workers: A Project Protocol for the Oslo Workplace Aggression Survey.Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Jan Olav Christensen, Jørn Hetland & Live Bakke Finne - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  39. Ross Og Ytringsfriheden.af Morten E. J. Nielsen - 2006 - In Jakob vH Holtermann & Jesper Ryberg (eds.), Alf Ross: Kritiske Gensyn. Jurist- Og Økonomforbundets Forlag.
     
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  40.  24
    Do Interpersonal Conflict, Aggression and Bullying at the Workplace Overlap? A Latent Class Modeling Approach.Guy Notelaers, Beatrice Van der Heijden, Hannes Guenter, Morten Birkeland Nielsen & Ståle Valvetne Einarsen - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  41.  6
    Exposure to Workplace Bullying, Distress, and Insomnia: The Moderating Role of the miR-146a Genotype.Dhaksshaginy Rajalingam, Daniel Pitz Jacobsen, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Ståle Valvatne Einarsen & Johannes Gjerstad - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  42.  4
    An Experimental Study on the Attribution of Personality Traits to Bullies and Targets in a Workplace Setting.Ståle Pallesen, Morten B. Nielsen, Nils Magerøy, Cecilie S. Andreassen & Ståle Einarsen - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  43.  85
    Language Evolution: Consensus and Controversies.Morten H. Christiansen & Simon Kirby - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (7):300-307.
  44. Language as Shaped by the Brain.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):489-509.
    It is widely assumed that human learning and the structure of human languages are intimately related. This relationship is frequently suggested to derive from a language-specific biological endowment, which encodes universal, but communicatively arbitrary, principles of language structure (a Universal Grammar or UG). How might such a UG have evolved? We argue that UG could not have arisen either by biological adaptation or non-adaptationist genetic processes, resulting in a logical problem of language evolution. Specifically, as the processes of language change (...)
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  45.  8
    Klemm, Otto, Dr., Privatdozent. Geschichte der Psychologie.Otto Klemm - 1911 - Kant-Studien 16 (1-3).
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  46. Persistent Disagreement and Polarization in a Bayesian Setting.Michael Nielsen & Rush T. Stewart - 2021 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 72 (1):51-78.
    For two ideally rational agents, does learning a finite amount of shared evidence necessitate agreement? No. But does it at least guard against belief polarization, the case in which their opinions get further apart? No. OK, but are rational agents guaranteed to avoid polarization if they have access to an infinite, increasing stream of shared evidence? No.
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  47.  22
    Implicit Statistical Learning: A Tale of Two Literatures.Morten H. Christiansen - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (3):468-481.
  48.  36
    The Now-or-Never Bottleneck: A Fundamental Constraint on Language.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39:1-52.
    Memory is fleeting. New material rapidly obliterates previous material. How, then, can the brain deal successfully with the continual deluge of linguistic input? We argue that, to deal with this “Now-or-Never” bottleneck, the brain must compress and recode linguistic input as rapidly as possible. This observation has strong implications for the nature of language processing: the language system must “eagerly” recode and compress linguistic input; as the bottleneck recurs at each new representational level, the language system must build a multilevel (...)
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  49.  89
    Metaphilosophy, Pragmatism and a Kind of Critical Theory: Kai Nielsen and Richard Rorty.Kai Nielsen - 2007 - Philosophical Papers 36 (1):119-150.
    Metaphilosophy is itself philosophy about philosophy. It is not something before or independent of philosophy. Both Kai Nielsen and Richard Rorty are deeply concerned (someone might say obsessively preoccupied) with metaphilosophy. They both are thoroughly historicist and contextualist resolutely rejecting any form of a transcendental or metaphysical turn. They argue against claims to absolute validity (as well as against absolutism in any form) and a natural order of reasons: some 'Reason' to which any rational agent must be committed. They (...)
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  50.  80
    Connectionist Psycholinguistics: Capturing the Empirical Data.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (2):82-88.
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