53 found
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  1. Mind, Brain and Adaptation in the Nineteenth Century.Robert M. Young & Nils Roll-Hansen - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
     
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  2. The Lysenko Effect: The Politics of Science.Nils Roll-Hansen - 2006 - Journal of the History of Biology 39 (1):232-234.
  3.  13
    A Historical Perspective on the Distinction Between Basic and Applied Science.Nils Roll-Hansen - 2017 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 48 (4):535-551.
    The traditional distinction between basic and applied science has been much criticized in recent decades. The criticism is based on a combination of historical and systematic epistemic argument. The present paper is mostly concerned with the historical aspect. I argue that the critics impose an understanding at odds with the way the distinction was understood by its supporters in debates on science education and science policy in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. And I show how a distinction that refers to (...)
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  4.  4
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger; Staffan Müller-Wille. The Gene From Genetics to Postgenomics. 147 Pp., Bibl., Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2018. $25 . ISBN 9780226510002. [REVIEW]Nils Roll-Hansen - 2019 - Isis 110 (1):208-209.
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  5.  37
    The Crucial Experiment of Wilhelm Johannsen.Nils Roll-Hansen - 1989 - Biology and Philosophy 4 (3):303-329.
    I call an experiment “crucial” when it makes possible a decisive choice between conflicting hypotheses. Joharmsen's selection for size and weight within pure lines of beans played a central role in the controversy over continuity or discontinuity in hereditary change, often known as the Biometrician-Mendelian controversy. The “crucial” effect of this experiment was not an instantaneous event, but an extended process of repeating similar experiments and discussing possible objections. It took years before Johannsen's claim about the genetic stability of pure (...)
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  6.  28
    Sources of Wilhelm Johannsen's Genotype Theory.Nils Roll-Hansen - 2009 - Journal of the History of Biology 42 (3):457-493.
    This paper describes the historical background and early formation of Wilhelm Johannsen's distinction between genotype and phenotype. It is argued that contrary to a widely accepted interpretation his concepts referred primarily to properties of individual organisms and not to statistical averages. Johannsen's concept of genotype was derived from the idea of species in the tradition of biological systematics from Linnaeus to de Vries: An individual belonged to a group - species, subspecies, elementary species - by representing a certain underlying type. (...)
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  7.  8
    Sources of Wilhelm Johannsen’s Genotype Theory.Nils Roll-Hansen - 2009 - Journal of the History of Biology 42 (3):457-493.
    This paper describes the historical background and early formation of Wilhelm Johannsen's distinction between genotype and phenotype. It is argued that contrary to a widely accepted interpretation his concepts referred primarily to properties of individual organisms and not to statistical averages. Johannsen's concept of genotype was derived from the idea of species in the tradition of biological systematics from Linnaeus to de Vries: An individual belonged to a group - species, subspecies, elementary species - by representing a certain underlying type. (...)
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  8.  25
    Drosophila Genetics: A Reductionist Research Program.Nils Roll-Hansen - 1978 - Journal of the History of Biology 11 (1):159 - 210.
  9.  14
    E. S. Russell and J. H. Woodger: The Failure of Two Twentieth-Century Opponents of Mechanistic Biology.Nils Roll-Hansen - 1984 - Journal of the History of Biology 17 (3):399-428.
  10.  2
    The Genotype Theory of Wilhelm Johannsen and its Relation to Plant Breeding and the Study of Evolution.Nils Roll-Hansen - 1979 - Centaurus 22 (3):201-235.
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  11.  7
    Revisiting the Pouchet–Pasteur Controversy Over Spontaneous Generation: Understanding Experimental Method.Nils Roll-Hansen - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (4):68.
    Louis Pasteur’s defeat of belief in spontaneous generation has been a classical rationalist example of how the experimental approach of modern science can reveal superstition. Farley and Geison told a counter-story of how Pasteur’s success was due to political and ideological support rather than superior experimental science. They claimed that Pasteur violated proper norms of scientific method, and that the French Academy of Science did not see this, or did not want to. Farley and Geison argued that Pouchet’s experiments were (...)
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  12.  25
    Marxist Roots of Science Studies.Nils Roll-Hansen - 2012 - Metascience 21 (3):749-757.
    Marxist roots of science studies Content Type Journal Article Category Essay Review Pages 1-9 DOI 10.1007/s11016-012-9647-4 Authors Nils Roll-Hansen, Institute of Philosophy, University of Oslo, PB 1024 Blindern, 0315 Oslo, Norway Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  13.  78
    Louis Pasteur—a Case Against Reductionist Historiography. [REVIEW]Nils Roll-Hansen - 1972 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 23 (4):347-361.
  14.  8
    Jonathan D. Oldfield; Denis J. B. Shaw. The Development of Russian Environmental Thought: Scientific and Geographical Perspectives on the Natural Environment. Xi + 196 Pp., Illus., Maps, Tables, Bibl., Index. London/New York: Routledge, 2016. £95. [REVIEW]Nils Roll-Hansen - 2017 - Isis 108 (1):209-211.
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  15.  15
    Critical Teleology: Immanuel Kant and Claude Bernard on the Limitations of Experimental Biology.Nils Roll-Hansen - 1976 - Journal of the History of Biology 9 (1):59 - 91.
  16.  3
    Pasteur: An Underestimated Hero of Science An Essay Review.Nils Roll-Hansen - 1998 - Centaurus 40 (1):81-93.
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  17.  32
    On the Reduction of Biology to Physical Science.Nils Roll-Hansen - 1969 - Synthese 20 (2):277 - 289.
  18.  8
    A New Perspective on Lysenko?Nils Roll-Hansen - 1985 - Annals of Science 42 (3):261-278.
    Zhores Medvedev and Mark Popovsky have both drawn attention to the positive response on the part of the scientific community to the early work of Lysenko on the phasic development of plants. This aspect of the Lysenko Affair is explored more fully in this paper. Vavilov's sponsorship of Lysenko is set in the intellectual context of plant physiology circa 1930, and in the political climate of the pressing needs of Russian agriculture at that time. Lysenko's rise was also favoured by (...)
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  19.  18
    Studying Natural Science Without Nature? Reflections on the Realism of so-Called Laboratory Studies.Nils Roll-Hansen - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 29 (1):165-187.
  20.  24
    Johannsen's Criticism of the Chromosome Theory.Nils Roll-Hansen - 2014 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 57 (1):40-56.
    Throughout the history of genetics, the concept of the gene has been a hot topic. Theories of the gene as a coherent structured particle, a large molecule, or part of such molecule, were prominent from the 1920s until well after the discovery of DNA structure and its function in the production of proteins in the 1950s and 1960s. As knowledge of the material basis of heredity advanced, new and more sophisticated definitions were proposed (see, for example, Gerstein et al. 2007; (...)
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  21.  7
    Organicism and Lysenkoism.Nils Roll-Hansen - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 65:30-34.
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  22.  6
    The Progress of Eugenics: Growth of Knowledge and Change in Ideology.Nils Roll-Hansen - 1988 - History of Science 26 (73):295-331.
  23.  2
    Studying Natural Science Without Nature? Reflections on the Realism of so-Called Laboratory Studies.Nils Roll-Hansen - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 29 (1):165-187.
  24.  12
    Eugenics Before World War II: The Case of Norway.Nils Roll-Hansen - 1980 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 2 (2):269 - 298.
    During the first half of the twentieth century there was a marked decline in biological conceptions of man and society. This paper describes the development of the views concerning eugenics held by the Norwegian scientific expertise, from open racism before World War I to a moderate nonracist eugenic program in the 1930's. It is claimed that public criticism of the popular eugenics movement by the experts came earlier in Norway than in most other countries, including the United States. The first (...)
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  25.  22
    Untangling the McClintock Myths.John Beatty, Nicolas Rasmussen & Nils Roll-Hansen - 2002 - Metascience 11 (3):280-298.
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  26.  25
    What Are We to Learn From the History of Eugenics?Nils Roll-Hansen - 2013 - Metascience 22 (2):387-390.
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  27.  14
    Medizin Und Wissenschaftstheorie: Die Geschichte der Wismuttherapie Als Wissenschaftstheoretische Fallstudie by Alfred Reckenfelderbaumer. [REVIEW]Nils Roll-Hansen - 1997 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 88:166-167.
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  28.  2
    Geneticists and the Eugenics Movement in Scandinavia.Nils Roll-Hansen - 1989 - British Journal for the History of Science 22 (3):335-346.
    Two questions will receive special attention in this account, namely the political location of eugenics and the role of genetic science in its development. I will show that moderate eugenic policies had broad political support. For instance, the Scandinavian sterilization laws which were introduced in the 1930s were supported by the Social Democratic Parties, who were partly in position of government. I will argue that the effect of genetic research was to make eugenics more moderate, mainly because the fears and (...)
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  29.  22
    The Current Relevance of Lysenkoism.Nils Roll-Hansen - 2013 - Metascience 22 (3):621-624.
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  30.  16
    The Role of Theory in Experimental Life.Nils Roll-Hansen - 1995 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 26 (4):673-679.
    We consider an electron in a 1 D random adiabatically changing potential. We demonstrate that the positions of the maxima of an electron eigenstate probability density do not move even when the change of the potential is significant. We show that at the same time the main maximum hops by a distance of the order of the size of the system. We present arguments that such hopping of electron localization position happens also in two and three dimensions.
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  31.  9
    Reviews. [REVIEW]Nils Roll-Hansen - 1977 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 28 (3):291-292.
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  32. FARLEY, J.: "The Spontaneous Generation Controversy From Descartes to Oparin". [REVIEW]Nils Roll-Hansen - 1979 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 30:93.
  33.  9
    An Asterisk Denotes a Publication by a Member of the American Catholic Philosophical Association. The Editors Welcome Suggestions for Reviews. Abraham, William J. Crossing the Threshold of Divine Revelation. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2006. Pp. Xiv+ 198. Paper $20.00, ISBN: 0802829589. [REVIEW]Roger Ariew, Donald Cress, David Brakke, Michael L. Satlow, Steven Weitzman, Gunnar Broberg, Nils Roll-Hansen, S. Clark Buckner, Matthew Statler & Peter M. Candler Jr - 2006 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 80 (2).
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  34.  6
    Loren R. Graham. Science, Philosophy, and Human Behaviour in the Soviet Union. New York: Columbia University Press, 1987. Pp. XIV + 565. ISBN 0-231-06442-X. $45.00. [REVIEW]Nils Roll-Hansen - 1988 - British Journal for the History of Science 21 (3):381.
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  35.  10
    Reviews. [REVIEW]Nils Roll-hansen - 1981 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 32 (1):291-292.
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  36.  7
    Finns in the Shadow of the "Aryans": Race Theories and Racism by Aira Kemilainen. [REVIEW]Nils Roll-Hansen - 2000 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 91:327-328.
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  37.  5
    Medizin und Wissenschaftstheorie: Die Geschichte der Wismuttherapie als wissenschaftstheoretische Fallstudie. Alfred Reckenfelderbaumer.Nils Roll-Hansen - 1997 - Isis 88 (1):166-167.
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  38.  5
    Sheila Faith Weiss. The Nazi Symbiosis: Human Genetics and Politics in the Third Reich. 383 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2010. $45. [REVIEW]Nils Roll-Hansen - 2011 - Isis 102 (4):796-797.
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  39.  13
    Lessons From the History of Science.Nils Roll-Hansen - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (3):462-466.
  40.  6
    From Darwin to Hitler: Evolutionary Ethics, Eugenics, and Racism in Germany. [REVIEW]Nils Roll-Hansen - 2005 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 96:669-671.
  41.  5
    The Spell of the North.Nils Roll-Hansen - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (1):227-230.
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  42.  3
    The Role of Theory in Experimental Life.Nils Roll-Hansen - 1995 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 26 (4):673-679.
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  43.  4
    Empire of Knowledge. The Academy of Sciences of the USSR. [REVIEW]Nils Roll-Hansen - 1986 - British Journal for the History of Science 19 (2):222-223.
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  44.  4
    The Emergence of Life on Earth: A Historical and Scientific Overview. [REVIEW]Nils Roll-Hansen - 2005 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 96:258-260.
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  45.  2
    Race Hygiene and National Efficiency: The Eugenics of Wilhelm SchallmayerSheila Faith Weiss.Nils Roll-Hansen - 1989 - Isis 80 (3):550-551.
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  46.  2
    Science, Philosophy, and Human Behaviour in the Soviet Union. [REVIEW]Nils Roll-Hansen - 1988 - British Journal for the History of Science 21 (3):381-382.
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  47.  1
    Alexander Vucinich. Empire of Knowledge. The Academy of Sciences of the USSR . Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984. Pp. X + 484. ISBN 0-520-04871-7. £23.95. [REVIEW]Nils Roll-Hansen - 1986 - British Journal for the History of Science 19 (2):222.
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  48.  1
    Race Hygiene and National Efficiency: The Eugenics of Wilhelm Schallmayer by Sheila Faith Weiss. [REVIEW]Nils Roll-Hansen - 1989 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 80:550-551.
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  49. COLODNY, R. G. : "Logic, Laws and Life". [REVIEW]Nils Roll-Hansen - 1981 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 32:104.
  50. KREBS, H. A. And SHELLEY, J. H. : "The Creative Process in Science and Medicine". [REVIEW]Nils Roll-Hansen - 1977 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 28:291.
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