This category needs an editor. We encourage you to help if you are qualified.
Volunteer, or read more about what this involves.
Related categories

321 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 321
Material to categorize
  1. A Formal Apology for Metaphysics.Sam Baron - forthcoming - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy.
    There is an old meta-philosophical worry: very roughly, metaphysical theories have no observational consequences and so the study of metaphysics has no value. The worry has been around in some form since the rise of logical positivism in the early twentieth century but has seen a bit of a renaissance recently. In this paper, I provide an apology for metaphysics in the face of this kind of concern. The core of the argument is this: pure mathematics detaches from science in (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. How Biology Shapes Philosophy: New Foundations for Naturalism by Livingstone Smith, David (Ed.). [REVIEW]Stephen M. Downes - 2017 - Evolutionary Studies in Imaginative Culture 1:149-152.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. Mathematical Knowledge, the Analytic Method, and Naturalism.Fabio Sterpetti - 2018 - In Sorin Bangu (ed.), Naturalizing Logico-Mathematical Knowledge. Approaches from Philosophy, Psychology and Cognitive Science. New York, Stati Uniti: pp. 268-293.
    This chapter tries to answer the following question: How should we conceive of the method of mathematics, if we take a naturalist stance? The problem arises since mathematical knowledge is regarded as the paradigm of certain knowledge, because mathematics is based on the axiomatic method. Moreover, natural science is deeply mathematized, and science is crucial for any naturalist perspective. But mathematics seems to provide a counterexample both to methodological and ontological naturalism. To face this problem, some authors tried to naturalize (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. Working From Within: The Nature and Development of Quine's Naturalism.Sander Verhaegh - 2018 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    During the past few decades, a radical shift has occurred in how philosophers conceive of the relation between science and philosophy. A great number of analytic philosophers have adopted what is commonly called a ‘naturalistic’ approach, arguing that their inquiries ought to be in some sense continuous with science. Where early analytic philosophers often relied on a sharp distinction between science and philosophy—the former an empirical discipline concerned with fact, the latter an a priori discipline concerned with meaning—philosophers today largely (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. Setting Sail: The Development and Reception of Quine’s Naturalism.Sander Verhaegh - 2018 - Philosophers' Imprint 18 (19):1-24.
    Contemporary analytic philosophy is dominated by metaphilosophical naturalism, the view that philosophy ought to be continuous with science. This naturalistic turn is for a significant part due to the work of W. V. Quine. Yet, the development and the reception of Quine’s naturalism have never been systematically studied. In this paper, I examine Quine’s evolving naturalism as well as the reception of his views. Scrutinizing a large set of unpublished notes, correspondence, drafts, papers, and lectures as well as published responses (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. Carnap, Quine, and Putnam on Methods of Inquiry. [REVIEW]Sander Verhaegh - 2017 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews:1-9.
  7. Mathematical Knowledge and Naturalism.Fabio Sterpetti - forthcoming - Philosophia:1-23.
    How should one conceive of the method of mathematics, if one takes a naturalist stance? Mathematical knowledge is regarded as the paradigm of certain knowledge, since mathematics is based on the axiomatic method. Natural science is deeply mathematized, and science is crucial for any naturalist perspective. But mathematics seems to provide a counterexample both to methodological and ontological naturalism. To face this problem, some naturalists try to naturalize mathematics relying on Darwinism. But several difficulties arise when one tries to naturalize (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8. Sign and Object : Quine’s Forgotten Book Project.Sander Verhaegh - forthcoming - Synthese:1-22.
    W. V. Quine’s first philosophical monograph, Word and Object, is widely recognized as one of the most influential books of twentieth century philosophy. Notes, letters, and draft manuscripts at the Quine Archives, however, reveal that Quine was already working on a philosophical book in the early 1940s; a project entitled Sign and Object. In this paper, I examine these and other unpublished documents and show that Sign and Object sheds new light on the evolution of Quine’s ideas. Where “Two Dogmas (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. Wittgensteinian 'Therapy', Experimental Philosophy, and Metaphilosophical Naturalism.Eugen Fischer - 2018 - In Kevin Cahill & Thomas Raleigh (eds.), Wittgenstein and Naturalism. New York, USA: Routledge. pp. 260-286.
    An important strand of current experimental philosophy promotes a new kind of methodological naturalism. This chapter argues that this new ‘metaphilosophical naturalism’ is fundamentally consistent with key tenets of Wittgenstein’s metaphilosophy, and can provide empirical foundations for therapeutic conceptions of philosophy. Metaphilosophical naturalism invites us to contribute to the resolution of philosophical problems about X by turning to scientific findings about the way we think about X – in general or when doing philosophy. This new naturalism encourages us to use (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. Quine on the Nature of Naturalism.Sander Verhaegh - 2017 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 55 (1):96-115.
    Quine's metaphilosophical naturalism is often dismissed as overly “scientistic.” Many contemporary naturalists reject Quine's idea that epistemology should become a “chapter of psychology” and urge for a more “liberal,” “pluralistic,” and/or “open-minded” naturalism instead. Still, whenever Quine explicitly reflects on the nature of his naturalism, he always insists that his position is modest and that he does not “think of philosophy as part of natural science”. Analyzing this tension, Susan Haack has argued that Quine's naturalism contains a “deep-seated and significant (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  11. Well-Ordered Philosophy? Reflections on Kitcher's Proposal for a Renewal of Philosophy.E.-M. Jung & Marie I. Kaiser - 2013 - In Marie I. Kaiser & A. Seide (eds.), Philip Kitcher – Pragmatic Naturalism. Frankfurt/Main, Germany: ontos. pp. 161-174.
    In his recent article Philosophy Inside Out, Philip Kitcher presents a metaphilosophical outlook that aims at nothing less than a renewal of philosophy. His idea is to draw philosophers’ attention away from “timeless questions” in the so-called “core areas” of philosophy. Instead, philosophers should address questions that matter to human lives. The aim of this paper is twofold: first, to reconstruct Kitcher’s view of how philosophy should be renewed; second, to point out some difficulties relating to his position. These difficulties (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12. Reductive Explanation in the Biological Sciences.Kaiser Marie I. - 2015 - Cham: Springer.
    Back cover: This book develops a philosophical account that reveals the major characteristics that make an explanation in the life sciences reductive and distinguish them from non-reductive explanations. Understanding what reductive explanations are enables one to assess the conditions under which reductive explanations are adequate and thus enhances debates about explanatory reductionism. The account of reductive explanation presented in this book has three major characteristics. First, it emerges from a critical reconstruction of the explanatory practice of the life sciences itself. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. Fifty Years of Quine’s Two Dogmas.Hans-Johann Glock, Kathrin Gluer & Geert Keil - 2003 - Amsterdam: Rodopi.
    W. V. Quine’s “Two Dogmas of Empiricism”, first published in 1951, is one of the most influential articles in the history of analytic philosophy. It does not just question central semantic and epistemological views of logical positivism and early analytic philosophy, it also marks a momentous challenge to the ideas that conceptual analysis is a main task of philosophy and that philosophy is an a priori discipline which differs in principle from the empirical sciences. These ideas dominated early analytic philosophy, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. Naturalism and Subjectivity: A Philosophical Analysis.K. Berk - unknown
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. A Plea for Naturalism in Ethics.Ulrich Steinvorth - 1983 - der 16. Weltkongress Für Philosophie 2:1274-1281.
    The paper reformulates empirical naturalism by 4 theses, points out a Popperian trend to its resuscitation, argues for its central thesis by rejecting formal objections that the good cannot be defined by any, any descriptive, or any empirical, concept, and material objections that the good is something different from happiness, esp, that it is justice, and conjectures about a motive for rejecting naturalism.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. Human Uniqueness and the Pursuit of Knowledge: A Naturalistic Account.Tim Crane - 2014 - In Bana Bashour (ed.), Contemporary Philosophical Naturalism. London: Routledge. pp. 139-54.
    Despite the widespread acceptance of naturalism in many of the human sciences, discussions of the extent to which human beings are ‘unique’ are still common among philosophers and scientists. Cognitive ethologists and comparative psychologists often defend a standard view of this question by quoting Darwin’s famous claims in The Descent of Man that ‘there is no fundamental difference between man and the higher mammals in their mental faculties’ and that all the differences are ‘differences of degree, not of kind’ (Darwin (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17. Naturalism.Otis Lee, James Bissett Pratt & Daniel S. Robinson - 1940 - Philosophical Review 49 (6):691.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. Canberra Plan.Nolan Daniel - 2010 - A Companion to Philosophy in Australia and New Zealand.
  19. Ethical Non-Naturalism.Jonathan Dancy - unknown
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  20. 21. Naturalism.Daniel Goldstick - 2009 - In Reason, Truth and Reality. University of Toronto Press. pp. 218-223.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. 8. Naturalism.Daniel Goldstick - 2009 - In Reason, Truth and Reality. University of Toronto Press. pp. 89-103.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. Naturalism, Minimalism, and the Scope of Nietzsche's Philosophical Psychology.Paul Katsafanas - 2016 - In Kristin Gjesdal (ed.), Debates in Nineteenth-Century European Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 326-338.
    Bernard Williams’ “Nietzsche’s Minimalist Moral Psychology”, replete with provocative and insightful claims, has been extremely influential in Nietzsche scholarship. In the two decades since its publication, much of the most interesting and philosophically sophisticated work on Nietzsche has focused on exactly the topics that Williams addresses: Nietzsche’s moral psychology, his account of action, his naturalistic commitments, and the way in which these topics interact with his critique of traditional morality. While Williams’ pronouncements on these topics are brief and at times (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. What a Naturalist Theory of Illness Should Be.Thomas Schramme - 2016 - In Elodie Giroux (ed.), Naturalism in Philosophy of Health: Issues and Implications. Springer.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. How Successful is Naturalism?Michael C. Rea - 2007 - In Georg Gasser (ed.), How Successful is Naturalism? Ontos-Verlag. pp. 105-116.
    The question raised by this volume is “How successful is naturalism?” The question presupposes that we already know what naturalism is and what counts as success. But, as anyone familiar with the literature on naturalism knows, both suppositions are suspect. To answer the question, then, we must first say what we mean in this context by both ‘naturalism’ and ‘success’. I’ll start with ‘success’. I will then argue that, by the standard of measurement that I shall identify here, naturalism is (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25. Analytic Philosophy Without Naturalism.Sergio Galvan, Antonella Corradini & Jonathan Lowe - unknown
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. Free Will as an Open Scientific Problem.Mark Balaguer - 2009 - Bradford.
    In this largely antimetaphysical treatment of free will and determinism, Mark Balaguer argues that the philosophical problem of free will boils down to an open scientific question about the causal histories of certain kinds of neural events. In the course of his argument, Balaguer provides a naturalistic defense of the libertarian view of free will. The metaphysical component of the problem of free will, Balaguer argues, essentially boils down to the question of whether humans possess libertarian free will. Furthermore, he (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  27. Ethical Naturalism: Current Debates.Susana Nuccetelli & Gary Seay (eds.) - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Ethical naturalism is narrowly construed as the doctrine that there are moral properties and facts, at least some of which are natural properties and facts. Perhaps owing to its having faced, early on, intuitively forceful objections by eliminativists and non-naturalists, ethical naturalism has only recently become a central player in the debates about the status of moral properties and facts which have occupied philosophers over the last century. It has now become a driving force in those debates, one with sufficient (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. A Philosopher in the Lab. Carl Stumpf on Philosophy and Experimental Sciences.Riccardo Martinelli - 2015 - Philosophia Scientiæ 19:23-43.
    This essay addresses the interrelations between philosophy and experimental sciences that lie at the heart of Carl Stumpf’s epistemology. Following a biographical exposé demonstrating how Stumpf succeeded in acquiring a dual competence in both philosophical and scientific fields, we examine the vast array of academic disciplines encompassed by his research. Such a biographical treatment aims, indeed, to better promote the thrust of Stumpf’s assertion that philosophical enquiries should always be carried out in close connection with scientific practices, and underlines how (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. Naturalism and the Human Condition: Against Scientism.Frederick A. Olafson - 2001 - Routledge.
    _Naturalism and the Human Condition_ is a compelling account of why naturalism, or the 'scientific world-view' cannot provide a full account of who and what we are as human beings. Drawing on sources including Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, Husserl and Sartre, Olafson exposes the limits of naturalism and stresses the importance of serious philosophical investigation of human nature.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. Analytic Philosophy Without Naturalism.Antonella Corradini, Sergio Galvan & E. J. Lowe (eds.) - 2005 - Routledge.
    In recent years numerous attempts have been made by analytic philosophers to _naturalize _various different domains of philosophical inquiry. All of these attempts have had the common goal of rendering these areas of philosophy amenable to empirical methods, with the intention of securing for them the supposedly objective status and broad intellectual appeal currently associated with such approaches. This volume brings together internationally recognised analytic philosophers, including Alvin Plantinga, Peter van Inwagen and Robert Audi, to question the project of naturalism. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. Naturalismus.Geert Keil & Herbert Schnädelbach - 2000 - In Geert Keil & Herbert Schnädelbach (eds.), Naturalismus. Suhrkamp. pp. 7-45.
    Survey article which introduces a collection of essays on philosophical naturalism, mainly dealing with the question what “naturalism” means in contemporary philosophy. Structure of the article: 1. History of Ideas/History of the Problems, 2. Man as a Part of Nature, 3. The Explanatory Primacy of the Natural Sciences, 4. Naturalism and Unity of Science, 5. The Consideration of Empirical Knowledge, 6. Naturalism, Science and Common Sense.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. Real Naturalism.Galen Strawson - 2012 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 86 (2).
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  33. Experimental Philosophy and Naturalism.Bence Nanay - 2015 - In E. Fischer & J. Collins (eds.), Experimental Philosophy, Rationalism and Naturalism. Rethinking Philosophical Method. Routledge. pp. 222-239.
    The aim of this paper is to argue that there has been some mismatch between the naturalist rhetoric of experimental philosophy and its actual practice: experimental philosophy is not necessarily, and not even paradigmatically, a naturalistic enterprise. To substantiate this claim, a case study is given for what genuinely naturalist experimental philosophy would look like.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. Naturalised Modal Epistemology.Daniel Nolan - 2017 - In R. Fischer & F. Leon (eds.), Modal Epistemology After Rationalism. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer. pp. 7-27.
    The philosophy of necessity and possibility has flourished in the last half-century, but much less attention has been paid to the question of how we know what can be the case and what must be the case. Many friends of modal metaphysics and many enemies of modal metaphysics have agreed that while empirical discoveries can tell us what is the case, they cannot shed much light on what must be the case or on what non-actual possibilities there are. In this (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. Neo-Aristotelian Naturalism and the Indeterminacy Objection.Scott Woodcock - 2015 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 23 (1):20-41.
    Philippa Foot’s virtue ethics remains an intriguing but divisive position in normative ethics. For some, the promise of grounding human virtue in natural facts is a useful method of establishing normative content. For others, the natural facts on which the virtues are established appear naively uninformed when it comes to the empirical details of our species. In response to this criticism, a new cohort of neo-Aristotelians like John Hacker-Wright attempt to defend Foot by reminding critics that the facts at stake (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. Kritik des Naturalismus.Geert Keil - 1993 - de Gruyter.
    Thema der Arbeit ist die Frage, ob eine naturalistische Revolutionierung unseres Selbstverständnisses sprachlich möglich ist. Nach der sprachlichen Möglichkeit wird gefragt, weil nach dem linguistic turn kein Naturalisierungsprogramm ohne den Anspruch auskommt, dass eine Reduktion, Elimination oder Uminterpretation bestimmter Diskurse über den Menschen möglich sei: Die Diskurse über den Menschen sollen an den naturalistischen Diskurs assimiliert werden. Wodurch dieser sich auszeichnet, ist nicht einfach zu bestimmen, doch ist die Intuition nicht von der Hand zu weisen, dass wir über Erfahrungen, die (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  37. Paroxysm Interviews with Philippe Petit.Jean Baudrillard & Philippe Petit - 1998
  38. Science, Religion, and Naturalism: Metaphysical and Methodological Incompatibilities.Marin Mahner - 2014 - In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer. pp. 1793-1835.
    The debate about the relationship between science and religion shows no sign of abatement. Are science and religion in conflict? Are they just different? Or are they even complementary ways of approaching the world? This chapter examines the major arguments for and against the conflict thesis, focusing on the role of naturalism in science. It argues that both science and religion are epistemic fields, trying to come up with true knowledge of the world. In this sense they do have partly (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. RVING'S Science and Values. [REVIEW]Mcgill Mcgill - 1953 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 14:121.
  40. Moral Realism: Best Explanation Arguments and Conceptual Analysis.Michael Yaziji - 1995 - Dissertation, University of California, Santa Barbara
    A critical analysis of skeptical and anti-skeptical arguments concerning the ontological and epistemological status of supervening moral properties. ;First, an evaluation of the possibility of moral properties playing a role in best explanations of observable phenomena. This is followed by an examination of the actualization of this possibility. This involves some analysis of the causal efficacy of supervening properties as well as the development of what counts as relevant data in a best explanation argument. ;Second, an examination of the use (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. Moral Properties: Foundation of the Metaphysics of Morals.James Carl Klagge - 1983 - Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles
    I formulate and defend a realist theory of the truth of moral judgements according to which moral properties are synthetically but necessarily determined by natural properties of people, actions, or states of affairs. This view can be found in Moore's later ethical writings. The view reconciles two apparently conflicting intuitions: Moral properties supervene upon natural properties, but judgements about moral properties are generally not entailed by any judgements about natural properties. The view is realist in the sense that moral judgements (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. Scientism: Philosophy and the Infatuation with Science. [REVIEW]Gary Kitchen - 1992 - Radical Philosophy 61.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. Some Main Principles of Naturalism.Lester Joseph Reiss - 1967 - Dissertation, Boston University Graduate School
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. The Open Question as a Linguistic Test.Frank Snare - 1975 - Ratio (Misc.) 17 (1):122.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  45. The Ontological Status of Ethics.Bindu Madhok - 1991 - Dissertation, Brown University
    In this dissertation I defend a particular naturalistic view in meta-ethics which is a kind of meta-ethical soft realism. The main features of such a view are as follows. ;On my view, moral properties are to be understood as dispositional properties which supervene upon the natural properties of the objects or states of affairs on the one hand, and on the psychological properties of the human subjects on the other. Such a dispositional account of moral properties emphasizes both the subjective (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. Ethical Naturalism.James Andrew Ryan - 1996 - Dissertation, University of Miami
    The dissertation is an explanation and evaluation of ethical naturalism in its several senses. In Chapter Two, four senses of ethical naturalism are delimited as follows: definitional naturalism, according to which moral terms may be defined with non-evaluative, natural terms; synthetic naturalism, according to which moral properties may be identified with, though not definitionally reduced to, non-evaluative, natural properties; motivational naturalism, according to which motivation to act morally is a natural desire; and methodological naturalism, according to which moral philosophy may (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. Reflective Naturalism an Introduction to Moral Philosophy.V. C. PUNZO - 1969 - Macmillan.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. Some Dilemmas of Naturalism. [REVIEW]R. D. K. - 1960 - Review of Metaphysics 14 (1):170-170.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. The Quest for Being. [REVIEW]J. B. R. - 1961 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (1):192-192.
  50. Ethical Properties as Resultant Qualities: Or, the Naturalism of W.D. Ross.Gianfranco Pellegrino - 2006 - Philosophical Writings 33 (3).
    The main claim of this paper is that, contrary to the received view, Ross’ doctrine of resultance does not provide a premise in favour of non-naturalism, but rather makes possible a viable form of non-reductionist naturalism. This is argued mainly by viewing resultance as constitution, where resultant properties are constituted by those natural properties from which they result. Accordingly, resultant properties and their constitutive properties can be viewed as placed in the same ontological realm. However, to rule out reductionism, constitution (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 321