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Applied Ethics

Assistant editor: Emma Ryman (University of Western Ontario)
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  1. added 2015-04-19
    Lillian Lillemoen & Reidar Pedersen (2015). Ethics Reflection Groups in Community Health Services: An Evaluation Study. BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):25.
    Systematic ethics support in community health services in Norway is in the initial phase. There are few evaluation studies about the significance of ethics reflection on care. The aim of this study was to evaluate systematic ethics reflection in groups in community health , - from the perspectives of employees participating in the groups, the group facilitators and the service managers. The reflection groups were implemented as part of a research and development project.
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  2. added 2015-04-19
    N. Cugueró-Escofet & J. M. Rosanas (2012). Justice as a Crucial Formal and Informal Element of Management Control Systems. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):155.
    Management control systems include justice implicitly, as they believe that the market provides what is just or not through the market value. Psychological literature has deemed that people can perceive which procedures and decisions are just or not. In this paper, we argue that management control systems need to include justice criteria explicitly, beyond mere market value, in both their design and use . This will increase the probability that organizational members will collaborate to achieve organizational goals.
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  3. added 2015-04-19
    A. Argandoña, N. Bilbeny, V. Camps, M. Calsina, Castiñeira À, C. Palazzi, F. Requejo, R. Ribera, B. Román, F. Sàez, M. Seguró, F. Torralba, Vallès Jm & R. Thomas (2012). Code of Ethics for Politicians. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):9.
    Antonio Argandoña, Norbert Bilbeny, Victòria Camps, Miquel Calsina, Àngel Castiñeira, Cristian Palazzi, Ferran Requejo, Raimon Ribera, Begoña Román, Ferran Sàez, Miquel Seguró, Francesc Torralba, Josep Maria Vallès, Rosamund Thomas Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 2012 3:9-16.
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  4. added 2015-04-19
    Ballarín Jm, Marín Fx & A. J. Navarro (2012). Knowledge and Acknowledgement: Concept of Alterity as a Tool for Social Interaction. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):135.
    Human beings inhabit a symbolic reality that articulates meaning. This is culture understood as a web of meanings that actually builds our identity by providing guidance in the complexity of our environment. It is the complex interplay between identity and alterity, between interiority and exteriority, between familiarity and strangeness. Worldviews set up borders that delimit one's own world and others' ground by establishing stereotypes and prejudices. This article presents the results of a research project on prejudices towards the other in (...)
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  5. added 2015-04-19
    D. Murillo & S. Vallentin (2012). CSR, SMES and Social Capital: An Empirical Study and Conceptual Reflection. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):17.
    This paper is a response to the opening of new lines of research on CSR and SMEs . It seeks to explore the business case for CSR in this corporate segment. The paper, which is based on four case studies of medium-sized firms in the automotive sector, took the distinctive approach of trying to understand the nature of CSR-like activities developed not by best-in-class CSR-driven companies but by purely competitiveness-driven firms. The case studies provide explicit evidence that the CSR activities (...)
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  6. added 2015-04-18
    Keith Syrett (forthcoming). Comment on Jennings, ‘Right Relation and Right Recognition in Public Health Ethics: Thinking Through the Republic of Health. Public Health Ethics:phv009.
    This paper offers a brief comment on Jennings’ preceding paper, focusing on the capacity of a republican approach to public health ethics to facilitate reconceptualization of the right to health in situations of limited resources through a relational reading.
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  7. added 2015-04-18
    Michael G. Head, Stephen L. Walker, Ananth Nalabanda, Jennifer Bostock & Jackie A. Cassell (forthcoming). Researching Scabies Outbreaks Among People in Residential Care and Lacking Capacity to Consent: A Case Study. Public Health Ethics:phv011.
    Infectious disease outbreaks in residential care are complex to manage and difficult to control. Research in this setting that includes individuals who lack capacity must conform to national legislation . We report here on our study that is investigating outbreaks of scabies, an itchy skin infection, in the residential care setting in the southeast of England. There appears to be a gap in legislative advice regarding the inclusion of people who lack capacity in research that takes place during time-limited acute (...)
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  8. added 2015-04-18
    Tom Koch (forthcoming). On Tristram Engelhardt. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy:jhv005.
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  9. added 2015-04-18
    Sabine Salloch, Sebastian Wäscher, Jochen Vollmann & Jan Schildmann (2015). The Normative Background of Empirical-Ethical Research: First Steps Towards a Transparent and Reasoned Approach in the Selection of an Ethical Theory. BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):20.
    Empirical-ethical research constitutes a relatively new field which integrates socio-empirical research and normative analysis. As direct inferences from descriptive data to normative conclusions are problematic, an ethical framework is needed to determine the relevance of the empirical data for normative argument. While issues of normative-empirical collaboration and questions of empirical methodology have been widely discussed in the literature, the normative methodology of empirical-ethical research has seldom been addressed. Based on our own research experience, we discuss one aspect of this normative (...)
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  10. added 2015-04-18
    David Owen & Graham Smith (2015). Survey Article: Deliberation, Democracy, and the Systemic Turn. Journal of Political Philosophy 23 (1):n/a-n/a.
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  11. added 2015-04-18
    N. Cugueró-Escofet & J. M. Rosanas (2012). Justice as a Crucial Formal and Informal Element of Management Control Systems. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):155.
    Management control systems include justice implicitly, as they believe that the market provides what is just or not through the market value. Psychological literature has deemed that people can perceive which procedures and decisions are just or not. In this paper, we argue that management control systems need to include justice criteria explicitly, beyond mere market value, in both their design and use . This will increase the probability that organizational members will collaborate to achieve organizational goals.
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  12. added 2015-04-18
    A. Argandoña, N. Bilbeny, V. Camps, M. Calsina, Castiñeira À, C. Palazzi, F. Requejo, R. Ribera, B. Román, F. Sàez, M. Seguró, F. Torralba, Vallès Jm & R. Thomas (2012). Code of Ethics for Politicians. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):9.
    Antonio Argandoña, Norbert Bilbeny, Victòria Camps, Miquel Calsina, Àngel Castiñeira, Cristian Palazzi, Ferran Requejo, Raimon Ribera, Begoña Román, Ferran Sàez, Miquel Seguró, Francesc Torralba, Josep Maria Vallès, Rosamund Thomas Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 2012 3:9-16.
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  13. added 2015-04-18
    Ballarín Jm, Marín Fx & A. J. Navarro (2012). Knowledge and Acknowledgement: Concept of Alterity as a Tool for Social Interaction. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):135.
    Human beings inhabit a symbolic reality that articulates meaning. This is culture understood as a web of meanings that actually builds our identity by providing guidance in the complexity of our environment. It is the complex interplay between identity and alterity, between interiority and exteriority, between familiarity and strangeness. Worldviews set up borders that delimit one's own world and others' ground by establishing stereotypes and prejudices. This article presents the results of a research project on prejudices towards the other in (...)
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  14. added 2015-04-18
    D. Murillo & S. Vallentin (2012). CSR, SMES and Social Capital: An Empirical Study and Conceptual Reflection. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):17.
    This paper is a response to the opening of new lines of research on CSR and SMEs . It seeks to explore the business case for CSR in this corporate segment. The paper, which is based on four case studies of medium-sized firms in the automotive sector, took the distinctive approach of trying to understand the nature of CSR-like activities developed not by best-in-class CSR-driven companies but by purely competitiveness-driven firms. The case studies provide explicit evidence that the CSR activities (...)
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  15. added 2015-04-17
    Joanna Coast & Richard D. Smith (forthcoming). Distributional Considerations in Economic Responses to Antimicrobial Resistance. Public Health Ethics:phv004.
    Antimicrobial resistance is a major and increasing problem globally. Economics has engaged with this issue increasingly over the last 20 years. Much of this concerns assessments of the cost of various forms of resistance, but it also includes economic analyses of interventions and policies designed to contain resistance. Analysis has, however, thus far largely neglected possible distributional issues associated with such interventions and analysis. The article explores three normative bases for the conduct of economic analysis: welfarism; extra-welfarism focused on health (...)
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  16. added 2015-04-17
    Mark Coeckelbergh, Cristina Pop, Ramona Simut, Andreea Peca, Sebastian Pintea, Daniel David & Bram Vanderborght (forthcoming). A Survey of Expectations About the Role of Robots in Robot-Assisted Therapy for Children with ASD: Ethical Acceptability, Trust, Sociability, Appearance, and Attachment. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    The use of robots in therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder raises issues concerning the ethical and social acceptability of this technology and, more generally, about human–robot interaction. However, usually philosophical papers on the ethics of human–robot-interaction do not take into account stakeholders’ views; yet it is important to involve stakeholders in order to render the research responsive to concerns within the autism and autism therapy community. To support responsible research and innovation in this field, this paper identifies a (...)
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  17. added 2015-04-17
    Susan Schweik & Robert A. Wilson, Ugly Laws. Eugenics Archives.
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  18. added 2015-04-17
    N. Cugueró-Escofet & J. M. Rosanas (2012). Justice as a Crucial Formal and Informal Element of Management Control Systems. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):155.
    Management control systems include justice implicitly, as they believe that the market provides what is just or not through the market value. Psychological literature has deemed that people can perceive which procedures and decisions are just or not. In this paper, we argue that management control systems need to include justice criteria explicitly, beyond mere market value, in both their design and use . This will increase the probability that organizational members will collaborate to achieve organizational goals.
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  19. added 2015-04-17
    A. Argandoña, N. Bilbeny, V. Camps, M. Calsina, Castiñeira À, C. Palazzi, F. Requejo, R. Ribera, B. Román, F. Sàez, M. Seguró, F. Torralba, Vallès Jm & R. Thomas (2012). Code of Ethics for Politicians. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):9.
    Antonio Argandoña, Norbert Bilbeny, Victòria Camps, Miquel Calsina, Àngel Castiñeira, Cristian Palazzi, Ferran Requejo, Raimon Ribera, Begoña Román, Ferran Sàez, Miquel Seguró, Francesc Torralba, Josep Maria Vallès, Rosamund Thomas Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 2012 3:9-16.
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  20. added 2015-04-17
    Ballarín Jm, Marín Fx & A. J. Navarro (2012). Knowledge and Acknowledgement: Concept of Alterity as a Tool for Social Interaction. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):135.
    Human beings inhabit a symbolic reality that articulates meaning. This is culture understood as a web of meanings that actually builds our identity by providing guidance in the complexity of our environment. It is the complex interplay between identity and alterity, between interiority and exteriority, between familiarity and strangeness. Worldviews set up borders that delimit one's own world and others' ground by establishing stereotypes and prejudices. This article presents the results of a research project on prejudices towards the other in (...)
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  21. added 2015-04-17
    D. Murillo & S. Vallentin (2012). CSR, SMES and Social Capital: An Empirical Study and Conceptual Reflection. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):17.
    This paper is a response to the opening of new lines of research on CSR and SMEs . It seeks to explore the business case for CSR in this corporate segment. The paper, which is based on four case studies of medium-sized firms in the automotive sector, took the distinctive approach of trying to understand the nature of CSR-like activities developed not by best-in-class CSR-driven companies but by purely competitiveness-driven firms. The case studies provide explicit evidence that the CSR activities (...)
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  22. added 2015-04-16
    Cheryl C. Macpherson & Muge Akpinar-Elci (forthcoming). Caribbean Heat Threatens Health, Well-Being and the Future of Humanity. Public Health Ethics:phv008.
    Climate change has substantial impacts on public health and safety, disease risks and the provision of health care, with the poor being particularly disadvantaged. Management of the associated health risks and changing health service requirements requires adequate responses at local levels. Health-care providers are central to these responses. While climate change raises ethical questions about its causes, impacts and social justice, medicine and bioethics typically focus on individual patients and research participants rather than these broader issues. We broaden this focus (...)
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  23. added 2015-04-16
    John Danaher (forthcoming). The Epistemic Costs of Superintelligence: Bostrom's Treacherous Turn and Sceptical Theism. Minds and Machines.
    An advanced artificial intelligence (a “superintelligence”) could pose a significant existential risk to humanity. Several research institutes have been set-up to address those risks. And there is an increasing number of academic publications analysing and evaluating their seriousness. Nick Bostrom’s Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies represents the apotheosis of this trend. In this article, I argue that in defending the credibility of AI risk, Bostrom makes an epistemic move that is analogous to one made by so-called sceptical theists in the debate (...)
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  24. added 2015-04-16
    Nancy M. P. King (forthcoming). The Importance of Amicable and Productive Disagreement. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy:jhv004.
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  25. added 2015-04-16
    Andreas Albertsen (forthcoming). Tough Luck and Tough Choices: Applying Luck Egalitarianism to Oral Health. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy:jhv001.
    Luck egalitarianism is often taken to task for its alleged harsh implications. For example, it may seem to imply a policy of nonassistance toward uninsured reckless drivers who suffer injuries. Luck egalitarians respond to such objections partly by pointing to a number of factors pertaining to the cases being debated, which suggests that their stance is less inattentive to the plight of the victims than it might seem at first. However, the strategy leaves some cases in which the attribution of (...)
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  26. added 2015-04-16
    Jonathan Hughes (2012). Theory of Professional Standards and Ethical Policing. In Allyson Macvean, Peter Spindler & Charlotte Solf (eds.), Handbook of Policing, Ethics and Professional Standards. Routledge.
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  27. added 2015-04-16
    N. Cugueró-Escofet & J. M. Rosanas (2012). Justice as a Crucial Formal and Informal Element of Management Control Systems. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):155.
    Management control systems include justice implicitly, as they believe that the market provides what is just or not through the market value. Psychological literature has deemed that people can perceive which procedures and decisions are just or not. In this paper, we argue that management control systems need to include justice criteria explicitly, beyond mere market value, in both their design and use . This will increase the probability that organizational members will collaborate to achieve organizational goals.
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  28. added 2015-04-16
    A. Argandoña, N. Bilbeny, V. Camps, M. Calsina, Castiñeira À, C. Palazzi, F. Requejo, R. Ribera, B. Román, F. Sàez, M. Seguró, F. Torralba, Vallès Jm & R. Thomas (2012). Code of Ethics for Politicians. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):9.
    Antonio Argandoña, Norbert Bilbeny, Victòria Camps, Miquel Calsina, Àngel Castiñeira, Cristian Palazzi, Ferran Requejo, Raimon Ribera, Begoña Román, Ferran Sàez, Miquel Seguró, Francesc Torralba, Josep Maria Vallès, Rosamund Thomas Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 2012 3:9-16.
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  29. added 2015-04-16
    Ballarín Jm, Marín Fx & A. J. Navarro (2012). Knowledge and Acknowledgement: Concept of Alterity as a Tool for Social Interaction. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):135.
    Human beings inhabit a symbolic reality that articulates meaning. This is culture understood as a web of meanings that actually builds our identity by providing guidance in the complexity of our environment. It is the complex interplay between identity and alterity, between interiority and exteriority, between familiarity and strangeness. Worldviews set up borders that delimit one's own world and others' ground by establishing stereotypes and prejudices. This article presents the results of a research project on prejudices towards the other in (...)
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  30. added 2015-04-16
    D. Murillo & S. Vallentin (2012). CSR, SMES and Social Capital: An Empirical Study and Conceptual Reflection. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):17.
    This paper is a response to the opening of new lines of research on CSR and SMEs . It seeks to explore the business case for CSR in this corporate segment. The paper, which is based on four case studies of medium-sized firms in the automotive sector, took the distinctive approach of trying to understand the nature of CSR-like activities developed not by best-in-class CSR-driven companies but by purely competitiveness-driven firms. The case studies provide explicit evidence that the CSR activities (...)
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  31. added 2015-04-16
    Jonathan Hughes (2007). The Ethics of Xenotransplantation. In R. Ashcroft, A. Dawson, H. Draper & J. McMillan (eds.), Principles of Health Care Ethics. Wiley. 775-781.
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  32. added 2015-04-16
    Jonathan Hughes (2003). Genetically Modified Crops and the Precautionary Principle: Is There a Case for a Moratorium? In B. Almond & M. Parker (eds.), Ethical Issues in the New Genetics: Are Genes Us? Ashgate. 143-152.
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  33. added 2015-04-16
    Kurt Bayertz & Sarah L. Kirkby (1996). GenEthics: Technological Intervention in Human Reproduction as a Philosophical Problem. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (1):129-132.
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  34. added 2015-04-15
    Benjamin S. Yost (2015). Punishment, Desert, and Equality: A Levinasian Analysis. In Lisa Guenther, Geoffrey Adelsberg & Zeman Scott (eds.), Death and Other Penalties: Philosophy in a Time of Mass Incarceration. Fordham UP.
  35. added 2015-04-15
    N. Cugueró-Escofet & J. M. Rosanas (2012). Justice as a Crucial Formal and Informal Element of Management Control Systems. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):155.
    Management control systems include justice implicitly, as they believe that the market provides what is just or not through the market value. Psychological literature has deemed that people can perceive which procedures and decisions are just or not. In this paper, we argue that management control systems need to include justice criteria explicitly, beyond mere market value, in both their design and use . This will increase the probability that organizational members will collaborate to achieve organizational goals.
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  36. added 2015-04-15
    A. Argandoña, N. Bilbeny, V. Camps, M. Calsina, Castiñeira À, C. Palazzi, F. Requejo, R. Ribera, B. Román, F. Sàez, M. Seguró, F. Torralba, Vallès Jm & R. Thomas (2012). Code of Ethics for Politicians. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):9.
    Antonio Argandoña, Norbert Bilbeny, Victòria Camps, Miquel Calsina, Àngel Castiñeira, Cristian Palazzi, Ferran Requejo, Raimon Ribera, Begoña Román, Ferran Sàez, Miquel Seguró, Francesc Torralba, Josep Maria Vallès, Rosamund Thomas Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 2012 3:9-16.
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  37. added 2015-04-15
    Ballarín Jm, Marín Fx & A. J. Navarro (2012). Knowledge and Acknowledgement: Concept of Alterity as a Tool for Social Interaction. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):135.
    Human beings inhabit a symbolic reality that articulates meaning. This is culture understood as a web of meanings that actually builds our identity by providing guidance in the complexity of our environment. It is the complex interplay between identity and alterity, between interiority and exteriority, between familiarity and strangeness. Worldviews set up borders that delimit one's own world and others' ground by establishing stereotypes and prejudices. This article presents the results of a research project on prejudices towards the other in (...)
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  38. added 2015-04-15
    D. Murillo & S. Vallentin (2012). CSR, SMES and Social Capital: An Empirical Study and Conceptual Reflection. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):17.
    This paper is a response to the opening of new lines of research on CSR and SMEs . It seeks to explore the business case for CSR in this corporate segment. The paper, which is based on four case studies of medium-sized firms in the automotive sector, took the distinctive approach of trying to understand the nature of CSR-like activities developed not by best-in-class CSR-driven companies but by purely competitiveness-driven firms. The case studies provide explicit evidence that the CSR activities (...)
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  39. added 2015-04-14
    Ludwig Heider & Nikil Mukerji (forthcoming). Rawls, Order Ethics, and Rawlsian Order Ethics. In Christoph Luetge & Nikil Mukerji (eds.), Order Ethics: An Ethical Framework for the Social Market Economy. Springer.
    This chapter discusses how order ethics relates to the theory of justice. We focus on John Rawls's influential conception "Justice as Fairness" (JF) and compare its components with relevant aspects of the order-ethical approach. The two theories, we argue, are surprisingly compatible in various respects. We also analyse how far order ethicists disagree with Rawls and why. The main source of disagreement that we identify lies in a thesis that is central to the order ethical system, viz. the requirement of (...)
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  40. added 2015-04-14
    Nikil Mukerji & Christoph Schumacher (forthcoming). Is the Minimum Wage Ethically Justifiable? An Order-Ethical Answer. In Christoph Luetge & Nikil Mukerji (eds.), Order Ethics: An Ethical Framework for the Social Market Economy. Springer.
    Is the minimum wage ethically justifiable? In this chapter, we attempt to answer this question from an order-ethical perspective. To this end, we develop two simple game theoretical models for different types of labour markets and derive policy implications from an order-ethical viewpoint. Our investigation yields a twofold conclusion. Firstly, order ethicists should prefer a tax-funded wage subsidy over minimum wages, if they assume that labour markets are perfectly competitive. Secondly, order ethics suggests that the minimum wage can be ethically (...)
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  41. added 2015-04-14
    Nikil Mukerji & Christoph Schumacher (forthcoming). Order Ethics, Economics and Game Theory. In Christoph Luetge & Nikil Mukerji (eds.), Order Ethics: An Ethical Framework for the Social Market Economy. Springer.
    We offer a concise introduction to the methodology of order-ethics and highlight how it connects aspects of economic theory and, in particular, game theory with traditional ethical considerations. The discussion is conducted along the lines of five basic propositions, which are used to characterize the methodological approach of order ethics.
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  42. added 2015-04-14
    Eric Vogelstein (forthcoming). Autonomy and the Moral Authority of Advance Directives. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy.
    Although advance directives are widely believed to be a key way to safeguard the autonomy of incompetent medical patients, significant questions exist about their moral authority. The main philosophical concern involves cases in which an incompetent patient no longer possesses the desires on which her advance directive was based (for example, in cases of severe dementia). The question is, does that entail that prior expressions of medical choices are no longer morally binding? I believe that the answer is ‘yes.’ I (...)
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  43. added 2015-04-14
    Howard L. M. Nye (2014). Well‐Being, Self‐Regarding Reasons, and Morality. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 3 (4):332-341.
    It seems that we should want to avoid becoming intellectually disabled. It is common for philosophers to infer from this that those of us without intellectual disabilities are intrinsically better off than individuals with intellectual disabilities, and that there are consequently stronger moral reasons for others to preserve our lives than to preserve the lives of intellectually disabled individuals. In this article, I argue against this inference from what states we should prefer for ourselves to how much moral reason others (...)
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  44. added 2015-04-14
    N. Cugueró-Escofet & J. M. Rosanas (2012). Justice as a Crucial Formal and Informal Element of Management Control Systems. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):155.
    Management control systems include justice implicitly, as they believe that the market provides what is just or not through the market value. Psychological literature has deemed that people can perceive which procedures and decisions are just or not. In this paper, we argue that management control systems need to include justice criteria explicitly, beyond mere market value, in both their design and use . This will increase the probability that organizational members will collaborate to achieve organizational goals.
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  45. added 2015-04-14
    A. Argandoña, N. Bilbeny, V. Camps, M. Calsina, Castiñeira À, C. Palazzi, F. Requejo, R. Ribera, B. Román, F. Sàez, M. Seguró, F. Torralba, Vallès Jm & R. Thomas (2012). Code of Ethics for Politicians. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):9.
    Antonio Argandoña, Norbert Bilbeny, Victòria Camps, Miquel Calsina, Àngel Castiñeira, Cristian Palazzi, Ferran Requejo, Raimon Ribera, Begoña Román, Ferran Sàez, Miquel Seguró, Francesc Torralba, Josep Maria Vallès, Rosamund Thomas Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 2012 3:9-16.
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  46. added 2015-04-14
    Ballarín Jm, Marín Fx & A. J. Navarro (2012). Knowledge and Acknowledgement: Concept of Alterity as a Tool for Social Interaction. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):135.
    Human beings inhabit a symbolic reality that articulates meaning. This is culture understood as a web of meanings that actually builds our identity by providing guidance in the complexity of our environment. It is the complex interplay between identity and alterity, between interiority and exteriority, between familiarity and strangeness. Worldviews set up borders that delimit one's own world and others' ground by establishing stereotypes and prejudices. This article presents the results of a research project on prejudices towards the other in (...)
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  47. added 2015-04-14
    D. Murillo & S. Vallentin (2012). CSR, SMES and Social Capital: An Empirical Study and Conceptual Reflection. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):17.
    This paper is a response to the opening of new lines of research on CSR and SMEs . It seeks to explore the business case for CSR in this corporate segment. The paper, which is based on four case studies of medium-sized firms in the automotive sector, took the distinctive approach of trying to understand the nature of CSR-like activities developed not by best-in-class CSR-driven companies but by purely competitiveness-driven firms. The case studies provide explicit evidence that the CSR activities (...)
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  48. added 2015-04-13
    Rowan P. Sommers, Roy Dings, Koen I. Neijenhuijs, Hannah Andringa, Sebastian Arts, Daphne van de Bult, Laura Klockenbusch, Emiel Wanningen, Leon C. De Bruin & Pim F. G. Haselager (forthcoming). A Young Scientists’ Perspective on DBS: A Plea for an International DBS Organization. Neuroethics:1-4.
    Our think tank tasked by the Dutch Health Council, consisting of Radboud University Nijmegen Honours Academy students with various backgrounds, investigated the implications of Deep Brain Stimulation for psychiatric patients. During this investigation, a number of methodological, ethical and societal difficulties were identified. We consider these difficulties to be a reflection of a still fragmented field of research that can be overcome with improved organization and communication. To this effect, we suggest that it would be useful to found a centralized (...)
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  49. added 2015-04-13
    Paulina Tindana, Jantina de Vries, Megan Campbell, Katherine Littler, Janet Seeley, Patricia Marshall, Jennifer Troyer, Morisola Ogundipe, Vincent Pius Alibu, Aminu Yakubu & Michael Parker (2015). Community Engagement Strategies for Genomic Studies in Africa: A Review of the Literature. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):24.
    Community engagement has been recognised as an important aspect of the ethical conduct of biomedical research, especially when research is focused on ethnically or culturally distinct populations. While this is a generally accepted tenet of biomedical research, it is unclear what components are necessary for effective community engagement, particularly in the context of genomic research in Africa.
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  50. added 2015-04-12
    Jack Stilgoe (forthcoming). Geoengineering as Collective Experimentation. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    Geoengineering is defined as the ‘deliberate and large-scale intervention in the Earth’s climatic system with the aim of reducing global warming’. The technological proposals for doing this are highly speculative. Research is at an early stage, but there is a strong consensus that technologies would, if realisable, have profound and surprising ramifications. Geoengineering would seem to be an archetype of technology as social experiment, blurring lines that separate research from deployment and scientific knowledge from technological artefacts. Looking into the experimental (...)
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