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Applied Ethics

Edited by Ezio Di Nucci (University of Copenhagen)
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  1. added 2016-08-24
    Carl Mitcham & Elaine E. Englehardt (forthcoming). Ethics Across the Curriculum: Prospects for Broader Teaching and Learning in Research and Engineering Ethics. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-28.
    The movements to teach the responsible conduct of research and engineering ethics at technological universities are often unacknowledged aspects of the ethics across the curriculum movement and could benefit from explicit alliances with it. Remarkably, however, not nearly as much scholarly attention has been devoted to EAC as to RCR or to engineering ethics, and RCR and engineering ethics educational efforts are not always presented as facets of EAC. The emergence of EAC efforts at two different institutions—the Illinois Institute of (...)
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  2. added 2016-08-24
    Marcelo Saad & Roberta de Medeiros (2016). Programs of Religious/Spiritual Support in Hospitals - Five “Whies” and Five “Hows”. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 11 (1):5.
    A contemporary orientation of the hospital experience model must encompass the clients’ religious-spiritual dimension. The objective of this paper is to share a previous experience, highlighting at least five reasons hospitals should invest in this direction, and an equal number of steps required to achieve it. In the first part, the text discourses about five reasons to invest in religious-spiritual support programs: 1. Religious-spiritual wellbeing is related to better health; 2. Religious-spiritual appreciation is a standard for hospital accreditation; 3. To (...)
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  3. added 2016-08-24
    Andreas Müller (2016). Die Rolle der Selbstbestimmung in der Rechtfertigung passiver und aktiver Sterbehilfe. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 20 (1).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft und Ethik Jahrgang: 20 Heft: 1 Seiten: 5-28.
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  4. added 2016-08-24
    Ben Dixon (2016). Deriving Moral Considerability From Leopold’s A Sand County Almanac. Ethics, Policy and Environment 19 (2):196-212.
    I argue that a reasonable understanding of Leopold’s ‘Land Ethic’ is one that identifies possession of health as being a sufficient condition for moral consideration. With this, Leopold extends morality not only to biotic wholes, but to individual organisms, as both can have their health undermined. My argument centers on explaining why Leopold thinks it reasonable to analogize ecosystems both to an organism and to a community: both have a health. My conclusions undermine J. Baird Callicott’s rhetorical dismissal of the (...)
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  5. added 2016-08-23
    Leon Windscheid, Lynn Bowes-Sperry, Karsten Jonsen & Michèle Morner (forthcoming). Managing Organizational Gender Diversity Images: A Content Analysis of German Corporate Websites. Journal of Business Ethics.
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  6. added 2016-08-23
    Rafe McGregor (2016). The War on Cops: How the New Attack on Law and Order Makes Everyone Less Safe Heather Mac Donald, 2016 New York: Encounter Books 248 Pp., $23.99. [REVIEW] Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (3):n/a-n/a.
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  7. added 2016-08-23
    Jovan Babić (2015). Trust, Predictability and Lasting Peace. Facta Universitatis, Series: Philosophy, Sociology, Psychology and History 14 (No 1):1 – 14.
    The main focus in the paper is the connection between trust and peace which makes predictability as a necessary condition of the normalcy of life possible, especially collective and communal life. Peace is defined as a specific articulation of the distribution of (political) power within a society. Peace defined in such a way requires a set of rules (norms, or laws) needed for the stability of the established social state of affairs. The main purpose of those norms, laws, is to (...)
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  8. added 2016-08-22
    Rima T. Nakkash, Sanaa Mugharbil, Hala Alaouié & Rima A. Afifi (forthcoming). Attitudes of Public Health Academics Toward Receiving Funds From for-Profit Corporations: A Systematic Review. Public Health Ethics:phw036.
    With dwindling support from governments toward universities, university–industry partnerships have increased. Ethical concerns over such partnerships have been documented, are particularly relevant when an institution receives money from a corporation whose products do harm and are intensified for academic public health institutions whose missions include promoting well-being. Academics in medicine and nutrition have often failed to recognize the potential conflicts of industry-sponsored research. It is unclear if research to date has explored attitudes of public health academics toward accepting such funds. (...)
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  9. added 2016-08-21
    Stephen W. Smith (forthcoming). Individualised Claims of Conscience, Clinical Judgement and Best Interests. Health Care Analysis:1-13.
    Conscience and conscientious objections are important issues in medical law and ethics. However, discussions tend to focus on a particular type of conscience-based claim. These types of claims are based upon predictable, generalizable rules in which an individual practitioner objects to what is otherwise standard medical treatment. However, not all conscience based claims are of this type. There are other claims which are based not on an objection to a treatment in general but in individual cases. In other words, these (...)
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  10. added 2016-08-21
    Jennifer Prah Ruger (forthcoming). The Health Capability Paradigm and the Right to Health Care in the United States. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics:1-18.
    Against a backdrop of non-ideal political and legal conditions, this article examines the health capability paradigm and how its principles can help determine what aspects of health care might legitimately constitute positive health care rights—and if indeed human rights are even the best approach to equitable health care provision. This article addresses the long American preoccupation with negative rights rather than positive rights in health care. Positive health care rights are an exception to the overall moral range and general thrust (...)
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  11. added 2016-08-21
    Minsu Ock, Hyun Joo Kim, Min-Woo Jo & Sang-il Lee (2016). Perceptions of the General Public and Physicians Regarding Open Disclosure in Korea: A Qualitative Study. BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):50.
    BackgroundExperience with open disclosure and its study are restricted to certain western countries. In addition, there are concerns that open disclosure may be less suitable in non-western countries. The present study explored and compared the in-depth perceptions of the general public and physicians regarding open disclosure in Korea.MethodsWe applied the COREQ checklist to this qualitative study. We conducted 20 in-depth interviews and four focus group discussions with 16 physicians and 18 members of the general public. In-depth interviews and focus group (...)
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  12. added 2016-08-21
    Jason Kawall (2012). Rethinking Greed. In Allen Thompson Jeremy Bendik-Keymer (ed.), Human Adaptation to Climate Change: Human Virtues of the Future. The MIT Press 223-39.
    In this paper I attempt to clarify the nature of the vice of greed, focusing on what can be called “modest greed”. Agents who are modestly greedy do not long for material goods or wealth with intense desires. Rather, they have quite modest desires, but ones whose satisfaction they pursue excessively relative to other goods. Greed - including modest greed - emerges as a particularly troubling and problematic vice.
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  13. added 2016-08-20
    Jonny Anomaly (forthcoming). Defending Eugenics: From Cryptic Choice to Conscious Selection. In Gregg Caruso (ed.), Handbook of Philosophy and Public Policy. Palgrave MacMillan
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  14. added 2016-08-20
    Billy Christmas (2016). Blood Oil: Tyrants, Violence, and the Rules That Run the World, Leif Wenar, 2016 Oxford & New York, Oxford University Press Liii + 494 Pp., £22.99. [REVIEW] Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (3).
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  15. added 2016-08-20
    Miguel Ángel Royo-Bordonada & Fernando J. García López (2016). Ethical considerations surrounding the response to Ebola: the Spanish experience. BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1.
    _BMC Medical Ethics_ is an open access journal publishing original peer-reviewed research articles in relation to the ethical aspects of biomedical research and clinical practice, including professional choices and conduct, medical technologies, healthcare systems and health policies. _BMC __Medical Ethics _is part of the _BMC_ series which publishes subject-specific journals focused on the needs of individual research communities across all areas of biology and medicine. We do not make editorial decisions on the basis of the interest of a study or (...)
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  16. added 2016-08-20
    Christopher Nathan (2016). Liability to Deception and Manipulation: The Ethics of Undercover Policing. Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (3).
    Does undercover police work inevitably wrong its targets? Or are undercover activities justified by a general security benefit? In this article I argue that people can make themselves liable to deception and manipulation. The debate on undercover policing will proceed more fruitfully if the tactic can be conceptualised along those lines, rather than as essentially ‘dirty hands’ activity, in which people are wronged in pursuit of a necessary good, or in instrumentalist terms, according to which the harms of undercover work (...)
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  17. added 2016-08-20
    Chandler D. Rogers (2016). Review of Jean-Christophe Bailly, The Animal Side. [REVIEW] Between the Species 19 (1):215-220.
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  18. added 2016-08-20
    Billy Christmas (2016). Blood Oil: Tyrants, Violence, and the Rules That Run the World, Leif Wenar, 2016 Oxford & New York, Oxford University Press Liii + 494 Pp., £22.99. [REVIEW] Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (3).
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  19. added 2016-08-20
    Christopher Nathan (2016). Liability to Deception and Manipulation: The Ethics of Undercover Policing. Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (3).
    Does undercover police work inevitably wrong its targets? Or are undercover activities justified by a general security benefit? In this article I argue that people can make themselves liable to deception and manipulation. The debate on undercover policing will proceed more fruitfully if the tactic can be conceptualised along those lines, rather than as essentially ‘dirty hands’ activity, in which people are wronged in pursuit of a necessary good, or in instrumentalist terms, according to which the harms of undercover work (...)
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  20. added 2016-08-19
    Eric Gilbertson (forthcoming). Vicious Competitiveness and the Desire to Win. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport:1-15.
    This paper discusses the nature of competitiveness and argues that being competitive does not essentially involve a strong desire to win or to outperform others. The appeal of the ‘desire-to-win’ analysis of competitiveness can be explained away provided we distinguish between virtuous and vicious competitiveness. It is conceivable that a virtuously competitive athlete lack a strong desire to win or to outperform others. Moreover, there is empirical evidence that virtuous competitiveness and vicious competitiveness are distinct character traits. If being virtuously (...)
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  21. added 2016-08-19
    Christopher Cosans (forthcoming). Hans Jonas, Brave New World, and Utopian Business Ethics. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-13.
    This essay explores ways a shift in focus from material to experiential consumption might address the criticisms of industrialization made by Hans Jonas and Aldous Huxley. Hans Jonas argued that the extent to which the market economy drives humans to manufacture material goods is causing us to produce pollution at levels that will make humans go extinct. He concluded we will need to be such cuts in material production that future generations will sacrifice much happiness. Huxley on the other hand, (...)
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  22. added 2016-08-19
    R. P. Spijkerboer, J. C. Van der Stel, G. A. M. Widdershoven & A. C. Molewijk (forthcoming). Does Moral Case Deliberation Help Professionals in Care for the Homeless in Dealing with Their Dilemmas? A Mixed-Methods Responsive Study. HEC Forum:1-21.
    Health care professionals often face moral dilemmas. Not dealing constructively with moral dilemmas can cause moral distress and can negatively affect the quality of care. Little research has been documented with methodologies meant to support professionals in care for the homeless in dealing with their dilemmas. Moral case deliberation is a method for systematic reflection on moral dilemmas and is increasingly being used as ethics support for professionals in various health-care domains. This study deals with the question: What is the (...)
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  23. added 2016-08-19
    Ambika Natarajan (forthcoming). Defining a Discipline: Two Important Volumes on Synthetic Biology. NanoEthics:1-3.
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  24. added 2016-08-19
    Paul Walker & Terry Lovat (forthcoming). Dialogic Consensus In Clinical Decision-Making. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-10.
    This paper is predicated on the understanding that clinical encounters between clinicians and patients should be seen primarily as inter-relations among persons and, as such, are necessarily moral encounters. It aims to relocate the discussion to be had in challenging medical decision-making situations, including, for example, as the end of life comes into view, onto a more robust moral philosophical footing than is currently commonplace. In our contemporary era, those making moral decisions must be cognizant of the existence of perspectives (...)
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  25. added 2016-08-18
    Simone van der Burg (forthcoming). A Lay Ethics Quest for Technological Futures: About Tradition, Narrative and Decision-Making. NanoEthics:1-12.
    Making better choices about future technologies that are being researched or developed is an important motivator behind lay ethics interventions. However, in practice, they do not always succeed to serve that goal. Especially authors who have noted that lay ethicists sometimes take recourse to well-known themes which stem from old, even ‘archetypical’ stories, have been criticized for making too little room for agency and decision-making in their approach. This paper aims to contribute to a reflection on how lay ethics can (...)
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  26. added 2016-08-18
    Jens Erling Birch (forthcoming). Skills – Do We Really Know What Kind of Knowledge They Are? Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-14.
    Philosophers of sport seem to have lived happily with the idea that the knowledge in sporting skills is knowing how. In traditional epistemology, knowing how does not qualify to be knowledge proper since knowledge is a question of whether a belief is true and justified. Unless knowing how is a special case of knowing that, it is not knowledge. The argument for such an identification arises saying that a former expert in tennis has tennis know-how, although she cannot perform skillfully. (...)
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  27. added 2016-08-18
    Øyvind F. Standal & Kenneth Aggerholm (forthcoming). Habits, Skills and Embodied Experiences: A Contribution to Philosophy of Physical Education. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-14.
    One of the main topics in philosophical work dealing with physical education is if and how the subject can justify its educational value. Acquisition of practical knowledge in the form of skills and the provision of positive and meaningful embodied experiences are central to the justification of physical education. The purpose of this article is to explore the relationship between skill and embodied experience in physical education through the notion and concept of habit. The literature on phenomenology of skill acquisition (...)
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  28. added 2016-08-18
    Jennifer Hardes & Bryan Hogeveen (forthcoming). Flow, Skilled Coping, and the Sovereign Subject: Toward an Ethics of Being-with in Sport. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-12.
    According to Dreyfus and Dreyfus, skilled coping in sport occurs when an athlete reaches an expert level and can execute a sport skill on ‘automatic-pilot’, in a state of ‘flow’. In this paper we reframe phenomenological accounts of sport that try to depict flow-states as part of an athlete’s competency framework. We do so from the point of view of post-structural and post-phenomenological scholars such as Jacques Derrida’s deconstructive work on sovereignty and Jean-Luc Nancy’s ontological vantage of ‘being-with’. This lens (...)
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  29. added 2016-08-18
    Verner Møller (forthcoming). Dark Mermaid. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-3.
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  30. added 2016-08-18
    Peter Cane (2016). Role Responsibility. Journal of Ethics 20 (1-3):279-298.
    This article is about ‘role responsibility’ as understood by H. L. A. Hart in his taxonomy of responsibility concepts in his book, Punishment and Responsibility. More particularly, it focuses on what I call ‘public, institutional role responsibility’. The main arguments are that such role responsibility is based on authority and power rather than physical and mental capacity; and the foundation of role responsibility in authority has significant implications for what Hart referred to as ‘liability–responsibility’, which I unpack in terms of (...)
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  31. added 2016-08-18
    Govind Persad (2016). Should Research Ethics Encourage the Production of Cost-Effective Interventions? In Daniel Strech & Marcel Mertz (eds.), Ethics and Governance of Biomedical Research: Theory and Practice. Springer 13-28.
    This project considers whether and how research ethics can contribute to the provision of cost-effective medical interventions. Clinical research ethics represents an underexplored context for the promotion of cost-effectiveness. In particular, although scholars have recently argued that research on less-expensive, less-effective interventions can be ethical, there has been little or no discussion of whether ethical considerations justify curtailing research on more expensive, more effective interventions. Yet considering cost-effectiveness at the research stage can help ensure that scarce resources such as tissue (...)
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  32. added 2016-08-18
    Penney J. Lewis & Isra Black (2012). The Effectiveness of Legal Safeguards in Jurisdictions That Allow Assisted Dying. In Briefing Paper for the Commission on Assisted Dying. Demos
    Evidence from jurisdictions that allow assisted dying is frequently used in the debate about assisted dying in the UK, since it provides important information about how assisted suicide and voluntary euthanasia work in practice. However, in order to interpret these data meaningfully, it is essential that they are understood in the context of the different legal and regulatory frameworks in operation in these countries. -/- The Commission on Assisted Dying has commissioned this expert briefing paper in order to help unpick (...)
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  33. added 2016-08-17
    Scott Lamont, Cameron Stewart & Mary Chiarella (forthcoming). Documentation of Capacity Assessment and Subsequent Consent in Patients Identified With Delirium. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-9.
    BackgroundDelirium is highly prevalent in the general hospital patient population, characterized by acute onset, fluctuating levels of consciousness, and global impairment of cognitive functioning. Mental capacity, its assessment and subsequent consent are therefore prominent within this cohort, yet under-explored.AimThis study of patients with delirium sought to determine the processes by which consent to medical treatment was attempted, how capacity was assessed, and any subsequent actions thereafter.MethodA retrospective documentation review of patients identified as having a delirium for the twelve months February (...)
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  34. added 2016-08-17
    Theodora Danylevich (forthcoming). De-Privatizing Self-Harm: Remembering the Social Self in How to Forget. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-8.
    This article reads Malu De Martino’s 2010 film Como Esqueçer as a case study in self-harm as a mode of expression and self-inquiry. Drawing on disability and queer theory, psychoanalysis, and sociology of medicine, the author argues that How to Forget charts a “crip” epistemology of self-harm and theorizes a “social self.” That is to say, the film models an orientation towards self-harm that offers a coalitional and social therapeutic understanding. Based on this reading, the author suggests the application of (...)
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  35. added 2016-08-17
    Thaddeus Metz (forthcoming). How to Ground Animal Rights on African Values. In Edwin Etieyibo (ed.), Method, Substance and the Future of African Philosophy. Palgrave Macmillan ch. 10.
    Reprint of an article initially appearing in the Journal of Animal Ethics (2017).
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  36. added 2016-08-17
    Gil Rubinstein & Miriam Ethel Bentwich (2016). The Enemy as a Patient: What Can Be Learned From the Emotional Experience of Physicians and Why Does It Matter Ethically? Developing World Bioethics 16 (2):n/a-n/a.
    This qualitative research examines the influence of animosity on physicians during clinical encounters and its ethical implications. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten Israeli-Jewish physicians: four treated Syrians and six treated Palestinian terrorists/Hezbollah militants or Palestinian civilians. An interpretive phenomenological analysis was used to uncover main themes in these interviews. Whereas the majority of physicians stated they are obligated to treat any patient, physicians who treated Syrians exhibited stronger emotional expression and implicit empathy, while less referring to the presence of (...)
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  37. added 2016-08-17
    Trevor Hedberg (2016). Unraveling the Asymmetry in Procreative Ethics. APA Newsletter on Philosophy and Medicine 15 (2):18-21.
    The Asymmetry in procreative ethics consists of two claims. The first is that it is morally wrong to bring into existence a child who will have an abjectly miserable life; the second is that it is permissible not to bring into existence a child who will enjoy a very happy life. In this paper, I distinguish between two variations of the Asymmetry. The first is the Abstract Asymmetry, the idealized variation of the Asymmetry that many philosophers have been trying to (...)
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  38. added 2016-08-17
    Trevor Hedberg (2016). Animals, Relations, and the Laissez-Faire Intuition. Environmental Values 25 (4):427-442.
    In Animal Ethics in Context, Clare Palmer tries to harmonise two competing approaches to animal ethics. One focuses on the morally relevant capacities that animals possess. The other is the Laissez-Faire Intuition (LFI): the claim that we have duties to assist domesticated animals but should (at least generally) leave wild animals alone. In this paper, I critique the arguments that Palmer offers in favour of the No-Contact LFI - the view that we have (prima facie) duties not to harm wild (...)
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  39. added 2016-08-17
    Nazila Nikravanfard, Faezeh Khorasanizadeh & Kazem Zendehdel (2016). Research Ethics Education in Post‐Graduate Medical Curricula in I.R. Iran. Developing World Bioethics 16 (2):n/a-n/a.
    Research ethics training during post-graduate education is necessary to improve ethical standards in the design and conduct of biomedical research. We studied quality and quantity of research ethics training in the curricula of post-graduate programs in the medical science in I.R. Iran. We evaluated curricula of 125 post-graduate programs in medical sciences in I.R. Iran. We qualitatively studied the curricula by education level, including the Master and PhD degrees and analyzed the contents and the amount of teaching allocated for ethics (...)
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  40. added 2016-08-17
    Stacey A. Page, Kiran Pohar Manhas & Daniel A. Muruve (2016). A Survey of Patient Perspectives on the Research Use of Health Information and Biospecimens. BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):48.
    BackgroundPersonal health information and biospecimens are valuable research resources essential for the advancement of medicine and protected by national standards and provincial statutes. Research ethics and privacy standards attempt to balance individual interests with societal interests. However these standards may not reflect public opinion or preferences. The purpose of this study was to assess the opinions and preferences of patients with kidney disease about the use of their health information and biospecimens for medical research.MethodsA 45-item survey was distributed to a (...)
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  41. added 2016-08-16
    Elisabeth Marie Strømme & Ole Frithjof Norheim (forthcoming). Global Health Inequality: Comparing Inequality-Adjusted Life Expectancy Over Time. Public Health Ethics:phw033.
    Background and objectives: Summary measures of overall health inequality are independent of group membership and enable international comparisons of distribution of health. We compare inequality between and within countries over time and identify normative issues underlying such comparisons. Methods: We used a set of modeled historical life tables for 193 World Health Organization member states from the years 1990, 2000 and 2008 and calculated inequality in age at death and inequality-adjusted life expectancy. Results: Our calculations suggest that overall health inequalities (...)
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  42. added 2016-08-16
    Michelle C. Bach (forthcoming). Still Human: A Call for Increased Focus on Ethical Standards in Cadaver Research. HEC Forum:1-13.
    Research on human cadavers is an important mechanism of scientific progress and comprises a large industry in the United States. However, despite its importance and influence, there is little ethical or regulatory oversight of cadaver-based research. This lack of transparency raises important ethical questions. Thus, this paper serves as a call for ethicists and regulators to pay increased attention to cadaver research. I argue that cadaver research ought to be considered a subset of human subjects research and held accountable to (...)
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  43. added 2016-08-16
    Reuven Brandt (2016). Sperm, Clinics, and Parenthood. Bioethics 30 (7).
    In this article I examine a recent approach to regulating assisted reproduction, whereby use of some kind of medical intervention ‘triggers’ laws governing legal parenthood that are more favourable to intending parents and sperm providers. I argue that although perhaps an improvement on the previous legal framework, these laws are problematic for three important reasons. First, they are prone to violating parental rights and unjustly imposing substantial burdens on individuals. Second, they are discriminatory. Third, even if we take a pragmatic (...)
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  44. added 2016-08-16
    Josh Dohmen (2016). Disability as Abject: Kristeva, Disability, and Resistance. Hypatia 31 (3):n/a-n/a.
    In this essay, I develop an account of disability exclusion that, though inspired by Julia Kristeva, diverges from her account in several important ways. I first offer a brief interpretation of Kristeva's essays “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity and … Vulnerability” and “A Tragedy and a Dream: Disability Revisited” and, using this interpretation, I assess certain criticisms of Kristeva's position made by Jan Grue in his “Rhetorics of Difference: Julia Kristeva and Disability.” I then argue that Kristeva's concept of abjection, especially as (...)
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  45. added 2016-08-16
    Lorraine Cowley (2016). What Can We Learn From Patients’ Ethical Thinking About the Right ‘Not to Know’ in Genomics? Lessons From Cancer Genetic Testing for Genetic Counselling. Bioethics 30 (7).
    This article is based on a qualitative empirical project about a distinct kinship group who were among the first identified internationally as having a genetic susceptibility to cancer. 50 were invited to participate. 15, who had all accepted testing, were interviewed. They form a unique case study. This study aimed to explore interviewees’ experiences of genetic testing and how these influenced their family relationships. A key finding was that participants framed the decision to be tested as ‘common sense’; the idea (...)
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  46. added 2016-08-16
    Robert Lepenies & Magdalena Malecka (2016). Nudges, Recht und Politik: Institutionelle Implikationen. Zeitschrift Für Praktische Philosophie 3 (1): 487–530.
    In diesem Beitrag argumentieren wir, dass eine umfassende Implementierung sogenannter Nudges weitreichende Auswirkungen für rechtliche und politische Institutionen hat. Die wissenschaftliche Diskussion zu Nudges ist derzeit hauptsächlich von philosophischen Theorien geprägt, die im Kern einen individualistischen Ansatz vertreten. Unsere Analyse bezieht sich auf die Art und Weise, in der sich Anhänger des Nudging neuster Erkenntnisse aus den Verhaltenswissenschaften bedienen – immer in der Absicht, diese für effektives Regieren einzusetzen. Wir unterstreichen, dass die meisten Nudges, die derzeit entweder diskutiert werden oder (...)
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  47. added 2016-08-16
    Paul Fryfogle (2013). Defense of Rawls: A Reply to Brock. Res Cogitans 4 (1):181-188.
    Cosmopolitans like Gillian Brock, Charles Beitz, and Thomas Pogge argue that the principles of justice selected and arranged in lexical priority in Rawls’ first original position would—and should for the same reasons as in the first—also be selected in Rawls’ second original position. After all, the argument goes, what reasons other than morally arbitrary ones do we have for selecting a second set of principles? A different, though undoubtedly related, point of contention is the cosmopolitan charge that Rawls fails to (...)
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  48. added 2016-08-15
    Paul Fryfogle, Defense of Rawls: A Reply to Brock.
    Cosmopolitans like Gillian Brock, Charles Beitz, and Thomas Pogge argue that the principles of justice selected and arranged in lexical priority in Rawls’ first original position would—and should for the same reasons as in the first—also be selected in Rawls’ second original position. After all, the argument goes, what reasons other than morally arbitrary ones do we have for selecting a second set of principles? A different, though undoubtedly related, point of contention is the cosmopolitan charge that Rawls fails to (...)
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  49. added 2016-08-15
    Daniel Brudney (forthcoming). Is Health Care a Human Right? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics:1-9.
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  50. added 2016-08-15
    Helen Watt (ed.) (2011). Fertility and Gender: Issues in Reproductive and Sexual Ethics. Anscombe Bioethics Centre.
    What is sex and why is it important? Does marriage have a basic rationale? How should couples manage their fertility, and when and how should pregnancy be achieved? How should we respond to 'embryo adoption', teenage pregnancy, population growth, HIV/AIDS and other STIs, same-sex attraction? This collection of original essays looks at these and other pivotal issues in reproductive and sexual ethics, from the perspectives of philosophy, theology, psychology and economic science.
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