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Applied Ethics

Assistant editor: Emma Ryman (University of Western Ontario)
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  1. added 2014-04-16
    Charles D. Douglas, Ian H. Kerridge & Rachel A. Ankeny (forthcoming). Double Meanings Will Not Save the Principle of Double Effect. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy:jhu011.
    In an article somewhat ironically entitled “Disambiguating Clinical Intentions,” Lynn Jansen promotes an idea that should be bewildering to anyone familiar with the literature on the intention/foresight distinction. According to Jansen, “intention” has two commonsense meanings, one of which is equivalent to “foresight.” Consequently, questions about intention are “infected” with ambiguity—people cannot tell what they mean and do not know how to answer them. This hypothesis is unsupported by evidence, but Jansen states it as if it were accepted fact. In (...)
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  2. added 2014-04-16
    N. Cugueró-Escofet & J. M. Rosanas (2012). Justice as a Crucial Formal and Informal Element of Management Control Systems. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):155.
    Management control systems include justice implicitly, as they believe that the market provides what is just or not through the market value. Psychological literature has deemed that people can perceive which procedures and decisions are just or not. In this paper, we argue that management control systems need to include justice criteria explicitly, beyond mere market value, in both their design (formal justice) and use (informal justice). This will increase the probability that organizational members will collaborate to achieve organizational goals.
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  3. added 2014-04-16
    Ballarín Jm, Marín Fx & A. J. Navarro (2012). Knowledge and Acknowledgement: Concept of Alterity as a Tool for Social Interaction. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):135.
    Human beings inhabit a symbolic reality that articulates meaning. This is culture understood as a web of meanings that actually builds our identity by providing guidance in the complexity of our environment. It is the complex interplay between identity and alterity, between interiority and exteriority, between familiarity and strangeness. Worldviews set up borders that delimit one's own world and others' ground by establishing stereotypes and prejudices. This article presents the results of a research project on prejudices towards the other in (...)
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  4. added 2014-04-16
    A. Argandoña, N. Bilbeny, V. Camps, M. Calsina, Castiñeira à, C. Palazzi, F. Requejo, R. Ribera, B. Román, F. Sàez, M. Seguró, F. Torralba, Vallès Jm & R. Thomas (2012). Code of Ethics for Politicians. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):9.
    Antonio Argandoña, Norbert Bilbeny, Victòria Camps, Miquel Calsina, Àngel Castiñeira, Cristian Palazzi, Ferran Requejo, Raimon Ribera, Begoña Román, Ferran Sàez, Miquel Seguró, Francesc Torralba, Josep Maria Vallès, Rosamund Thomas Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 2012 3(3):9-16.
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  5. added 2014-04-16
    D. Murillo & S. Vallentin (2012). CSR, SMES and Social Capital: An Empirical Study and Conceptual Reflection. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):17.
    This paper is a response to the opening of new lines of research on CSR and SMEs (Thompson & Smith, 1991; Spence, 1999; Moore & Smith, 2006; Spence, 2007). It seeks to explore the business case for CSR in this corporate segment. The paper, which is based on four case studies of medium-sized firms in the automotive sector, took the distinctive approach of trying to understand the nature of CSR-like activities developed not by best-in-class CSR-driven companies but by purely competitiveness-driven (...)
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  6. added 2014-04-15
    Rahmatollah Beheshti & Gita Sukthankar (forthcoming). A Hybrid Modeling Approach for Parking and Traffic Prediction in Urban Simulations. AI and Society.
  7. added 2014-04-15
    Ken Kirkwood (forthcoming). What Do You Mean I Wasn't Cheating? Testing the Concept of Cheating Through a Case of Failed Doping. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy.
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  8. added 2014-04-15
    Yoshiko Oda & Yoshitaka Kondo (forthcoming). The Concept of Yuko-Datotsu in Kendo: Interpreted From the Aesthetics of Zanshin. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy.
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  9. added 2014-04-15
    Yael Schenker, Robert M. Arnold & Alex John London (2014). Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “The Ethics of Advertising for Health Care Services”. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):W3 - W4.
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  10. added 2014-04-15
    Alan T. Wilson (2014). Egalitarianism and Successful Moral Bioenhancement. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):35-36.
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  11. added 2014-04-15
    Holly A. Taylor, Ellen Kuwana & Benjamin S. Wilfond (2014). The Ethics of Disclosing to Research Subjects the Availability of Off-Label Marketed Drugs. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):51-51.
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  12. added 2014-04-15
    Maurie Markman (2014). Challenging the Requirements for Disclosing Risk to Clinical Research Participants. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):11-12.
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  13. added 2014-04-15
    Brandon Boesch (2014). Equipoise and Nonmedical Risks. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):16-18.
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  14. added 2014-04-15
    Harris Wiseman (2014). Moral Enhancement—“Hard” and “Soft” Forms. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):48-49.
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  15. added 2014-04-15
    Efrat Ram-Tiktin (2014). The Possible Effects of Moral Bioenhancement on Political Privileges and Fair Equality of Opportunity. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):43-44.
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  16. added 2014-04-15
    Joshua S. Crites (2014). When Should Open-Label Extension Studies Be Stopped? American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):57-58.
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  17. added 2014-04-15
    S. L. Niemansburg, M. G. J. L. Habets, J. J. M. Van Delden & A. L. Bredenoord (2014). Disclosure of Risks and Uncertainties Are Especially Vital in Light of Regenerative Medicine. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):14-16.
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  18. added 2014-04-15
    Fabrice Jotterand (2014). Questioning the Moral Enhancement Project. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):1-3.
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  19. added 2014-04-15
    Amrutha Baskaran & Robert M. Sade (2014). The Relevance of Research Study Phase to Disclosure of Off-Label Drug Availability. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):53-54.
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  20. added 2014-04-15
    Robert Sparrow (2014). Egalitarianism and Moral Bioenhancement. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):20-28.
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  21. added 2014-04-15
    Jonathan M. Kocarnik (2014). Disclosing Controversial Risk in Informed Consent: How Serious is Serious? American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):13-14.
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  22. added 2014-04-15
    Vojin Rakić (2014). Voluntary Moral Bioenhancement Is a Solution to Sparrow's Concerns. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):37-38.
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  23. added 2014-04-15
    David Shaw (2014). Creating Chimeras for Organs is Legal in Switzerland. Bioethica Forum 14 (1).
    Switzerland has very detailed laws regulating the use of animals in agriculture, entertainment and science. There are also many Swiss laws governing the genetic modification of animals, protecting human embryos, and criminalising the creation of human/animal chimeras or hybrids. Despite all these regulations, the creation of an animal embryo that will develop a human organ using induced pluripotent stem cells and the subsequent birth of the resulting chimera would actually be permitted by current legislation. While this might appear to be (...)
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  24. added 2014-04-15
    Joseph P. DeMarco, Paul J. Ford, Dana J. Patton & Douglas O. Stewart (2014). Response to the Open Peer Commentaries on “Is There an Ethical Obligation to Disclose Controversial Risk? A Question From the ACCORD Trial”. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):W1 - W2.
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  25. added 2014-04-15
    Holly A. Taylor, Ellen Kuwana & Benjamin S. Wilfond (2014). Ethics of Continuing to Provide a Drug on an Open-Label Extension Study for an “Unapproved Indication”. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):56-56.
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  26. added 2014-04-15
    Lantz Fleming Miller (2014). Review of Jan Baars, Aging and the Art of Living. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):62-63.
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  27. added 2014-04-15
    Darryl Macer (2014). A Public Ethos of Enhancement Across Asia. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):45-47.
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  28. added 2014-04-15
    Ben Almassi (2014). Trust and the Duty of Organ Donation. Bioethics 28 (4).
    Several recent publications in biomedical ethics argue that organ donation is generally morally obligatory and failure to do so is morally indefensible. Arguments for this moral conclusion tend to be of two kinds: arguments from fairness and arguments from easy rescue. While I agree that many of us have a duty to donate, in this article I criticize these arguments for a general duty of organ donation and their application to organ procurement policy. My concern is that these arguments neglect (...)
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  29. added 2014-04-15
    Philip Robichaud (2014). Moral Capacity Enhancement Does Not Entail Moral Worth Enhancement. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):33-34.
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  30. added 2014-04-15
    Joseph P. DeMarco, Paul J. Ford, Dana J. Patton & Douglas O. Stewart (2014). Is There an Ethical Obligation to Disclose Controversial Risk? A Question From the ACCORD Trial. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):4-10.
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  31. added 2014-04-15
    Thomas Erren, Juliane Groß, David Shaw & Barbara Selle (2014). The Representation of Women as Authors, Reviewers, Editors-in-Chief, and Editorial Board Members at Six General Medical Journals in 2010 and 2011. JAMA Internal Medicine 174 (4):633.
    Although more women continue to enter the medical profession, disparities between the sexes in academic medicine persist. This “gender gap” has implications for academic advancement. In 2006, Jagsi and colleagues reported that, although the proportion of women among first and last authors in the United States had significantly increased since 1970, women still represented a minority of the authors of original research and guest editorials in six prominent medical journals.1 In a related 2008 study, Jagsi and colleagues found a substantial (...)
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  32. added 2014-04-15
    Tomas J. Silber (2014). Researchers Have an Ethical Obligation to Disclose the Availability of Off-Label Marketed Drugs. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):52-52.
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  33. added 2014-04-15
    John Phillips & David Wendler (2014). Which Alternatives Should Investigators Disclose to Research Subjects? American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):54-55.
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  34. added 2014-04-15
    Flora Colledge, Kirsten Persson, Bernice Elger & David Shaw (2014). Sample and Data Sharing Barriers in Biobanking: Consent, Committees, and Compromises. Annals of Diagnostic Pathology 18 (2):78-81.
    The ability to exchange samples and data is crucial for the rapidly growth of biobanking. However, sharing is based on the assumption that the donor has given consent to a given use of her or his sample. Biobanking stakeholders, therefore, must choose 1 of 3 options: obtain general consent enabling multiple future uses before taking a sample from the donor, try to obtain consent again before sharing a previously obtained sample, or look for a legally endorsed way to share a (...)
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  35. added 2014-04-15
    Ingmar Persson & Julian Savulescu (2014). Against Fetishism About Egalitarianism and in Defense of Cautious Moral Bioenhancement. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):39-42.
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  36. added 2014-04-15
    Ryan R. Nash (2014). The Role of Clinical Equipoise and Practical Considerations in Deciding Whether to Continue to Provide a Drug on an Open-Label Extension Study for an “Unapproved Indication”. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):59-60.
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  37. added 2014-04-15
    Gwendolyn P. Quinn, Eric B. Haura & Devin Murphy (2014). The Ethical Imperative of Risk Disclosure in Research: The Answer Is Always Yes. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):18-19.
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  38. added 2014-04-15
    Silviya Lechner (2014). Why Moral Bioenhancement Is a Bad Idea and Why Egalitarianism Would Make It Worse. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):31-32.
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  39. added 2014-04-15
    Felice Marshall (2014). Would Moral Bioenhancement Lead to an Inegalitarian Society? American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4):29-30.
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  40. added 2014-04-15
    N. Cugueró-Escofet & J. M. Rosanas (2012). Justice as a Crucial Formal and Informal Element of Management Control Systems. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):155.
    Management control systems include justice implicitly, as they believe that the market provides what is just or not through the market value. Psychological literature has deemed that people can perceive which procedures and decisions are just or not. In this paper, we argue that management control systems need to include justice criteria explicitly, beyond mere market value, in both their design (formal justice) and use (informal justice). This will increase the probability that organizational members will collaborate to achieve organizational goals.
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  41. added 2014-04-15
    Ballarín Jm, Marín Fx & A. J. Navarro (2012). Knowledge and Acknowledgement: Concept of Alterity as a Tool for Social Interaction. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):135.
    Human beings inhabit a symbolic reality that articulates meaning. This is culture understood as a web of meanings that actually builds our identity by providing guidance in the complexity of our environment. It is the complex interplay between identity and alterity, between interiority and exteriority, between familiarity and strangeness. Worldviews set up borders that delimit one's own world and others' ground by establishing stereotypes and prejudices. This article presents the results of a research project on prejudices towards the other in (...)
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  42. added 2014-04-15
    A. Argandoña, N. Bilbeny, V. Camps, M. Calsina, Castiñeira à, C. Palazzi, F. Requejo, R. Ribera, B. Román, F. Sàez, M. Seguró, F. Torralba, Vallès Jm & R. Thomas (2012). Code of Ethics for Politicians. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):9.
    Antonio Argandoña, Norbert Bilbeny, Victòria Camps, Miquel Calsina, Àngel Castiñeira, Cristian Palazzi, Ferran Requejo, Raimon Ribera, Begoña Román, Ferran Sàez, Miquel Seguró, Francesc Torralba, Josep Maria Vallès, Rosamund Thomas Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 2012 3(3):9-16.
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  43. added 2014-04-15
    D. Murillo & S. Vallentin (2012). CSR, SMES and Social Capital: An Empirical Study and Conceptual Reflection. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):17.
    This paper is a response to the opening of new lines of research on CSR and SMEs (Thompson & Smith, 1991; Spence, 1999; Moore & Smith, 2006; Spence, 2007). It seeks to explore the business case for CSR in this corporate segment. The paper, which is based on four case studies of medium-sized firms in the automotive sector, took the distinctive approach of trying to understand the nature of CSR-like activities developed not by best-in-class CSR-driven companies but by purely competitiveness-driven (...)
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  44. added 2014-04-15
    Cold War America (1998). Review of Edwards' The Closed World. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 8:463-468.
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  45. added 2014-04-14
    Christopher Chan & Brenda Scott-Ladd (forthcoming). The Judas Within: A Look at the Sexual Abuse Crisis in the Catholic Church. Ethics and Behavior:131122223339005.
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  46. added 2014-04-14
    Eva Erman & Niklas Möller (forthcoming). Brandom and Political Philosophy. Journal of Political Philosophy.
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  47. added 2014-04-14
    Philippe Urfalino (2014). The Rule of Non‐Opposition: Opening Up Decision‐Making by Consensus. Journal of Political Philosophy 22 (1).
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  48. added 2014-04-14
    Francesca Minerva (2014). Why Publishing Pseudonymously Can Protect Academic Freedom. Bioethics 28 (4):178-180.
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  49. added 2014-04-14
    Robert Baker (2014). Against Anonymity. Bioethics 28 (4):166-169.
    In ‘New Threats to Academic Freedom’ Francesca Minerva argues that anonymity for the authors of controversial articles is a prerequisite for academic freedom in the Internet age. This argument draws its intellectual and emotional power from the author's account of the reaction to the on-line publication of ‘ After-birth abortion: why should the baby live?’ – an article that provoked cascades of hostile postings and e-mails. Reflecting on these events, Minerva proposes that publishers should offer the authors of controversial articles (...)
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  50. added 2014-04-14
    Angus Dawson & Jonathan Herington (2014). Academic Freedom and the Professional Responsibilities of Applied Ethicists: A Comment on Minerva. Bioethics 28 (4):174-177.
    Academic freedom is an important good, but it comes with several responsibilities. In this commentary we seek to do two things. First, we argue against Francesca Minerva's view of academic freedom as presented in her article ‘New threats to academic freedom’ on a number of grounds. We reject the nature of the absolutist moral claim to free speech for academics implicit in the article; we reject the elitist role for academics as truth-seekers explicit in her view; and we reject a (...)
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1 — 50 / 6833