Search results for 'Selfishness' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  5
    Linnda R. Caporael, Robyn M. Dawes, John M. Orbell & Alphons J. C. van de Kragt (1989). Selfishness Examined: Cooperation in the Absence of Egoistic Incentives. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (4):683.
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  2.  62
    David Sloan Wilson (1992). On the Relationship Between Evolutionary and Psychological Definitions of Altruism and Selfishness. Biology and Philosophy 7 (1):61-68.
    I examine the relationship between evolutionary definitions of altruism that are based on fitness effects and psychological definitions that are based on the motives of the actor. I show that evolutionary altruism can be motivated by proximate mechanisms that are psychologically either altruistic or selfish. I also show that evolutionary definitions do rely upon motives as a metaphor in which the outcome of natural selection is compared to the decisions of a psychologically selfish (or altruistic) individual. Ignoring the precise nature (...)
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  3.  13
    Mary Midgley (2011). The Mythology of Selfishness. The Philosophers' Magazine 53:35-45.
    Darwin said that our social instincts are so crucial to our lives that they must have been strongly developed during evolution by means of group-selection. These instincts now ground our motives and shape the complexity of our lives. So the idea of deriving all our motivation from the single stem of “selfishness” is radically mistaken.
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  4.  29
    Pierre Le Morvan (2009). Selfishness, Altruism, and Our Future Selves. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (3):409 – 424.
    In this article, I defend the thesis that selfishness and altruism can be intrapersonal . In doing so, I argue that the notions of intrapersonal altruism and selfishness usefully pick out behavioural patterns and have predictive value. I also argue that my thesis helps enrich our understanding of the prudential, and can subsume some interesting work in economic and psychological theory.
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  5.  27
    Joshua M. Ackerman & Douglas T. Kenrick (2009). Selfishness and Sex or Cooperation and Family Values? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):21-21.
    Evolutionary models of behavior often encounter resistance due to an apparent focus on themes of sex, selfishness, and gender differences. The target article might seem ripe for such criticism. However, life history theory suggests that these themes, and their counterparts, including cooperation, generosity, and gender similarities, represent two sides of the same coin – all are consequences of reproductive trade-offs made throughout development.
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  6.  18
    Sarah F. Brosnan & Frans B. M. de Waal (2005). A Cross-Species Perspective on the Selfishness Axiom. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):818-818.
    Henrich et al. describe an innovative research program investigating cross-cultural differences in the selfishness axiom (in economic games) in humans, yet humans are not the only species to show such variation. Chimpanzees and capuchin monkeys show signs of deviating from the standard self-interest paradigm in experimental settings by refusing to take foods that are less valuable than those earned by conspecifics, indicating that they, too, may pay attention to relative gains. However, it is less clear whether these species also (...)
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  7.  6
    Voltairine de Cleyre, The Philosophy of Selfishness and Metaphysical Ethics (1891).
    interested. Interested because I believe that as one of the leaders of the ethical movement Mr. Slater is aware that there is no more frequent or more fatal error to overcome, in his work, than this very philosophy of selfishness, and therefore should be one of those best conversant with the proofs of its shallowness and falsity.
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  8.  6
    Tibor R. Machan (1974). Selfishness and Capitalism1. Inquiry 17 (1-4):338-344.
    Richard Schmitt's case against the psychological defense of capitalism (Inquiry, Vol. 16, No. 2) has merit, but in stating it he attributes to a defender of capitalism the argument that capitalism suits people's innate selfishness. The position more plausibly attributed to the author in question is not only resistant to Schmitt's own arguments but is worth consideration in itself.
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  9.  6
    Keith Ansell-Pearson, Beyond Selfishness : Epicurean Ethics in Nietzsche and Guyau.
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  10.  3
    Marsha Familaro Enright (2014). The Problem with Selfishness. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 14 (1):38-54.
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  11.  2
    Arnold Baise, Merlin Jetton & Marsha Familaro Enright (2015). Marsha Familaro Enright's Essay, “The Problem with Selfishness”. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 15 (1):117-125.
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  12. Richard G. Henson (1988). Butler on Selfishness and Self-Love. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (1):31-57.
  13.  18
    Robert C. Solomon (1993). Beyond Selfishness. Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (4):453-460.
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  14.  13
    Helan M. Toole (1944). Selfishness and the Social Order. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 19 (4):754-756.
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  15.  88
    George Morgan Jr (1940). Selfishness and Unselfishness. Journal of Philosophy 37 (15):401-407.
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  16.  7
    Michael Ruse (1988). Response to Williams: Selfishness is Not Enough. Zygon 23 (4):413-416.
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  17. A. C. Graham (1985). The Right to Selfishness: Yangism, Later Mohism, Chuang Tzu. In Donald J. Munro (ed.), Individualism and Holism: Studies in Confucian and Taoist Values. Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan 73--84.
     
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  18.  3
    Philip E. Tetlock (1989). The Selfishness-Altruism Debate: In Defense of Agnosticism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (4):723.
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  19.  2
    R. I. M. Dunbar (1989). Selfishness Reexamined. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (4):700.
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  20.  9
    Gregory Salmieri (2014). Aristotle on Selfishness? Understanding the Iconoclasm of Nicomachean Ethics Ix 8. Ancient Philosophy 34 (1):101-120.
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  21. Ian Vine (1989). Selfishness, Sociobiology, and Self-Identities: Dilemmas and Confusions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (4):725.
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  22.  47
    Howard Rachlin (2002). Altruism and Selfishness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):239-250.
    Many situations in human life present choices between (a) narrowly preferred particular alternatives and (b) narrowly less preferred (or aversive) particular alternatives that nevertheless form part of highly preferred abstract behavioral patterns. Such alternatives characterize problems of self-control. For example, at any given moment, a person may accept alcoholic drinks yet also prefer being sober to being drunk over the next few days. Other situations present choices between (a) alternatives beneficial to an individual and (b) alternatives that are less beneficial (...)
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  23.  3
    Lawrence E. Mitchell (1998). Stacked Deck: A Story of Selfishness in America. Temple University Press.
    In Stacked Deck, Mitchell shows us how this artificial reality buries the way we truly,live.Mitchell uses examples drawn from history, politics, law, and ...
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  24.  7
    Barry Allen (2010). The Genial Gene: Deconstructing Darwinian Selfishness. Common Knowledge 16 (3):559-559.
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  25.  3
    Alan Kirman & Miriam Teschl (2010). Do Markets Foster Selfishness? Revue de Philosophie Économique 11 (1):113.
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  26.  4
    Susan Oyama (1989). Innate Selfishness, Innate Sociality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (4):717.
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  27.  19
    A. MacC Armstrong (1980). A Dialogue on Selfishness. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 40 (4):496-511.
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  28.  21
    Charles F. Smith (2010). The Genial Gene: Deconstructing Darwinian Selfishness. By Joan Roughgarden. Zygon 45 (1):284-285.
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  29.  6
    Robert C. Solomon & Patricia Werhane (1993). Beyond Selfishness: Adam Smith and the Limits of the MarketAdam Smith and His Legacy for Modern Capitalism. Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (4):453.
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  30.  18
    Joseph Katz (1948). On the Nature of Selfishness. Journal of Philosophy 45 (4):96-103.
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  31.  12
    Andrew Oldenquist (1980). The Possibility of Selfishness. American Philosophical Quarterly 17 (1):25 - 33.
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  32.  14
    Leonard A. Kennedy (1966). The Morality of Self-Interest. By Robert G. Olson. Longmans Canada, Toronto. 1965. Pp. X, 182. $4.35.The Virtue of Selfishness. By Ayn Rand. General Publishing Company Limited, Don Mills, Ontario. 1965. Pp. Xv, 207. [REVIEW] Dialogue 5 (3):461-462.
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  33.  8
    J. M. B. (1967). The Virtue of Selfishness. Review of Metaphysics 20 (4):729-729.
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  34.  11
    David K. Levine (2002). An Economist's Perspective on Altruism and Selfishness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):267-268.
    Few disagree that altruism exists. The frequency and source of altruistic behavior remain mysterious, however.
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  35.  8
    Michael Taylor (1983). Book Review:Selfishness, Altruism, and Rationality: A Theory of Social Choice. Howard Margolis. [REVIEW] Ethics 94 (1):150-.
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  36.  2
    R. Machan Tibor (2003). The Benefits of Selfishness. Free Inquiry 23 (3):61.
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  37.  2
    Alasdair I. Houston & William D. Hamilton (1989). Selfishness Reexamined: No Man is an Island. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (4):709.
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  38.  5
    Ted Honderich (1996). Consequentialism, Moralities of Concern, and Selfishness. Philosophy 71 (278):499 - 520.
    Here are some kinds of reasons for taking an action to have been morally right. It was done out of a good intention or a pure good will on the part of the agent, or was owed to a virtue of hers. It issued from the agent's moral perception or intuition with respect to a situation, not from the application of a general principle or from calculation of the consequences of possible actions. Although it would give rise to distress or (...)
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  39.  1
    John O'Connor (1987). Philanthropy and Selfishness. Social Philosophy and Policy 4 (2):113.
    The question I want to discuss is “How can I say ‘No’ to a fund-raising appeal?” Since many people apparently find it easy to say “No,” it is not clear what the problem is. Put briefly, the problem is this: I do not want to think of myself as uncaring, unfeeling, and insensitive to the needs of others. And yet, within the last year I have not responded to appeals for funds from a wide variety of causes: medical research, famine (...)
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  40. Richard J. Arneson (1982). Commerce and Selfishness. Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 8:211.
     
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  41. Daniel Brudney (2010). Styles of Selfishness. In Garry Hagberg & Walter Jost (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Literature. Wiley-Blackwell
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  42. Margaret Gruter & Roger Masters (1996). Balancing Altruism And Selfishness: Evolutionary Theory And The Foundation Of Morality. Jahrbuch für Recht Und Ethik 4.
    Although the field of bioethics usually emphasizes ethical dilemmas arising from contemporary biomedical research, at another level the foundation of ethical judgments can be explored in the light of evolutionary biology. Two scientific approaches illuminate the relationships between human nature, social environments, and standards of ethical judgment: first, ethology and the observational study of nonhuman primates; second, evolutionary theory and new developments in the understanding of natural selection. Ethology shows that humans, like the species most closely related to us, are (...)
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  43. M. B. J. (1967). The Virtue of Selfishness: A New Concept of Egoism. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 20 (4):729-729.
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  44. George P. Klubertanz (1966). "The Virtue of Selfishness," by Ayn Rand, with Additional Articles by Nathaniel Branden. Modern Schoolman 43 (3):329-329.
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  45. David Lowenthal (1998). Stewardship, Sanctimony and Selfishness–a Heritage Paradox. In John Arnold, Kate Davies & Simon Ditchfield (eds.), History and Heritage: Consuming the Past in Contemporary Culture. Donhead 169--179.
     
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  46. Tibor Machan (2003). Applied Ethics - The Benefits of Selfishness. Free Inquiry 23.
     
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  47. Mathias Risse (2008). Nietzsche on Selfishness, Justice, and the Duties of the Higher Men. In Paul Bloomfield (ed.), Morality and Self-Interest. Oxford University Press
  48.  56
    John Lippitt (2009). True Self-Love and True Self-Sacrifice. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 66 (3):125-138.
    In recent commentary on Kierkegaard’s Works of Love, a distinction is commonly drawn between ‘proper’ and ‘selfish’ forms of self- love. In arguing that not all vices of self-focus can be captured under the heading of selfishness, I seek to distinguish selfishness from self-centredness. But the latter vice has a far more handsome cousin: proper self-focus of the kind necessary for ‘becoming a self’. As various feminist thinkers have argued, this will be missed if we valorise self-sacrifice too (...)
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  49.  33
    David W. Tien (2012). Oneness and Self-Centeredness in the Moral Psychology of Wang Yangming. Journal of Religious Ethics 40 (1):52-71.
    Rather than “selfishness,” a more accurate and revealing interpretation of Wang's use of siyuis “self-centeredness.” One of the main goals in Wang's model of moral cultivation was to attain a state devoid of self-centered desires. Wang relied a great deal on the exercise and cultivation of an emotional identification and feeling of oneness with others. In this paper, I first provide a brief summary of the role of Wang's concept of siyu in his moral psychology. I then examine key (...)
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  50.  13
    Norvin Richards (2005). Choosing When to Die. Journal of Ethics 9 (3-4):517 - 531.
    What would make it the right time for you to die, or the wrong one? In particular, could it be the right time for you to die even if your loved ones want to make the sacrifices needed to prolong your life, because that would cost them too dearly? The worry is that it would be selfish to permit these sacrifies, and wrong for that reason. I think it matters that the sacrifies would occur within a relationship of mutual devotion, (...)
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