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  1. Lonnie W. Aarssen (2013). Will Empathy Save Us? Biological Theory 7 (3):211-217.
    Recent prescriptions for rescuing civilization from collapse involve extending our human capacity for empathy to a global scale. This is a worthy goal, but several indications leave grounds for cautious optimism at best. Evolutionary biology interprets non-kin helping behaviors as products of natural selection that rewarded only the transmission success of resident genes within ancestors, not their prospects for building a sustainable civilization for descendants. These descendants however are now us, threatened with ruin on a warming, overcrowded planet—and our evolutionary (...)
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  2. Natalia A. Abieva (2008). The Role of Off-Line Communication in Human Evolution. Biosemiotics 1 (3):295-311.
    The existence of embodied communication in humans places them among other living systems and helps to differentiate sign patterns that are common to all bioforms from those that are peculiarly human. Despite the fact that the biological roots of communication have been proven, the understanding of human forms of discourse is still far from being clarified. The main question remains: when and why did humans acquire the ability to exchange messages via speech? My thesis is that it became possible only (...)
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  3. Adnan S. Abu-Surrah & Bernhard Rieger (forthcoming). Problems and Paradigms: Genetic Sex Determination Mechanism and Evolution. Bioessays.
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  4. Male Aggression Against Women (1992). An Evolutionary Perspective. Human Nature 3:1-44.
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  5. Joe Alcock, Carlo C. Maley & C. Athena Aktipis (forthcoming). Is Eating Behavior Manipulated by the Gastrointestinal Microbiota? Evolutionary Pressures and Potential Mechanisms. Bioessays:n/a-n/a.
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  6. Richard D. Alexander (1976). Evolution, Human Behavior, and Determinism. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:3 - 21.
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  7. Alex Alland (2008). Evolution and Human Behaviour: An Introduction to Darwinian Anthropology. Routledge.
    Originally published in 1967. This reprints the second edition of 1973, revised and expanded. Evolution and Human Behaviour considers man’s biological and cultural development within the framework of Darwinian evolution. Rejecting analogue models of biological evolution common in the social sciences, the author shows how the theory of biological evolution applies to the study of contemporary human behaviour.
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  8. Alexander Alland (forthcoming). Darwinian Sociology Without Social Darwinism? Social Research.
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  9. Ge Allen (1991). Marxism and Human Sociobiology-Reply. Biology and Philosophy 6 (4):453-456.
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  10. Stephen J. Alter & Uwe Hossfeld (1999). Book Reviews-Darwinism and the Linguistic Image: Language, Race and Natural Theology in the Nineteenth Century. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 21 (2):236-236.
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  11. Dave Anctil (2012). L'anthropologie Politique Et le Matérialisme Décomplexé. Benoît Dubreuil, Human Evolution and the Origins of HierarchiesBenoît Dubreuil, Human Evolution and the Origins of Hierarchies. Philosophiques 39 (1):251-258.
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  12. Kristin Andrews & Brian Huss (2014). Anthropomorphism, Anthropectomy, and the Null Hypothesis. Biology and Philosophy 29 (5):711-729.
    We examine the claim that the methodology of psychology leads to a bias in animal cognition research against attributing “anthropomorphic” properties to animals . This charge is examined in light of a debate on the role of folk psychology between primatologists who emphasize similarities between humans and other apes, and those who emphasize differences. We argue that while in practice there is sometimes bias, either in the formulation of the null hypothesis or in the preference of Type-II errors over Type-I (...)
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  13. Wallace Arthur & Ariel D. Chipman (2005). The Centipede Strigamia Maritima: What It Can Tell Us About the Development and Evolution of Segmentation. Bioessays 27 (6):653-660.
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  14. John Ashcroft & John Ratcliffe (2012). The Recent and Unusual Evolution of an Expanding FCPA. Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 26 (1):25-38.
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  15. Alessandra Attanasio (2010). Darwinismo Morale: Da Darwin Alle Neuroscienze. Utet Università.
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  16. Pierre Auger, Ali Moussaoui & Gauthier Sallet (2012). Basic Reproduction Ratio for a Fishery Model in a Patchy Environment. Acta Biotheoretica 60 (1-2):167-188.
    We present a dynamical model of a multi-site fishery. The fish stock is located on a discrete set of fish habitats where it is catched by the fishing fleet. We assume that fishes remain on fishing habitats while the fishing vessels can move at a fast time scale to visit the different fishing sites. We use the existence of two time scales to reduce the dimension of the model : we build an aggregated model considering the habitat fish densities and (...)
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  17. Robert Aunger & Valerie Curtis (2013). The Anatomy of Motivation: An Evolutionary-Ecological Approach. [REVIEW] Biological Theory 8 (1):49-63.
    There have been few attempts to bring evolutionary theory to the study of human motivation. From this perspective motives can be considered psychological mechanisms to produce behavior that solves evolutionarily important tasks in the human niche. From the dimensions of the human niche we deduce eight human needs: optimize the number and survival of gene copies; maintain bodily integrity; avoid external threats; optimize sexual, environmental, and social capital; and acquire reproductive and survival skills. These needs then serve as the foundation (...)
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  18. Francisco J. Ayala (2000). Evolution of Biological Diversity. Bioessays 22 (7):681-682.
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  19. Francisco J. Ayala (1995). Adam, Eve, and Other Ancestors: A Story of Human Origins Told by Genes. [REVIEW] History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (2):303 - 313.
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  20. Francisco J. Ayala (1985). Human Nature and Evolution. [REVIEW] History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 7 (2):315 - 320.
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  21. G. F. Azzone (1996). The Disease: Evolutionary, Thermodynamical and Historical Aspect'. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17:83-106.
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  22. Eugen Baer (1982). The Medical Symptom: Phylogeny and Ontogeny. American Journal of Semiotics 1 (3):17-34.
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  23. Tudor M. Baetu (2012). Mechanistic Constraints on Evolutionary Outcomes. Philosophy of Science 79 (2):276-294.
  24. Archie J. Bahm (1954). Evolutionary Naturalism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 15 (1):1-12.
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  25. Alice Bailey (1961). The Consciousness of the Atom. New York, Lucis Pub. Co..
    The purpose of this series was to present to their auditors the testimony of science as to the relation of matter and of consciousness; to enable the ...
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  26. Drew H. Bailey & David C. Geary (2009). Hominid Brain Evolution. Human Nature 20 (1):67-79.
    Hypotheses regarding the selective pressures driving the threefold increase in the size of the hominid brain since Homo habilis include climatic conditions, ecological demands, and social competition. We provide a multivariate analysis that enables the simultaneous assessment of variables representing each of these potential selective forces. Data were collated for latitude, prevalence of harmful parasites, mean annual temperature, and variation in annual temperature for the location of 175 hominid crania dating from 1.9 million to 10 thousand years ago. We also (...)
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  27. Beth Baker (2010). Unusual Adaptations: Evolution of the Mimic Octopus. BioScience 60 (11):962-962.
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  28. Jack Baker (2011). Review of Jonathan CK Wells's The Evolutionary Biology of Human Body Fatness: Thrift and Control (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010). [REVIEW] Human Nature 22 (4):439-443.
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  29. Michael E. Baker (2003). Evolution of Adrenal and Sex Steroid Action in Vertebrates: A Ligand‐Based Mechanism for Complexity. Bioessays 25 (4):396-400.
  30. R. Balmforth (1911). The Influence of the Darwinian Theory on Ethics. International Journal of Ethics 21 (4):448-465.
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  31. Albert G. A. Balz (1927). The Characterization of Moral Evolution. International Journal of Ethics 37 (4):403-418.
  32. Marcello Barbieri (2011). Origin and Evolution of the Brain. Biosemiotics 4 (3):369-399.
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  33. Marcello Barbieri (2003). The Organic Codes: An Introduction to Semantic Biology. Cambridge University Press.
    The genetic code appeared on Earth with the first cells. The codes of cultural evolution arrived almost four billion years later. These are the only codes that are recognized by modern biology. In this book, however, Marcello Barbieri explains that there are many more organic codes in nature, and their appearance not only took place throughout the history of life but marked the major steps of that history. A code establishes a correspondence between two independent 'worlds', and the codemaker is (...)
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  34. Matthew J. Barker & Joel D. Velasco (2014). Deep Conventionalism About Evolutionary Groups. Philosophy of Science 80 (5):971-982.
    We reject a widespread objectivism about kinds of evolutionary groups in favor of a new conventionalism. Surprisingly, being any one kind of evolutionary group typically depends on which of many incompatible values are taken by suppressed variables. This novel pluralism underlies almost any single evolutionary group concept, unlike familiar pluralisms claiming that multiple concepts of certain sorts are legitimate. Consequently, we must help objective facts determine which candidate evolutionary groups satisfy the definition of a given evolutionary group concept, regardless of (...)
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  35. S. A. Barnett (1959). Behavior and Evolution. The Eugenics Review 51 (3):172.
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  36. H. Clark Barrett, Stephen Stich & Stephen Laurence (2012). Should the Study of Homo Sapiens Be Part of Cognitive Science? Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (3):379-386.
    Beller, Bender, and Medin argue that a reconciliation between anthropology and cognitive science seems unlikely. We disagree. In our view, Beller et al.’s view of the scope of what anthropology can offer cognitive science is too narrow. In focusing on anthropology’s role in elucidating cultural particulars, they downplay the fact that anthropology can reveal both variation and universals in human cognition, and is in a unique position to do so relative to the other subfields of cognitive science. Indeed, without cross-cultural (...)
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  37. Jeffrey A. Barrett (2013). The Evolution of Simple Rule-Following. Biological Theory 8 (2):142-150.
    We are concerned here with explaining how successful rule-following behavior might evolve and how an old evolved rule might come to be successfully used in a new context. Such rule-following behavior is illustrated in the transitive judgments of pinyon and scrub-jays (Bond et al., Anim Behav 65:479–487, 2003). We begin by considering how successful transitive rule-following behavior might evolve in the context of Skyrms–Lewis sender–receiver games (Lewis, Convention. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1969; Skyrms, Philos Sci 75:489–500, 2006). We then consider (...)
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  38. Robin Dunbar & Barrett & Louise (2009). Evolutionary Pyschology in the Round. In Robin Dunbar & Louise Barrett (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology. Oup Oxford.
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  39. Patrick Bateson (2006). The Nest's Tale. A Reply to Richard Dawkins. Biology and Philosophy 21 (4):553-558.
    If temperature does not vary from one generation from to the next but its value is crucial for the development of particular phenotypic characteristics, a long-term change in its value may trigger major evolutionary changes of the organism. If a bird's nest maintains the critical temperature, then a statement that the bird is the nest's way of making another nest is as helpful as accounts couched in terms of genes' intentions. However, the language of intentions rests on different evidence and (...)
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  40. H. Heath Bawden & Kevin S. Decker (2008). The Evolution of the Psychical Element, by George Herbert Mead (Dec. 1899–March 1900 or 1898–1899). Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 44 (3):480 - 507.
    George Herbert Mead's lectures at the University of Chicago are more important to understanding Mead's views on social psychology than some commentators, such as Hans Joas, have emphasized. Mead's 1898-99 lecture series, preserved through the notes of his student H. Heath Bawden, demonstrate his devotion to Hegelianism as a method of thinking and how this influenced his non-reductive approach to functionalist psychology. In addition, Mead's breadth of historical knowledge and his commitments in the natural and social sciences are on display (...)
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  41. Timothy M. Beardsley (2009). The Individual Benefits of Evolution. BioScience 59 (4):275-275.
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  42. Lars Beckman (1962). Assortative Mating in Man. The Eugenics Review 54 (2):63.
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  43. Colin Beer (1994). Continuing Behavioral Perspectives Perspectives in Ethology. Vol. 10. Behavior and Evolution P. P. G. Bateson Peter H. Klopfer Nicholas S. Thompson. [REVIEW] BioScience 44 (8):562-563.
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  44. Edward G. Belaga (forthcoming). Emergence and Evolution of Natural Languages: New Epistemological, Mathematical & Algorithmic Perspectives. LCC-2008–The International Conference on Language. Communication and Cognition. Brighton, Uk.
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  45. Jay Belsky (1997). Attachment, Mating, and Parenting. Human Nature 8 (4):361-381.
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  46. May R. Berenbaum (1983). Coumarins and Caterpillars: A Case for Coevolution. BioScience 33 (3):194-195.
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  47. Rinaldo C. Bertossa (2005). Evolution of Behaviour: Bridging the Gap Between Evolutionary and Developmental Genetics. Bioessays 27 (12):1303-1304.
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  48. Laura Betzig (2013). Eusociality: From the First Foragers to the First States. Human Nature:1-5.
    People have always been social. Ethnographic evidence suggests that transfers of food and labor are common among contemporary hunter-gatherers, and they probably were common in Paleolithic groups. Archaeological evidence suggests that cooperative breeding went up as we settled down: as territory defenders became more successful breeders, their helpers’ fertility would have been delayed or depressed. And written evidence from the Neolithic suggests that the first civilizations were often eusocial; emperors fathered hundreds of children, who were provided for and protected by (...)
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  49. Michael S. Billinger (2007). Racial Classification in the Evolutionary Sciences: A Comparative Analysis. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 29 (4):429 - 467.
    Human racial classification has long been a problem for the discipline of anthropology, but much of the criticism of the race concept has focused on its social and political connotations. The central argument of this paper is that race is not a specifically human problem, but one that exists in evolutionary thought in general. This paper looks at various disciplinary approaches to racial or subspecies classification, extending its focus beyond the anthropological race concept by providing a comparative analysis of the (...)
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  50. H. James Birx (1984). Coevolving Coevolution D. J. Futuyma M. Slatkin Coevolution M. H. Nitecki. BioScience 34 (11):722-723.
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