Results for 'Agnes Scholz'

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  1.  16
    The Role of Vagueness in the Numerical Translation of Verbal Probabilities: A Fuzzy Approach.Franziska Bocklisch, Steffen F. Bocklisch, Martin Rk Baumann, Agnes Scholz & Josef F. Krems - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
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  2.  2
    Eye Movements Reveal Memory Processes During Similarity- and Rule-Based Decision Making.Agnes Scholz, Bettina von Helversen & Jörg Rieskamp - 2015 - Cognition 136:228-246.
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  3. Die Religionsphilosophie des Herbert von Cherbury, Auszüge Aus 'de Veritate', 1624, Und 'de Religione Gentilium'. 1663 Herausg. Von H. Scholz[REVIEW]Edward Herbert & Heinrich Scholz - 1914
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  4. Neuer Anti-Kant Und, Atomenlehre des Seligen Bolzano : Mit den Editionsmaterialien der von Heinrich Scholz Und Walter Dubislav Geplanten Ausgabe des 'Neuen Anti-Kant' Und Einer Ausführlichen Einleitung von Edgar Morscher.F. Prihonský, Heinrich Scholz, Walter Dubislav, Edgar Morscher & Christian Thiel (eds.) - 2003 - Academia.
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  5.  34
    Political Solidarity.Sally J. Scholz - 2008 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Experiences of solidarity have figured prominently in the politics of the modern era, from the rallying cry of liberation theology for solidarity with the poor and oppressed, through feminist calls for sisterhood, to such political movements as Solidarity in Poland. Yet very little academic writing has focused on solidarity in conceptual rather than empirical terms. Sally Scholz takes on this critical task here. She lays the groundwork for a theory of political solidarity, asking what solidarity means and how it (...)
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  6.  2
    Conventionnalisme critique et philosophie du comme si.Walter Scholz - 2014 - Philosophia Scientae 18:79-92.
    Cette section contient une traduction par Christophe Bouriau d’un article de Walter Scholz : « Kristischer Konventionalismus und Philosophie des Als Ob », [Scholz 1924-1925]. Centré sur les distinctions entre fiction, hypo­thèse, convention, cet article mobilise des analyses d’Henri Poincaré, de Hans Vaïhinger et de Hugo Dingler.
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  7.  2
    Conventionnalisme critique et philosophie du comme si.Walter Scholz - 2014 - Philosophia Scientiæ 18:79-92.
    Cette section contient une traduction par Christophe Bouriau d’un article de Walter Scholz : « Kristischer Konventionalismus und Philosophie des Als Ob », [Scholz 1924-1925]. Centré sur les distinctions entre fiction, hypo­thèse, convention, cet article mobilise des analyses d’Henri Poincaré, de Hans Vaïhinger et de Hugo Dingler.
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  8.  12
    Philosophical Perspectives on Democracy in the 21st Century.Ann Cudd & Sally Scholz (eds.) - 2014 - Springer.
    Chapter. 1. Philosophical. Perspectives. on. Democracy. in. the. Twenty-First. Century: Introduction. Ann E. Cudd and Sally J. Scholz Abstract Recent global movements, including the Arab Spring, the Occupy Movement, as well as polarizing ...
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  9.  13
    Explanation in the Special Science: The Case of Biology and History.Marie I. Kaiser, Oliver Scholz, Daniel Plenge & Andreas Hüttemann (eds.) - 2014 - Dordrecht: Springer.
    Contents 1 Introduction – Points of Contact between Biology and History Marie I. Kaiser and Daniel Plenge Part I General Issues on Explanation 2 The Ontic Account of Scientific Explanation, Carl F. Craver Part II Explanation in the Biological Sciences 3 Causal Graphs and Biological Mechanisms, Alexander Gebharter and Marie I. Kaiser 4 Semiotic Explanation in the Biological Sciences, Ulrich Krohs 5 Mechanisms, Pathomechanisms, and Disease in Scientific Clinical Medicine, Gerhard Müller-Strahl 6 The Generalizations of Biology: Historical and Contingent? Alexander (...)
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  10.  43
    That All Children Should Be Free: Beauvoir, Rousseau, and Childhood.Sally J. Scholz - 2010 - Hypatia 25 (2):394 - 411.
    Simone de Beauvoir offers one of the most interesting philosophical accounts of childhood, and, as numerous scholars have argued, it is one of the most important contributions that she made to existentialism. Beauvoir stressed the importance of childhood on one's ability to assume one's freedom. This radically changed how freedom was construed for existentialism. Rather than positing an adult subjectivity that tries to flee freedom through bad faith, Beauvoir's account forces a recognition of a situated freedom that itself is also (...)
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  11.  36
    Why Organizational Ecology is Not a Darwinian Research Program.Thomas A. C. Reydon & Markus Scholz - 2009 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 39 (3):408-439.
    Organizational ecology is commonly seen as a Darwinian research program that seeks to explain the diversity of organizational structures, properties and behaviors as the product of selection in past social environments in a similar manner as evolutionary biology seeks to explain the forms, properties and behaviors of organisms as consequences of selection in past natural environments. We argue that this explanatory strategy does not succeed because organizational ecology theory lacks an evolutionary mechanism that could be identified as the principal cause (...)
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  12. Adoption, ART, and a Re‐Conception of the Maternal Body: Toward Embodied Maternity.Sarah‐Vaughan Brakman & Sally J. Scholz - 2006 - Hypatia 21 (1):54-73.
    We criticize a view of maternity that equates the natural with the genetic and biological and show how such a practice overdetermines the maternal body and the maternal experience for women who are mothers through adoption and ART . As an alternative, we propose a new framework designed to rethink maternal bodies through the lens of feminist embodiment. Feminist embodied maternity, as we call it, stresses the particularity of experience through subjective embodiment. A feminist embodied maternity emphasizes the physical relations (...)
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  13. Darwinism and Organizational Ecology A Case of Incompleteness or Incompatibility?Thomas A. C. Reydon & Markus Scholz - 2014 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 44 (3):365-374.
    Recently, Dollimore criticized our claim that Organizational Ecology is not a Darwinian research program. She argued that Organizational Ecology is merely an incomplete Darwinian program and provided a suggestion as to how this incompleteness could be remedied. Here, we argue that Dollimore’s suggestion fails to remedy the principal problem that Organizational Ecology faces and that there are good reasons to think of the program as deeply incompatible with Darwinian thinking.
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  14.  13
    Searching for Darwinism in Generalized Darwinism.Thomas A. C. Reydon & Markus Scholz - 2015 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 66 (3):561-589.
    While evolutionary thinking is increasingly becoming popular in fields of investigation outside the biological sciences, it remains unclear how helpful it is there and whether it actually yields good explanations of the phenomena under study. Here we examine the ontology of a recent approach to applying evolutionary thinking outside biology, the generalized Darwinism approach proposed by Geoffrey Hodgson and Thorbjørn Knudsen. We examine the ontology of populations in biology and in GD, and argue that biological evolutionary theory sets ontological criteria (...)
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  15.  72
    Irrational Nativist Exuberance.Barbara C. Scholz & Geoffrey K. Pullum - 2006 - In Robert J. Stainton (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Cognitive Science. Malden MA: Blackwell. pp. 59--80.
  16.  13
    Hermann Weyls Analysis of the Problem of Space and the Origin of Gauge Structures.Erhard Scholz - 2004 - Science in Context 17 (1-2):165-197.
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  17.  22
    Learning Antecedents for Anaphoric One.Nameera Akhtar, Maureen Callanan, Geoffrey K. Pullum & Barbara C. Scholz - 2004 - Cognition 93 (2):141-145.
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  18. Experts: What They Are and How We Recognize Them—a Discussion of Alvin Goldman's Views.Oliver R. Scholz - 2009 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 79 (1):187-205.
    What are experts? Are there only experts in a subjective sense or are there also experts in an objective sense? And how, if at all, may non-experts recognize experts in an objective sense? In this paper, I approach these important questions by discussing Alvin I. Goldman's thoughts about how to define objective epistemic authority and about how non-experts are able to identify experts. I argue that a multiple epistemic desiderata approach is superior to Goldman's purely veritistic approach.
     
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  19. Introduction: Points of Control.Trebor Scholz - 2010 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 77 (3):931-940.
     
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  20.  38
    Political Solidarity and Violent Resistance.Sally J. Scholz - 2007 - Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (1):38–52.
    This article examines the particular moral obligations of solidarity focusing on the solidary commitment against injustice or oppression. I argue that political solidarity entails three relationships—to other participants in action, to a cause or goal, and to those outside the unity of political solidarity. These relationships inform certain obligations. Activism is one of those obligations and I argue that violent activism is incompatible with the other relations and duties of solidarity. Activists may find themselves confronted with a difficult choice between (...)
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  21.  11
    Introduction.Carol C. Gould & Sally J. Scholz - 2007 - Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (1):3–6.
  22.  23
    Organizational Ecology: No Darwinian Evolution After All. A Rejoinder to Lemos.M. Scholz & T. A. C. Reydon - 2010 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 40 (3):504-512.
    In a recent article we argued that organizational ecology is not a Darwinian research program. John Lemos criticized our argumentation on various counts. Here we reply to some of Lemos’s criticisms.
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  23.  16
    For Universals (but Not Finite-State Learning) Visit the Zoo.Geoffrey K. Pullum & Barbara C. Scholz - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (5):466-467.
    Evans & Levinson's (E&L's) major point is that human languages are intriguingly diverse rather than (like animal communication systems) uniform within the species. This does not establish a about language universals, or advance the ill-framed pseudo-debate over universal grammar. The target article does, however, repeat a troublesome myth about Fitch and Hauser's (2004) work on pattern learning in cotton-top tamarins.
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  24.  19
    The Population Ecology Programme in Organisation Studies.Markus Scholz & Thomas A. C. Reydon - 2008 - Philosophy of Management 6 (3):39-51.
    Economics and social sciences in general have a long tradition of using theories, models, concepts, and so forth borrowed from the natural sciences to describe and explain the properties and behaviours of economic and social entities. However, unwarranted application of theoretical elements from the natural sciences in the economic/social domain can have adverse consequences for organisations, their employees and society in general. Focusing on biology and organisation studies, we discuss the general problems that may arise when theoretical elements from natural (...)
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  25. The Ancient Axiomatic Theory.Heinrich Scholz - 1975 - In Jonathan Barnes, Malcolm Schofield & Richard Sorabji (eds.), Articles on Aristotle. Duckworth. pp. 1--50.
     
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  26. Bild, Darstellung, Zeichen. Philosophische Theorien bildhafter Darstellung.Oliver R. Scholz - 1992 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 54 (2):341-342.
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  27.  51
    Adoption, ART, and a Re-Conception of the Maternal Body: Toward Embodied Maternity.Sarah-Vaughn Brakman & Sally J. Scholz - 2006 - Hypatia 21 (1):54-73.
    : We criticize a view of maternity that equates the natural with the genetic and biological and show how such a practice overdetermines the maternal body and the maternal experience for women who are mothers through adoption and ART (Assisted Reproductive Technologies). As an alternative, we propose a new framework designed to rethink maternal bodies through the lens of feminist embodiment. Feminist embodied maternity, as we call it, stresses the particularity of experience through subjective embodiment. A feminist embodied maternity emphasizes (...)
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  28.  44
    A Solid Sense of Syntax.Oliver Robert Scholz - 2000 - Erkenntnis 52 (2):199-212.
    Every materially adequate explication of the concepts ``picture''and ``the pictorial'' has to appeal to syntactical properties.From the available definitions, a conception of syntax is extractedthat is applicable to symbol systems of any sort. Against thisbackground, it is shown that a non-semantical characterization ofthe pictorial is mandatory. Finally, specific syntactical featuresare explicated that recommend themselves as necessary conditions forthe application of the concept of a picture.
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  29. Persons Transformed by Political Solidarity.Sally Scholz - 2010 - Appraisal 8.
     
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  30. Verstehen und Rationalitat.O. R. Scholz - 2001 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 2:143-144.
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  31. Philosophy and Linguistics.Barbara C. Scholz, Francis Jeffry Pelletier & Geoffrey K. Pullum - 2000 - Dialogue 39 (3):605-607.
    Philosophy of linguistics is the philosophy of science as applied to linguistics. This differentiates it sharply from the philosophy of language, traditionally concerned with matters of meaning and reference.
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  32.  39
    Introduction: The History of Social Epistemology.Oliver R. Scholz & Frederick F. Schmitt - 2010 - Episteme 7 (1):1-6.
    Social epistemology is a burgeoning branch of contemporary epistemology. Since the 1970s, philosophers have taken an ever-increasing interest in such topics as the epistemic value of testimony, the nature and function of expertise, the proper distribution of cognitive labor and resources among individuals in communities, and the status of group reasoning and knowledge. This trend emerged against the resistance of the widely shared view that social considerations are largely irrelevant to epistemological concerns. The trend was stimulated by diverse approaches to (...)
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  33.  1
    Grundzüge der Mathematischen Logik.Heinrich Scholz & G. Hasenjaeger - 1961 - Springer.
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  34.  30
    Problems.Heinrich Scholz, G. Kreisel & Leon Henkin - 1952 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 17 (2):160.
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  35.  9
    Introduction: The History of Social Epistemology.Frederick F. Schmitt & Oliver R. Scholz - 2010 - Episteme 7 (1):1-6.
    Social epistemology is a burgeoning branch of contemporary epistemology. Since the 1970s, philosophers have taken an ever-increasing interest in such topics as the epistemic value of testimony, the nature and function of expertise, the proper distribution of cognitive labor and resources among individuals in communities, and the status of group reasoning and knowledge. This trend emerged against the resistance of the widely shared view that social considerations are largely irrelevant to epistemological concerns. The trend was stimulated by diverse approaches to (...)
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  36.  24
    Seven Principles for Better Practical Ethics.Sally J. Scholz - 1996 - Teaching Philosophy 19 (4):337-355.
    This paper attends to the question of how to effectively teach ethics in universities. The author challenges the accepted skepticism amongst other disciplines that philosophers are no longer equipped to teach ethics courses to accommodate the moral demands of the contemporary world. Philosophers are believed to merely focus on abstract issues concerning moral attitudes and behavior. Currently, ethics courses in universities have replaced abstract moral issues of moral theory with concrete issues such as, homosexuality, the green house effect, pornography, and (...)
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  37.  7
    Wie versteht man eine Person?Oliver Robert Scholz - 1999 - Analyse & Kritik 21 (1):75-96.
    When we attempt to understand a person we make use of a body of practices called 'folk psychology'. After clarifying the status and the content of folk psychology, the paper focuses on the current debate about its form. A version of the 'theory theory' is sketched that tries to do justice to the holism of the mental and to the constraining role of presumptions of coherence for the ascription of intentional states. Against this background, it is argued that radical simulationism, (...)
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  38.  21
    Systematicity and Natural Language Syntax.Barbara C. Scholz - 2007 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 7 (3):375-402.
    A lengthy debate in the philosophy of the cognitive sciences has turned on whether the phenomenon known as ‘systematicity’ of language and thought shows that connectionist explanatory aspirations are misguided. We investigate the issue of just which phenomenon ‘systematicity’ is supposed to be. The much-rehearsed examples always suggest that being systematic has something to do with ways in which some parts of expressions in natural languages (and, more conjecturally, some parts of thoughts) can be substituted for others without altering well-formedness. (...)
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  39.  51
    Civil Disobedience in the Social Theory of Thomas Aquinas.Sally J. Scholz - 1996 - The Thomist 60 (3):449-462.
    In this article I define civil disobedience and classify it into four forms based on motive and extent of dissent. I then present Thomas Aquinas's account for justified civil disobedience. After first determining how a law or system of laws is unjust, the duty (virtue) of obedience to just and unjust laws is discussed. Finally, I argue that of the four possible forms of civil disobedience, Aquinas's natural Law Theory only clearly allows the fourth, i.e., altruistic disobedience of an unjust (...)
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  40.  30
    The Rise of Symmetry Concepts in the Atomistic and Dynamistic Schools of Crystallography, 1815-1830.Erhard Scholz - 1989 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 42 (1):109-122.
  41.  49
    When is a Picture?Oliver R. Scholz - 1993 - Synthese 95 (1):95 - 106.
    Philosophical discussions of depiction sometimes suffer from a lack of differentiation between several questions concerning the nature of pictorial representation. To provide a suitable framework I distinguish six such questions and several levels on which one might want to proceed in order to answer some of them. With this background, I reconstruct Goodman's and Elgin's answer to the specific question: What distinguishes the pictorial from the verbal or linguistic? I try to reveal some major motivations behind their system-oriented approach and (...)
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  42.  86
    Conscious and Preconscious Uses of Memory in Patients with Depressive and Somatoform Disorders.Ralf Dohrenbusch, O. Berndt Scholz & Ralf Ott - 2006 - Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 28 (2):69-77.
  43. Mathesis Universalis Abhandlungen Zur Philosophie Als Strenger Wissenschaft.Heinrich Scholz - 1961 - B. Schwabe.
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  44.  5
    Cognitive Processing of Linear Orderings.Karl W. Scholz & George R. Potts - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (2):323.
  45.  19
    Peacemaking in Domestic Violence: From an Ethics of Care to an Ethics of Advocacy.Sally J. Scholz - 1998 - Journal of Social Philosophy 29 (2):46-58.
  46. Wittgenstein Über Die Seele.Eike von Savigny & Oliver R. Scholz - 1995
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  47.  45
    Human Rights, Radical Feminism, and Rape in War.Sally J. Scholz - 2005 - Social Philosophy Today 21:207-224.
    This paper looks at some prominent discussions of rape in war as a violation of human rights within Radical Feminism. I begin with a brief overview of United Nations declarations and actions on the subject of rape in war. I then look at some radical feminist accounts of rape in war as a violation of human rights with particular emphasis on the discussions of Susan Brownmiller and Catharine MacKinnon. I conclude the paper with a critical analysis of these radical feminist (...)
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  48.  28
    Wissenschaftstheorie, Erkenntnistheorie und Metaphysik – Klärungen zu einem ungeklärten Verhältnis.Oliver R. Scholz - 2013 - Philosophia Naturalis 50 (1):5-24.
    The paper aims at clarifying the relationship between philosophy of science, epistemology and metaphysics. I begin with a characterization of philosophy. Philosophy as a second order discipline differs from any of the individual sciences. Typically, it attempts to answer questions of the form "How is it possible that p?". Next I present the aims and tasks of epistemology, before, finally, I turn to the relationship between philosophy of science and epistemology. At this point, metaphysics enters the scene. It turns out (...)
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  49.  19
    Virtuous Bacchanalia.Chiji Akoma & Sally Scholz - 2009 - Clr James Journal 15 (1):206-227.
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  50. Zur Funktion des Mythos in 'Die Wahlverwandtschaften'.Gustav Seibt & Oliver Scholz - 1985 - Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift für Literaturwissenschaft Und Geistesgeschichte 59:609-630.
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