G. W. F. Hegel

Edited by Paul Redding (University of Sydney)
Assistant editor: Paolo Diego Bubbio (University of Western Sydney, Hawkesbury)
About this topic

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831) is generally considered to be the most systematic philosopher within the movement of “German idealism” in the first decades of the Nineteenth Century. In his writings, and particularly in his popular lectures at the University of Berlin in the 1820s, Hegel attempted to elaborate a comprehensive and systematic philosophy from a “logical” starting point. He is perhaps most well-known for his social and political philosophy and for his teleological account of history, an account which was later taken over by Karl Marx and “inverted” into a materialist theory of an historical development culminating in communism. For most of the twentieth century, the “logical” and systematic side of Hegel's thought had been largely forgotten, but his political and social philosophy continued to attract interest and support. Since the 1970s, a degree of more general philosophical interest in Hegel’s systematic thought has also been revived, often treating Hegel’s philosophy in relation to the earlier “transcendental” idealism of Immanuel Kant.

Key works Hegel's first major publication was his Phenomenology of Spirit (Phänomenologie des Geistes) [Hegel 1977], published in 1807. Working through this work was meant to lift the reader from their naturally perspectival view of the world to the objective standpoint of philosophy or "science" (Wissenschaft). This work was followed by his Science of Logic (Wissenschaft der Logik) published in three volumes in 1812, 1813 and 1816 [Hegel 2010], and then, in 1817, his Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences, comprising a shortened "Logic" [Hegel 2010], a "Philosophy of Nature" [Hegel 1970] and a "Philosophy of Spirit" [Hegel 1970]. While occupying the chair of philosophy at the University of Berlin, Hegel gave multiple lecture series on the Philosophy of History [Hegel 2011], the History of Philosophy [Brown 2009, Brown 2006, Brown 2009], Aesthetics [Hegel 1998, Hegel 1998], and Philosophy of Religion [Hegel 2006].
Introductions Online encyclopedia articles: David A. Duquette, "Hegel's Social and Political Thought" [Duquette 2001]; Paul Redding, "G. W. F. Hegel" [Redding 2008]. Book-length introductory works: Frederick Beiser, Hegel [Beiser 2005]; Stephen Houlgate, An Introduction to Hegel: Freedom, Truth and History [Houlgate 2005]; Peter Singer, Hegel: A Very Short Introduction [Singer 2001]. Terry Pinkard, Hegel: A Biography [Pinkard 2000] provides a comprehensive introduction to all spheres of Hegel's philosophy presented in the context of his biography.
Related categories
Hegel, Misc (312)

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  1. Hegel E la Metafisica Classica. [REVIEW]M. A. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (3):566-566.
  2. L'Estetica di Hegel: Saggio di Interpretazione Filosofica. [REVIEW]R. A. - 1956 - Review of Metaphysics 9 (4):712-712.
  3. Interpretation Worlds.G. Abel - 1989 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 96 (1):1-19.
  4. F Voigt's "Die Tragodie Des Reiches Gottes"? [REVIEW]C. Adair-Toteff - 1999 - Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 39:126-129.
  5. N Waszek’s Eduard Gans 1797-1839: Hegelianer-Jude-Europaer; M H Hoffheimer's Eduard Gans And The Hegelian Philosophy Of Law. [REVIEW]C. Adair-Toteff - 1997 - Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 36:46-49.
  6. A Rosas's Transzendentaler Idealismus Und Widerlegung Der Skepsis Bei Kant; G Mohr's Das Sinnliche Ich: Innerersinn Und Bewusstein Bei Kant. [REVIEW]C. Adair-Toteff - 1995 - Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 32:19-22.
  7. T R's A Historical Introduction To Hegel's Thought. [REVIEW]C. Adair-Toteff - 1994 - Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 30:43-45.
  8. K C Kohnke ’s The Rise Of Neo-Kantianism. [REVIEW]C. Adair-Toteff - 1993 - Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 27:29-32.
  9. R Howell's Kant's Transcendental Deduction. [REVIEW]C. Adair-Toteff - 1993 - Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 27:25-27.
  10. Eduard Gans and the Hegelian Philosophy of Law.Christopher Adair-Toteff - 1998 - The Owl of Minerva 29 (2):226-228.
  11. In the Absence of Fantasia: Troeltsch’s Relation to Hegel. [REVIEW]Christopher Adair-Toteff - 1996 - The Owl of Minerva 27 (2):197-199.
  12. The Hegel Society of America: Roster.Christopher Adair-Toteff, Howard Adelman, Rolf Ahlers, James W. Allard, Kevin Anderson, Jami Anderson, John J. Ansbro, Elizabeth Apetz & Kostas Bagakis - 1997 - The Owl of Minerva 29 (1):119-137.
  13. The Mystical Element in Hegel's Early Theological Writings.George Plimptom Adams - 1911 - Philosophical Review 20 (6):669-670.
  14. The Hegel Societ y of America: Addendum to the Spring 2001 Roster.Howard Adelman, Jim Applebaum, Jennifer Bates & Jonathan M. Bowman - 2001 - The Owl of Minerva 33 (1):02.
  15. Stewart Barnett Ed's Hegel After Derrida. [REVIEW]Brent Adkins - 2002 - Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 45:134-138.
  16. Language and Death: The Place of Negativity.Giorgio Agamben - 2006 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
  17. Review: A Hegelian View of Complementarity. [REVIEW]J. Agassi - 1958 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 9 (33):57 - 63.
  18. Marxism and Hegel.B. Agger - 1975 - Télos 1975 (24):187-193.
  19. Das Anfangsproblem Bei Karl Leonhard Reinhold: Eine Systematische Und Entwicklungsgeschichtliche Untersuchung Zur Philosophie Reinholds in der Zeit von 1789 Bis 1803. [REVIEW]Rolf Ahlers - 2000 - The Owl of Minerva 31 (2):218-221.
  20. Meeting of the Internationale Hegel-Vereinigung.Rolf Ahlers - 2000 - The Owl of Minerva 31 (2):203-210.
  21. Meeting of the Internationale Hegel-Vereinigung: Stuttgart, June 3-5, 1999.Rolf Ahlers - 2000 - The Owl of Minerva 31 (2):203-210.
  22. Die Idee Als Ideal: Trias Und Triplizität Bei Hegel. [REVIEW]Rolf Ahlers - 1988 - The Owl of Minerva 19 (2):194-200.
  23. Analytischer Kommentar Zu Hegels Phänomenologie des Geistes: Die Architektonik des Erscheinenden Wissens. [REVIEW]Rolf Ahlers - 1985 - The Owl of Minerva 17 (1):73-76.
  24. Freedom and Political Community in Hegel and Rawls.Priya Radhakrishnan Aiyar - 1998
  25. I. Wie ist das vernünftige Sollen und die Wissenschaft des Sollens bei Hegel möglich? Zur Kritik der Rickert’schen Abhandlung „Über idealistische Politik als Wissenschaft“.K. Akamatsu - 1928 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 38 (1-4):1-17.
  26. Idées Introduction a la Philosophie : Platon, Descartes, Hegel, Comte. Alain - 1939 - Paul Hartmann.
  27. Idées Platon, Descartes, Hegel. Alain - 1932 - Hartmann.
  28. Reseña de "Hegel, pensador de la actualidad. Ensayos sobre la fenomenología Del espíritu Y otros textos" de Vanessa Lemm Y Juan ormeño karzulovic (eds.).Jorge Rendón Alarcón - 2011 - Signos Filosóficos 13 (26):171-175.
  29. Unhappiness: Dialectic Terminable and Interminable.Hagit Aldema - 2012 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 26 (3):572-588.
    The purpose of the present work is to analyze Hegel's Unhappy Consciousness in light of the psychoanalytic conceptualization of the relation Subject-Other. The analysis will investigate unhappiness on two counts: its relation to Hegelian dialectic and the possibility of its coming to an end. Examining Hegelian unhappiness through the prism of psychoanalytic thought will allow us to formulate a crucial distinction between the philosophical (Hegelian) and psychoanalytic (Freudian, Lacanian) approaches to unhappiness as they relate to the arch-concepts of knowledge, possibility, (...)
  30. Beyond Hegel's Ontological Claim.Robert Van Roden Allen - 1984 - Dialogue 23 (2):305-314.
  31. Hegel: An Intellectual Biography.Horst Althaus - 2014 - Polity.
  32. The Critical Theory of Religion: The Frankfurt School. [REVIEW]Thomas J. J. Altizer - 1989 - The Owl of Minerva 20 (2):234-234.
  33. Some Remarks on Hegel’s Philosophy of Subjective Spirit.Andrea Altobrando - 2014 - Hegel-Jahrbuch 2014 (1).
  34. Intersubjektivität und Geist: Ein Kommentar über Hegel und Husserl.Eduardo Álvarez - 2011 - Hegel-Jahrbuch 2011 (1):322-326.
  35. Is Hegel a Natural Law Constructivist?Mark Alznauer - 2016 - The Owl of Minerva 48 (1/2):45-56.
    In a series of impressive articles, Kenneth Westphal argues that Hegel should be understood as a natural law constructivist. In this essay, I examine what Westphal means by this, showing that any such position requires postulating rights or duties that exist prior to the formation of political institutions. I show that Hegel consistently denies the existence of any such natural rights or duties and conclude that he must have a fundamentally different, non-foundationalist conception of the fundamental task of moral philosophy.
  36. The Role of "Morality" in Hegel's Theory of Action.Mark Alznauer - 2012 - The Owl of Minerva 44 (1/2):67-92.
    Michael Quante has successfully shown that the “Morality” section of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right provides an account of the cognitive conditions that must be satisfied for the imputation of actions. In this essay, I argue that Quante’s picture of these conditions is misleadingly cropped, obscuring the fact that the specific cognitive conditions Hegel places on agency are much stronger than has been recognized, and of a different kind. This suggests a much different interpretation of Hegel’s philosophy of action, one that (...)
  37. Hegel, Absolute Freedom and Terror.D. Ambrose - unknown
  38. Leo Rauch & David Sherman's Hegel's Phenomenology Of Self-Consciousness: Text And Commentary. [REVIEW]Darran Ambrose - 2004 - Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 49:151-158.
  39. The Sunday of the Negative: Reading Bataille Reading Hegel. [REVIEW]Darren Ambrose - 2004 - Radical Philosophy 125.
  40. Gadamer: On Making Oneself at Home with Hegel.Francis J. Ambrosio - 1987 - The Owl of Minerva 19 (1):23-40.
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  41. Hegel's Aesthetics: New Perspectives On Its Response To Kant And Romanticism.Karl Ameriks - 2002 - Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 45:72-92.
  42. R Stern's Hegel, Kant And The Structure Of The Object. [REVIEW]Karl Ameriks - 1993 - Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 27:58-60.
  43. Hegel’s Transcendental Induction. [REVIEW]Nathan Andersen - 2001 - The Owl of Minerva 32 (2):190-195.
  44. Speculative Good Friday: The Death of God in G. W. F. Hegel's "Critical Journal of Philosophy".Deland Scott Anderson - 1991 - Dissertation, University of Virginia
    The Death of God is a recurrent theme throughout the thought of G. W. F. Hegel. This dissertation examines Hegel's utterance of the death of God in its methodological, biographical, and hermeneutical contexts. By focusing on the issues of language, life, and learning in the work of Hegel, the author presents an integrated perspective on the role of the death of God in Hegel's philosophy as it emerged in the early years at Jena. The Kritische Journal der Philosophie, edited by (...)
  45. The Place of Hegel in the History of Philosophy.John Anderson - 1932 - Australasian Journal of Psychology and Philosophy 10 (2):81-91.
  46. Incomplete Spirit As Religion's Pre-Eminent Moment In Hegel's Philosophy Of Religion.Marc Anderson - 2010 - Hegel-Jahrbuch 2010 (1):385-390.
  47. Hegel's Presentation Of The Cartesian Philosophy In The Lectures On The History Of Philosophy.Floy Andrews Doull - 2000 - Animus 5:22-42.
  48. Hegel's Presentation of the Cartesian Philosophy in the Lectures on the History of Philosophy.Floy Andrews - 2000 - Animus 5:22-42.
  49. Dieu selon Hegel: Essai sur la problématique de la Phénoménologie de l'Esprit.Emil Angehrn - 1979 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 17 (3):353-356.
  50. Martin Luther King’s Debt to Hegel.John Ansbro - 1994 - The Owl of Minerva 26 (1):98-100.
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