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Bart Engelen [30]Bart8 Engelen [7]
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Bart Engelen
Tilburg University
  1.  17
    Ethical Criteria for Health-Promoting Nudges: A Case-by-Case Analysis.Bart Engelen - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):48-59.
    Health-promoting nudges have been put into practice by different agents, in different contexts and with different aims. This article formulates a set of criteria that enables a thorough ethical evaluation of such nudges. As such, it bridges the gap between the abstract, theoretical debates among academics and the actual behavioral interventions being implemented in practice. The criteria are derived from arguments against nudges, which allegedly disrespect nudgees, as these would impose values on nudgees and/or violate their rationality and autonomy. Instead (...)
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  2.  18
    Nudging and Autonomy: Analyzing and Alleviating the Worries.Bart Engelen & Thomas Nys - 2020 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 11 (1):137-156.
    One of the most pervasive criticisms of nudges has been the claim that they violate, undermine or decrease people’s autonomy. This claim, however, is seldom backed up by an explicit and detailed conception of autonomy. In this paper, we aim to do three things. First, we want to clear up some conceptual confusion by distinguishing the different conceptions used by Cass Sunstein and his critics in order to get clear on how they conceive of autonomy. Second, we want to add (...)
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  3.  23
    The Ethics of Nudging: An Overview.Andreas T. Schmidt & Bart Engelen - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (4).
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  4.  17
    Nudging, Transparency, and Watchfulness.Viktor Ivanković & Bart Engelen - 2019 - Social Theory and Practice 45 (1):43-73.
    Nudges have been criticized for working ‘in the dark’, influencing people without their full awareness. To assess whether this property renders nudging an illegitimate policy tool in liberal democracies, we argue that in scrutinizing nudge transparency, we should adequately divide our focus between nudging techniques, the nudgers employing them, and the nudgees subjected to them. We develop an account of what it means for nudgees to be ‘watchful’, a disposition that enables them to resist and circumvent nudges. We argue that (...)
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  5.  34
    The Sexual Ethics of HPV Vaccination for Boys.Jeroen Luyten, Bart Engelen & Philippe Beutels - 2014 - HEC Forum 26 (1):27-42.
    Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. It is a leading cause of cervical cancer in women but the virus is increasingly being linked to several other cancers in men and women alike. Since the introduction of safe and effective but also expensive vaccines, many developed countries have implemented selective vaccination programs for girls. Some however argue that these programs should be expanded to include boys, since (1) HPV constitutes non-negligible health risks for boys as (...)
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  6.  16
    Effective Vote Markets and the Tyranny of Wealth.Alfred Archer, Bart Engelen & Viktor Ivanković - 2019 - Res Publica 25 (1):39-54.
    What limits should there be on the areas of life that are governed by market forces? For many years, no one seriously defended the buying and selling votes for political elections. In recent years, however, this situation has changed, with a number of authors defending the permissibility of vote markets. One popular objection to such markets is that they would lead to a tyranny of wealth, where the poor are politically dominated by the rich. In a recent paper, Taylor :313–328, (...)
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  7.  2
    Against the Secret Ballot: Toward a New Proposal for Open Voting.Bart Engelen & Thomas Nys - 2013 - Acta Politica 48 (4):490-507.
    The secret ballot is considered a central feature of free and fair elections all over the world. While the reasons to uphold it seem to be overwhelming, we argue that the secret ballot is only second-best at best and that a modified version of open voting might prove to be more democratic. Instead of denying the various problems and difficulties that an open system might encounter, we want to offer a genuine proposal that can avoid these numerous pitfalls. After rehearsing (...)
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  8.  11
    A New Definition of and Role for Preferences in Positive Economics.Bart Engelen - 2017 - Journal of Economic Methodology 24 (3):254-273.
    Positive economic models aim to provide truthful explanations of significant economic phenomena. While the notion of ‘preferences’ figures prominently in micro-economic models, it suffers from a remarkable lack of conceptual clarity and rigor. After distinguishing narrow homo economicus models from broader ones and rehearsing the criticisms both have met, I go into the most promising attempt to date at addressing them, developed by Hausman. However, his definition of preferences as ‘total comparative evaluations’, I argue, plays into the general disregard that (...)
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  9.  2
    Solving the Paradox: The Expressive Rationality of the Decision to Vote.Bart Engelen - 2006 - Rationality and Society 18 (4):419-441.
    The renowned paradox of voting arises when one tries to explain the decision to go out and vote in an exclusively instrumental framework. Instead of postulating that voters always derive utility from the act of voting, I want to search for the reasons that underlie the absence or presence of a preference for voting. In my noninstrumental account of expressive rationality, citizens want to express who they are and what they care about. Whether or not one votes therefore depends on (...)
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  10.  2
    Why Compulsory Voting Can Enhance Democracy.Bart Engelen - 2007 - Acta Politica 42 (1):23-39.
    Even though more than half of all citizens in the world are currently able to exercise the right to elect their leaders, many of them choose not to vote. This article considers the role of compulsory voting in order to enhance the democratic values of political participation and equality. Raising turnout considerably, it is an effective instrument to motivate citizens to express their voice in public life, thereby ensuring that their concerns will be heeded. Opponents of compulsory voting, however, argue (...)
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  11.  7
    The Ethics of Nudging and Beyond: Response to Commentaries.Bart Engelen - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (10):W9-W13.
    Volume 19, Issue 10, October 2019, Page W9-W13.
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  12.  22
    Paternalism Revisited: Definitions, Justifications and Techniques. [REVIEW]Bart Engelen - 2018 - Political Theory 46 (3):478-486.
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  13.  21
    Paternalism RevisitedGovernment Paternalism: Nanny State or Helpful Friend?, by Le GrandJulianNewBill. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2015.Why Nudge? The Politics of Libertarian Paternalism, by SunsteinCass R.New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2014. [REVIEW]Bart Engelen - forthcoming - Political Theory:009059171667222.
  14.  54
    Open Your Eyes? Why Nozick's Experience Machine Does Not Refute Hedonism.Bart Engelen - 2010 - Film and Philosophy 14:33-46.
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  15.  2
    The Sources of Cooperation: On Strong Reciprocity and its Theoretical Implications.Bart Engelen - 2008 - Theory and Psychology 18 (4):527-544.
    This article focuses on the explanations of human cooperation that dominate the fields of psychology, philosophy, economics and other social sciences. It argues that these accounts all frame cooperation in egoistic terms and thus cannot solve the evolutionary puzzle of strong reciprocity, defined as a propensity to cooperate with others similarly disposed and to punish others who violate norms, even at a personal cost and without any prospect of present or future rewards. This article shows that strong reciprocity accounts for (...)
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  16.  2
    Thinking Things Through: The Value and Limitations of James Buchanan’s Public Choice Theory.Bart Engelen - 2007 - Review of Political Economy 19 (2):165-179.
    James Buchanan, one of the founders of Public Choice theory, applies the conceptual apparatus of economics to the public domain. This article investigates which assumptions are crucial to Buchanan’s project, concentrating on methodological individualism and the Homo Economicus model. It shows that Buchanan from time to time moves away from these economic concepts, though only in minor ways. The article also focuses on Buchanan’s normative emphasis on the role of institutions in coordinating self-interested individual actions in mutually beneficial ways. Criticizing (...)
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  17.  2
    Talking Money. How Market-Based Valuation Can Undermine Environmental Protection.Stijn Neuteleers & Bart Engelen - 2015 - Ecological Economics 1117.
    In this paper, we want to analyze conceptually whether and when merely using economic discourse – talking money – can crowd out people's positive attitudes towards environmental goods and their reasons to protect them. We concentrate on the specific case of market-based or monetary valuation as an instance of ‘commodification in discourse’ and argue that it can have the same moral problems as real commodification. We aim to bring together insights from philosophy, ethics, economics and psychology to argue that there (...)
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  18.  2
    The Community of Advantage: A Behavioral Economist’s Defence of the Market, Robert Sugden. Oxford University Press, 2018, Xxii + 320 Pages. [REVIEW]Bart Engelen - 2019 - Economics and Philosophy 35 (3):581-586.
  19.  1
    Book Review of 'Beyond Conventional Economics', Edited by Giuseppe Eusepi and Alan Hamlin.Bart Engelen - 2008 - Review of Social Economy 66 (3):408-412.
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  20.  1
    Compulsory Voting and its Effects on Political Participation, Interest and Efficacy.Bart Engelen & Marc Hooghe - unknown
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  21.  1
    PhD Thesis Summary: Rationality and Institutions: An Inquiry Into the Normative Implications of Rational Choice Theory.Bart Engelen - 2008 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 1 (1):185-187.
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  22.  21
    Book Review of Peter Singer. The Expanding Circle: Ethics, Evolution, and Moral Progress. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011. 232 Pp. [REVIEW]Bart8 Engelen - 2011 - Ethical Perspectives 18 (4):684-691.
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  23.  7
    Nietzsche En Boeddha - Nietzsche And BuddhaEen Kritische Vergelijking Van Twee Levensfilosofieën - A Critical Comparison Of Two Philosophies Of Life.Bart Engelen - 2006 - Bijdragen 67 (3):288-308.
    Nietzsche has often been interpreted as criticizing Buddhism for its pessimistic nihilism, since it supposedly aims at the otherworldly goal of nirvanaand the extinction of suffering. This article tries to adjust this view by focusing on the aspects of Buddhism of which Nietzsche implicitly or explicitly approves. It also relates these to some striking similarities between their views of the world, the individual, life in general and how to deal with it. This article shows that Nietzsche, in his criticism of (...)
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  24.  17
    Tolerance: A Virtue? Toward a Broad and Descriptive Definition of Tolerance.Bart Engelen & Thomas Nys - 2008 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 15 (1):44-54.
    This article focuses on the difficult issue of what exactly goes on when an individual tolerates something. It focuses on the problem of why an individual would ever choose to allow for some practice that he deerns unacceptable while having the power to do something about it. After distinguishing between different attitudes , this article argues that individuals can have various reasons for deciding to tolerate what they deern wrong. As such, we defend a broad conception of tolerance, which goes (...)
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  25.  14
    Een kritische vergelijking Van twee levensfilosofieën.Bart Engelen - 2006 - Bijdragen 67 (3):288-308.
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  26.  9
    Populaire cultuur en populaire filosofie.Bart Engelen - 2011 - Filosofie En Praktijk 32 (1):6-18.
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  27.  7
    Book Review of Philippe Van Parijs. Just Democracy: The Rawls-Machiavelli Programme. Colchester: ECPR, 2011. 174 Pp. [REVIEW]Bart Engelen - 2013 - Ethical Perspectives 20 (1):202-207.
  28.  5
    Rationality, Norms and Institutions: In Search of a Realistic Utopia.Bart8 Engelen - 2007 - Human Affairs 17 (1).
    The main goal of political philosophers is to search for a realistic utopia by taking individuals as they are and institutions, rules and laws as they might be. Instead of trying to change either individuals or institutions in order to improve society, this article argues that both strategies should be combined, since there are causal connections running both ways. Because individuals ultimately devise and uphold institutions, one should be optimistic about the possibilities of deliberately improving society through institutional reforms. However, (...)
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  29.  3
    Book Review of Alex Voorhoeve. Conversations on Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. 259 Pp. [REVIEW]Bart8 Engelen - 2010 - Ethical Perspectives 17 (4):680-683.
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  30.  3
    Book Review of Richard Fumerton and Diane Jeske (Ed.) 2009. Introducing Philosophy Through Film. Key Texts, Discussion, and Film Selections. Malden (MA): Wiley-Blackwell. [REVIEW]Bart8 Engelen - 2009 - Ethical Perspectives 16 (4):514-517.
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  31.  1
    Public Health, Well-Being and Reciprocity.Bart Engelen - 2005 - Ethical Perspectives 12 (1):41-66.
    Public-health measures are very effective and efficient means of improving health, yet public health is either neglected by the literature or fraught with unease, mainly due to the combination of the aggregate-distributive tension with the element of compulsion.The author argues that this unease can be decreased by 1) a pluralist-holistic view of health, situating the normative value of health in its effect on well-being, incorporating both the objective and subjective source of the value of health; and 2) by a rich (...)
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  32. Conference Report: Intensive Program 2000: Ethical Questions of the Financial World and the External Debt in the South. Bilbao, 15 – 25 February 2000. [REVIEW]Bart Engelen - 2000 - Ethical Perspectives 7 (2-3):194-197.
    Observations from the Point of View of the Relationship between Economy and EthicsThe main goal of this review is not to discuss the different lectures one by one in order of appearance. In my opinion, it will be much more interesting to analyze the symposium thematically. First, I will discuss the way in which the problem of external debt as such has been presented. Secondly, I will focus on the different points of view from which the problem has been discussed. (...)
     
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  33. Introducing Philosophy Through Film, Key Texts, Discussion, and Film Selections. [REVIEW]Bart Engelen - 2009 - Ethical Perspectives 16 (4):514-517.
     
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  34. The Ethics of Sex Selection for Non-Medical Reasons: A Defence of Common Sense.Bart Engelen & Antoon Vandevelde - 2004 - Ethical Perspectives 11 (1):76-89.
    In the previous issue of Ethical Perspectives David Heyd defends the permissibility of sex selection for non-medical reasons. He tries to show that there is nothing inherently wrong with this practice and that allowing it does not lead to undesirable consequences. There are several difficulties with his analysis, but the main objection is that it ultimately relies on a crude form of utilitarianism. Along with some critical comments on his article, we provide ethical arguments in support of the intuitive condemnation (...)
     
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  35.  7
    Rationality and Institutions: An Inquiry Into the Normative Implications of Rational Choice Theory.Bart8 Engelen - 2007 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 1 (1):185-187.
    I aim to analyze in this dissertation what a desirable basic institutional structure looks like from the perspective of rationality. While the main topic is thus normative in nature, I start by clarifying in the first part what the notion of rationality exactly entails. I do so by focusing explicitly on the economic conception of rationality, according to which a rational individual is motivated to serve his self-interest on the basis of cost-benefit calculations. Such a Homo Economicus is characterized by (...)
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