Results for 'Eric R. Pedersen'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  47
    Do Undergraduate Student Research Participants Read Psychological Research Consent Forms? Examining Memory Effects, Condition Effects, and Individual Differences.Eric R. Pedersen, Clayton Neighbors, Judy Tidwell & Ty W. Lostutter - 2011 - Ethics and Behavior 21 (4):332 - 350.
    Although research has examined factors influencing understanding of informed consent in biomedical and forensic research, less is known about participants' attention to details in consent documents in psychological survey research. The present study used a randomized experimental design and found the majority of participants were unable to recall information from the consent form in both in-person and online formats. Participants were also relatively poor at recognizing important aspects of the consent form including risks to participants and confidentiality procedures. Memory effects (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  2.  33
    What Should We Do When Participants Report Dangerous Drinking? The Impact of Personalized Letters Versus General Pamphlets as a Function of Sex and Controlled Orientation.Clayton Neighbors, Eric R. Pedersen, Debra Kaysen, Magdalena Kulesza & Theresa Walter - 2012 - Ethics and Behavior 22 (1):1 - 15.
    Research in which participants report potentially dangerous health-related behaviors raises ethical and professional questions about what to do with that information. Policies and laws regarding reportable behaviors vary across states and Institutional Review Boards (IRB). In alcohol research, IRBs often require researchers to respond to participants who report dangerous drinking practices. Researchers have little guidance regarding how best to respond in such cases. Personalized feedback or general nonpersonalized information may prove differentially effective as a function of gender and/or level of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. Georg (darmstadt): Eric r. kandel: Psychiatrie, psychoanalyse und die neue biologie des geistes....Julta Georg & Eric R. Kandel - 2007 - Philosophische Rundschau 54 (2):183 - 187.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. Philosophy of Medicine an Introduction.Henrik R. Wulff, Stig Andur Pedersen & Raben Rosenberg - 1986
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  5.  6
    The Periodic Table, Its Story and Its Significance.Eric R. Scerri - 2007 - New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    The periodic table of the elements is one of the most powerful icons in science: a single document that captures the essence of chemistry in an elegant pattern. Indeed, nothing quite like it exists in biology or physics, or any other branch of science, for that matter. One sees periodic tables everywhere: in industrial labs, workshops, academic labs, and of course, lecture halls. It is sometimes said that chemistry has no deep ideas, unlike physics, which can boast quantum mechanics and (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   54 citations  
  6.  5
    Envisioning Power: Ideologies of Dominance and Crisis.Eric R. Wolf - 1999 - University of California Press.
    With the originality and energy that have marked his earlier works, Eric Wolf now explores the historical relationship of ideas, power, and culture. Responding to anthropology's long reliance on a concept of culture that takes little account of power, Wolf argues that power is crucial in shaping the circumstances of cultural production. Responding to social-science notions of ideology that incorporate power but disregard the ways ideas respond to cultural promptings, he demonstrates how power and ideas connect through the medium (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  7.  3
    A Tale of Seven Scientists and a New Philosophy of Science.Eric R. Scerri - 2016 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press USA.
    In his latest book, Eric Scerri presents a completely original account of the nature of scientific progress. It consists of a holistic and unified approach in which science is seen as a living and evolving single organism. Instead of scientific revolutions featuring exceptionally gifted individuals, Scerri argues that the "little people" contribute as much as the "heroes" of science. To do this he examines seven case studies of virtually unknown chemists and physicists in the early 20th century quest to (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  8.  1
    Pathways of Power: Building an Anthropology of the Modern World.Eric R. Wolf & Sydel Silverman - 2001 - Univ of California Press.
    This collection of essays was devised by the author to study how anthropology brought the study of complex societies and world systems in to its purview.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  9.  7
    The Greeks and the Irrational.Eric R. Dodds - 1951 - University of California Press.
    In this philosophy classic, which was first published in 1951, E. R. Dodds takes on the traditional view of Greek culture as a triumph of rationalism. Using the analytical tools of modern anthropology and psychology, Dodds asks, "Why should we attribute to the ancient Greeks an immunity from 'primitive' modes of thought which we do not find in any society open to our direct observation?" Praised by reviewers as "an event in modern Greek scholarship" and "a book which it would (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  10. A Tale of Seven Elements.Eric R. Scerri - 2013 - New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  11. What Is A Chemical Element?: A Collection of Essays by Chemists, Philosophers, Historians, and Educators.Eric R. Scerri & Elena Ghibaudi (eds.) - 2020
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  12.  41
    Has Chemistry Been at Least Approximately Reduced to Quantum Mechanics?Eric R. Scerri - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:160 - 170.
    Differing views on reduction are briefly reviewed and a suggestion is made for a working definition of 'approximate reduction'. Ab initio studies in quantum chemistry are then considered, including the issues of convergence and error bounds. This includes an examination of the classic studies on CH2 and the recent work on the Si2C molecule. I conclude that chemistry has not even been approximately reduced.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  13.  38
    The Ambiguity of Reduction.Eric R. Scerri - 2007 - Hyle 13 (2):67 - 81.
    I claim that the question of whether chemistry is reduced to quantum mechanics is more ambiguous and multi-faceted than generally supposed. For example, chemistry appears to be both reduced and not reduced at the same time depending on the perspective that one adopts. Similarly, I argue that some conceptual issues in quantum mechanics are ambiguous and can only be laid to rest by embracing paradox and ambiguity rather than regarding them as obstacles to be overcome. Recent work in the reduction (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  14.  20
    The failure of reduction and how to resist disunity of the sciences in the context of chemical education.Eric R. Scerri - 2000 - Science & Education 9 (5):405-425.
  15. Time as a Human Artefact.Eric R. Woolmington - 1979 - Dept. Of Geography, Royal Military College.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  42
    Have orbitals really been observed?Eric R. Scerri - 2000 - Journal of Chemical Education 77:1492-1494.
    The article disputes the recent claim featured in "Nature" magazine and many other science magazines to the effect that atomic orbitals have been observed for the first time. The claim is incorrect in view of the unconvincing nature of the evidence adduced and since atomic orbitals are deemed unobservable in principle by quantum mechanics. In addition, the possible educational drawbacks of this incorrect claim are discussed.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  17.  18
    Correspondence and Reduction in Chemistry.Eric R. Scerri - 1993 - In S. French & H. Kamminga (eds.), Correspondence, Invariance and Heuristics. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 45--64.
  18.  22
    The Peasant War in Germany: Friedrich Engels as Social Historian.Eric R. Wolf - 1987 - Science and Society 51 (1):82 - 92.
  19. Eric R. scerri/editorial 4 1–4 Davis baird/encapsulating knowledge: The direct reading spectrometer 5–46 John G. mcevoy/in search of the chemical revolution: Interpretive strategies in the history of chemistry 47–73. [REVIEW]Rk Nesbet - 2000 - Foundations of Chemistry 2:267-268.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. Prediction and the periodic table.Eric R. Scerri & John Worrall - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 32 (3):407-452.
    The debate about the relative epistemic weights carried in favour of a theory by predictions of new phenomena as opposed to accommodations of already known phenomena has a long history. We readdress the issue through a detailed re-examination of a particular historical case that has often been discussed in connection with it—that of Mendeleev and the prediction by his periodic law of the three ‘new’ elements, gallium, scandium and germanium. We find little support for the standard story that these predictive (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   58 citations  
  21. Eric R. Wolf, Envisioning Power: Ideologies of Dominance and Crisis Reviewed by.Wendy C. Hamblet - 2001 - Philosophy in Review 21 (5):386-388.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. Eric R. Wolf, Envisioning Power: Ideologies of Dominance and Crisis. [REVIEW]Wendy Hamblet - 2001 - Philosophy in Review 21:386-388.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. Augustine's Confessions: A study of spiritual maladjustment.Eric R. Dodds - 1927 - Hibbert Journal 26:459-473.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  24.  21
    No Right to Classified Public Whistleblowing.Eric R. Boot - 2018 - Ratio Juris 31 (1):70-85.
    Given the crucial role unauthorized disclosures can play in uncovering grave government wrongdoing, it makes sense to search for a defense of justified cases of what I call “classified public whistleblowing.” The question that concerns me is what form such a defense should take. The main claim will be a negative one, namely, that a defense of whistleblowing cannot be based on individual rights, be they legal or moral, though this is indeed the most commonly proposed defense. In closing, I (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  25.  1
    The Philosophy of Chemistry.Eric R. Scerri & Grant Andrew Fisher (eds.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The philosophy of chemistry has emerged in recent years as a new and autonomous field within the Anglo-American philosophical tradition. With the development of this new discipline, Eric Scerri and Grant Fisher's "Essays in the Philosophy of Chemistry" is a timely and definitive guide to all current thought in this field. This edited volume will serve to map out the distinctive features of the field and its connections to the philosophies of the natural sciences and general philosophy of science (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  46
    On the formalization of the periodic table.Eric R. Scerri - 2005 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 84 (1):191-210.
    A critique is given of the attempt by Hettema and Kuipers to formalize the periodic table. In particular I dispute their notions of identifying a naïve periodic table with tables having a constant periodicity of eight elements and their views on the different conceptions of the atom by chemists and physicists. The views of Hettema and Kuipers on the reduction of the periodic system to atomic physics are also considered critically.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  27.  14
    The Feasibility of a Public Interest Defense for Whistleblowing.Eric R. Boot - 2020 - Law and Philosophy 39 (1):1-34.
    It is commonly stated, by both whistleblower protection laws and political philosophers, that a breach of state secrecy by disclosing classified documents is justified if it serves the public interest. The problem with this defense of justified whistleblowing, however, is that the operative term – the public interest – is all too often left unclarified. This is problematic, because it leaves potential whistleblowers without sufficient certainty that their disclosures will be covered by the defense, leading many to err on the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  28.  40
    Eric R. Scerri: The periodic table: a very short introduction: Oxford University Press, Oxford, England; New York, NY, 2011, xx+ 147 pp., ISBN: 978-0-19-958249-5 $11.95; £7.99.George B. Kauffman - 2014 - Foundations of Chemistry 16 (2):171-172.
    A quick question! Who’s the first name that comes to mind when the periodic table is mentioned? Dmitrii Ivanovich Mendeleev is the obvious and universal answer. And the second name? Most of you would probably agree with my answer: Eric R. Scerri, Lecturer in Chemistry and History and Philosophy of Science at the University of California, Los Angeles, and founding editor of this journal, devoted to the philosophy of chemistry, another of his specialties.Through the years I have followed Scerri’s (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  1
    Gift and Economy: Ethics, Hospitality and the Market.Eric R. Severson (ed.) - 2012 - Cambridge Scholars Press.
    Is it possible to really give a gift? This may, at first glance, seem like a peripheral question for philosophy, which normally directs its attention to seemingly bigger questions. The dynamics of the gift move into philosophy from anthropology and sociology, but Jacques Derrida insists that this question belongs at the heart of philosophy. This volume takes up Derrida's challenge to invest in the question of a gift, and the relationship between gift and economy. The powerful and corruptive forces of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  2
    I More Than Others: Responses to Evil and Suffering.Eric R. Severson (ed.) - 2010 - Cambridge Scholars Press.
    Fyodor Dostoyevsky expressed a strange and surprising sentiment through one of the characters of The Brothers Karamazov. A dying young man named Markel declares: Every one of us has sinned against all men, and I more than others." He later says: "...every one of us is answerable for everyone else and for everything." Markel's absurd claims have engendered many reflections on the nature of suffering and what it means to be responsible for someone else's suffering. The world has no shortage (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. Is Responsibility Implicit?Eric R. Severson - 2023 - In Eric R. Severson & Kevin C. Krycka (eds.), The Psychology and Philosophy of Eugene Gendlin: Making Sense of Contemporary Experience. Routledge.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. In the wake of trauma: psychology and philosophy for the suffering other.Eric R. Severson, Brian W. Becker & David Goodman (eds.) - 2016 - Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Duquesne University Press.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. Levinas's philosophy of time: gift, responsibility, diachrony, hope.Eric R. Severson - 2013 - Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Duquesne University Press.
    A chronological approach that examines the progression of Levinas's deliberations on time over six decades, thus providing new insights about aspects of Levinasian thought that have consistently troubled readers, including the differences between Levinas's early and later writings, his controversial invocation of the feminine, and the blurry line between philosophy and religion in his work"--Provided by publisher.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. The psychology and philosophy of Eugene Gendlin: making sense of contemporary experience.Eric R. Severson & Kevin C. Krycka (eds.) - 2023 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    This book brings together a collection of essays written by scholars inspired by Eugene Gendlin's work, particularly those interested in thinking with and beyond Gendlin for the sake of a global community facing significant crises. The contributors take inspiration from Gendlin's philosophy of the implicit, and his theoretical approach to psychology. The essays engage with Gendlin's ideas for our era, including critiques and corrections as well as extrapolations of his work. Gendlin himself worried that knowing about a problem is too (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35. Just how ab initio is ab initio quantum chemistry?Eric R. Scerri - 2004 - Foundations of Chemistry 6 (1):93-116.
  36.  6
    On the Existential Road From Regret to Heroism: Searching for Meaning in Life.Eric R. Igou, Wijnand A. P. van Tilburg, Elaine L. Kinsella & Laura K. Buckley - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
    We investigated whether regret predicted the motivation to act heroically. In a series of studies, we examined the relationship between regret, search for meaning in life, and heroism motivation. First, Study 1 (a and b) established the link between regret and search for meaning in life, considering regret as a whole, action regret, and inaction regret. Specifically, regret correlated positively with search for meaning in life. In additional two studies, we examined whether regret predicted the heroism motivation and whether this (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  37.  73
    The electronic configuration model, quantum mechanics and reduction.Eric R. Scerri - 1991 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (3):309-325.
    The historical development of the electronic configuration model is traced and the status of the model with respect to quantum mechanics is examined. The successes and problems raised by the model are explored, particularly in chemical ab initio calculations. The relevance of these issues to whether chemistry has been reduced to quantum mechanics is discussed, as are some general notions on reduction.
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  38. Hinduism and science: The state of the south asian science and religion discourse.Eric R. Dorman - 2011 - Zygon 46 (3):593-619.
    Abstract. The science and religion discourse in the Western academy, though expansive, has not paid significant enough attention to South Asian views, particularly those from Hindu thought. This essay seeks to address this issue in three parts. First, I present the South Asian standpoint as it currently relates to the science and religion discourse. Second, I survey and evaluate some available literature on South Asian approaches to the science and religion discourse. Finally, I promote three possible steps forward: (1) the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  39.  27
    Obligatory Whistleblowing: Civil Servants and the Complicity-Based Obligation to Disclose Government Wrongdoing.Eric R. Boot - 2019 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 16 (2):131-159.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  40.  63
    The recently claimed observation of atomic orbitals and some related philosophical issues.Eric R. Scerri - 2001 - Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2001 (3):S76-.
    The main thrust of the paper involves a theoretical and philosophical analysis of the claim made in September 1999 that atomic orbitals have been directly imaged for the first time. After a brief account of the recent claims the paper reviews the development of the orbit and later orbital concepts and analyzes the theoretical status of atomic orbitals. The conclusion is that contrary to these claims, atomic orbitals have not in fact been observed. The non-referring nature of modern atomic orbitals (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  41. What is an element? What is the periodic table? And what does quantum mechanics contribute to the question?Eric R. Scerri - 2011 - Foundations of Chemistry 14 (1):69-81.
    This article considers two important traditions concerning the chemical elements. The first is the meaning of the term “element” including the distinctions between element as basic substance, as simple substance and as combined simple substance. In addition to briefly tracing the historical development of these distinctions, I make comments on the recent attempts to clarify the fundamental notion of element as basic substance for which I believe the term “element” is best reserved. This discussion has focused on the writings of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  42.  59
    Has the periodic table been successfully axiomatized?Eric R. Scerri - 1997 - Erkenntnis 47 (2):229-243.
    Although the periodic system of elements is central to the study of chemistry and has been influential in the development of quantum theory and quantum mechanics, its study has been largely neglected in philosophy of science. The present article is a detailed criticism of one notable exception, an attempt by Hettema and Kuipers to axiomatize the periodic table and to discuss the reduction of chemistry in this context.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  43.  17
    Causation, electronic configurations and the periodic table.Eric R. Scerri - 2020 - Synthese 198 (10):9709-9720.
    The article examines a recent interventionist account of causation by Ross, in which electronic configurations of atoms are considered to be the cause of chemical behavior. More specifically I respond to the claim that a change in electronic configuration of an atom, such as occurs in the artificial synthesis of elements, causes a change in the behavior of the atom in question. I argue that chemical behavior is governed as much by the nuclear charge of an atom as it is (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  44.  17
    Prediction of the nature of hafnium from chemistry, Bohr's theory and quantum theory.Eric R. Scerri - 1994 - Annals of Science 51 (2):137-150.
    The chemical nature of element 72, subsequently named hafnium, is generally regarded as a prediction from Bohr's theory of the periodic system and hence as a prediction from quantum theory. It is argued that both of these views and in particular the latter are mistaken. The claim in favour of Bohr's theory is weakened by his accommodation of independent chemical arguments and the claim in favour of quantum theory is untenable since the prediction is not strictly deductive.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  45.  16
    The Recently Claimed Observation of Atomic Orbitals and Some Related Philosophical Issues.Eric R. Scerri - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (S3):S76-S88.
    The main thrust of the paper involves a theoretical and philosophical analysis of the claim made in September 1999 that atomic orbitals have been directly imaged for the first time. After a brief account of the recent claims the paper reviews the development of the orbit and later orbital concepts and analyzes the theoretical status of atomic orbitals. The conclusion is that contrary to these claims, atomic orbitals have not in fact been observed. The non-referring nature of modern atomic orbitals (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  46.  25
    Five ideas in chemical education that must die.Eric R. Scerri - 2019 - Foundations of Chemistry 21 (1):61-69.
    The article concerns five traditionally difficult issues that chemical educators encounter and how they should be resolved. In some cases I propose the examination of necessary and sufficient conditions in order to cast light on the relationships under discussion. The five educational issues are, the notion that a pH value of seven implies a neutral solution of water and vice versa, the use of Le Châtelier’s Principle, the relative occupation and ionization of 4s and 3d orbitals, the explanation of anomalous (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  47.  44
    On the continuity of reference of the elements: a response to Hendry.Eric R. Scerri - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 37 (2):308-321.
    Robin Hendry has recently argued that although the term ‘element’ has traditionally been used in two different senses, there has nonetheless been a continuity of reference. The present article examines this author’s historical and philosophical claims and suggests that he has misdiagnosed the situation in several respects. In particular it is claimed that Hendry’s arguments for the nature of one particular element, oxygen, do not generalize to all elements as he implies. The second main objection is to Hendry’s view that (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  48.  37
    A critique of Weisberg’s view on the periodic table and some speculations on the nature of classifications.Eric R. Scerri - 2012 - Foundations of Chemistry 14 (3):275-284.
    This article carefully analyzes a recent paper by Weisberg in which it is claimed that when Mendeleev discovered the periodic table he was not working as a modeler but instead as a theorist. I argue that Weisberg is mistaken in several respects and that the periodic table should be regarded as a classification, not as a theory. In the second part of the article an attempt is made to elevate the status of classifications by suggesting that they provide a form (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  49.  16
    Intellectual property and practical reason.Eric R. Claeys - 2018 - Jurisprudence 9 (2):251-275.
    ABSTRACTIn scholarship on intellectual property, nonconsequentialist justifications for IP rights seem to suffer from one of two flaws. To some, such justifications seem indeterminate; they seem not to offer concrete guidance about how rights should be structured in practice. To others, such justifications seem dogmatic; they seem to mandate certain conclusions without letting decision makers consider the relevant context or consequences of different proposals to regulate IP. Both impressions neglect an important dimension of reasoning about rights—practical reason. In perfectionist theories (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  50.  55
    Popper's naturalized approach to the reduction of chemistry.Eric R. Scerri - 1998 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 12 (1):33 – 44.
    Sir Karl Popper is one of the few authors to have discussed the reduction of chemistry. His approach consists of what I term naturalistic reduction, which I suggest bears close similarities to the way in which scientists regard reduction. The present article aims to build on Popper's insights into the nature of reduction in science and more specifically to suggest an approach to characterizing a specific sense of the notion of approximate reduction in the context of chemistry. In the course (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000