Promises

Edited by Allen Habib (University of Calgary)
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  1. added 2018-09-16
    Promises as Proposals in Joint Practical Deliberation.Brendan de Kenessey - forthcoming - Noûs.
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  2. added 2018-09-16
    Distinct Patterns of Cognitive Conflict Dynamics in Promise Keepers and Promise Breakers.Cinzia Calluso, Anne Saulin, Thomas Baumgartner & Daria Knoch - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  3. added 2018-09-16
    Belief and Difficult Action.Berislav Marušić - 2012 - Philosophers' Imprint 12:1-30.
    Suppose you decide or promise to do something that you have evidence is difficult to do. Should you believe that you will do it? On the one hand, if you believe that you will do it, your belief goes against the evidence—since having evidence that it’s difficult to do it constitutes evidence that it is likely that you won’t do it. On the other hand, if you don’t believe that you will do it but instead believe, as your evidence suggests, (...)
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  4. added 2018-09-16
    Between Promise and Threat.Ulrike Thoms - 2012 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 20 (3):181-214.
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  5. added 2018-09-16
    Hume and Searle : The ‘Is-Ought’ Gap Versus Speech Act Theory.Daniel Schulthess - 2011
    The article compares David Humes’ and John Searle’s positions concerning the relation between descriptive and evaluative statements. Although the two positions seem to be just opposite in that Hume denies the derivability of the ought from the is, while Seale accepts it, the author shows that Hume and Searle have many similarities, for for both obligations rely upon the institution of promising. The difference is that for Hume the speech act of promising as such does not have intrinsic evaluative impact. (...)
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  6. added 2018-09-16
    Conditional Promises and Threats in Germany, China, and Tonga: Cognition and Emotion.Sieghard Beller, Andrea Bender & Jie Song - 2009 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 9 (1-2):115-139.
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  7. added 2018-09-16
    Droit Et Théologie Dans la Pensée ScolastiqueLaw and Theology in Scholastic Thought The Case of Obligation and of Oath.Alain Boureau & Irène Rosier-Catach - 2008 - Revue de Synthèse 129 (4):509-528.
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  8. added 2018-06-21
    Avant-propos : Contrats de partenariat public privé (2018) par Pascal Mukonde Musulay ISBN 978-2-88931-244-3.Ignace Haaz - 2018 - Globethics African Law Series No. 5.
    Le présent ouvrage fait suite aux deux précédents volumes de l’auteur : (2015) Droit des affaires en Afrique subsaharienne et économie planétaire, et (2016) : Démocratie électorale en Afrique subsaharienne Entre droit, pouvoir et argent, publiés par les Éditions Globethics. Bien que Pascal Mukonde convoque le thème du contrat du point de vue strictement juridique et dans le contexte du droit africain en RD. Congo, sur une ligne de recherche systématique (p.75), nous souhaitons mentionner comme préliminaire, la place de l’éthique (...)
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  9. added 2018-06-12
    Immoral Promises.F. E. Guerra-Pujol - manuscript
    The proposition that “promises ought to be kept is one of the most important normative ideas or value judgements in our daily lives. But what about “illegal promises”? That is to say, what about promises that are, legally or morally speaking, malum in se or inherently wrongful, such as voluntary exchanges that are inherently immoral or wrongful, like bribes, blackmail, murder, etc.? In short, what moral obligations, if any, do such promises impose? Although many of the greatest thinkers in Western (...)
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  10. added 2018-06-12
    Loyalty to Others Vs. Loyalty to the Oath of Office.Frank Kardasz - forthcoming - Ethics.
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  11. added 2018-06-12
    A Ten-Year Promise.Courtney S. Campbell - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
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  12. added 2018-06-12
    The Loyalty Oath.Howard B. White - forthcoming - Social Research.
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  13. added 2018-06-12
    What Is Conventionalism About Moral Rights and Duties?Katharina Nieswandt - forthcoming - Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-14.
    ABSTRACTA powerful objection against moral conventionalism says that it gives the wrong reasons for individual rights and duties. The reason why I must not break my promise to you, for example, should lie in the damage to you—rather than to the practice of promising or to all other participants in that practice. Common targets of this objection include the theories of Hobbes, Gauthier, Hooker, Binmore, and Rawls. I argue that the conventionalism of these theories is superficial; genuinely conventionalist theories are (...)
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  14. added 2018-06-12
    Hume On Is and Ought: Logic, Promises and the Duke of Wellington.Charles Pigden - forthcoming - In Paul Russell (ed.), Oxford Handbook on David Hume. Oxford University Press.
    Hume seems to contend that you can’t get an ought from an is. Searle professed to prove otherwise, deriving a conclusion about obligations from a premise about promises. Since (as Schurz and I have shown) you can’t derive a substantive ought from an is by logic alone, Searle is best construed as claiming that there are analytic bridge principles linking premises about promises to conclusions about obligations. But we can no more derive a moral obligation to pay up from the (...)
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  15. added 2018-06-12
    Evidence and Agency: Norms of Belief for Promising and Resolving.Christian Kietzmann - 2019 - Philosophical Quarterly 69 (274):197-199.
    Evidence and Agency: Norms of Belief for Promising and Resolving. By Marušić Berislav.
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  16. added 2018-06-12
    Berislav Marušić, Evidence and Agency: Norms of Belief for Promising and Resolving.Katia Vavova - 2018 - Ethics 128 (3):687-695.
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  17. added 2018-06-12
    Medical Oath: Use and Relevance of the Declaration of Geneva. A Survey of Member Organizations of the World Medical Association.Zoé Rheinsberg, Ramin Parsa-Parsi, Otmar Kloiber & Urban Wiesing - 2018 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 21 (2):189-196.
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  18. added 2018-06-12
    Promises and the Backward Reach of Uptake.Hallie Liberto - 2018 - American Philosophical Quarterly 55 (1):15-26.
    I present a set of cases that pose problems for existing theories of promissory uptake. These cases involve a delayed receipt and/or acceptance of a promise, though the obligation arises before the receipt or acceptance has taken place; a delay or absence of agency on the part of the promisee—making it impossible to satisfy the various suggested uptake criteria, though promissory obligation is nonetheless generated; and the promise is made to someone, de dicto—that is, the person who will be the (...)
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  19. added 2018-06-12
    Is the Biblical Land Promise Irrevocable?: Post-Nostra Aetate Catholic Theologies of the Jewish Covenant and the Land of Israel.Adam Gregerman - 2018 - Modern Theology 34 (2):137-158.
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  20. added 2018-06-12
    Promises Schmomises.Heidi M. Hurd - 2017 - Law and Philosophy 36 (3):279-343.
    In this piece, I argue that promises need not be kept just because they were made. This is not to say, however, that unwise, unhappy, and unfortunate promises do not generate obligations. When broken promises will result either in wrongful gains to promisors or wrongful losses to promisees, obligations of corrective justice will demand that such promises be kept if their breach cannot be fully repaired. Thus, when a broken promise will constitute a deliberate loss transfer for personal gain, the (...)
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  21. added 2018-06-12
    Promises and Consistency.Rachel Cohon & Jason D'Cruz - 2017 - In Iskra Fileva (ed.), Questions of Character. New York, USA: Oxford University Press. pp. 215-230.
    Situationists in moral philosophy infer from empirical studies in social psychology that human beings lack cross-situational behavioral consistency: that is, for the most part, we human beings are not able to act in the same trait-relevant way across a range of distinct types of situations, because those situational differences trigger differences in behavior. In this paper we defend the following thesis: one who accepts this conclusion (that is, one who judges that human beings in general are not possessed of behavioral (...)
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  22. added 2018-06-12
    Promising by Right.Jorah Dannenberg - 2017 - Philosophers' Imprint 17.
    When you offer your promise you expect to be taken at your word. In this paper I shift focus away from more familiar questions about the ground of promissory obligation, concentrating instead on the familiar way that making a promise involves claiming another’s trust. Borrowing an idea from Nietzsche, I suggest that we understand this in terms of a “right to make promises” – that is, a right to “stand security for ourselves,” held and exercised by those who possess the (...)
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  23. added 2018-06-12
    The Problem with Sexual Promises.Hallie Liberto - 2017 - Ethics 127 (2):383-414.
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  24. added 2018-06-12
    Promises, Practices, and Reciprocity.C. M. Melenovsky - 2017 - Philosophical Quarterly 67 (266):106-126.
    The dominant conventionalist view explains the wrong of breaking a promise as failing to do our fair share in supporting the practice of promise-keeping. Yet, this account fails to explain any unique moral standing that a promisee has to demand that the promisor keep the promise. In this paper, I provide a conventionalist response to this problem. In any cooperative practice, participants stand as both beneficiary and contributor. As a beneficiary, they are morally required to follow the rules of the (...)
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  25. added 2018-06-12
    Promises and Conflicting Obligations.David Owens - 2016 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 11 (1):93-108.
    This paper addresses two questions. First can a binding promise conflict with other binding promises and thereby generate conflicting obligations? Second can binding promises conflict with other non-promissory obligations, so that we are obliged to keep so-called ‘wicked promises’? The answer to both questions is ‘yes’. The discussion examines both ‘natural right’ and ‘social practice’ approaches to promissory obligation and I conclude that neither can explain why we should be unable to make binding promises that conflict with our prior obligations. (...)
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  26. added 2018-06-12
    Promises, Release-Seeking, and Exploitation: What We Should Not Do To Get Off the Hook.Hallie Liberto - 2016 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 54 (S1):143-165.
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  27. added 2018-06-12
    Lying by Promising. A Study on Insincere Illocutionary Acts.Neri Marsili - 2016 - International Review of Pragmatics 8 (2):271-313.
    This paper is divided into two parts. In the first part, I extend the traditional definition of lying to illocutionary acts executed by means of explicit performatives, focusing on promising. This is achieved in two steps. First, I discuss how the utterance of a sentence containing an explicit performative such as “I promise that Φ ” can count as an assertion of its content Φ . Second, I develop a general account of insincerity meant to explain under which conditions a (...)
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  28. added 2018-06-12
    The Hippocratic Oath: The Transformation of its Semantics and the Revival of its Pragmatics.Irina Melik-Gaykazyan & Tamara Mescheryakova - 2015 - Schole 9 (1):35-44.
    The Hippocratic Oath enjoys imperishable value in the western traditions of medicine. In modern culture, its postulates have frequently been interpreted as the foundations for the principles of bioethics and a basis of paternalistic practice, typical for modern medicine and opposite to bioethics. According to the authors of this contribution the semantics of the Hippocratic Oath underwent a serious transformation in the course of centuries, while contemporary bioethics revives its archaic pragmatics.
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  29. added 2018-06-12
    Raz, Practical Inferences, Promising, Legal Reasoning.Mark McBride - 2015 - Ratio Juris 28 (2):286-92.
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  30. added 2018-06-12
    Authority, Recognition, and the Grounds of Promise.Daniel Markovits - 2015 - Jurisprudence 6 (2):349-356.
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  31. added 2018-06-12
    The “Soul of Professionalism” in the Hippocratic Oath and Today.Friedrich Heubel - 2015 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 18 (2):185-194.
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  32. added 2018-06-12
    Contract as Promise: A Theory of Contractual Obligation.Charles Fried - 2015 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Contract as Promise is a study of the philosophical foundations of contract law in which Professor Fried effectively answers some of the most common assumptions about contract law and strongly proposes a moral basis for it while defending the classical theory of contract. This book provides two purposes regarding the complex legal institution of the contract. The first is the theoretical purpose to demonstrate how contract law can be traced to and is determined by a small number of basic moral (...)
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  33. added 2018-06-12
    Evidence and Agency: Norms of Belief for Promising and Resolving. Maruš, I.ć & Berislav - 2015 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Evidence and Agency is concerned with the question of how, as agents, we should take evidence into account when thinking about our future actions. Sometimes we promise and resolve to do things that we have evidence is difficult for us to do. Should we believe that we will follow through, or believe that there is a good chance that we won't? If you believe the former, you seem to be irrational since you believe against the evidence. Yet if you believe (...)
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  34. added 2018-06-12
    A Promise to Keep: Which Bond, Whose Fidelity?Stephan Kampowski - 2015 - Nova et Vetera 13 (2).
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  35. added 2018-06-12
    Promising Ourselves, Promising Others.Jorah Dannenberg - 2015 - The Journal of Ethics 19 (2):159-183.
    Promising ourselves is familiar, yet some find it philosophically troubling. Though most of us take the promises we make ourselves seriously, it can seem mysterious how a promise made only to oneself could genuinely bind. Moreover, the desire to be bound by a promise to oneself may seem to expose an unflattering lack of trust in oneself. In this paper I aim to vindicate self-promising from these broadly skeptical concerns. Borrowing Nietzsche’s idea of a memory of the will, I suggest (...)
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  36. added 2018-06-12
    A Promissory Theory of the Duty to Tip.Stephen Kershnar - 2014 - Business and Society Review 119 (2):247-276.
    In this article, I argued that in contexts in which tipping is customary, there is a moral duty to tip or to explicitly tell the server that you will not be tipping. The evidence for this rests on anecdotes about people's mental states, and customers and server's intuitions about duties that would arise were a customer unable to tip his server. The promise is a speech act that is implicit in ordering food. The speech act must be matched by the (...)
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  37. added 2018-06-12
    Reviving the Assurance Conception of Promising.Erik Encarnacion - 2014 - Journal of Value Inquiry 48 (1):107-129.
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  38. added 2018-06-12
    Promising and Forgiveness.Marguerite La Caze - 2014 - In Patrick Hayden (ed.), Hannah Arendt: Key Concepts. Acumen Publishing. pp. 209-21.
    My paper explores the power that forgiveness and the promise, as potentialities of action, have to counter the two difficulties that follow from the possibility of being able to begin something new or what Arendt calls the ‘frailty of human affairs’: irreversibility and unpredictability. Acts of forgiving and promising are expressions of freedom and natality, as they begin human relations anew: forgiveness creates a fresh beginning after wrong-doing, and the promise initiates new political agreements. Arendt argues that forgiveness and the (...)
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  39. added 2018-06-12
    Chapter Twelve. Dialogue Community as a Promising Path to Global Justice.Fred Dallmayr - 2014 - In Jesper Garsdal & Johanna Seibt (eds.), How is Global Dialogue Possible?: Foundational Reseach on Value Conflicts and Perspectives for Global Policy. De Gruyter. pp. 283-288.
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  40. added 2018-06-12
    Oaths, Promises, and Compulsory Duties: Kant’s Response to Mendelssohn’s Jerusalem.J. Colin McQuillan - 2014 - Journal of the History of Ideas 75 (4):581-604.
    This article argues that Kant's essay on enlightenment responds to Moses Mendelssohn's defense of the freedom of conscience in Jerusalem. While Mendelssohn holds that the freedom of conscience as an inalienable right, Kant argues that the use of one's reason may be constrained by oaths. Kant calls such a constrained use of reason the private use of reason. While he also defends the unconditional freedom of the public use of reason, Kant believes that one makes oneself a part of the (...)
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  41. added 2018-06-12
    Fickle Consent.Tom Dougherty - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 167 (1):25-40.
    Why is consent revocable? In other words, why must we respect someone's present dissent at the expense of her past consent? This essay argues against act-based explanations and in favor of a rule-based explanation. A rule prioritizing present consent will serve our interests the best, in light of our interests in having flexibility over our consent and in minimizing the possibility of error in people's judgments about whether we consent.
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  42. added 2018-06-12
    Two Concepts of Rules.John Rawls & Andrei Korbut - 2013 - Russian Sociological Review 12 (2):16-40.
    In his famous paper John Rawls outlines a version of utilitarianism that takes into account the existing criticism of the utilitarian approach. Author shows that the traditional objections expressed in relation to two test cases of utilitarianism — punishment and promise-keeping — are based on the misunderstanding of utilitarian position, because they don’t make a distinction between justifying a practice and justifying a particular action falling under it. In the case of punishment, there two justifications of it: the retributive view (...)
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  43. added 2018-06-12
    Promising Against the Evidence.Berislav Marušić - 2013 - Ethics 123 (2):292-317.
    We often promise to ϕ despite having evidence that there is a significant chance that we won’t ϕ. This gives rise to a pressing philosophical problem: Are we irresponsible in making such promises since, it seems, we are insincere or irrational in making them? I argue that we needn’t be. When it’s up to us to ϕ, our practical reasons for ϕ-ing partly determine whether it is rational for us to believe that we will ϕ. That is why we can (...)
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  44. added 2018-06-12
    Shaping the Normative Landscape. By David Owens. [REVIEW]Mark Lebar - 2013 - Philosophical Quarterly 63 (253):851-853.
    The article reviews the book "Shaping the Normative Landscape" by David Owens.
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  45. added 2018-06-12
    Scanlon's Promising Proposal and the Righ Kind of Reasons to Believe.Mark van Roojen - 2013 - In Mark Timmons (ed.), Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 3. pp. 59-78.
    T. M. Scanlon suggests that the binding nature of promises itself plays a role in allowing a promisee rationally to expect follow through even while that binding nature itself depends on the promisee’s rational expectation of follow through. Kolodny and Wallace object that this makes the account viciously circular. The chapter defends Scanlon’s theory from this objection. It argues that the basic complaint is a form of wrong kinds of reason objection. The thought is that the promisee’s reason to expect (...)
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  46. added 2018-06-12
    Personhood, Promises, and the Politics of Narrative: A Ricoeurian Critique of Rawls’s Theory of Justice.Samia Hesni - 2013 - Philosophy Today 57 (1):84-98.
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  47. added 2018-06-12
    Promising Without Speaking.Chad Nilep - 2013 - In Adam Hodges (ed.), Discourses of War and Peace. Oxford University Press. pp. 145-167.
    This chapter argues that political promises do not have to be made by individual politicians. Rather, multiparty discourses may be attributed to political leaders, a process labeled metaphorical promising. It analyzes Yukio Hatoyama's brief (2009-2010) reign as Prime Minister of Japan. Hatoyama was forced to resign amid charges that he had failed to remove a US military base from Futenma, Okinawa. Although Japanese newspapers accused him of breaking promises to move the base, Hatoyama had never explicitly promised to do so. (...)
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  48. added 2018-06-12
    Broken Promises: How the AIDS Establishment Has Betrayed the Developing World by Edward C. Green.Matthew Hanley - 2012 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 12 (3):560-563.
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  49. added 2018-06-12
    Promising ‐ Part 2.Ulrike Heuer - 2012 - Philosophy Compass 7 (12):842-851.
    The explanation of promising is fraught with problems. In particular the problem that promises can be valid even when nothing good comes of keeping the promise, and the bootstrapping problem with explaining how the mere intention to put oneself under an obligation can create such an obligation have been recognized since Hume’s famous discussion of the topic. In part 1, I showed that two main views of promising which attempt to solve these problems fall short of explaining the promissory obligation (...)
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  50. added 2018-06-12
    On the Topic of the Divergence Between Legal and Moral Obligations in Common Law.Tareq Al-Tawil - 2012 - Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence 25 (1):5-37.
    If common law is to run parallel to the morality of promissory obligation, it must require the breaching seller to keep his promise, not simply to pay off the buyer. However, in the event of promise-breaking, common law orders the defendant to compensate the claimant for the loss that flows from the breach of the duty to perform. The following questions then arise: why does English law not order the defendant to do the very thing that the substantive duty requires (...)
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