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  1.  4
    The Abductive Structure of Scientific Creativity.Lorenzo Magnani - 2017 - Springer Verlag.
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  2.  20
    Abductive Cognition: The Epistemological and Eco-Cognitive Dimensions of Hypothetical Reasoning.Lorenzo Magnani - 2009 - Springer Verlag.
    Theoretical and manipulative abduction conjectures and manipulations : the extra-theoretical dimension of scientific discovery. -- Non-explanatory and instrumental abduction : plausibility, implausibility, ignorance preservation. -- Semiotic brains and artificial minds : how brains make up material cognitive systems. -- Neuromultimodal abduction : pre-wired brains, embidiment, neurospaces. -- Animal abduction : from mindless organisms to srtifactual mediators. -- Abduction, affordances, and cognitive niches : sharing representations and creating chances through cognitive niche construction. -- Abduction in human and logical agents : hasty (...)
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  3.  14
    The Eco-Cognitive Model of Abduction.Lorenzo Magnani - 2015 - Journal of Applied Logic 13 (3):285-315.
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  4.  15
    Naturalizing Logic.Lorenzo Magnani - 2015 - Journal of Applied Logic 13 (1):13-36.
  5.  42
    Morality in a Technological World: Knowledge as Duty.Lorenzo Magnani - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    The technological advances of contemporary society have outpaced our moral understanding of the problems that they create. How will we deal with profound ecological changes, human cloning, hybrid people, and eroding cyberprivacy, just to name a few issues? In this book, Lorenzo Magnani argues that existing moral constructs often cannot be applied to new technology. He proposes an entirely different ethical approach, one that blends epistemology with cognitive science. The resulting moral strategy promises renewed dignity for overlooked populations, both of (...)
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  6. Abduction, Reason, and Science Processes of Discovery and Explanation.Lorenzo Magnani - 2001
     
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  7.  4
    The Urgent Need of a Naturalized Logic.Lorenzo Magnani - 2018 - Philosophies 3 (4):44--0.
    The naturalization of logic aims at a revision of mainstream logic. In this article, I contend it is an urgent task to be completed. This new project will permit a new collaboration between logic and cognitive science. This can be accomplished doing for logic what many decades ago Quine and other philosophers undertook in the case of epistemology. First of all, this article analyzes how the naturalization can be achieved thanks to some insights provided by the recent John Woods’ book (...)
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  8.  44
    An Epistemological Analysis of Gossip and Gossip-Based Knowledge.Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2014 - Synthese 191 (17):4037-4067.
    Gossip has been the object of a number of different studies in the past 50 years, rehabilitating it not only as something worth being studied, but also as a pivotal informational and social structure of human cognition: Dunbar (Rev Gen Psychol 8(2):100–110, 2004) interestingly linked the emergence of language to nothing less than its ability to afford gossip. Different facets of gossip were analyzed by anthropologists, linguists, psychologists and philosophers, but few attempts were made to frame gossip within an epistemological (...)
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  9.  21
    Theoretical Considerations on Cognitive Niche Construction.Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2017 - Synthese 194 (12):4757-4779.
    Cognitive niche theories consist in a theoretical framework that is proving extremely profitable in bridging evolutionary biology, philosophy, cognitive science, and anthropology by offering an inter-disciplinary ground, laden with novel approaches and debates. At the same time, cognitive niche theories are multiple, and differently related to niche theories in theoretical and evolutionary biology. The aim of this paper is to clarify the theoretical and epistemological relationships between cognitive and ecological niche theories. Also, by adopting a constructionist approach we will try (...)
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  10.  10
    The Antinomies of Serendipity How to Cognitively Frame Serendipity for Scientific Discoveries.Selene Arfini, Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani - forthcoming - Topoi:1-10.
    During the second half of the last century, the importance of serendipitous events in scientific frameworks has been progressively recognized, fueling hard debates about their role, nature, and structure in philosophy and sociology of science. Alas, while discussing the relevance of the topic for the comprehension of the nature of scientific discovery, the philosophical literature has hardly paid attention to the cognitive significance of serendipity, accepting rather than examining some of its most specific features, such as its game-changing effect, the (...)
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  11.  46
    Perceiving the Infinite and the Infinitesimal World: Unveiling and Optical Diagrams in Mathematics. [REVIEW]Lorenzo Magnani & Riccardo Dossena - 2005 - Foundations of Science 10 (1):7-23.
    Many important concepts of the calculus are difficult to grasp, and they may appear epistemologically unjustified. For example, how does a real function appear in “small” neighborhoods of its points? How does it appear at infinity? Diagrams allow us to overcome the difficulty in constructing representations of mathematical critical situations and objects. For example, they actually reveal the behavior of a real function not “close to” a point (as in the standard limit theory) but “in” the point. We are interested (...)
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  12.  53
    A Philosophical and Evolutionary Approach to Cyber-Bullying: Social Networks and the Disruption of Sub-Moralities.Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2013 - Ethics and Information Technology 15 (4):285-299.
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  13.  91
    Model-Based and Manipulative Abduction in Science.Lorenzo Magnani - 2004 - Foundations of Science 9 (3):219-247.
    What I call theoretical abduction (sentential and model-based)certainly illustrates much of what is important in abductive reasoning, especially the objective of selecting and creating a set of hypotheses that are able to dispense good (preferred) explanations of data, but fails to account for many cases of explanation occurring in science or in everyday reasoning when the exploitation of the environment is crucial. The concept of manipulative abduction is devoted to capture the role of action in many interesting situations: action provides (...)
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  14.  34
    The Appeal of Gossiping Fallacies and its Eco-Logial Roots.Emanuele Bardone & Lorenzo Magnani - 2010 - Pragmatics and Cognition 18 (2):365-396.
    In this paper we show how some reasoning, though fallacious, can appear to be attractive and useful for beings-like-us. Although they do not provide conclusive evidence to support or reject a certain claim the way scientific statements do, they tell us something interesting about how humans build up their arguments and reasons. First of all, we will consider and investigate three main types of fallacies: argumentum ad hominem , argumentum ad verecundiam , and argumentum ad populum . These three fallacies (...)
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  15. Philosophy and Geometry Theoretical and Historical Issues.Lorenzo Magnani - 2001
     
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  16.  11
    Cognitive Autoimmunity Knowledge, Ignorance and Self-Deception.Selene Arfini & Lorenzo Magnani - 2016 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 24 (1).
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  17.  6
    The Eco-Cognitive Model of Abduction II.Lorenzo Magnani - 2016 - Journal of Applied Logic 15:94-129.
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  18.  4
    The Appeal of Gossiping Fallacies and its Eco-Logical Roots.Emanuele Bardone & Lorenzo Magnani - 2010 - Pragmatics and Cognition 18 (2):365-396.
    In this paper we show how some reasoning, though fallacious, can appear to be attractive and useful for beings-like-us. Although they do not provide conclusive evidence to support or reject a certain claim the way scientific statements do, they tell us something interesting about how humans build up their arguments and reasons. First of all, we will consider and investigate three main types of fallacies: argumentum ad hominem, argumentum ad verecundiam, and argumentum ad populum. These three fallacies are traditionally considered (...)
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  19.  14
    Special Issue: Formal Representations in Model-Based Reasoning and Abduction.Lorenzo Magnani, Walter Carnielli & Claudio Pizzi - 2012 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 20 (2):367-369.
    This is the preface of the special Issue: Formal Representations in Model-based Reasoning and Abduction, published at the Logic Jnl IGPL (2012) 20 (2): 367-369. doi: 10.1093/jigpal/jzq055 First published online: December 20, 2010.
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  20.  13
    An Abductive Theory of Scientific Reasoning.Lorenzo Magnani - 2005 - Semiotica 2005 (153 - 1/4):261-286.
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  21.  38
    Conjectures and Manipulations. Computational Modeling and the Extra- Theoretical Dimension of Scientific Discovery.Lorenzo Magnani - 2004 - Minds and Machines 14 (4):507-538.
    Computational philosophy (CP) aims at investigating many important concepts and problems of the philosophical and epistemological tradition in a new way by taking advantage of information-theoretic, cognitive, and artificial intelligence methodologies. I maintain that the results of computational philosophy meet the classical requirements of some Peircian pragmatic ambitions. Indeed, more than a 100 years ago, the American philosopher C.S. Peirce, when working on logical and philosophical problems, suggested the concept of pragmatism(pragmaticism, in his own words) as a logical criterion to (...)
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  22.  12
    Contemporary Finance as a Critical Cognitive Niche.Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2015 - Mind and Society 14 (2):273-293.
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  23. On the Representational Role of the Environment and on the Cognitive Nature of Manipulations.Alberto Gatti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2005 - In L. Magnani & R. Dossena (eds.), Computing, Philosophy and Cognition. pp. 227--242.
  24.  6
    Artificial Minds: How Brains Make Up.Lorenzo Magnani - 2007 - In R. Gudwin & J. Queiroz (eds.), Semiotics and Intelligent Systems Development. Idea Group. pp. 1.
  25.  44
    Distributed Morality: Externalizing Ethical Knowledge in Technological Artifacts. [REVIEW]Lorenzo Magnani & Emanuele Bardone - 2008 - Foundations of Science 13 (1):99-108.
    Technology moves us to a better world. We contend that through technology people can simplify and solve moral tasks when they are in presence of incomplete information and possess a diminished capacity to act morally. Many external things, usually inert from the moral point of view, can be transformed into the so-called moral mediators. Hence, not all of the moral tools are inside the head, many of them are shared and distributed in “external” objects and structures which function as ethical (...)
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  26.  44
    Understanding Violence: The Intertwining of Morality, Religion and Violence: A Philosophical Stance.Lorenzo Magnani - 2011 - Springer Verlag.
    This volume sets out to give a philosophical "applied" account of violence, engaged with both empirical and theoretical debates in other disciplines such as cognitive science, sociology, psychiatry, anthropology, political theory, ...
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  27.  41
    MODEL-BASED REASONING IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.Lorenzo Magnani, Walter Carnielli & Claudio Pizzi (eds.) - 2010 - Springer.
    This volume is based on the papers presented at the international conference Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology (MBR09_BRAZIL), held at the University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil, December 2009. The presentations given at the conference explored how scientific cognition, but several other kinds as well, use models, abduction, and explanatory reasoning to produce important or creative changes in theories and concepts. Some speakers addressed the problem of model-based reasoning in technology, and stressed the issue of science and technological innovation. (...)
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  28.  50
    Morphodynamical Abduction. Causation by Attractors Dynamics of Explanatory Hypotheses in Science.Lorenzo Magnani & Matteo Piazza - 2005 - Foundations of Science 10 (1):107-132.
    Philosophers of science today by and large reject the cataclysmic and irrational interpretation of the scientific enterprise claimed by Kuhn. Many computational models have been implemented to rationally study the conceptual change in science. In this recent tradition a key role is played by the concept of abduction as a mechanism by which new explanatory hypotheses are introduced. Nevertheless some problems in describing the most interesting abductive issues rise from the classical computational approach. It describes a cognitive process (and so (...)
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  29.  12
    Ignorance-Preserving Mental Models Thought Experiments as Abductive Metaphors.Selene Arfini, Claudia Casadio & Lorenzo Magnani - 2019 - Foundations of Science 24 (2):391-409.
    In this paper, we aim at explaining the relevance of thought experiments in philosophy and the history of science by describing them as particular instances of two categories of creative thinking: metaphorical reasoning and abductive cognition. As a result of this definition, we will claim that TEs hold an ignorance-preserving trait that is evidenced in both TEs inferential structure and in the process of scenario creation they presuppose. Elaborating this thesis will allow us to explain the wonder that philosophers of (...)
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  30. On Atocha Aliseda Abductive Reasoning.Atocha Aliseda, Johan van Benthem, Lorenzo Magnani, Angel Nepomuceno-Fernandez, Fernando Soler Toscano, Joke Meheus, Dagmar Provijn, John Woods, Silvio Pinto & Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2007 - Theoria 22 (60).
  31. Preface.Lorenzo Magnani & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2001 - Mind and Society 2 (2):29-32.
  32.  5
    Reasoning Through Doing. Epistemic Mediators in Scientific Discovery.Lorenzo Magnani - 2004 - Journal of Applied Logic 2 (4):439-450.
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  33.  4
    Of Cyborgs and Brutes: Technology-Inherited Violence and Ignorance.Tommaso Bertolotti, Selene Arfini & Lorenzo Magnani - 2017 - Philosophies 2 (1):1--14.
    The broad aim of this paper is to question the ambiguous relationship between technology and intelligence. More specifically, it addresses the reasons why the ever-increasing reliance on smart technologies and wide repositories of data does not necessarily increase the display of “smart” or even “intelligent” behaviors, but rather increases new instances of “brutality” as a mix of ignorance and violence. We claim that the answer can be found in the cyborg theory, and more specifically in the possibility to blend different (...)
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  34.  79
    Logic and Abduction: Cognitive Externalizations in Demonstrative Environments.Lorenzo Magnani - 2007 - Theoria 22 (3):275-284.
    In her book Abductive Reasoning Atocha Aliseda (2006) stresses the attention to the logical models of abduction, centering on the semantic tableaux as a method for extending and improving both the whole cognitive/philosophical view on it and on other more restricted logical approaches. I will provide further insight on two aspects. The first is re-lated to the importance of increasing logical knowledge on abduction: Aliseda clearly shows how the logical study on abduction in turn helps us to extend and modernize (...)
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  35.  17
    Preface.Lorenzo Magnani, Nancy Nersessian & Paul Thagard - 1998 - Philosophica 62.
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  36.  8
    The Role of Agency Detection in the Invention of Supernatural Beings.Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2010 - In W. Carnielli L. Magnani (ed.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology. pp. 239--262.
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  37.  3
    Morality and Psychopathic Criminals. Ethicocentrism, Mental Incapacity, Free Will, and the Fear of Decriminalization.Lorenzo Magnani - 2012 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 3 (1):26-35.
    Le sentenze che oggi vengono pronunciate contro i criminali psicopatici evitano accuratamente di far leva su considerazioni “morali”. Solitamente l’attribuzione di responsabilità morale ai criminali si basa spesso sul concetto cognitivo di infermità mentale, in maniera tale che il giudizio morale sulla condotta morale dei “criminali psicopatici” in questi casi venga tendenzialmente sterilizzato. La posizione che qui vorrei proporre individua oscurità e limiti epistemici nelle teorie e nei metodi correntemente impiegati nelle società occidentali per alleggerire le responsabilità morali, le quali, (...)
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  38.  7
    The Meaning of the Body: Aesthetics of Human Understanding. [REVIEW]Lorenzo Magnani - 2010 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 101:273-274.
  39.  27
    Withdrawing Unfalsifiable Hypotheses.Lorenzo Magnani - 1999 - Foundations of Science 4 (2):133-153.
    There has been little research into the weak kindsof negating hypotheses. Hypotheses may be unfalsifiable. In this case it is impossible tofind a contradiction in some area of the conceptualsystems in which they are incorporated.Notwithstanding this fact, it is sometimes necessaryto construct ways of rejecting the unfalsifiablehypothesis at hand by resorting to some external forms of negation, external because wewant to avoid any arbitrary and subjectiveelimination, which would be rationally orepistemologically unjustified. I will consider akind of ``weak'''' (unfalsifiable) hypotheses that (...)
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  40.  13
    Multimodal Abduction.Lorenzo Magnani - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 34:21-24.
    In this paper I contend that abduction is essentially multimodal, in that both data and hypotheses can have a full range of verbal and sensory representations, involving words, sights, images, smells, etc. but also kinesthetic experiences and other feelings such as pain, and thus all sensory modalities. The kinesthetic aspects simply explain abductive reasoning is basically manipulative, both linguistic and non linguistic signs have an internal semiotic life, as particular configurations of neural networks and chemical distributions (and in terms of (...)
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  41.  22
    Symposium on “Cognition and Rationality: Part I” The Rationality of Scientific Discovery: Abductive Reasoning and Epistemic Mediators. [REVIEW]Lorenzo Magnani - 2006 - Mind and Society 5 (2):213-228.
    Philosophers have usually offered a number of ways of describing hypotheses generation, but all aim at demonstrating that the activity of generating hypotheses is paradoxical, illusory or obscure, and then not analysable. Those descriptions are often so far from Peircian pragmatic prescription and so abstract to result completely unknowable and obscure. The “computational turn” gives us a new way to understand creative processes in a strictly pragmatic sense. In fact, by exploiting artificial intelligence and cognitive science tools, computational philosophy allows (...)
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  42.  7
    Multimodal Abduction: External Semiotic Anchors and Hybrid Representations.Lorenzo Magnani - 2006 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 14 (2):107-136.
    Our brains make up a series of signs and are engaged in making or manifesting or reacting to a series of signs: through this semiotic activity they are at the same time engaged in “being minds” and so in thinking intelligently. An important effect of this semiotic activity of brains is a continuous process of “externalization of the mind” that exhibits a new cognitive perspective on the mechanisms underling the semiotic emergence of abductive processes of meaning formation. To illustrate this (...)
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  43.  23
    Conjectures and Manipulations: External Representations in Scientific Reasoning.Lorenzo Magnani - 2002 - Mind and Society 3 (1):9-31.
    What I call theoretical abduction (sentential and model-based) certainly illustrates much of what is important in abductive reasoning, especially the objective of selecting and creating a set of hypotheses that are able to dispense good (preferred) explanations of data, but fails to account for many cases of explanations occurring in science or in everyday reasoning when the exploitation of the environment is crucial. The concept of manipulative abduction is devoted to capture the role of action in many interesting situations: action (...)
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  44.  14
    Abduction and Scientific Discovery.Lorenzo Magnani, Nancy Nersessian, Paul Thagard & An Offprint From Philosophies - 1998 - Philosophica 61 (1):51-76.
  45.  41
    A Response to Dr. Weinstein.Lorenzo Magnani - 2004 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 23 (4):293-298.
  46.  29
    Medical Diagnostic Reasoning: Epistemological Modeling as a Strategy for Design of Computer-Based Consultation Programs.Giovanni Barosi, Lorenzo Magnani & Mario Stefanelli - 1993 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (1).
    The complexity of cognitive emulation of human diagnostic reasoning is the major challenge in the implementation of computer-based programs for diagnostic advice in medicine. We here present an epistemological model of diagnosis with the ultimate goal of defining a high-level language for cognitive and computational primitives. The diagnostic task proceeds through three different phases: hypotheses generation, hypotheses testing and hypotheses closure. Hypotheses generation has the inferential form of abduction (from findings to hypotheses) constrained under the criterion of plausibility. Hypotheses testing (...)
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  47.  72
    Beyond Mind: How Brains Make Up Artificial Cognitive Systems. [REVIEW]Lorenzo Magnani - 2009 - Minds and Machines 19 (4):477-493.
  48.  3
    Political Correctness Between Wise Stoicism and Violent Hypocrisy.Lorenzo Magnani - 2016 - Philosophies 1 (3):261--274.
    This article aims at commenting in a novel way on the concept of political correctness, by showing that, even if adopting a politically-correct behavior aims at promoting a precise moral outcome, violence can be still perpetrated, despite good intentions. To afford in a novel way the problem of political correctness, I will adopt a theoretical strategy that adheres to moral stoicism, the problem of “silence”, the “fascist state of the mind” and the concept of “overmorality”, which I have introduced in (...)
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  49.  46
    Preface.Lorenzo Magnani & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2004 - Foundations of Science 9 (3):213-218.
  50.  51
    L. Albertazzi, G. J. Van Tonder, and D. Vishwanath (Eds): Perception Beyond Inference: The Information Content of Visual Processes. [REVIEW]Lorenzo Magnani - 2012 - Minds and Machines 22 (1):53-55.
    L. Albertazzi, G. J. van Tonder, and D. Vishwanath (eds): Perception Beyond Inference: The Information Content of Visual Processes Content Type Journal Article Pages 53-55 DOI 10.1007/s11023-011-9253-z Authors Lorenzo Magnani, Department of Philosophy and Computational Philosophy Laboratory, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy Journal Minds and Machines Online ISSN 1572-8641 Print ISSN 0924-6495 Journal Volume Volume 22 Journal Issue Volume 22, Number 1.
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