Results for 'M. Grunke'

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  1.  42
    Information and participation in decision-making about treatment: a qualitative study of the perceptions and preferences of patients with rheumatoid arthritis.J. Schildmann, M. Grunke, J. R. Kalden & J. Vollmann - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (11):775-779.
    Objectives: To elicit the perceptions and preferences of patients with rheumatoid arthritis regarding information and participation in treatment decision-making. To analyse the patients’ narratives on the background of the ethical discourse on various approaches to treatment decision-making. Design: In-depth interviews with themes identified using principles of grounded theory. Participants: 22 patients with long-standing rheumatoid arthritis. Main outcome measures: Qualitative data on patients’ perceptions and preferences regarding information and participation in decision-making about treatment. Results: Decision-making about treatment has been described by (...)
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  2.  38
    Chess, Artificial Intelligence, and Epistemic Opacity.Paul Grünke - 2019 - Információs Társadalom 19 (4):7--17.
    In 2017 AlphaZero, a neural network-based chess engine shook the chess world by convincingly beating Stockfish, the highest-rated chess engine. In this paper, I describe the technical differences between the two chess engines and based on that, I discuss the impact of the modeling choices on the respective epistemic opacities. I argue that the success of AlphaZero’s approach with neural networks and reinforcement learning is counterbalanced by an increase in the epistemic opacity of the resulting model.
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  3.  62
    The relationship of ethics education to moral sensitivity and moral reasoning skills of nursing students.Mihyun Park, Diane Kjervik, Jamie Crandell & Marilyn H. Oermann - 2012 - Nursing Ethics 19 (4):568-580.
    This study described the relationships between academic class and student moral sensitivity and reasoning and between curriculum design components for ethics education and student moral sensitivity and reasoning. The data were collected from freshman (n = 506) and senior students (n = 440) in eight baccalaureate nursing programs in South Korea by survey; the survey consisted of the Korean Moral Sensitivity Questionnaire and the Korean Defining Issues Test. The results showed that moral sensitivity scores in patient-oriented care and conflict were (...)
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  4.  14
    Stimulus-recognition and response-recall dependency in paired-associate learning.Mary E. Grunke & James V. Hinrichs - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 5 (6):453-455.
  5. Computer Simulations, Machine Learning and the Laplacean Demon: Opacity in the Case of High Energy Physics.Florian J. Boge & Paul Grünke - forthcoming - In Andreas Kaminski, Michael Resch & Petra Gehring (eds.), The Science and Art of Simulation II.
    In this paper, we pursue three general aims: (I) We will define a notion of fundamental opacity and ask whether it can be found in High Energy Physics (HEP), given the involvement of machine learning (ML) and computer simulations (CS) therein. (II) We identify two kinds of non-fundamental, contingent opacity associated with CS and ML in HEP respectively, and ask whether, and if so how, they may be overcome. (III) We address the question of whether any kind of opacity, contingent (...)
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  6.  77
    From Principles to Practice. An interdisciplinary framework to operationalise AI ethics.Lajla Fetic, Torsten Fleischer, Paul Grünke, Thilo Hagendorf, Sebastian Hallensleben, Marc Hauer, Michael Herrmann, Rafaela Hillerbrand, Carla Hustedt, Christoph Hubig, Andreas Kaminski, Tobias Krafft, Wulf Loh, Philipp Otto & Michael Puntschuh - 2020 - Bertelsmann-Stiftung.
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  7.  56
    Minds and Machines Special Issue: Machine Learning: Prediction Without Explanation?F. J. Boge, P. Grünke & R. Hillerbrand - 2022 - Minds and Machines 32 (1):1-9.
  8.  5
    Istoricheskoe i logicheskoe: filosofsko-metodologicheskiĭ analiz: monografii︠a︡.M. M. Prokhorov - 2004 - Nizhniĭ Novgorod: Volzhskai︠a︡ gos. inzhenerno-pedagog..
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  9.  21
    Las Actas de los mártires. Una actualización de los Documentos Sobre los Primeros Cristianos.Mª Amparo Mateo Donet - 2014 - Augustinianum 54 (2):375-400.
    This paper is an update of the documents we have concerning the Acts of the Christian martyrs, focused on three main aspects: 1) the kind of acts we know of and their classification from the point of view of their historic value; 2) the versions or editions of the texts that are most accepted by scholars; 3) the relevance of the different parts that make up these documents in order to discern the original text from passages that were rewritten or (...)
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  10.  2
    Effects of a Peer-Tutorial Reading Racetrack on Word Fluency of Secondary Students With Learning Disabilities and Emotional Behavioral Disorders.Anne Barwasser, Karolina Urton & Matthias Grünke - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Reading difficulties that are not addressed at the primary level continue to exist at the secondary level with serious consequences. Thus, it is important to provide struggling students with specific reading support. In particular, many students with learning disabilities and emotional behavioral disorders demonstrate reading obstacles and are at risk for motivation loss. A multiple baseline design was used to evaluate the effects of a motivational reading racetrack as peer-tutoring on the word reading skills of secondary students with LD with (...)
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  11. Aristotle and the pre-socratics.Thomas M. Robinson - 2004 - In Jorge J. E. Gracia & Jiyuan Yu (eds.), Uses and abuses of the classics: Western interpretations of Greek philosophy. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.
     
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  12. The Argument for Panpsychism from Experience of Causation.Hedda Hassel Mørch - 2019 - In William Seager (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Panpsychism. Routledge.
    In recent literature, panpsychism has been defended by appeal to two main arguments: first, an argument from philosophy of mind, according to which panpsychism is the only view which successfully integrates consciousness into the physical world (Strawson 2006; Chalmers 2013); second, an argument from categorical properties, according to which panpsychism offers the only positive account of the categorical or intrinsic nature of physical reality (Seager 2006; Adams 2007; Alter and Nagasawa 2012). Historically, however, panpsychism has also been defended by appeal (...)
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  13.  2
    al-Ḥurrīyah ʻinda Ibn ʻArabī.Majdī Muḥammad Ibrāhīm - 2004 - al-Ẓāhir, al-Qāhirah: Maktabat al-Thaqāfah al-Dīnīyah.
    Ibn al-ʻArabī, 1165-1240; views on freedom; Sufism; Islamic philosophy.
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  14. Focus: 271-297.M. Rooth - 1996 - In Shalom Lappin (ed.), The handbook of contemporary semantic theory. Cambridge, Mass., USA: Blackwell Reference. pp. 271-297.
     
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  15.  56
    Empedocles, the extant fragments.M. R. Wright - 1995 - Cambridge: Hackett Pub. Co.. Edited by M. R. Wright.
    Greek text, english translation and commentary on the surviving fragments of Empedocles (fragments as known in 1981, does not include more recent finds).
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  16.  23
    Look, no hands!Eric M. Patterson & Janet Mann - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (4):235-236.
    Contrary to Vaesen's argument that humans are unique with respect to nine cognitive capacities essential for tool use, we suggest that although such cognitive processes contribute to variation in tool use, it does not follow that these capacities arenecessaryfor tool use, nor that tool use shaped cognition per se, given the available data in cognitive neuroscience and behavioral biology.
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  17.  39
    Large infinitary languages: model theory.M. A. Dickmann - 1975 - New York: American Elsevier Pub. Co..
  18. On being alienated.M. G. F. Martin - 2006 - In Tamar Gendler & John Hawthorne (eds.), Perceptual experience. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  19. The civil society argument.M. Walzer - 1995 - In Julia Stapleton (ed.), Group rights: perspectives since 1900. Bristol: Thoemmes Press.
     
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  20. Gödel's incompleteness theorems.Raymond M. Smullyan - 1992 - New York: Oxford University Press. Edited by Lou Goble.
    Kurt Godel, the greatest logician of our time, startled the world of mathematics in 1931 with his Theorem of Undecidability, which showed that some statements in mathematics are inherently "undecidable." His work on the completeness of logic, the incompleteness of number theory, and the consistency of the axiom of choice and the continuum theory brought him further worldwide fame. In this introductory volume, Raymond Smullyan, himself a well-known logician, guides the reader through the fascinating world of Godel's incompleteness theorems. The (...)
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  21. The ethic of the care for the self as a practice of freedom: An interview with Michael Foucault on 20th January 1984.M. Foucault - 1987 - In James William Bernauer & David M. Rasmussen (eds.), The Final Foucault. Cambridge: MIT Press.
     
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  22. The Embedded Neuron, the Enactive Field?M. Chirimuuta & I. Gold - 2009 - In John Bickle (ed.), The Oxford handbook of philosophy and neuroscience. New York: Oxford University Press.
    The concept of the receptive field, first articulated by Hartline, is central to visual neuroscience. The receptive field of a neuron encompasses the spatial and temporal properties of stimuli that activate the neuron, and, as Hubel and Wiesel conceived of it, a neuron’s receptive field is static. This makes it possible to build models of neural circuits and to build up more complex receptive fields out of simpler ones. Recent work in visual neurophysiology is providing evidence that the classical receptive (...)
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  23. Na tenevoĭ storone: materialy k istorii seminara M.A. Rozova po ėpistemologii i filosofii nauki v Novosibirskom akademgorodke.M. A. Rozov & S. S. Rozova (eds.) - 1996 - Novosibirsk: Gosudarstvennyĭ komitet RF po vysshemu obrazovanii︠u︡, Novosibirskiĭ gosydarstvennyĭ universitet.
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  24.  12
    Naturalizing the transcendental: a pragmatic view.Sami Pihlström - 2003 - Amherst, N.Y.: Humanity Books.
  25. Introduction to Logic.Irving M. Copi - manuscript
    There are obvious benefits to be gained from the study of logic: heightened ability to express ideas clearly and concisely, increased skill in defining one's terms, enlarged capacity to formulate arguments rigorously and to analyze them critically. But the greatest benefit, in my judgment, is the recognition that reason can be applied in every aspect of human affairs.
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  26. Conspiracy Theories and Evidential Self-Insulation.M. Giulia Napolitano - 2021 - In Sven Bernecker, Amy K. Flowerree & Thomas Grundmann (eds.), The Epistemology of Fake News. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. pp. 82-105.
    What are conspiracy theories? And what, if anything, is epistemically wrong with them? I offer an account on which conspiracy theories are a unique way of holding a belief in a conspiracy. Specifically, I take conspiracy theories to be self-insulating beliefs in conspiracies. On this view, conspiracy theorists have their conspiratorial beliefs in a way that is immune to revision by counter-evidence. I argue that conspiracy theories are always irrational. Although conspiracy theories involve an expectation to encounter some seemingly disconfirming (...)
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  27. The masses in a representative democracy.M. Oakeshott - 1995 - In Julia Stapleton (ed.), Group rights: perspectives since 1900. Bristol: Thoemmes Press.
     
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  28.  92
    Varieties of three-valued Heyting algebras with a quantifier.M. Abad, J. P. Díaz Varela, L. A. Rueda & A. M. Suardíaz - 2000 - Studia Logica 65 (2):181-198.
    This paper is devoted to the study of some subvarieties of the variety Qof Q-Heyting algebras, that is, Heyting algebras with a quantifier. In particular, a deeper investigation is carried out in the variety Q 3 of three-valued Q-Heyting algebras to show that the structure of the lattice of subvarieties of Qis far more complicated that the lattice of subvarieties of Heyting algebras. We determine the simple and subdirectly irreducible algebras in Q 3 and we construct the lattice of subvarieties (...)
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  29. Dilemmas of ideology.M. Billig - 1988 - In Michael Billig (ed.), Ideological dilemmas: a social psychology of everyday thinking. Newbury Park: Sage Publications. pp. 25--42.
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  30. Computing machinery and intelligence.Alan M. Turing - 1950 - Mind 59 (October):433-60.
    I propose to consider the question, "Can machines think?" This should begin with definitions of the meaning of the terms "machine" and "think." The definitions might be framed so as to reflect so far as possible the normal use of the words, but this attitude is dangerous, If the meaning of the words "machine" and "think" are to be found by examining how they are commonly used it is difficult to escape the conclusion that the meaning and the answer to (...)
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  31.  32
    Growing explanations: historical perspectives on recent science.M. Norton Wise (ed.) - 2004 - Durham: Duke University Press.
    This collection addresses a post-WWII shift in the hierarchy of scientific explanations, where the highest goal moves from reductionism towards some ...
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  32.  31
    The indispensability of moral principles in governance.M. E. Abam - 2011 - Sophia: An African Journal of Philosophy 10 (2).
  33.  3
    ????????????????????????Karim Abdeldai̇m - 2016 - Journal of Turkish Studies 11 (Volume 11 Issue 15):1-1.
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  34. Barbara Kruger.M. Corris & L. R. Lippard - 2007 - In Diarmuid Costello & Jonathan Vickery (eds.), Art: key contemporary thinkers. New York: Berg. pp. 24.
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  35. Its power is founded on a kind of structural analysis of the poetics of ritual'(lc, P. 119). John Welchman.M. Kelley - 2007 - In Diarmuid Costello & Jonathan Vickery (eds.), Art: key contemporary thinkers. New York: Berg. pp. 16.
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  36.  37
    Zhuangzi’s Word, Heidegger’s Word, and the Confucian Word.Eske J. Møllgaard - 2014 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 41 (3-4):454-469.
    Traditional Chinese commentators rightly see that understanding Zhuangzi's way with words is the presupposition for understanding Zhuangzi at all. They are not sure, however, if Zhuangzi's words are super-effective or pure nonsense. I consider Zhuangzi's experience with language, and then turn to Heidegger's word of being to see if it may throw light on Zhuangzi's way of saying. I argue that a conversation between Heidegger and Zhuangzi on language is possible, but only by expanding Heidegger's notion of Gestell and through (...)
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  37. No Work For a Theory of Universals.M. Eddon & Christopher J. G. Meacham - 2015 - In Jonathan Schaffer & Barry Loewer (eds.), A Companion to David Lewis. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 116-137.
    Several variants of Lewis's Best System Account of Lawhood have been proposed that avoid its commitment to perfectly natural properties. There has been little discussion of the relative merits of these proposals, and little discussion of how one might extend this strategy to provide natural property-free variants of Lewis's other accounts, such as his accounts of duplication, intrinsicality, causation, counterfactuals, and reference. We undertake these projects in this paper. We begin by providing a framework for classifying and assessing the variants (...)
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  38. Counterrevolutionary Polemics: Katechon and Crisis in de Maistre, Donoso, and Schmitt.M. Blake Wilson - 2019 - Philosophical Journal of Conflict and Violence 3 (2).
    For the theorists of crisis, the revolutionary state comes into existence through violence, and due to its inability to provide an authoritative katechon (restrainer) against internal and external violence, it perpetuates violence until it self-destructs. Writing during extreme economic depression and growing social and political violence, the crisis theorists––Joseph de Maistre, Juan Donoso Cortés, and Carl Schmitt––each sought to blame the chaos of their time upon the Janus-faced postrevolutionary ideals of liberalism and socialism by urging a return to pre-revolutionary moral (...)
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  39.  64
    Does mathematics have objects? In what sense?M. Otte - 2003 - Synthese 134 (1-2):181 - 216.
  40. Toward the neurobiology of consciousness: Using brain imaging and anesthesia to investigate the anatomy of consciousness.M. T. Alkire, R. J. Haier & H. F. James - 1998 - In Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & Alwyn Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness II: The Second Tucson Discussions and Debates. MIT Press.
  41. 6 The Reality of Appearances.M. G. F. Martin - 1997 - In Heather Logue & Alex Byrne (eds.), Disjunctivism: Contemporary Readings. MIT Press. pp. 91.
  42. Explanation in Computational Neuroscience: Causal and Non-causal.M. Chirimuuta - 2018 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 69 (3):849-880.
    This article examines three candidate cases of non-causal explanation in computational neuroscience. I argue that there are instances of efficient coding explanation that are strongly analogous to examples of non-causal explanation in physics and biology, as presented by Batterman, Woodward, and Lange. By integrating Lange’s and Woodward’s accounts, I offer a new way to elucidate the distinction between causal and non-causal explanation, and to address concerns about the explanatory sufficiency of non-mechanistic models in neuroscience. I also use this framework to (...)
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  43. Consciousness and Mind.David M. Rosenthal - 2005 - New York: Oxford University Press UK.
    Consciousness and Mind presents David Rosenthal's influential work on the nature of consciousness. Central to that work is Rosenthal's higher-order-thought theory of consciousness, according to which a sensation, thought, or other mental state is conscious if one has a higher-order thought that one is in that state. The first four essays develop various aspects of that theory. The next three essays present Rosenthal's homomorphism theory of mental qualities and qualitative consciousness, and show how that theory fits with and helps sustain (...)
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  44. Protagoras and the self-refutation in Plato’s Theaetetus.M. F. Burnyeat - 1976 - Philosophical Review 85 (2):172-195.
  45. Deep neural networks are more accurate than humans at detecting sexual orientation from facial images.M. Kosinski & Y. Wang - 2018 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 114.
  46. This Matter of Abortion.M. Feldman David - 1995 - In Elliot N. Dorff & Louis E. Newman (eds.), Contemporary Jewish ethics and morality: a reader. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 382.
     
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  47.  55
    African philosophy, culture, and traditional medicine.M. Akin Makinde - 1988 - Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Center for International Studies.
    For over two centuries, Western scholars have discussed African philosophy and culture, often in disparaging, condescending terms, and always from an alien European perspective. Many Africans now share this perspective, having been trained in the western, empirical tradition. Makinde argues that, particularly in view of the costs and failings of western style culture, Africans must now mold their own modern culture by blending useful western practices with valuable indigenous African elements. Specifically, Makinde demonstrates the potential for the development of African (...)
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  48. Neuroscience and Philosophy: Brain, Mind, and Language.M. Bennett, D. C. Dennett, P. M. S. Hacker & J. R. & Searle (eds.) - 2007 - Columbia University Press.
    "Neuroscience and Philosophy" begins with an excerpt from "Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience," in which Maxwell Bennett and Peter Hacker question the ...
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  49.  41
    Introduction: Simplicity out of complexity? Physics and the aims of science.Florian J. Boge, Miguel-Ángel Carretero-Sahuquillo, Paul Grünke & Martin King - 2023 - Synthese 201 (4):1-9.
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  50. Saint Foucault: towards a gay hagiography.David M. Halperin - 1995 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    "My work has had nothing to do with gay liberation," Michel Foucault reportedly told an admirer in 1975. And indeed there is scarcely more than a passing mention of homosexuality in Foucault's scholarly writings. So why has Foucault, who died of AIDS in 1984, become a powerful source of both personal and political inspiration to an entire generation of gay activists? And why have his political philosophy and his personal life recently come under such withering, normalizing scrutiny by commentators as (...)
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