Results for 'Peter E. Mudrack'

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  1.  13
    Utilitarian Traits and the Janus-Headed Model: Origins, Meaning, and Interpretation.E. Mason & Peter Mudrack - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 156 (1):227-240.
    Two distinct and perhaps mutually exclusive understandings of utilitarianism have emerged in the ethics literature. Utilitarianism is typically regarded as an approach to determine ethicality by focusing on whether or not actions produce the greater good, but has also been conceptualized as a set of traits to which individuals might be predisposed. This paper is designed to clarify the meaning and implications of such utilitarian traits as “results-oriented,” “innovative,” and “a winner.” Although the Janus-headed model of ethical theory from which (...)
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  2.  35
    Ethical Judgments: What Do We Know, Where Do We Go? [REVIEW]Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 115 (3):575-597.
    Investigations into ethical judgments generally seem fuzzy as to the relevant research domain. We first attempted to clarify the construct and determine domain parameters. This attempt required addressing difficulties associated with pinpointing relevant literature, most notably the varied nomenclature used to refer to ethical judgments (individual evaluations of actions’ ethicality). Given this variation in construct nomenclature and the difficulties it presented in identifying pertinent focal studies, we elected to focus on research that cited papers featuring prominent and often-used measures of (...)
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  3.  9
    Utilitarian Traits and the Janus-Headed Model: Origins, Meaning, and Interpretation.Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 156 (1):227-240.
    Two distinct and perhaps mutually exclusive understandings of utilitarianism have emerged in the ethics literature. Utilitarianism is typically regarded as an approach to determine ethicality by focusing on whether or not actions produce the greater good, but has also been conceptualized as a set of traits to which individuals might be predisposed. This paper is designed to clarify the meaning and implications of such utilitarian traits as “results-oriented,” “innovative,” and “a winner.” Although the Janus-headed model of ethical theory from which (...)
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  4.  7
    A Relativistic Approach to Moral Judgment in Individuals: Review and Reinterpretation.Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason - 2020 - Business Ethics: A European Review 29 (2):403-416.
    Business Ethics: A European Review, EarlyView.
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  5.  51
    Dilemmas, Conspiracies, and Sophie’s Choice: Vignette Themes and Ethical Judgments.Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 118 (3):639-653.
    Knowledge about ethical judgments has not advanced appreciably after decades of research. Such research, however, has rarely addressed the possible importance of the content of such judgments; that is, the material appearing in the brief vignettes or scenarios on which survey respondents base their evaluations. Indeed, this content has seemed an afterthought in most investigations. This paper closely examined the vast array of vignettes that have appeared in relevant research in an effort to reduce this proliferation to a more concise (...)
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  6.  39
    Some Ethical Implications of Individual Competitiveness.Peter E. Mudrack, James M. Bloodgood & William H. Turnley - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 108 (3):347-359.
    This study examined some ethical implications of two different individual competitive orientations. Winning is crucially important in hypercompetitiveness , whereas a personal development (PD) perspective considers competition as a means to self-discovery and self-improvement. In a sample of 263 senior-level undergraduate business students, survey results suggested that hypercompetitiveness was generally associated with “poor ethics” and PD competitiveness was linked with “high ethics”. For example, hypercompetitive individuals generally saw nothing wrong with self-interested gain at the expense of others, but PD competitors (...)
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  7.  22
    An Investigation Into the Acceptability of Workplace Behaviors of a Dubious Ethical Nature.Peter E. Mudrack - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (7):517 - 524.
    Jones (1990) described ten workplace behaviors of a dubious ethical nature and determined that the hierarchical position adopted by respondents influenced the perceived acceptability of these behaviors. This measure seems promising, and therefore the purpose of this investigation is two-fold: (1) to explore further the psychometric properties of these ten items; and (2) to examine the role of individual difference variables as correlates of perceived acceptability. In two samples of working people, the Jones items were found to be internally consistent, (...)
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  8.  26
    The Untapped Relevance of Moral Development Theory in the Study of Business Ethics.Peter E. Mudrack - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 42 (3):225 - 236.
    The construct of cognitive moral development seemingly has powerful practical relevance in many areas of life. Nonetheless, moral reasoning seems of marginal relevance at best in the context of business ethics. Simply put, moral reasoning measurement indices are often only weakly related to many other apparently pertinent variables, and such findings cast doubt upon the construct validity of cognitive moral development. Many such unexpectedly weak relationships, however, may stem from two largely unrecognized methodological artifacts. The first artifact is an almost (...)
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  9.  28
    Individual Ethical Beliefs and Perceived Organizational Interests.Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (8):851 - 861.
    Two contrasting types of individuals were each predicted to agree, for different reasons, that conventional ethical standards of society need not be upheld if organizational interests appear to demand otherwise. The hypotheses were investigated using questionnaire responses from two samples (employed and student, total N=308). Clear support was obtained for the prediction that individuals inclined toward self-interest and behavior counter to conventional standards would agree with the preceding position. Partial support was obtained for the hypothesis that individuals who simply feel (...)
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  10.  56
    Gender and Ethical Orientation: A Test of Gender and Occupational Socialization Theories. [REVIEW]E. Sharon Mason & Peter E. Mudrack - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (6):599 - 604.
    Ethics and associated values influence not only managerial behavior but also managerial success (England and Lee, 1973). Gender socialization theory hypothesizes gender differences in ethics variables whether or not individuals are full time employees; occupational socialization hypothesizes gender similarity in employees. The conflicting hypotheses were investigated using questionnaire responses from a sample of 308 individuals. Analysis of variance and hierarchical regression yielded unexpected results. Although no significant gender differences emerged in individuals lacking full time employment, significant differences existed between employed (...)
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  11.  38
    Do Complex Moral Reasoners Experience Greater Ethical Work Conflict?E. Sharon Mason & Peter E. Mudrack - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (12-13):1311-1318.
    Individuals who disagree that organizational interests legitimately supersede those of the wider society may experience conflict between their personal standards of ethics and those demanded by an employing organization, a conflict that is well documented. An additional question is whether or not individuals capable of complex moral reasoning experience greater conflict than those reasoning at a less developed level. This question was first positioned in a theoretical framework and then investigated using 115 survey responses from a student sample. Correlational analysis (...)
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  12.  21
    Are the Elderly Really Machiavellian? A Reinterpretation of an Unexpected Finding.Peter E. Mudrack - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (9):757 - 758.
    In an article published recently in theJournal of Business Ethics, Vitellet al. (1991) found that elderly respondents scored surprisingly high on a measure of Machiavellianism. This paper offers an alternative explanation for this unexpected result — it may be an artifact of the survey format employed — and recommends additional research to help clarify the issues raised by Vitell and his colleagues.
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  13.  2
    Vignette Themes and Moral Reasoning in Business Contexts: The Case for the Defining Issues Test.Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-17.
    Some researchers interested in assessing moral reasoning among business practitioners or students have developed their own vignettes or scenarios set in business contexts, based on assumptions that the situations presented in the often-used Defining Issues Test will somehow be inappropriate for these specific types of respondents. This paper is the first to examine in depth both the actual details contained in these business-oriented scenarios and empirical findings emerging from them. Among this paper’s conclusions are: assumptions underpinning the presumed superiority of (...)
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  14.  9
    Moral Reasoning and Its Connections With Machiavellianism and Authoritarianism: The Critical Roles of Index Choice and Utilization.E. Sharon Mason & Peter E. Mudrack - 2019 - Business and Society 58 (4):779-812.
    Moral reasoning typically relates unexpectedly weakly with both Machiavellianism and authoritarianism. Although researchers often explain this by pointing to apparent shortcomings in both the construct and the measure of moral reasoning, such explanations are questionable given the many instances of support for hypotheses involving moral reasoning using the same construct and measure. As these latter cannot only sometimes be flawed, we explored the possible influence of moral reasoning index choice on observed results by using multiple indices available in the Defining (...)
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  15.  23
    Classically Conditioned Enhancement of Antibody Production.Peter E. Jenkins, Robin A. Chadwick & John A. Nevin - 1983 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (6):485-487.
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  16.  9
    Is There an Asymmetry Problem in the Genealogy of Postmetaphysical Reason?Peter E. Gordon - 2021 - Constellations 28 (1):45-50.
  17.  6
    An Interval Scale for Studying and Quantifying Social Relations in Pairs of Rhesus Monkeys.Peter E. Maxim - 1976 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 105 (2):123-147.
  18. Between Christian Democracy and Critical Theory: Habermas, Böckenförde, and the Dialectics of Secularization in Postwar Germany.Peter E. Gordon - 2013 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 80 (1):173-202.
     
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  19.  22
    Pianists Duet Better When They Play with Themselves: On the Possible Role of Action Simulation in Synchronization.Peter E. Keller, Günther Knoblich & Bruno H. Repp - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (1):102-111.
    Ensemble musicians play in synchrony despite expressively motivated irregularities in timing. We hypothesized that synchrony is achieved by each performer internally simulating the concurrent actions of other ensemble members, relying initially on how they would perform in their stead. Hence, musicians should be better at synchronizing with recordings of their own earlier performances than with others’ recordings. We required pianists to record one part from each of several piano duets, and later to play the complementary part in synchrony with their (...)
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  20.  28
    Narratives of Aggressive Care: Knowledge, Time, and Responsibility.E. Peter, S. Mohammed & A. Simmonds - 2014 - Nursing Ethics 21 (4):461-472.
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  21.  34
    Bringing Society Into the Body.Peter E. S. Freund - 1988 - Theory and Society 17 (6):839-864.
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  22.  43
    Critical Theory Between the Sacred and the Profane.Peter E. Gordon - 2016 - Constellations 23 (4):466-481.
  23. God's Action in the World: The Relevance of Quantum Mechanics.Peter E. Hodgson - 2000 - Zygon 35 (3):505-516.
  24.  16
    Distractibility During Retrieval of Long-Term Memory: Domain-General Interference, Neural Networks and Increased Susceptibility in Normal Aging.Peter E. Wais & Adam Gazzaley - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  25.  19
    Face Transplantation: When and for Whom?Peter E. M. Butler, Alex Clarke & Richard E. Ashcroft - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):16 – 17.
  26.  14
    The Flourishing and Dehumanization of Students in Higher Education.Peter E. Kahn - 2017 - Journal of Critical Realism 16 (4):368-382.
    An economic agenda, characterized by the mastery of subject knowledge or expertise, increasingly dominates higher education. In this article, I argue that this agenda fails to satisfy the full range of students’ aspirations, responsibilities and needs. Neither does it meet the needs of society. Rather, the overall purpose of higher education should be the morphogenesis of the agency of students, considered on an individual and on a collective basis. The article builds on recent critical realist theorizing to trace the generative (...)
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  27.  14
    Effect Size Estimates: Current Use, Calculations, and Interpretation.Catherine O. Fritz, Peter E. Morris & Jennifer J. Richler - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (1):2-18.
  28.  44
    Must the Sacred Be Transcendent?Peter E. Gordon - 2011 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 54 (2):126-139.
    In his book A Secular Age, Charles Taylor appeals to the metaphysical?normative distinction between ?immanence? and ?transcendence? as definitive for post-Axial religion. On Taylor's view, therefore, those of us who embrace a fully secular modernity can be described as having abandoned ?transcendence? to take up our lives wholly within the confines of the immanent frame, though he grants we may seek alternative satisfactions or ?substitutes? for eternity. But the notion that any metaphysical?normative model of sacred experience can serve as an (...)
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  29.  2
    The Cambridge Companion to Hippocrates.Peter E. Pormann (ed.) - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    Hippocrates is a towering figure in Greek medicine. Dubbed the 'father of medicine', he has inspired generations of physicians over millennia in both the East and West. Despite this, little is known about him, and scholars have long debated his relationship to the works attributed to him in the so-called 'Hippocratic Corpus', although it is undisputed that many of the works within it represent milestones in the development of Western medicine. In this Companion, an international team of authors introduces major (...)
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  30. The Philosophical Works of Al-Kindi.Peter E. Pormann & Peter Adamson (eds.) - 2012 - Oup Pakistan.
    Al-Kindī, honoured as the 'philosopher of the Arabs', was the first philosopher of Islam. His pioneer philosophical writings engage with ideas that became available through the Graeco-Arabic translation movement. This volume makes his entire philosophical output-some two dozen works-available in English, most of them for the first time. An overall introduction, introductions to each work and extensive notes explain al-Kindī's ideas, sources, and influence.
     
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  31.  11
    Guest Editorial: Three Recommendations for the Future of Moral Distress Scholarship.E. Peter - 2015 - Nursing Ethics 22 (1):3-4.
  32.  2
    Authoritarianism: Three Inquiries in Critical Theory.Wendy Brown, Peter E. Gordon & Max Pensky - 2018 - University of Chicago Press.
    Across the Euro-Atlantic world, political leaders have been mobilizing their bases with nativism, racism, xenophobia, and paeans to “traditional values,” in brazen bids for electoral support. How are we to understand this move to the mainstream of political policies and platforms that lurked only on the far fringes through most of the postwar era? Does it herald a new wave of authoritarianism? Is liberal democracy itself in crisis? In this volume, three distinguished scholars draw on critical theory to address our (...)
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  33.  1
    Plagiarism in Five Universities in Mozambique: Magnitude, Detection Techniques, and Control Measures: Magnitude, Detection Techniques, and Control Measuresa.Peter E. Coughlin - 2015 - International Journal for Educational Integrity 11 (1).
    Hugely facilitated by the Internet, plagiarism by students threatens educational quality and professional ethics worldwide. Plagiarism reduces learning and is correlated with increased fraud and inefficiency on the job, thus lessening competitiveness and hampering development.In this context, the present research examines 48 licenciatura theses and 102 masters theses from five of Mozambique’s largest universities. Of the 150 theses, 75% contained significant plagiarism and 39%, very much. Significant plagiarism was detected in both licenciatura and masters theses. By using both Turnitin and (...)
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  34.  16
    A New Way of Scoring Moral Judgement Interviews.Peter E. Langford & J. Vin D'Cruz - 1989 - Journal of Moral Education 18 (2):118-130.
    Two studies of the categorisation of justifications for judgements of the morality of the actions of others were reported, using a scoring scheme not previously reported. Results showed that a reaspnable degree of inter-rater reliability was achieved, and that developmental trends detected weere robust both with respect to interviewer and interview content, although interview content had an expected and comprehensible influence on the frequency of items within content categories. Results were interpreted within the context of a model of the development (...)
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  35.  3
    8. Weimar Theology: From Historicism to Crisis.Peter E. Gordon - 2013 - In John P. McCormick & Peter E. Gordon (eds.), Weimar Thought: A Contested Legacy. Princeton University Press. pp. 150-178.
  36.  43
    Elusive Thoughts: The Limited Accessibility of Indexical Beliefs.Peter E. Pruim - 1996 - Philosophical Studies 83 (2):171 - 190.
  37.  9
    Culture Follows Design: Code Design as an Antecedent of the Ethical Culture.Thomas Stöber, Peter Kotzian & Barbara E. Weißenberger - 2019 - Business Ethics: A European Review 28 (1):112-128.
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  38.  13
    A Non‐Kohlbergian Approach to the Development of Justifications for Moral Judgements.Peter E. Langford & Leslie F. Claydon - 1989 - Educational Studies 15 (3):261-279.
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  39.  43
    Agonies of the Real: Anti-Realism From Kuhn to Foucault.Peter E. Gordon - 2012 - Modern Intellectual History 9 (1):127-147.
    When did historians begin to put quotation marks around the wordreal? There are many examples of this habit and some of them will be set forth as evidence in what follows. But before doing so we might ask a preliminary question: What are the quotation marksthemselvessupposed to mean? Today we find them so familiar they hardly need to be written and they are more frequently consigned to the everyday repertoire of silent gesture: two fingers on either hand clutch at the (...)
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  40.  2
    Identity Theory.Peter J. Burke & Jan E. Stets - 2009 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The concept of identity has become widespread within the social and behavioral sciences in recent years, cutting across disciplines from psychiatry and psychology to political science and sociology. All individuals claim particular identities given their roles in society, groups they belong to, and characteristics that describe themselves. Introduced almost 30 years ago, identity theory is a social psychological theory that attempts to understand identities, their sources in interaction and society, their processes of operation, and their consequences for interaction and society (...)
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  41.  2
    3. The Jargon of Authenticity.Peter E. Gordon - 2016 - In Adorno and Existence. Harvard University Press. pp. 84-119.
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  42.  22
    Severance Pay: Moving From Managerial Prerogative to Worker Entitlement.Peter E. Millspaugh - 1989 - Business and Society 28 (1):6-11.
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  43.  16
    Medical Methodology and Hospital Practice: The Case of Fourth-/Tenth-Century Baghdad.Peter E. Pormann - 2008 - In Peter Adamson (ed.), In the Age of Al-Fārābī: Arabic Philosophy in the Fourth-Tenth Century. Warburg Institute. pp. 95--118.
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  44.  27
    Plant Closing Ethics Root in American Law.Peter E. Millspaugh - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (8):665 - 670.
    The harsh consequences of the American plant closing epidemic in recent years on workers, their families, and their communities, has raised widespread ethical and moral concerns. In the early 1970s, a diverse group of academics, social activists, public policy analysts, and special interest organizations developed a number of legislative proposals designed to restrict closings by law. The proposals encountered many formidable obstacles in an increasingly hostile free-market environment. The business community was itself moved to assume some of the burdens precipitated (...)
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  45.  13
    Ruit Oceano Nox.Peter E. Knox - 1989 - Classical Quarterly 39 (01):265-.
    Night falls on war-weary Troy after a day of celebration, setting the stage for the final agony of the city: uertitur interea caelum et ruit Oceano nox inuoluens umbra magna terramque polumque Myrmidonumque dolos.
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  46.  11
    Cicero as a Hellenistic Poet.Peter E. Knox - 2011 - Classical Quarterly 61 (1):192-204.
  47.  8
    Phaethon in Ovid and Nonnus.Peter E. Knox - 1988 - Classical Quarterly 38 (02):536-.
    Among the artifacts produced by nineteenth-century Quellenforschung, few have exerted more influence or endured more censure than the lost Hellenistic epyllion which, as reconstructed by G. Knaack, told of the journey of Phaethon to the palace of the sun-god and his disastrous ride in the solar car. Relying chiefly upon the two versions of the story told by Ovid in his Metamorphoses and Nonnus in the Dionysiaca , and applying techniques comparable to the stemmatic method of textual criticism, Knaack traced (...)
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  48.  23
    Review of Edward Skidelsky (Author 1st Book), Jeffrey Andrew Barash (Editor 2nd Book), (Book 1) Ernst Cassirer: The Last Philosopher of Culture; (Book 2) the Symbolic Construction of Reality: The Legacy of Ernst Cassirer[REVIEW]Peter E. Gordon - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (9).
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  49.  21
    Untangling the Role of DNA Topoisomerase II in Mitotic Chromosome Structure and Function.Peter E. Warburton & William C. Earnshaw - 1997 - Bioessays 19 (2):97-99.
  50.  13
    New Fragments From Rufus of Ephesus' on Melancholy.Peter E. Pormann - 2014 - Classical Quarterly 64 (2):649-656.
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