Results for 'Reidar Mykletun'

120 found
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  1.  17
    The Relationship Between Supervisor Personality, Supervisors' Perceived Stress and Workplace Bullying.Gro Ellen Mathisen, Ståle Einarsen & Reidar Mykletun - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 99 (4):637 - 651.
    This study investigated the relationship between supervisor personality and subordinate reports of exposure to bullying and harassment at work. Three research questions were examined: (a) Is there a direct relationship between supervisor personality and reports of workplace bullying? (b) Is there an interaction between supervisor personality and supervisors' perceived stress as predictors of workplace bullying? (c) Will subordinates who experience bullying at their workplace rate their supervisor's personality more negatively (negative halo effect)? The sample consisted of 207 supervisors and employees (...)
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  2.  8
    The Relationship Between Supervisor Personality, Supervisors’ Perceived Stress and Workplace Bullying.Gro Ellen Mathisen, Ståle Einarsen & Reidar Mykletun - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 99 (4):637-651.
    This study investigated the relationship between supervisor personality and subordinate reports of exposure to bullying and harassment at work. Three research questions were examined: Is there a direct relationship between supervisor personality and reports of workplace bullying? Is there an interaction between supervisor personality and supervisors’ perceived stress as predictors of workplace bullying? Will subordinates who experience bullying at their workplace rate their supervisor’s personality more negatively? The sample consisted of 207 supervisors and employees within 70 Norwegian restaurants. Supervisors low (...)
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  3.  9
    Response to Reidar Lie.Gerrit Kimsma - 1997 - Ethical Perspectives 4 (4):274-279.
    I disagree with what Reidar Lie has presented here, not because his presentation is deficient, but because the philosophy of the relationship between physician and patient is too narrow. First of all he paints a one-sided and distorted picture of American formulations and descriptions of the concept of autonomy, especially one aspect of it: informed consent. He concludes that autonomy is not an adequate basis for understanding the medical relationship. And then he ends his paper in a vacuum: a (...)
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  4.  31
    Reidar Maliks, Kant’s Politics in Context Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014 Pp. 195 ISBN 9780199645152 $85.00. [REVIEW]Jeppe von Platz - 2015 - Kantian Review 20 (3):492-497.
  5.  53
    Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Christine C. Grady, Robert A. Crouch, Reidar K. Lie, Franklin G. Miller, and David D. Wendler (Eds.): The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. [REVIEW]Roger Stanev - 2012 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (3):221-226.
  6.  33
    To Set a Gross Distortion Straight: A Reply to Reidar Lie's Book Review of Jing-Bao Nie's Medical Ethics in China: A Transcultural Interpretation (Routledge 2011).Jing-Bao Nie - 2012 - Asian Bioethics Review 4 (4):399-406.
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  7.  27
    Elaborating and Promoting a New Ethical Framework for Clinical Research: Ezekiel J. Emanuel; Christine Grady; Robert A. Crouch; Reidar K. Lie; Franklin G. Miller; and David Wendler . 2008. The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 827 Pages. ISBN: 978-0195168655. Price: £95.00.Hans-Jörg Ehni - 2010 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (3):287-290.
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  8.  18
    Reidar Dale: ‘People’s Development Through People’s Institutions: The Social Mobilisation Programme Hambantota, Sri Lanka’. [REVIEW]Naresh Singh - 2007 - AI and Society 21 (3):383-385.
  9.  17
    Reidar Due (2007) Deleuze, Cambridge: Polity. A Missed Encounter?Aidan Tynan - 2011 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 5 (3):431-437.
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  10.  20
    Kierkegaard's Philosophy of Religion. By Reidar Thomte.Leonard J. Eslick - 1951 - Modern Schoolman 28 (4):305-307.
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  11.  14
    Kant’s Politics in Context. By Reidar Maliks.Lydia L. Moland - 2016 - International Philosophical Quarterly 56 (1):113-115.
  12.  13
    Maliks, Reidar. Kant’s Politics in Context.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. Pp. 208. $85.00.Jonathan Peterson - 2016 - Ethics 126 (2):513-517.
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  13.  22
    Reidar Due (2007) Deleuze, Cambridge: Polity.Aidan Tynan - 2011 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 5 (3):431-437.
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  14. Review: Reidar Maliks, Kant’s Politics in Context. [REVIEW]Review by: Jonathan Peterson - 2016 - Ethics 126 (2):513-517.
     
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  15.  17
    Kierkegaard's Philosophy of Religion. By Reidar Thomte. (Princeton University Press; London, Geoffrey Cumberlege. 1948. Pp. Viii, 228. 18s. Net.). [REVIEW]Frederick C. Copleston - 1950 - Philosophy 25 (92):86-.
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  16.  8
    Soren Kierkegaard. The Concept of Anxiety: A Simple Psychologically Orienting Deliberation on the Dogmatic Issue of Hereditary Sin, Edited and Translated by Reidar Thomte . Pp. Xviii + 273. Index and Notes. Cloth £10.20. Paper £2.75. [REVIEW]Fred Berthold - 1982 - Religious Studies 18 (3):406.
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  17.  1
    THOMTE, REIDAR. "Kierkegaard's Philosophy of Religion". [REVIEW]Leonard J. Eslick - 1950 - Modern Schoolman 28:305.
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  18. Review: Reidar Maliks, Kant’s Politics in Context. [REVIEW]Jonathan Peterson - 2016 - Ethics 126 (2):513-517.
     
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  19.  36
    Deleuze.Reidar Andreas Due - 2007 - Polity.
    This book provides a clear and concise introduction to the philosophy of Gilles Deleuze. It analyses his key theoretical concepts, such as difference and the body without organs, and covers all the different areas of his thought, including metaphysics, the history of philosophy, psychoanalysis, political theory, the philosophy of the social sciences and aesthetics. As the first book to offer a comprehensive analysis of Deleuze's writings, it reveals both the internal coherence of his philosophy and its development through a series (...)
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  20.  42
    Outcomes of Moral Case Deliberation - the Development of an Evaluation Instrument for Clinical Ethics Support (the Euro-MCD).Mia Svantesson, Jan Karlsson, Pierre Boitte, Jan Schildman, Linda Dauwerse, Guy Widdershoven, Reidar Pedersen, Martijn Huisman & Bert Molewijk - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):30.
    Clinical ethics support, in particular Moral Case Deliberation, aims to support health care providers to manage ethically difficult situations. However, there is a lack of evaluation instruments regarding outcomes of clinical ethics support in general and regarding Moral Case Deliberation (MCD) in particular. There also is a lack of clarity and consensuses regarding which MCD outcomes are beneficial. In addition, MCD outcomes might be context-sensitive. Against this background, there is a need for a standardised but flexible outcome evaluation instrument. The (...)
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  21.  13
    Ethics Support in Community Care Makes a Difference for Practice.Morten Magelssen, Elisabeth Gjerberg, Lillian Lillemoen, Reidun Førde & Reidar Pedersen - 2018 - Nursing Ethics 25 (2):165-173.
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  22.  23
    Four Roles of Ethical Theory in Clinical Ethics Consultation.Morten Magelssen, Reidar Pedersen & Reidun Førde - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (9):26-33.
    When clinical ethics committee members discuss a complex ethical dilemma, what use do they have for normative ethical theories? Members without training in ethical theory may still contribute to a pointed and nuanced analysis. Nonetheless, the knowledge and use of ethical theories can play four important roles: aiding in the initial awareness and identification of the moral challenges, assisting in the analysis and argumentation, contributing to a sound process and dialogue, and inspiring an attitude of reflexivity. These four roles of (...)
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  23.  20
    Clinicians' Evaluation of Clinical Ethics Consultations in Norway: A Qualitative Study. [REVIEW]Reidun Førde, Reidar Pedersen & Victoria Akre - 2008 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (1):17-25.
    Clinical ethics committees have existed in Norway since 1996. By now all hospital trusts have one. An evaluation of these committees’ work was started in 2004. This paper presents results from an interview study of eight clinicians who evaluated six committees’ deliberations on 10 clinical cases. The study indicates that the clinicians found the clinical ethics consultations useful and worth while doing. However, a systematic approach to case consultations is vital. Procedures and mandate of the committees should be known to (...)
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  24.  21
    Ethics Reflection Groups in Community Health Services: An Evaluation Study.Lillian Lillemoen & Reidar Pedersen - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):25.
    Systematic ethics support in community health services in Norway is in the initial phase. There are few evaluation studies about the significance of ethics reflection on care. The aim of this study was to evaluate systematic ethics reflection in groups in community health , - from the perspectives of employees participating in the groups, the group facilitators and the service managers. The reflection groups were implemented as part of a research and development project.
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  25.  42
    Ethical Challenges and How to Develop Ethics Support in Primary Health Care.Lillian Lillemoen & Reidar Pedersen - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (1):96-108.
    Ethics support in primary health care has been sparser than in hospitals, the need for ethics support is probably no less. We have, however, limited knowledge about how to develop ethics support that responds to primary health-care workers’ needs. In this article, we present a survey with a mixture of closed- and open-ended questions concerning: How frequent and how distressed various types of ethical challenges make the primary health-care workers feel, how important they think it is to deal with these (...)
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  26.  32
    Clinical Ethics Committees in Norway: What Do They Do, and Does It Make a Difference?Reidun Førde & Reidar Pedersen - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (3):389-395.
    The first clinical ethics committees in Norway were established in 1996. This started as an initiative from hospital clinicians, the Norwegian Medical Association, and health authorities and politicians. Norwegian hospitals are, by and large, publicly funded through taxation, and all inpatient treatment is free of charge. Today, all the 23 hospital trusts have established at least one committee. Center for Medical Ethics , University of Oslo, receives an annual amount of US$335,000 from the Ministry of Health and Care Services to (...)
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  27.  15
    Moral Standards for Research in Developing Countries From "Reasonable Availability" to "Fair Benefits".Maged El Setouhy, Tsiri Agbenyega, Francis Anto, Christine Alexandra Clerk, Kwadwo A. Koram, Michael English, Rashid Juma, Catherine Molyneux, Norbert Peshu, Newton Kumwenda, Joseph Mfutso-Bengu, Malcolm Molyneux, Terrie Taylor, Doumbia Aissata Diarra, Saibou Maiga, Mamadou Sylla, Dione Youssouf, Catherine Olufunke Falade, Segun Gbadegesin, Reidar Lie, Ferdinand Mugusi, David Ngassapa, Julius Ecuru, Ambrose Talisuna, Ezekiel Emanuel, Christine Grady, Elizabeth Higgs, Christopher Plowe, Jeremy Sugarman & David Wendler - 2004 - Hastings Center Report 34 (3):17.
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  28.  14
    Ethical Challenges When Using Coercion in Mental Healthcare: A Systematic Literature Review.Marit Helene Hem, Elisabeth Gjerberg, Tonje Lossius Husum & Reidar Pedersen - 2018 - Nursing Ethics 25 (1):92-110.
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  29.  41
    Ethical Challenges in Connection with the Use of Coercion: A Focus Group Study of Health Care Personnel in Mental Health Care.Marit H. Hem, Bert Molewijk & Reidar Pedersen - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):82.
    In recent years, the attention on the use of coercion in mental health care has increased. The use of coercion is common and controversial, and involves many complex ethical challenges. The research question in this study was: What kind of ethical challenges related to the use of coercion do health care practitioners face in their daily clinical work?
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  30.  21
    The Significance of Ethics Reflection Groups in Mental Health Care: A Focus Group Study Among Health Care Professionals.Marit Helene Hem, Bert Molewijk, Elisabeth Gjerberg, Lillian Lillemoen & Reidar Pedersen - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):54.
    Professionals within the mental health services face many ethical dilemmas and challenging situations regarding the use of coercion. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the significance of participating in systematic ethics reflection groups focusing on ethical challenges related to coercion. In 2013 and 2014, 20 focus group interviews with 127 participants were conducted. The interviews were tape recorded and transcribed verbatim. The analysis is inspired by the concept of ‘bricolage’ which means our approach was inductive. Most participants report (...)
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  31.  3
    Implementing Ethics Reflection Groups in Hospitals: An Action Research Study Evaluating Barriers and Promotors.Henriette Bruun, Reidar Pedersen, Elsebeth Stenager, Christian Backer Mogensen & Lotte Huniche - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):49.
    An ethics reflection group is one of a range of ethics support services developed to better handle ethical challenges in healthcare. The aim of this article is to evaluate the implementation process of interdisciplinary ERGs in psychiatric and general hospital departments in Denmark. To our knowledge, this is the first study of ERG implementation to include both psychiatric and general hospital departments. The implementation and evaluation strategies are inspired by action research, using a qualitative approach and systematic text condensation of (...)
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  32.  20
    Priority Setting in Health Care: Lessons From the Experiences of Eight Countries.Lindsay M. Sabik & Reidar K. Lie - unknown
    All health care systems face problems of justice and efficiency related to setting priorities for allocating a limited pool of resources to a population. Because many of the central issues are the same in all systems, the United States and other countries can learn from the successes and failures of countries that have explicitly addressed the question of health care priorities. We review explicit priority setting efforts in Norway, Sweden, Israel, the Netherlands, Denmark, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the (...)
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  33.  48
    Barriers and Challenges in Clinical Ethics Consultations: The Experiences of Nine Clinical Ethics Committees: Country Reports.Reidar Pedersen - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (8):460-469.
    Clinical ethics committees have recently been established in nearly all Norwegian hospital trusts. One important task for these committees is clinical ethics consultations. This qualitative study explores significant barriers confronting the ethics committees in providing such consultation services. The interviews with the committees indicate that there is a substantial need for clinical ethics support services and, in general, the committee members expressed a great deal of enthusiasm for the committee work. They also reported, however, that tendencies to evade moral disagreement, (...)
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  34.  29
    Novel Paths to Relevance: How Clinical Ethics Committees Promote Ethical Reflection.Morten Magelssen, Reidar Pedersen & Reidun Førde - 2016 - HEC Forum 28 (3):205-216.
    How may clinical ethics committees inspire ethical reflection among healthcare professionals? How may they deal with organizational ethics issues? In recent years, Norwegian CECs have attempted different activites that stretch or go beyond the standard trio of education, consultation, and policy work. We studied the novel activities of Norwegian CECs by examining annual reports and interviewing CEC members. Through qualitative analysis we identified nine categories of novel CEC activities, which we describe by way of examples. In light of the findings, (...)
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  35.  4
    Clinical Ethics Committees – Also for Mental Health Care? The Norwegian Experience.Irene Syse, Reidun Førde & Reidar Pedersen - 2016 - Clinical Ethics 11 (2-3):81-86.
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  36.  9
    Ethics in Municipal Health Services: Working Systematically with, and Developing Competence in Ethics.Lillian Lillemoen & Reidar Pedersen - 2013 - Clinical Ethics 8 (1):19-28.
    The Norwegian Parliament has decided to give priority to ethics in municipal health services. This priority is supposed to raise competence in ethics within municipal health services. As part of the national project, the participating municipalities were encouraged to develop and carry out local projects. In this article, we present a local ethics project in one of the participating municipalities in central eastern Norway. The local project for raising competence in ethics was carried out in cooperation with researchers at the (...)
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  37.  40
    Dealing with Ethical Challenges: A Focus Group Study with Professionals in Mental Health Care.Bert Molewijk, Marit Helene Hem & Reidar Pedersen - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):4.
    Little is known about how health care professionals deal with ethical challenges in mental health care, especially when not making use of a formal ethics support service. Understanding this is important in order to be able to support the professionals, to improve the quality of care, and to know in which way future ethics support services might be helpful.
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  38.  15
    Staff’s Normative Attitudes Towards Coercion: The Role of Moral Doubt and Professional Context—a Cross-Sectional Survey Study.Bert Molewijk, Almar Kok, Tonje Husum, Reidar Pedersen & Olaf Aasland - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):37.
    The use of coercion is morally problematic and requires an ongoing critical reflection. We wondered if not knowing or being uncertain whether coercion is morally right or justified is related to professionals’ normative attitudes regarding the use of coercion. This paper describes an explorative statistical analysis based on a cross-sectional survey across seven wards in three Norwegian mental health care institutions. Descriptive analyses showed that in general the 379 respondents a) were not so sure whether coercion should be seen as (...)
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  39.  20
    Empathy: A Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing? [REVIEW]Reidar Pedersen - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (3):325-335.
    Empathy is generally regarded as important and positive. However, descriptions of empathy are often inadequate and deceptive. Furthermore, there is a widespread lack of critical attention to such deficiencies. This critical review of the medical discourse of empathy shows that tendencies to evade and misrepresent the understanding subject are common. The understanding subject’s contributions to the empathic process are often neglected or described as something that can and should be avoided or controlled. Furthermore, the intrinsic and closely interwoven relationship between (...)
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  40.  16
    Kant's Politics in Context.Reidar Maliks - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    An introduction to the political philosophy of Kant, exploring how he developed his views in a context shaped by controversies following the French revolution. It provides new information on his followers and critics as they engaged in high stakes political debates on freedom's relation to the state at this key turning point in history.
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  41.  35
    No Ethical Divide Between China and the West in Human Embryo Research.Xiaomei Zhai, Vincent Ng & Reidar Lie - 2016 - Developing World Bioethics 16 (2):116-120.
    This is a discussion of the reaction to the recent research article publication in the journal Protein & Cell by a group of scientists at Sun Yat-sen University using the CRISPR/Cas9 technique on editing non-viable human zygotes. Many commentators condemned the Chinese scientists for overstepping ethical boundaries long accepted in Western countries and accused China of having lax regulations on genomic research in general. We argue that not only did this research follow strict ethical standards and fully comply with current (...)
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  42. Acting Through Others: Kant and the Exercise View of Representation.Reidar Maliks - 2009 - Public Reason 1 (1):9-26.
    Democratic theorists are usually dismissive about the idea that citizens act “through” their representatives and often hold persons to exercise true political agency only at intervals in elections. Yet, if we want to understand representative government as a proper form of democracy and not just a periodical selection of elites, continuous popular agency must be a feature of representation. This article explores the Kantian attempt to justify that people can act “through” representatives. I call this the “exercise view” of representation (...)
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  43.  11
    How to Succeed with Ethics Reflection Groups in Community Healthcare? Professionals’ Perceptions.Heidi Karlsen, Lillian Lillemoen, Morten Magelssen, Reidun Førde, Reidar Pedersen & Elisabeth Gjerberg - 2019 - Nursing Ethics 26 (4):1243-1255.
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  44.  11
    Revolutionary Epigones: Kant and His Radical Followers.Reidar Maliks - 2012 - History of Political Thought 33 (4):647-671.
    When Kant in 1793 rejected a right of revolution, he was immediately criticized by a group of radical followers who argued that he had betrayed his own principles of justice. Jakob, Erhard, Fichte, Bergk and Schlegel proceeded to defend a right of resistance and revolution based on what they took to be his true principles. I argue that we must understand Kant's Metaphysics of Morals, which came in 1797, partly as a response to these radical democratic writings. Exploring this forgotten (...)
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  45.  6
    Next of Kin’s Experiences of Involvement During Involuntary Hospitalisation and Coercion.Reidun Førde, Reidun Norvoll, Marit Helene Hem & Reidar Pedersen - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):76.
    BackgroundNorway has extensive and detailed legal requirements and guidelines concerning involvement of next of kin during involuntary hospital treatment of seriously mentally ill patients. However, we have little knowledge about what happens in practice. This study explores NOK’s views and experiences of involvement during involuntary hospitalisation in Norway.MethodsWe performed qualitative interviews-focus groups and individual-with 36 adult NOK to adults and adolescents who had been involuntarily admitted once or several times. The semi-structured interview guide included questions on experiences with and views (...)
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  46.  10
    Patients’ Moral Views on Coercion in Mental Healthcare.Reidun Norvoll & Reidar Pedersen - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973301667476.
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  47.  9
    The Silent World of Young Next of Kin in Mental Healthcare.Elin Håkonsen Martinsen, Bente M. Weimand, Reidar Pedersen & Reidun Norvoll - 2019 - Nursing Ethics 26 (1):212-223.
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  48.  4
    Ethical Issues in Human Germline Gene Editing: A Perspective From China.Reidar K. Lie & Di Zhang - 2018 - Monash Bioethics Review 36 (1-4):23-35.
    The ethical issues associated with germline gene modification and embryo research are some of the most contentious in current international science policy debates. In this paper, we argue that new genetic techniques, such as CRISPR, demonstrate that there is an urgent need for China to develop its own regulatory and ethical framework governing new developments in genetic and embryo research. While China has in place a regulatory framework, it needs to be strengthened to include better compliance oversight and explicit criteria (...)
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  49.  28
    Attitudes Towards Transfers of Human Tissue Samples Across Borders: An International Survey of Researchers and Policy Makers in Five Countries.Xinqing Zhang, Kenji Matsui, Benjamin Krohmal, Alaa Zeid, Vasantha Muthuswamy, Young Koo, Yoshikuni Kita & Reidar K. Lie - 2010 - BMC Medical Ethics 11 (1):16-.
    Background: Sharing of tissue samples for research and disease surveillance purposes has become increasingly important. While it is clear that this is an area of intense, international controversy, there is an absence of data about what researchers themselves and those involved in the transfer of samples think about these issues, particularly in developing countries. Methods: A survey was carried out in a number of Asian countries and in Egypt to explore what researchers and others involved in research, storage and transfer (...)
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  50.  16
    Comparative Effectiveness Research: What to Do When Experts Disagree About Risks.Reidar K. Lie, Francis K. L. Chan, Christine Grady, Vincent H. Ng & David Wendler - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):42.
    Ethical issues related to comparative effectiveness research, or research that compares existing standards of care, have recently received considerable attention. In this paper we focus on how Ethics Review Committees should evaluate the risks of comparative effectiveness research. We discuss what has been a prominent focus in the debate about comparative effectiveness research, namely that it is justified when “nothing is known” about the comparative effectiveness of the available alternatives. We argue that this focus may be misleading. Rather, we should (...)
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