Search results for 'Self in literature' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Walter Bernhart & Werner Wolf (eds.) (2010). Self-Reference in Literature and Other Media. Rodopi.score: 519.0
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  2. Sarah Chaney (2011). “A Hideous Torture on Himself”: Madness and Self-Mutilation in Victorian Literature. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 32 (4):279-289.score: 459.0
    This paper suggests that late nineteenth-century definitions of self-mutilation, a new category of psychiatric symptomatology, were heavily influenced by the use of self-injury as a rhetorical device in the novel, for the literary text held a high status in Victorian psychology. In exploring Dimmesdale’s “self-mutilation” in The Scarlet Letter in conjunction with psychiatric case histories, the paper indicates a number of common techniques and themes in literary and psychiatric texts. As well as illuminating key elements of nineteenth-century (...)
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  3. Joshua Landy (2004). Philosophy as Fiction: Self, Deception, and Knowledge in Proust. Oxford University Press.score: 450.0
    Philosophy as Fiction seeks to account for the peculiar power of philosophical literature by taking as its case study the paradigmatic generic hybrid of the twentieth century, Marcel Proust's In Search of Lost Time. At once philosophical--in that it presents claims, and even deploys arguments concerning such traditionally philosophical issues as knowledge, self-deception, selfhood, love, friendship, and art--and literary, in that its situations are imaginary and its stylization inescapably prominent, Proust's novel presents us with a conundrum. How should (...)
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  4. Linda Marie Brooks (forthcoming). Alternative Identities: The Self in Literature. History, Theory.score: 450.0
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  5. Carolyn D. Williams (1997). Another Self in Case" : Gender, Marriage, and the Individual in Augustan Literature. In Roy Porter (ed.), Rewriting the Self: Histories From the Renaissance to the Present. Routledge.score: 444.0
     
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  6. Shadi Bartsch (2005). Ancient Depression P. Toohey: Melancholy, Love, and Time. Boundaries of the Self in Ancient Literature . Pp. X + 386, Ills. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 2004. Cased, US$70, £44. ISBN: 0-472-11302-X. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 55 (02):498-.score: 435.0
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  7. Moshe Idel (2010). The Camouflaged Sacred in Mircea Eliade's Self-Perception, Literature, and Scholarship. In Christian K. Wedemeyer & Wendy Doniger (eds.), Hermeneutics, Politics, and the History of Religions: The Contested Legacies of Joachim Wach and Mircea Eliade. Oxford University Press.score: 435.0
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  8. John R. Reed (1988). The Victorian Renaissance Self in The Renaissance in Victorian Literature. Clio 17 (2):187-208.score: 435.0
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  9. Irven Resnick (2006). Ineke Van't Spijker, Fictions of the Inner Life: Religious Literature and Formation of the Self in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries. (Disputatio, 4.) Turnhout: Brepols, 2004. Pp. Ix, 264. €60. [REVIEW] Speculum 81 (1):285-286.score: 435.0
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  10. Tim Whitmarsh (2005). Melancholy, Love, and Time: Boundaries of the Self in Ancient Literature. American Journal of Philology 126 (2):281-294.score: 435.0
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  11. H. C. Baldry (1968). Sophrosyne Helen North: Sophrosyne: Self-Knowledge and Self-Restraint in Greek Literature. (Cornell Studies in Classical Philology, Xxxv.) Pp. Xx+391. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press (London: Oxford University Press), 1966. Cloth, 80s. Net. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 18 (02):192-194.score: 405.0
  12. Aj Argyros (1989). From Passion to Self-Reflexivity. A Holistic Approach to Consciousness and Literature in The Elemental Passions of the Soul. Poetics of the Elements in the Human Conditions: Part 3. [REVIEW] Analecta Husserliana 28:617-626.score: 405.0
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  13. J. Kemp & Helen North (1968). Sophrosyne: Self-Knowledge and Self-Restraint in Greek Literature. Philosophical Quarterly 18 (73):359.score: 405.0
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  14. Dominic J. O'Meara (1997). Paul A. Olson, The Journey to Wisdom: Self-Education in Patristic and Medieval Literature. Lincoln, Nebr., and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1995. Pp. Xxi, 297. $40. [REVIEW] Speculum 72 (4):1205-1206.score: 405.0
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  15. Yasmin Syed (1997). Creating Roman Identity: Subjectivity and Self-Fashioning in Latin Literature The 1995 Berkeley Conference. Classical Antiquity 16 (1).score: 405.0
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  16. Christopher Gill (1996). Personality in Greek Epic, Tragedy, and Philosophy: The Self in Dialogue. Clarendon Press.score: 399.0
    This is a major study of conceptions of selfhood and personality in Homer and Greek Tragedy and Philosophy. The focus is on the norms of personality in Greek psychology and ethics. Gill argues that the key to understanding Greek thought of this type is to counteract the subjective and individualistic aspects of our own thinking about the person. He defines an "objective-participant" conception of personality, symbolized by the idea of the person as an interlocutor in a series of psychological and (...)
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  17. Christian Quendler (2001). From Romantic Irony to Postmodernist Metafiction: A Contribution to the History of Literary Self-Reflexivity in its Philosophical Context. P. Lang.score: 354.0
     
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  18. Genevieve Lloyd (1993). Being in Time: Selves and Narrators in Philosophy and Literature. Routledge.score: 339.0
    Being in Time is a provocative and accessible essay on the fragmentation of the self as explored in philosophy and literature. This original study is unique in its focus on the literary aspects of philosophical writing and their interactions with philosophical content. It explores the emotional aspects of the human experience of time commonly neglected in philosophical investigation by looking at how narrative creates and treats the experience of the self as fragmented and the past as "lost." (...)
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  19. Javier Saavedra Macías & Rafael Velez Núñez (2011). The Other Self: Psychopathology and Literature. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 32 (4):257-267.score: 339.0
    The figure of the “double” or the other self is an important topic in the history of literature. Many centuries before Jean Paul Richter coined the term, “doppelgänger,” at the beginning of the Romantic Movement in the year 1796, it is possible to find the figure of the double in myths and legends. The issue of the double emphaszses the contradictory character of the human being and invokes a sinister dimension of the psychological world, what has been called (...)
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  20. Andreea Tereza Nitisor (2010). Speaking the Despicable: Blasphemy in Literature. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 6 (16):69-79.score: 315.0
    This article examines the controversial issue of blasphemy in literature from the viewpoint of reception inside and outside the academia. The thesis of the article is that blasphemy in literature, though inherently related to religion and language, has a plurality of connotations and interpretations (dissidence, intertextuality, critique of colonialism, discursive strategy, alterity/Otherness, ethnicity, subversive text). Consequently, blasphemy in literature is an incentive for fruitful discussions regarding tolerance, freedom of expression, and the re-situation of the (post)modern self (...)
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  21. Marina Frasca-Spada (1998). Space and the Self in Hume's Treatise. Cambridge University Press.score: 309.0
    Hume's discussion of the idea of space in his Treatise on Human Nature is fundamental to an understanding of his treatment of such central issues as the existence of external objects, the unity of the self, the relation between certainty and belief, and abstract ideas. Marina Frasca-Spada's rich and original study examines this difficult part of Hume's philosophical writings and connects it to eighteenth-century works in natural philosophy, mathematics and literature. Focusing on Hume's discussions of the infinite divisibility (...)
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  22. Aaron L. Mishara (2010). Kafka, Paranoic Doubles and the Brain: Hypnagogic Vs. Hyper-Reflexive Models of Disrupted Self in Neuropsychiatric Disorders and Anomalous Conscious States. [REVIEW] Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 5 (1):13.score: 300.0
    Kafka's writings are frequently interpreted as representing the historical period of modernism in which he was writing. Little attention has been paid, however, to the possibility that his writings may reflect neural mechanisms in the processing of self during hypnagogic (i.e., between waking and sleep) states. Kafka suffered from dream-like, hypnagogic hallucinations during a sleep-deprived state while writing. This paper discusses reasons (phenomenological and neurobiological) why the self projects an imaginary double (autoscopy) in its spontaneous hallucinations and how (...)
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  23. Susan Whitfield-Gabrieli Judson A. Brewer, Kathleen A. Garrison (2013). What About the “Self” is Processed in the Posterior Cingulate Cortex? Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 288.0
    In the past decade, neuroimaging research has begun to identify key brain regions involved in self-referential processing, most consistently midline structures such as the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC). The majority of studies have employed cognitive tasks such as judgment about trait adjectives or mind-wandering, that have been associated with increased PCC activity. Conversely, tasks that share an element of present centered attention (being “on task”), ranging from working memory to meditation, have been associated with decreased PCC activity. Given the (...)
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  24. Ayna Baladi Nejad, Philippe Fossati & Cédric Lemogne (2013). Self-Referential Processing, Rumination, and Cortical Midline Structures in Major Depression. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 288.0
    Major depression is associated with a bias towards negative emotional processing and increased self-focus, i.e. the process by which one engages in self-referential processing. The increased self-focus in depression is suggested to be of a persistent, repetitive and self-critical nature and is conceptualised as ruminative brooding. The role of the medial prefrontal cortex in self-referential processing has been previously emphasised in acute major depression. There is increasing evidence that self-referential processing as well as the (...)
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  25. Susan Margaret Hart (2010). Self-Regulation, Corporate Social Responsibility, and the Business Case: Do They Work in Achieving Workplace Equality and Safety? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 92 (4):585 - 600.score: 279.0
    The political shift toward an economic liberalism in many developed market economies, emphasizing the importance of the marketplace rather than government intervention in the economy and society (Dorman, Systematic Occupational Health and Safety Management: Perspectives on an International Development, 2000; Tombs, Policy and Practice in Health and Safety 3(1): 24-25, 2005; Walters, Policy and Practice in Health and Safety 03(2):3-19, 2005), featured a prominent discourse centered on the need for business flexibility and competitiveness in a global economy (Dorman, 2000; Tombs, (...)
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  26. Raymond Martin (1998). Self-Concern: An Experiential Approach to What Matters in Survival. Cambridge University Press.score: 279.0
    This book is a major contribution to the philosophical literature on the nature of the self, personal identity, and survival. Its distinctive methodology is one that is phenomenologically descriptive rather than metaphysical and normative. On the basis of this approach Raymond Martin shows that the distinction between self and other is not nearly as fundamental a feature of our so-called egoistic values as has been traditionally thought. He explains how the belief in a self as a (...)
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  27. Anna-Marie Greaney, Dónal P. O'Mathúna & P. Anne Scott (2012). Patient Autonomy and Choice in Healthcare: Self-Testing Devices as a Case in Point. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (4):383-395.score: 279.0
    This paper aims to critique the phenomenon of advanced patient autonomy and choice in healthcare within the specific context of self-testing devices. A growing number of self-testing medical devices are currently available for home use. The premise underpinning many of these devices is that they assist individuals to be more autonomous in the assessment and management of their health. Increased patient autonomy is assumed to be a good thing. We take issue with this assumption and argue that (...)-testing provides a specific example how increased patient autonomy and choice within healthcare might not best serve the patient population. We propose that current interpretations of autonomy in healthcare are based on negative accounts of liberty to the detriment of a more relational understanding. We also propose that Kantian philosophy is often applied to the healthcare arena in an inappropriate manner. We draw on the philosophical literature and examples from the self-testing process to support these claims. We conclude by offering an alternative account of autonomy based on the interrelated concepts of relationality, care and responsibility. (shrink)
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  28. Cristina Bicchieri & Hugo Mercier (2013). Self-Serving Biases and Public Justifications in Trust Games. Synthese 190 (5):909-922.score: 279.0
    Often, when several norms are present and may be in conflict, individuals will display a self-serving bias, privileging the norm that best serves their interests. Xiao and Bicchieri (J Econ Psychol 31(3):456–470, 2010) tested the effects of inequality on reciprocating behavior in trust games and showed that—when inequality increases—reciprocity loses its appeal. They hypothesized that self-serving biases in choosing to privilege a particular social norm occur when the choice of that norm is publicly justifiable as reasonable, even if (...)
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  29. Matthias Fink, Rainer Harms & Isabella Hatak (2012). Nanotechnology and Ethics: The Role of Regulation Versus Self-Commitment in Shaping Researchers' Behavior. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 109 (4):569-581.score: 279.0
    The governance of nanotechnology seeks to limit its risks, without constraining opportunities. The literature on the effectiveness of approaches to governance has neglected approaches that impact directly on the behavior of a researcher. We analyze the effectiveness of legal regulations versus regulation via self-commitment. Then, we refine this model by analyzing competition and autonomy as key contingency factors. In the first step, qualitative interviews with nanotechnology researchers are conducted to reflect this model. In the second step, its empirical (...)
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  30. Rebecca Elliott Erdem Pulcu, Roland Zahn (2013). The Role of Self-Blaming Moral Emotions in Major Depression and Their Impact on Social-Economical Decision Making. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 270.0
    People with major depressive disorder (MDD) are more prone to experiencing moral emotions related to self-blame, such as guilt and shame. DSM-IV-TR recognises excessive or inappropriate guilt as one of the core symptoms of current MDD, whereas excessive shame is not part of the criteria for MDD. However, previous studies specifically assessing shame suggested its involvement in MDD. In the first part of this review, we will consider literature discussing the role of self-blaming moral emotions in MDD. (...)
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  31. Sabine Maasen (2007). Selves in Turmoil - Neurocognitive and Societal Challenges of the Self. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (1-2):252-270.score: 267.0
    As the cognitive neurosciences set out to challenge our understanding of consciousness, the existing conceptual panoply of meanings attached to the term remains largely unaccounted for. By way of bibliometric analysis, the following study first reveals the breadth and shift of meanings over the last decades, the main tendency being a more 'brainy' concept of consciousness. On this basis, the emergence of consciousness studies is regarded as a 'trading zone' (Galison) in which experimental, philosophical and experiential accounts are dialectically engaged. (...)
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  32. Peter Dayan (2010). Medial Self-Reference Between Words and Music in Erik Satie's Piano Pieces. In Walter Bernhart & Werner Wolf (eds.), Self-Reference in Literature and Other Media. Rodopi.score: 267.0
     
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  33. Michael Halliwell (2010). The Play's the Thing' : Self- and Metareference in Contemporary Operatic Adaptation of Twentieth-Century Drama. In Walter Bernhart & Werner Wolf (eds.), Self-Reference in Literature and Other Media. Rodopi.score: 267.0
     
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  34. Simon Williams (2010). Robert Carsen's Production of Les Contes d'Hoffmann : An Exercise in Theatrical Self-Reflection. In Walter Bernhart & Werner Wolf (eds.), Self-Reference in Literature and Other Media. Rodopi.score: 267.0
     
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  35. Christopher Gill (2006/2009). The Structured Self in Hellenistic and Roman Thought. Oxford University Press.score: 264.0
    Christopher Gill offers a new analysis of what is innovative in Hellenistic--especially Stoic and Epicurean--philosophical thinking about selfhood and personality. His wide-ranging discussion of Stoic and Epicurean ideas is illustrated by a more detailed examination of the Stoic theory of the passions and a new account of the history of this theory. His study also tackles issues about the historical study of selfhood and the relationship between philosophy and literature, especially the presentation of the collapse of character in Plutrarch's (...)
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  36. Alessandro Monti, Marina Goglio & Esterino Adami (eds.) (2005). Feeding the Self, Feeling the Way in Ancient and Contemporary South Asian Cultures. L'harmattan Italia.score: 264.0
     
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  37. Chandra Sekhar Sripada (2010). The Deep Self Model and Asymmetries in Folk Judgments About Intentional Action. Philosophical Studies 151 (2):159-176.score: 261.0
    Recent studies by experimental philosophers demonstrate puzzling asymmetries in people’s judgments about intentional action, leading many philosophers to propose that normative factors are inappropriately influencing intentionality judgments. In this paper, I present and defend the Deep Self Model of judgments about intentional action that provides a quite different explanation for these judgment asymmetries. The Deep Self Model is based on the idea that people make an intuitive distinction between two parts of an agent’s psychology, an Acting Self (...)
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  38. K. Sharkey & L. Gillam (2010). Should Patients with Self-Inflicted Illness Receive Lower Priority in Access to Healthcare Resources? Mapping Out the Debate. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (11):661-665.score: 261.0
    The distribution of scarce healthcare resources is an increasingly important issue due to factors such as expensive ‘high tech’ medicine, longer life expectancies and the rising prevalence of chronic illness. Furthermore, in the current healthcare context lifestyle-related factors such as high blood pressure, tobacco use and obesity are believed to contribute significantly to the global burden of disease. As such, this paper focuses on an ongoing debate in the academic literature regarding the role of responsibility for illness in healthcare (...)
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  39. Craig D. Fisher (2004). Ethical Issues in Therapy: Therapist Self-Disclosure of Sexual Feelings. Ethics and Behavior 14 (2):105 – 121.score: 261.0
    Although therapist sexual attraction to clients is common, and therapist self-disclosure is an often-used intervention, therapist self-disclosure of sexual feelings to clients is an understudied phenomenon. In this article, I critically review the small base of literature on therapist self-disclosure of sexual feelings, including information on prevalence rates, empirical research, and case studies. By incorporating these findings with information from relevant sections of the American Psychological Association (2002) Ethics Code, my intent is to evaluate different aspects (...)
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  40. Robert Clowes (2007). A Self-Regulation Model of Inner Speech and its Role in the Organisation of Human Conscious Experience. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (7):59-71.score: 261.0
    This paper argues for the importance of inner speech in a proper understanding of the structure of human conscious experience. It reviews one recent attempt to build a model of inner speech based on a grammaticization model (Steels, 2003) and compares it with a self-regulation model here proposed. This latter model is located within the broader literature on the role of language in cognition and the inner voice in consciousness. I argue that this role is not limited to (...)
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  41. Ann Jefferson (2005). Biography and the Question of Literature in Sartre. Sartre Studies International 11 (s 1-2):179-194.score: 261.0
    Literature, for Sartre, it could be said, is not so much an object of theory as the focus of a question. The notion of 'committed literature' is less prescriptive than it is interrogative: the title of the text most commonly associated with 'littérature engagée' is, after all, a question about literature itself, and the nature of 'commitment' lends itself much more to a practice of contestation than to implementation of any particular programme. In what follows, I shall (...)
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  42. Roy Porter (ed.) (1997). Rewriting the Self: Histories From the Renaissance to the Present. Routledge.score: 261.0
    Rewriting the Self is an exploration of ideas of the self in the western cultural tradition from the Renaissance to the present. The contributors analyze different religious, philosophical, psychological, political, psychoanalytical and literary models of personal identity from a number of viewpoints, including the history of ideas, contemporary gender politics, and post-modernist literary theory. Challenging the received version of the "ascent of western man," they assess the discursive construction of the self in the light of political, technological (...)
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  43. Shawn Graves (2013). The Self-Undermining Objection in the Epistemology of Disagreement. Faith and Philosophy 30 (1):93-106.score: 261.0
    Disagreements about, within, and between religions are widespread. It’s no surprise, then, that there’s an enormous philosophical literature on religious diversity. But in recent years, philosophers working in mainstream epistemology have done a lot of work on disagreement in general. This work has focused in particular upon the epistemology of peer disagreement, i.e., disagreements between parties who are justifiably believed to be epistemic equals regarding the matter at hand. In this paper, I intend to defend a thesis in the (...)
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  44. D. Roe (2005). Self and Narrative in Schizophrenia: Time to Author a New Story. Medical Humanities 31 (2):89-94.score: 261.0
    Next SectionThe prevailing, clinical view of schizophrenia, as reflected in the psychiatric literature, suggests both that people with schizophrenia have lost their sense of self and that they have a diminished capacity to create coherent narratives about their own lives. Drawing on our empirical research in the growing area of recovery, we describe not only the disruptions and discontinuities introduced by the illness and its social and personal consequences, but also the person’s efforts to overcome these, to reconstruct (...)
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  45. C. Millard (2013). Making the Cut: The Production of 'Self-Harm' in Post-1945 Anglo-Saxon Psychiatry. History of the Human Sciences 26 (2):126-150.score: 261.0
    ‘Deliberate self-harm’, ‘self-mutilation’ and ‘self-injury’ are just some of the terms used to describe one of the most prominent issues in British mental health policy in recent years. This article demonstrates that contemporary literature on ‘self-harm’ produces this phenomenon (to varying extents) around two key characteristics. First, this behaviour is predominantly performed by those identified as female. Second, this behaviour primarily involves cutting the skin. These constitutive characteristics are traced back to a corpus of (...) produced in the 1960s and 1970s in North American psychiatric inpatient institutions; analysis shows how pre-1960 works were substantially different. Finally, these gendered and behavioural assertions are shown to be the result of historically specific processes of exclusion and emphasis. (shrink)
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  46. Ann Hartle (1996). Self-Knowledge in the Age of Theory. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.score: 261.0
    Self-Knowledge in the Age of Theory will be of great interest not only to philosophers but to scholars of literature and other humanities.
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  47. E. A. Kinsella (2005). Constructions of Self: Ethical Overtones in Surprising Locations. Medical Humanities 31 (2):67-71.score: 261.0
    Next SectionLittle discussion has occurred in the health profession literature with respect to how the “self” is constructed, despite the imagination and attention it has garnered from philosophers and theorists in various other disciplines. Yet this subject has surprisingly ethical overtones for health professional education and practice. In this paper notions of the self are briefly considered and it is suggested that a narrative and dialogic view of self can contribute to insights about ethical practice in (...)
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  48. Gerald Izenberg (2008). Identity Becomes an Issue: European Literature in the 1920s. Modern Intellectual History 5 (2):279-307.score: 261.0
    The meaning of in its contemporary sense of or what is of relatively recent vintage. It became current as a concept of individual and group psychology only through Erik Erikson's work in the 1950s and its extension to collectivities in the social and political upheavals of the 1960s. But an important strand of European literature began calling the possibility of fixed self-definition into question in the 1920s, occasionally even deploying the word explicitly. In the work of Hermann Hesse, (...)
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  49. Sally Bishop Shigley (2013). Poetry for the Uninitiated: Dannie Abse's “X-Ray” in an Undergraduate Medicine and Literature Class. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 34 (4):429-432.score: 261.0
    I recently taught an upper-division Honors class in Medicine and Literature with students ranging from a pre-physician’s assistant student and nursing student to English, French, History, and Technical Writing majors. The common thread connecting these students initially was their self-described fear of and helplessness with poetry. However, as the semester drew to a close, their class discussion and journals revealed not only increased comfort with poetry but also a preference for it. The information and insight they got from (...)
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  50. Tillmann Vierkant (2012). Self Knowledge and Knowing Other Minds: The Implicit / Explicit Distinction as a Tool in Understanding Theory of Mind. British Journal of Developmental Psychology 30 (1):141-155.score: 261.0
    Holding content explicitly requires a form of self knowledge. But what does the relevant self knowledge look like? Using theory of mind as an example, this paper argues that the correct answer to this question will have to take into account the crucial role of language based deliberation, but warns against the standard assumption that explicitness is necessary for ascribing awareness. It argues in line with Bayne that intentional action is at least an equally valid criterion for awareness. (...)
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