Search results for 'Syntax' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. S. Awodey & A. W. Carus (2007). Carnap's Dream: Gödel, Wittgenstein, and Logical, Syntax. Synthese 159 (1):23-45.score: 18.0
    In Carnap’s autobiography, he tells the story how one night in January 1931, “the whole theory of language structure” in all its ramifications “came to [him] like a vision”. The shorthand manuscript he produced immediately thereafter, he says, “was the first version” of Logical Syntax of Language. This document, which has never been examined since Carnap’s death, turns out not to resemble Logical Syntax at all, at least on the surface. Wherein, then, did the momentous insight of 21 (...)
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  2. Ronald P. Endicott (1996). Searle, Syntax, and Observer-Relativity. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 26 (1):101-22.score: 18.0
    I critically examine some provocative arguments that John Searle presents in his book The Rediscovery of Mind to support the claim that the syntactic states of a classical computational system are "observer relative" or "mind dependent" or otherwise less than fully and objectively real. I begin by explaining how this claim differs from Searle's earlier and more well-known claim that the physical states of a machine, including the syntactic states, are insufficient to determine its semantics. In contrast, his more recent (...)
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  3. Roger Wertheimer (1999). Identity Syntax. In T. Rockmore (ed.), Proceedings of the 20th World Congress of Philosophy, Vol II Metaphysics. Philosophy Document Center. 171-186.score: 18.0
    Like '&', '=' is no term; it represents no extrasentential property. It marks an atomic, nonpredicative, declarative structure, sentences true solely by codesignation. Identity (its necessity and total reflexivity, its substitution rule, its metaphysical vacuity) is the objectual face of codesignation. The syntax demands pure reference, without predicative import for the asserted fact. 'Twain is Clemens' is about Twain, but nothing is predicated of him. Its informational value is in its 'metailed' semantic content: the fact of codesignation (that 'Twain' (...)
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  4. Hilla Jacobson-Horowitz (2004). Syntax, Semantics, and Intentional Aspects. Philosophical Papers 33 (1):67-95.score: 18.0
    Abstract It is widely assumed that the meaning of at least some types of expressions involves more than their reference to objects, and hence that there may be co-referential expressions which differ in meaning. It is also widely assumed that ?syntax does not suffice for semantics?, i.e. that we cannot account for the fact that expressions have semantic properties in purely syntactical or computational terms. The main goal of the paper is to argue against a third related assumption, namely (...)
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  5. Željko Bošković & Howard Lasnik (eds.) (2007). Minimalist Syntax: The Essential Readings. Blackwell Pub..score: 18.0
    This book is a collection of key readings on Minimalist Syntax, the most recent, and arguably most important, theoretical development within the Principles and Parameters approach to syntactic theory. Brings together in one volume the key readings on Minimalist Syntax Includes an introduction and overview of the Minimalist Program written by two prominent researchers Excerpts crucial pieces from the beginning of Minimalism to the most recent work and provides invaluable coverage of the most important topics.
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  6. Terence E. Horgan & John L. Tienson (2006). Cognition Needs Syntax but Not Rules. In Robert J. Stainton (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Cognitive Science. Malden MA: Blackwell Publishing. 147--158.score: 18.0
    Human cognition is rich, varied, and complex. In this Chapter we argue that because of the richness of human cognition (and human mental life generally), there must be a syntax of cognitive states, but because of this very richness, cognitive processes cannot be describable by exceptionless rules. The argument for syntax, in Section 1, has to do with being able to get around in any number of possible environments in a complex world. Since nature did not know where (...)
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  7. Denis Bouchard (1995). The Semantics of Syntax: A Minimalist Approach to Grammar. University of Chicago Press.score: 18.0
    During the last thirty years, most linguists and philosophers have assumed that meaning can be represented symbolically and that the mental processing of language involves the manipulation of symbols. Scholars have assembled strong evidence that there must be linguistic representations at several abstract levels--phonological, syntactic, and semantic--and that those representations are related by a describable system of rules. Because meaning is so complex, linguists often posit an equally complex relationship between semantic and other levels of grammar. The Semantics of (...) is an elegant and powerful analysis of the relationship between syntax and semantics. Noting that meaning is underdetermined by form even in simple cases, Denis Bouchard argues that it is impossible to build knowledge of the world into grammar and still have a describable grammar. He thus proposes simple semantic representations and simple rules to relate linguistic levels. Focusing on a class of French verbs, Bouchard shows how multiple senses can be accounted for by the assumption of a single abstract core meaning along with background information about how objects behave in the world. He demonstrates that this move simplifies the syntax at no cost to the descriptive power of the semantics. In two important final chapters, he examines the consequences of his approach for standard syntactic theories. (shrink)
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  8. Yosef Grodzinsky (2000). The Neurology of Syntax: Language Use Without Broca's Area. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):1-21.score: 18.0
    A new view of the functional role of the left anterior cortex in language use is proposed. The experimental record indicates that most human linguistic abilities are not localized in this region. In particular, most of syntax (long thought to be there) is not located in Broca's area and its vicinity (operculum, insula, and subjacent white matter). This cerebral region, implicated in Broca's aphasia, does have a role in syntactic processing, but a highly specific one: It is the neural (...)
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  9. Mark D. Roberts, Ultrametric Distance in Syntax.score: 18.0
    Phrase structure trees have a hierarchical structure. In many subjects, most notably in {\bf taxonomy} such tree structures have been studied using ultrametrics. Here syntactical hierarchical phrase trees are subject to a similar analysis, which is much simpler as the branching structure is more readily discernible and switched. The occurrence of hierarchical structure elsewhere in linguistics is mentioned. The phrase tree can be represented by a matrix and the elements of the matrix can be represented by triangles. The height at (...)
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  10. Charles Sayward (1974). The Received Distinction Between Pragmatics, Syntax and Semantics. Foundations of Language 11:97-104.score: 18.0
    The distinction between pragmatics, semantics, and syntax, at least as traditionally construed, is argued to be defective in various respects.
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  11. P. Thomas Schoenemann (1999). Syntax as an Emergent Characteristic of the Evolution of Semantic Complexity. Minds and Machines 9 (3):309-346.score: 18.0
    It is commonly argued that the rules of language, as distinct from its semantic features, are the characteristics which most clearly distinguish language from the communication systems of other species. A number of linguists (e.g., Chomsky 1972, 1980; Pinker 1994) have suggested that the universal features of grammar (UG) are unique human adaptations showing no evolutionary continuities with any other species. However, recent summaries of the substantive features of UG are quite remarkable in the very general nature of the features (...)
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  12. Cedric Boeckx (2008). Understanding Minimalist Syntax: Lessons From Locality in Long-Distance Dependencies. Blackwell Pub..score: 18.0
    Understanding Minimalist Syntax introduces the logic of the Minimalist Program by analyzing well-known descriptive generalizations about long-distance dependencies. Proposes a new theory of how long-distance dependencies are formed, with implications for theories of locality, and the Minimalist Program as a whole Rich in empirical coverage, which will be welcomed by experts in the field, yet accessible enough for students looking for an introduction to the Minimalist Program.
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  13. Andrew Carnie & Eithne Guilfoyle (eds.) (2000). The Syntax of the Verb Initial Languages. Oxford University Press.score: 18.0
    This volume contains twelve chapters on the derivation of and the correlates to verb initial word order. The studies in this volume cover such widely divergent languages as Irish, Welsh, Scots Gaelic, Old Irish, Biblical Hebrew, Jakaltek, Mam, Lummi (Straits Salish), Niuean, Malagasy, Palauan, K'echi', and Zapotec, from a wide variety of theoretical perspectives, including Minimalism, information structure, and sentence processing. The first book to take a crosslinguistic comparative approach to verb initial syntax, this volume provides new data to (...)
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  14. Murdoch J. Gabbay (2011). Foundations of Nominal Techniques: Logic and Semantics of Variables in Abstract Syntax. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 17 (2):161-229.score: 18.0
    We are used to the idea that computers operate on numbers, yet another kind of data is equally important: the syntax of formal languages, with variables, binding, and alpha-equivalence. The original application of nominal techniques, and the one with greatest prominence in this paper, is to reasoning on formal syntax with variables and binding. Variables can be modelled in many ways: for instance as numbers (since we usually take countably many of them); as links (since they may `point' (...)
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  15. Logan Fletcher (2014). Why It Isn't Syntax That Unifies the Proposition. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (5-6):590-611.score: 18.0
    (2013). Why it isn't syntax that unifies the proposition. Canadian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 43, Essays on the Nature of Propositions, pp. 590-611.
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  16. James W. Garson (1997). Syntax in a Dynamic Brain. Synthese 110 (3):343-55.score: 18.0
    Proponents of the language of thought (LOT) thesis are realists when it comes to syntactically structured representations, and must defend their view against instrumentalists, who would claim that syntactic structures may be useful in describing cognition, but have no more causal powers in governing cognition than do the equations of physics in guiding the planets. This paper explores what it will take to provide an argument for LOT that can defend its conclusion from instrumentalism. I illustrate a difficulty in this (...)
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  17. Amanda Seidl (2001). Minimal Indirect Reference: A Theory of the Syntax-Phonology Interface. Routledge.score: 18.0
    This book investigates the nature of the relationship between phonology and syntax and proposes a theory of Minimal Indirect Reference that solves many classic problems relating to the topic. Seidl shows that all variation across languages in phonological domain size is due to syntactic differences and a single domain parameter specific to phonology.
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  18. P. Thomas Schoenemann (1999). Syntax as an Emergent Characteristic of the Evolution of Semantic Complexity. Minds and Machines 9 (3):309-346.score: 18.0
    It is commonly argued that the rules of language, as distinct from its semantic features, are the characteristics which most clearly distinguish language from the communication systems of other species. A number of linguists (e.g., Chomsky 1972, 1980; Pinker 1994) have suggested that the universal features of grammar (UG) are unique human adaptations showing no evolutionary continuities with any other species. However, recent summaries of the substantive features of UG are quite remarkable in the very general nature of the features (...)
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  19. Hans-Jörg Tiede (2008). Inessential Features, Ineliminable Features, and Modal Logics for Model Theoretic Syntax. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 17 (2):217-227.score: 18.0
    While monadic second-order logic (MSO) has played a prominent role in model theoretic syntax, modal logics have been used in this context since its inception. When comparing propositional dynamic logic (PDL) to MSO over trees, Kracht (1997) noted that there are tree languages that can be defined in MSO that can only be defined in PDL by adding new features whose distribution is predictable. He named such features “inessential features”. We show that Kracht’s observation can be extended to other (...)
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  20. Tom Sgouros (2005). What is Context For? Syntax in a Non-Abstract World. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 14 (2):235-251.score: 18.0
    An explanation for the uncertain progress of formalist linguistics is sought in an examination of the concept of syntax. The idea of analyzing language formally was made possible by developments in 20th century logic. It has been pointed out by many that the analogy between natural language and a formal system may be imperfect, but the objection made here is that the very concept of syntax, when applied to any non-abstract system of communication, is flawed as it is (...)
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  21. Miriam Kos, Theo G. Vosse, Danielle Van Den Brink & Peter Hagoort (2010). About Edible Restaurants: Conflicts Between Syntax and Semantics as Revealed by ERPs. Frontiers in Psychology 1.score: 18.0
    In order to investigate conflicts between semantics and syntax, we recorded ERPs, while participants read Dutch sentences. Sentences containing conflicts between syntax and semantics (Fred eats in a sandwich…/ Fred eats a restaurant…) elicited an N400. These results show that conflicts between syntax and semantics not necessarily lead to P600 effects and are in line with the processing competition account. According to this parallel account the syntactic and semantic processing streams are fully interactive and information from one (...)
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  22. Alastair Butler (2004). The Syntax and Semantics of Split Constructions: A Comparative Study. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 18.0
    Split constructions are widespread in natural languages. The separation of the semantic restriction of a quantifier from that quantifier is a typical example of such a construction. This study addresses the problem that such discontinuous strings exhibit--namely, a number of locality constraints, including intervention effects. These are shown to follow from the interaction of a minimalist syntax with a semantics that directly assigns a model-theoretic interpretation to syntactic logical forms. The approach is shown to have wide empirical coverage and (...)
     
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  23. Robert Freidin & Howard Lasnik (eds.) (2006). Syntax: Critical Concepts in Linguistics. Routledge.score: 18.0
    This collection covers the fundamental concepts and analytic tools of generative transformational syntax of the last half century, from Chomsky's Morphophonemics of Modern Hebrew (1951) to the present day. It makes available, in one place, key published material on important areas such as phrase structure, transformations, and conditions on rules and representations. Presenting articles by leading contributors to the field such as Baltin, Bokovic, Bresnan, Chomsky, Cinque, Emonds, Freidin, Hale, Higginbotham, Huang, Kayne, Lasnik, McCawley, Pollock, Postal, Reinhart, Rizzi, Ross, (...)
     
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  24. Bertram Opitz Garvin Brod (2012). Does It Really Matter? Separating the Effects of Musical Training on Syntax Acquisition. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 18.0
    The possible transfer of musical expertise to the acquisition of syntactical structures in first and second language has emerged recently as an intriguing topic in the research of cognitive processes. However, it is unlikely that the benefits of musical training extend equally to the acquisition of all syntactical structures. As cognitive transfer presumably requires overlapping processing components and brain regions involved in these processing components, one can surmise that transfer between musical ability and syntax acquisition would be limited to (...)
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  25. J. E. Miller (1985). Semantics and Syntax: Parallels and Connections. Cambridge University Press.score: 18.0
    This book is concerned with the relationship between semantics and surface structure and in particular with the way in which each is mapped into the other. Jim Miller argues that semantic and syntactic structure require different representations and that semantic structure is far more complex than many analysts realise. He argues further that semantic structure should be based on notions of location and movement. The need for a semantic component of greater complexity is demonstrated by an examination of prepositions, particles, (...)
     
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  26. Tim Crane (1990). The Language of Thought: No Syntax Without Semantics. Mind and Language 5 (3):187-213.score: 15.0
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  27. Ian Proops (2001). Logical Syntax in the Tractatus. In Richard Gaskin (ed.), Grammar in Early Twentieth-Century Philosophy. Routledge. 163.score: 15.0
    An essay on Wittgenstein's conception of nonsense and its relation to his idea that "logic must take care of itself". I explain how Wittgenstein's theory of symbolism is supposed to resolve Russell's paradox, and I offer an alternative to Cora Diamond's influential account of Wittgenstein's diagnosis of the error in the so-called "natural view" of nonsense.
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  28. Rudolf Carnap (1937). The Logical Syntax of Language. London, K. Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., Ltd..score: 15.0
    Available for the first time in 20 years, here is the Rudolf Carnap's famous principle of tolerance by which everyone is free to mix and match the rules of ...
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  29. Jose Luis Bermudez (1995). Syntax, Semantics, and Levels of Explanation. Philosophical Quarterly 45 (180):361-367.score: 15.0
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  30. Andrew Pessin (1995). Mentalese Syntax: Between a Rock and Two Hard Places. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 78 (1):33-53.score: 15.0
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  31. Susumu Kuno (1987). Functional Syntax: Anaphora, Discourse, and Empathy. University of Chicago Press.score: 15.0
    I CATEGORIES AND PRINCIPLES ii Introductory Remarks The value of linguistics as a cognitive science lies largely in its potential for providing insights ...
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  32. Jane Duran (1997). Syntax, Imagery and Naturalization. Philosophia 25 (1-4):373-387.score: 15.0
  33. Samuel Alexander (2013). The First-Order Syntax of Variadic Functions. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 54 (1):47-59.score: 15.0
    We extend first-order logic to include variadic function symbols, and prove a substitution lemma. Two applications are given: one to bounded quantifier elimination and one to the definability of certain Borel sets.
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  34. Michael T. Putnam (ed.) (2009). Towards a Derivational Syntax: Survive-Minimalism. John Benjamins Pub. Company.score: 15.0
    This volume explores recent advancements in the Minimalist Program that adopt Stroikżs (1999, 2009) Survive Principle as the principle means of accounting for ...
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  35. Daniel Andler (1995). Can We Knock Off the Shackles of Syntax? Philosophical Issues 6:265-270.score: 15.0
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  36. William E. Seager (1992). Thought and Syntax. Philosophy of Science Association 1992:481-491.score: 15.0
    It has been argued that Psychological Externalism is irrelevant to psychology. The grounds for this are that PE fails to individuate intentional states in accord with causal power, and that psychology is primarily interested in the causal roles of psychological states. It is also claimed that one can individuate psychological states via their syntactic structure in some internal "language of thought". This syntactic structure is an internal feature of psychological states and thus provides a key to their causal powers. I (...)
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  37. Thomas S. Stroik (2009). Locality in Minimalist Syntax. Mit Press.score: 15.0
    This minimalist study proposes that the computational system of human language must consist of strictly local operations.
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  38. Robin Lee Clark (1990). Thematic Theory in Syntax and Interpretation. Routledge.score: 15.0
    Chapter one Introduction The lexicon has come to play an increasingly important role in generative grammar. The first widely read monograph on generative ...
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  39. Lisa A. Reed (1996). Toward Logical Form: An Exploration of the Role of Syntax in Semantics. Garland Pub..score: 15.0
    Introduction 1.1 GOALS This book is devoted to an in-depth investigation of some of the properties of Logical Form (LF). In particular, the primary aim of ...
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  40. G. David Morley (2000). Syntax in Functional Grammar: An Introduction to Lexicogrammar in Systemic Linguistics. Continuum.score: 15.0
    This well-illustrated book outlines a framework for the analysis of syntactic structure from a perspective of a systematic functional grammar.
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  41. Tadeusz Wieslaw Zawidzki (2006). Sexual Selection for Syntax and Kin Selection for Semantics: Problems and Prospects. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 21 (4):453-470.score: 15.0
    The evolution of human language, and the kind of thought the communication of which requires it, raises considerable explanatory challenges. These systems of representation constitute a radical discontinuity in the natural world. Even species closely related to our own appear incapable of either thought or talk with the recursive structure, generalized systematicity, and task-domain neutrality that characterize human talk and the thought it expresses. W. Tecumseh Fitch’s proposal (2004, in press) that human language is descended from a sexually selected, prosodic (...)
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  42. Cedric Boeckx (2008). Bare Syntax. Oxford University Press.score: 15.0
    Cedric Boeckx focuses on two core components of grammar: phrase structure and locality.
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  43. Pierre Wagner (ed.) (2009). Carnap's Logical Syntax of Language. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 15.0
    This volumes aim is to provide an introduction to Carnaps book from a historical and philosophical perspective, each chapter focusing on one specific issue. The book will be of interest not only to Carnap scholars but to all those interested in the history of analytical philosophy.
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  44. Petr Sgall (ed.) (1984). Contributions to Functional Syntax, Semantics, and Language Comprehension. J. Benjamins Pub. Co..score: 15.0
    On the Notion "Type of Language" Petr Sgall It is well known that the high frequency of terminological vagueness and confusion has been a serious obstacle ...
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  45. B. A. Davey, M. Haviar & H. A. Priestley (1995). The Syntax and Semantics of Entailment in Duality Theory. Journal of Symbolic Logic 60 (4):1087-1114.score: 15.0
    Both syntactic and semantic solutions are given for the entailment problem of duality theory. The test algebra theorem provides both a syntactic solution to the entailment problem in terms of primitive positive formulae and a new derivation of the corresponding result in clone theory, viz. the syntactic description of $\operatorname{Inv(Pol}(R))$ for a given set R of finitary relations on a finite set. The semantic solution to the entailment problem follows from the syntactic one, or can be given in the form (...)
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  46. David M. Perlmutter (1971). Deep and Surface Structure Constraints in Syntax. New York,Holt, Rinehart and Winston.score: 15.0
     
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  47. Pieter A. M. Seuren (1996). Semantic Syntax. Blackwell.score: 15.0
     
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  48. David Adger (2003). Core Syntax: A Minimalist Approach. Oxford University Press.score: 15.0
    This is an introduction to the structure of sentences in human languages. It assumes no prior knowledge of linguistic theory and little of elementary grammar. It will suit students coming to syntactic theory for the first time either as graduates or undergraduates. It will also be useful for those in fields such as computational science, artificial intelligence, or cognitive psychology who need a sound knowledge of current syntactic theory.
     
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  49. E. K. Brown (1991). Syntax: A Linguistic Introduction to Sentence Structure. Harper-Collins Academic.score: 15.0
     
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  50. E. K. Brown (1982). Syntax, Generative Grammar. Hutchinson.score: 15.0
     
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