Results for 'Barbara A. Ritter'

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  1.  97
    Can Business Ethics Be Trained? A Study of the Ethical Decision-Making Process in Business Students.Barbara A. Ritter - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (2):153-164.
    The purpose of this paper is to examine the various guidelines presented in the literature for instituting an ethics curriculum and to empirically study their effectiveness. Three questions are addressed concerning the trainability of ethics material and the proper integration and implementation of an ethics curriculum. An empirical study then tested the effect of ethics training on moral awareness and reasoning. The sample consisted of two business classes, one exposed to additional ethics curriculum (experimental), and one not exposed (control). For (...)
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  2.  15
    Wittgenstein's Whewell's Court Lectures: Cambridge, 1938 – 1941, From the Notes by Yorick Smythies.Volker A. Munz & Bernhard Ritter (eds.) - 2017 - Chichester, UK: Wiley Blackwell.
    Wittgenstein’s Whewell’s Court Lectures contains previously unpublished notes from lectures given by Ludwig Wittgenstein between 1938 and 1941. The volume offers new insight into the development of Wittgenstein’s thought and includes some of the finest examples of Wittgenstein’s lectures in regard to both content and reliability.
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  3.  10
    Have We Asked Too Much of Consent?Barbara A. Koenig - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (4):33-34.
  4.  6
    Integrated Retrieval Cues as a Mechanism for Priming in Retrieval From Memory.Barbara A. Dosher & Glenda Rosedale - 1989 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118 (2):191-211.
  5.  14
    Just a Spoonful of Sugar: Drug Safety for Pediatric Populations.Barbara A. Noah - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (2):280-291.
    Children deserve optimal medical care. Although prescription drugs play a prominent and essential role in pediatric health care delivery, health care providers often must make prescribing decisions for their young patients based on imperfect or absent safety and efficacy data for pediatric populations. Until relatively recently, the Food and Drug Administration made surprisingly little effort to improve the quality or quantity of clinical research data for this patient group. Despite recent agency efforts to improve the situation, only one-third of drugs (...)
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  6.  24
    Measuring the Relative Importances of Social Responsibility Components: A Decision Modeling Approach. [REVIEW]Barbara A. Spencer & John K. Butler - 1987 - Journal of Business Ethics 6 (7):573 - 577.
    In this study, a decision modeling approach is used to measure the relative importances of four social responsibility components. When given information concerning the economic, legal, ethical and philanthropic activities of 16 hypothetical organizations, 159 junior and senior management students judged the social responsibility of these firms. The study used two types of analysis: first, a within-subject regression, then a between-subject ANOVA. Results showed ethical behavior to be most important in judging social responsibility; legal behavior was second, discretionary behavior third, (...)
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  7.  30
    Just a Spoonful of Sugar: Drug Safety for Pediatric Populations.Barbara A. Noah - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (2):280-291.
    Children deserve optimal medical care. Although prescription drugs play a prominent and essential role in pediatric health care delivery, health care providers often must make prescribing decisions for their young patients based on imperfect or absent safety and efficacy data for pediatric populations. The safe and effective use of prescription drugs in children depends on a thorough understanding of the physiologic differences between children and adults. Currently, only one-third of drugs prescribed to children have been studied for safety and efficacy (...)
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  8.  17
    Equity Judgment: A Revision of Aristotelian Views.Barbara A. Mellers - 1982 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 111 (2):242-270.
  9.  50
    Body Connections: Hindu Discourses of the Body and the Study of Religion. [REVIEW]Barbara A. Holdrege - 1998 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 2 (3):341-386.
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  10.  2
    Intellectuals and the Public Good: Creativity and Civil Courage.Barbara A. Misztal - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Creativity and civil courage are major dimensions of an intellectual's authority and contribute towards the enrichment of democracy. This book develops a sociological account of civil courage and creative behaviour in order to enhance our understanding of the nature of intellectuals' involvement in society. Barbara A. Misztal employs both theoretical-analytic and empirical components to develop a typology of intellectuals who have shown civil courage and examines the biographies of twelve Nobel Peace Prize laureates, including Elie Wiesel, Andrei Sakharov and (...)
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  11.  9
    How to Improve Bayesian Reasoning: Comment on Gigerenzer and Hoffrage.Barbara A. Mellers & A. Peter McGraw - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (2):417-424.
  12.  7
    Crediting Causality.Barbara A. Spellman - 1997 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 126 (4):323-348.
  13.  1
    The Idea of Dignity: Its Modern Significance. [REVIEW]Barbara A. Misztal - 2013 - European Journal of Social Theory 16 (1):101-121.
    The aim of this article is to bring to social theorists’ attention the growing visibility of the notion of dignity within human rights legislation, bioethics and public discourse generally, as well as to evaluate this term’s potential to enhance our capacities to respond to old and new challenges. The article starts with a short presentation of the career of the concept and discussion of the various impasses and conceptual tensions connected with the notion of human dignity. It is followed by (...)
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  14.  10
    On the Status of Inhibitory Mechanisms in Cognition: Memory Retrieval as a Model Case.Michael C. Anderson & Barbara A. Spellman - 1995 - Psychological Review 102 (1):68-100.
  15.  3
    Similarity and Choice.Barbara A. Mellers & Karen Biagini - 1994 - Psychological Review 101 (3):505-518.
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  16.  15
    The Relation Between Counterfactual and Causal Reasoning.Barbara A. Spellman, Alexandra P. Kincannon & Stephen J. Stose - 2005 - In David R. Mandel, Denis J. Hilton & Patrizia Catellani (eds.), The Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking. Routledge. pp. 28--43.
  17. Elements of a Community of Learners in a Middle School Science Classroom.Barbara A. Crawford, Joseph S. Krajcik & Ronald W. Marx - 1999 - Science Education 83 (6):701-723.
     
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  18.  20
    What the Replication Reformation Wrought.Barbara A. Spellman & Daniel Kahneman - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  19.  24
    On the Relation Between Counterfactual and Causal Reasoning.Barbara A. Spellman & Dieynaba G. Ndiaye - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (5-6):466-467.
    We critique the distinction Byrne makes between strong causes and enabling conditions, and its implications, on both theoretical and empirical grounds. First, we believe that the difference is psychological, not logical. Second, we disagree that there is a strict Third, we disagree that it is easier for people to generate causes than counterfactuals.
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  20.  19
    The Roles of Empathy, Anger, and Gender in Predicting Attitudes Toward Punitive, Reparative, and Preventative Public Policies.Barbara A. Gault & John Sabini - 2000 - Cognition and Emotion 14 (4):495-520.
  21. Magic, Religion, Science, Technology, and Ethics in the Postmodern World.Barbara A. Strassberg - 2005 - Zygon 40 (2):307-322.
  22.  12
    Mr. Blakeslee Builds His Dream House: Agricultural Institutions, Genetics, and Careers 1900–1915. [REVIEW]Barbara A. Kimmelman - 2006 - Journal of the History of Biology 39 (2):241 - 280.
    Between 1907 and 1915 Albert Francis Blakeslee transformed both himself and the Connecticut Agricultural College at Storrs into things neither had been at the beginning of the century. Using the varied commitments of the agricultural college and experiment station at which he worked as resources with which to build his career, Blakeslee began as a botanist and instructor in botany and ended as a geneticist and teacher of genetics. Moreover, he left behind at Storrs a legacy of genetic research and (...)
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  23.  14
    Disenshrining the Cartesian Self.Barbara A. C. Saunders - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):77-78.
  24.  15
    Trust Context Effect on Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Supervisory Fairness, and Job Satisfaction Beyond the Influence of Leader-Member Exchange.Barbara A. Wech - 2002 - Business and Society 41 (3):353-360.
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  25.  11
    Exploring Risk in Professional Nursing Practice: An Analysis of Work Refusal and Professional Risk.Barbara A. Beardwood & Jan M. Kainer - 2015 - Nursing Inquiry 22 (1):50-63.
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  26.  8
    Serial Position and Set Size in Short-Term Memory: The Time Course of Recognition.Brian McElree & Barbara A. Dosher - 1989 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118 (4):346-373.
  27.  38
    Introduction: Sharing Data in a Medical Information Commons.Amy L. McGuire, Mary A. Majumder, Angela G. Villanueva, Jessica Bardill, Juli M. Bollinger, Eric Boerwinkle, Tania Bubela, Patricia A. Deverka, Barbara J. Evans, Nanibaa' A. Garrison, David Glazer, Melissa M. Goldstein, Henry T. Greely, Scott D. Kahn, Bartha M. Knoppers, Barbara A. Koenig, J. Mark Lambright, John E. Mattison, Christopher O'Donnell, Arti K. Rai, Laura L. Rodriguez, Tania Simoncelli, Sharon F. Terry, Adrian M. Thorogood, Michael S. Watson, John T. Wilbanks & Robert Cook-Deegan - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):12-20.
    Drawing on a landscape analysis of existing data-sharing initiatives, in-depth interviews with expert stakeholders, and public deliberations with community advisory panels across the U.S., we describe features of the evolving medical information commons. We identify participant-centricity and trustworthiness as the most important features of an MIC and discuss the implications for those seeking to create a sustainable, useful, and widely available collection of linked resources for research and other purposes.
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  28.  67
    Normality and Trust in Goffman's Theory of Interaction Order.Barbara A. Misztal - 2001 - Sociological Theory 19 (3):312-324.
    The article asserts that Goffman's concept of normality comes close to the notion of trust as a protective mechanism that prevents chaos and disorder by providing us with feelings of safety, certainty, and familiarity. Arguing that to account for the tendency of social order to be seen as normal we need to conceptualize trust as the routine background of everyday interaction, the article analyzes Goffman's concepts of normal appearances, stigma, and frames as devices for endowing social order with predictability, reliability, (...)
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  29.  10
    Predicting Behavior in Economic Games by Looking Through the Eyes of the Players.Barbara A. Mellers, Michael P. Haselhuhn, Philip E. Tetlock, José C. Silva & Alice M. Isen - 2010 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 139 (4):743-755.
  30.  30
    Returning a Research Participant's Genomic Results to Relatives: Analysis and Recommendations.Susan M. Wolf, Rebecca Branum, Barbara A. Koenig, Gloria M. Petersen, Susan A. Berry, Laura M. Beskow, Mary B. Daly, Conrad V. Fernandez, Robert C. Green, Bonnie S. LeRoy, Noralane M. Lindor, P. Pearl O'Rourke, Carmen Radecki Breitkopf, Mark A. Rothstein, Brian Van Ness & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (3):440-463.
    Genomic research results and incidental findings with health implications for a research participant are of potential interest not only to the participant, but also to the participant's family. Yet investigators lack guidance on return of results to relatives, including after the participant's death. In this paper, a national working group offers consensus analysis and recommendations, including an ethical framework to guide investigators in managing this challenging issue, before and after the participant's death.
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  31.  12
    Interactional Reconstruction in Real‐Time Language Processing.Barbara A. Fox - 1987 - Cognitive Science 11 (3):365-387.
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  32.  3
    Prolactin and the Return of Ovulation in Breast-Feeding Women.Barbara A. Gross & Creswell J. Eastman - 1985 - Journal of Biosocial Science 17 (S9):25-42.
    SummaryCross-sectional studies in Australia and the Philippines and a longitudinal prospective study in a selected Australian sample of breast-feeding mothers have shown that basal serum prolactin concentrations are elevated during 15–21 months of lactational amenorrhoea.A predictive model of serum PRL levels and return of cyclic ovarian activity during full breast-feeding, partial breast-feeding and weaning has been developed from the results of breast-feeding behaviour and serum PRL, gonadotrophin and oestradiol measurements in 34 mothers breast-feeding on demand for a mean of 67 (...)
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  33. Anthropology and Bioethics.Barbara A. Koenig - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7:68-76.
     
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  34.  2
    The New Importance of the Relationship Between Formality and Informality.Barbara A. Misztal - 2005 - Feminist Theory 6 (2):173-194.
    Arguing that the fruitful approach to a reworking of the social depends upon forging an alliance between sociological theory and feminist theory, the paper analyses strands in sociological thinking which are responsible for renewed interest in the ‘social’. The first perspective, as developed by Touraine, Urry, Bauman and Castells, formulates a new agenda for ‘sociology beyond the social’ and emphasizes the limitations of the concept of ‘the social as society’. The second orientation, represented here by Richard Sennett, tracks the shifting (...)
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  35.  28
    The Renewal of Case Studies in Science Education.Arthur Stinner, Barbara A. McMillan, Don Metz, Jana M. Jilek & Stephen Klassen - 2003 - Science & Education 12 (7):617-643.
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  36.  14
    Should Researchers Offer Results to Family Members of Cancer Biobank Participants? A Mixed-Methods Study of Proband and Family Preferences.Deborah R. Gordon, Carmen Radecki Breitkopf, Marguerite Robinson, Wesley O. Petersen, Jason S. Egginton, Kari G. Chaffee, Gloria M. Petersen, Susan M. Wolf & Barbara A. Koenig - 2019 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 10 (1):1-22.
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  37.  19
    Supercoiled Loops and the Organization of Replication and Transcription in Eukaryotes.Barbara A. Zehnbauer & Bert Vogelstein - 1985 - Bioessays 2 (2):52-54.
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  38.  7
    Harmony and Distress: Humor, Culture, and Psychological Well-Being in South Korean Organizations.Hee Sun Kim & Barbara A. Plester - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  39.  1
    The Sacralization of Memory.Barbara A. Misztal - 2004 - European Journal of Social Theory 7 (1):67-84.
    This article argues that today’s search for identity, in the context of the rise of a new spirituality and the decline of authoritative memories, facilitates the forging of a new connection between soul and memory and enhances the importance of traumatic memories. Consequently, we witness the sacralization of memory which in unsettled times, when memories tend to become fixed and frozen, can undermine intergroup cooperation. The article asserts that an ethical burden, prompted by viewing memory as the surrogate of the (...)
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  40.  7
    Why Not Grant Primacy to the Family?Barbara A. Koenig - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (3):33-34.
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  41.  24
    Hopeful and Concerned: Public Input on Building a Trustworthy Medical Information Commons.Patricia A. Deverka, Dierdre Gilmore, Jennifer Richmond, Zachary Smith, Rikki Mangrum, Barbara A. Koenig, Robert Cook-Deegan, Angela G. Villanueva, Mary A. Majumder & Amy L. McGuire - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):70-87.
    A medical information commons is a networked data environment utilized for research and clinical applications. At three deliberations across the U.S., we engaged 75 adults in two-day facilitated discussions on the ethical and social issues inherent to sharing data with an MIC. Deliberants made recommendations regarding opt-in consent, transparent data policies, public representation on MIC governing boards, and strict data security and privacy protection. Community engagement is critical to earning the public's trust.
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  42.  11
    The Role of Participants in a Medical Information Commons.Mary A. Majumder, Juli M. Bollinger, Angela G. Villanueva, Patricia A. Deverka & Barbara A. Koenig - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):51-61.
    Meaningful participant engagement has been identified as a key contributor to the success of efforts to share data via a “Medical Information Commons”. We present findings from expert stakeholder interviews aimed at understanding barriers to engagement and the appropriate role of MIC participants. Although most interviewees supported engagement, they distinguished between individual versus collective forms. They also noted challenges including representation and perceived inefficiency, prompting reflection on political aspects of engagement and efficiency concerns.
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  43.  26
    Sequencing Newborns: A Call for Nuanced Use of Genomic Technologies.Josephine Johnston, John D. Lantos, Aaron Goldenberg, Flavia Chen, Erik Parens & Barbara A. Koenig - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (S2):S2-S6.
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  44.  52
    The Difference That Culture Can Make in End-of-Life Decisionmaking.H. Eugene Hern, Barbara A. Koenig, Lisa Jean Moore & Patricia A. Marshall - 1998 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (1):27-40.
    Cultural difference has been largely ignored within bioethics, particularly within the end-of-life discourses and practices that have developed over the past two decades in the U.S. healthcare system. Yet how should culturebe taken into account?
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  45.  14
    Argumentation, the Visual, and the Possibility of Refutation: An Exploration.Randall A. Lake & Barbara A. Pickering - 1998 - Argumentation 12 (1):79-93.
    Taking the possibility of visual argumentation seriously, this essay explores how refutation might proceed. We posit three ways in which images can refute and be refuted in a mixed-media environment: dissection, in which an image is broken down discursively; substitution, in which one image is replaced within a larger visual frame by a different image; and transformation, in which an image is recontextualized in a new visual frame. These strategies are illustrated in an analysis of three American documentary films on (...)
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  46.  11
    Music Therapy in Palliative Care for Hospitalized Children & Adolescents.Barbara A. Daveson & J. D. Kennelly - 1999 - Journal of Palliative Care 16 (1):35-38.
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  47.  9
    Too Many, Too Few: Ritual Modes of Signification.Barbara A. Babcock - 1978 - Semiotica 23 (3-4).
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  48.  35
    Hypothesis Testing: Strategy Selection for Generalising Versus Limiting Hypotheses.Barbara A. Spellman - 1999 - Thinking and Reasoning 5 (1):67 – 92.
    Humans appear to follow normative rules of inductive reasoning in "premise diversity tasks" that is, they know that dissimilar rather than similar evidence is better for generalising hypotheses. In three experiments, we use a "hypothesis limitation task" to compare a related inductive reasoning skill knowing how to limit hypotheses by using a negative test strategy. Participants are told that one category member has some property (e.g. Dogs have a merocrine gland) and are asked what evidence they would test to ensure (...)
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  49.  24
    Dead Donors and the "Shortage" of Human Organs: Are We Missing the Point?Barbara A. Koenig - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (1):26 – 27.
  50. Reflexivity: Definitions and Discriminations.Barbara A. Babcock - 1980 - Semiotica 30 (1-2):1-14.
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