Results for 'Brian M. Hughes'

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  1.  23
    Personal Identity: A Defence of Locke: M. W. Hughes.M. W. Hughes - 1975 - Philosophy 50 (192):169-187.
    The theory of personal identity should illuminate and be illuminated by the theory of personality, of which it is a part. I believe that Locke's theory succeeds in this more than that of any other great philosopher, and the modifications which it may need are not fundamental ones. The problems raised by Butler and Flew can be made to disappear.
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  2.  25
    Natural Selection and Religiosity: Validity Issues in the Empirical Examination of Afterlife Cognitions.M. Hughes Brian - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):478.
    Bering's target article proposes that the tendency to believe in an afterlife emerged (in evolutionary history) in response to selective pressures unique to human societies. However, the empirical evidence presented fails to account for the broader social context that impinges upon researcher–participant interactions, and so fails to displace the more parsimonious explanation that it is childhood credulity that underlies the acquisition of afterlife beliefs through cultural exposure.
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  3. Conceptual and Historical Issues in Psychology.Brian M. Hughes - 2011 - Pearson.
    Explaining people : theoretical psychology throughout the ages -- Ways of knowing : the scientific method and its alternatives -- From philosophy to laboratory : the arrival of empirical psychology -- The evolution of measurement : from physiognomy to psychometrics -- The behaviourist revolution : actions as data -- The cognitive revolution : the metaphor of computation -- Neuroscience and genetics : 21st century reductionism? -- Can psychology be scientific? -- Subjectivist approaches to psychology -- The problem of consciousness -- (...)
     
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  4. Psychology Express: Conceptual and Historical Issues in Psychology.Brian M. Hughes - 2011 - Pearson.
    Explaining people : theoretical psychology throughout the ages -- Ways of knowing : the scientific method and its alternatives -- From philosophy to laboratory : the arrival of empirical psychology -- The evolution of measurement : from physiognomy to psychometrics -- The behaviourist revolution : actions as data -- The cognitive revolution : the metaphor of computation -- Neuroscience and genetics : 21st century reductionism? -- Can psychology be scientific? -- Subjectivist approaches to psychology -- The problem of consciousness -- (...)
     
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  5. Guilt and its Vicissitudes: Psychoanalytic Reflections on Morality.Judith M. Hughes - 2007 - Routledge.
    How do psychoanalysts explain human morality? _Guilt and Its Vicissitudes: Psychoanalytic Reflections on Morality_ focuses on the way Melanie Klein and successive generations of her followers pursued and deepened Freud's project of explaining man's moral sense as a wholly natural phenomenon. With the introduction of the superego, Freud laid claim to the study of moral development as part of the psychoanalytic enterprise. At the same time he reconceptualized guilt: he thought of it not only as conscious, but as unconscious as (...)
     
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  6. Norbert M. Samuelson: Reasoned Faith.Hava Tirosh-Samuelson & Aaron W. Hughes (eds.) - 2015 - Brill.
    Norbert M. Samuelson is Harold and Jean Grossman Chair of Jewish Studies at Arizona State University. Trained in analytic philosophy, he has contributed to the professionalization of Jewish philosophy in America and to the field of religion and science.
     
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  7.  13
    Brian R. Clack An Introduction to Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Religion. (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1999). Pp. Xii+137. £14.95 Pbk. [REVIEW]W. F. S. M. - 2000 - Religious Studies 36 (1):123-125.
  8.  19
    Brian Davies O. P. (Ed.) Philosophy of Religion: A Guide to the Subject. (London: Cassell, 1998). Pp. X+400. £19.99 Pbk. [REVIEW]W. F. S. M. - 1999 - Religious Studies 35 (3):385-388.
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  9.  31
    Prescriptivism in Theory and in Practice: The Moral Philosophy of R. M. Hare.Gerard J. Hughes & J. S. - 1973 - Heythrop Journal 14 (2):136–146.
  10.  9
    Charles Darwin in Australia. F. W. Nicholas, J. M. Nicholas.Miranda Hughes - 1991 - Isis 82 (2):386-386.
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  11.  26
    Asclepiea (M.) Melfi I Santuari di Asclepio in Grecia. I. (Studia Archaeologia 157.) Pp. 578, Ills, Maps. Rome: 'L'Erma' di Bretschneider, 2007. Cased, €300. ISBN: 978-88-8265-347-. [REVIEW]Jessica Hughes - 2009 - The Classical Review 59 (1):242-.
  12.  14
    Dynamic Transcendentals: Truth, Goodness, and Beauty From a Thomistic Perspective. By Alice M. Ramos.Margaret I. Hughes - 2013 - International Philosophical Quarterly 53 (1):89-91.
  13.  12
    Transplantation Ethics: R M Veatch. Georgetown University Press, 2000, Pound46.75, Pp 427. ISBN 0-87840-811-. [REVIEW]J. Hughes - 2002 - Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (5):330-b-331.
  14.  3
    BERENSON, F. M. Understanding Persons. [REVIEW]Martin Hughes - 1983 - Philosophy 58:126.
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  15.  8
    Understanding Persons By F. M. Berenson Brighton:The Harvester Press, Xiv+198 Pp., £18.95.Martin Hughes - 1983 - Philosophy 58 (223):126-.
  16. Prescriptivism in Theory and in Practice: The Moral Philosophy of R. M. Hare.Gerard J. Hughes - 1973 - Heythrop Journal 14 (2):136-146.
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  17. Sinnott-Armstrong, W. And Timmons, M.-Moral Knowledge?G. J. Hughes - 1998 - Philosophical Books 39:204-205.
     
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  18.  45
    Linking Ethics and Risk Management in Taxation: Evidence From an Exploratory Study in Ireland and the UK.Elaine M. Doyle, Jane Frecknall Hughes & Keith W. Glaister - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 86 (2):177-198.
    Ethical dilemmas involving tax issues were identified by members of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants as posing the most difficult ethical problem for them (Finn et al., Journal of Business Ethics 7(8), pp. 607–609, 1988). The KPMG tax shelter fraud case proves that the tax profession has not gone untainted in the age of numerous accounting and corporate scandals, such as the Enron débâcle (Sikka and Hampton, Accounting Forum 29(3), 325–343, 2005). High-profile scandals serve to highlight the problems (...)
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  19. A New Introduction to Modal Logic.M. J. Cresswell & G. E. Hughes - 1996 - Routledge.
    This long-awaited book replaces Hughes and Cresswell's two classic studies of modal logic: _An Introduction to Modal Logic_ and _A Companion to Modal Logic_. _A New Introduction to Modal Logic_ is an entirely new work, completely re-written by the authors. They have incorporated all the new developments that have taken place since 1968 in both modal propositional logic and modal predicate logic, without sacrificing tha clarity of exposition and approachability that were essential features of their earlier works. The book (...)
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  20.  7
    A Reply to Uttl and Morin’s Commentary Of.Susan M. Hughes & Julia Heberle - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1138-1139.
    In response to a commentary provided by Uttl and Morin regarding the recent study by Hughes and Nicholson , we evaluate their suggestion to modify our study’s design to reduce ceiling effects . Also, the commentators failed to take into account our data on reaction times , which help substantiate our conclusions regarding self-face and self-voice recognition. This rejoinder encourages readers to consider the relevance of the ecological validity of Hughes and Nicholson’s findings.
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  21.  62
    The Aesthetic Appeal of Minimal Structures: Judging the Attractiveness of Solutions to Traveling Salesperson Problems.D. Vickers, M. Lee, M. Dry, P. Hughes & Jennifer A. McMahon - 2006 - Perception and Psychophysics 68 (1):32-42.
    Ormerod and Chronicle reported that optimal solutions to traveling salesperson problems were judged to be aesthetically more pleasing than poorer solutions and that solutions with more convex hull nodes were rated as better figures. To test these conclusions, solution regularity and the number of potential intersections were held constant, whereas solution optimality, the number of internal nodes, and the number of nearest neighbors in each solution were varied factorially. The results did not support the view that the convex hull is (...)
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  22.  24
    Notes and News.A. V. Judges, William Boyd, M. M. Lewis, E. W. Hughes, A. H. Surman & Idwal Jones - 1952 - British Journal of Educational Studies 1 (1):67-78.
  23.  15
    What Can Particle Physicists Count On?David Gooding, William J. McKinney, Harry M. Marks, Jeff Hughes & Alan Chalmers - 1999 - Metascience 8 (3):356-392.
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  24.  17
    The Simultaneous Growth of Interacting Systems.J. G. Skellam, M. V. Brian & J. R. Proctor - 1959 - Acta Biotheoretica 13 (2-3):131-144.
    The rôle of mathematical models in growth studies is discussed and a distinction made between the structural and descriptive aspects of a mathematical formulation. A simple scheme is set up to represent in broad outline the simultaneous growth and interaction of larval and adult systems inMyrmica rubra and is matched against observed results.
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  25. Is Political Obligation Necessary for Obedience? Hobbes on Hostility, War and Obligation.Thomas M. Hughes - 2012 - Teoria Politica 2:77-99.
    Contemporary debates on obedience and consent, such as those between Thomas Senor and A. John Simmons, suggest that either political obligation must exist as a concept or there must be natural duty of justice accessible to us through reason. Without one or the other, de facto political institutions would lack the requisite moral framework to engage in legitimate coercion. This essay suggests that both are unnecessary in order to provide a conceptual framework in which obedience to coercive political institutions can (...)
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  26.  68
    A New Introduction to Modal Logic.Paolo Crivelli, Timothy Williamson, G. E. Hughes & M. J. Cresswell - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (3):471.
  27.  27
    Patients' Views on Identifiability of Samples and Informed Consent for Genetic Research.Sara Chandros Hull, Richard Sharp, Jeffrey Botkin, Mark Brown, Mark Hughes, Jeremy Sugarman, Debra Schwinn, Pamela Sankar, Dragana Bolcic-Jankovic, Brian Clarridge & Benjamin Wilfond - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (10):62-70.
    It is unclear whether the regulatory distinction between non-identifiable and identifiable information—information used to determine informed consent practices for the use of clinically derived samples for genetic research—is meaningful to patients. The objective of this study was to examine patients' attitudes and preferences regarding use of anonymous and identifiable clinical samples for genetic research. Telephone interviews were conducted with 1,193 patients recruited from general medicine, thoracic surgery, or medical oncology clinics at five United States academic medical centers. Wanting to know (...)
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  28.  23
    A Review Of: “James Stacey Taylor, Stakes and Kidneys: Why Markets in Human Body Parts Are Morally Imperative”: Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishing, 2005. 225 Pp. $29.95, Paperback. [REVIEW]Paul M. Hughes - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (2):93-94.
  29.  24
    Processing of Invisible Social Cues.M. Ida Gobbini, Jason D. Gors, Yaroslav O. Halchenko, Howard C. Hughes & Carlo Cipolli - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):765-770.
    Successful interactions between people are dependent on rapid recognition of social cues. We investigated whether head direction – a powerful social signal – is processed in the absence of conscious awareness. We used continuous flash interocular suppression to render stimuli invisible and compared the reaction time for face detection when faces were turned towards the viewer and turned slightly away. We found that faces turned towards the viewer break through suppression faster than faces that are turned away, regardless of eye (...)
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  30.  4
    Resuscitation Decisions at the End of Life: Medical Views and the Juridification of Practice.Fiona M. A. MacCormick, Charlotte Emmett, Paul Paes & Julian C. Hughes - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (6):376-383.
    Background Concerns about decision making related to resuscitation have led to two important challenges in the courts resulting in new legal precedents for decision-making practice. Systematic research investigating the experiences of doctors involved in decisions about resuscitation in light of the recent changes in law remains lacking. Aim To analyse the practice of resuscitation decision making on hospital wards from the perspectives of doctors. Design The data presented in this paper were collected as part of a wider research study of (...)
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  31.  25
    On Forgiving Oneself: A Reply to Snow. [REVIEW]Paul M. Hughes - 1994 - Journal of Value Inquiry 28 (4):557-560.
  32.  32
    Constraint, Consent, and Well-Being in Human Kidney Sales.P. M. Hughes - 2009 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 34 (6):606-631.
    This paper canvasses recent arguments in favor of commercial markets in human transplant kidneys, raising objections to those arguments on grounds of the role of injustice, exploitation, and coercion in compromising the autonomy of those most likely to sell a kidney, namely, the least well off members of society.
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  33. Exploitation, Autonomy, and the Case for Organ Sales.Paul M. Hughes - 1998 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 12 (1):89-95.
    A recent argument in favor of a free market in human organs claims that such a market enhances personal autonomy. I argue here that such a market would, on the contrary, actually compromise the autonomy of those most likely to sell their organs, namely, the least well off members of society. A Marxian-inspired notion of exploitation is deployed to show how, and in what sense, this is the case.
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  34.  66
    What is Involved in Forgiving?Paul M. Hughes - 1997 - Philosophia 25 (1-4):33-49.
    I have argued that forgiveness paradigmatically involves overcoming moral anger, of which resentment is the central case. I have argued, as well, that forgiveness may involve overcoming any form of anger so long as the belief that you have been wrongfully harmed is partially constitutive of it, and that overcoming other negative emotions caused by a wrongdoer's misdeed may, given appropriate qualifications, count as forgiveness. Those qualifications indicate, however, significant differences between moral anger and other negative emotions; differences which must (...)
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  35.  54
    Presumed Consent: State Organ Confiscation or Mandated Charity? [REVIEW]Paul M. Hughes - 2009 - HEC Forum 21 (1):1-26.
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  36.  9
    The Processing of Auditory and Visual Recognition of Self-Stimuli.Susan M. Hughes & Shevon E. Nicholson - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1124-1134.
    This study examined self-recognition processing in both the auditory and visual modalities by determining how comparable hearing a recording of one’s own voice was to seeing photograph of one’s own face. We also investigated whether the simultaneous presentation of auditory and visual self-stimuli would either facilitate or inhibit self-identification. Ninety-one participants completed reaction-time tasks of self-recognition when presented with their own faces, own voices, and combinations of the two. Reaction time and errors made when responding with both the right and (...)
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  37.  5
    Larry May and Robert Strikwerda ., Rethinking Masculinity: Philosophical Explorations in Light of Feminism.Paul M. Hughes - 1996 - International Studies in Philosophy 28 (2):152-154.
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  38. Newton, Hermes and Berkeley.M. Hughes - 1992 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (1):1-19.
  39.  31
    What Trial Participants Need to Be Told About Placebo Effects to Give Informed Consent: A Survey to Establish Existing Knowledge Among Patients with Back Pain.J. Hughes, M. Greville-Harris, C. A. Graham, G. Lewith, P. White & F. L. Bishop - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (12):867-870.
    Introduction Patients require an accurate knowledge about placebos and their possible effects to ensure consent for placebo-controlled clinical trials is adequately informed. However, few previous studies have explored patients’ baseline levels of understanding and knowledge about placebos. The present online survey aimed to assess knowledge about placebos among patients with a history of back pain. Design A 15-item questionnaire was constructed to measure knowledge about placebos. Additional questions assessed sociodemographic characteristics, duration and severity of back pain, and previous experience of (...)
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  40.  42
    Lexicalisation and the Origin of the Human Mind.Thomas J. Hughes & J. T. M. Miller - 2014 - Biosemiotics 7 (1):11-27.
    This paper will discuss the origin of the human mind, and the qualitative discontinuity between human and animal cognition. We locate the source of this discontinuity within the language faculty, and thus take the origin of the mind to depend on the origin of the language faculty. We will look at one such proposal put forward by Hauser et al. (Science 298:1569-1579, 2002), which takes the evolution of a Merge trait (recursion) to solely explain the differences between human and animal (...)
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  41.  75
    Value Judgements and Conceptual Tensions: Decision-Making in Relation to Hospital Discharge for People with Dementia.H. Greener, M. Poole, C. Emmett, J. Bond, S. J. Louw & J. C. Hughes - 2012 - Clinical Ethics 7 (4):166-174.
    We reflect, using a vignette, on conceptual tensions and the value judgements that lie behind difficult decisions about whether or not the older person with dementia should return home or move into long-term care following hospital admission. The paper seeks, first, to expose some of the difficulties arising from the assessment of residence capacity, particularly around the nature of evaluative judgements and conceptual tensions inherent in the legal approach to capacity. Secondly, we consider the assessment of best interests around place (...)
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  42.  30
    Interference by Process, Not Content, Determines Semantic Auditory Distraction.John E. Marsh, Robert W. Hughes & Dylan M. Jones - 2009 - Cognition 110 (1):23-38.
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  43. New Books. [REVIEW]C. D. Broad, Richard Robinson, H. B. Acton, George E. Hughes, T. D. Weldon, Mario M. Rossi, A. C. Ewing, C. J. Holloway, J. P. Corbett, C. W. K. Mundle, W. B. Gallie, W. Mays, A. H. Armstrong, C. K. Grant & I. M. Cromble - 1949 - Mind 58 (229):101-130.
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  44.  68
    Ambivalence, Autonomy, and Organ Sales.Paul M. Hughes - 2006 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (2):237-251.
    Recent philosophical arguments in favor of legal markets in human organs such as kidneys claim that respect for autonomy justifies such markets. I argue that these arguments fail to establish the moral permissibility of commercialized organ sales because they do not show that those most likely to serve as vendors would choose to sell autonomously. Pro-market views utilize hierarchical theories of autonomy to demonstrate that potential organ vendors may autonomously consent to selling their organs even in the absence of any (...)
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  45.  12
    Public Knowledge and Perceptions of Connected Health.Paul J. Barr, Shauna C. Brady, Carmel M. Hughes & James C. McElnay - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (3):246-254.
  46.  80
    Moral Anger, Forgiving, and Condoning.Paul M. Hughes - 1995 - Journal of Social Philosophy 26 (1):103-118.
  47. Recognition, Responsibility, and Rights: Feminist Ethics and Social Theory.Heidi Grasswick, Cressida J. Heyes, Cheryl L. Hughes, Alison M. Jaggar, Marìa Pìa Lara, Bonnie Mann, Norah Martin, Diana Tietjens Meyers, Kate Parsons, Misha Strauss, Margaret Urban Walker, Abby Wilkerson & IrisMarion Young - 2002 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This collection of papers by prominent feminist thinkers advances the positive feminist project of remapping the moral by developing theory that acknowledges the diversity of women.
     
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  48.  45
    What is Wrong with Entrapment?Paul M. Hughes - 2004 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 42 (1):45-60.
    Proactive law enforcement techniques such as sting operations sometimes go too far, resulting in innocent people being "entrapped" into committing crime. Fortunately, the criminal law recognizes entrapment as a defense to a criminal charge. There is, however, much confusion about entrapment. In this paper I argue that this confusion is a result of misunderstanding the _moral status of entrapment. Since all proactive law enforcement violates the autonomy of those subject to it, it undermines moral agency and criminal liability. Although this (...)
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  49.  36
    Omnitemporal Logic and Converging Time.G. E. Hughes & M. J. Cresswell - 1975 - Theoria 41 (1):11-34.
  50.  21
    Connected Health Care: The Future of Health Care and the Role of the Pharmacist.Paul J. Barr, James C. McElnay & Carmel M. Hughes - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (1):56-62.
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