Results for 'Brittany Shoots-Reinhard'

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  1.  4
    Dehumanization During the COVID-19 Pandemic.David M. Markowitz, Brittany Shoots-Reinhard, Ellen Peters, Michael C. Silverstein, Raleigh Goodwin & Pär Bjälkebring - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Communities often unite during a crisis, though some cope by ascribing blame or stigmas to those who might be linked to distressing life events. In a preregistered two-wave survey, we evaluated the dehumanization of Asians and Asian Americans during the COVID-19 pandemic. Our first wave revealed dehumanization was prevalent, between 6.1% and 39% of our sample depending on measurement. Compared to non-dehumanizers, people who dehumanized also perceived the virus as less risky to human health and caused less severe consequences for (...)
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  2.  9
    Kynast, Reinhard, Intuitive Erkenntnis.Reinhard Kynast - 1920 - Kant-Studien 24 (1).
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  3. The Chain Store Paradox.Reinhard Selten - 1978 - Theory and Decision 9 (2):127-159.
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  4.  4
    Kurt-Reinhard Biermann zum 80. Geburtstag.Reinhard Siegmund-Schultze - 1999 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 7 (1):244-245.
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  5. Reinhard Brandt: Universität zwischen Selbst- und Fremdbestimmung. [REVIEW]Reinhard Mehring - 2005 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 58 (2).
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  6. The Shooting-Room Paradox and Conditionalizing on Measurably Challenged Sets.Paul Bartha & Christopher Hitchcock - 1999 - Synthese 118 (3):403-437.
    We provide a solution to the well-known “Shooting-Room” paradox, developed by John Leslie in connection with his Doomsday Argument. In the “Shooting-Room” paradox, the death of an individual is contingent upon an event that has a 1/36 chance of occurring, yet the relative frequency of death in the relevant population is 0.9. There are two intuitively plausible arguments, one concluding that the appropriate subjective probability of death is 1/36, the other that this probability is 0.9. How are these two values (...)
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  7.  26
    Visual Perspective and the Characteristics of Mind Wandering.Brittany M. Christian, Lynden K. Miles, Carolyn Parkinson & C. Neil Macrae - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  8.  32
    The Shape of Things to Come: Exploring Goal-Directed Prospection.Brittany M. Christian, Lynden K. Miles, Fiona Hoi Kei Fung, Sarah Best & C. Neil Macrae - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):471-478.
    Through the ability to preview the future , people can anticipate how best to think, feel and act in just about any setting. But exactly what factors determine the contents of prospection? Extending research on action identification and temporal construal, here we explored how action goals and temporal distance modulate the characteristics of future previews. Participants were required to imagine travelling to Egypt to climb or photograph a pyramid. Afterwards, to probe the contents of prospection, participants provided a sketch of (...)
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  9.  20
    Ethics of Recruiting Research Subjects Through Social Media.Brittany N. Ferrigno & Robert M. Sade - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (6):73-75.
    Volume 19, Issue 6, June 2019, Page 73-75.
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  10.  37
    Shooting, Killing and Dying.Jonathan Bennett - 1973 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 2 (3):315 - 323.
    There was a duel at dawn between A and B. A shot B, who lingered on until dusk of that day, and then died of his bulletwound. Certain background conditions are satisfied which make it right to say not just that A caused B's death but that he killed him. So, A shot B and killed him. This seems to be structurally different from "A shot B and he kicked him," but what is this structural difference? How does the shooting (...)
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  11.  14
    Independent Development of the Reach and the Grasp in Spontaneous Self-Touching by Human Infants in the First 6 Months.Brittany L. Thomas, Jenni M. Karl & Ian Q. Whishaw - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  12.  98
    Corporations, Stakeholders and Sustainable Development I: A Theoretical Exploration of Business–Society Relations.Reinhard Steurer, Markus E. Langer, Astrid Konrad & André Martinuzzi - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 61 (3):263-281.
    Sustainable development (SD) – that is, “Development that meets the needs of current generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs and aspirations” – can be pursued in many different ways. Stakeholder relations management (SRM) is one such way, through which corporations are confronted with economic, social, and environmental stakeholder claims. This paper lays the groundwork for an empirical analysis of the question of how far SD can be achieved through SRM. It describes the so-called SD–SRM (...)
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  13.  13
    Taming Temptation: Visual Perspective Impacts Consumption and Willingness to Pay for Unhealthy Foods.Brittany M. Christian, Lynden K. Miles, Sophie T. Kenyeri, Jennifer Mattschey & C. Neil Macrae - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 22 (1):85-94.
  14.  3
    Shooting to Kill: The Ethics of Police and Military Use of Lethal Force.Seumas Miller - 2016 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Terrorism, the use of military force in Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria, and the fatal police shootings of unarmed persons have all contributed to renewed interest in the ethics of police and military use of lethal force and its moral justification. In this book, philosopher Seumas Miller analyzes the various moral justifications and moral responsibilities involved in the use of lethal force by police and military combatants, relying on a distinctive normative teleological account of institutional roles. His conception constitutes a novel (...)
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  15. Beyond Point-and-Shoot Morality: Why Cognitive (Neuro)Science Matters for Ethics.Joshua D. Greene - 2014 - Ethics 124 (4):695-726.
    In this article I explain why cognitive science (including some neuroscience) matters for normative ethics. First, I describe the dual-process theory of moral judgment and briefly summarize the evidence supporting it. Next I describe related experimental research examining influences on intuitive moral judgment. I then describe two ways in which research along these lines can have implications for ethics. I argue that a deeper understanding of moral psychology favors certain forms of consequentialism over other classes of normative moral theory. I (...)
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  16.  39
    Dose-Response Relationships Using Brain–Computer Interface Technology Impact Stroke Rehabilitation.Brittany M. Young, Zack Nigogosyan, Léo M. Walton, Alexander Remsik, Jie Song, Veena A. Nair, Mitchell E. Tyler, Dorothy F. Edwards, Kristin Caldera, Justin A. Sattin, Justin C. Williams & Vivek Prabhakaran - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  17.  8
    A Historical and Undergraduate Context to Inform Interprofessional Education for Global Health.Brittany Seymour & Jane Barrow - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (S2):9-16.
  18. Combining Montague Semantics and Discourse Representation.Reinhard Muskens - 1996 - Linguistics and Philosophy 19 (2):143 - 186.
    This paper embeds the core part of Discourse Representation Theory in the classical theory of types plus a few simple axioms that allow the theory to express key facts about variables and assignments on the object level of the logic. It is shown how the embedding can be used to combine core analyses of natural language phenomena in Discourse Representation Theory with analyses that can be obtained in Montague Semantics.
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  19.  17
    Measuring Emotions During Epistemic Activities: The Epistemically-Related Emotion Scales.Reinhard Pekrun, Elisabeth Vogl, Krista R. Muis & Gale M. Sinatra - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (6):1268-1276.
    Measurement instruments assessing multiple emotions during epistemic activities are largely lacking. We describe the construction and validation of the Epistemically-Related Emotion Scales, which measure surprise, curiosity, enjoyment, confusion, anxiety, frustration, and boredom occurring during epistemic cognitive activities. The instrument was tested in a multinational study of emotions during learning from conflicting texts. The findings document the reliability, internal validity, and external validity of the instrument. A seven-factor model best fit the data, suggesting that epistemically-related emotions should be conceptualised in terms (...)
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  20.  45
    Prepared for Practice? Law Teaching and Assessment in UK Medical Schools.M. Preston-Shoot & J. McKimm - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (11):694-699.
    A revised core curriculum for medical ethics and law in UK medical schools has been published. The General Medical Council requires medical graduates to understand law and ethics and behave in accordance with ethical and legal principles. A parallel policy agenda emphasises accountability, the development of professionalism and patient safety. Given the renewed focus on teaching and learning law alongside medical ethics and the development of professional identity, this survey aimed to identify how medical schools are responding to the preparation (...)
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  21.  9
    Beyond “Sign at the X”: In Pursuit of Comprehension.Brittany N. Ferrigno & Robert M. Sade - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 8 (1):41-43.
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  22. A Quantum Probability Perspective on Borderline Vagueness.Reinhard Blutner, Emmanuel M. Pothos & Peter Bruza - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (4):711-736.
    The term “vagueness” describes a property of natural concepts, which normally have fuzzy boundaries, admit borderline cases, and are susceptible to Zeno's sorites paradox. We will discuss the psychology of vagueness, especially experiments investigating the judgment of borderline cases and contradictions. In the theoretical part, we will propose a probabilistic model that describes the quantitative characteristics of the experimental finding and extends Alxatib's and Pelletier's () theoretical analysis. The model is based on a Hopfield network for predicting truth values. Powerful (...)
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  23.  35
    Meaning and Partiality.Reinhard Muskens - 1995 - Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications.
    This book radically simplifies Montague Semantics and generalizes the theory by basing it on a partial higher order logic. The resulting theory is a synthesis of Montague Semantics and Situation Semantics. In the late sixties Richard Montague developed the revolutionary idea that we can understand the concept of meaning in ordinary languages much in the same way as we understand the semantics of logical languages. Unfortunately, however, he formalized his idea in an unnecessarily complex way - two outstanding researchers in (...)
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  24. A Shooting-Room View of Doomsday.William Eckhardt - 1997 - Journal of Philosophy 94 (5):244-259.
  25.  9
    Taking French Feminism to the Streets: Fadela Amara and the Rise of Ni Putes Ni Soumises.Brittany Murray & Diane Perpich (eds.) - 2011 - University of Illinois Press.
    "Portions of this work were originally published as La racaille de la Republique by Fadela Amara and Mohammed Abdi, Editions du Seuil, 2006"--T.p. verso.
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  26.  53
    Shooting Down a Hijacked Plane—The German Discussion and Beyond.Tatjana Hörnle - 2008 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 3 (2):111-131.
    The article examines whether state officials may shoot down a hijacked airplane which carries uninvolved passengers, if it is known that the plane will be used against the lives of other human beings. In its first sections, it explains the German Federal Constitutional Court’s verdict against such a permission, and it scrutinizes the crucial arguments in this ruling. The author then extends the discussion beyond the path taken by the court. She examines the defensive claims of passengers aboard the plane (...)
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  27.  17
    Uncertainty From Heisenberg to Today.Reinhard F. Werner & Terry Farrelly - 2019 - Foundations of Physics 49 (6):460-491.
    We explore the different meanings of “quantum uncertainty” contained in Heisenberg’s seminal paper from 1927, and also some of the precise definitions that were developed later. We recount the controversy about “Anschaulichkeit”, visualizability of the theory, which Heisenberg claims to resolve. Moreover, we consider Heisenberg’s programme of operational analysis of concepts, in which he sees himself as following Einstein. Heisenberg’s work is marked by the tensions between semiclassical arguments and the emerging modern quantum theory, between intuition and rigour, and between (...)
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  28.  16
    A Shooting-Room View of Doomsday.William Eckhardt - 1997 - Journal of Philosophy 94 (5):244.
  29.  25
    Is There a “Hilbert Thesis”?Reinhard Kahle - 2019 - Studia Logica 107 (1):145-165.
    In his introductory paper to first-order logic, Jon Barwise writes in the Handbook of Mathematical Logic :[T]he informal notion of provable used in mathematics is made precise by the formal notion provable in first-order logic. Following a sug[g]estion of Martin Davis, we refer to this view as Hilbert’s Thesis.This paper reviews the discussion of Hilbert’s Thesis in the literature. In addition to the question whether it is justifiable to use Hilbert’s name here, the arguments for this thesis are compared with (...)
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  30.  31
    Shooting the Messenger Won’T Change the News.Susan Malcolm-Smith, Mark Solms, Oliver Turnbull & Colin Tredoux - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (4):1297-1301.
    Malcolm-Smith, Solms, Turnbull and Tredoux [Malcolm-Smith, S., Solms, M., Turnbull, O., & Tredoux, C. . Threat in dreams: An adaptation? Consciousness and Cognition, 17, 1281–1291.] conducted a rigorous study that sampled two populations differentially exposed to threat in real life, and found that critical predictions from the Threat Simulation Theory of dreams [Revonsuo, A. . The reinterpretation of dreams: An evolutionary hypothesis of the function of dreaming. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 23, 877-901.; Revonsuo, A. . Did ancestral humans dream for (...)
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  31.  19
    Shooting by the Book: Notes on Niccolò Tartaglia's Nova Scientia.Serafina Cuomo - 1997 - History of Science 35 (108):155-188.
  32.  6
    The Influence of Ego Depletion on Sprint Start Performance in Athletes Without Track and Field Experience.Chris Englert, Brittany N. Persaud, Raôul R. D. Oudejans & Alex Bertrams - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  33.  40
    Readiness for Legally Literate Medical Practice? Student Perceptions of Their Undergraduate Medico-Legal Education.M. Preston-Shoot, J. McKimm, W. M. Kong & S. Smith - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (10):616-622.
    Medical councils increasingly require graduates to understand law and to practise medicine mindful of the legal rules. In the UK a revised curriculum for medical law and ethics has been published. However, coverage of law in medical education remains variable and doubts exist about how far students acquire legal knowledge and skills in its implementation. This survey of students in two UK medical schools measured their law learning and their confidence in using this knowledge. Concept maps and a self-audit questionnaire (...)
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  34.  7
    Structural Variation Within the Amygdala and Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex Predicts Memory for Impressions in Older Adults.Brittany S. Cassidy & Angela H. Gutchess - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  35.  7
    Multiple Contraction a Further Case Against Gärdenfors' Principle of Recovery.Reinhard Niederée - 1991 - In André Fuhrmann & Michael Morreau (eds.), The Logic of Theory Change. Springer. pp. 322--334.
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  36. Sense and the Computation of Reference.Reinhard Muskens - 2004 - Linguistics and Philosophy 28 (4):473 - 504.
    The paper shows how ideas that explain the sense of an expression as a method or algorithm for finding its reference, preshadowed in Frege’s dictum that sense is the way in which a referent is given, can be formalized on the basis of the ideas in Thomason (1980). To this end, the function that sends propositions to truth values or sets of possible worlds in Thomason (1980) must be replaced by a relation and the meaning postulates governing the behaviour of (...)
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  37. Tense and the Logic of Change.Reinhard Muskens - 1995 - In Urs Egli, Peter Pause, Christoph Schwarze, Arnim von Stechow & Götz Wienold (eds.), Lexical Knowledge in the Organization of Language. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. pp. 147-183.
    In this paper it is shown how the DRT (Discourse Representation Theory) treatment of temporal anaphora can be formalized within a version of Montague Semantics that is based on classical type logic.
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  38.  73
    Questions and Answers in an Orthoalgebraic Approach.Reinhard Blutner - 2012 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 21 (3):237-277.
    Taking the lead from orthodox quantum theory, I will introduce a handy generalization of the Boolean approach to propositions and questions: the orthoalgebraic framework. I will demonstrate that this formalism relates to a formal theory of questions (or ‘observables’ in the physicist’s jargon). This theory allows formulating attitude questions, which normally are non-commuting, i.e., the ordering of the questions affects the answer behavior of attitude questions. Further, it allows the expression of conditional questions such as “If Mary reads the book, (...)
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  39.  36
    Quantum Cognition and Bounded Rationality.Reinhard Blutner & Peter Beim Graben - 2016 - Synthese 193 (10).
    We consider several puzzles of bounded rationality. These include the Allais- and Ellsberg paradox, the disjunction effect, and related puzzles. We argue that the present account of quantum cognition—taking quantum probabilities rather than classical probabilities—can give a more systematic description of these puzzles than the alternate treatments in the traditional frameworks of bounded rationality. Unfortunately, the quantum probabilistic treatment does not always provide a deeper understanding and a true explanation of these puzzles. One reason is that quantum approaches introduce additional (...)
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  40.  1
    Heidegger’s Hidden Sources. East Asian Influences on His Work.Reinhard May - 1996 - Routledge.
    _Heidegger's Hidden Sources_ documents for the first time Heidegger's remarkable debt to East Asian philosophy. In this groundbreaking study, Reinhard May shows conclusively that Martin Heidegger borrowed some of the major ideas of his philosophy - on occasion almost word for word - from German translations of Chinese Daoist and Zen Buddhist classics. The discovery of this astonishing appropriation of non-Western sources will have important consequences for future interpretations of Heidegger's work. Moreover, it shows Heidegger as a pioneer of (...)
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  41. Introduction: Proof-Theoretic Semantics.Reinhard Kahle & Peter Schroeder-Heister - 2006 - Synthese 148 (3):503-506.
  42.  16
    When Do I Wear Me Out? Mental Simulation and the Diminution of Self-Control.C. Neil Macrae, Brittany M. Christian, Marius Golubickis, Magdalene Karanasiou, Lenka Troksiarova, Diana L. McNamara & Lynden K. Miles - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (4):1755-1764.
  43.  23
    A Shooting on Capitol Hill: "The Ruby Satellite System," Mental Illness, and Failure of the American Legal System.Peter J. Cohen - 2001 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11 (4):391-400.
  44. Higher Order Modal Logic.Reinhard Muskens - 2006 - In Patrick Blackburn, Johan Van Benthem & Frank Wolter (eds.), Handbook of Modal Logic. Elsevier. pp. 621-653.
    A logic is called higher order if it allows for quantification over higher order objects, such as functions of individuals, relations between individuals, functions of functions, relations between functions, etc. Higher order logic began with Frege, was formalized in Russell [46] and Whitehead and Russell [52] early in the previous century, and received its canonical formulation in Church [14].1 While classical type theory has since long been overshadowed by set theory as a foundation of mathematics, recent decades have shown remarkable (...)
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  45. Intensional Models for the Theory of Types.Reinhard Muskens - 2007 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 72 (1):98-118.
    In this paper we define intensional models for the classical theory of types, thus arriving at an intensional type logic ITL. Intensional models generalize Henkin's general models and have a natural definition. As a class they do not validate the axiom of Extensionality. We give a cut-free sequent calculus for type theory and show completeness of this calculus with respect to the class of intensional models via a model existence theorem. After this we turn our attention to applications. Firstly, it (...)
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  46.  7
    The UF Deep Brain Stimulation Cognitive Rating Scale (DBS-CRS): Clinical Decision Making, Validity, and Outcomes.Lauren Kenney, Brittany Rohl, Francesca V. Lopez, Jacob A. Lafo, Charles Jacobson, Michael S. Okun, Kelly D. Foote & Dawn Bowers - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  47.  5
    Foreword.Reinhard Neck, David Miller & Jack Birner - 2016 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 46 (3):219-220.
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  48.  15
    Good Games and Penalty Shoot-Outs.Emily Ryall - 2015 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 9 (2):205-213.
    This paper considers the concept of a good game in terms of its relation to the fair testing of relevant skills and their aesthetic values. As such, it will consider what makes football ‘the beautiful game’ and what part penalty shoot-outs play, or should play, within it. It begins by outlining and refuting Kretchmar’s proposal that games which end following the elapsing of a set amount of time, such as football, are structurally, morally and aesthetically inferior to games which end (...)
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  49.  39
    Rationally Functional Dependence.Pavel Naumov & Brittany Nicholls - 2014 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 43 (2-3):603-616.
    Two different types of functional dependencies are compared: dependencies that are functional due to the laws of nature and dependencies that are functional if all involved agents behave rationally. The first type of dependencies was axiomatized by Armstrong. This article gives a formal definition of the second type of functional dependencies in terms of strategic games and describes a sound and complete axiomatization of their properties. The axiomatization is significantly different from the Armstrong’s axioms.
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  50.  46
    Heidegger’s Hidden Sources. East Asian Influences on His Work.Reinhard May - 1996 - Routledge.
    While the enormous influence of Martin Heidegger's thought in Japan and China is well documented, the influence on him from East-Asian sources is much lesser known. This remarkable study shows that Heidegger drew some of the major themes of his philosophy--on occasion almost word for word--from German translations of Chinese Daoist and Zen Buddhist classics.
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