Results for 'Keizo Sato'

274 found
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  1.  45
    From AI to Cybernetics.Keizo Sato - 1991 - AI and Society 5 (2):155-161.
    Well-known critics of AI such as Hubert Dreyfus and Michael Polanyi tend to confuse cybernetics with AI. Such a confusion is quite misleading and should not be overlooked. In the first place, cybernetics is not vulnerable to criticism of AI as cognitivistic and behaviouristic. In the second place, AI researchers are recommended to consider the cybernetics approach as a way of overcoming the limitations of cognitivism and behaviourism.
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  2. Realism, Underdetermination and String Theory Dualities.Keizo Matsubara - 2013 - Synthese 190 (3):471-489.
    String theory promises to be able to provide us with a working theory of quantum gravity and a unified description of all fundamental forces. In string theory there are so called ‘dualities’; i.e. different theoretical formulations that are physically equivalent. In this article these dualities are investigated from a philosophical point of view. Semantic and epistemic questions relating to the problem of underdetermination of theories by data and the debate on realism concerning scientific theories are discussed. Depending on ones views (...)
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  3.  56
    Quantum Gravity and the Nature of Space and Time.Keizo Matsubara - 2017 - Philosophy Compass 12 (3):e12405.
    This is a nontechnical overview of how various approaches to quantum gravity suggest modifications to the way we conceptualize space and time. A theory of quantum gravity is needed to reconcile quantum physics with general relativity, our best theory for gravity. The most popular approaches to quantum gravity are string theory and loop quantum gravity. So far, no approach has been empirically successful, and there is no commonly accepted theory. Thus, the conclusions presented here are tentative. Many approaches suggest that (...)
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  4. Satō Issai Zenshū: Issai Seitan 220-Nen Kinen.Issai Satō - 1990 - Meitoku Shuppansha.
    1. Seikyō ronkō -- 2-3. Shibunrui -- 4-10. Rangai shorui -- 11-12. Genshi shiroku -- 13-14. Fukureki.
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  5.  28
    Spacetime in String Theory: A Conceptual Clarification.Keizo Matsubara & Lars-Göran Johansson - 2018 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 49 (3):333-353.
    In this paper, some conceptual issues are addressed in order to make sense of what string theory is supposed to tell us about spacetime. The dualities in string theory are used as a starting point for our argumentation. We explore the consequences of a standard view towards these dualities, namely that the dual descriptions represent the same physical situation. Given this view, one has to understand string theory in a manner such that what counts as physical spacetime is based only (...)
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  6.  1
    On Predictions and Explanations in Multiverse Scenarios.Keizo Matsubara - 2018 - In Antonio Piccolomini D’Aragona, Martin Carrier, Roger Deulofeu, Axel Gelfert, Jens Harbecke, Paul Hoyningen-Huene, Lara Huber, Peter Hucklenbroich, Ludger Jansen, Elizaveta Kostrova, Keizo Matsubara, Anne Sophie Meincke, Andrea Reichenberger, Kian Salimkhani & Javier Suárez (eds.), Philosophy of Science: Between the Natural Sciences, the Social Sciences, and the Humanities. Springer Verlag. pp. 43-54.
    Many contemporary physicists suggest that we should take the claim that we live in a multiverse seriously. When doing this they often invoke arguments based on the controversial anthropic principle. Critics argue that this leads to untestable and unscientific theories. In this paper criteria are suggested that need to be satisfied before a multiverse theory should be considered scientifically respectable. One important point is that the multiverse is described in sufficient detail. In some cases, a multiverse theory can be testable; (...)
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  7.  65
    Illusion of Sense of Self-Agency: Discrepancy Between the Predicted and Actual Sensory Consequences of Actions Modulates the Sense of Self-Agency, but Not the Sense of Self-Ownership.Atsushi Sato & Asako Yasuda - 2005 - Cognition 94 (3):241-255.
  8.  57
    The Confucian Quest for Order: The Origin and Formation of the Political Thought of Xun Zi.Masayuki Sato - 2003 - Brill.
    Dr. Sato's volume deals with the origin and formation of the political thought of pre-imperial Xun Zi, with close focus on this synthesizer's formative theory ...
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  9.  12
    Facial Expressions of Basic Emotions in Japanese Laypeople.Wataru Sato, Sylwia Hyniewska, Kazusa Minemoto & Sakiko Yoshikawa - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  10.  31
    Both Motor Prediction and Conceptual Congruency Between Preview and Action-Effect Contribute to Explicit Judgment of Agency.Atsushi Sato - 2009 - Cognition 110 (1):74-83.
  11. String Theory and General Methodology: A Mutual Evaluation.Lars-Göran Johansson & Keizo Matsubara - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 42 (3):199-210.
    String theory has been the dominating research field in theoretical physics during the last decades. Despite the considerable time elapse, no new testable predictions have been derived by string theorists and it is understandable that doubts have been voiced. Some people have argued that it is time to give up since testability is wanting. But the majority has not been convinced and they continue to believe that string theory is the right way to go. This situation is interesting for philosophy (...)
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  12.  49
    Spontaneous Facial Mimicry in Response to Dynamic Facial Expressions.Wataru Sato & Sakiko Yoshikawa - 2007 - Cognition 104 (1):1-18.
  13.  16
    A Note on Predicative Ordinal Analysis I: Iterated Comprehension and Transfinite Induction.Sato Kentaro - 2019 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 84 (1):226-265.
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  14.  27
    The Strength of Extensionality II—Weak Weak Set Theories Without Infinity.Kentaro Sato - 2011 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 162 (8):579-646.
    By obtaining several new results on Cook-style two-sorted bounded arithmetic, this paper measures the strengths of the axiom of extensionality and of other weak fundamental set-theoretic axioms in the absence of the axiom of infinity, following the author’s previous work [K. Sato, The strength of extensionality I — weak weak set theories with infinity, Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 157 234–268] which measures them in the presence. These investigations provide a uniform framework in which three different kinds of (...)
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  15.  11
    Brief Report the Dynamic Aspects of Emotional Facial Expressions.Wataru Sato & Sakiko Yoshikawa - 2004 - Cognition and Emotion 18 (5):701-710.
  16.  24
    Grammatical Gender Affects Gender Perception: Evidence for the Structural-Feedback Hypothesis.Sayaka Sato & Panos Athanasopoulos - 2018 - Cognition 176:220-231.
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  17.  43
    Action Observation Modulates Auditory Perception of the Consequence of Others' Actions.Atsushi Sato - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (4):1219-1227.
    We can easily discriminate self-produced from externally generated sensory signals. Recent studies suggest that the prediction of the sensory consequences of one’s own actions made by forward model can be used to attenuate the sensory effects of self-produced movements, thereby enabling a differentiation of the self-produced sensation from the externally generated one. The present study showed that attenuation of sensation occurred both when participants themselves performed a goal-directed action and when they observed experimenter performing the same action, although they clearly (...)
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  18. The Dynamic Aspects of Emotional Facial Expressions.Wataru Sato & Sakiko Yoshikawa - 2004 - Cognition and Emotion 18 (5):701-710.
  19.  42
    How Diagrams Can Support Syllogistic Reasoning: An Experimental Study.Yuri Sato & Koji Mineshima - 2015 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 24 (4):409-455.
    This paper explores the question of what makes diagrammatic representations effective for human logical reasoning, focusing on how Euler diagrams support syllogistic reasoning. It is widely held that diagrammatic representations aid intuitive understanding of logical reasoning. In the psychological literature, however, it is still controversial whether and how Euler diagrams can aid untrained people to successfully conduct logical reasoning such as set-theoretic and syllogistic reasoning. To challenge the negative view, we build on the findings of modern diagrammatic logic and introduce (...)
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  20.  5
    Flexing Gender Perception: Brain Potentials Reveal the Cognitive Permeability of Grammatical Information.Sayaka Sato, Aina Casaponsa & Panos Athanasopoulos - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (9).
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  21.  12
    Ordinal analyses for monotone and cofinal transfinite inductions.Kentaro Sato - 2020 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 59 (3-4):277-291.
    We consider two variants of transfinite induction, one with monotonicity assumption on the predicate and one with the induction hypothesis only for cofinally many below. The latter can be seen as a transfinite analogue of the successor induction, while the usual transfinite induction is that of cumulative induction. We calculate the supremum of ordinals along which these schemata for \ formulae are provable in \. It is shown to be larger than the proof-theoretic ordinal \ by power of base 2. (...)
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  22.  62
    Structural Neural Substrates of Reading the Mind in the Eyes.Wataru Sato, Takanori Kochiyama, Shota Uono, Reiko Sawada, Yasutaka Kubota, Sayaka Yoshimura & Motomi Toichi - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  23.  47
    The Case of the Missing Pronouns: Does Mentally Simulated Perspective Play a Functional Role in the Comprehension of Person?Manami Sato & Benjamin K. Bergen - 2013 - Cognition 127 (3):361-374.
  24.  12
    Full and Hat Inductive Definitions Are Equivalent in NBG.Kentaro Sato - 2015 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 54 (1-2):75-112.
    A new research project has, quite recently, been launched to clarify how different, from systems in second order number theory extending ACA0, those in second order set theory extending NBG are. In this article, we establish the equivalence between Δ01-LFP\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\Delta^1_0\mbox{\bf-LFP}}$$\end{document} and Δ01-FP\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\Delta^1_0\mbox{\bf-FP}}$$\end{document}, which assert the existence of a least and of a fixed point, respectively, for positive elementary operators. Our proof also shows (...)
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  25.  24
    A Cut-Free Gentzen-Type System for the Modal Logic S.Masahiko Sato - 1980 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 45 (1):67-84.
  26.  25
    The Strength of Extensionality I—Weak Weak Set Theories with Infinity.Kentaro Sato - 2009 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 157 (2-3):234-268.
    We measure, in the presence of the axiom of infinity, the proof-theoretic strength of the axioms of set theory which make the theory look really like a “theory of sets”, namely, the axiom of extensionality Ext, separation axioms and the axiom of regularity Reg . We first introduce a weak weak set theory as a base over which to clarify the strength of these axioms. We then prove the following results about proof-theoretic ordinals:1. and ,2. and . We also show (...)
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  27.  23
    Forcing Under Anti‐Foundation Axiom: An Expression of the Stalks.Sato Kentaro - 2006 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 52 (3):295-314.
    We introduce a new simple way of defining the forcing method that works well in the usual setting under FA, the Foundation Axiom, and moreover works even under Aczel's AFA, the Anti-Foundation Axiom. This new way allows us to have an intuition about what happens in defining the forcing relation. The main tool is H. Friedman's method of defining the extensional membership relation ∈ by means of the intensional membership relation ε .Analogously to the usual forcing and the usual generic (...)
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  28. Reference in the Land of the Rising Sun: A Cross-Cultural Study on the Reference of Proper Names.Justin Sytsma, Jonathan Livengood, Ryoji Sato & Mineki Oguchi - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (2):213-230.
    A standard methodology in philosophy of language is to use intuitions as evidence. Machery, Mallon, Nichols, and Stich challenged this methodology with respect to theories of reference by presenting empirical evidence that intuitions about one prominent example from the literature on the reference of proper names vary between Westerners and East Asians. In response, Sytsma and Livengood conducted experiments to show that the questions Machery and colleagues asked participants in their study were ambiguous, and that this ambiguity affected the responses (...)
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  29.  34
    Structural Correlates of Reading the Mind in the Eyes in Autism Spectrum Disorder.Wataru Sato, Shota Uono, Takanori Kochiyama, Sayaka Yoshimura, Reiko Sawada, Yasutaka Kubota, Morimitsu Sakihama & Motomi Toichi - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  30.  63
    Proper Semantics for Substructural Logics, From a Stalker Theoretic Point of View.Sato Kentaro - 2008 - Studia Logica 88 (2):295-324.
    We study filters in residuated structures that are associated with congruence relations (which we call -filters), and develop a semantical theory for general substructural logics based on the notion of primeness for those filters. We first generalize Stone’s sheaf representation theorem to general substructural logics and then define the primeness of -filters as being “points” (or stalkers) of the space, the spectrum, on which the representing sheaf is defined. Prime FL-filters will turn out to coincide with truth sets under various (...)
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  31.  33
    Intersubjective Action-Effect Binding: Eye Contact Modulates Acquisition of Bidirectional Association Between Our and Others' Actions.Atsushi Sato & Shoji Itakura - 2013 - Cognition 127 (3):383-390.
  32.  12
    Relative Predicativity and Dependent Recursion in Second-Order Set Theory and Higher-Order Theories.Sato Kentaro - 2014 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 79 (3):712-732.
  33.  15
    Neural Mechanisms Underlying Conscious and Unconscious Gaze-Triggered Attentional Orienting in Autism Spectrum Disorder.Wataru Sato, Takanori Kochiyama, Shota Uono, Sayaka Yoshimura & Motomi Toichi - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  34.  22
    One Word at a Time: Mental Representations of Object Shape Change Incrementally During Sentence Processing.Manami Sato, Amy J. Schafer & Benjamin K. Bergen - 2013 - Language and Cognition 5 (4):345-373.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Language and Cognition - An Interdisciplinary Journal of Language and Cognitive Science Jahrgang: 5 Heft: 4 Seiten: 345-373.
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  35.  29
    A New Model Construction by Making a Detour Via Intuitionistic Theories I: Operational Set Theory Without Choice is Π 1 -Equivalent to KP.Kentaro Sato & Rico Zumbrunnen - 2015 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 166 (2):121-186.
  36.  10
    Gauging the Impact of Gender Grammaticization in Different Languages: Application of a Linguistic-Visual Paradigm.Sayaka Sato, Pascal M. Gygax & Ute Gabriel - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  37. East Asian Science. Tradition and Beyond.Keizo Hashimoto, Catherine Jami, Lowell Skar & T. Morris-Suzuki - 1997 - Annals of Science 54 (5):529-529.
     
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  38.  57
    A Defence of String Theory: Richard Dawid: String Theory and the Scientific Method. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013, X+202pp, $90.25, £52.81 HB. [REVIEW]Keizo Matsubara - 2015 - Metascience 24 (2):189-194.
    String theory has been very influential within theoretical physics for the past few decades. It is the most popular attempt to solve the problem of formulating a viable theory of quantum gravity. Furthermore, it also unifies the other fundamental forces within one theoretical framework. In string theory, it is assumed that what before was thought to be point particles should really be seen as one-dimensional extended entities, i.e. strings. Different particles are supposed to correspond to various vibrational patterns of the (...)
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  39.  27
    A Global Perspective of Ethics in Business.Keizo Yamaji - 1997 - Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (3):55-70.
    Business ethics should not just be a corporate code, but be implemented in the line of business as a corporate philosophy. As anexample of the above, I would like to present corporate activities of Canon, Inc. based on the “Kyosei” Initiative which I directed, especially its global development. I would like to show that these activities are ahead of the times and result in great prosperity of a corporation, and to tell my dream to increase corporations which take the same (...)
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  40.  92
    Public Appraisal of Government Efforts and Participation Intent in Medico-Ethical Policymaking in Japan: A Large Scale National Survey Concerning Brain Death and Organ Transplant. [REVIEW]Hajime Sato, Akira Akabayashi & Ichiro Kai - 2005 - BMC Medical Ethics 6 (1):1-12.
    Public satisfaction with policy process influences the legitimacy and acceptance of policies, and conditions the future political process, especially when contending ethical value judgments are involved. On the other hand, public involvement is required if effective policy is to be developed and accepted.
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  41.  15
    A New Model Construction by Making a Detour Via Intuitionistic Theories II: Interpretability Lower Bound of Feferman's Explicit Mathematics T 0.Kentaro Sato - 2015 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 166 (7-8):800-835.
  42. Undecidability in the Imitation Game.Y. Sato & T. Ikegami - 2004 - Minds and Machines 14 (2):133-43.
    This paper considers undecidability in the imitation game, the so-called Turing Test. In the Turing Test, a human, a machine, and an interrogator are the players of the game. In our model of the Turing Test, the machine and the interrogator are formalized as Turing machines, allowing us to derive several impossibility results concerning the capabilities of the interrogator. The key issue is that the validity of the Turing test is not attributed to the capability of human or machine, but (...)
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  43.  46
    Did Xunzi's Theory of Human Nature Provide the Foundation for the Political Thought of Han Fei?Masayuki Sato - 2013 - In Paul R. Goldin (ed.), Dao Companion to the Philosophy of Han Fei. Springer. pp. 147--165.
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  44.  22
    Edmund Burke's Ideas on Historical Change.Sora Sato - 2014 - History of European Ideas 40 (5):675-692.
    Burke's view of history is an aspect of his thought that has been largely neglected by scholars, despite the wide recognition of its importance. In Burke's view, history, led by providence and by a human nature designed by God, is necessarily progressive. It is, nevertheless, human beings who are largely responsible for building their nations. A variety of civilisations could be generated if people governed a nation in harmony with its peculiar manners and circumstances. Nations can, however, be unstable, because (...)
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  45.  16
    Double Helix in Large Large Cardinals and Iteration of Elementary Embeddings.Kentaro Sato - 2007 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 146 (2):199-236.
    We consider iterations of general elementary embeddings and, using this notion, point out helices of consistency-wise implications between large large cardinals.Up to now, large cardinal properties have been considered as properties which cannot be accessed by any weaker properties and it has been known that, with respect to this relation, they form a proper hierarchy. The helices we point out significantly change this situation: the same sequence of large cardinal properties occurs repeatedly, changing only the parameters.As results of our investigation (...)
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  46.  9
    Enhanced Subliminal Emotional Responses to Dynamic Facial Expressions.Wataru Sato, Yasutaka Kubota & Motomi Toichi - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  47.  12
    NFEapproximation for the E/a Determination for 3d-Transition Metal Elements and Their Intermetallic Compounds with Al and Zn.H. Sato, M. Inukai, E. S. Zijlstra & U. Mizutani - 2013 - Philosophical Magazine 93 (22):3029-3061.
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  48.  19
    Assessing Acute Stress with the Implicit Association Test.Hirotsune Sato & Jun-Ichiro Kawahara - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (1):129-135.
  49.  22
    Magnetic Excitations in the Crystalline and Quasicrystalline Zn–Mg–Ho Phases.T. J. Sato & A. P. Tsai - 2007 - Philosophical Magazine 87 (18-21):2939-2946.
  50.  17
    Facial Feedback Affects Valence Judgments of Dynamic and Static Emotional Expressions.Sylwia Hyniewska & Wataru Sato - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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