Results for 'Paul M. Hocking'

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  1. The Blind Hens' Challenge: Does It Undermine the View That Only Welfare Matters in Our Dealings with Animals?Peter Sandøe, Paul M. Hocking, Bjorn Förkman, Kirsty Haldane, Helle H. Kristensen & Clare Palmer - 2014 - Environmental Values 23 (6):727-742.
    Animal ethicists have recently debated the ethical questions raised by disenhancing animals to improve their welfare. Here, we focus on the particular case of breeding hens for commercial egg-laying systems to become blind, in order to benefit their welfare. Many people find breeding blind hens intuitively repellent, yet ‘welfare-only’ positions appear to be committed to endorsing this possibility if it produces welfare gains. We call this the ‘Blind Hens’ Challenge’. In this paper, we argue that there are both empirical and (...)
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  2. Matter and Consciousness: A Contemporary Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind.Paul M. Churchland - 1984 - MIT Press.
    The Mind-Body Problem Questions: What is the mind? What is its connection to the body? Most basic division of answers: Dualist and Materialist (or Physicalist) responses.
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  3. Scientific Realism and the Plasticity of Mind.Paul M. Churchland - 1979 - Cambridge University Press.
    The present essay is addressed simultaneously to two distinct audiences.
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  4. A Neurocomputational Perspective: The Nature of Mind and the Structure of Science.Paul M. Churchland - 1989 - MIT Press.
    A Neurocomputationial Perspective illustrates the fertility of the concepts and data drawn from the study of the brain and of artificial networks that model the...
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  5. Eliminative Materialism and Propositional Attitudes.Paul M. Churchland - 1981 - Journal of Philosophy 78 (2):67-90.
    This article describes a theory of the computations underlying the selection of coordinated motion patterns, especially in reaching tasks. The central idea is that when a spatial target is selected as an object to be reached, stored postures are evaluated for the contributions they can make to the task. Weights are assigned to the stored postures, and a single target posture is found by taking a weighted sum of the stored postures. Movement is achieved by reducing the distance between the (...)
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  6.  24
    Paul M. Byrne 1916-1974.Mrs Paul M. Byrne - 1973 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 47:213 - 214.
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  7. Reduction, Qualia and the Direct Introspection of Brain States.Paul M. Churchland - 1985 - Journal of Philosophy 82 (January):8-28.
  8.  72
    Matter and Consciousness.Paul M. Churchland - 1985 - MIT Press.
    In _Matter and Consciousness_, Paul Churchland presents a concise and contemporary overview of the philosophical issues surrounding the mind and explains the main theories and philosophical positions that have been proposed to solve them. Making the case for the relevance of theoretical and experimental results in neuroscience, cognitive science, and artificial intelligence for the philosophy of mind, Churchland reviews current developments in the cognitive sciences and offers a clear and accessible account of the connections to philosophy of mind. For (...)
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  9. The Engine of Reason, the Seat of the Soul: A Philosophical Journey Into the Brain.Paul M. Churchland - 1995 - MIT Press.
    For the uninitiated, there are two major tendencies in the modeling of human cognition. The older, tradtional school believes, in essence, that full human cognition can be modeled by dividing the world up into distinct entities -- called __symbol s__-- such as “dog”, “cat”, “run”, “bite”, “happy”, “tumbleweed”, and so on, and then manipulating this vast set of symbols by a very complex and very subtle set of rules. The opposing school claims that this system, while it might be good (...)
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  10.  98
    The Information Capacity of the Human Motor System in Controlling the Amplitude of Movement.Paul M. Fitts - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (6):381.
  11.  35
    Plato's Camera: How the Physical Brain Captures a Landscape of Abstract Universals.Paul M. Churchland - 2012 - MIT Press.
    In _ Plato's Camera_, eminent philosopher Paul Churchland offers a novel account of how the brain constructs a representation -- or "takes a picture" -- of the universe's timeless categorical and dynamical structure. This construction process, which begins at birth, yields the enduring background conceptual framework with which we will interpret our sensory experience for the rest of our lives. But, as even Plato knew, to make singular perceptual judgments requires that we possess an antecedent framework of abstract categories (...)
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  12. Perceptual Plasticity and Theoretical Neutrality: A Reply to Jerry Fodor.Paul M. Churchland - 1988 - Philosophy of Science 55 (June):167-87.
    The doctrine that the character of our perceptual knowledge is plastic, and can vary substantially with the theories embraced by the perceiver, has been criticized in a recent paper by Fodor. His arguments are based on certain experimental facts and theoretical approaches in cognitive psychology. My aim in this paper is threefold: to show that Fodor's views on the impenetrability of perceptual processing do not secure a theory-neutral foundation for knowledge; to show that his views on impenetrability are almost certainly (...)
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  13. A Taxonomy for the Mereology of Entangled Quantum Systems.Paul M. Näger & Niko Strobach - manuscript
    The emerging field of quantum mereology considers part-whole relations in quantum systems. Entangled quantum systems pose a peculiar problem in the field, since their total states are not reducible to that of their parts. While there exist several established proposals for modelling entangled systems, like monistic holism or relational holism, there is considerable unclarity, which further positions are available. Using the lambda operator and plural logic as formal tools, we review and develop conceivable models and evaluate their consistency and distinctness. (...)
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  14. Functionalism, Qualia and Intentionality.Paul M. Churchland & Patricia Smith Churchland - 1981 - Philosophical Topics 12 (1):121-145.
  15. The Character of Natural Language Semantics.Paul M. Pietroski - 2003 - In Alex Barber (ed.), Epistemology of Language. Oxford University Press. pp. 217--256.
    Paul M. Pietroski, University of Maryland I had heard it said that Chomsky’s conception of language is at odds with the truth-conditional program in semantics. Some of my friends said it so often that the point—or at least a point—finally sunk in.
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  16. Folk Psychology and the Explanation of Human Behavior.Paul M. Churchland - 1988 - Philosophical Perspectives 3:225-241.
  17.  12
    Plato's Camera: How the Physical Brain Captures a Landscape of Abstract Universals.Paul M. Churchland - 2013 - MIT Press.
    In _ Plato's Camera_, eminent philosopher Paul Churchland offers a novel account of how the brain constructs a representation -- or "takes a picture" -- of the universe's timeless categorical and dynamical structure. This construction process, which begins at birth, yields the enduring background conceptual framework with which we will interpret our sensory experience for the rest of our lives. But, as even Plato knew, to make singular perceptual judgments requires that we possess an antecedent framework of abstract categories (...)
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  18. Functionalism at Forty: A Critical Retrospective.Paul M. Churchland - 2005 - Journal of Philosophy 102 (1):33 - 50.
  19.  58
    Events and Semantic Architecture.Paul M. Pietroski - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    A study of how syntax relates to meaning by a leader of the new generation of philosopher-linguists.
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  20. Some Reductive Strategies in Cognitive Neurobiology.Paul M. Churchland - 1986 - Mind 95 (July):279-309.
  21. Could a Machine Think?Paul M. Churchland & Patricia S. Churchland - 1990 - Scientific American 262 (1):32-37.
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  22. Stalking the Wild Epistemic Engine.Paul M. Churchland & Patricia S. Churchland - 1983 - Noûs 17 (1):5-18.
  23.  20
    Information Capacity of Discrete Motor Responses.Paul M. Fitts & James R. Peterson - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (2):103.
  24. The Logical Character of Action-Explanations.Paul M. Churchland - 1970 - Philosophical Review 79 (2):214-236.
  25. Pornography: Marxism, Feminism, and the Future of Sexuality.Paul M. Hughes - 1988 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 23 (2):106-107.
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  26.  38
    A Narrow Path From Meanings to Contents.Paul M. Pietroski - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 178 (9):3027-3035.
    In this comment on Yli-Vakkuri and Hawthorne's illuminating book, Narrow Content, I address some issues related to externalist conceptions of linguistic meaning.
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  27.  70
    On the Contrary: Critical Essays, 1987-1997.Paul M. Churchland & Patricia Smith Churchland - 1998 - Cambridge: MIT Press.
    This collection was prepared in the belief that the most useful and revealing of anyone's writings are often those shorter essays penned in conflict with...
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  28.  67
    S-R Compatibility: Spatial Characteristics of Stimulus and Response Codes.Paul M. Fitts & Charles M. Seeger - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 46 (3):199.
  29. Prima Facie Obligations, Ceteris Paribus Laws in Moral Theory.Paul M. Pietroski - 1993 - Ethics 103 (3):489-515.
  30.  30
    Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback: How and Why Does It Work?Paul M. Lehrer & Richard Gevirtz - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  31. Knowing Qualia: A Reply to Jackson.Paul M. Churchland - 1989 - In Yujin Nagasawa, Peter Ludlow & Daniel Stoljar (eds.), A Neurocomputational Perspective. MIT Press. pp. 163--178.
  32.  62
    Think of the Children.Paul M. Pietroski - 2008 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (4):657 – 669.
    Often, the deepest disagreements are about starting points, and which considerations are relevant.
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  33. Matters of Mind: Consciousness, Reason, and Nature.Paul M. Pietroski - 2002 - Mind 111 (442):488-491.
  34. Meaning Before Truth.Paul M. Pietroski - 2005 - In Gerhard Preyer & Georg Peter (eds.), Contextualism in Philosophy: Knowledge, Meaning, and Truth. Oxford University Press.
     
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  35. Philosophical History and the Problem of Consciousness.Paul M. Livingston - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    The problem of explaining consciousness remains a problem about the meaning of language: the ordinary language of consciousness in which we define and express our sensations, thoughts, dreams and memories. This book argues that the problem arises from a quest that has taken shape over the twentieth century, and that the analysis of history provides new resources for understanding and resolving it. Paul Livingston traces the development of the characteristic practices of analytic philosophy to problems about the relationship of (...)
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  36.  58
    S-R Compatibility: Correspondence Among Paired Elements Within Stimulus and Response Codes.Paul M. Fitts & Richard L. Deininger - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (6):483.
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  37. Chimerical Colors: Some Phenomenological Predictions From Cognitive Neuroscience.Paul M. Churchland - 2005 - Philosophical Psychology 18 (5):527-560.
    The Hurvich-Jameson (H-J) opponent-process network offers a familiar account of the empirical structure of the phenomenological color space for humans, an account with a number of predictive and explanatory virtues. Its successes form the bulk of the existing reasons for suggesting a strict identity between our various color sensations on the one hand, and our various coding vectors across the color-opponent neurons in our primary visual pathways on the other. But anti-reductionists standardly complain that the systematic parallels discovered by the (...)
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  38.  8
    Causing Actions.Paul M. Pietroski - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    Paul Pietroski presents an original philosophical theory of actions and their mental causes. We often act for reasons: we deliberate and choose among options, based on our beliefs and desires. However, bodily motions always have biochemical causes, so it can seem that thinking and acting are biochemical processes. Pietroski argues that thoughts and deeds are in fact distinct from, though dependent on, underlying biochemical processes within persons.
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  39. On the Reality (and Diversity) of Objective Colors: How Color‐Qualia Space is a Map of Reflectance‐Profile Space.Paul M. Churchland - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (2):119-149.
    How, if at all, does the internal structure of human phenomenological color space map onto the internal structure of objective reflectance‐profile space, in such a fashion as to provide a useful and accurate representation of that objective feature space? A prominent argument (due to Hardin, among others) proposes to eliminate colors as real, objective properties of objects, on grounds that nothing in the external world (and especially not surface‐reflectance‐profiles) answers to the well‐known and quite determinate internal structure of human phenomenological (...)
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  40.  15
    The Engine of Reason, the Seat of Soul: A Philosophical Journey Into the Brain.Paul M. Churchland - 1998 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 58 (4):885-892.
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  41.  88
    On the Nature of Theories: A Neurocomputational Perspective.Paul M. Churchland - 1989 - Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science 14:59--101.
  42. Matter and Consciousness: A Contemporary Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind.Paul M. Churchland - 1985 - Mind 94 (374):306-307.
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  43.  27
    Causal Graphs for EPR Experiments.Paul M. Näger - 2013 - Preprint.
    We examine possible causal structures of experiments with entangled quantum objects. Previously, these structures have been obscured by assuming a misleading probabilistic analysis of quantum non locality as 'Outcome Dependence or Parameter Dependence' and by directly associating these correlations with influences. Here we try to overcome these shortcomings: we proceed from a recent stronger Bell argument, which provides an appropriate probabilistic description, and apply the rigorous methods of causal graph theory. Against the standard view that there is only an influence (...)
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  44.  38
    Conceptual Similarity Across Sensory and Neural Diversity: The Fodor/Lepore Challenge Answered.Paul M. Churchland - 1998 - Journal of Philosophy 95 (1):5.
  45.  64
    Cognitive Neurobiology: A Computational Hypothesis for Laminar Cortex. [REVIEW]Paul M. Churchland - 1986 - Biology and Philosophy 1 (1):25-51.
    This paper outlines the functional capacities of a novel scheme for cognitive representation and computation, and it explores the possible implementation of this scheme in the massively parallel organization of the empirical brain. The suggestion is that the brain represents reality by means of positions in suitably constitutes phase spaces; and the brain performs computations on these representations by means of coordinate transformations from one phase space to another. This scheme may be implemented in the brain in two distinct forms: (...)
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  46. Conceptual Similarity Across Sensory and Neural Diversity: The Fodor/Lepore Challenge Answered.Paul M. Churchland - 1998 - Journal of Philosophy 95 (1):5-32.
  47. The Rediscovery of Light.Paul M. Churchland - 1996 - Journal of Philosophy 93 (5):211-28.
  48. Concepts, Meanings and Truth: First Nature, Second Nature and Hard Work.Paul M. Pietroski - 2010 - Mind and Language 25 (3):247-278.
    I argue that linguistic meanings are instructions to build monadic concepts that lie between lexicalizable concepts and truth-evaluable judgments. In acquiring words, humans use concepts of various adicities to introduce concepts that can be fetched and systematically combined via certain conjunctive operations, which require monadic inputs. These concepts do not have Tarskian satisfaction conditions. But they provide bases for refinements and elaborations that can yield truth-evaluable judgments. Constructing mental sentences that are true or false requires cognitive work, not just an (...)
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  49. Intertheoretic Reduction: A Neuroscientist's Field Guide.Paul M. Churchland & Patricia S. Churchland - 1992 - In Y. Christen & P. S. Churchland (eds.), Neurophilosophy and Alzheimer's Disease. Cambridge: Springer Verlag. pp. 18--29.
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    Spikes Not Slots: Noise in Neural Populations Limits Working Memory.Paul M. Bays - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (8):431-438.
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