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  1. added 2018-12-30
    Relationships and Events: Towards a General Theory of Reification and Truthmaking.Nicola Guarino & Giancarlo Guizzardi - 2016 - In Advances in Artificial Intelligence: Proceedings of the 15th International Conference of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence. pp. 237-249.
    We propose a novel ontological analysis of relations and relationships based on a re-visitation of a classic problem in the practice of knowledge repre- sentation and conceptual modeling, namely relationship reification. Our idea is that a relation holds in virtue of a relationship's existence. Relationships are therefore truthmakers of relations. In this paper we present a general theory or reification and truthmaking, and discuss the interplay between events and rela- tionships, suggesting that relationships are the focus of events, which emerge (...)
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  2. added 2018-11-20
    Event Concepts.Roberto Casati & Achille C. Varzi - 2008 - In Thomas F. Shipley & Jeffrey M. Zacks (eds.), Understanding Events: From Perception to Action. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 31–54.
    This chapter analyzes the concept of an event and of event representation as an umbrella notion. It provides an overview of different ways events have been dealt with in philosophy, linguistics, and cognitive science. This variety of positions has been construed in part as the result of different descriptive and explanatory projects. It is argued that various types of notions — common-sense, theoretically revised, scientific, and internalist psychological — be kept apart.
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  3. added 2018-11-13
    Attitudinal Objects: Their Ontology and Importance for Philosophy and Natural Language Semantics.Friederike Moltmann - forthcoming - In Brian Brian & Christoph Schuringa (eds.), Judgment. Act and Object. Routledge Studies in Contemporary Philosophy. Routledge.
    This paper argues for the philosophical and semantic importance of attitudinal objects, entities such as judgments, claims, beliefs, demands, and desires, as an ontological category distinct from that of events and states and from that of propositions. The paper presents significant revisions and refinements of the notion of an attitudinal object as it was developed in my previous work.
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  4. added 2018-10-10
    How to Identify Negative Actions with Positive Events.Jonathan D. Payton - 2018 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 96 (1):87-101.
    It is often assumed that, while ordinary actions are events, ‘negative actions’ are absences of events. I claim that a negative action is an ordinary, ‘positive’ event that plays a certain role. I argue that my approach can answer standard objections to the identity of negative actions and positive events.
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  5. added 2018-10-10
    Extended Review of Sandford Kwinter's' Architectures of Time: Towards a Theory of the Event in Modernist Culture'.Jeremy Till - 2002 - Radical Philosophy 113:47-48.
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  6. added 2018-10-10
    Karl Pfeifer, Actions and Other Events: The Unifier-Multiplier Controversy Reviewed By.Kenneth Rankin - 1992 - Philosophy in Review 12 (2):133-135.
  7. added 2018-10-10
    On Constructing Instants From Events.S. K. Thomason - 1984 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 13 (1):85 - 96.
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  8. added 2018-10-10
    Activities and Performances Considered as Objects and Events.Joy H. Roberts - 1979 - Philosophical Studies 35 (2):171 - 185.
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  9. added 2018-10-10
    Predictions of Events.Richard K. Scheer - 1967 - Philosophical Quarterly 17 (68):257-261.
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  10. added 2018-10-09
    Hot Stuff.Paul Needham - 2000 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 76:421-446.
    Are there events? If so, how are they to be conceived? A line of argument motivating ontological commitment to what I prefer to call processes is presented, drawing primarily on the development of the elementary understanding of thermal processes, but pointing to a broader view by analogical extension. Suggestions are made for an approach to the mereological structure of processes, and some comments are offered of linguistic distinctions sometimes applied to processes and to modal features of events mentioned in the (...)
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  11. added 2018-09-26
    An Inchoate Universe: James's Probabilistic Underdeterminism.Kyle Bromhall - 2018 - William James Studies 14 (1):54-83.
    In this paper, I challenge the traditional narrative that William James’s arguments against determinism were primarily motivated by his personal struggles with depression. I argue that James presents an alternative argument against determinism that is motivated by his commitment to sound scientific practice. James argues that determinism illegitimately extrapolates from observations of past events to predictions about future events without acknowledging the distinct metaphysical difference between them. This occupation with futurity suggests that James’s true target is better understood as logical (...)
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  12. added 2018-09-07
    Omissions as Events and Actions.Kenneth Silver - 2018 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 4 (1):33-48.
    We take ourselves to be able to omit to perform certain actions and to be at times responsible for these omissions. Moreover, omissions seem to have effects and to be manifestations of our agency. So, it is natural to think that omissions must be events. However, very few people writing on this topic have been willing to argue that omissions are events. Such a view is taken to face three significant challenges: (i) omissions are thought to be somehow problematically negative, (...)
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  13. added 2018-08-16
    Are There States of Affairs? Yes.Daniel Nolan - 2017 - In Elizabeth Barnes (ed.), Current Controversies in Metaphysics. New York: Routledge Press. pp. 81-91.
    This paper makes a case that we should believe in the existence of worldly states of affairs.
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  14. added 2018-07-22
    Quine and Whitehead: Ontology and Methodology.Leemon McHenry - 1997 - Process Studies 26 (1/2):2-12.
    In this essay I make a case for a number of common themes between A. N. Whitehead and W. V. Quine in their approach to ontology. Both philosophers espoused a view of metaphysics as continuous with natural science and stressed the importance of physics in the development of ontology. As a consequence of the revolutionary developments in modern physics, both Whitehead and Quine contend that events are ontologically basic, but differ on the status of properties in their respective systems.
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  15. added 2018-07-21
    Descriptive and Revisionary Theories of Events.Leemon McHenry - 1996 - Process Studies 25:90-103.
    In this essay I examine the concept of an event within the context of P. F. Strawson's distinction between descriptive and revisionary metaphysics. As opposed to the linguistic treatment of events in the descriptive approach of Strawson and Donald Davidson, I make a case for the revisionary approach of A. N. Whitehead and W. V. Quine, according to which events are basic rather than dependent on substances.
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  16. added 2018-07-21
    Events and Their Names by Jonathan Bennett. [REVIEW]Leemon B. McHenry - 1989 - Review of Metaphysics 43 (1):148-149.
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  17. added 2018-07-20
    Whitehead and Russell on the Analysis of Matter.Leemon McHenry - 2017 - Review of Metaphysics 71:321-342.
    While Whitehead and Russell’s collaboration on the foundations of mathematics ended with the publication of Principia Mathematica, both philosophers separately developed a philosophy of physics in the 1920s that was based on the revolutionary advances in modern physics. This essay explores the affinities and contrasts in Whitehead and Russell’s event ontology as a metaphysical foundation of physics and demonstrates the influence of Whitehead’s method of extensive abstraction on Russell’s metaphysics and epistemology.
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  18. added 2018-07-20
    The Event Universe: The Revisionary Metaphysics of Alfred North Whitehead.Leemon McHenry - 2015 - Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press.
    In this monograph, I argue that Whitehead's metaphysics provides a more adequate basis for achieving a unification of physical theory than a traditional substance metaphysics. I investigates the influence of Maxwell's electromagnetic field, Einstein's theory of relativity and quantum mechanics on the development of the ontology of events and compares Whitehead’s theory to his contemporaries, C. D. Broad and Bertrand Russell, as well as another key proponent of this theory, W. V. Quine. In this manner, I defend the naturalized and (...)
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  19. added 2018-06-01
    Russell and the Temporal Contiguity of Causes and Effects.Graham Clay - 2018 - Erkenntnis 83 (6):1245-1264.
    There are some necessary conditions on causal relations that seem to be so trivial that they do not merit further inquiry. Many philosophers assume that the requirement that there could be no temporal gaps between causes and their effects is such a condition. Bertrand Russell disagrees. In this paper, an in-depth discussion of Russell’s argument against this necessary condition is the centerpiece of an analysis of what is at stake when one accepts or denies that there can be temporal gaps (...)
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  20. added 2018-06-01
    A Hermeneutic Phenomenology: The Death of the Other Understood as Event.Harris B. Bechtol - 2017 - Journal of Applied Hermeneutics 1 (1):1-14.
    This is a phenomenological description of what is happening when we experience the death of another that interprets surviving or living on after such death by employing the term event. This term of art from phenomenology and hermeneutics is used to describe a disruptive and transformative experience of singularity. I maintain that the death of the other is an experience of an event because such death is unpredictable or without a horizon of expectation, excessive or without any principle of sufficient (...)
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  21. added 2018-05-02
    The problem of ontological commitments in event semantics.Mikhail Smirnov - 2016 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 50 (4):135-150.
    The investigation is devoted to the problem of formal representation of logical structure and ontological commitments of natural language event sentences. The specificity of ontological commitments problem with regard to natural and formal languages is shown. The alternative approaches to the formal representation of event sentences are characterized with respect to their key features from formal logical and ontological points of view. The difference in the logical structure of sentences expressing events by verb phrases and by nominalization is depicted. The (...)
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  22. added 2018-04-17
    Sind Handlungssätze singuläre Kausalsätze?Geert Keil - 1999 - In Uwe Meixner & Peter M. Simons (eds.), Metaphysik im postmetaphysischen Zeitalter. pp. 305-311.
    Können Personen im Wortsinne die Ursache von etwas sein? Wer die Frage bejaht, möge ein Akteurskausalist heißen. Ereigniskausalisten hingegen lassen als Relata der Kausalrelation allein Ereignisse zu. Manche Akteurskausalisten, allen voran Kant und Chisholm, fassen die Verursachung durch Handelnde als eine Kausalität sui generis auf, die der gewöhnlichen Ereigniskausalität gleichberechtigt zur Seite zu stellen sei. Andere Akteurskausalisten, beispielsweise Aristoteles, scheinen lediglich eine liberalere Auffassung möglicher kausaler Relata zu haben, ohne für Akteure eine besondere Verursachungsart vorzusehen. Im folgenden möchte ich die (...)
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  23. added 2018-02-18
    The Plural Event: Descartes, Hegel, Heidegger.Andrew Benjamin - 1993 - Routledge.
    Benjamin provides new and important readings of key canonical texts in the history of philosophy in his sustained philosophical reworking of ontology. Amongst texts included are Hegel's _Difference Essay_ and the _Shorter Logic_ and Heidegger's _Time and Being_ and _The Question of Being_. The effective presence of ontology, defined as `an original difference', will be familiar to readers of his earlier writings. This book represents his most thorough and original contribution to contemporary philosophy to date.
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  24. added 2017-11-24
    Putting the World Back Into Semantics.Barry Smith - 1993 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 44:91-109.
    To what in reality do the logically simple sentences with empirical content correspond? Two extreme positions can be distinguished in this regard: 'Great Fact' theories, such as are defended by Davidson; and trope-theories, which see such sentences being made the simply by those events or states to which the relevant main verbs correspond. A position midway between these two extremes is defended, one according to which sentences of the given sort are made tme by what are called 'dependence structures', or (...)
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  25. added 2017-10-27
    Thinking in Transition: Nishida Kitaro and Martin Heidegger.Elmar Weinmayr, tr Krummel, John W. M. & Douglas Ltr Berger - 2005 - Philosophy East and West 55 (2):232-256.
    : Two major philosophers of the twentieth century, the German existential phenomenologist Martin Heidegger and the seminal Japanese Kyoto School philosopher Nishida Kitarō are examined here in an attempt to discern to what extent their ideas may converge. Both are viewed as expressing, each through the lens of his own tradition, a world in transition with the rise of modernity in the West and its subsequent globalization. The popularity of Heidegger's thought among Japanese philosophers, despite its own admitted limitation to (...)
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  26. added 2017-09-25
    On the Ontology of the Sacred (and the Profane).Raymond Aaron Younis - forthcoming - New York: Rowman & Littlefield.
  27. added 2017-08-24
    The Eucharistic Conquest of Time.Pavel Butakov - 2017 - Faith and Philosophy 34 (3):247-271.
    Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox theologians claim that the unique event of Christ’s sacrifice on Calvary is present in Eucharistic liturgies. A popular explanatory strategy for this miraculous presence suggests that due to its supernatural character the Eucharist “conquers time,” transcends its boundaries, and allows for temporal coincidence of two chronologically distant events. I discuss the four main approaches within this strategy that can be discovered in contemporary theological writings. The first approach implies a time travel of the Calvary event. (...)
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  28. added 2017-07-12
    JE Tiles, Things That Happen Reviewed By.Richard Feldman - 1983 - Philosophy in Review 3 (1):41-43.
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  29. added 2017-04-21
    Causation, Supervenience, and Method. Reflections on Jonathan Bennett's Events and Their Names.Keith Campbell - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (3):637-640.
  30. added 2017-01-25
    The Greatest Events.William E. Connolly - 2000 - Theory and Event 4 (3).
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  31. added 2017-01-23
    Power and Events.Joseph T. Clark - 1947 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 22 (3):533-538.
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  32. added 2017-01-22
    The Irreducibility of Events.Irving Thalberg - 1978 - Analysis 38 (1):1 - 9.
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  33. added 2017-01-19
    Particularism and the Spatial Location of Events.Marjorie Spear Price - 2008 - Philosophia 36 (1):129-140.
    According to the Particularist Theory of Events, events are real things that have a spatiotemporal location. I argue that some events do not have a spatial location in the sense required by the theory. These events are ordinary, nonmental events like Smith’s investigating the murder and Carol’s putting her coat on the chair. I discuss the significance of these counterexamples for the theory.
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  34. added 2017-01-19
    Objects and Events.Anthony Quinton - 1979 - Mind 88 (350):197-214.
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  35. added 2017-01-18
    Can Events Change?Cynthia Macdonald - 1981 - Philosophia 9 (3-4):317-329.
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  36. added 2017-01-17
    Do Events Have Their Parts Essentially?Paul R. Daniels & Dana Goswick - 2017 - Acta Analytica 32 (3):313-320.
    We argue that mereological essentialism for events is independent of mereological essentialism for objects, and that the philosophical fallout of embracing mereological essentialism for events is minimal. We first outline what we should consider to be the parts of events, and then highlight why one would naturally be inclined to think that the object-question and the event-question are linked. Then, we argue that they are not. We also diagnose why this is the case and emphasize the upshot. In particular, we (...)
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  37. added 2017-01-17
    Event Mining Through Clustering.T. V. Geetha & E. Umamaheswari - 2014 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 23 (1):59-73.
    Traditional document clustering algorithms consider text-based features such as unique word count, concept count, etc. to cluster documents. Meanwhile, event mining is the extraction of specific events, their related sub-events, and the associated semantic relations from documents. This work discusses an approach to event mining through clustering. The Universal Networking Language -based subgraph, a semantic representation of the document, is used as the input for clustering. Our research focuses on exploring the use of three different feature sets for event clustering (...)
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  38. added 2017-01-17
    Coarsening Brand on Events, While Proliferating Davidsonian Events.Mylan Engel Jr - 1994 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 47:155-183.
    A course-grained theory of event individuation is defended by arguing that events are spatiotemporal particulars with an ontological affinity to coarse-grained physical objects and by demonstrating that the metalinguistic correlate to one set of adequate identity conditions for events is most plausibly iterpreted as coarsely individuating events. Such coarse-grained events, it is argued, do admit of divisibility proliferation, much like the proliferation of physical objects entailed by Goodman's calculus of individuals. This coase-grained, divisibility proliferation account of events is then used (...)
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  39. added 2017-01-17
    Power and Events.Roderick M. Chisholm & Andrew Paul Ushenko - 1947 - Philosophical Review 56 (4):431.
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  40. added 2017-01-16
    A Formal Ontological Theory Based on Timeless Events.Gustavo E. Romero - forthcoming - Philosophia:1-16.
    I offer a formal ontological theory where the basic building blocks of the world are timeless events. The composition of events results in processes. Spacetime emerges as the system of all events. Things are construed as bundles of processes. I maintain that such a view is in accord with General Relativity and offers interesting prospects for the foundations of classical and quantum gravity.
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  41. added 2017-01-16
    Kim on Events.Simone Gozzano - 2015 - Metaphysica 16 (2).
    According to Kim, events are constituted by objects exemplifying property(ies) at a time. In this paper I wish to defend Kim's theory of events from one source of criticism, extending it by taking into account a number of ideas developed by Davidson. In particular, I shall try to avoid events proliferation – one of the most serious problems in Kim's theory – by using a suggestion Kim himself advances, that is, by taking adverbs and the like to be events' rather (...)
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  42. added 2017-01-16
    Developing the Theory of Events. Article One. A Didactic Experiment.Alexander Filippov - 2011 - Russian Sociological Review 10 (1 — 2):6-18.
    Theory of social events is a new attempt to create a general sociological theory. Now it should be better substantiated than it was done on the initial states of the research. One has to pay more attention to the different modes of use of the concept event in a few schools of sociological methodology.
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  43. added 2017-01-16
    Point-Defect Properties of, and Sputtering Events in, the {001} Surfaces of Ni3Al. II. Sputtering Events at and Near Surfaces. [REVIEW]W. S. Lai †, Y. N. Osetsky ‡ & D. J. Bacon * - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (16):1687-1700.
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  44. added 2017-01-15
    Modeling Events on the Semantic Web.Tomáš Hanzal - unknown
    There are many ontologies and datasets on the semantic web that mention events. Events are important in our perception of the world and in our descriptions of it, therefore also on the semantic web. There is however not one best way to model them. This is connected to the fact that even the question what events are can be approached in different ways. Our aim is to better understand how events are represented on the semantic web and how it could (...)
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  45. added 2017-01-14
    A Special Davidsonian Theory of Events.Keith Douglas - unknown
    What is an event? What sort of object are they? How is a given event distinguished from other events and other objects? This thesis on science oriented metaphysics will take Davidson's account of events as its starting point to answer the above questions. It will develop this conception of events into one that is consistent with the special theory of relativity by updating its notions of change, cause and property. The new concept of a proper property, a generalization of the (...)
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  46. added 2016-12-12
    Towards a More Plausible Exemplification Theory of Events.Noel Hendrickson - 2006 - Philosophical Studies 129 (2):349-375.
    Among the most well-known accounts of events is Jaegwon Kim’s exemplification theory, which identifies each event with a property exemplification. Two of the most influential rival event theorists have urged rejecting exemplificationism on the basis of the charge that it ultimately conflates events with facts [Lombard : Events: A Metaphysical Study. Routledge & Kegan Paul; Bennett :Events and their Names. Hackett Publishing Company]. In response, I offer a detailed examination of Lombard and Bennett’s arguments that exemplificationism undermines the event/fact distinction. (...)
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  47. added 2016-10-17
    L’avance de l’avenir.Anna Caterina Dalmasso - 2016 - Cités 66 (2):169.
  48. added 2016-08-02
    Events and Their Names.Leemon B. McHenry - 1989 - Review of Metaphysics 43 (1):148-149.
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  49. added 2016-08-02
    Events and “Logical Form”.Stephen Neale - 1988 - Linguistics and Philosophy 11 (3):303 - 321.
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  50. added 2016-06-04
    Objects and Events: Linguistic and Philosophical Notions of 'Thingness'.Rein Raud - 2002 - Asian Philosophy 12 (2):97 – 108.
    The article deals with the differences of the notion of 'object' or 'thing' in natural languages, concluding that some languages are by their structure more object-biased while others are more event-biased and proceeds to analyse how two common Japanese words, mono and koto , both meaning 'thing', have been treated in 20th-century Japanese thought, notably in the philosophical works of Watsuji Tetsurô, Ide Takashi, Hiromatsu Wataru and Kimura Bin. All of these thinkers represent different schools and trends (Watsuji could be (...)
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1 — 50 / 218