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  1. Shawneequa L. Callier, Christine Grady & Michael L. Gross (forthcoming). Herbert J. Bonifacio is an Adolescent. Hastings Center Report.
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  2. Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Christine Grady & Jerry Menikoff (forthcoming). Case Study: Is Longer Always Better? Hastings Center Report.
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  3. Sam Horng & Christine Grady (forthcoming). Misunderstanding in Clinical Research: Distinguishing Therapeutic Misconception, Therapeutic Misestimation, & Therapeutic Optimism. Irb.
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  4. Connie M. Ulrich, Gwenyth R. Wallen, Autumn Feister & Christine Grady (forthcoming). Respondent Burden in Clinical Research: When Are We Asking Too Much of Subjects? Irb.
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  5. Christine Grady (2013). Reflections on Two Decades of Bioethics: Where We Have Been and Where We Are Going. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (1):8-10.
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  6. Christine Grady & David Wendler (2013). Making the Transition to a Learning Health Care System. In Mildred Z. Solomon & Ann Bonham (eds.), Ethical Oversight of Learning Health Care Systems. Wiley-Blackwell. 32-33.
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  7. Emily Largent, Christine Grady, Franklin G. Miller & Alan Wertheimer (2013). Misconceptions About Coercion and Undue Influence: Reflections on the Views of Irb Members. Bioethics 27 (9):500-507.
    Payment to recruit research subjects is a common practice but raises ethical concerns relating to the potential for coercion or undue influence. We conducted the first national study of IRB members and human subjects protection professionals to explore attitudes as to whether and why payment of research participants constitutes coercion or undue influence. Upon critical evaluation of the cogency of ethical concerns regarding payment, as reflected in our survey results, we found expansive or inconsistent views about coercion and undue influence (...)
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  8. Jeremy Sugarman, Dale E. Hammerschmidt, Christine Grady, Lisa Eckenwiler, Carol Levine & Alan Fleischman (2011). Dealing With the Long-Term Social Implications of Research. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (5):5-9.
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  9. Leanne Stunkel, Meredith Benson, Louise McLellan, Ninet Sinaii, Gabriella Bedarida, Ezekiel Emanuel & Christine Grady (2010). Comprehension and Informed Consent: Assessing the Effect of a Short Consent Form. Irb: Ethics and Human Research 32 (4):1.
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  10. Connie M. Ulrich, Ann B. Hamric & Christine Grady (2010). Moral Distress: A Growing Problem in the Health Professions? Hastings Center Report 40 (1):20-22.
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  11. Laura M. Beskow, Christine Grady, Ana S. Iltis, John Z. Sadler & Benjamin S. Wilfond (2009). Points to Consider: The Research Ethics Consultation Service and the IRB. Irb 31 (6):1.
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  12. Christine Grady (2009). Vulnerability in Research: Individuals with Limited Financial and/or Social Resources. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (1):19-27.
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  13. James Lavery, Christine Grady, Elizabeth Wahl & Ezekiel Emanuel (2009). Correction in Response to the Review of Ethical Issues in International Biomedical Research. Developing World Bioethics 9 (3):167-167.
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  14. Marion Danis, Adrienne Farrar, Christine Grady, Carol Taylor, Patricia O'Donnell, Karen Soeken & Connie Ulrich (2008). Does Fear of Retaliation Deter Requests for Ethics Consultation? Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (1):27-34.
    BackgroundReports suggest that some health care personnel fear retaliation from seeking ethics consultation. We therefore examined the prevalence and determinants of fear of retaliation and determined whether this fear is associated with diminished likelihood of consulting an ethics committee.MethodsWe surveyed registered nurses (RNs) and social workers (SWs) in four US states to identify ethical problems they encounter. We developed a retaliation index (1–7 point range) with higher scores indicating a higher perceived likelihood of retaliation. Linear regression analysis was performed to (...)
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  15. Neal Dickert & Christine Grady (2008). Incentives for Research Participants. In Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.), The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press. 386.
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  16. Ezekiel J. Emanuel & Christine Grady (2008). Commentary. Hastings Center Report 38 (3):10-12.
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  17. Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Christine Grady & Jerry Menikoff (2008). Is Longer Always Better? Hastings Center Report 38 (3):10.
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  18. Christine Grady, Marion Danis, Karen L. Soeken, Patricia O'Donnell, Carol Taylor, Adrienne Farrar & Connie M. Ulrich (2008). Does Ethics Education Influence the Moral Action of Practicing Nurses and Social Workers? American Journal of Bioethics 8 (4):4 – 11.
    Purpose/methods: This study investigated the relationship between ethics education and training, and the use and usefulness of ethics resources, confidence in moral decisions, and moral action/activism through a survey of practicing nurses and social workers from four United States (US) census regions. Findings: The sample (n = 1215) was primarily Caucasian (83%), female (85%), well educated (57% with a master's degree). no ethics education at all was reported by 14% of study participants (8% of social workers had no ethics education, (...)
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  19. Christine Grady, Marion Danis, Karen Soeken, Patricia O'Donnell, Carol Taylor, Adrienne Farrar & Connie Ulrich (2008). Response to Peer Commentary on “Does Ethics Education Influence the Moral Action of Practicing Nurses and Social Workers?”. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (4):1-2.
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  20. Christine Grady, Jennifer Wagman, Robert Ssekubugu, Maria J. Wawer, David Serwadda, Mohammed Kiddugavu, Fred Nalugoda, Ronald H. Gray, David Wendler, Qian Dong, Dennis O. Dixon, Bryan Townsend, Elizabeth Wahl & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2008). Research Benefits for Hypothetical HIV Vaccine Trials: The Views of Ugandans in the Rakai District. Irb: Ethics and Human Research 30 (2):1.
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  21. David Wendler & Christine Grady (2008). What Should Research Participants Understand to Understand They Are Participants in Research? Bioethics 22 (4):203–208.
    To give valid informed consent to participate in clinical research, potential participants should understand the risks, potential benefits, procedures, and alternatives. Potential participants also should understand that they are being invited to participate in research. Yet it is unclear what potential participants need to understand to satisfy this particular requirement. As a result, it is unclear what additional information investigators should disclose about the research; and it is also unclear when failures of understanding in this respect undermine the validity of (...)
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  22. Alister Browne, Katharine Browne, Ezekiel J. Emanual, Joseph J. Fins, Colin Gavaghan, Christine Grady & Leonard C. Groopman (2007). William Andereck, MD, is an Internist at California Pacific Medical Center in San Francisco, California, Where He Chairs the Ethics Committee and is Founder and Codirector of the Program in Medicine and Human Values. R. Blake Brown, Ph. D., is a Social Science and Humanities Research Council Post-Doctoral Fellow at Saint Mary's University and a Research Associate at The. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16:1-2.
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  23. Ezekiel J. Emanuel & Christine Grady (2006). Four Paradigms of Clinical Research and Research Oversight. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (01):82-96.
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  24. Christine Grady (2006). Ethics of Vaccine Research. In Ana Smith Iltis (ed.), Research Ethics. Routledge.
     
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  25. Christine Grady, Elizabeth Horstmann, Jeffrey S. Sussman & Sara Chandros Hull (2006). The Limits of Disclosure: What Research Subjects Want to Know About Investigator Financial Interests. Journal of Law, Medicine Ethics 34 (3):592-599.
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  26. David Wendler, Christine Pace, Ambrose O. Talisuna, Faustine Maiso, Christine Grady & Ezekiel Emanuel (2005). Research on Stored Biological Samples: The Views of Ugandans. Irb 27 (2).
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  27. Carol Levine, Ruth Faden, Christine Grady, Dale Hammerschmidt, Lisa Eckenwiler & Jeremy Sugarman (2004). A Response to Commentators on “The Limitations of 'Vulnerability' as a Protection for Human Research Participants”. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):W32-W32.
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  28. Carol Levine, Ruth Faden, Christine Grady, Dale Hammerschmidt, Lisa Eckenwiler & Jeremy Sugarman (2004). The Limitations of "Vulnerability" as a Protection for Human Research Participants. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):44 – 49.
    Vulnerability is one of the least examined concepts in research ethics. Vulnerability was linked in the Belmont Report to questions of justice in the selection of subjects. Regulations and policy documents regarding the ethical conduct of research have focused on vulnerability in terms of limitations of the capacity to provide informed consent. Other interpretations of vulnerability have emphasized unequal power relationships between politically and economically disadvantaged groups and investigators or sponsors. So many groups are now considered to be vulnerable in (...)
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  29. Lindsay Sabik, Christine A. Pace, Heidi P. Forster-Gertner, David Wendler, Judith D. Bebchuk, Jorge A. Tavel, Laura A. McNay, Jack Killen, Ezekiel J. Emanuel & Christine Grady (2004). Informed Consent: Practices and Views of Investigators in a Multinational Clinical Trial. Irb 27 (5):13-18.
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  30. Connie Ulrich & Christine Grady (2004). Beneficent Deception: Whose Best Interests Are We Serving? American Journal of Bioethics 4 (4):76-77.
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  31. Arlene M. Davis, Sara Chandros Hull, Christine Grady, Benjamin S. Wilfond & Gail E. Henderson (2002). The Invisible Hand in Clinical Research: The Study Coordinator's Critical Role in Human Subjects Protection. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (3):411-419.
  32. Christine Grady (2001). Money for Research Participation: Does It Jeopardize Informed Consent? American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):40 – 44.
    Some are concerned about the possibility that offering money for research participation can constitute coercion or undue influence capable of distorting the judgment of potential research subjects and compromising the voluntariness of their informed consent. The author recognizes that more often than not there are multiple influences leading to decisions, including decisions about research participation. The concept of undue influence is explored, as well as the question of whether or not there is something uniquely distorting about money as opposed to (...)
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  33. Christine Grady (2001). Thinking Further About Value: Commentary on" A Taxonomy of Value in Clinical Research". Irb 24 (6):7-8.
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  34. Christine Grady (1998). Science in the Service of Healing. Hastings Center Report 28 (6):34-38.
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  35. Leslie G. Biesecker, Francis S. Collins, Evan G. DeRenzo, Christine Grady & Charles R. MacKay (1995). Genethics. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (03):387-.
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  36. Christine Grady (1994). Hiv Preventive Vaccine Research: Selected Ethical Issues. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (6):595-612.
    This paper explores three selected issues which present ethical challenges unique to the development and testing of preventive HIV vaccines. The issues are: when to move forward with large scale efficacy testing of vaccines, how to incorporate behavioral interventions into the study of vaccine efficacy, and how to plan for and mitigate social harms associated with participation in an HIV vaccine trial. Careful and ongoing consideration must be given to the ethical implications of these decisions. Proposed solutions include planning for (...)
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  37. Christine Grady, Joan Jacob & Carol Romano (1991). Confidentiality: A Survey in a Research Hospital. Journal of Clinical Ethics 2 (1):25.
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